Viviparus

Viviparus, common name the river snails, is a genus of large, freshwater snails with an operculum, aquatic gastropod mollusks.[2]

They are primitive members of the clade Caenogastropoda. The old name of the genus used to be Paludina.

Viviparus
Temporal range: Jurassic–Recent
Viviparus contectus met operculum2
Apertural view of a shell of Viviparus contectus with operculum in place
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Clade: Caenogastropoda
Informal group: Architaenioglossa
Superfamily: Viviparoidea
Family: Viviparidae
Genus: Viviparus
Montfort, 1810[1]
Type species
Viviparus fluviorum Montfort, 1810
Synonyms[2]
  • Contectiana Bourguignat, 1880 (junior synonym)
  • Contectiana (Contectiana) Bourguignat, 1880 (junior synonym)
  • Paludina Férussac, 1812
  • Paludina (Vivipara) Montfort, 1810 (Paludina is a junior synonym of Viviparus)
  • Vivipara (incorrect subsequent spelling)

Distribution

This genus is palaearctic in distribution,[3] and is known from the Jurassic to the Recent periods.[4]

Species

Viviparus belongs to the subfamily Viviparinae. Its taxonomy is currently under development and many of its species are often included in other related genera. It includes the following species:[5]

  • Viviparus achatinoides (Deshayes, 1838)
  • Viviparus acerosus (Bourguignat, 1862)
  • Viviparus aitaiensis Jekelius, 1932
  • Viviparus alexandrieni Cobălcescu, 1883
  • Viviparus altecarinatus Brusina, 1874
  • Viviparus altus Neumayr in Herbich & Neumayr, 1875
  • Viviparus alutae Jekelius, 1932
  • Viviparus ambiguus Neumayr in Neumayr & Paul, 1875
  • Viviparus ampullaceus (Bronn, 1831)
  • Viviparus aquitanicus (Benoist, 1873)
  • Viviparus argesiensis (Stefanescu, 1896)
  • Viviparus ater (de Cristofori & Jan, 1832)
  • Viviparus atriticus Neumayr, 1869
  • Viviparus aulacophorus Brusina, 1874
  • Viviparus balatonicus Neumayr in Neumayr & Paul, 1875
  • Viviparus bazavlukensis (Datsenko, 2000)
  • Viviparus bengalensis (Lamarck)
  • Viviparus berbestiensis Lubenescu & Zazuleac, 1985
  • Viviparus bergeroni (Stefanescu, 1896)
  • Viviparus bermondianus (d'Orbigny, 1842)[6]
  • Viviparus berthae Halaváts, 1914
  • Viviparus berti Cobălcescu, 1883
  • Viviparus bifarcinatus (Bielz, 1864)
  • Viviparus bogdanovi Brusina, 1897
  • Viviparus botenicus Lubenescu & Zazuleac, 1985
  • Viviparus botezi (Porumbaru, 1881)
  • Viviparus bressanus (Ogérien, 1867)
  • Viviparus brevis Tournouer, 1876
    • Viviparus brevis trochlearis Tournouer, 1876
    • Viviparus brevis forbesi Tournouer, 1876
    • Viviparus brevis brevis Tournouer, 1876
    • Viviparus brevis carinatus Tournouer, 1876
    • Viviparus brevis gorceixi Tournouer, 1876
  • Viviparus brusinae Brusina, 1874
  • Viviparus bukowskii Oppenheim, 1919
  • Viviparus bulgaricus Brusina, 1902
  • Viviparus calverti Neumayr, 1880
  • Viviparus carenatus Lubenescu & Zazuleac, 1985
  • Viviparus cerchesi Cobălcescu, 1883
  • Viviparus cibyraticus (Spratt & Forbes, 1847)
  • Viviparus clathratus (Deshayes in Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire et al., 1832)
  • Viviparus conicus Pavlović, 1903
  • Viviparus contectus (Millet, 1813) - Lister's river snail
  • Viviparus contiguus (Stefanescu, 1896)
  • Viviparus courtelaryensis (Rollier, 1892)
  • Viviparus craiovensis (Tournouër, 1880)
  • Viviparus cretzestiensis (Pavlov, 1925)
  • Viviparus crytomaphora Brusina, 1874
  • Viviparus cucestiensis Lubenescu & Zazuleac, 1985
  • Viviparus cyrtomaphorus Brusina, 1874
  • Viviparus dacianus Lubenescu & Zazuleac, 1985
  • Viviparus darchiaci Pavlović, 1903
  • Viviparus dautzenbergi Brusina, 1902
  • Viviparus dehmi Schlickum & Strauch, 1979
  • Viviparus deleeuwi Neubauer, Harzhauser, Georgopoulou, Mandic & Kroh, 2014
  • Viviparus depressus Strausz, 1942
  • Viviparus dezmanianus Brusina, 1874
  • Viviparus diluvianus (Kunth, 1865)
  • Viviparus duboisi (Mayer, 1856)
  • Viviparus eburneus Neumayr, 1869
  • Viviparus egorlycensis Volkova, 1955
  • Viviparus elatiorpseudoturritus Bogachev, 1961
  • Viviparus etelkae Halaváts, 1914
  • Viviparus falconensis Lubenescu & Zazuleac, 1985
  • Viviparus falsani (Fischer in Falsan & Locard, 1867)
  • Viviparus ferratus (Quenstedt, 1884)
  • Viviparus fuchsi Neumayr, 1872
  • Viviparus georgianus (I. Lea, 1834) - banded mystery snail[7]
  • Viviparus getianus Lubenescu & Zazuleac, 1985
  • Viviparus gibbus (Sandberger, 1880)
  • Viviparus glacialis (S. Wood, 1872)
  • Viviparus globulosus (Serres, 1853)
  • Viviparus glockeri (Quenstedt, 1884)
  • Viviparus glogovensis (Stefanescu, 1896)
  • Viviparus goodrichi Archer, 1933 - globose mysterysnail[7]
  • Viviparus gracilis Lörenthey, 1894
  • Viviparus graciosus Jekelius, 1932
  • Viviparus grandis Neumayr in Herbich & Neumayr, 1875
  • Viviparus heberti Cobălcescu, 1883
  • Viviparus hectoris (Hoernes, 1877)
  • Viviparus hellenicus Westerlund, 1886
  • Viviparus herbichi Neumayr in Herbich & Neumayr, 1875
  • Viviparus hoernesi Neumayr, 1869
  • Viviparus inflexus (Ludwig, 1865)
  • Viviparus intertextus (Say, 1829) - rotund mysterysnail[7]
  • Viviparus jalpuchensis (Datsenko in Gozhik & Datsenko, 2007)
  • Viviparus japonicus Von Martens[7]
  • Viviparus jarcae Cobălcescu, 1883
  • Viviparus karaganicus Volkova, 1955
  • Viviparus kaschpurica (Pavlov, 1925)
  • Viviparus kurdensis Lörenthey, 1894
  • Viviparus lacedaemoniorum Oppenheim, 1891
  • Viviparus leiostraca Brusina, 1874
  • Viviparus lignitarum Neumayr in Neumayr & Paul, 1875
  • Viviparus limi Pilsbry, 1918 - Ochlockonee mysterysnail[7]
  • Viviparus loczyi Halaváts, 1903
  • Viviparus lomejkoi Pavlović, 1932†
  • Viviparus loxostomus (Sandberger, 1875)
  • Viviparus lubenescuae Neubauer, Harzhauser, Georgopoulou, Mandic & Kroh, 2014
  • Viviparus lungershauseni Bogachev, 1961
  • Viviparus macarovicii Lubenescu & Zazuleac, 1985
  • Viviparus mamillatus (Küster, 1852)
  • Viviparus mammatus (Stefanescu, 1889)
  • Viviparus mandarinicus (Seninski, 1905)
  • Viviparus mangikiani Bogachev, 1961
  • Viviparus marnyanus Bogachev, 1961
  • Viviparus mazuranici Brusina, 1902
  • Viviparus megarensis Fuchs, 1877
  • Viviparus mehedintzensis Lubenescu & Zazuleac, 1985
  • Viviparus monardi (Haas, 1934)
  • Viviparus monasterialis Fontannes, 1887
  • Viviparus monspesulanus Wenz, 1928
  • Viviparus motasi Papaianopol & Macaleț, 2004
  • Viviparus motruensis (Stefanescu, 1896)
  • Viviparus multicostatus (Seninski, 1905)
  • Viviparus murgescui Cobălcescu, 1883
  • Viviparus muscelensis (Stefanescu, 1897)
  • Viviparus neumayri Brusina, 1874
  • Viviparus neustruevi (Pavlov, 1925)
  • Viviparus nodosocostatus Halaváts, 1887
  • Viviparus nothus Brusina, 1874
  • Viviparus novskaensis Penecke, 1886
  • Viviparus oncophorae Rzehak, 1893
  • Viviparus oncophorus Brusina, 1874
  • Viviparus ornatus Neumayr in Neumayr & Paul, 1875
  • Viviparus ovidii Bogachev, 1961
  • Viviparus ovidiiformis (Datsenko in Gozhik & Datsenko, 2007)
  • Viviparus ovulum Neumayr in Neumayr & Paul, 1875
  • Viviparus pachystoma (Sandberger, 1859)
  • Viviparus pannonicus Neumayr in Neumayr & Paul, 1875
  • Viviparus pantanellii Wenz, 1919
  • Viviparus pauli Brusina, 1874
  • Viviparus phasianella (Boettger, 1887)
  • Viviparus pilari Brusina, 1874
  • Viviparus pollonerae Sacco, 1884
  • Viviparus praecursus (Tournouër, 1879)
  • Viviparus prahovensis Lubenescu & Zazuleac, 1985
  • Viviparus precraiovensis Lubenescu & Zazuleac, 1985
  • Viviparus prutulensis (Datsenko, 2002)
  • Viviparus pseudoachatinoides (Pavlov, 1925)
  • Viviparus pseudodezmanianus Lubenescu & Zazuleac, 1985
  • Viviparus pseudogracilis Strausz, 1942
  • Viviparus pseudomotruensis Bogachev, 1961
  • Viviparus pseudosadleri (Pavlov, 1925)
  • Viviparus pseudovukotinovici Jekelius, 1932
  • Viviparus pulchriformis Papp in Papp & Thenius, 1952
  • Viviparus quadratus Benson, 1842
    • Viviparus quadratus disparis
  • † Viviparus recurrens Penecke, 1886
  • Viviparus rhodensis Bukowski, 1892
  • Viviparus romaloi Cobălcescu, 1883
  • Viviparus rothi Lörenthey, 1906
  • Viviparus rudis Neumayr, 1869
  • Viviparus rumanus (Tournouër, 1879)
  • Viviparus sadleri Neumayr, 1869
  • Viviparus semseyi Halaváts, 1903
  • Viviparus serresi Wenz, 1928
  • Viviparus sphaeridius (Bourguignat, 1880)
  • Viviparus spurius Brusina, 1874
  • Viviparus stefanescui (Stefanescu, 1896)
  • Viviparus stevanovici Neubauer, Harzhauser, Kroh, Georgopoulou & Mandic, 2014
  • Viviparus stricturatus Neumayr, 1869
  • Viviparus strossmayerianus Brusina, 1874
  • Viviparus sturi Neumayr, 1869
  • Viviparus subconcinnus (Sinzov, 1876)
  • Viviparus sublentus d'Orbigny, 1850
  • Viviparus subpurpureus (Say, 1829) - olive mystery snail[7][8]
  • Viviparus suessi Neumayr in Neumayr & Paul, 1875
  • Viviparus suessoniensis (Deshayes, 1826)
  • Viviparus suevicus Wenz, 1919
  • Viviparus sukljei Jenko, 1944
  • Viviparus symeonidisi Schütt, 1986
  • Viviparus syzranicus (Pavlov, 1925)
  • Viviparus tardyanus Locard, 1883
  • Viviparus teschi Meijer, 1990
  • Viviparus tohanensis Lubenescu & Zazuleac, 1985
  • Viviparus tomici Brusina, 1902
  • Viviparus transitorius (Stefanescu, 1889)
  • Viviparus treffortensis Delafond & Depéret, 1893
  • Viviparus tricinctus Liu, Zhang & Wang, 1994
  • Viviparus tuberculatus Berdnikova, 1977
  • Viviparus tumidus Stefanescu, 1896
  • Viviparus turgidus (Bielz, 1864)
  • Viviparus uva (Stefanescu, 1897)
  • Viviparus ventricosus (Sandberger, 1875)
  • Viviparus viminaticus Brusina, 1902
  • Viviparus vinodoli Koch, 1922
  • Viviparus viviparus (Linnaeus, 1758) - river snail
  • Viviparus volgensis (Pavlov, 1925)
  • Viviparus vukotinovicii (Frauenfeld, 1862)
  • Viviparus wesselinghi Neubauer, Harzhauser, Georgopoulou, Mandic & Kroh, 2014
  • Viviparus wolfi Neumayr in Neumayr & Paul, 1875
  • Viviparus woodwardi Brusina, 1885
  • Viviparus zelebori Neumayr, 1869
Species brought into synonymy
  • Viviparus bifarcinatus stricturatus Neumayr, 1869 : synonym of † Viviparus woodwardi Brusina, 1885
  • Viviparus dezmanianus dacicus Lubenescu & Zazuleac, 1985: synonym of † Viviparus dezmanianus turbureensis Fontannes, 1887
  • Viviparus incertus Macarovici, 1940: synonym of † Viviparus wesselinghi Neubauer, Harzhauser, Georgopoulou, Mandic & Kroh, 2014
  • Viviparus malleatus Reeve:[7] synonym of Cipangopaludina malleata (Reeve, 1863)
  • Viviparus rudis strossmayerianus Brusina, 1874: synonym of † Viviparus strossmayerianus Brusina, 1874
  • Viviparus woodwardi argesiensis (Stefanescu, 1896): synonym of † Viviparus argesiensis (Stefanescu, 1896)

References

  1. ^ Montfort D. de (1810). Conchyliologie systématique, et classification méthodique des coquilles; offrant leurs figures, leur arrangement générique, leurs descriptions caractéristiques, leurs noms; ainsi que leur synonymie en plusieurs langues. Ouvrage destiné à faciliter l'étude des coquilles, ainsi que leur disposition dans les cabinets d'histoire naturelle. Coquilles univalves, non cloisonnées. Tome second. pp. [1-3], 1-676. Paris. (Schoell).
  2. ^ a b Bouchet, P. (2014). Viviparus Montfort, 1810. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=154004 on 2014-11-13
  3. ^ Janus Horst. 1965. The young specialist looks at land and freshwater molluscs. Burke, London.
  4. ^ (in Czech) Pek I., Vašíček Z., Roček Z., Hajn. V. & Mikuláš R.: Základy zoopaleontologie. - Olomouc, 1996. 264 pp., ISBN 80-7067-599-3.
  5. ^ "Theba geminata, codringtonia". ipp.boku.ac.at. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  6. ^ Vázquez A. A. & Perera S. (2010). "Endemic Freshwater molluscs of Cuba and their conservation status". Tropical Conservation Science 3 (2): 190-199. HTM, PDF.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "ITIS Standard Report Page: Viviparus". itis.gov. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  8. ^ United States Geological Survey. (2011). "Viviparus subpurpureus". USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL. https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=2769 Accessed 29 March 2011.
  • Vaught, K.C. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne, FL (USA). ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp.

External links

  • Media related to Viviparus at Wikimedia Commons
Bambusa vulgaris

Bambusa vulgaris, common bamboo, is an open-clump type bamboo species. It is native to Indochina and to the province of Yunnan in southern China, but it has been widely cultivated in many other places and has become naturalized in several. Among bamboo species, it is one of the largest and most easily recognized.

Bellamya monardi

Bellamya monardi is a species of large freshwater snail with a gill and an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Viviparidae.

This species is found in Angola and Namibia.

Bowstripe barb

The bowstripe barb (Enteromius viviparus) is a species of cyprinid fish in the genus Enteromius. This species is native to Southern Africa.

The males become golden in colour while the females remain silver-brown. Both sexes have a dark stripe running longitudinally along the flanks.

The specific epithet viviparus ("viviparous") is in error; they lay eggs just like all other Enteromius. Fry have been noted in the lower reaches of slow flowing streams entering rivers, while adults have been noted amongst aquatic vegetation on river margins and in quiet pools in rapids.

Cipangopaludina malleata

Cipangopaludina malleata is a species of large, freshwater snail with an operculum and a gill, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Viviparidae, the river snails.Originally from Japan, C. malleata has been introduced to various areas along the Pacific coast of North America.

Coneyhurst Cutting

Coneyhurst Cutting is a 0.2-hectare (0.49-acre) geological Site of Special Scientific Interest south-east of Billingshurst in West Sussex. It is a Geological Conservation Review site.This road cutting exposes a 0.43-metre (0.47-yard) thick layer of limestone dating to the Lower Weald Clay of the Early Cretaceous around 130 million years ago. The layer contains the fossils of large Viviparus (freshwater river snails) preserved in three dimensions.The site is a road verge which is covered with scrub and trees and no geology is visible.

Dictyocaulus

Dictyocaulus is a genus of nematode parasites of the bronchial tree of horses, sheep, goats, deer, and cattle. Dictyocaulus arnfieldi is the lungworm of horses, and Dictyocaulus viviparus is the lungworm affecting ruminants.

Filopaludina bengalensis

Filopaludina bengalensis, also known as Bellamya bengalensis, is a species of large freshwater snail with a gill and an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Viviparidae.

Nectophrynoides viviparus

Nectophrynoides viviparus is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Tanzania. Common names robust forest toad and Morogoro tree toad have been coined for it.

Sebastes

Sebastes is a genus of fish in the family Sebastidae (though some include this in the Scorpaenidae), most of which have the common name of rockfish. A few are called ocean perch, sea perch or redfish, instead. Most of the Sebastes species live in the north Pacific, although two (S. capensis and S. oculatus) live in the South Pacific/Atlantic and four (S. fasciatus, S. mentella, S. norvegicus, and S. viviparus) live in the North Atlantic. The coast off Southern California is the area of highest rockfish diversity, with 56 species living in the Southern California Bight.

The fossil record of rockfish goes back to the Miocene, from California and Japan (although fossil otoliths from Belgium, "Sebastes" weileri, may push the record back as far as the Oligocene).

Rockfish are important sport and commercial fish, and many species have been overfished. As a result, seasons are tightly controlled in many areas. Sebastes species are sometimes fraudulently substituted for the more expensive northern red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus).

Sinotaia quadrata

Sinotaia quadrata is a species of a freshwater snail with a gill and an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Viviparidae.

Tectarius viviparus

Tectarius viviparus is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Littorinidae, the winkles or periwinkles.

Viviparidae

Viviparidae, sometimes known as the river snails or mystery snails, are a family of large operculate freshwater snails, aquatic gastropod mollusks.

This family is classified in the informal group Architaenioglossa according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005.

Viviparous eelpout

The viviparous eelpout (Zoarces viviparus), also known as the, viviparous blenny and European eelpout is an eelpout in the family Zoarcidae. It is notable for giving birth to live larvae (hence the description "mother of eels"). It is a common soup ingredient in Mediterranean countries. The bones are of greenish colour, due to a harmless pigment. Their skin is slimy and the color is variable.

Viviparous eelpouts grow to a maximum length of 52 centimetres (20 in) and a maximum weight of 510 grams (18 oz). They typically live at water depths up to 40 metres (130 ft). The fish live to a maximum age of 10 years.

Viviparus acerosus

Viviparus acerosus is a species of freshwater snail with an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Viviparidae, the river snails.

Viviparus contectus

Viviparus contectus, common name Lister's river snail, is a species of large, freshwater snail with an operculum and a gill, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Viviparidae, the river snails.

Viviparus georgianus

Viviparus georgianus, common name the banded mystery snail, is a species of large freshwater snail with gills and an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Viviparidae, the river snails.

This snail is native to the southeastern United States. The specific epithet georgianus is a reference to the southern State of Georgia, where the type locality is situated.

Viviparus glacialis

†Viviparus glacialis is an extinct species of fossil freshwater snail, an aquatic gastropod mollusks in the family Viviparidae, the river snails.

Viviparus teschi

Viviparus teschi is an extinct species of freshwater snail with an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Viviparidae, the river snails.

The specific name is in honor of Dutch geologist Pieter Tesch (1879-1961).

Viviparus viviparus

Viviparus viviparus is a species of large freshwater snail with a gill and an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Viviparidae, the river snails.

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.