Wainganga River

Wainganga (IAST: Wainagaṅgā) is a river in India, originating in the Mahadeo Hills in Mundara near village Gopalganj in Seoni Madhya Pradesh. It is a tributary of the Godavari River. The river flows south in a winding course through the states of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, roughly 579 km (360 mi). After joining the Wardha River, the united stream, which is known as the Pranahita River, empties into the Godavari River at Kaleshwaram, Telangana.

Wainganga River
Old Bridge on Wainganga River in Bhandara City- 2014-06-18 13-50.jpeg
Wainganga River in Bhandara City
Location
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh, Maharashtra
CitiesSeoni, Balaghat, Bhandara
Physical characteristics
SourceMundara
 - locationMUNDARA, Seoni District, Madhya Pradesh
 - coordinates21°57′N 79°34′E / 21.950°N 79.567°E
 - elevation1,048 m (3,438 ft)
MouthPranahita River
 - location
Adilabad district, Gadchiroli District, border of the 2 districts
 - coordinates
19°35′24″N 79°47′59″E / 19.59000°N 79.79972°ECoordinates: 19°35′24″N 79°47′59″E / 19.59000°N 79.79972°E
 - elevation
146 m (479 ft)
Length569 km (354 mi)
Basin size43,658 km2 (16,856 sq mi)
Basin features
Tributaries 
 - leftThanwar River, Nahara River, Sonbiri River, Bagh River, Chulband River, Gadhavi River, Triveni River, Kathani River
 - rightHirri River, Sarrati River, Chandan River, Bawanthari River, Sur River, Kanhan River, Andhari River

Course

The main stream of the Wainhanga originates at Mundara, Seoni District,[1] on the southern slopes of the Satpura Range of Madhya Pradesh.

The river has developed extensive floodplains characterized by sweeping graceful meanders, low alluvial flats, and slip-off slopes. The river has high banks, which measure from 10 m (33 ft) to 15 m (49 ft) on either side. The northern part is surrounded by the Mahadeo hills and Satpura Range, with an average elevation of 625 m (2,051 ft) above sea level. The valley of the Wainganga River is forested and sparsely populated.

Balaghat and Bhandara are the major cities located on the bank of the Wainganga River, while Pauni and Desaiganj are smaller urban centers on the smallest of the river banks. The Wainganga River is the water lifeline of these cities and their primary source of water. The Government of Maharashtra is developing a protection wall for Bhandara to protect it from heavy flooding. This flood protection wall encircles Bhandara from east to south.

Tributaries

The Wainganga river receives numerous tributaries on both sides and drains the western, central, and eastern regions of the Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh, Chandrapur, Gadchiroli, Bhandara, Gondia, and Nagpur Districts of Maharashtra. The main tributaries of the Wainganga River are the Thel, Thanwar, Bagh, Chulband, Garhavi, Khobragadi, and Kathani, which meet on the left bank; and the Hirri, Chandan, Bawanthari, Kanhan, and Mul joining on the right bank.

Thanwar

The Thanwar River joins the Wainganga at the Nainpur Forest Range, at the border of the Seoni District and Mandla District, before the Dhuty Dam on the Wainganga. It originates from the forest of Chiraidongri in the Mandla District. There is a medium-sized dam at the village of Bejegaon on the bank of this river, which opened in 1980. River water stored in the dam is used to irrigate the farmland of 50 villages. The Halon River[2] and the Chakor River (catchment from Nainpur Forest Range) are some of the well-known tributaries to this small, fully utilized river. Geographically, this river misses a few miles due to a Satpura foothill to become the Narmada's first major tributary. The main towns on this tributary are Nainpur and Pindrai. The river has been in recreational use since ancient times, as it was on the route of pilgrimage from South to North India. The village Jhulpur,[3] on the bank of this river, was a stoppage and temple town. The major bridge over the river is at the town Pindrai by Indian Railway (Jabalpur-Gondia rail track).

Kathani

The Kathani River originates in the Pendhri Hills at Dhanora and joins Wainganga near Gadchiroli city.

Hirri

The Hirri River originates in Moondapar, Seoni District and flows through Jeonara. It joins Wainganga near the Dhuty Dam.

Chandan

Main article: Chandan River

The Chandan River is an important river of the Balaghat District. It flows through Waraseoni. The Nahalesara dam is built upon the Chandan River. One of the major features along the river is the Rampayali's temple.

Bawanthadi

The Bawanthadi River is an important river which originates in the Kurai plateau of Seoni District in Madhya Pradesh.[4] It divides Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra near Mowad and Bonkatta. The Bawanthadi River joins Wainganga after flowing 48 km[4] south, near Mowad, Maharashtra.There is a middle size dam over this river which irrigate farm lands of M.P. and Maharastra.

Kanhan

Main article: Kanhan River

The Kanhan River is Wainganga's longest tributary, at 275 km (171 mi). It rises in the hills at the southern edge of the Satpura Range in the north-western region of Chhindwara District.[1]

River modifications

By 2012, there were about 149 dams built in the Wainganga basin.[5] Gose Khurd Dam on Wainganga River is being built by the Water Resources Department (WRD) of the Government of Maharashtra. One of the major features along the river is the Bheemgarh Dam (the biggest mud dam in Asia), which is located in the Seoni District.

Economy

The river is used for shipping both goods and passengers under the National Waterways Project (NAWAD). The first river port is likely to have been established in Bhandara City.[6]

Wainganga river beauty

Literature

Wainganga River was used in The Jungle Book and The Second Jungle Book (1894- 1895) by Rudyard Kipling, featuring in the "Mowgli stories." In the books, it is the primary source of water for all the people of the jungle, the location of the "Peace Rock," and the place where Shere Khan vows to place Mowgli's bones once he has killed him. It is also the final battleground in the "Red Dog," written by Kipling. The forests of the Kanha National Park, which grew around the Wainganga, have tiger, leopard, and bear populations, as featured in Kipling's stories. Some believe that Mowgli was found at Amodagadh in the Seoni District.[7][8]

The Disney interpretation of Kipling's novel as an animated film showed Mowgli and the other jungle characters moving around in lush tropical rain forests. In reality, the area around the Wainganga is not actually a rainforest.

References

  1. ^ a b GoPract.com. "Geography: Rivers of Maharashtra". Retrieved 2018-08-06.
  2. ^ "Web page of Govt. Of India Website:india-wris.nrsc.gov.in"
  3. ^ "Govt. Museum at Mandla District"
  4. ^ a b "Bawanthadi River in India". Retrieved 2018-08-06.
  5. ^ "Wainganga River: Threatened lifeline of Vidarbha's Forests". SANDRP. 2017-04-14. Retrieved 2018-08-06.
  6. ^ "Vainganga to get the firstever inland water transport project: Gadkari- Times of india". Times Of India. Retrieved 2016-01-29.
  7. ^ "Tourist Place". Seoni.
  8. ^ "Did Seoni have a real Mowgli? - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-08-13.

[1]

External links

  1. ^ Vikalp, Ganvir (6 August 2016). "Wainganga river in balaghat". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
Armori (Maharashtra)

Armori is a town and municipal council a tehsil in the Gadchiroli district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

It is located on the left banks of the Wainganga River, a tributary of the Pranahita River which meets the Godavari River.

Balaghat

Balaghat is a city and a municipality in Balaghat district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Balaghat District. Wainganga River flows beside the town.

Bandol seoni

Bandol Panchayat (Hindi: सिवनी) बंडोल is a city and municipality in the Seoni district of Madhya Pradesh State, India. It belongs to the Jabalpur Division. Bandol is located 16 kilometres north of National Highway No. 7. The village is the geographic area of 706.95 hectares, mostly a large gram panchayat. The Wainganga river flows 2 kilometres west of Bandol village .

Medical facility - government public health centre situated at bakhari road Bandol

And in main road there is a private clinic of DR MAYANK TIWARI.

Bheemgarh Dam

Bheemgarh dam or Bhimgarh, officially the Upper Wainganga (Sanjay Sarovar) Dam, is built across the Wainganga river in Chhapara tehsil of Seoni district of Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.The structure is 3,871 m long.The Bhimgarh Sanjay Sarovar Dam is located 43 km away from the Seoni. It is bounded by mountains from all sides.In recent years, the reservoir has failed to fill.

Chamorshi

Chamorshi is a town and a tehsil in Gadchiroli district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

It is located near the left bank of the Wainganga River, a tributary of the Pranahita River which meets the Godavari River. It is famous for the ancient historic temple of god Markandeshwar which is located at village Markanda. Temple is situated at the bank of the Wainganga river, which flows generally from North to South but at Markanda it takes Northward turn for 20 km before again going Southward.

Dhuty Dam

Dhuty Dam, officially the Dhuti Weir, is a diversion head work over Wainganga River near Lamta in Balaghat district of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The dam was built in 1923 under the supervision of the British civil engineer Sir George Moss Harriot. There are two canals on the sides of the dam. The canal on the eastern side provides irrigation to Lamta, the one on the western side to Lalbarra.

The structure spans 2003 meters and is 11.8 m high.

Ganeshpur, Bhandara

Ganeshpur pronunciation (Marathi: गणेशपूर); previously known as Shanichari pronunciation (Marathi: शनिचरी) is a census town in Bhandara district in the state of Maharashtra, India. It is situated near of Wainganga River. The town is attached to the Bhandara City. The National Highway 6 indicates the border of Ganeshpur. It is a Marathi-speaking town. The name Ganeshpur is indicate god Ganapati name. The caste mostly found in town is don baili teli and koshti also and other in less proportion. The whole administration of ganeshpur is handled by Gram panchayat.

Garra, Balaghat

This article is about a village in Balaghat district.

Garra is an area or village in the Balaghat district of India. It is located 4.5 km east of the city of Balaghat, on the banks of the Wainganga river and has a population of 866 families (4097 people)[http://www.census2011.co.in/data/village/497437-garra-madhya-pradesh.html]. Garra is a hiding spot for killers going to bigger cities like Bhopal, Jabalpur, Indore, etc. Garra is known for its poha, known as "Garra-Poha" a dish made from Flattened rice. The Garra Railway Station serves the Diesel multiple unit (DEMU) train which travels between Katangi and Gondia. Garra is also known for its textile (English kavelu) industries.

The Garra Botanical Garden is a popular local picnic spot, situated near the Wainganga river.

Gose Khurd Dam

Gose Khurd Dam, (Marathi: गोसे खुर्द धरण) is an earthfill dam on the Wainganga River near Pauni in Bhandara district in state of Maharashtra in India. The dam consists of 33 Nos of spillway gates to regulate irrigation water into the river throughout the year.

The height of the dam above lowest foundation is 22.5 m (74 ft) while the length is 1,135 m (3,724 ft). The dam volume content is 3.83 million m3 and gross water storage capacity is 1,146 million m3. Its purpose is irrigation.

Kanhan River

The Kanhan River is an important right bank tributary of the Wainganga River draining a large area lying south of Satpura range in central India. Along its 275 km run through the Indian States of Maharashtra & Madhya Pradesh, it receives its largest tributary - Pench River, a major water source for the metropolis of Nagpur.

Kanhan was surprisingly not mentioned in the 2001 list of notified rivers in Maharashtra which has led to unrestricted exploitation in the form of sand mining along the river bed. This failure to recognise its presence has been viewed as a deliberate attempt at unregulated economic gains.The catchment area has also seen large scale coal mining in recent years. Efforts are currently underway to notify the river to prevent further environmental damage.This has been undermined by plans for construction of a barrage. The river was perennial until a few decades ago, but now goes dry by February every year.

Lalbarra

Lalbarra, alternatively Lalburra tehsil, is a tehsil (sub-district) of Balaghat district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is located on State Highway 26, on the edge of Pench National Park. Its Postal Index Number is 481441.

Markanda Mahadev, Chamorshi

Markanda Mahadev Temple Complex is situated at the River banks of Wainganga River near Chamorshi town in Gadchiroli District of Maharashtra. This 8th Century CE (1200 years old) Temple Complex is called as Mini Khajuraho. Such is the beauty of this temple complex which manufacturing in that time. The village is Marakand Deo which is nearest village.Greatest and oldest temple in this area.

Maru river (Wainganga basin)

Maru river (Marathi: मारू नदी) is a minor river of eastern Vidarbha flowing through Nagpur and Bhandara districts. It flows near Bhiwapur forming a boundary between Nagpur and Bhandara districts for a short distance. Further, it flows to the east of Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary and discharges itself into Gose Khurd Dam on Wainganga river. Maru is a seasonal river running dry in hot seasons, but flows good during monsoon.

It is said that alluvial gold mining is practiced in the basin of Maru river by the locals of Bhiwapur.

Por River

Por river (Marathi: पोर नदी) is a minor river in Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra. It is a minor tributary of Wainganga river and falls into it near Chamorshi.

Pranhita River

Pranhita is the largest tributary of Godavari River covering about 34% of its drainage basin conveying the combined waters of the Penganga River, Wardha River and Wainganga River.By virtue of its extensive network of tributaries, the river drains all of Vidarbha region in Maharashtra as well as the southern slopes of the Satpura Ranges. It flows along the border of Gadchiroli district in Maharashtra and Adilabad district in Telangana. The Pranhita sub-basin is the 7th largest in India, measuring about 1,09,078 km2 making it larger than the individual basins of significant rivers like the Narmada and Cauvery.

Tumsar

Tumsar is a town in the Bhandara district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

Tumsar is a city and municipal council in Bhandara district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The city's name comes from a fish, "Tum", that was discovered in lakes of the area.

Tumsar is approximately 6 km from the Wainganga River, 30 km from Bhandara, 95 km From Nagpur, 65 km from Gondia and 300 km from Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh). It is 700 km from Bhopal, 920 km from Delhi, 1000 km from Kolkata and 980 km from Mumbai and Indore.The town has several lakes. Tumsar once had a severe drinking water crisis, but later drinking water from the Vainganga was directed to the town.

Umred Pauni Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary

Umred-Pauni-Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary, about 58 km from Nagpur and 60 km from Bhandara, is spread over Pauni Tahsil of Bhandara district and Umred, Kuhi and Bhivapur Taluka of Nagpur district. This sanctuary has a connection with Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve through the forest along Wainganga river. The sanctuary is home to resident breeding tigers, herds of Gaur, wild dogs and rare animals like flying squirrels, pangolins and honey badgers.

It is bounded roughly by the Wainganga river and the Gose Khurd Dam on the northeast, State Highway 9 and Bhiwapur Town on the south, Umred on the west and a narrow 10 km long range of 600 – 800 m hills to the northwest. It is located 40 km north of Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve and 50 km southwest of Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary & 60 km from Nagpur, Maharashtra. Pench Tiger Reserve is 80 km to the northwest

The number of tourists is increasing because it is very close to the Umred and Nagpur city. Tigers are commonly seen here by many villages around the sanctuary.

Wainganga Superfast Express

Wainganga Express (वैनगंगा एक्सप्रेस) is a passenger train service of Indian Railways that runs twice a week between the southern city of Bangalore and mining of Korba in Chhattisgarh state. 12251 Wainganga Express departs from Bangalore's Yesvantpur railway station on Tuesdays and Fridays while on return journey 12252 Wainganga Express departs from Korba on Thursdays and Sundays. Wainganga Express runs through the states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh to cover a distance of 1614 km in 28 hours and 50 minutes at an average speed of 55 km/hr. The train is named after Wainganga River. It got LHB Coaches in December 2017.

Wardha River

The Wardha River (Varada River, is one of the biggest rivers in Vidarbha region in India. The Wardha River joins the Wainganga River south of Chamorshi and forms the Pranahita River at Adilabad District, Telangana.

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