Walk-to-strikeout ratio

In baseball statistics, walk-to-strikeout ratio (BB/K) is a measure of a hitter's plate discipline and knowledge of the strike zone. Generally, a hitter with a good walk-to-strikeout ratio must exhibit enough patience at the plate to refrain from swinging at bad pitches and take a base on balls, but he must also have the ability to recognize pitches within the strike zone and avoid striking out. Joe Morgan and Wade Boggs are two examples of hitters with a good walk-to-strikeout ratio. A hit by pitch is not counted statistically as a walk and therefore not counted in the walk-to-strikeout ratio.

The inverse of this, the strikeout-to-walk ratio, is used to compare pitchers.[1]


Best single-season walk-to-strikeout ratios from 1913 to 2011:

Rank Player Team LG Year BB SO BB/SO
1 Joe Sewell NYY AL 1932 56 3 18.67
2 Joe Sewell NYY AL 1933 71 4 17.75
3 Joe Sewell CLE AL 1925 64 4 16.00
4 Joe Sewell CLE AL 1929 48 4 12.00
5 Charlie Hollocher CHC NL 1922 58 5 11.60
6 Lou Boudreau CLE AL 1948 98 9 10.89
7 Eddie Collins CWS AL 1925 87 8 10.88
8 Joe Sewell CLE AL 1926 65 6 10.83
9 Eddie Collins CWS AL 1923 84 8 10.50
10 Mickey Cochrane PHA AL 1929 69 8 8.63
11 Joe Sewell CLE AL 1923 98 12 8.17
12 Tommy Holmes BSN NL 1945 70 9 7.78
13 Joe Sewell NYY AL 1931 62 8 7.75
14 Tris Speaker CLE AL 1920 97 13 7.46
15 Joe Sewell CLE AL 1927 51 7 7.29
16 Mickey Cochrane PHA AL 1927 50 7 7.14
17 Tris Speaker CLE AL 1918 64 9 7.11
18 Lou Boudreau CLE AL 1949 70 10 7.00
18 Tris Speaker CLE AL 1922 77 11 7.00

In 2018, Jose Ramirez had the best BB/K ratio in the major leagues, at 1.33.[2]


  1. ^ Best strikeout to walk ratio | MLB.com
  2. ^ 2018 Regular Season MLB Baseball Batting Statistics and League Leaders - Major League Baseball - ESPN

See also

Alma Ziegler

Alma Ziegler (January 9, 1918 – May 30, 2005) was an infielder and pitcher who played from 1944 through 1954 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 3 in (1.60 m), 125 lb., Ziegler batted and threw right-handed.Alma Ziegler was one of the best all-around players in the early years of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Noted for her enthusiastic, high-spirited personality and great knowledge of the game, Ziegler excelled at second base, where her range and acrobatic plays impressed baseball fanatics and experts. In addition, she later developed as a leading overhand pitcher. A member of three championship teams and three all-star squads, she spent 11 years in the circuit, being named to the Player of the Year and Pitching Champion awards in the same season. Regarded as a disciplined hitter and a daring base runner, she posted a career 2.57 walk-to-strikeout ratio (641-to-249) and utilized her stunning speed to snatch 387 stolen bases. As a pitcher, she had a 42–21 record for a .667 percentage and collected a solid 1.32 earned run average.

Betty Francis

Betty Francis [″BF″] (July 7, 1931 – January 30, 2016) was an American baseball outfielder who played from 1949 through 1954 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 4 in (1.63 m), 140 lb., she batted and threw right-handed.Born in Maquoketa, Iowa, the stocky Betty Francis played during the last six seasons of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.Basically, Francis was a patient contact hitter with surprising extra base power, compiling a solid 2.73 walk-to-strikeout ratio while connecting 50 of her 331 career hits for extra bases. She also provided strong defense in both outfield corners, showing wide range and a good throwing arm.Francis first played for the Chicago Colleens rookie development team in 1949. She was promoted the Muskegon Lassies late in the season, and stayed with the franchise when it was renamed the Kalamazoo Lassies.Francis played for the Lassies five years, before joining the South Bend Blue Sox in 1954. Her most productive season with South Bend, when she posted career-numbers in batting average (.350), runs scored (49), home runs (8), runs batted in (58), hits (105) and doubles (12). She had the fifth highest average among all players, while ranking seventh for the most doubles and eighth in RBI .When her baseball days were over, Francis moved to Chicago, Illinois and worked during 28 years in the Libby's canning company. She also played professional softball in Chicago, accumulating 14 years of amateur ball and 17 years as a professional.In 1988, Betty Francis became part of Women in Baseball, a permanent display based at the Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown, New York, which was unveiled to honor the entire All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.

Bill Lamar

William Harmong Lamar [Good Time Bill] (March 21, 1897 – May 24, 1970) was a left fielder in Major League Baseball who played from 1917 through 1927 for the New York Yankees, Boston Red Sox, Brooklyn Robins, and Philadelphia Athletics. Listed at 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m), 185 lb., Lamar batted left-handed and threw right-handed. He was born in Rockville, Maryland.

In a nine-season career, Lamar was a .310 hitter (633-for-2040) with 19 home runs and 245 RBI in 550 games, including 303 runs, 114 doubles, 23 triples, 25 stolen bases, and a 1.10 walk-to-strikeout ratio (86-to-78).

Lamar died in Rockport, Massachusetts at age 73.

Chet Laabs

Chester Peter Laabs (April 30, 1912 – January 26, 1983) was an American outfielder in Major League Baseball who played from 1937 through 1947 for the Detroit Tigers (1937–39), St. Louis Browns (1939–46) and Philadelphia Athletics (1947). Listed at 5 ft 8 in (1.73 m), 175 lb., he batted and threw right-handed.

Laabs was a .262 hitter with 117 home runs and 509 RBI in 950 games.

A native of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Laabs played 11 major league seasons. Laabs produced a strikeout, walk or home run every 3.48 plate appearances; his career on-base percentage (.346) was almost 100 points higher than his batting average, and he posted a 0.653 walk-to-strikeout ratio (389-for-595). On October 2, 1938, he struck out for the fifth time that day, which was the 18th of the game for Bob Feller, the future Hall of Fame pitcher of the Cleveland Indians. It gave Feller a nine-inning game major league record. The current record of 20 is shared by Roger Clemens (twice, in 1986 and 1996) and Kerry Wood (1998).

Laabs enjoyed his most productive season in 1942, when he posted career highs in RBI (99) and runs (90), and finished second in the American League with 27 home runs (also a career high), behind Ted Williams (36).

An All-Star in 1943, Laabs helped the Browns win their only pennant in 1944, by hitting two home runs against the Yankees to clinch the pennant on the season's last day.

Laabs died in Warren, Michigan at the age of 70.

Dave Philley

David Earl Philley (May 16, 1920 – March 15, 2012) was an outfielder who played in Major League Baseball. A switch hitter who threw right-handed, he debuted on September 6, 1941 and played his final game on August 6, 1962. He was born in Paris, Texas.

A well-travelled and -regarded clutch hitter, Philley played for eight different teams in a long, 18-season career. He was considered one of the game's premier defensive outfielders before Gold Gloves were awarded. A hustler with good range and an outstanding arm, he led American League outfielders in assists three different years (1948, 1950, 1953) and once in outs (1950). A highly disciplined hitter, as well, he had a short and compact swing with occasional power and was a daring and intelligent base runner. Still, Philley is best remembered for his pinch-hitting heroics in the late 1950s.Philley reached the majors in 1941 with the Chicago White Sox. He spent four years in military service during World War II, rejoining the White Sox in 1946 and playing 17 games for them that year. Philley was with the White Sox for five-and-a-half years before moving to the Philadelphia Athletics early in the 1951 season. After playing for Philadelphia in the 1951 through 1953 seasons, he next played for the Cleveland Indians in 1954. He was acquired by the Baltimore Orioles during the 1955 season and finished the year with a .299 batting average, leading the Orioles in batting. Later in his long career, Philley played for the Detroit Tigers, Philadelphia Phillies, San Francisco Giants, and Boston Red Sox, including second stints with Chicago and Baltimore. His most productive season came in 1953 with the Athletics, when he posted career-high numbers in batting average (.303), hits (188), doubles (30), and games played (157). From 1947 to 1953, he averaged 27 doubles per season, and in 1950 with Chicago hit 14 home runs with 80 runs batted in, also career highs. While in Cleveland, he appeared in the 1954 World Series.

As he got older, Philley became more of a pinch-hitting specialist. In 1958, playing for the Phillies, he collected 18 pinch hits, including a streak of eight straight to close the season.

He also had a pinch-hit double opening day 1959, for an actual total of nine straight, a major league record that still stands today. While playing for Baltimore in 1961, he had a season total of 24 pinch hits in 72 at-bats, which are also American League records.A 42-year-old Philley was signed off the Baltimore roster by the expansion Houston Colt .45's during the 1961–62 offseason, but a few hours later, Houston sent him to the Boston Red Sox. Philley spent most of 1962 on the bench for Boston and retired at the end of the season.

In an 18-season career, Philley was a .270 hitter with 84 home runs and 729 RBI in 1,904 games. He also collected 1,700 hits, 276 doubles, 72 triples, 789 runs, 101 stolen bases, and a walk-to-strikeout ratio of 1.078 (594 to 551). As a pinch hitter, he batted .299 (93 for 311).

Philley holds the record for the most at-bats in an American League regulation-inning doubleheader, having 13 at-bats for the White Sox against the Browns on 30 May 1950.After his playing days, Philley worked as a manager for the Houston minor league system from 1963 to 1964, and spent 1965 managing the Durham Bulls, where he won a Carolina League division title. He found employment for 1966 in the Red Sox organization, where he managed the Class A Waterloo Hawks and served as a scout. Until his death, Philley lived in his native Paris, Texas.

Dom Dallessandro

Nicholas Dominic Dallessandro (October 3, 1913 – April 29, 1988) was an outfielder in Major League Baseball who played for two teams between 1937 and 1947. Listed at 5 ft 6 in (1.68 m), 168 lb., Dallessandro batted and threw left-handed. He was born in Reading, Pennsylvania.

Dallessandro entered the majors in 1937 with the Boston Red Sox, playing for them one year before joining the Chicago Cubs in 1940. His most productive season came in 1941 with Chicago, when he hit .272 with six home runs and posted career-highs in games (140), hits (132), runs (73) and RBI (85), while his 36 doubles ranked him 4th in the National League. He enjoyed another solid season in 1944, hitting a career-high .304 with eight home runs and 74 RBI in 117 games. He missed 1945 due to military service during World War II and rejoined the Cubs in 1946, playing for them in part of the next two seasons. After his big league career ended, he saw action in the minor leagues until retiring in 1952.

In an eight-season career, Dallessandro was a .267 hitter (520-for-1945) with 22 home runs and 303 RBI in 746 games, including 242 runs, 11 doubles, 23 triples, 16 stolen bases, and a .369 on-base percentage. A disciplined hitter, he compiled a 2.07 walk-to-strikeout ratio (310-to-150).

Known by the alliterative but uncomplimentary nickname "Dim Dom" and also as "Mr. 5-by-5", short of stature, he was referenced in Chicago columnist Mike Royko's annual Cubs quiz on April 18, 1968:

Q: Which of these two players always had sore feet? Heinz Becker or the immortal Dominic Dallessandro?

A: Becker had sore feet. Dallessandro had tiny feet. It used to take him twenty jumps to get out of the dugout.Dallessandro's nephew Dick Gernert also played in the major leagues.

Dallessandro died in Indianapolis, Indiana at the age of 74.

Johnny Peacock

John Gaston Peacock (January 10, 1910 – October 17, 1981) was a part-time catcher in Major League Baseball who played for three teams between 1937 and 1945. Listed at 5 ft 11 in (1.80 m), 165 lb., Peacock batted left-handed and threw right-handed. He was born in Fremont, North Carolina.

A light-hitting catcher, Peacock was good defensively and knew how to handle his pitching staff. He hit one home run in 1734 career at-bats.

Peacock entered the majors in 1937 with the Boston Red Sox, playing for them through the 1944 midseason before joining the Philadelphia Phillies (1944–1945) and Brooklyn Dodgers (1945). In his rookie season, he hit a .313 batting average in nine games played. The next eight years he averaged 76.25 games in each season, with a career-high 92 games in 1939. His most productive years came with Boston, when he hit .303 with a career-high 39 RBI in 1938, and .284 with 20 doubles in 1944.

In a nine-season career, Peacock was a .262 hitter with one home run and 194 RBI in 619 games, including 175 runs, 455 hits, 74 doubles, 16 triples, 14 stolen bases, and a .333 on-base percentage. A disciplinated hitter with a great knowledge of the strike zone, he posted a solid 2.51 walk-to-strikeout ratio (183-to-73).

In 518 appearances behind the plate, Peacock recorded 1863 outs, 220 assists, 37 double plays, and only 36 errors in 2119 total chances for a .983 fielding percentage.

Peacock died in Wilson, North Carolina, at the age of 71.

Johnny Temple

John Ellis Temple (August 8, 1927 – January 9, 1994) was a Major League Baseball second baseman who played for the Redlegs/Reds (1952–59; 1964); Cleveland Indians (1960–61), Baltimore Orioles (1962) and Houston Colt .45s (1962–63). Temple was born in Lexington, North Carolina. He batted and threw right-handed.

Temple was a career .284 hitter with 22 home runs and 395 RBI in 1420 games. A legitimate leadoff hitter and four-time All-Star, he was a very popular player in Cincinnati in the 1950s. Throughout his career, he walked more often than he struck out, compiling an outstanding 1.92 walk-to-strikeout ratio (648-to-338) and a .363 on-base percentage. Temple also had above-average speed and good instincts on the base paths. Quietly, he had 140 steals in 198 attempts (71%).

In 1957, Temple and six of his Redleg teammates—Ed Bailey, Roy McMillan, Don Hoak, Gus Bell, Wally Post and Frank Robinson—were voted into the National League All-Star starting lineup, the result of a ballot stuffing campaign by Redlegs fans. Bell remained on the team as a reserve, but Post was taken off altogether. Bell and Post were replaced as starters by Hank Aaron and Willie Mays.

Temple enjoyed his best year in 1959, with career-highs in batting average (.311), home runs (8), RBI (67), runs (102), hits (186), at-bats (598), doubles (35) and triples (6). At the end of the season he was sent to Cleveland for Billy Martin, Gordy Coleman and Cal McLish.Temple also played with Baltimore and Houston, and again with Cincinnati for his last major season, where he was a part-time coach. In August 1964, he cleaned out his locker after having a fight with fellow coach, Reggie Otero. When Fred Hutchinson had to leave the Reds due to his health, Cincinnati management decided to go with only two coaches and not reinstate Temple.After his baseball career was over, Temple worked as a television newsman in Houston, Texas and got involved with a business that sold boats and RVs. The business failed causing Temple to lose everything, including his home. In 1977, Temple was arrested and charged with larceny of farm equipment. Through the efforts of his wife, who wrote a public letter to The Sporting News, Temple got legal assistance. He gave testimony to the South Carolina assembly against his criminal partners.Temple died in Anderson, South Carolina in 1994 at the age of 66.

Johnny Watwood

John Clifford Watwood [Lefty] (August 17, 1905 – March 1, 1980) was an outfielder in Major League Baseball, playing mainly at center field for three different teams between the 1929 and 1939 seasons. Listed at 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m), 186 lb., Watwood batted and threw left-handed. A native of Alexander City, Alabama, he attended Auburn University.

A strong-armed outfielder and basically a line-drive hitter, Watwood entered the majors in April 1929 with the Chicago White Sox, playing for them until April 1932 before joining the Boston Red Sox (1932–1933) and Philadelphia Phillies (1939). His most productive season came with the 1930 White Sox, when he posted career-highs in games (133), batting average (.382), runs (75), RBI (51), extrabases (31) and on-base percentage (.382).

In 1931 Watwood hit .283 in 128 games for Chicago, and later was sent to the Red Sox in a five-player transaction that included teammates OF Smead Jolley and C Bennie Tate in exchange for C Charlie Berry and OF Jack Rothrock. While in Boston, he served as a backup for Jolley (LF), Tom Oliver (CF) and Roy Johnson (RF).

After that, Watwood spent five years in the minor leagues (1934–1938), managing also the 1938 Houston Buffaloes before returning to major league with the Phillies.

In a six-year majors career, Watwood was a .283 hitter (403-for-1423) with five home runs and 158 RBI in 469 games, including 192 runs, 66 doubles, 16 triples, 27 stolen bases, and a solid 1.50 walk-to-strikeout ratio (154-to-103). In 299 outfield appearances, he posted a collective .948 fielding percentage (40 errors in 776 total chances) and also played 86 games at first base (.948, 15 errors, 844 TC).

From 1929 Watwood lived in Goodwater, Alabama where he died in 1980 at the age of 74.

Ken Johnson (left-handed pitcher)

Kenneth Wandersee Johnson (January 14, 1923 – April 6, 2004), nicknamed "Hook" for his curveball, was an American professional baseball player, a pitcher who appeared in 74 games pitched in Major League Baseball for three different teams between the 1947 and 1952 seasons. Listed at 6 feet 1 inch (1.85 m), 185 pounds (84 kg), he batted and threw left-handed.The native of Topeka, Kansas, served in World War II in the United States Army in the Pacific Theater of Operations, where he was a tank commander.Johnson was a hard-throwing pitcher but what he lacked in control he made up for in the velocity and movement of his pitches. His wildness impeded his career, though he had flashes of brilliance.

Johnson entered the Majors in 1947 with the St. Louis Cardinals, playing for them in part of four seasons (1947–50) before joining the Philadelphia Phillies (1950–51) and Detroit Tigers (1952). In his first major league start, he pitched a one-hitter for the Cardinals against the Chicago Cubs at Wrigley Field (September 27). He struggled with his control after that and was sent by St. Louis to the Phillies in exchange for outfielder Johnny Blatnik. He went 4–1 as a member of the famous Phillies Whiz Kids, on the way to the National League pennant. Although he did not pitch in the 1950 World Series, Johnson appeared as a pinch runner for Dick Sisler in the ninth inning of Game 4, and scored the Phils' last run of the Fall Classic on an error by New York Yankees leftfielder Gene Woodling. New York won that game, 5–2, and the Series, four games to none. Johnson also pitched in nine games for Detroit in 1952, his last Major League season.

In a six-season career, Johnson posted a 12–14 record with a 4.58 ERA in 74 appearances, including 34 starts, eight complete games, four shutouts, 147 strikeouts, 195 bases on balls, and a 1.32 walk-to-strikeout ratio in 269​1⁄3 innings of work. Johnson died in Wichita, Kansas, at the age of 81.

Lyn Lary

Lynford Horbart Lary (January 28, 1906 – January 9, 1973), nicknamed "Broadway", was an American professional baseball shortstop. He played twelve seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the New York Yankees, Boston Red Sox, Washington Senators, St. Louis Browns, Cleveland Indians, Brooklyn Dodgers, and St. Louis Cardinals.In a 12-season career, Lary posted a .269 batting average with 38 home runs and 526 RBIs in 1,302 games played.

A well-traveled shortstop, Lary played for six different teams in a span of twelve years, including two stints with the St. Louis Browns and playing for three teams in 1939. A good defensive player, he had good hands with a strong arm and was competent on the double play. Primarily a singles hitter, his hustle on the bases was shown by taking an extra base or for breaking up a double play. He ended his career with a 1.50 walk-to-strikeout ratio (705-to-470).

Lary debuted with the New York Yankees in 1929, finishing with a .309 average. The next season, he hit .289, and .280 in 1931. That season, he collected 107 RBIs, the most ever by a Yankees shortstop, and was one of six Yankees to have at least 100 runs scored. Lou Gehrig, Babe Ruth, Ben Chapman, Earle Combs and Joe Sewell were the others. Lary also had career-numbers in home runs (10) and triples (nine).

From 1934 through 1936, Lary divided his playing time between the Yankees, Boston Red Sox, St, Louis Browns and Washington Senators. Before the 1935 season, he was traded by the Red Sox to the Washington Senators in exchange for future Hall of Famer Joe Cronin. Playing for the 1936 Browns, he hit .289 with 112 runs and led the American League with 37 stolen bases and 155 games played. In 1937 with the Cleveland Indians, he batted .290 with 110 runs and posted career-highs in hits (187) and doubles (46).

In 1939, Lary started with Cleveland, was traded to the Brooklyn Dodgers in the midseason, then returned to St. Louis for the rest of the year. He retired in 1940, after a part-time season for the Browns.

Lary died in Downey, California, at age 66.

Mary Reynolds (baseball)

Mary Reynolds (April 27, 1921 – May 9, 1991) was a utility who played from 1946 through 1950 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. She batted and threw right-handed.Once selected to the All-Star team, Mary Reynolds was a solid defender at third base with good range on the field and a strong throwing arm. Reynolds also saw time in the outfield and as a starting pitcher, while hitting a career .223 batting average. Basically a line drive hitter, she put the ball in play and was extremely hard to strike out, averaging a 1.50 walk-to-strikeout ratio and a .317 on-base percentage during her five years in the circuit.Born in Gastonia, North Carolina, Reynolds grew up with five brothers and three sisters. When World War began, she served as a sheet metal worker.Reynolds entered the league in 1946 with the Peoria Redwings, playing for them through the 1950 season. Nicknamed ″Windy″, because of her constant chatter on the field and from the dugout, she was chosen as the team's captain and eventually served as interim manager.In 1947, Reynolds hit a career-best .245 average with a .935 fielding percentage at third base and earned a spot in the All-Star team. Her most productive season on the mound came in 1948, when she posted a 9–6 and a 2.27 earned run average in 18 pitching appearances. She also was the best fielding pitcher in 1950 as she committed no errors.Since 1988 Reynolds is part of Women in Baseball, a permanent display based at the Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown, New York, which was unveiled to honor the entire All-American Girls Professional Baseball League rather than individual baseball personalities.Mary Reynolds died in her homeland of Gastonia, North Carolina, at the age of 70.

Norm Larker

Norman Howard John Larker (December 27, 1930 – March 12, 2007) was a first baseman/outfielder who played in Major League Baseball from 1958 through 1963. Listed at 6 ft 0 in (1.83 m), 185 lbs., Larker batted and threw left-handed. He was born in Beaver Meadows, Pennsylvania.

Larker played in the Minor Leagues even before 1950. He reached the majors in 1958 with the Dodgers –the first season that they played in Los Angeles–, spending four years with them before moving to the Houston Colt .45's (1962), Milwaukee Braves (1963), and San Francisco Giants (1963).

As a 27-year-old rookie, Larker hit .277 with a .427 slugging percentage in 99 games for the Dodgers, mostly as an outfielder. He later became the regular first baseman for the team in replacement of Gil Hodges.

His most productive season came in 1960, when he finished second in the National League batting race with a .323 average, which was edged out by MVP Dick Groat's .325. Larker also finished ahead of Willie Mays (.319), Roberto Clemente (.314) and Ken Boyer (.304), and was selected to the All-Star Game.As a member of the original Colt .45's in 1962, Larker collected career-highs in home runs (9), triples (5) and runs (58), while leading the team in doubles (19) and on-base percentage (.358); tied for the team-lead in walks (70), and hit .263 on a team that posted a collective .246. average. He also was a member of the 1959 World Champion Dodgers and was considered in the 1960 National League MVP vote.

In a six-season career, Larker was a .275 hitter (538-for-1953) with 32 home runs and 271 RBI in 667 games, including 227 runs, 97 doubles, 15 triples, and three stolen bases. He also collected a .347 OBP and a solid 1.28 walk-to-strikeout ratio (211-to-165). Defensively, Larker compiled a career .991 fielding percentage at first base and in the outfield.

In between, Larker played winter ball with the Navegantes del Magallanes club of the Venezuelan Professional Baseball League, where he captured the batting crown with a .340 average in the 1955-56 season.Following his major league career, Larker played for the Toei Flyers in Japan's Pacific League for two seasons.

Larker died in Long Beach, California, at the age of 76.

Sara Reeser

Sara Louise Reeser (born February 11, 1925) is a former infielder who played in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League between the 1946 and 1950 seasons. Listed at 5 ft 4 in (1.63 m), 130 lb, she batted and threw left-handed.Noted for his defensive skills at first base, Sara Reeser recorded the best fielding average at her position in 1947. Her .990 average also is the second best in league history for a single season, being only surpassed by the legendary Dorothy Kamenshek (.995) in 1949. A .218 career hitter, Reeser excelled at slap bunting for base hits. In addition, she possessed a near perfect eye for the strike zone and seldom struck out, as evidenced by her .305 career on-base percentage and her 1.54 walk-to-strikeout ratio (149-to-97).Born in Columbus, Ohio, Reeser was a latecomer and did not start playing until age 16 in a Columbus industrial softball league. Reeser was 21 years old and married when she entered the league in 1946 with the Muskegon Lassies.In her rookie season, Reeser collected a .207 batting average and stole a career 45 bases in 110 games, while fielding for a solid .977 average, finishing in fourth place behind Grand Rapids Chicks' Betty Whiting (.989), Rockford Peaches' Kamenshek (.985), and Racine Belles' Margaret Danhauser (.982).Her most productive season came in 1947, when she posted career numbers in batting average (.231) and hits (92), while committing only 27 errors in fielding chances to lead all first-sackers with her aforementioned .990 mark. She also set an all-time single season record for the most sacrifice bunts (39) and stole a second career best 36 bases. Late in the season, her teammate Doris Sams hurled a 2–0 perfect game against Dorothy Wiltse and the Fort Wayne Daisies. A RBI-single by Alva Jo Fischer in the fifth inning and a RBI-double by Reeser in the eight represented the only runs of the game, in what otherwise was a strong pitching duel.Reeser batted .223 in 1948, while matching her career 110 games played, and finished second in fielding average (.986), slightly exceeded by Grand Rapids' Inez Voyce (.989). Out in 1949, she returned with her team when it became the Kalamazoo Lassies in 1950, playing briefly for them in just ten games.Sara Reeser, along with her former teammates and opponents, received their long overdue recognition when the Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum dedicated a permanent display to the All American Girls Professional Baseball League in 1988.

Strikeout-to-walk ratio

In baseball statistics, strikeout-to-walk ratio (K/BB) is a measure of a pitcher's ability to control pitches, calculated as strikeouts divided by bases on balls.

A hit by pitch is not counted statistically as a walk and therefore not counted in the strikeout-to-walk ratio.

The inverse of this calculation is the related statistic for hitters, walk-to-strikeout ratio (BB/K).

Times on base

In baseball statistics, the term times on base, also abbreviated as TOB, is the cumulative total number of times a batter has reached base as a result of hits, walks and hit by pitches. This statistic does not include times reaching first by way of error, dropped third strike, fielder's obstruction or a fielder's choice, making this statistic somewhat of a misnomer.

Walk percentage

Walk percentage (also known as Base-on-balls percentage, BB%, or BBP) is a baseball statistic criterion.

The purpose of this offensive measurement is to gauge the percentage of a batter's plate appearances that result in the player being walked. A more recently developed statistic than batting average, it is used to determine hitters that have a better plate discipline.

Wally Gerber

Walter Gerber (August 18, 1891 – June 19, 1951) was a professional baseball player. He played all or part of fifteen seasons in Major League Baseball who played for the Pittsburgh Pirates (1914–15), St. Louis Browns (1917–28) and Boston Red Sox (1928–29), primarily as a shortstop. He batted and threw right-handed.

A native of Columbus, Ohio, Gerber was a fine infielder with quick hands and a fine throwing arm. From 1914 through 1918 he served as a utility for the Pittsburgh Pirates and St. Louis Browns, becoming the everyday shortstop for the Browns during the next nine seasons.

In 1923 Gerber set a major league for shortstops with 48 fielding chances in four consecutive games. Despite he led American League in errors in 1919 (45) and 1920 (52), he settled down to lead the league in double plays four times. Basically a lines drive hitter, his most productive season came in 1923, when he posted career-highs in batting average (.281), runs (85), hits (170), doubles (26), runs batted in (62) and games played (154). That season he was named to the Babe Ruth All-Star team, the year he won notoriety for his "$18,000 base hit" against the Detroit Tigers, which gave the Browns third place in the American League and a split in the World Series money. He played his final game with the Boston Red Sox in 1929.

In a 15-season career, Gerber batted .257 with seven home runs and 476 RBI in 1522 games. A disciplined hitter, he posted a fine 1.302 walk-to-strikeout ratio (465-to-357) in 5,099 at bats. As a shortstop, he recorded 2960 putouts, 4319 assists, 741 double plays, and 439 errors in 7718 chances for a .943 fielding percentage.

Following his playing career, Gerber served as an umpire in the Middle Atlantic League and also worked as a supervisor with the City Recreation Division of Ohio.Gerber died in Columbus, Ohio, at the age of 59 and is buried in Green Lawn Cemetery.

Wally Judnich

Walter Franklin Judnich (January 24, 1916 – July 10, 1971) was an American professional baseball player. He played as a center fielder in Major League Baseball for three different teams between 1940 and 1949. Listed at 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m), 205 lb, Judnich batted and threw left-handed.

A native of San Francisco, California, and a graduate of Mission High School, Judnich entered the majors in 1940 with the St. Louis Browns, playing for them for five years (1940–42 and 1946–47) before joining the Cleveland Indians (1948) and Pittsburgh Pirates (1949).

Basically a contact, line-drive hitter, Judnich was a fine outfielder with a strong throwing arm. But he was one of many major leaguers who saw his baseball career truncated after his stint in the US Army Air Force during World War II. When he came back after his discharge, he was 29 years old and no longer at the top of his game.

In his rookie season with the Browns, Judnich posted career-numbers in home runs (24), RBIs (89), and runs scored (97), while hitting for a .303 batting average. In 1942, he was one of only seven players in the American League to reach the .300 mark in the season; ranking 6th behind Ted Williams (.356), Johnny Pesky (.331), Stan Spence (.323), Joe Gordon (.322) and George Case (.320), and surpassing Joe DiMaggio (.305). After his heroics, Judnich was considered in the American League MVP vote.

In 1941, Judnich batted .284 with 14 homers, 40 doubles, 83 RBIs and 90 runs in a career-high 146 games. Then, in 1942 he hit 17 home runs (7th in AL) with 82 RBIs and a .313 average (a career-high), being nominated again to the American League MVP honors. After that, he served in the military for the next three years (1943–45).

Judnich was released from the USAAF in time for the start of the 1946 season with the Browns, when he hit .262 with 15 homers and 72 RBIs in 132 games. The next year he went .258, 18, 64 in 144 appearances, and was traded to Cleveland before the 1948 season.

With the Indians, Judnich was part of a very congested outfield that included Larry Doby, Dale Mitchell and Thurman Tucker, between nine others. He did, however, get a World Series ring as part of the 1948 Cleveland Indians World Champions, playing 49 games in the outfield and 20 at first base, as a backup. He also made 10 appearances for Pittsburgh in 1949, his last major league season.

In a seven-season career, Judnich was a .281 hitter (782-for-2786) with 90 home runs and 420 RBIs in 790 games, including 424 runs, 150 doubles, 29 triples, 20 stolen bases, a .369 on-base percentage, and a 1.30 walk-to-strikeout ratio (385-to-298). In the 1948 World Series, he hit .077 (1-for-13) with a run and one RBI.

Following his major-league career, Judnich played for many years in the Pacific Coast League, including stints with the San Francisco Seals, Seattle Rainiers, and Portland Beavers.

Judnich died in Glendale, California, at the age of 55. He was interred at Grand View Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale.

Base running

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