Vietnamese Canadians (Vietnamese: Người Canada gốc Việt), (French: Canadiens vietnamiens) are Canadian citizens who have ancestry from Vietnam. There are 240,615 Vietnamese Canadians, most of whom reside in the provinces of Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, and Quebec.
|Regions with significant populations|
|Toronto, Southwestern Ontario, Ottawa, Montreal, Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver|
|Vietnamese, Canadian English, Quebec French, Vietnamese French|
|Mahayana Buddhism and Catholicism|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Vietnamese, Vietnamese Americans, Vietnamese people in France|
Mainstream Vietnamese communities began arriving in Canada in the mid-1970s and early 1980s as refugees or boat people following the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, though a couple thousand were already living in Quebec before then, most of whom were students. Most new arrivees were sponsored by groups of individuals, temples, and churches and settled in areas around Southern Ontario, Vancouver, British Columbia, and Montreal, Quebec. Between 1975 and 1985, 110,000 settled in Canada (23,000 in Ontario; 13,000 in Quebec; 8,000 in Alberta; 7,000 British Columbia; 5,000 in Manitoba; 3,000 in Saskatchewan; and 2,000 in the Maritime provinces). As time passed, most eventually settled in urban centres like Vancouver (2.2% Vietnamese), Calgary (1.6% Vietnamese), Montreal (1.6% Vietnamese), Edmonton (1.6% Vietnamese), Toronto (1.4% Vietnamese), Ottawa (1.0% Vietnamese), and Hamilton (0.8% Vietnamese).
The next wave of Vietnamese migration came in the late 1980s and 1990s as both refugees and immigrant classes of post-war Vietnam entered Canada. These groups settled in urban areas, in particular Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal, and Calgary.
Vietnamese immigrants settled mainly in the East Vancouver and in Montreal's downtown and south shore. In Toronto they have settled in the city's Chinatown area near Spadina Avenue and Dundas Street West or to the west in Mississauga.
Vietnamese-Canadian population by province based on the 2016 census:
|Province||Vietnamese people |
|Prince Edward Island||85|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||75|
Canadian metropolitan areas with large Vietnamese-Canadian populations based on the 2016 census:
|City||Province||Vietnamese people |
|Greater Toronto Area||Ontario||73,740|
|Greater Vancouver||British Columbia||34,915|
|Edmonton Capital Region||Alberta||14,180|
|Winnipeg Capital Region||Manitoba||5,580|
Canadian cities with at least 5000 Vietnamese-Canadian population based on the 2016 census:
|1||Toronto, Ontario||36,840||Growing enclaves near Chinatown or in the York, Etobicoke, and North York districts.|
|2||Montreal, Quebec||25,975||Settled in Montreal's downtown and south shore.|
|4||Vancouver, British Columbia||15,690||Settled mainly in East Vancouver.|
|7||Surrey, British Columbia||9,200|
|8||Ottawa, Ontario||8,795||Settled near Chinatown and the downtown districts.|
|9||Vaughan, Ontario||6,850||Settled in Maple and Woodbridge communities.|
In Canada, local Vietnamese media is dominated by:
In Vancouver, a large population of Vietnamese Canadians are self-employed; they're business owners of a variety of businesses, stores and restaurants throughout the city. Vietnamese Canadians also brought their cuisine and phở has become a popular food throughout the city. Vietnamese Canadians also reside in Central City, Surrey, which is a rapidly growing suburb of Metro Vancouver.
In the Toronto area, there are 19 Vietnamese owned supermarkets.
In Montreal there are about 40,000 Vietnamese Canadian population among highest median income and education of Vietnamese Canadians in major cities. There are more than 100 Vietnamese restaurants, hundreds of small size manufacturers of different products from clothing to technology, about 80 pharmacies and hundreds of doctors, dentists, over a thousand scientists, engineers and technicians, about sixty convenient stores and groceries. Since November 2006, Ngo Van Tan has started a daring project to promote and build the first Vietnam Town in Canada called Vietnamville near metro Jean Talon including St-Denis, Jean Talon, St-Hubert and Belanger streets with over 130 businesses already opened in the area. Investment opportunities in Vietnam Town are open to Vietnamese worldwide.