Vietnamese military ranks and insignia

Vietnamese military ranks and insignia are specified by the National Assembly of Vietnam through Law on Vietnam People's Army Officer (No: 6-LCT/HĐNN7) on 30 December 1981.[1][2]

The Vietnam People's Army distinguishes three careerpaths: Officers (sĩ quan), non-commissioned officers (hạ sĩ quan), and enlisted members (chiến sĩ).

Because the shoulder insignia of all ranks are represented by an elongated pentagonal epaulette, they are, hence, either detailed or colour-coded to indicate rank, branch, as well as unit.

The shoulder epaulettes from those of enlisted soldiers to field officers are detailed with a silver crest with an encircled silver star. Those of generals and admirals have fully golden epaulettes with corresponding golden crests and encircled stars.

Ranks can show information about branches of military personnel.

Hem Colour of the ranks can show branches:

  • Army (ground forces): red
  • Air Force/ Air defence: azure
  • Navy: dark-purple
  • Border Defence: green
  • Coast Guard: blue.

Army-Air Force-Navy ranks have background are yellow.

Border Defense Force's ranks have background is dark-green and hem colour is red.

Coast Guard's ranks have background is blue and hem colour is yellow.

Table of ranks

Officers

The rank insignia for commissioned officers for the army, navy, air force, border guard and marine police respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Vietnam Vietnam
(Edit)
Vietnam People's Army General.jpg Vietnam People's Army Colonel General.jpg Vietnam People's Army Lieutenant General.jpg Vietnam People's Army Major General.jpg Vietnam People's Army Senior Colonel.jpg Vietnam People's Army Colonel.jpg Vietnam People's Army Lieutenant Colonel.jpg Vietnam People's Army Major.jpg Vietnam People's Army Captain.jpg Vietnam People's Army Senior Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Army Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Army SubLieutenant.jpg None.svg Vietnam People's Army student officer.jpg
General of the Army
(Đại tướng)
Colonel general
(Thượng tướng)
Lieutenant General
(Trung tướng)
Major General
(Thiếu tướng)
Senior Colonel (Colonel Commandant)
(Đại tá)
Colonel
(Thượng tá)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Trung tá)
Major
(Thiếu tá)
Captain
(Đại úy)
Senior Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Junior Lieutenant
(Thiếu úy)
Aspirant
(Chuẩn úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)
Vietnam Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent Vietnam People's Navy Admiral.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Vice Admiral.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Rear Admiral.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Commodorel.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Senior Commander.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Commander.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Lieutenant Commander.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Senior Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Navy SubLieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Ensign.jpg None.svg Vietnam People's Navy student officer.jpg
Admiral
(Đô đốc)
Vice Admiral
(Phó Đô đốc)
Rear Admiral
(Chuẩn Đô đốc)
Senior Captain
(Đại tá)
Captain
(Thượng tá)
Commander
(Trung tá)
Lieutenant Commander
(Thiếu tá)
Senior Lieutenant
(Đại úy)
Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Sub-Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Ensign
(Thiếu úy)
Aspirant
(Chuẩn úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)
Vietnam Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent Vietnam People's Air Force Colonel General.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Lieutenant General.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Major General.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Senior Colonel.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Colonel.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Lieutenant Colonel.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Major.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Captain.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Senior Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force SubLieutenant.jpg None.svg Vietnam People's Air Force student officer.jpg
Colonel general
(Thượng tướng)
Lieutenant General
(Trung tướng)
Major General
(Thiếu tướng)
Senior Colonel (Colonel Commandant)
(Đại tá)
Colonel
(Thượng tá)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Trung tá)
Major
(Thiếu tá)
Captain
(Đại úy)
Senior Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Junior Lieutenant
(Thiếu úy)
Aspirant
(Chuẩn úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)
Vietnam Vietnam No equivalent
Vietnam Border Defense Force Colonel General.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Major General.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Senior Colonel.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Colonel.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Lieutenant Colonel.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Major.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Captain.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Senior Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force SubLieutenant.jpg None.svg Vietnam Border Defense Force student officer.jpg
Lieutenant General
(Trung tướng)
Major General
(Thiếu tướng)
Senior Colonel
(Đại tá)
Colonel
(Thượng tá)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Trung tá)
Major
(Thiếu tá)
Captain
(Đại úy)
Senior Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Junior Lieutenant
(Thiếu úy)
Aspirant
(Chuẩn úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)
Vietnam Vietnam No equivalent
Vietnam Marine Police Lieutenant General.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Major General.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Colonel.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Senior Colonel.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Lieutenant Colonel.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Major.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Captain.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Senior Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam Marine Police SubLieutenant.jpg None.svg Vietnam People's Navy student officer.jpg
Lieutenant General
(Trung tướng)
Major General
(Thiếu tướng)
Senior Colonel
(Đại tá)
Colonel
(Thượng tá)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Trung tá)
Major
(Thiếu tá)
Captain
(Đại úy)
Senior Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Junior Lieutenant
(Thiếu úy)
Aspirant
(Chuẩn úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer

Enlisted

The rank insignia for enlisted for the army, navy, air force, border guard and marine police respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Vietnam Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent Vietnam-Army-OR-9.svg No equivalent
Vietnam-Army-OR-5.svg No equivalent Vietnam-Army-OR-4.svg Vietnam-Army-OR-2.svg Vietnam-Army-OR-1.svg
Sergeant Major
Thượng sĩ
Sergeant
Trung sĩ
Corporal
Hạ sĩ
Private First Class
Binh nhất
Private
Binh nhì
Vietnam Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent Vietnam People's Navy Sergeant major.png No equivalent
Vietnam People's Navy Sergeant.png No equivalent Vietnam People's Navy Corporal.png Vietnam People's Navy private first class.png Vietnam People's Navy Private second class.png
Chief petty officer
Thượng sĩ
Petty officer 1st class
Trung sĩ
Petty officer 2nd class
Hạ sĩ
Leading Seaman
Binh nhất
Seaman
Binh nhì
Vietnam Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent Vietnam People's Air Force Sergeant major.jpg No equivalent
Vietnam People's Air Force Sergeant.jpg No equivalent Vietnam People's Air Force Corporal.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force First Private.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Second Private.jpg
Sergeant Major
Thượng sĩ
Sergeant
Trung sĩ
Corporal
Hạ sĩ
Leading Aircraftman
Binh nhất
Aircraftman
Binh nhì
Vietnam Vietnam No equivalent Vietnam Border Defense Force Sergeant major.jpg No equivalent
Vietnam Border Defense Force Sergeant.jpg No equivalent Vietnam Border Defense Force Corporal.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force First Private.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Second Private.jpg
Sergeant Major
Thượng sĩ
Sergeant
Trung sĩ
Corporal
Hạ sĩ
Private First Class
Binh nhất
Private
Binh nhì
Vietnam Vietnam No equivalent Vietnam Marine Police Sergeant major.jpg No equivalent
Vietnam Marine Police Sergeant.jpg No equivalent Vietnam Marine Police Corporal.jpg Vietnam Marine Police First Private.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Second Private.jpg
Sergeant Major
Thượng sĩ
Sergeant
Trung sĩ
Corporal
Hạ sĩ
Leading seaman
Binh nhất
Seaman
Binh nhì
Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

Lapels

Level Ground Forces Air Force Navy Border Defence Coast Guard
Vietnam Ground Forces symbol.jpg
Air Force wings
Anchor Navy.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force symbol.jpg
Anchor Marine Police.jpg
General Officers
Vietnam People's Army general rank lapel
Vietnam People's Air Force general rank lapel
Vietnam People's Navy general rank lapel
Vietnam Border Defense Force general rank lapel
Vietnam Marine Police general rank lapel
Field Grade Officers
Company Grade Officers
Vietnam People's Navy Army Captain rank lapel
Vietnam People's Air Force Captain rank lapel
Vietnam People's Navy Commander rank lapel
Vietnam Border Defense Force rank lapel
Vietnam Marine Police Captain rank lapel

See also

References

  1. ^ http://laws.dongnai.gov.vn/1991_to_2000/1999/199912/199912210006
  2. ^ http://www.vanbanphapluat.com/danh-muc-van-ban-phap-luat.html?view=doc&id=83282

External links

History of Vietnamese military ranks

System name of Vietnamese military ranks are a relatively complete set on 22 March 1946 by President Ho Chi Minh, originally based on the military ranks system of Japanese military. Reference designs to the military ranks system of the French military. In 1958, the Vietnam People's Army military ranks system to be changed and used almost constantly since then.

Now, basically, the Vietnamese ranks has no Marshal, General of the Army as some countries. Brigadier General rank did not exist in this system. In contrast, the Colonel General, Senior Colonel or Senior Lieutenant in Vietnam at present do not exist in many countries the military. Therefore, to compare similar levels between Vietnam and other countries, people often use the comparative military ranks equivalent table.

List of comparative military ranks

This article is a list of various states' armed forces ranking designations. Comparisons are made between the different systems used by nations to categorize the hierarchy of an armed force compared to another. Several of these lists mention NATO reference codes. These are the NATO rank reference codes, used for easy comparison among NATO countries. Links to comparison charts can be found below.

Republic of Vietnam Military Forces

The Republic of Vietnam Military Forces (RVNMF; Vietnamese: Quân lực Việt Nam Cộng hòa – QLVNCH), were the official armed defense forces of South Vietnam, a state that existed from 1955 to 1975 in the southern half of what is now Vietnam. The RVNMF was responsible for the defense of South Vietnam since the state's independence from France in October 1955 to its demise in April 1975.

South Vietnamese military ranks and insignia

South Vietnamese military ranks and insignia was used by the Republic of Vietnam Military Forces, specifically the Army, Navy, Marines and Air Force. Originally, visually based around the French ranks, the ranks were changed in 1967 to resemble the US ranks more closely.

Military ranks and insignia by country
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