WWLP

WWLP, virtual channel 22 (VHF digital channel 11), is a dual NBC/CW+-affiliated television station licensed to Springfield, Massachusetts, United States, serving the Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts. The station is owned by Nexstar Media Group. WWLP's studios are located at Broadcast Center in the Sandy Hill section of Chicopee at the northwest corner of the I-391/MA 116/Chicopee Street interchange, and its transmitter is located on Provin Mountain in the Feeding Hills section of Agawam.

WWLP operates a full-time low-power digital repeater, WFXQ-CD (UHF channel 28, also mapped to virtual channel 22 via PSIP), whose transmitter is located at the top of the old Mount Tom Ski Area in Holyoke. WFXQ-CD allows viewers in the core of the Springfield market UHF access to WWLP's signal, as VHF antennas have some issues with reception in the digital age, and with all other Springfield stations carried on UHF channels, it allows those viewers to use one type of antenna rather than two.

Due to the close proximity of the Springfield–Holyoke and HartfordNew Haven markets, many stations in Connecticut can be viewed in the Southern Pioneer Valley. Since WWLP's transmitter on Provin Mountain is not far from the state line, this can be picked up in northern areas of the state. WVIT (channel 30), which serves as the NBC affiliate for all of Connecticut except Fairfield County, is currently the only Hartford–New Haven big three station offered on Comcast Xfinity's basic tier. Charter Spectrum customers in the Pioneer Valley have access to WVIT, but only with a digital set top box.

WWLP serves as the master control hub for most of Nexstar Media Group's northeastern U.S. stations.[1]

WWLP
WWLP Logo

WWLP-DT2 Logo
Springfield/Holyoke, Massachusetts
United States
CitySpringfield, Massachusetts
Branding22 News
The CW Springfield (on DT2)
SloganWorking for You
Dare to Defy (on DT2)
ChannelsDigital: 11 (VHF)
Virtual: 22 (PSIP)
Translators28 WFXQ-CD (UHF)
Affiliations22.1: NBC
22.2: CW+
22.3: Ion Television
22.4: Escape
OwnerNexstar Media Group
(Nexstar Broadcasting, Inc.)
First air dateMarch 17, 1953
Call letters' meaningWilliam L. Putnam
(the station's founder and longtime owner)
Former channel number(s)Analog:
61 (UHF, 1953–1955)
22 (UHF, 1955–2009)
Former satellites:
32 WRLP Greenfield (1957–1978)
14 WWOR-TV/WJZB-TV Worcester (1958–1969)
Former affiliationsDT2:
TheCoolTV (2010–2013)
Transmitter power15.8 kW
Height247 m (810 ft)
Facility ID6868
Transmitter coordinates42°5′5″N 72°42′12″W / 42.08472°N 72.70333°W
Licensing authorityFCC
Public license informationProfile
CDBS
Websitewww.wwlp.com

History

Wwlp-tv-appearance
A promotional photo of WWLP's Springfield studios in 1960, featuring local businessman Carlton Nash and several dinosaur track specimens found on his property in South Hadley

WWLP began broadcasting on March 17, 1953 one month before rival WGGB-TV (then known as WHYN-TV). The station aired an analog signal on UHF channel 61 and was an NBC affiliate from the start. At its sign-on, WWLP had the distinction of being one of the first UHF television stations in the United States after the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) opened the UHF band as well as Massachusetts' oldest station outside of Boston. It was founded by William L. Putnam and his company, Springfield Television. WWLP's original studios were at the transmitter site on Provin Mountain in Feeding Hills.

It switched frequencies to UHF channel 22 on July 2, 1955. The previous analog allotment would remain unused until the second WTIC-TV signed-on from Hartford in 1984. From its beginnings, the Springfield–Holyoke market was designated as a "UHF island" because it was too close to Boston, Hartford–New Haven, and the Capital District of New York State for VHF analog service. As a result of technical limitations UHF stations faced in the 1950s, WWLP's signal was not viewable in much of the northern portion of the market (which at the time included Brattleboro, Vermont and Keene, New Hampshire). The station would sign-on two full-time satellites to solve that problem and extend its broadcasting radius (see below). From 1975 until 1979, the station aired nationally syndicated National Hockey League games from The NHL Network.

After three decades, Putnam retired from broadcasting in 1984 by selling his company and its three stations (WWLP, KSTU-TV, and WKEF) to Adams Communications. Adams ran into financial trouble and began breaking up the Springfield Television group in 1987 with the sale of KSTU to MWT Ltd. Adams sold WKEF to KT Communications in 1989 before selling WWLP to Brisette Broadcasting in 1991. However, Brisette himself ran into trouble and merged his group with Benedek Broadcasting at the end of 1995. LIN TV Corporation acquired WWLP in 2000[2] by swapping KAKE-TV in Wichita, Kansas and WOWT-TV in Omaha, Nebraska to Benedek. This was a result of Chronicle Broadcasting, which owned the latter two, being liquidated. The sale could be seen as the ultimate undoing for Benedek which in 2002 declared bankruptcy and sold most of their stations (including WOWT and KAKE) to Gray Television.

In early 2000, the station's studios and offices moved to their current home in the Sandy Hill area of Chicopee. However, its transmitter remained in Feeding Hills. Shortly after the change, then-pending owner LIN TV constructed an addition at WWLP's new facilities which would serve as a master control hub for company-owned stations in the Northeast. At this location, room for future expansion was made in the event LIN TV expanded their Northeast properties. That eventually became the case with sister stations WTNH, WCTX, WPRI-TV (LIN TV flagship), and WNAC-TV having master control and some internal operations currently located at the Chicopee studios.

WWLP was well known for producing As Schools Match Wits, one of American television's earliest and longest-running high school quiz programs. The program first aired in October 1961. In September 2006, the show was canceled because of the costs associated with new FCC regulations requiring all over-the-air television programming in the United States to be closed-captioned for the deaf and hard of hearing. The show returned to the air in January 2007 but on the area's PBS member station WGBY-TV (channel 57) and based at Westfield State College.

On May 18, 2007, LIN TV announced that it was exploring strategic alternatives including the sale of the company. On March 21, 2014, Media General announced that it would purchase LIN Media and its stations, including WWLP and WFXQ-CD, in a $1.6 billion merger.[3] The merger was completed on December 19.[4]

On September 8, 2015, Media General announced that it would acquire the Meredith Corporation for $2.4 billion, with the combined group to be renamed Meredith Media General once the sale was finalized. Because Meredith already owns WGGB-TV, and the Springfield–Holyoke market does not have enough full-power television stations to legally allow a duopoly in any event (WGGB-TV and WWLP are the only full-power licenses assigned to the market), the companies would have been required to sell either WGGB-TV or WWLP to comply with FCC ownership rules as well as recent changes to those rules regarding same-market television stations that restrict sharing agreements had the sale gone through. Meredith-owned CBS affiliate WSHM-LD (channel 3) was the only one of the three stations affected by the merger that could legally be acquired by Meredith Media General, as FCC rules permit common ownership of full-power and low-power stations regardless of the number of stations within a single market.[5][6][7] On January 27, 2016, however, Nexstar Broadcasting Group announced that it had reached an agreement to acquire Media General, who subsequently abandoned its plans to purchase Meredith.[8]

Former satellites

In 1957, WRLP in Greenfield signed-on as a full-time satellite of WWLP. WRLP served the northern portion of the Pioneer Valley market, where WWLP's signal was marginal at best due to the area's rugged and mountainous terrain. From a transmitter on Gunn Mountain in Winchester, New Hampshire (one of the highest points in the region), WRLP could also be seen in Springfield as well, creating a strong combined signal with over 50 percent overlap.

In 1958, Putnam purchased a defunct station in Worcester, WWOR-TV (no relation to the current Secaucus, New Jersey/Tri-State station with the same callsign), and returned it to the air as a second full-time satellite of WWLP. However, Worcester is part of the Boston market, and WWLP was forced to limit WWOR's broadcast day to only six hours in order to protect the interests of WBZ-TV, then Boston's NBC affiliate. In 1964, WWOR changed its calls to WJZB-TV and became an independent station while continuing to simulcast some programming from WWLP.

WRLP and WJZB eventually went off the air due to financial difficulties, with WJZB going dark in 1969 followed by WRLP in 1978. Almost immediately after WRLP left the air, its transmitter was shipped to Salt Lake City, Utah in order to launch KSTU, an independent sister station on UHF channel 20. That station eventually became a Fox affiliate on analog VHF channel 13 operating under a different owner.

Subchannels

WWLP-DT2 (The CW)

WWLP-DT2, branded on air as The CW Springfield, is the CW+-affiliated second digital subchannel of WWLP, broadcasting in 720p high definition on VHF channel 11.2 (or virtual channel 22.2 via PSIP). On cable, the subchannel is available on Xfinity channel 5 and Spectrum channel 13 to viewers in Hampden, Hampshire, and Franklin counties.

History

Wbqt 2009
WWLP-DT2's former logo as a cable-only CW affiliate.

What is now WWLP-DT2 began its life in September 1998 as WBQT, a cable-only affiliate of The WB through the national WB 100+ service. Since it was only available on cable, the call sign was fictional in nature solely for the purposes of electronic program guide and rating diary identification, and thus not officially recognized by the FCC. As a WB 100+ station, it was one of the few in the group that was not aligned with an established over-the-air station in the market. WBQT did not initially replace out-of-market WB affiliates (such as WPIX from New York City, WBNE from Hartford, which was later replaced with WTXX, and WLVI from Boston) on local cable systems.

In 1999, WBQT was taken off of AT&T Broadband systems serving the majority of the Springfield–Holyoke market. When Comcast took over AT&T's cable system in 2001, the company began a push to expand WBQT's reach. In late 2001, it replaced out-of-market WB affiliates on most systems with near total replacement taking place by 2003 (mainly taking the cable channel positions formerly held by WTXX, following a pattern where WSHM-LP replaced Hartford CBS affiliate WFSB on channel 3 and new Fox affiliate WGGB-DT2 replaced WTIC-TV on channel 6 in the Springfield market upon their launches). Throughout the station's affiliation with The WB, it was known on-air as Pioneer Valley's WB 16 (named after its channel location) and had its own logo.

On January 24, 2006, The WB and UPN announced the two networks would shut down and merge into a new network, The CW. The next few months saw uncertainty about The CW's place in Springfield due to a lack of broadcast stations in the market and The CW's preference for over-the-air affiliates, along with cable providers then not being receptive to picking up digital subchannels. UPN service was provided by New Haven's WCTX via cable in the Springfield market, but WTXX, being Tribune-owned, was named a charter affiliate in The CW's launch announcement, shutting out WCTX from the CW affiliation entirely. As WBQT had no web presence or communications department as a WB 100+ affiliate, there was no word about it becoming the Springfield affiliate for The CW, nor of a return of WTXX to market cable systems.

There was an early-2006 sign-on of low-powered W28CT broadcasting from the summit of the old Mount Tom Ski Area in Holyoke. After a short period of time, the station's call letters were changed to WXCW-CA in anticipation of it becoming an affiliate of that network. In August 2006, the call letters changed again to WFXQ-CA after word was confirmed that WBQT would continue operations as Springfield's CW affiliate. The station (now WFXQ-CD) eventually became a full-time repeater of WWLP.

As it joined The CW, WBQT also became part of The CW Plus, a similar operation to The WB 100+. The station began airing promotions of the new network, with WBQT's branding becoming Pioneer Valley CW. The network launched on September 18 with proper on-air changes on WBQT, along with a website on The CW Plus's web presence with schedule information. It branded solely by its listed branding, discounting its varied market channel positions (Comcast 16 and Charter 13). During its cable-exclusive period with The WB and The CW, the station did not have an actual owner and had a signal provided to cable companies through a closed circuit satellite feed.

WWLP-DT2 originally signed on in 2007, airing a live feed of its weather radar, with no background audio. As a byproduct of an affiliation agreement between LIN TV and TheCoolTV to carry the music video network on LIN's stations, WWLP affiliated with the network on its second digital subchannel in 2010. The network was dropped on July 15, 2013, with the subchannel remaining dark for the next 20 months.

On December 23, 2014, as part of a long-term affiliation renewal with the network, Media General announced that WWLP and WFXQ-CD would affiliate their respective second digital subchannels with The CW, allowing the former cable-exclusive "WBQT" channel serving the market to have an over-the-air presence.[9] On January 1, 2015, WWLP took over promotional and advertising responsibilities of WBQT from the area's cable companies. As a result, the service was added to the second subchannel of WWLP in order to offer over-the-air viewers access to The CW for the first time. The main station launched a prime time newscast at 10:00 p.m. on this CW subchannel on April 13, 2015. It also started replaying WWLP's weekday morning lifestyle show, Mass Appeal, at 1:00 p.m., and as of April 1, WBQT Pioneer Valley CW was re-branded as The CW Springfield as well.[10][11][12]

Xfinity began carrying the subchannel's high definition feed on digital channel 820 on April 1, 2015, with Charter adding the feed on digital channel 788 in mid-April 2015 (for viewers in Hampden, Hampshire, and Franklin counties), making CW programming available in HD in the Pioneer Valley for the first time.[10][11][12]

WWLP-DT3 (Ion Television)

WWLP-DT3 is the Ion Television-affiliated third digital subchannel of WWLP, broadcasting in standard definition on VHF channel 11.3 (or virtual channel 22.3 via PSIP).

On November 5, 2015, WWLP soft-launched a standard definition feed of Ion Television's main signal over subchannel 22.3 as part of Media General's carriage agreement of the network in markets without a dedicated Ion affiliate. New London, Connecticut-based WHPX-TV has served as the market's nominal affiliate for years with some cable coverage, though over-the-air coverage of that station is generally poor in the Pioneer Valley and the national feed has mainly been offered by local providers who carry the network.

Digital television

Digital channels

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[13]
22.1 1080i 16:9 WWLP-DT Main WWLP programming / NBC
22.2 720p WWLP-CW The CW Springfield
22.3 480i 4:3 WWLP-IO Ion Television
22.4 16:9 WWLP-ES Escape

Analog-to-digital conversion

WWLP discontinued regular programming on its analog signal, over UHF channel 22, on February 17, 2009, the original target date in which full-power television stations in the United States were to transition from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate (but was ordered by the FCC to continue transmitting emergency bulletins, local news broadcasts, and information on digital transition on its analog channel for an additional sixty days as part of the "nightlighting" service).[14] The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition VHF channel 11,[15][16] using PSIP to display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 22.

Programming

Syndicated programming on the station includes Jeopardy!, Wheel of Fortune, Dr. Phil, Judge Judy and Hot Bench. WWLP also serves as the Western Massachusetts affiliate for the New England Patriots' preseason television network, carrying the team's games not nationally broadcast.

News operation

Ever since its sign-on, WWLP has consistently had the most watched newscasts in the Pioneer Valley. This has been achieved (most of the time) by beating rival ABC affiliate WGGB-TV (channel 40) in the local Nielsen ratings since both stations went on-the-air. There have been some brief periods when WGGB-TV was on top and there have also been extended times where the stations were basically neck-and-neck with WWLP having a slight edge. However, WWLP consistently outpaced WGGB-TV after the Sinclair Broadcast Group acquired that station in 1998 with a sizable margin in this channel's favor for most shows.

While operating as full-time satellites of WWLP, WRLP and WWOR/WJZB simulcasted local news from this station. However, when WRLP converted to a separate Independent channel in 1974, its own newscasts were established tailored toward the Northern Pioneer Valley as well as Brattleboro and Keene.

After WGGB-TV recently became locally owned (bought by John J. Gormally who publishes the Business West magazine), there was a chance the ratings could change. However, as of the July 2008 sweeps period, WWLP continues its longtime dominance with WGGB-TV stabilizing to a strong second. Although low-powered CBS affiliate WSHM-LP established its own news department in October 2005, it initially did not compete on the same level as WWLP and WGGB-TV. However, its ratings grew substantially across the board during the May 2009 sweeps period to within decimal points of WGGB-TV in several key demographics.

In addition to their main studios, WWLP operates a Hampshire County Bureau on Main Street/MA 9/MA 10 in downtown Northampton as part of Thornes Market (location established in November 2010), and a Franklin County Bureau in Greenfield. NBC O&O WBTS-LD, along with NECN in Boston, share their resources with WWLP for news coverage of Eastern Massachusetts. In turn, WWLP does the same for events from western areas of the state. Although it operates its own weather radar at the transmitter site on Provin Mountain, it is not seen on-air or online. During weather segments, the station does feature live NOAA National Weather Service radar data from several regional sites presented on-screen in a system known as "ESP: Live Doppler" (with "ESP" meaning Exclusive Storm Prediction). The station uses the "Tower V.4" news music package from 615 Music. The station's anchors dually serve as field reporters outside of their anchoring assignments.

On January 8, 2012, WWLP became the second station in the Springfield/Holyoke market to broadcast local news in high definition. Rival station WGGB-TV was the first to broadcast in HD in September 2011. The April 2015 move of The CW to WWLP-DT2 saw the station launch a half-hour 10 p.m. newscast, competing with WGGB's Fox subchannel in the timeslot.

Notable former on-air staff

References

  1. ^ https://buffalonews.com/2019/01/22/buffalo-is-top-rated-nfl-market-outside-of-cities-with-teams-trying-to-make-super-bowl/ "Dominic Mancuso, the Channel 4 general manager, explained the provider of the fiber for the master control hub in Springfield, Mass., is trying to fix the problem."
  2. ^ Staff, FCC Internet Services. "Application Search Details".
  3. ^ "Media General buys LIN Media, owner of WWLP Channel 22 in Springfield". The Republican. Associated Press. March 21, 2014. Retrieved March 22, 2014.
  4. ^ Media General Completes Merger With LIN Media Archived December 19, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Press Release, Media General, Retrieved December 19, 2014
  5. ^ "Media General Acquiring Meredith For 2.4 Billion". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheck Media. September 8, 2015.
  6. ^ Cynthia Littleton (September 8, 2015). "TV Station Mega Merger: Media General Sets $2.4 Billion Acquisition of Meredith Corp". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  7. ^ Chris Lindahl (September 8, 2015). "Media General buying Meredith Corp.; companies own Springfield-area TV stations WWLP, WGGB, CBS 3, Fox 6". Daily Hampshire Gazette. Newspapers of New England. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  8. ^ Picker, Leslie (January 27, 2016). "Nexstar Clinches Deal to Acquire Media General". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  9. ^ "WWLP digital subchannel to become CW affiliate". WWLP. Media General. December 23, 2014.
  10. ^ a b "The CW moving to a new home in WMass; station will air 22News at 10:00". WWLP. March 13, 2015. Retrieved February 29, 2016.
  11. ^ a b "The CW Springfield is now live on the air". WWLP. April 1, 2015. Retrieved February 29, 2016.
  12. ^ a b WWLP-DT2 The CW Springfield "Here's Where To Watch Us…"
  13. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WWLP
  14. ^ "Western Mass. TV stations join national switch to digital broadcasting, but not without challenges".
  15. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 29, 2013. Retrieved March 24, 2012.
  16. ^ CDBS Print

External links

Channel 11 digital TV stations in the United States

The following television stations broadcast on digital channel 11 in the United States:

K10OA-D in Terrace Lakes, Idaho

K11AT-D in Gunnison, Colorado

K11BD-D in Leadore, Idaho

K11BI-D in Entiat, Washington

K11BM-D in Methow, Washington

K11BX-D in Sutherlin, Oregon

K11CN-D in Caliente, Nevada

K11CP-D in Fish Creek, Idaho

K11CQ-D in Cedar City, Utah

K11CS-D in Rock Island, Washington

K11DL-D in Juliaetta, Idaho

K11ED-D in Ruth, Nevada

K11EE-D in Ely & McGill, Nevada

K11EV-D in Grants, etc., New Mexico

K11EZ-D in Cashmere, Washington

K11FF-D in Superior, Montana

K11FJ-D in Squilchuck St. Park, Washington

K11FQ-D in Thompson Falls, Montana

K11GH-D in Tri Cities, etc., Oregon

K11GT-D in Eugene, Oregon

K11GX-D in Whitewater, Montana

K11HM-D in Bonners Ferry, Idaho

K11HO-D in Polson, Montana

K11IA-D in Glasgow, Montana

K11IH-D in Malta, Montana

K11IL-D in Bitterroot Range, etc., Montana

K11IV-D in Pioche, Nevada

K11IY-D in Battle Mountain, Nevada

K11JP-D in Plains-Paradise, Montana

K11KE-D in Woods Bay, Montana

K11KI-D in Dorena, etc., Oregon

K11KO-D in Kamiah, Idaho

K11KP-D in Troy, Montana

K11LA-D in Basin, Montana

K11LC-D in Prescott, Arizona

K11LM-D in Thomasville, Colorado

K11LP-D in Cortez, Colorado

K11MP-D in White Sulphur Springs, Montana

K11MU-D in Paradise Valley, Nevada

K11OW-D in Ursine, Nevada

K11PB-D in Cambridge, Idaho

K11PP-D in Dingle, etc., Idaho

K11PS-D in Collbran, Colorado

K11QQ-D in Hildale, etc., Utah

K11RN-D in Douglas, Wyoming

K11RX-D in Big Arm, Montana

K11SZ-D in Oakridge, Oregon

K11TJ-D in Sargents, Colorado

K11TY-D in Salmon, Idaho

K11UN-D in Coolin, Idaho

K11UU-D in Pago Pago, American Samoa

K11UW-D in Akron, Colorado

K11VI-D in Elkton, Oregon

K11VP-D in Homer-Seldovia, Alaska

K11VY-D in Toquerville, Utah

K11WF-D in Mink Creek, Idaho

K11WK-D in Stanford, Montana

K11WM-D in Townsend, Montana

K11WQ-D in West Knees, Montana

K11WR-D in Council, Idaho

K11WT-D in McCall, Idaho

K11WY-D in Coulee City, Washington

K11WZ-D in Delta Junction, etc., Alaska

K11XC-D in Salina & Redmond, Utah

K38AJ-D in Blanding/Monticello, Utah

K41LC-D in Long Valley Junction, Utah

K49AO-D in Rural Juab, etc., Utah

KARE in Minneapolis, Minnesota

KCBD in Lubbock, Texas

KCBY-TV in Coos Bay, Oregon

KDIN-TV in Des Moines, Iowa

KDTP in Holbrook, Arizona

KEET in Eureka, California

KELO-TV in Sioux Falls, South Dakota

KFFX-TV in Pendleton, Oregon

KGIN in Grand Island, Nebraska

KHAW-TV in Hilo, Hawaii

KHET in Honolulu, Hawaii

KHOU in Houston, Texas

KJUD in Juneau, Alaska

KKRM-LD in Chico, California

KLST in San Angelo, Texas

KLVX in Las Vegas, Nevada

KMLU in Columbia, Louisiana

KMVT in Twin Falls, Idaho

KNSO in Merced, California

KOAB-TV in Bend, Oregon

KOED-TV in Tulsa, Oklahoma

KPJC-LD in San Francisco, California

KQCK in Cheyenne, Wyoming

KQSD-TV in Lowry, South Dakota

KRII in Chisholm, Minnesota

KSNG in Garden City, Kansas

KSTW in Tacoma, Washington

KSWO-TV in Lawton, Oklahoma

KTTV in Los Angeles, California

KTVF in Fairbanks, Alaska

KTVN in Reno, Nevada

KTWU in Topeka, Kansas

KUFM-TV in Missoula, Montana

KULR-TV in Billings, Montana

KVCT in Victoria, Texas

KWSE in Williston, North Dakota

KYMA-DT in Yuma, Arizona

W11AH-D in Tryon & Columbus, North Carolina

W11AN-D in Bryson City, North Carolina

W11AU-D in Canton, etc., North Carolina

W11AY-D in St John Plantation, Maine

W11DD-D in Hartwell & Royston, Georgia

W11DH-D in Wabasso, Florida

W11DJ-D in Glasgow, Kentucky

WBAL-TV in Baltimore, Maryland

WBKB-TV in Alpena, Michigan

WBRE-TV in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania

WDFL-LD in Miami, Florida

WENH-TV in Durham, New Hampshire

WESH in Daytona Beach, Florida

WGBS-LD in Hampton, Virginia

WGSI-CD in Murrells Inlet, South Carolina

WGVU-TV in Grand Rapids, Michigan

WHAS-TV in Louisville, Kentucky

WIVM-LD in Canton, Ohio

WJDP-LD in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee

WJHL-TV in Johnson City, Tennessee

WLFI-TV in Lafayette, Indiana

WLII-DT in Caguas, Puerto Rico

WLUK-TV in Green Bay, Wisconsin

WMTO-LD in Manteo, North Carolina

WPCW in Jeannette, Pennsylvania

WPIX in New York, New York

WTOC-TV in Savannah, Georgia

WTOK-TV in Meridian, Mississippi

WTOL in Toledo, Ohio

WTVD in Durham, North Carolina

WTVI in Charlotte, North Carolina

WTVM in Columbus, Georgia

WTZT-CD in Athens, Alabama

WVPT in Staunton, Virginia

WWLP in Springfield, Massachusetts

WYES-TV in New Orleans, Louisiana

Channel 22 virtual TV stations in the United States

The following television stations operate on virtual channel 22 in the United States:

K13UL-D in Hillsboro, New Mexico

K21CD-D in Ukiah, California

K22CU-D in Cortez, etc., Colorado

K22FC-D in Grants Pass, Oregon

K22HS-D in Eureka Springs, Arkansas

K22JK-D in Moses Lake, Washington

K22JM-D in Gunnison, Colorado

K22JN-D in Grand Junction, Colorado

K22JQ-D in Ardmore, Oklahoma

K22JS-D in Ashland, Oregon

K22JU-D in Rapid City, South Dakota

K25CH-D in North Bend, Washington

K25MP-D in Bonners Ferry, Idaho

K28GJ-D in Hatch, New Mexico

K28QE-D in Caballo, New Mexico

K29ED-D in Everett, Washington

K36KH-D in Alexandria, Minnesota

K40GH-D in Truth or Consequence, New Mexico

K42EY-D in Alamogordo, New Mexico

KAWB in Brainerd, Minnesota

KDCG-CD in Opelousas, Louisiana

KDMD-LD in Tacoma, Washington

KEQI-LP in Dededo, Guam

KFCT in Fort Collins, Colorado

KFTS in Klamath Falls, Oregon

KFXF-LD in Fairbanks, Alaska

KGCS-LD in Joplin, Missouri

KLCW-TV in Wolfforth, Texas

KLFB-LD in Salinas, California

KLTJ in Galveston, Texas

KPXG-TV in Salem, Oregon

KQFX-LD in Columbia, Missouri

KRCB in Cotati, California

KRID-LD in Boise, Idaho

KRWG-TV in Las Cruces, New Mexico

KSKN in Spokane, Washington

KSQA in Topeka, Kansas

KTVP-LD in Phoenix, Arizona

KUMY-LD in Beaumont, Texas

KWBJ-CD in Morgan City, Louisiana

KWHY-TV in Los Angeles, California

KZJO in Seattle, Washington

KZMM-CD in Fresno, California

KZVU-LD in Chico, California

W22EN-D in Manteo, North Carolina

W22EW-D in Port Jervis, New York

WBMM in Tuskegee, Alabama

WCBZ-CD in Marion, Ohio

WCLF in Clearwater, Florida

WCTE in Cookeville, Tennessee

WDQB-LD in Wilmington, North Carolina

WEQA-LD in Florence, South Carolina

WFVX-LD in Bangor, Maine

WFXQ-CD in Springfield, Massachusetts

WGPS-LP in Fort Myers, Florida

WHLT in Hattiesburg, Mississippi

WIVD-LD in Newcomerstown, Ohio

WJCL in Savannah, Georgia

WKEF in Dayton, Ohio

WKPI-TV in Pikeville, Kentucky

WLEK-LD in Concord, New Hampshire

WLFL in Raleigh, North Carolina

WLWK-CD in Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin

WMEC in Macomb, Illinois

WMNS-LD in Charlotte Amalie, U.S. Virgin Islands

WMPT in Annapolis, Maryland

WOVA-LD in Parkersburg, West Virginia

WPFN-CD in Panama City, Florida

WPNT in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

WSBS-CD in Miami, etc., Florida

WSBS-TV in Key West, Florida

WSBT-TV in South Bend, Indiana

WSKC-CD in Atlanta, Georgia

WSST-TV in Cordele, Georgia

WTNO-LP in New Orleans, Louisiana

WTVU-CD in Syracuse, New York

WVDO-LD in Carolina, Puerto Rico

WVNY in Burlington, Vermont

WVUT in Vincennes, Indiana

WWLP in Springfield, Massachusetts

WYOU in Scranton, PennsylvaniaThe following television stations, which are no longer licensed, formerly operated on virtual channel 22:

KWWF in Waterloo, Iowa

WQDS-LD in Athens, Georgia

Feeding Hills, Agawam, Massachusetts

Feeding Hills is a section of the city of Agawam with its own ZIP Code (01030) and post office. Line Street in Agawam is generally accepted by residents as being the unofficial border. In the early to mid-19th century, a ditch was dug here to separate the two sections. Feeding Hills contains one quarter of the total population, as well as Provin Mountain, the highest point in the town, and many moderate-sized farms.

Today, Feeding Hills is under extensive land development in and around the Provin Mountain communities. Several farms have been split up and sold to developers, resulting in an increased real estate market. Older sections of Feeding Hills, such as those closer to Line Street and Agawam High School, have remained much the same, although in recent years have experienced an exodus of businesses to other parts of town. Feeding Hills contains several churches, shopping centers, and a variety of eateries. It is home to WWLP-TV's transmitting site atop Provin Mountain (their studio has since moved to Chicopee). Agawam's police station can be found on Springfield St., one of the subsection's most populous roads.

Of the four elementary schools and three middle/junior/senior high schools, only the junior high school and Granger Elementary are located in Feeding Hills.

LIN Media

LIN Media was an American holding company founded in 1994 that operated 43 television stations. All except six were affiliates of the five major U.S. television networks. Five of the six remaining stations were affiliated with the syndication service MyNetworkTV and one was a low powered weather station in Indiana.

LIN Media's chief executive officer was Vincent L. Sadusky. Sadusky had been LIN's chief financial officer, Vice President and treasurer since 2004, and had been CFO for Telemundo, working closely on its sale to GE/NBC. Sadusky had been interim CEO since former chairman Gary R. Chapman announced his impending retirement in June 2006, and through the company's search for a permanent replacement. He was installed as CEO upon Chapman's retirement on July 10, 2006.

Mission Broadcasting

Mission Broadcasting, Inc. is a television station group that owns 20 television stations in 17 markets in the United States. The group's Chair is Nancie Smith, the widow of David S. Smith (who died in March 2011), who founded the company in 1996. All of Mission's stations are located in markets where the Nexstar Media Group also owns a station, and are managed by Nexstar through shared services and local marketing agreements—allowing duopolies between the top two stations in a market or in markets with too few stations to allow duopolies.

Provin Mountain

Provin Mountain is a very narrow traprock mountain ridge located in the Connecticut River Valley of Massachusetts. It is part of the Metacomet Ridge which extends from Long Island Sound near New Haven, Connecticut, north through the Connecticut River Valley of Massachusetts to the Vermont border. Provin Mountain is known for its scenic cliffs, unique microclimate ecosystems, and rare plant communities. It is traversed by the 114 mile (183 km) Metacomet-Monadnock Trail.

Spartan Communications

Spartan Communications, Inc. was a company that was based in Spartanburg, South Carolina that owned WSPA-TV as Spartan's flagship station from 1956 to 2000 when Spartan merged with Media General of Richmond, VA.

In 1984, Spartan bought WBTW and KIMT-TV from the Shotts family.

Springfield Television

Springfield Television Corporation was a group owner of television stations based in Springfield, Massachusetts. The company was founded by William Lowell Putnam III, who launched the company's first television station, WWLP, on March 17, 1953. (Putnam was the son of politician and businessman, Roger Putnam. He was also a former trustee of the Lowell Observatory, founded by his great-uncle, astronomer Percival Lowell.)

The company owned five television stations during its lifetime, no more than four at any given time.

The company folded in 1984 with Putnam's retirement, and the sale of its remaining stations—WWLP, WKEF in Dayton, Ohio, and KSTU in Salt Lake City, Utah—to Adams Communications.

WCTX

WCTX, virtual channel 59 (VHF digital channel 10), is a MyNetworkTV-affiliated television station licensed to New Haven, Connecticut and serving the Hartford–New Haven television market. The station is owned by Nexstar Media Group as part of a duopoly with WTNH (channel 8), also licensed to New Haven. The two stations share studios on Elm Street in downtown New Haven and transmitter facilities in Hamden, Connecticut; however, master control and some internal operations originate from hub facilities at Nexstar-owned WWLP (channel 22) in Chicopee, Massachusetts.

WCTX is available on channel 9 on almost all of Connecticut's cable systems, this is reflected in the station's on-air branding "MyTV9". Like sister station WTNH, WCTX has a large Fairfield County audience as well. WCTX is considered a secondary ABC affiliate, airing that network's programs when WTNH is unable to do so due to extended breaking news coverage or a local special.

WFXQ-CD

WFXQ-CD is a low-powered, Class A television station licensed to Springfield, Massachusetts, United States. It is a translator of dual NBC/CW+ affiliate WWLP (channel 22), owned by Nexstar Media Group, allowing viewers in the core of the market UHF access to WWLP, which transmits on VHF channel 11. WFXQ-CD broadcasts a high definition digital signal on UHF channel 28 (or virtual channel 22 via PSIP) from a transmitter at the old Mount Tom Ski Area summit in Holyoke. Its parent station maintains studios at Broadcast Center in the Sandy Hill section of Chicopee at the northwest corner of the I-391/MA 116/Chicopee Street interchange.

WGGB-TV

WGGB-TV, virtual and UHF digital channel 40, is an ABC/Fox/MyNetworkTV-affiliated television station licensed to Springfield, Massachusetts, United States, serving the Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts. The station is owned by Meredith Corporation (as such, it is the only ABC affiliate owned by the company) and is sister to low-powered CBS affiliate WSHM-LD (channel 3.5). The two stations share studios on Liberty Street in Springfield; WGGB-TV's transmitter is located on Mount Tom in Holyoke.

WJZB-TV

WJZB-TV, UHF analog channel 14, was a television station located in Worcester, Massachusetts, United States. The station existed from 1953 to 1969.

WNAC-TV

WNAC-TV, virtual channel 64 (VHF digital channel 12), branded on-air as Fox Providence, is a dual Fox/CW-affiliated television station licensed to Providence, Rhode Island, United States and also serving New Bedford, Massachusetts. Owned by Super Towers, Inc., the station is operated under a local marketing agreement (LMA) by the Nexstar Media Group, making it a sister station to dual CBS/MyNetworkTV affiliate WPRI-TV (channel 12). Although the two stations share studios on Catamore Boulevard in East Providence, Rhode Island and transmitter facilities on Homestead Avenue in Rehoboth, Massachusetts, master control and some traffic responsibilities are based at Nexstar sister station and NBC affiliate WWLP in Chicopee, Massachusetts.

WNLO

WNLO, virtual channel 23 (UHF digital channel 32), is a CW-affiliated television station licensed to Buffalo, New York, United States. The station is owned by Nexstar Media Group, as part of a duopoly with CBS affiliate WIVB-TV (channel 4). The two stations share studios on Elmwood Avenue in North Buffalo and transmitter facilities on the eastern side of Grand Island. Master control and some internal operations for both stations are based at the facilities of Nexstar sister station and NBC affiliate WWLP in Chicopee, Massachusetts.WNLO can be considered an alternate CBS affiliate as it simulcasts the CBS Overnight News and the CBS Morning News from WIVB-TV. The station is also responsible for airing CBS programs when WIVB-TV is unable to or otherwise chooses not to air a program due to local or syndicated programming commitments. WNLO is not available in portions of Cattaraugus County that are served by Atlantic Broadband, where WSEE-DT2 out of Erie, Pennsylvania is used as a less expensive alternative.

WRLP (TV)

WRLP was a television station in Greenfield, Massachusetts which broadcast on UHF channel 32 from 1957 to 1978. For most of its history, it was a satellite of WWLP in Springfield.

WSHM-LD

WSHM-LD, virtual channel 3.5 (UHF digital channel 21), is a low-powered, CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Springfield, Massachusetts, United States, serving the Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts. Owned by the Meredith Corporation, it is a sister station to ABC/Fox/MyNetworkTV affiliate WGGB-TV (channel 40). The two stations share studios on Liberty Street in Springfield; WSHM-LD's transmitter is located on Ridge Road in Wilbraham.

Although considered a separate station in its own right, WSHM is actually operated as a semi-satellite of WFSB (channel 3) in Hartford–New Haven, Connecticut. WSHM clears all network programming as provided through its parent station, but airs a separate lineup of syndicated programming, as well as separate commercial inserts and its own legal identifications. Master control and some internal operations are based at WFSB's studios on Capital Boulevard in Rocky Hill, Connecticut.

WTNH

WTNH, virtual channel 8 (VHF digital channel 10), is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to New Haven, Connecticut and serving the Hartford–New Haven television market. The station is owned by Nexstar Media Group as part of a duopoly with WCTX (channel 59), also licensed to New Haven. The two stations share studios on Elm Street in downtown New Haven and transmitter facilities in Hamden, Connecticut; however, master control and some internal operations originate from hub facilities at Nexstar-owned WWLP (channel 22) in Chicopee, Massachusetts.

WYRY

WYRY (104.9 MHz, "104.9 Nash Icon") is a commercial FM radio station licensed to Hinsdale, New Hampshire, and serving parts of New Hampshire, Vermont and Massachusetts. The station is owned by Tri-Valley Broadcasting Corporation. It airs a Country music radio format. Many of the shows are syndicated from Westwood One's Nash Icon Network.

The station has been assigned the WYRY call letters by the Federal Communications Commission since May 14, 1984.The transmitter site is on Gunn Mountain, off Old Hinsdale Road in Winchester. There are incorrect reports circulating that it is on the same land that was home to WRLP-TV, channel 32's transmitter, a local NBC affiliate repeating WWLP-TV's programming, until April 1978, when the channel 32 transmitter was dismantled and shipped to Utah, where channel 32's owner, William L. Putnam, was starting a new station.

On August 3, 2015 WYRY rebranded as "104.9 Nash Icon."

West Wind Records

West Wind Records was a jazz record label that released albums by many notable musicians during the 1980s. Some of these albums were previously issued on labels such as Circle Records.

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