Walks plus hits per inning pitched

In baseball statistics, walks plus hits per inning pitched (WHIP) is a sabermetric measurement of the number of baserunners a pitcher has allowed per inning pitched. WHIP is calculated by adding the number of walks and hits allowed and dividing this sum by the number of innings pitched.[1]

WHIP reflects a pitcher's propensity for allowing batters to reach base, therefore a lower WHIP indicates better performance.

While earned run average (ERA) measures the runs a pitcher gives up, WHIP more directly measures a pitcher's effectiveness against batters.[1] WHIP accounts for pitcher performance regardless of errors and unearned runs. On-base plus slugging, or OPS, a comparable measurement of the ability of a hitter, is another example of comparison.


The stat was invented in 1979 by writer Daniel Okrent,[1] who called the metric "innings pitched ratio" at the time. Okrent excluded hit batsmen from the numerator of baserunners allowed since Sunday newspapers did not include hit batsmen in their statistical updates.[2]

WHIP is one of the few sabermetric statistics to enter mainstream baseball usage.[2] In addition to its use in live games, the WHIP is one of the most commonly used statistics in fantasy baseball, and is standard in fantasy leagues that employ 4×4, 5×5, and 6×6 formats.


WHIP near 1.00 or lower over the course of a season will often rank among the league leaders in Major League Baseball (MLB).

The lowest single-season WHIP in MLB history through 2018 is 0.7373 from Pedro Martínez pitching for the Boston Red Sox in 2000, which broke the previous record of 0.7692 of Guy Hecker of the Louisville Eclipse in 1882.[3] Walter Johnson, with a 0.7803 WHIP in 1913, has the third-lowest career WHIP.[3]

Cleveland Indians right-handed pitcher Addie Joss held the MLB record for the lowest career WHIP as of 2018, with a 0.9678 WHIP in 2,327 innings.[1] Chicago White Sox spitballer Ed Walsh was second, with a 0.9996 WHIP in 2,964 innings, the lowest career WHIP for a qualified pitcher with 10 or more seasons pitched.[4] Reliever Mariano Rivera ranked third among qualified pitchers with a career WHIP of 1.0003 in 1,283​23 innings.[4] Los Angeles Dodgers left-handed pitcher Clayton Kershaw was fourth with a WHIP of 1.0046.[4]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d MLB Glossary – Walks and hits per inning pitched (WHIP). MLB.com. Retrieved on September 13, 2016.
  2. ^ a b Prager, Joshua (June 30, 2013). "Mariano Rivera: A Singular Pitcher". The New York Times (New York ed.). p. SP1. Retrieved July 15, 2013.
  3. ^ a b Single-Season Leaders &amp Records for Walks & Hits per IP | Baseball-Reference.com
  4. ^ a b c Career Leaders &amp Records for Walks & Hits per IP | Baseball-Reference.com

External links

1882 St. Louis Brown Stockings season

The 1882 St. Louis Brown Stockings season was the first professional baseball season played by the team now known as the St. Louis Cardinals. The team was founded in the earlier St. Louis Brown Stockings franchise. It played in the National Association league in 1875 and in the National League from 1876 to 1877. After a scandal over game-fixing, combined with financial problems, the St Louis Brown Stockings left the National league but continued to play as an independent team from 1878 to 1881. Chris von der Ahe, a German immigrant, purchased the team prior to the 1882 season and placed it in the new American Association league. The St. Louis Brown Stockings posted a 37 from 43 game record in their first season in the American Association league, giving them fifth place. The team played at the Grand Avenue Grounds (which was later renamed Sportsman's Park) at the corner of Grand Avenue and Dodier Street in north St. Louis.

Aaron Nola

Aaron Michael Nola (born June 4, 1993) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Philadelphia Phillies of Major League Baseball (MLB).

Nola played college baseball at Louisiana State University (LSU). He was drafted by the Phillies in the first round, seventh overall pick in the 2014 Major League Baseball draft. Nola made his major league debut in 2015. He was a 2018 National League All Star, and came in third in the voting for the 2018 NL Cy Young Award.

Adam Wainwright

Adam Parrish Wainwright (born August 30, 1981) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals of Major League Baseball (MLB). The Atlanta Braves selected him 29th overall in the first round of the 2000 amateur draft from Glynn Academy in Brunswick, Georgia. His performance in the minor leagues brought him notice as one of the Braves' top pitching prospects. The Braves traded him to the Cardinals after the 2003 season, receiving outfielder J. D. Drew in a deal which has since been considered lopsided in favor of the Cardinals. Wainwright made his MLB debut on September 11, 2005, against the New York Mets.

As spending his first full MLB season as a relief pitcher, Wainwright briefly assumed closer duties, saving the series-clinching games of both the 2006 National League Championship Series and World Series. The next season, he returned to starting pitching, a role in which he has since remained, except for 2011, which he missed due to Tommy John surgery. He emerged as an ace as he led the National League multiple times in wins, innings pitched, and games started. He also has multiple top-ten finishes in earned run average, strikeouts, walks plus hits per inning pitched, and complete games. In 2014, he became the first pitcher in Major League history to post nine of his first 18 starts with seven innings pitched and no runs allowed. In his career, Wainwright has won more than 150 games, three All-Star selections, two Rawlings Gold Glove Awards and finished in the top three in the Cy Young Award balloting four times.

With 1,705 strikeouts in his career to date, Wainwright is second in Cardinals' history to Bob Gibson (3,117) in Cardinals franchise history in strikeouts. He runs a fantasy football league where the registration fees go to charity. He is currently signed through 2019.

Bob Ross (baseball)

Floyd Robert Ross (born November 2, 1928) is an American former professional baseball player, a left-handed pitcher who appeared in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Washington Senators (1950–51) and Philadelphia Phillies (1956). He stood 6 feet (1.83 m) tall and weighed 165 pounds (75 kg).

Ross signed his first professional contract at age 16 with the Brooklyn Dodgers during 1945, the last year of World War II. After five seasons in the Dodger farm system, he was drafted by Washington and had six- and 11-game trials with the 1950 and 1951 Senators. He failed, however, to remain at the Major League level and spent at least part of each of his 13 professional seasons in the minor leagues. He missed the 1952 and 1953 seasons due to military service during the Korean War. Ross' final MLB trial came at the outset of the 1956 Phillies' season, but he appeared in only three games before being sent back to the minor leagues.

Ross appeared in 20 MLB games, and was winless in two decisions, giving up 55 hits and 38 bases on balls in 47​2⁄3 innings pitched, for a 1.95 walks plus hits per inning pitched. He struck out 29 opposing batters.

Chance Adams

Chance Adams (born August 10, 1994) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the New York Yankees of Major League Baseball (MLB).

Derek Lilliquist

Derek Jansen Lilliquist (born February 20, 1966) is a former professional baseball pitcher and a former pitching coach for the Washington Nationals of Major League Baseball (MLB). The Atlanta Braves selected him in the first round of the 1987 MLB draft from the University of Georgia (UGA). In his MLB career, Lilliquist played for the Braves (1989–90), San Diego Padres (1990–91), Cleveland Indians (1992–94), Boston Red Sox (1995) and the Cincinnati Reds (1996). He coached in the Cardinals organization since 2002, and began serving on the major league staff in 2011. On October 3, 2017, it was announced that Lilliquist would not be back with the team for the 2018 season.

While playing for UGA, Lilliquist was selected as Baseball America's Pitcher of the Year and was an All-American in 1987. In the major leagues, he functioned primarily as a relief pitcher. With Cleveland in 1992, he posted career lows in earned run average (2.25), hits per nine innings (5.7), and walks plus hits per inning pitched (0.924) while appearing in a career-high 71 games.

Detroit Tigers award winners and league leaders

This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the Detroit Tigers professional baseball team.

Hits per nine innings

In baseball statistics, hits per nine innings (denoted by H/9) is the average number of hits allowed by a pitcher in a nine inning period; calculated as: (hits allowed x 9) / innings pitched. This is a measure of a pitcher's success based on the number of all outs he records.

Compared to a pitcher's batting average against, a pitcher's H/9 benefits from sacrifice bunts, double plays, runners caught stealing, and outfield assists, but it is hurt by some errors. Unlike batting average against, a pitcher's H/9 benefits from outs that are not related to official at bats, as they are recorded on runners after they have reached base.

Jake Smith (pitcher, born 1887)

Jacob John "Jake" Smith (June 10, 1887 – November 7, 1948) was a professional baseball player. A relief pitcher, Smith appeared in two games for the Philadelphia Phillies of Major League Baseball's National League during the 1911 season. He was officially listed as standing 6 feet 5 inches (196 cm) and weighing 200 pounds (91 kg).

Jeff Dedmon

Jeffrey Linden Dedmon (born March 4, 1960) is an American former professional baseball player, a right-handed pitcher who appeared in 250 Major League games over six seasons for the Atlanta Braves (1983–1987) and Cleveland Indians (1988). Listed at 6 feet 2 inches (1.88 m) tall and 200 pounds (91 kg), he attended Narbonne High School in Harbor City, California, and was selected by the Braves out of West Los Angeles College in the first round of the secondary phase of the 1980 June draft.

A starting pitcher for his first two years in minor league baseball, he converted to a reliever during his third professional campaign, and when he reached the Major Leagues in September 1983 he continued in that role, making only three starts in his big-league career. Dedmon worked in over 50 games for four consecutive seasons (1984–1987) with the Braves (although the first two of those seasons included time spent with the Triple-A Richmond Braves). His most effective MLB season was 1986, in which he equaled his career high in games won (6) and set personal-bests in innings pitched (99​2⁄3), earned run average (2.98), and walks plus hits per inning pitched (WHIP) (1.29). He was traded to the Indians on the eve of the 1988 season and split that year between Cleveland and the Triple-A Colorado Springs Sky Sox.In 394 big-league innings pitched, Dedmon allowed 387 hits and 186 bases on balls. He struck out 210 and recorded 12 saves. Dedmon retired after the 1989 season, his tenth in organized baseball.

Jim Donohue

James Thomas Donohue (October 31, 1937 – September 9, 2017) was a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Detroit Tigers, Los Angeles Angels, and Minnesota Twins from 1961 to 1962.Donohue died September 9, 2017 in St. Louis, MO.

José Rijo

José Antonio Rijo Abreu (born May 13, 1965) is a Dominican former pitcher in Major League Baseball (MLB) who spent the majority of his career with the Cincinnati Reds (1988–1995 and 2001–2002). Originally signed by the New York Yankees as an amateur free agent in 1980, Rijo made his MLB debut with them in 1984, and also played in MLB for the Oakland Athletics. He pitched and batted right-handed, stood 6 feet 1 inch (1.85 m) tall, and weighed 200 pounds (91 kg) during his playing career.The most notable success of Rijo's career came as a member of the Reds, where each year as a starting pitcher from 1988−1993, he posted an earned run average (ERA) below 3.00. He won a World Series title in 1990 and that event's Most Valuable Player Award (MVP). In 1993, he was the National League (NL) leader in strikeouts and Wins Above Replacement (WAR) at 10.6. He was named to the All-Star Game in 1994.

Elbow injuries sidelined Rijo for most of the 1995 season, and from 1996−2000, prevented him from appearing in the major leagues in spite of all his efforts. In 2001, he returned to the major leagues as a relief pitcher with the Reds. By doing so, he became the first player to appear in a game after receiving a Baseball Hall of Fame vote since Minnie Miñoso in 1976. As a result, Rijo was the Tony Conigliaro Award winner in 2002. He again retired after that season, and was elected to the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame in 2005.

Justin Anderson (baseball)

Justin Charles Anderson (born September 28, 1992) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Los Angeles Angels of Major League Baseball (MLB). The Angels selected him in the 14th round of the 2014 MLB draft. He made his MLB debut in 2018.

List of Major League Baseball career WHIP leaders

In baseball statistics, walks plus hits per inning pitched (WHIP) is a sabermetric measurement of the number of baserunners a pitcher has allowed per inning pitched. WHIP reflects a pitcher's propensity for allowing batters to reach base, therefore a lower WHIP indicates better performance. WHIP is calculated by adding the number of walks and hits allowed and dividing this sum by the number of innings pitched.

Below is the list of the top 100 Major League Baseball pitchers in Walks plus hits per inning pitched (WHIP) with at least 1,000 innings pitched.

Addie Joss is the all-time leader with a career WHIP of 0.9678. Ed Walsh (0.9996) is the only other player with a career WHIP under 1.0000.

List of Nashville Sounds awards, All-Stars, and league leaders

The Nashville Sounds Minor League Baseball team has played in Nashville, Tennessee, since its inaugural 1978 season. It was created as an expansion team of the Double-A Southern League (SL), in which it competed through 1984. The franchise moved to the Triple-A American Association (AA) in 1985 and then to the Triple-A Pacific Coast League (PCL) in 1998. This list documents players and personnel who have won league awards, were selected for midseason or postseason All-Star teams, or led the league in various statistical areas in a single season.

Three Sounds have won league Most Valuable Player (MVP) awards (Steve Balboni, Brian Dayett, and Magglio Ordóñez), and ten have won Pitcher of the Year awards (Bruce Berenyi, Geoff Combe, Andy McGaffigan, Jamie Werly, Stefan Wever, Chris Hammond, Scott Ruffcorn, R.A. Dickey, Johnny Hellweg, and Jimmy Nelson). Four team managers have won Manager of the Year honors: Stump Merrill, Rick Renick, Frank Kremblas, and Steve Scarsone. Manager Mike Guerrero was the recipient of Minor League Baseball's Mike Coolbaugh Award in 2013. Ordóñez won the 1997 American Association Most Valuable Player Award as well as the Rookie of the Year Award, making him the only Nashville player to win two year-end awards for the same season. The only other team personnel to win multiple awards, though in separate seasons, are Renick, who won the American Association Manager of the Year Award in 1993 and 1996, President Larry Schmittou, who won the Southern League Executive of the Year Award in 1978 and the American Association Executive of the Year Award in 1987 and 1989, and radio broadcaster Bob Jamison, who was named Southern League Broadcaster of the Year in 1980 and 1982. The franchise won the Larry MacPhail Award for Outstanding Minor League Promotions in 1978, 1980, and 1981.

Three Sounds have been selected to participate in the All-Star Futures Game. Seventy-six players and seven managers and coaches have been selected for midseason All-Star teams. Of those players, Drew Denson, Vinny Rottino, Scott Ruffcorn, Joey Vierra, and Jamie Werly are the only players to have been selected twice while playing for Nashville. Four players have been chosen as the MVP for their contributions in All-Star games: Duane Walker, Ray Durham, Magglio Ordóñez, and Renato Núñez. Of the 50 players who have been named to postseason All-Star teams, only Duane Walker and Jeff Abbott have been selected twice.

A number of players have led their league in multiple statistical categories during a single season. Steve Balboni led the 1980 Southern League season in five categories: runs (101), runs batted in (122), total bases (288), home runs (30), and fielding percentage among first basemen (.990). Chris Hammond also led the American Association in five areas in 1990: wins (15), winning percentage (.938 (15–1)), earned run average (2.17), strikeouts (149), and shutouts (3). Skeeter Barnes (1990), Norberto Martin (1993), Drew Denson (1994), Magglio Ordóñez (1997), and Joey Wendle (2015) have led single seasons in four areas each. The 1980 Sounds led the Southern League in 22 categories, the most among all other Sounds teams.

Monte Pearson

Montgomery Marcellus "Monte" Pearson (September 2, 1908 – January 27, 1978) was an American baseball pitcher who played ten seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB). Nicknamed "Hoot", he played for the Cleveland Indians, New York Yankees and Cincinnati Reds from 1932 to 1941. He batted and threw right-handed and served primarily as a starting pitcher.

Pearson played minor league baseball for three different teams until 1932, when he signed with the Cleveland Indians. After spending four seasons with the organization, Pearson was traded to the New York Yankees, where he spent the next five years. At the conclusion of the 1940 season, he was traded to the Cincinnati Reds, with whom he played his last game on August 5, 1941. A four-time World Series champion, Pearson holds the MLB record for lowest walks plus hits per inning pitched (WHIP) in the postseason. He is most famous for pitching the first no-hitter at the original Yankee Stadium.

Reid Ryan

Reid Ryan (born April 21, 1971) is an American baseball executive, former college baseball and professional baseball player, and son of Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Nolan Ryan. He was a pitcher in minor league baseball, and currently serves as the CEO of Ryan-Sanders Baseball Inc., which owns the Round Rock Express and Corpus Christi Hooks. He was introduced as the president of the Houston Astros on May 17, 2013.

San Diego Padres award winners and league leaders

This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the San Diego Padres professional baseball team.

Base running


This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.