Waders (footwear)

Waders denotes a waterproof boot extending from the foot to the chest or neck. They are traditionally made from vulcanised rubber, but available in more modern PVC, neoprene and Gore-Tex variants. Waders are generally distinguished from counterpart waterproof boots by shaft height; the hip boot extending to the thigh and the Wellington boot to the knee. For the sake of emphasis, therefore, waders are sometimes defined by the extent of their coverage as chest waders or as full-body waders. As a drysuit variant, full-body waders come with leaktight cuffs or gloves fitted to the sleeves and with a leaktight collar or hood fitted to the neck, enabling the wearer to remain dry when standing or walking in deeper water. Waders are available with boots attached or can have attached stocking feet (usually made of the wader material), to wear inside boots, or inside swimfins in the case of float tube fishing.

Cuissardes pêche
Thigh-length boot foot waders

Origin

The first manufactured waders were made as early as the 1850s by a company called Hodgman. When rubber became popular around 1912, they started making the waders out of this particularly waterproof and durable material.[1] Then rubber was more or less perfected in 1942 for World War II, so they used the same technology to make waders that are closer to what we have today.[2]

Types

Full-Body Chest-Entry Wader with Boots Gloves and Hood
Chinese-made full-body chest-entry wading suit with attached boots, gloves and hood with uncut facepiece.
Full-Body Chest-Entry Wading Suit with Socks Wristseals and Neckseal
Chinese-made full-body chest-entry wading suit with attached socks, wristseals and neckseal.

There are two main types of waders: stocking-foot and boot-foot. Stocking-foot is separate from the boot and connects to it, while boot-foot includes the boot already.[3]

Uses

Men fly fishing
Fly fishermen using chest waders to stay dry.

Waders have a wide range of applications. For leisure purposes, they are worn while angling, water gardening, playing with model boats, waterfowl hunting, and off-road riding of all-terrain vehicles. In the world of work, heavy-duty waders are used predominantly in the chemical industry, agriculture, aquaculture and in the maintenance of water supply, sewerage and other utilities. Waders are frequently worn by pastors during full-immersion baptism and they have an important application during flooding, when walking outdoors or indoors.

Trench foot is common in those who spend a lot of time in the water without proper protection. People like fly fishermen use waders because they stay in the water for hours on end, and they need the proper protection.[4]

Depending on the kind of fish that the fisherman is catching, they might not need waders. Some fish are best caught on land. But some fish are best caught when the fisherman is soaked and chest deep in the water. Waders are also essential for keeping warm during colder months, because they keep the cold water off the skin, which otherwise could cause hypothermia or other problems. However many fishermen use them even in the summer to keep dry, but waders can get hot so sometimes men wear nothing but their boxers under chest waders.

Environmental impact

Many states in the US are beginning to ban certain types of waders, specifically those with porous, felt soles. These kinds of soles easily host various types of invasive species that could be carried from one water source to another. The invasive organisms and plants pose a threat to fish stocks and important fish habitats. For example, effective March 1, 2012, most counties in Missouri ban these kinds of waders while sport fishing in fresh water.[5] And in all of Alaska, as of January 1, 2012, the same law applies.[6] In New Zealand, the use of felt-soled waders and boots for sports fishing was banned in 2008 as part of the containment measures put in place following the discovery of the invasive alga, didymo, in South Island rivers in 2004.[7]

References

  1. ^ "History of Chest Waders by ChestWaders.org. Retrieved 12/5/12".
  2. ^ "Page moved - 10rubber.htm". www.mongabay.com. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
  3. ^ Bootfoot or stocking foot waders? Orvis News, 24 September 2012.
  4. ^ Medical Dictionary EMedicineHealth. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
  5. ^ "Felt-Soled Wader Ban". www.mdc.mo.gov. Missouri's Fish, Forests and Wildlife. Retrieved December 5, 2012.
  6. ^ Preventing invasive species Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
  7. ^ "Felt-Soled Waders Restrictions". Fish & Game New Zealand. Retrieved 1 December 2015.

External links

Media related to Waders (footwear) at Wikimedia Commons

Index of fashion articles

This is a list of existing articles related to fashion and clothing.

For individual designers, see List of fashion designers

Index of fishing articles

This page is a list of fishing topics.

Outline of fishing

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to fishing:

Fishing – activity of trying to catch fish. Fish are normally caught in the wild. Techniques for catching fish include hand gathering, spearing, netting, angling and trapping.

Waders

Waders may refer to:

Wader, a name for various birds in the order Charadriiformes

Waders (footwear) a type of waterproof boot

Wellington boot

The Wellington boot was originally a type of leather boot adapted from Hessian boots. They were worn and popularised by Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. The "Wellington" boot became a staple of practical foot wear for the British aristocracy and middle class in the early 19th century. The name was subsequently given to waterproof boots made of rubber and they are no longer associated with a particular class. They are now commonly used for a range of agricultural and outdoors pursuits.

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