Vietnamese Canadians

Vietnamese Canadians (Vietnamese: Người Canada gốc Việt), (French: Canadiens vietnamiens) are Canadian citizens who have ancestry from Vietnam. There are 240,615 Vietnamese Canadians, most of whom reside in the provinces of Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, and Quebec.

Vietnamese Canadians
Total population
240,615 (2016)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Toronto, Southwestern Ontario, Ottawa, Montreal, Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver
Languages
Vietnamese, Canadian English, Quebec French, Vietnamese French
Religion
Mahayana Buddhism and Catholicism[2]
Related ethnic groups
Vietnamese, Vietnamese Americans, Vietnamese people in France

History and demographics

Mainstream Vietnamese communities began arriving in Canada in the mid-1970s and early 1980s as refugees or boat people following the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, though a couple thousand were already living in Quebec before then, most of whom were students. Most new arrivees were sponsored by groups of individuals, temples, and churches and settled in areas around Southern Ontario, Vancouver, British Columbia, and Montreal, Quebec. Between 1975 and 1985, 110,000 settled in Canada (23,000 in Ontario; 13,000 in Quebec; 8,000 in Alberta; 7,000 British Columbia; 5,000 in Manitoba; 3,000 in Saskatchewan; and 2,000 in the Maritime provinces). As time passed, most eventually settled in urban centres like Vancouver (2.2% Vietnamese), Calgary (1.6% Vietnamese), Montreal (1.6% Vietnamese), Edmonton (1.6% Vietnamese), Toronto (1.4% Vietnamese), Ottawa (1.0% Vietnamese), and Hamilton (0.8% Vietnamese).[3]

The next wave of Vietnamese migration came in the late 1980s and 1990s as both refugees and immigrant classes of post-war Vietnam entered Canada. These groups settled in urban areas, in particular Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal, and Calgary.

Vietnamese immigrants settled mainly in the East Vancouver and in Montreal's downtown and south shore. In Toronto they have settled in the city's Chinatown area near Spadina Avenue and Dundas Street West or to the west in Mississauga.

Vietnamese-Canadian population by province based on the 2016 census:

Province Vietnamese people [4]
 Ontario 107,640
 Quebec 43,080
 British Columbia 41,435
 Alberta 36,780
 Manitoba 5,850
 Saskatchewan 3,690
 Nova Scotia 760
 New Brunswick 885
 Northwest Territories 245
 Yukon 85
 Prince Edward Island 85
 Newfoundland and Labrador 75
 Nunavut 10
Canada Canada 240,615

Canadian metropolitan areas with large Vietnamese-Canadian populations based on the 2016 census:

City Province Vietnamese people [4]
Greater Toronto Area Ontario 73,740
Greater Montreal Quebec 38,660
Greater Vancouver British Columbia 34,915
Calgary Region Alberta 21,010
Edmonton Capital Region Alberta 14,180
Ottawa-Gatineau Ontario, Quebec 9,650
Winnipeg Capital Region Manitoba 5,580
Hamilton Ontario 4,855
Waterloo Region Ontario 5,555
Windsor Ontario 2,555 [5]

Canadian cities with at least 5000 Vietnamese-Canadian population based on the 2016 census:[4]

Rank City Number Comment
1 Toronto, Ontario 36,840 Growing enclaves near Chinatown or in the York, Etobicoke, and North York districts.
2 Montreal, Quebec 25,975 Settled in Montreal's downtown and south shore.
3 Calgary, Alberta 19,515
4 Vancouver, British Columbia 15,690 Settled mainly in East Vancouver.
5 Mississauga, Ontario 14,155
6 Edmonton, Alberta 13,690
7 Surrey, British Columbia 9,200
8 Ottawa, Ontario 8,795 Settled near Chinatown and the downtown districts.
9 Vaughan, Ontario 6,850 Settled in Maple and Woodbridge communities.
10 Brampton, Ontario 6,775

Notable Canadians of Vietnamese origin

Flag of South Vietnam
The flag of South Vietnam is used by the Vietnamese diaspora in North America.

Artists

Athletes

Business

Humanitarians

Entertainers

Fashion

  • Thien LE, fashion designer and founder of the Thien Le

Politicians

Others

Business

In Canada, local Vietnamese media is dominated by:

  • Viet Nam Thoi Bao - Edmonton magazine[7]
  • Thoi Bao - Toronto newspaper[8]
  • Thoi Bao TV - Toronto[9]
  • Thoi Moi - Toronto newspaper[10]
  • Little Saigon Canada - Toronto newspaper
  • Vietnamville - Montreal[11]
  • Phố Việt Montreal, printed newspaper of Vietnamville.ca
  • Viethomes Magazine - Toronto magazine[12]
  • Culture Magazin - Canadian magazine[13]

In Vancouver, a large population of Vietnamese Canadians are self-employed; they're business owners of a variety of businesses, stores and restaurants throughout the city. Vietnamese Canadians also brought their cuisine and phở has become a popular food throughout the city. Vietnamese Canadians also reside in Central City, Surrey, which is a rapidly growing suburb of Metro Vancouver.

In the Toronto area, there are 19 Vietnamese owned supermarkets.

In Montreal there are about 40,000 Vietnamese Canadian population among highest median income and education of Vietnamese Canadians in major cities. There are more than 100 Vietnamese restaurants, hundreds of small size manufacturers of different products from clothing to technology, about 80 pharmacies and hundreds of doctors, dentists, over a thousand scientists, engineers and technicians, about sixty convenient stores and groceries. Since November 2006, Ngo Van Tan has started a daring project to promote and build the first Vietnam Town in Canada called Vietnamville near metro Jean Talon including St-Denis, Jean Talon, St-Hubert and Belanger streets with over 130 businesses already opened in the area. Investment opportunities in Vietnam Town are open to Vietnamese worldwide.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. 8 February 2017. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  2. ^ [1] (Statistics Canada, Census 2001 - Selected Demographic and Cultural Characteristics (105), Selected Ethnic Groups (100), Age Groups (6), Sex (3) and Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) for Population, for Canada, Provinces, Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas 1 , 2001 Census - 20% Sample Data)
  3. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Census subdivision". www12.statcan.gc.ca.
  4. ^ a b c Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Province/Territory". www12.statcan.gc.ca.
  5. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Census metropolitan area/Census agglomeration". www12.statcan.gc.ca.
  6. ^ "West Islander honoured for commitment to diversity". 7 June 2016.
  7. ^ "Viet Nam Thoi Bao".
  8. ^ Thoi Bao
  9. ^ "Thoi Bao TV".
  10. ^ "Tuan bao Thoi Moi - Thoi Moi Canada - Tuần báo Thời Mới". Tuần báo Thời Mới.
  11. ^ Vietnamville. "Vietnamville :: Trang chủ". vietnamville.ca.
  12. ^ "Home - Viet Homes Magazine". Viet Homes Magazine.
  13. ^ "CultureMagazin.com - Vietnamese Asian English Magazine in Canada – Bridge East and West". culturemagazin.com.

External links

Vietnamese Canadian organizations
About Vietnamese Canadians
  1. ^ "A Moonless Night: Boat people, 40 years later (2016)". CinemaClock.

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