Waipahu, Hawaii

Waipahu is a former sugarcane plantation town and now census-designated place (CDP) located in the ʻEwa District on the island of Oʻahu in the City & County of Honolulu, Hawaiʻi, United States. As of the 2010 Census, the CDP population was 38,216.[1] The U.S. postal code for Waipahu is 96797.

Location in Honolulu County and the state of Hawaii
Location in Honolulu County and the state of Hawaii
Waipahu is located in Hawaii
Location in Hawaii
Coordinates: 21°23′33″N 158°0′39″W / 21.39250°N 158.01083°WCoordinates: 21°23′33″N 158°0′39″W / 21.39250°N 158.01083°W
Country United States
State Hawaii
County Honolulu
 • Total2.8 sq mi (7.2 km2)
 • Land2.8 sq mi (7.2 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
62 ft (19 m)
 • Total38,216
 • Density14,000/sq mi (5,300/km2)
Time zoneUTC−10 (Hawaii-Aleutian)
ZIP code
Area code(s)808
FIPS code15-79700
GNIS feature ID0364878


Waipahu is the name of an artesian spring.[2] In Hawaiian, Waipahu is derived from wai, meaning water, and pahū, meaning "burst or explode"; combined, Waipahu means "water forced up (as out of a spring)".[3] The early Native Hawaiians took pleasure in the cool and clear water gushing from the ground and named this spring Waipahu. Before the Western civilization set foot in Hawaii, the Hawaiians considered Waipahu to be the capital of Oahu. Royalty in the Kingdom of Hawaii would often gather and enjoy the fresh water from the spring Waipahu.[2]

Oahu Sugar Co Gold Bond
Oahu Sugar Company at Waipahu (Gold Bond Certificate)

In 1897, Oahu Sugar Company was incorporated, and its board of directors located the sugar mill in Waipahu. It had 943 field workers. There were 44 Hawaiians, including 10 minors; 57 Portuguese; 443 Japanese, 408 of them contract laborers; and 399 Chinese, 374 of whom were contract laborers.[4] The company's managers from 1897 to 1940 were August Ahrens (1897–1904), E.K. Bull (1904–1919), J.B. Thomson (1919–1923), E.W. Greene (1923–1937), and Hans L'Orange (1937–1956).[5]

In the early days of the plantation, each worker was assigned a number inscribed on a metal disc about the size of a silver dollar. The numbers 1 through 899 identified Japanese alien; 900 through 1400 were Japanese who were American citizens or Hawaii-born. The 2000 and 2100 series were Portuguese laborers, 2200 Spanish, 2300 Hawaiian, 2400 Puerto Rican, 3000 Chinese or Korean, 4000 and 5000 Filipino. The company imported laborers from many different countries including the Philippines, Japan, China, Portugal, and Norway. Very few laborers working for the Oahu Sugar Co. were Hawaiian.[6] The majority of the company's first laborers were either Japanese or Chinese. Each ethnic group was broken up into different camps. This division was said to have been the result of different cultures and language barriers.

Plantation workers lived by what was called The Plantation System. Field workers received an average monthly salary of $12.50.[7] However, Filipino immigrants were paid less than all of the other laborers because they were the cheapest to import.[8] The Filipinos, on average, made less than $10.00 a month. The Chinese generally were paid the most with a monthly average of $15.00.[9]

In 1932 the Oahu Sugar Co. opened a continuation school, and allowed a half-day off from work once a week for workers to attend. Those who weren't available during the day could also attend evening courses. This was to give them a chance to better their knowledge for a better job.[10]

During the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) planes fired at the sugar mill in Waipahu, killing a civilian and injuring seven others.[11]

Amfac acquired the company in 1961.[12] Oahu Sugar Company shut down plantation operations after the 1995 harvest.[5]

In 1923, the Oahu Sugar Company field also served as the community center which featured band concerts, sporting events, and carnivals. Later, the athletic field was renamed Hans L'Orange Field.[4][13] Today, the park is primarily used for baseball, and is the home field of Hawaii Pacific University's men's baseball team, the Sea Warriors. It was the home field of the Hawaii Winter Baseball teams the North Shore Honu and West Oahu CaneFires until 2008.

In 1973, the City and County of Honolulu and the State of Hawai'i purchased 40 acres (160,000 m2) opposite the Waipahu sugar mill to establish the Waipahu Cultural and Garden Park. The park is known today as the Hawai'i Plantation Village.[5] Hawai'i Plantation Village is a living history museum located in Waipahu.

In 1997, the Governor of Hawaii, Benjamin J. Cayetano, proclaimed the months of June 1997 through November 1997 to be Waipahu Centennial Celebration Months. Many activities and events were held to celebrate the Waipahu Centennial.[4]

Waipahu is the home to the 2008 Little League World Series champions from Waipi'o Little League. They defeated Matamoros, Mexico 12–3 in the final game on August 24, 2008. On August 28, 2010, that same team won the U.S. championship of the Little League World Series, defeating the team from Pearland, Texas, but lost to Edogawa Minami LL of Tokyo on August 29, 2010, in the international championship.


Rainbow over Waipahu '58 Farrington Hwy
Rainbow over Waipahu. Farrington Hwy, 1958

Waipahu is located along the northern shore of both Middle Loch and West Loch of Pearl Harbor. Both Interstate H-1 and Farrington Highway (Hawaii Route 90) run east–west through the length of Waipahu. The neighboring areas of Waipio, Village Park, Royal Kunia and Waikele use Waipahu as their postal city, and are often considered to be part of Waipahu.

Waikele is located across the H1 freeway north of Waipahu. Waikele consists of newer subdivisions and an upscale outlet shopping center and world-famous golf course. To the west via either roadway can be reached Makakilo and Kapolei, with the Leeward coast beyond. To the east lie Pearl City and the H-2 interchange to Waipiʻo. At the western end of Waipahu is Kunia Road (State Rte. 750) which leads to the Waipahu newer growth areas of Royal Kunia and Village Park north of H-1, and eventually on up across the central plain to Kunia and Schofield Barracks, Wheeler Army Airfield, and Wahiawā. Kunia Road becomes Fort Weaver Road (State Rte. 76) south of Farrington Highway, and goes south through Honouliuli and ʻEwa Villages to ʻEwa Beach.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.2 km2), all of it land.[14]


As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 33,108 people, 7,566 households, and 6,431 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 12,882.8 people per square mile (4,974.0/km²). There were 8,033 housing units at an average density of 3,125.7 per square mile (1,206.8/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 4.73% White, 0.93% African American, 0.14% Native American, 67.1% Asian (55.5% Filipino), 12.31% Pacific Islander, 0.86% from other races, and 15.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.09% of the population.

Wood Burned souvenir from Waipahu, Hawaii
Souvenir miniature wooden boat from Waipahu

There were 7,566 households out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 18.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.0% were non-families. 11.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.23 and the average family size was 4.37.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $49,444, and the median income for a family was $51,855. Males had a median income of $28,295 versus $23,818 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $14,484. About 10.6% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.0% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.

The total number of Civilian Veterans in Waipahu is 2,376, or 9.8 percent of the total population (National average is 12.70%).[16]

In 2000, there were 8,230 people in Waipahu listed as disabled.[17]

At the time of the last survey, 14,458 people in Waipahu had a high school diploma, approximately 68.6% of the population (compared to the national average of 80.40%).[18]

2,349 people in Waipahu also had a bachelor's degree or higher, which equates to approximately 11.1% of the total population (National average was 24.40%).[19]

Government and infrastructure

Waipahu Post Office 1959
Waipahu Post Office, 1959

The United States Postal Service operates the Waipahu Post Office in Waipahu.[20]

The Hawaii Department of Public Safety operates the Waiawa Correctional Facility in an area near Waipahu.[21][22]


The Hawaii Department of Education operates public schools.

Waipahu contains two (high) school districts, with some students attending Waipahu High School while others attend Pearl City High School. Elementary schools in the CDP include August Ahrens, Honowai, Waikele, Kale'iopu'u, and Waipahu. Waipahu Intermediate School and Waipahu High School are in the CDP.[22]

Hawaii's Plantation Village

The Hawaii Plantation Village currently serves as an outdoor museum that showcases the lifestyles and experiences of Hawaii's plantation workers.

The museum opened its doors on September 20, 1992, displaying original structures and replica homes of the multiethnic groups who came to Hawaii between the mid-1800s and the 1940s to work as plantation laborers.

Guided tours are conducted at the start of each hour, Monday through Saturday from 10:00 a.m. - 2:00 pm.[23]

Notable residents

  • Danny Barcelona, drummer in Louis Armstrong's All-Star Band, born in Waipahu.
  • Kirk Caldwell, American politician, Mayor of Honolulu, born in Waipahu
  • Timmy Chang, American professional football player for the Arizona Cardinals, Detroit Lions, and Philadelphia Eagles, current NCAA coach, born in Waipahu.
  • Edward Snowden, computer professional, former CIA employee and NSA contractor famous for leaking classified information regarding surveillance programs run by U.S. intelligence agencies.[24]
  • Brian Viloria, American professional boxer, former WBA and WBO unified flyweight champion, former WBC and IBF light flyweight champion.
  • Jerome Williams, American professional baseball pitcher for the Philadelphia Phillies, 1999 graduate of Waipahu High School.
  • Waipahu Boxing Club [6], established in 1940’s founded by boxing's Hall of Fame (2009) Coach Al “Quick” Silva who wanted to get the kids off the street and into the sport of boxing. After several World Champions (Jesus Salud, Andy Ganigan and Brian Viloria had their start here) Silva continued coaching at Waipahu Boxing up until his passing at age 94. Noted for: 5 Ringside National Championships, 3 PAL National Championships, 5 Title National Championships, 3 Jr. Golden Gloves National Championships, USA World Team Open Championship, AIBA International Tournament Silver Medal, Hawaii Golden Gloves Championship


  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Waipahu CDP, Hawaii". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 31, 2012.
  2. ^ a b Michael T. Yamamoto, Nina Yuriko (Ota) Sylva, Karen N. Yamamoto, Waipahu...Recollections from a Sugar Plantation Community in Hawaii, 2005. Albuquerque: Innoventions
  3. ^ Sterling, Elspeth P.; Summers, Catherine C. (1993). Sites of Oahu. Honolulu, HI: Bishop Museum Press. p. 25. ISBN 0-910240-73-6.
  4. ^ a b c Waipahu Centennial 1879–1997, 1997. Waipahu Centennial Committee
  5. ^ a b c Dorrance, William, Sugar Islands: The 165-Year Story of Sugar in Hawai'i, 2001, Honolulu, Mutual Publishing
  6. ^ [1], Hawaii Sugar Planters' Association Archives, retrieved on October 30, 2011
  7. ^ [2], "One Sweet Century", retrieved on October 30, 2011
  8. ^ [3], Labor Migration in Hawaii, retrieved on October 30, 2011
  9. ^ [4], "Firm-Specific Evidence on Racial Wage Differentials and Workforce Segregation in Hawaii's Sugar Industry", retrieved on October 30, 2011
  10. ^ "The History Behind Waipahu," Hawaii Realty International website, http://www.hawaiis.com/real-estate-news/history-behind-waipahu/, 10 December 2011, retrieved on 27 October 2014
  11. ^ HNN Staff (December 7, 2016). "Civilians, including children, were also victims of Pearl Harbor attack". Hawaii News Now. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  12. ^ "AMFAC, Inc. - Lehman Brothers Collection". Retrieved 2018-04-22.
  13. ^ "One Sweet Century," Star Bulletin website, http://archives.starbulletin.com/97/06/12/news/story2.html, retrieved on 27, 2014
  14. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Waipahu CDP, Hawaii". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 31, 2012.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  16. ^ Waipahu, Hawaii Census Data & Community Profile, American Towns.com website, http://www.americantowns.com/hi/waipahu/info, September 17, 2014, retrieved on November 1, 2014
  17. ^ Waipahu, Hawaii Census Data & Community Profile, American Towns.com website, http://www.americantowns.com/hi/waipahu/info, September 17, 2014, retrieved November 1, 2014
  18. ^ Waipahu, Hawaii Census & Data Community Profile, American Towns.com website, http://www.americantowns.com/hi/waipahu/info, September 17, 2014, retrieved November 1, 2014
  19. ^ Waipahu, Hawaii Census & Data Community Profile, American Towns.com website, http://www.americantowns.com/hi/waipahu/info, September 17, 2014, retrieved, November 1, 2014
  20. ^ "Post Office Location - WAIPAHU." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 19, 2010.
  21. ^ "Waiawa Correctional Facility." Hawaii Department of Public Safety. Retrieved on May 21, 2010.
  22. ^ a b "Waipahu CDP, Hawaii." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
  23. ^ [5], Hawaii's Plantation Village info site, retrieved on October 30, 2011
  24. ^ Roig, Suzanne. "Hawaii neighbors knew little of Snowden" USA Today, June 10, 2013

External links

2010 Little League World Series

The 2010 Little League World Series was held in South Williamsport, Pennsylvania. It began on August 20 and ended on August 29. Eight teams from the United States and eight from throughout the world competed in the 64th edition of this tournament. In the championship game, the international champions from Tokyo, Japan, defeated the United States champions out of Waipahu, Hawaii. It was the seventh LLWS championship for Japan overall, and the first since 2003.

Activision released a video game in advance of the event, Little League World Series Baseball 2010.

Daniel J. Kihano

Daniel James "Danny" Kihano (March 16, 1933 – January 26, 2000) was an American businessman and politician.

Born in Waipahu, Hawaii, Kihano went to Waipahu High School and Honolulu Business College. He also went to Leeward Community College. Kihano owned Danny Kihano Insurance Agency. From 1970 to 1992, Kihano served in the Hawaii House of Representatives and was a Democrat. He served as speaker of the house in 1987, 1989, and 1991. In 1997, Kihano was convicted in the United States District of wire and mail fraud, and money laundering. However, Kihano was ordered released from federal prison in May 1999 because of poor health. Kihano died in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Dustin Kimura

Dustin Kimura (born May 21, 1989) is an American mixed martial artist, who formerly competed in the Bantamweight division of the Ultimate Fighting Championship.

Harry Tsuchidana

Harry Suyemi Tsuchidana (born 1932) is an American abstract painter. He was born in Waipahu, Hawaii to parents who owned a two-acre farm. Tsuchidana enlisted in the United States Marine Corps upon graduation from high school in 1952. When discharged from the Marines in 1955, he enrolled in the Corcoran School of Art (Washington, D. C.). He then moved to New York City, where he studied at the Brooklyn Museum Art School, and at the Pratt Contemporary Graphic Arts Center in New York City. While enrolled in classes, he worked as a guard and custodian at the Corcoran Gallery of Art and as a night watchman at the Museum of Modern Art. In 1959, he received a John Hay Whitney Fellowship.Although best known as an abstract painter, Tsuchidana made significant forays into printmaking and photography. He is best known for his drawings and prints in which the entire surface of the paper is covered with monochromatic lines of varying thicknesses, and for his Stage Series. Topographic Landscape is an example of the former. The Stage Series consists of paintings with a single horizontal line and varying numbers of vertical lines that connect the horizontal line with the top or bottom edge of the painting. Unlike his monochromatic drawings and prints, a myriad of color combinations have kept the artist occupied with this series, which is both geometric and minimalist, for over forty years. ''Untitled, Red and Gray from 1982 is an example of this series. The Free Library of Philadelphia, the Hawaii State Art Museum, the Honolulu Museum of Art, and the Museum of Friends (Walsenburg, Colorado) are among the public collections holding work by Harry Tsuchidana.

Hawaii Technology Academy

Hawaii Technology Academy (HTA) is a public charter school located in the state of Hawaii.

Hawaii Winter Baseball

Hawaii Winter Baseball (HWB), based in Honolulu, Hawaii, was a professional baseball league located on the Hawaiian islands. It was loosely affiliated with Major League Baseball (MLB).


KDDB (102.7 FM), also known as 102.7 Da Bomb, is a Top 40/CHR station licensed to Waipahu, Hawaii and serves the Honolulu radio market. The Pacific Media Group station is known as "102.7 Da Bomb". It is currently one of three CHR/Top 40 outlets in Hawaii, and one of two CHR outlets in the Honolulu market, the competition being only one is KPHW. It also transmits on Oceanic Spectrum digital channel 854 for the entire state of Hawaii. The station's studios are located in downtown Honolulu and its transmitter is located near Akupu.


KKNE (940 AM) is a radio station licensed to Waipahu, Hawaii and located in the Honolulu, Hawaii radio market, broadcasting with a power of 10,000 watts. The station's format is hybrid of traditional Hawaiian music and talk/information geared towards an audience adults of Native Hawaiian descent. The station is owned by SummitMedia. The station's studios are located in Downtown Honolulu and its transmitter is located near Kunia Camp. It is also featured on Oceanic Time Warner Cable digital channel 856 for the entire state of Hawaii. It was originally on 920 kHz and moved to 940 kHz in 1962.

A unique feature of KKNE is a greeting and current time given in Hawaiian and English along with the station identification at the top and bottom of each hour (at :00 and :30 past the hour), with a steel guitar playing as background music.


KSSK-FM (92.3 MHz) is a commercial radio station licensed to Waipahu, Hawaii, and serving the Honolulu media market. It is simulcast on AM 590 kHz KSSK, which is licensed to Honolulu. KSSK-AM-FM are owned by iHeartMedia, Inc. and the stations air an adult contemporary radio format. The stations' studios are located in the Kalihi neighborhood of Honolulu, the KSSK-AM transmitter is located a mile from the studios, and the KSSK-FM transmitter is near Akupu, Hawaii. Like other iHeartMedia adult contemporary stations in many markets, KSSK-AM-FM play all Christmas music beginning each year in mid-November, returning to its normal format on December 26.

The stations are home to the popular "Perry & the Posse" morning show. They are also heard on Oceanic Time Warner Cable digital channel 867 for the entire state of Hawaii, via the DishHD satellite TV service in Taiwan, and also USEN's Sound Planet satellite radio service in Japan.The stations use the slogan, "Hawaii's Favorite." Nielsen consistently ranks KSSK-AM-FM as Honolulu's most listened-to radio station. KSSK's jingle melody was adapted from that of WPLJ in New York City. KSSK-AM-FM used WPLJ's jingle packages until TM Century created a jingle package for KSSK, known as "Big Time Honolulu."

KSSK is Hawaii's AM primary entry point station for the Emergency Alert System, with KRTR-FM providing PEP capabilities on FM.

Lanakila Baptist High School

Lanakila Baptist School, a ministry of Lanakila Baptist Church in Waipahu, Hawaii, is a college-preparatory private school located at 91-1219 Renton Road in 'Ewa Beach, Hawaii, 16 miles away from downtown Honolulu. It serves grades seven through twelve and has a current enrollment of about 70 students. The student population is ethnically diverse and includes Filipinos, Caucasians, part-Hawaiians, Japanese, Hispanics, Indo-Chinese, Chinese, Samoans, and African-Americans.

Lanakila Baptist High School, being a division of Lanakila Baptist Schools, is an educational ministry of and subservient to Lanakila Baptist Church of Waipahu.

North Shore Honu

The North Shore Honu were a minor league baseball team in the Hawaii Winter Baseball league. They were based in Waipahu, Hawaii. The name honu is the Hawaiian word for sea turtle. They played their home games at the Hans L'Orange Field.

Ray Cooper (fighter)

Raynald "Ray" Cooper Jr. is an American retired mixed martial artist. During his career, he holds notable upset victories over Jake Shields, Antonio McKee, and Hermes Franca. A professional competitor for promotions in his native Hawaii and Shooto from 1997 until 2008. His son, Ray Cooper III, is also a professional fighter.

Ray Cooper III

Raynald "Ray" Cooper III (born February 7, 1993) is an American mixed martial artist currently competing in the Welterweight division of the Professional Fighters League. A professional competitor since 2012, he has also competed for King of the Cage.

Resurrection of the Lord Catholic Church (Waipahu, Hawaii)

Resurrection of the Lord Catholic Church in Waipahu is a parish of the Roman Catholic Church of Hawaii in the United States. Located in Waipahu on the island of Oahu, the church falls under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Honolulu and its bishop.

Seafood City

Seafood City is a Filipino supermarket chain headquartered in Pomona, California, with United States branches in California, Hawaii, Illinois, Nevada, and Washington, and a location in Ontario, Canada.

Seafood City Supermarket specializes in Filipino food and products and offers a wide selection of imported Asian goods as well as American staples. As its name suggests, Seafood City provides fresh seafood, as well as meat and produce. In some of its locations, it acts as a marketplace and serves as an anchor to Filipino businesses such as Chowking, Red Ribbon, Jollibee, and Tokyo Tokyo. In other locations, Seafood City also features locally owned Filipino video rental stores, immigration offices, travel agencies, and restaurants.

Seafood City opened its first store in National CIty, California in 1989. It has since expanded to 21 stores in California, with a concentration in the Greater Los Angeles Area, San Diego County, and Northern California. Further expansion has led the company to open markets in the Las Vegas, Nevada area, Seattle (Tukwila, Washington), Chicago, Illinois, and Waipahu, Hawaii.

Waikele, Hawaii

Waikele is a census-designated place (CDP) in Honolulu County, Hawaii, United States. As of the 2010 Census, the CDP population was 7,479. Residents use Waipahu, Hawaii for their postal city.

Waipi‘o Peninsula Soccer Stadium

Waipi‘o Peninsula Soccer Stadium is a 4,500 seat soccer-specific stadium located on the grounds of the Waipio Soccer Complex in Waipahu, Hawaiʻi. WPSS also boasts two main locker rooms, two training rooms, concession booths and administrative offices.

The stadium is used by the University of Hawaiʻi Rainbow Wahine (women's) soccer team, along with several senior and junior local teams from the island of Oʻahu.Outside of the stadium, the complex features 23 FIFA regulation soccer pitches.

Wakamiya Inari Shrine

Wakamiya Inari Shrine at Waipahu Cultural Garden in Waipahu, Hawaiʻi, is the last surviving example of Inari Shrine architecture on Oʻahu. Unlike most Shinto shrines, which are unpainted, those dedicated to the fox deity Inari, the god of the harvest, are painted bright red. This shrine thus represents not just the religious heritage of Japanese immigrants to Hawaiʻi, but also their principal early roles as agricultural laborers on sugarcane and pineapple plantations. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on 8 January 1980.The simple wood frame building measures 19 by 26 feet, with wooden steps leading up to a raised floor with a balustraded verandah that wraps around the sanctuary. Long eaves of the irimoya (hip-and-gable) roof extend over both the front steps and the verandah. The sanctuary is enclosed by sliding doors with latticework tops and contains an inner altar behind a bell rope and a box for offerings. The building has been carefully restored but still lacks the chigi (forked finials) above the ornamental ridgepole.The shrine was founded by Reverend Yoshio Akizaki, a Shinto priest who had studied in Tokyo in 1912. Originally built in 1914 in Honolulu's industrial area of Kakaʻako by a Japanese architect known only as Haschun, it was relocated in 1918 to 2132 South King Street in Moʻiliʻili, the heart of the city's Japanese community. After the death of the founder in 1951, his son Takeo inherited both the property and the priesthood. After Takeo's death, the property was sold and the shrine was relocated to Waipahu Cultural Garden in 1979 to make way for a sporting goods store.The relocated shrine is in a rural rather than urban setting and the surrounding garden lacks several of its original elements, including its water purification basin (chōzuya or temizuya), its paired stone images of guardian lions and fox deities, and its original torii, although a new torii has been reconstructed at the new site. For its 100th anniversary in 2014, it received a new roof and won a Historic Preservation Honor Award.

West Oahu CaneFires

The West Oahu CaneFires were a minor league baseball team in the Hawaii Winter Baseball league. They were based in Waipahu, Hawaii. The name CaneFires is derived from the burning of sugar cane before harvest on many plantations on the island of Oahu. They played their home games at Hans L'Orange Field.

The CaneFires began as the Kauai Emeralds, but changed their name when they moved to Oahu in 1995.

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Islands, municipalities, and communities of Honolulu County, Hawaii, United States


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