Vili language

Vili (Civili) is one of the Zone H Bantu languages, grouped with the Kongo clade).

The language has a few thousand native speakers in spread along the coast between southern Gabon and northern Angola, most of them in the Republic of the Congo's Kouilou, Pointe-Noire and Niari departments. The Vili people (Muvili, singular Bavili) were the population of the 17th- to 18th-century Kingdom of Loango in the same region.

Vili
Civili
Native toRepublic of the Congo, Gabon
Native speakers
11,000 (2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3vif
Glottologvili1238[2]
H.12[3]

References

  1. ^ Vili at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Vili". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online

External links

Ibhili language

Vili (Ibhili) is a minor Bantu language of Gabon.

Jean-Félix Tchicaya

Jean-Félix Tchicaya was a Congolese politician in the French colony of Middle Congo. He was born in Libreville on November 9, 1903 and was a member of the royal family of the Kingdom of Loango.

In 1945, he was elected as the first deputy for Middle-Congo and the Gabon in the French National Assembly, a seat he retained until the end of the French Fourth Republic. He helped found the Congolese Progressive Party (PPC), a Congolese branch of the African Democratic Rally, in 1946.

He died in Pointe Noire on January 15, 1961 seeing his rival Fulbert Youlou gain power over a newly independent Republic of Congo.

Ngounié River

The Ngounié River (also Ngunyé) is a river flowing through southwest-central Gabon. It is the last and second most important tributary of the Ogooué River, the first being the Ivindo River. It initially flows down from the Chaillu Mountains, along the border with Congo, and then turns northwest, flowing through the towns of Fougamou, Sindara and Mouila before flowing into the Ogooué.

Vili people

The Vili people are Central African ethnic group, established in southwestern Gabon, the Republic of Congo, Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo. It's a subgroup of Bantu and Kongo peoples.

With the Yombe, the Lumbu, the Vungu, the Punu and the Kugni, they lived harmoniously within the former Kingdom of Loango. They have even developed with the Kugni, the Bundiku, a good neighborly relationship in order to avoid conflicts.

The Vili culture is rich in a secular history, a society that is certainly misogynistic but in which the Matriarchy is the foundation. of a Vili language full of nuances where proverbs have a prominent place. of an original measurement system, of a spirituality whose Nkisi, Nkisi Konde or nail fetishes are the famous physical representation. These artifacts are "commentaries by themselves". They provide keys to the understanding of creativity and identity that prevailed at the time of their creation.While abundant documentation exists concerning the history of the Kingdom of Kongo, the Loango is much less served by the written sources.

The Vili have very early maintained relations of equal to equal with the Westerners, especially in trade. But this contact with the West will soon turn into his disfavor. Triangular trade had certainly enriched a tiny minority of indigenous brokers, but it had above all unbalanced the societal structure of the Vili country. The epidemics of trypanosomiasis, smallpox, the carriage on the back of men had drastically decreased the population of this people.

But it is mainly French colonization that will accelerate its acculturation, especially when some Vili will want to mime the colonizer and take themselves for whites.

Not having family griots, ignorant of the conquest, the distant past and the stories that accompany it, the Vili culture is doomed to disappear if nothing is done to save what can still be.

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