Vijayawada

Vijayawada is a city in the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, on the banks of River Krishna in Krishna district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[5][6][7] The city is the third most densely populated in the urban population of built-up areas in the world and is the second largest city in Andhra Pradesh by population.[8] Vijayawada is classified as a Y-grade city as per the Sixth Central Pay Commission.[9] Vijayawada is the commercial headquarters of Andhra Pradesh. It was recognised as a "Global City of the Future" by McKinsey Quarterly, which expected an increase to GDP of $17 billion by 2025.[10][11] Vijayawada was ISO 37120 Platinum Level certified in October 2018 and has been added to the "Global Cities Registry".[12][13]

The city is known for its landmarks such as Prakasham Barrage across the Krishna river;[14] Krishnaveni Mandapam (River Museum) depicting the history of Krishna river and a nearby idol of the river known as Krishnaveni statue; Gandhi Hill, the first Mahatma Gandhi Memorial in the country, an elevation of 500 ft on the on a hill; Bhavani Island, one of the largest river island amidst Krishna River. The Kanaka Durga Temple is a Hindu temple of Goddess Durga on the Indrakeeladri hill, on the banks of Krishna River. The deity is described as Swayambhu (self-manifested) in Triteeya kalpa.[15] Akkana Madanna cave temple is a rock-cut temple which is located at the lower reach of the Indrakeeladri temple[16]. 'Vijayavatika' and 'Bezawada' are the old names of present Vijayawada.

Vijayawada

Bezawada
Clockwise from top left: VMC pylon, Krishnaveni statue, Deccan Queen, Krishna River and Prakasam Barrage, police control room junction, Kanaka Durga Temple and Telugu Thalli statue
Clockwise from top left: VMC pylon, Krishnaveni statue, Deccan Queen, Krishna River and Prakasam Barrage, police control room junction, Kanaka Durga Temple and Telugu Thalli statue
Etymology: Vijaya
Nickname(s): 
Bezawada
Vijayawada is located in Andhra Pradesh
Vijayawada
Vijayawada
Location of Vijayawada
Vijayawada is located in India
Vijayawada
Vijayawada
Vijayawada (India)
Coordinates: 16°31′09″N 80°37′50″E / 16.5193°N 80.6305°ECoordinates: 16°31′09″N 80°37′50″E / 16.5193°N 80.6305°E
Country India
StateAndhra Pradesh
DistrictKrishna
RegionCoastal Andhra
Incorporated (Municipality)1 April 1888
Incorporated (Corporation)1981
Founded byArjuna
Named forVictory
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyVijayawada Municipal Corporation
 • MayorKoneru Sridhar (Telugu Desam Party)
 • MLAs
 • MPKesineni Srinivas
 • Municipal commissionerJ. Nivas
Area
 • Metropolis61.88 km2 (23.89 sq mi)
 • Metro437.09 km2 (168.76 sq mi)
Area rank2nd (in state)
Elevation23 m (75 ft)
Population
(2011)[4]
 • Metropolis1,034,358
 • Rank27th (India)
2nd (Andhra Pradesh)
 • Density16,715/km2 (43,290/sq mi)
 • Metro1,800,000
Demonym(s)Vijaywadavallu/Bezawadollu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
520 XXX
Telephone code+91-0866
Vehicle registrationAP-16
Official languageTelugu
Websitevijayawada.cdma.ap.gov.in

Toponomy

There are many legends behind the origin of the name Vijayawada. Goddess Durga killed the Mahishasura and relaxed in this place for some time. As she was victorious (vijaya)[17], the place came to be known as Vijayawada (vijaya translates to victory and wada as place/location, literally "The Place of Victory" in Telugu)[18] and the hill was called as Indrekeeladri since it was frequently visited by Indra and his affiliates[19].

The epic Mahabharata refers to the Indrakiladri hills as the place where Arjuna secured Pashupatastra from Lord Shiva. The city thereafter came to be known as Vijayavatika ('Vatika' translates to place in Telugu) and later as Vijayawada.[20]

In some legends, Vijayawada was referred to as 'Rajendracholapura' as Virarajendra Chola won a battle against Chalukyasin 1068 and ruled over this place[21]. A tale behind its acquiring the name Bezawada is that Goddess Krishnaveni (River Krishna) requested Arjuna to make a passage for her to merge into the Bay of Bengal. Hence, Arjuna made a bejjam (hole) through the mountains and the place came to be known as Bejjamwada which later changed to Bezawada.[22][23][24]

Other names of Vijayawada were being Vijayavata, Beejapuram, Kanakaprabha, Kanakapuram, Kanakawada, Jayapuri, Vijayapuri, Phalguna Kshetram & Jananathpura.[25]

Brief history

Bezawada(as Vijayawada was known then) was founded around 626 A.D. by Paricchedi Kings. Vijayawada history reveals that Bezawada (Vijayawada) was ruled by King Madhava Varma (one of the kings of Vishnukundina dynasty).[26] Chinese Buddhist scholar Xuanzang stayed few years in Bezawada (Vijayawada) in around 640 A.D. to copy and study the Abhidhamma Pitaka, the last of the three pitakas (Pali for baskets) constituting the Pali canon, the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism.[27]

Mogalrajapuram hills have five rock-cut temples, built during the 4th–9th centuries. Some of the caves can be attributed to Vishnukundina dynasty. Akkana Madanna Caves, at the foot of Indrakeeladri Hill, is a monument of national importance.[28]

At the foot of Indrakeeladri hills is the temple of Malleswara. The temple has inscriptions dating back to 9th century AD to 16th century AD by various kings. There are ten pillars and a mutilated slab (recognised as monuments by Archaeological Survey of India) with inscriptions in the Telugu language. Of them, the inscriptions issued by Yudhamalla I and II of Eastern Chalukyas are important.[28]

In the early 16th century, during the reign of Qutb Shahi dynasty (also known as Golconda Sultanate), diamond mines were found near Vijayawada on the banks of Krishna River.[29]

Geography

Vijayawada lies on the banks of Krishna River,[30] covered by hills and canals.[8] It is 18.5 km (11.5 mi) from the state capital, Amaravati.[31] and at an altitude of 11 m (36 ft) above sea level.[3] Three canals originating from the north side of the Prakasham barrage reservoir — Eluru, Bandar, and Ryves — flow through the city.[32]

Climate

Vijayawada has a tropical climate (Köppen Aw).[33] The annual mean temperatures range between 23.4–34 °C (74–93 °F); with the maximum temperatures often crosses 40 °C (104 °F) in the month of May and the minimum in December and January.[34] The highest maximum temperature ever recorded was 48.8 °C (119.8 °F) in May 2002, and the lowest was 12.4 °C (54 °F) on January 1997. May is the hottest and January is the coldest month of the year.[34].[35] It receives rainfall from the South-west and North-east monsoons[33] and the average annual rainfall recorded is 977.9 mm (38.50 in).[34]

Demographics


As of 2011 Census of India, the city had a population of 1,476,931. The total population constituted 524,918 males and 523,322 females — for a sex ratio of 997 females per 1000 males — higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[40] 92,848 children were in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 47,582 were boys and 45,266 were girls: a ratio of 951 per 1000. The average literacy rate stood at 82.59% (male 86.25%; female 78.94%) with 789,038 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[4][41] Vijayawada is one of the most densely populated cities with approximately 31,200 people per square km.

Language and religion

Hanuman-vijayawada-paritala
The statue of Lord Hanuman in Paritala Anjaneya Temple located in suburb of Vijayawada is the tallest Hanuman statue in the world.

The predominant language spoken by the city residents is Telugu.[43]

Governance

Civic administration

Vijayawada Municipal Corporation is the civic governing body of the city and was the first ISO 9001 certified urban local body in the country.[44]

It was constituted on 1 April 1888 and was upgraded to selection grade municipality in 1960, and, to the corporation in 1981. The jurisdictional area of the corporation is spread over an area of 61.8 km2 (23.9 sq mi) with 59 wards.[45] The present municipal commissioner of the city is J. Nivas[46] and the present mayor is Koneru Sridhar.[47] Vijayawada is the headquarters of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority.[48]

As per the G.O. 104 (dated:23-03-2017), the state government had declared Vijayawada Municipal Corporation and its contiguous areas as a metropolitan area of Vijayawada.[49] Its jurisdiction is spread over an area of 160 km2 (62 sq mi) and has an estimated population of 18 lakhs.[50] The metropolitan area covers Vijayawada municipal corporation and merged villages of Ambapuram, Buddavaram, Done Atkuru, Enikepadu, Ganguru, Gannavaram, Gollapudi,[2] Gudavalli, Jakkampudi, Kanuru, Kesarapalle, Nidamanuru, Nunna, Pathapadu, Penamaluru, Phiryadi Nainavaram, Poranki, Prasadampadu, Ramavarappadu, Tadigadapa, and Yanamalakuduru.[51] The urban agglomeration spread in Guntur district covers Tadepalle Municipality and its outgrowth of Undavalli; Mangalagiri Municipality and its outgrowths of Navuluru and Atmakur.[52]

Utility services

Water supply from the 59 water reservoirs, maintenance of roads, sewerage, underground drainage, environment protection programs, recycling of solid waste and producing power are the services are provided by the Vijayawada Municipal Corporation.[53] There has been an underground drainage system in the city since 1967–68. Many green parks are maintained by the corporation to protect the environment such as Raghavaiah park, Rajiv Gandhi Park, Dr. B.R Ambedkar Park, Mahatma Gandhi Park etc.[54] The corporation won many awards and achievements such as National Urban Water Award (2009), Siti e-Governance Project, ISO 9001 certification for Quality Management System.[1]

The Andhra Pradesh State Disaster and Fire Response Department with its headquarters in the city[55] are responsible for protecting from fire accidents that occur during summers on the hill slope areas of the city.[56]

Pollution control

Vijayawada is one of the cities to be covered under the Solar/Green Cities scheme launched by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy and is one of the 15 cities in the country listed in Pilot Solar Cities.[57] The city is promoting the use of environmentally friendly transport supported by biodiesel,[58] CNG in auto rickshaws[59] and electric 'E-rickshaws'[60] were introduced.

Law and order

The Vijayawada City Police has its own Police Commissionerate, which is responsible for an area of 1211.16 sq.km.,[61] is headed by a Police Commissioner, who is an Indian Police Service officer of Additional Director General of Police rank along with one joint commissioner of police and four Deputy Commissioners of Police who are also IPS officers. The present Police commissioner is Ch. Dwaraka Tirumala Rao .[62]

Economy

Exterior View of Mall
A view of PVP Mall on M.G. Road
Trenset mall near Benz Circle
Trendset Mall near Benz Circle

Vijayawada is one of the rapidly growing urban markets of the country.[63] The sectors that contribute to the city economy are construction, education, entertainment, food processing, hospitality, registrations, transport, etc.[64] Based on the recommendations of the Sixth Central Pay Commission, it is classified as one of the Y-grade cities of India.[9] The GDP of Vijayawada in 2010 was $3 billion and is estimated to touch $17 billion by 2025.[65]

Andhra Cements (1937) was the first cement factory in Andhra Pradesh. Siris Pharmaceuticals was the first pharma company in Andhra Pradesh and was established in 1950.

The city has trading and exporting markets for agriculture and industrial goods.[65] The Nunna Mango Market is one of the largest mango markets in Asia, exporting to major cities in the country.[66] It is also a hub for storage, bottling, and transportation of petroleum products of all major companies like BPCL, HPCL, and IOC.[67]

The growing population and economy have resulted in rising real estate prices.[68]

Culture

Night view of Prakasam Barrage
Night view of Prakasam Barrage

The city is known in the state for its cultural history,[69] whose residents are more often referred to as 'Bezawadollu'.[70] There are many religions, languages, traditions, and festivals.[71][72] Durga Pooja and a special Theppotsavam in Krishna river are important events of the Hindu festival of Dussera in the city, mainly due to the existence of self-manifested Kanaka Durga Temple.[73] Hazarat Bal Mosque is a Muslim shrine housing the holy relic of the Prophet Mohammed.[74] The Gunadala Mary Matha Church is an important shrine for Christians and illuminates during Christmas Eve.[75]

The city corporation organizes "Happy Sunday," an event organized on the first Sunday of every month at M.G. Road for promoting activities such as sports, games, cultural events, and yoga.[76] The clothing of the locals includes traditional men wearing dhoti and women wearing saree and salwar kameez. Western clothing is also predominant.[77]

Arts, crafts and artefacts

The Vijayawada Art Society promotes Telugu arts.[78] The city hosted Poetic Prism 2015, a multilingual poet's meet on September 19, 2015.[72] All these activities are organized in collaboration with the Cultural Centre of Vijayawada. Kondapalli Toys — which were granted geographical indication in 2007[79] — are handmade by the artisans of Kondapalli, a suburb of Vijayawada.[80] Victoria Jubilee Museum is an archaeological museum in the city, which houses sculptures, paintings, and artifacts of Buddhist and Hindu relics, dating back to the 2nd and 3rd centuries.

Cityscape

Panorama of Vijayawada
Panorama of Vijayawada

The city of Vijayawada has old and new town areas. The One Town area of the city is known as old city area, comprising areas such as Islampeta, Jendachettu Centre, Kamsalipeta, Rajarajeswaripeta, Kothapeta, Ajithsinghnagaram, and Winchipeta.[81] The new city areas include areas such as Autonagar, Benz circle, Chuttugunta, Labbipeta, Machavaram Down, Mogalrajapuram, NTR circle, Tikkle Road, Governorpeta, Pinnamaneni Polyclinic Road and Suryaraopet.[81][82][83]

Vijayawada from Gandhi Hill
Vijayawada city from Gandhi hill

Brindavan Colony, Commercial Taxes Colony, Gunadala, Veterinary Colony are some of the residential areas.[82] Bank Colony, Bharati Nagar, Gayatri Nagar, Currency Nagar, Satyanarayana Puram, Gurunanak Colony,APIIC Colony, LIC Colony, Patamata and MG Road are the upscale residential areas.[84][85] The major commercial areas include the stretch of MG Road and from Benz Circle to Ramavarappadu Ring.[82][85] Other commercial centers are Besant Road, Rajagopalachari street, One Town market area covering Kaleswara Rao Market, and Vastralatha.[86][87][88]

Sister City

Vijayawada has one sister city. In 1993, Modesto, CA was paired with Vijayawada.[89][90]

Vijayawada buildings
Buildings under construction in Vijayawada

Transport

Road

The primary modes of intra-city public transport are city buses and auto rickshaws.[91] Apart from these, other means of transport are motorcycles, cycle rickshaws, and bicycles.[91]:37,44 The Pandit Nehru Bus Station and the Vijayawada railway station are the major transport infrastructure in the city for road and rail transport.[92] Besides those two there are other modes of transport infrastructures i.e., Autonagar bus terminal and city bus port. Another nearest railway station to Vijayawada is Krishna canal Jn. The Pandit Nehru bus station is the administrative headquarters of APSRTC,[93] which is ranked as the fourth largest and busiest bus terminals in the country.[94] The Vijayawada City Division of APSRTC operates close to 450 buses for an average of 300,000 daily commuting passengers[95] and is supported by BRTS corridors.[96] The two major National Highways of NH16(Old NH5) connecting KolkataCuttack-Bhubaneswar-Vishakapatnam-Rajahmundry-Eluru-Vijayawada-Guntur-Chilakaluripet-Ongole-Nellore-Chennai and NH-65 (previously designated as NH-9) connecting PuneHyderabad-Suryapet-Machilipatnam provides access to other states.[97][98] National Highway 30 from Jagdalpur of Chhattisgarh terminates near the city suburb of Ibrahimpatnam.[98] The Inner Ring Road connects NH 16 and 65 to serve the main purpose of easing traffic congestion.[99]

The city has a total road length of 1,264.24 km (785.56 mi), covering 1,230.00 km (764.29 mi) of municipal roads, 22.74 km (14.13 mi) of R&B (Roads & Buildings) department roads, 11.50 km (7.15 mi) of National Highways.[100] M.G. Road and Eluru road are the main arterial roads of the city.[101] Benz Circle is one of the busiest road junctions in the city with an average of 57,000 vehicles crossing daily, The junction has the intersection of two national highways of NH 16 and NH 65.[102]

Rail

[1] Vijayawada Railway Station was established in the 19th Century (Late 1880's) . Vijayawada Railway Station is classified as an A1 category station[103] and is one of the busiest of Indian Railways.[104] Suburban rail services are operated from the railway station to the nearby cities of Guntur and Tenali, Gudivada, machlipatnam, Bhimavaram, Narasapuram.[105][106] The city houses the headquarters of Vijayawada railway division, one of the three railway divisions of South Coast Railway zone(The South Coast Railway-SCoR is the new railway zone of Andhra Pradesh state formed on 27th Feb 2019, comprising three divisions Vijayawada, Guntur and Guntakal & merging the present Waltair{Visakhapatnam} division of Andhra border into Vijayawada division)The station has also a diesel and electric loco sheds which have a capacity of holding 220 locos by both the sheds. Also, this station connects to the major cities of India such as Mumbai, Secunderabad, Chennai, Delhi and Howrah by train. This is also a junction for Howrah-Chennai, Howrah-Bangalore and Delhi-Chennai main lines. This city has also the satellite stations to serve the city in busy times such as Krishna canal Jn. etc.

A new circular railway project proposed would extend up to the state capital, Amaravati.[107][108] The Vijayawada Metro is a planned rapid transit system that would be constructed in two corridors.[109]

Indian Railways WAG 23624 Vijayawada Junction
Indian Railways WAG locomotive at Vijayawada railway station

The city of Vijayawada has several satellite stations such as, Gannavaram, Gunadala, Krishna Canal, Ramavarappadu,[110] Kondapalli, Rayanapadu,[111] Madhura Nagar,[112] Nidamanuru[113]

Suburban and high speed rail

A proposed circular train connectivity would connect Vijayawada with neighbouring cities of Guntur, Tenali, Mangalagiri and the state capital, Amaravati.[114][115].

In September 2017, Hyperloop Transportation Technologies signed an agreement with the Andhra Pradesh State Government to build a Hyperloop between the cities of Amaravati and Vijayawada. The two-phase project would begin with a six-month feasibility study which would be followed by actual construction.[116][117][118] The feasibility study was delayed apparently, at least until February 2018, when the company delivered a "pre-feasibility study".[119]

Waterways

The seamless commuting in the city is supported by the presence of 16 bridges across the three canals of Bandar, Eluru, and Ryves.[120] M G Road and Eluru Road are the major arterial roads of the city,[121] with as many as 90,000 vehicles plying M.G. Road (Bandar Road) itself.[122] The city has a total road length of 1,264.24 km (785.56 mi),[123] used by 678,004 non-transport and 94,937 transport vehicles.[124] The heavy vehicles like lorries are used for freight transport and hold a share of 18% in the country.[125] Short distance commuting is served by 27,296 auto rickshaws plying the city roads every day,[124] which include the women-driven 'She Autos'.[126]

Air

The Vijayawada Airport at Gannavaram provides air connectivity to major metropolitan cities of the country.[127] On 3rd, May 2017, Vijayawada Airport was upgraded from Domestic to International. International Flights Started from December 4th, 2018 by Indigo Airlines to Singapore . [127] During the 2016–17 fiscal year, it registered domestic passenger movement growth rate of 56.1% with a total passenger count of 622,354[128] and aircraft movement recorded a growth of 54.8% with 10,333 aircraft.[129]

Education

NTR University of Health Sciences
NTR University of Health Sciences
VRSEC - V.R. Siddhartha Engineering College - Administrtive office
Administrative office of V.R. Siddhartha Engineering College

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by the government, aided and private schools, under the state School Education Department.[130][131] As per the school information report for the academic year 2015–16, the city limits have 133,837 students enrolled in 529 schools.[132] The state and CBSE syllabus are followed by schools for the Secondary School Certificate.[133][134] The languages of instruction are English, Telugu, and Urdu.[135]

For 10+2 education, there are two government junior colleges, namely, SRR and CVR Government Junior College and Government Junior College (at Vinchipeta); a Railway Junior college; three co-operative, 12 private aided, including the oldest, S.R.R & C.V.R College (established in 1937), Andhra Loyola College (established in December 1953), Maria Stella College for Girls (established in 1962); V.R Siddhartha Engineering College (established in 1977) the oldest Engineering College in Andhra Pradesh, and many private unaided colleges.[136] School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada (SPAV) was established in 2008, a higher education institute in Vijayawada. It is one of the three Schools of Planning and Architecture (SPAs) established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development in 2008 as an autonomous institute and a full central funded institution.

The Sarvotthama Grandhalaya is a city library established on 30 March 1987. It serves an average daily readership of 200, equipped with 22,000 books related to many fields.[137] VMC & VBFS Research and Reference Library is a reader's room/library maintained by Vijayawada Book Festival Society.[138]

Media

Visalaandhra was the first newspaper in the state, started from Vijayawada.[139] As per the 58th annual report of Press India 2013–14, the large and medium Telugu daily publications from Vijayawada include Andhra Jyothy, Eenadu, Sakshi, Suryaa, Andhra Prabha, Telugu Jatiya Dinapatrika Vaartha, Praja Sakti, and Udaya Bharatam. The English publications are Deccan Chronicle, The Hindu, The Times of India, News Boom, The Fourth Voice, and Views Observer.[140]

The All India Radio Vijayawada was commissioned on 1 December 1948.[141] Its building was named after Pingali Venkaiah, the designer of the Indian flag.[142] The channels broadcast by All India Radio are Rainbow Krishnaveni FM,[142][143] Vividh Bharati.[144] Telugu Doordarshan saptagiri is located here.

Sports

Vijayawada PWD Grounds
Vijayawada PWD ground

Indira Gandhi Stadium in the city is the headquarters of the Sports Authority of Andhra Pradesh.[145] It has hosted the only Men's ODI on 24th, November 2002, played between India and West Indies.[146]

The only women's ODI was hosted on 12th, December 1997, played as a group match of 1997 Women's Cricket World Cup between England women's and Pakistan women's teams.[147] Makineni Basavapunnaiah Stadium at Ajit Singh Nagar is another stadium that caters the sporting needs of the northern part of the city.[148] Indoor stadiums include Dandamudi Rajagopala Rao Indoor Stadium (DRRIS) at M.G.Road and Chennupati Ramakotaiah Indoor Stadium (CRIS) at Patamatalanka. The DRRIS was named after the former weightlifter, Dandamudi Rajagopala Rao, who participated in the 1951 Asian Games and the 1956 Olympics.[149] The DRRIS hosted several national and international sporting events, such as the 79th Senior Badminton Champions.[150]

Spoorthy is the first paddler from the city to have represented at International Level.[151] Andhra Cricket Association(ACA) International Cricket Stadium is being built on a 30-acre (12 ha) site at Novlur Village, Mangalagiri Mandal of Guntur district, 15 km from the city of Vijayawada. It will serve as the Andhra Cricket Association stadium.[152] Vijaya Madhavi Tennis Academy is in Loyola College; Loyola College Grounds hosted many national-level events which includes a Ranji match.[153]

The Railway Sports Stadium, near the Railway Station, Hosted several National Level Railway and a few Non-Railway events. This stadium has a gallery facility of over 10,000 people. Makineni Basava Punnaiah stadium is another open stadium in the city. Dandamudi Raja Gopal Rao Indoor Stadium is one of the noted Badminton Stadiums in AP. It hosted several national level badminton and table tennis championships.[154][155]

The city has been confirmed for the 6th round of the 2018 F1H2O World Championship: UIM F1H2O Amaravati Grand Prix that will be held on 16,17,18 November 2018 in the Krishna river.[156]

See also

References

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External links

Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh () (pronunciation ) is one of the 29 states of India. Situated in the south-east of the country, it is the seventh-largest state in India, covering an area of 162,970 km2 (62,920 sq mi). As per the 2011 census, it is the tenth most populous state, with 49,386,799 inhabitants. The largest city in Andhra Pradesh is Visakhapatnam. Telugu, one of the classical languages of India, is the major and official language of Andhra Pradesh.On 2 June 2014, the north-western portion of Andhra Pradesh was separated to form the new state Telangana and the longtime capital of Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad, was transferred to Telangana as part of the division. However, in accordance with the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, Hyderabad was to remain as the acting capital of both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states for a period of time not exceeding ten years. The new riverfront de facto capital, Amaravati, is under the jurisdiction of the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority (APCRDA).Andhra Pradesh has a coastline of 974 km (605 mi) – the second longest coastline among the states of India, after Gujarat – with jurisdiction over almost 15,000 km2 of territorial waters. The state is bordered by Telangana in the north-west, Chhattisgarh and Odisha in the north-east, Karnataka in the west, Tamil Nadu in the south, and to the east lies the Bay of Bengal. The small enclave of Yanam, a district of Puducherry, lies to the south of Kakinada in the Godavari delta on the eastern side of the state.The state is made up of the two major regions of Rayalaseema, in the inland southwestern part of the state, and Coastal Andhra to the east and northeast, bordering the Bay of Bengal. The state comprises thirteen districts in total, nine of which are located in Coastal Andhra and four in Rayalaseema. The largest city and commercial hub of the state are Visakhapatnam, located on the Bay of Bengal, with a GDP of US$43.5 billion; the second largest city in the state is Vijayawada, located on the banks of the Krishna River, which has a GDP of US$3 billion (as of 2010). The economy of Andhra Pradesh is the seventh-largest state economy in India with ₹8.70 lakh crore (US$120 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹142,000 (US$2,000).Andhra Pradesh hosted 121.8 million visitors in 2015, a 30% growth in tourist arrivals over the previous year, making it the third most-visited state in India. The Tirumala Venkateswara Temple in Tirupati is one of the world's most visited religious sites, with 18.25 million visitors per year. Other pilgrimage centres in the state include the Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga at Srisailam, the Srikalahasteeswara Temple at Srikalahasti, the Ameen Peer Dargah in Kadapa, the Mahachaitya at Amaravathi, the Kanaka Durga Temple in Vijayawada, and Prasanthi Nilayam in Puttaparthi. The state's natural attractions include the beaches of Visakhapatnam, hill stations such as the Araku Valley and Horsley Hills, and the island of Konaseema in the Godavari River delta.

East Coast State Railway

The East Coast State Railway was a railway company operating in India. It was a guaranteed company formed in 1890. It had a brief existence. The southern part of the East Coast State Railway (from Waltair to Vijayawada) was taken over by Madras Railway in 1901.The northern part of the line was merged with Bengal Nagpur Railway in 1902.During the period 1893 to 1896, 1,287 km (800 mi) of the East Coast State Railway, from Vijayawada to Cuttack was built and opened to traffic. It included the line to Puri.

Gudivada–Machilipatnam branch line

The Gudivada–Machilipatnam branch line is a railway line connecting Gudivada and Machilipatnam of Krishna district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Further, this section intersects Vijayawada–Nidadavolu loop line at Gudivada.

Guntur–Krishna Canal section

The Guntur–Krishna Canal section is a section of Indian Railways. It connects Krishna Canal railway station with Guntur railway station and further, it also connects Howrah-Chennai main line at Krishna Canal, Guntur-Macherla section and Guntur-Tenali sections at Guntur Junction.

Howrah–Chennai main line

The Howrah–Chennai main line is a railway line connecting Chennai and Kolkata cutting across Eastern Coastal Plains of India. It covers a distance of 1,661 kilometres (1,032 mi) across, West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

Kazipet–Vijayawada section

The Kazipet–Vijayawada section is a railway line connecting Kazipet and Vijayawada. This 201.14 km (125 mi) track is part of the Delhi-Chennai line. The section is under the jurisdiction of South Central Railway.

Krishna district

Krishna district is an administrative district in the Coastal Andhra region of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Machilipatnam is the administrative headquarters and Vijayawada is the most populated city in the district. It has an area of 8,727 km2 (3,370 sq mi) and had a population of 45,29,009 as per 2011 census of India. It is bounded by West Godavari on the east, Bay of Bengal on the South, Guntur and Suryapet districts in the west and a portion of it also borders with the state of Telangana. Krishna District is formed from District of Rajahmundry in 1859, Guntur district was separated from Krishna in 1904 to form Krishna district which was further divided in 1925, to Krishna and West Godavari districts.Krishna district is the most developed district in Andhra Pradesh.

Nellore railway station

Nellore railway station (station code:NLR) is a railway station of the city of Nellore in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is situated on Vijayawada-Gudur section, under the administered of Vijayawada railway division of South Coast Railway zone.

South Coast Railway zone

The South Coast Railway zone (abbreviated SCoR) is the newest and 18th railway zone announced in India with its headquarters at Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. This shall include AP part of the existing Waltair (to be merged into Vijayawada division), Vijayawada, Guntur and Guntakal divisions.

The jurisdiction of the South Coast Railway zone is spread over the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana and small portion of Tamil Nadu.

Vijayawada (Lok Sabha constituency)

Vijayawada (Lok Sabha constituency) is one of the 25 Lok Sabha constituencies of Andhra Pradesh in India. Kesineni Srinivas is the present MP of the constituency representing Telugu Desam Party.

Vijayawada Airport

Vijayawada International Airport (IATA: VGA, ICAO: VOBZ) is a Public International Airport serving Andhra Pradesh Capital Region. The airport is located at Gannavaram in Vijayawada, where National Highway 16 connecting Chennai to Kolkata passes through.

Vijayawada Central (Assembly constituency)

Vijayawada Central (Assembly constituency) is a constituency of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly in India. It is one of 16 constituencies in the Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh. As per the Delimitation Orders (2008), Vijayawada Central (Assembly constituency) was formed and covers, Vijayawada (urban) mandal (Part), Vijayawada (urban) (M.Corp) (Part), Vijayawada (M.Corp) - Ward No.14, 20 to 31, 33 to 35, 42 to 44, 49, 77 and 78.

Vijayawada East (Assembly constituency)

Vijayawada East (Assembly constituency) is a constituency of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly in India. It is one of 16 constituencies in the Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh. As per the Delimitation Orders (1967), Vijayawada East (Assembly constituency) was formed. As per the Delimitation Orders (2008), the constituency covers Vijayawada (urban) mandal (Part), Vijayawada (urban) (M.Corp) (Part), Vijayawada (M.Corp) - Ward No. 32, 36 to 41, 45 to 48 and 50 to 74.

Vijayawada Junction railway station

Vijayawada railway station (station code:BZA) is an Indian railway station in Vijayawada of Andhra Pradesh. It is classified as one of the A-1 and Model station in the Vijayawada railway division of South Coast Railway zone. It is the fourth busiest railway station in the country after Howrah Junction, Kanpur Central and New Delhi. at the

junction of Howrah-Chennai and New Delhi–Chennai main lines. The station everyday serves about 1.40 lakh passengers, over 180 express and 150 freight trains.

Vijayawada Metro

Vijayawada Metro is a proposed rapid transit system in the Indian city of Vijayawada. The system is proposed to reduce traffic congestion in the city and consists of two corridors in phase-I covering 26.03 km. The project is estimated to cost 6,769 crore.

Vijayawada West (Assembly constituency)

Vijayawada West (Assembly constituency) is a constituency of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly in India. It is one of 16 constituencies in the Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh and also one of the seven assembly segments of Vijayawada (Lok Sabha constituency). As per the Delimitation Orders (1967), Vijayawada West (Assembly constituency) was formed. It covers Vijayawada (urban) mandal (Part), Vijayawada (urban) (M.Corp) (Part), and Vijayawada (M.Corp) - Ward No.1 to 13, 15 to 19, 75 and 76.

Vijayawada railway division

Vijayawada railway division (formerly: Bezawada railway division) is one of the four railway divisions under South Coast Railway zone of the Indian Railways. The headquarters of the division are located at Vijayawada.

Vijayawada–Gudur section

The Vijayawada–Gudur section is a railway line connecting Vijayawada in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and Gudur. The main line is part of the Howrah-Chennai and New Delhi–Chennai main lines.

Vijayawada–Nidadavolu loop line

The Vijayawada–Nidadavolu loop line is a loop of Vijayawada–Gudivada–Bhimavaram Town–Nidadavolu railway stations. Both Vijayawada and Nidadavolu stations lie on Howrah-Chennai main line. It is under the administrative jurisdiction of Vijayawada railway division of South Coast Railway zone.

Climate data for Vijayawada (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.2
(86.4)
32.9
(91.2)
35.7
(96.3)
37.9
(100.2)
40.0
(104.0)
37.6
(99.7)
33.9
(93.0)
32.8
(91.0)
33.1
(91.6)
32.1
(89.8)
31.2
(88.2)
30.2
(86.4)
34.0
(93.2)
Average low °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
20.3
(68.5)
22.7
(72.9)
25.4
(77.7)
27.2
(81.0)
27.0
(80.6)
25.4
(77.7)
25.1
(77.2)
24.9
(76.8)
23.7
(74.7)
21.2
(70.2)
18.9
(66.0)
23.4
(74.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1
(0.0)
4
(0.2)
5
(0.2)
15
(0.6)
71
(2.8)
136
(5.4)
250
(9.8)
197
(7.8)
164
(6.5)
169
(6.7)
45
(1.8)
10
(0.4)
1,067
(42.2)
Average precipitation days 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.8 2.5 6.8 12.1 10.5 8.8 7.7 2.5 0.8 54.5
Source #1: India Meteorological Department[34]
Source #2: Climate-Data.org[36]
Vijayawada population 
CensusPop.
18718,206
18819,36614.1%
189120,224115.9%
190124,22419.8%
191132,86735.7%
192144,15934.4%
193160,42736.8%
194186,18442.6%
1951161,19887.0%
1961234,36045.4%
1971344,60747.0%
1981543,00857.6%
1991701,82729.2%
2001845,21720.4%
20111,476,93174.7%
  • 1971 and 1981 populations are that of Vijayawada Urban Agglomeration.[37]
  • 1991 and 2001 populations are Vijayawada municipal area populations.[38]
  • 2011 population is from Census of India.[39]
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