Wainganga River

Wainganga (IAST: Wainagaṅgā) is a river in India, originating about 12 km (7.5 mi) from the Sundara village of the Seoni district, on the southern slopes of the Satpura Range of Madhya Pradesh. The river flows south through the states of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, in a very winding course of roughly 579 km (360 mi). After joining the Wardha, the united stream (known as the Pranahita) empties into the Godavari River at Kaleshwaram, Telangana.

The river has developed extensive floodplains characterized by sweeping graceful meanders, low alluvial flats, and meander terraces. The river has high banks which measure from 10 m (33 ft) to 15 m (49 ft) on either side. The northern part is covered by Mahadeo hills and Satpura ranges, with an average elevation 625 m above sea level. The valley of the Wainganga River is forested and sparsely populated.

The Wainganga river receives numerous tributaries on both sides and drains the western, central and eastern regions of the Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh, Chandrapur, Gadchiroli, Bhandara, Gondia and Nagpur districts of Maharashtra. The main tributaries of the Wainganga river are the Thel, Thanwar, Bagh, Chulband, Garhavi, Khobragadi, and Kathani which meet on the left bank, and the Hirri, Chandan, Bawanthari, Kanhan and Mul joining the right bank. One of the major dams on this river is at Bheemgarh in Seoni district.

Wainganga River
River
Old Bridge on Wainganga River in Bhandara City- 2014-06-18 13-50.jpeg
Wainganga River in Bhandara City
Country India
States Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra
Tributaries
 - left Thanwar River, Nahara River, Sonbiri River, Bagh River, Chulband River, Gadhavi River, Triveni River, Kathani River
 - right Hirri River, Sarrati River, Chandan River, Bawanthari River, Sur River, Kanhan River, Andhari River
Cities Seoni, Balaghat, Bhandara
Source Mundara
 - location Seoni District, Madhya Pradesh
 - elevation 1,048 m (3,438 ft)
 - coordinates 21°57′N 79°34′E / 21.950°N 79.567°E
Mouth Pranahita River
 - location Adilabad district, Gadchiroli District, border of the 2 districts
 - elevation 146 m (479 ft)
 - coordinates 19°35′24″N 79°47′59″E / 19.59000°N 79.79972°ECoordinates: 19°35′24″N 79°47′59″E / 19.59000°N 79.79972°E
Length 569 km (354 mi)
Basin 43,658 km2 (16,856 sq mi)

Name

Wainganga means “Arrow of Water” in Hindi. It is suspected that it originates from the names of the goddesses Ganga and Venu, or possibly from Benu, a king from Damoh during the Puranic times[1].

Cities on the river bank

Balaghat and Bhandara are the major cities located on the bank of the Wainganga River, while Pauni and Desaiganj are smaller urban centers on the smallest of the river banks. The Government of Maharashtra is developing a protection wall for Bhandara to protect it from heavy flooding. The flood protection bund encircles Bhandara from east to south. Wainganga River is the water lifeline of these cities and their primary source of water.

Water transportation

The river is used for shipping both goods and passengers under the National Waterways Project (NAWAD). The first river port is likely to have been established in Bhandara City.[2]

Tributaries of the Wainganga

Wainganga river beauty

Thanwar

This river joins Wainganga at Nainpur forest Range, at the border of Seoni & Mandla district, well before the Dhuty Dam on Wainganga. The Thanwar originates from the forest of Chiraidongri in the Mandla district. There is a medium-sized dam at the village of Bejegaon, on the bank of this Tributary which opened in 1980. River water stored in a dam is used to irrigate farmland of 50 villages. The Halon river[3], Chakor river (Catchment from Nainpur forest Range) are some of the well-known tributaries to this small fully utilized river. Geographically this river misses few miles to become Narmada first Major tributary due to a Satpura foothill. Main town on this Tributary is Nainpur and Pindrai. The river was in recreational use since ancient time as it was in the route of pilgrimage from South to North India & Village Jhulpur,[4] at the bank of this river, was a stoppage and temple town.The major bridge over the river is at town Pindrai by Indian Railway ( Jabalpur- Gondia rail track).

Kathani

Originating in the Dhanora Pendhri Hills and joins Wainganga near Gadchiroli city.

Hirri

Originating in the Moondapar (Seoni) and flowing by Jeonara. Joins Wainganga near Dhooty.

Chandan

An important river of the Balaghat district; flows in the most important tehsil Waraseoni. Nahalesara dam and also Rampayali's temple is located here.

Bawanthadi

Another important river originating from Sitekasa dividing Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra near Mowad and Bonkatta. Bawanthadi joins Wainganga near Mowad(Madhya Pradesh).

Kanhan

Kanhan is Wainganga's longest tributary, at 275  km. It rises in the southern spurs of the Satpura Range in the north-western region of Chindwara District.

Literature

Wainganga River was used in "The Jungle Book" and "The Second Jungle Book" (1894 - 1895) by Rudyard Kipling, featuring in the Mowgli stories. It is the primary source of water for all the people of the jungle, the location of the Peace Rock, the the place where Shere Khan vows to place Mowgli's bones once he has killed him. It is also the final battleground in the "Red Dog", another Kipling story. The Disney interpretation of Kipling's novel as an animated film showed Mowgli and the other jungle characters moving around in lush tropical rain forests. In reality, the area around the Wainganga is not actually a rainforest. It is dry and dusty.

The forests of the Kanha National Park built around the Wainganga do have tiger, leopard, and bear populations though. The Mowgli was found at Amodagarh, which is very near to the Wainganga river on its tributary. The official website page of Seoni district believes that the Mowgli was found at Amodagarh (Amodhgarh in Hindi). The Amodagarh still has dense forest. Although it cannot be categorized as a rainforest, it still remains green, as the forest is a very good catchment area for the river at high altitude. There would have been a very high density of forest in 1894, given the current level of forest seen at Amodagarh. Wainganga river gets a sizable amount of water from this area directly and also through its tributaries.[5]

References

  1. ^ "Wainganga River".
  2. ^ "Vainganga to get the firstever inland water transport project: Gadkari- Times of india". Times Of India. Retrieved 2016-01-29.
  3. ^ "Web page of Govt. Of India Website:india-wris.nrsc.gov.in"
  4. ^ "Govt. Museum at Mandla District"
  5. ^ "Tourist Place". Seoni.

External links

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