Vytegra

Vytegra (Russian: Вы́тегра) is a town and the administrative center of Vytegorsky District in Vologda Oblast, Russia, located along the shores of the Vytegra River on Volga–Baltic Waterway, 315 kilometers (196 mi) northwest of Vologda, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 10,488 (2010 Census);[5] 11,400 (2002 Census);[9] 12,905 (1989 Census).[10]

Vytegra

Вытегра
View of Vytegra
View of Vytegra
Flag of Vytegra
Flag
Coat of arms of Vytegra
Coat of arms
Location of Vytegra
Vytegra is located in Russia
Vytegra
Vytegra
Location of Vytegra
Vytegra is located in Vologda Oblast
Vytegra
Vytegra
Vytegra (Vologda Oblast)
Coordinates: 61°00′N 36°27′E / 61.000°N 36.450°ECoordinates: 61°00′N 36°27′E / 61.000°N 36.450°E
CountryRussia
Federal subjectVologda Oblast[1]
Administrative districtVytegorsky District[1]
Town of district significanceVytegra[2]
First mentioned1496[3]
Town status since1773[4]
Area
 • Total16 km2 (6 sq mi)
Elevation
50 m (160 ft)
Population
 • Total10,488
 • Density660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Administrative center ofVytegorsky District[1], town of district significance of Vytegra[2]
 • Municipal districtVytegorsky Municipal District[6]
 • Urban settlementVytegra Urban Settlement[6]
 • Administrative center ofVytegorsky Municipal District[6], Vytegra Urban Settlement[6]
Time zoneMSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Postal code(s)[8]
162900, 162969
Previous namesVytegorsky Pogost (until 1710),[3]
Vyangi (until 1773)[4]
OKATO ID19222501000

History

It was first mentioned in 1496 as Vytegorsky Pogost (Вытегорский Погост).[3] Since 1710, it was known as Vyangi (Вянги),[3] located at the confluence of the Vytegra and the Vyangi Rivers.

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, Vyangi was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known from 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1715, a shipyard was founded on the Vytegra River upstream from Vyangi, which remained in operation until 1847.[4]

In 1773, Vyangi was chartered and renamed Vytegra[4] and in 1776 Vytegorsky Uyezd was established as one of the uyezds of Olonets Province in the newly established Novgorod Viceroyalty.[11] A sequence of administrative reforms followed. In 1781, Olonets Oblast was transferred to Saint Petersburg Governorate,[11] and in 1784, it was transformed into an independent administrative unit, Olonets Viceroyalty. In 1785, Vytegorsky Uyezd was abolished and merged into Pudozhsky Uyezd. In 1799, Olonets Viveroyalty was abolished and divided between Novgorod and Arkhangelsk Governorates. Vytegorsky Uyezd returned to Novgorod Governorate.[11] In 1801, Olonets Governorate was established, and Vytegorsky Uyezd became one of its several uyezds.[11]

In 1922, Olonets Governorate was abolished and Vytegra was transferred to Petrograd Governorate (later Leningrad Oblast).[12] On August 1, 1927, the uyezds in Leningrad Oblast were abolished and Vytegorsky District with the administrative center in Vytegra was established as a part of Lodeynoye Pole Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[12] On September 23, 1937, it was transferred to newly established Vologda Oblast.[12]

During World War II, Finnish troops occupied the western part of Oshtinsky District and in October 1941, prepared an advance to Vytegra. The Finnish advance was stopped by the Red Army, but the occupation continued until June 1944. Vytegra was under threat for these two and a half years, but was never occupied.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Vytegra serves as the administrative center of Vytegorsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Vytegorsky District as the town of district significance of Vytegra.[2] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Vytegra is incorporated within Vytegorsky Municipal District as Vytegra Urban Settlement.[6]

Economy

Industry

There is a butter-making, a fish-processing, and an automotive and tractor overhaul and repair plants in the town, as well as several metalworking enterprises.

Transportation

Located at the crossing of a waterway connecting central Russia with Lake Onega and a road connecting St. Petersburg with Arkhangelsk, Vytegra was an important transit point for cargo. The idea to build a canal connecting the drainage basins of the Neva and the Volga Rivers was already discussed by Peter the Great, but the canal, formerly the Mariinsky System, was only built in 1810.[4] In the 20th century, it was reconstructed and renamed the Volga–Baltic Waterway. The waterway passes through the town, following the course of the Vytegra River. The passenger navigation on Lake Onega, connecting Vytegra with Petrozavodsk, has been discontinued.

Vytegra is a road junction where a partially paved road connecting to Podporozhye in Leningrad Oblast branches off from the highway connecting Vologda with Medvezhyegorsk in the Republic of Karelia via Lipin Bor and Pudozh. There is bus traffic originating from Vytegra.

The Vytegra Airport in 2011 was not served by regular passenger flights.

Culture and recreation

Город Вытегра, дом Веретенникова (проспект Ленина, 60)
The Veretennikov House in Vytegra

Vytegra contains three objects classified as cultural and historical heritage by Russian Federal law and additionally sixty-six objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local importance.[13] The cultural heritage monuments of the federal significance are the remains of the Mariinsky Waterway from the early 19th century.

The Vytegorsky District Museum is located in Vytegra.[14] Another museum in Vytegra is located in the B440 Foxtrot-class submarine.

References

1909 Церковь Спасителя и Покрова Пресвятой Богородицы. Вытегорский Погост
The Intercession Church in Vytegra, burned down in the 1960s. The photo was made by Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky in 1911.

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Resolution #178
  2. ^ a b c Law #371-OZ
  3. ^ a b c d Вытегорский муниципальный район (in Russian). Администрация Вытегорского муниципального района. 2009. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d e Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 97. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  5. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  6. ^ a b c d e Law #1113-OZ
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ a b c d Snytko, pp. 20–23
  12. ^ a b c Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917-1991) (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
  13. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
  14. ^ Вытегорский районный краеведческий музей (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved December 2, 2013.

Sources

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1113-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Вытегорского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №3058-ОЗ от 30 мая 2013 г. «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований Вытегорского муниципального района Вологодской области и о внесении изменений в Закон области "Об установлении границ Вытегорского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1113-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Vytegorsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #3058-OZ of May 30, 2013 On the Transformation of Several Municipal Formations in Vytegorsky Municipal District of Vologda Oblast and on Amending the Law of Vologda Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of Vytegorsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).
  • Снытко, О. В.; et al. (2009). С. Д. Трифонов; Т. Б. Чуйкова; Л. В. Федина; А. Э. Дубоносова, eds. Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727-1995 гг. Справочник (PDF) (in Russian). Saint Petersburg. Retrieved December 2, 2013.

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