Vietnamese Canadians

Vietnamese Canadians (Vietnamese: Người Canada gốc Việt), (French: Canadiens vietnamiens) are Canadian citizens who have ancestry from Vietnam. There are 240,615 Vietnamese Canadians, most of whom reside in the provinces of Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, and Quebec.

Vietnamese Canadians
Total population
240,615 (2016)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Toronto, Hamilton, Southwestern Ontario, Ottawa, Montreal, Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver
Vietnamese, Canadian English, Quebec French, Vietnamese French
Mahayana Buddhism and Catholicism[2]
Related ethnic groups
Vietnamese, Vietnamese Americans, Vietnamese people in France

History and demographics

Mainstream Vietnamese communities began arriving in Canada in the mid-1970s and early 1980s as refugees or boat people following the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, though a couple thousand were already living in Quebec before then, most of whom were students. Most new arrivees were sponsored by groups of individuals, temples, and churches and settled in areas around Southern Ontario, Vancouver, British Columbia, and Montreal, Quebec. Between 1975 and 1985, 110,000 settled in Canada (23,000 in Ontario; 13,000 in Quebec; 8,000 in Alberta; 7,000 British Columbia; 5,000 in Manitoba; 3,000 in Saskatchewan; and 2,000 in the Maritime provinces). As time passed, most eventually settled in urban centres like Vancouver (2.2% Vietnamese), Calgary (1.6% Vietnamese), Montreal (1.6% Vietnamese), Edmonton (1.6% Vietnamese), Toronto (1.4% Vietnamese), Ottawa (1.0% Vietnamese), and Hamilton (0.8% Vietnamese).[3]

The next wave of Vietnamese migration came in the late 1980s and 1990s as both refugees and immigrant classes of post-war Vietnam entered Canada. These groups settled in urban areas, in particular Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal, and Calgary.

Vietnamese immigrants settled mainly in the East Vancouver and in Montreal's downtown and south shore. In Toronto they have settled in the city's Chinatown area near Spadina Avenue and Dundas Street West or to the west in Mississauga.

Vietnamese-Canadian population by province based on the 2016 census:

Province Vietnamese people [4]
 Ontario 107,640
 Quebec 43,080
 British Columbia 41,435
 Alberta 36,780
 Manitoba 5,850
 Saskatchewan 3,690
 Nova Scotia 760
 New Brunswick 885
 Northwest Territories 245
 Yukon 85
 Prince Edward Island 85
 Newfoundland and Labrador 75
 Nunavut 10
Canada Canada 240,615

Canadian metropolitan areas with large Vietnamese-Canadian populations based on the 2016 census:

City Province Vietnamese people [4]
Greater Toronto Area Ontario 73,740
Greater Montreal Quebec 38,660
Greater Vancouver British Columbia 34,915
Calgary Region Alberta 21,010
Edmonton Capital Region Alberta 14,180
Ottawa-Gatineau Ontario, Quebec 9,650
Winnipeg Capital Region Manitoba 5,580
Hamilton Ontario 4,855
Waterloo Region Ontario 5,555
Windsor Ontario 2,555 [5]

Notable Canadians of Vietnamese origin

Flag of South Vietnam
The flag of South Vietnam is used by the Vietnamese diaspora in North America.







  • Thien LE, fashion designer and founder of the Thien Le




In Canada, local Vietnamese media is dominated by:

  • Viet Nam Thoi Bao - Edmonton magazine[7]
  • Thoi Bao - Toronto newspaper[8]
  • Thoi Bao TV - Toronto[9]
  • Thoi Moi - Toronto newspaper[10]
  • Little Saigon Canada - Toronto newspaper
  • Vietnamville - Montreal[11]
  • Phố Việt Montreal, printed newspaper of
  • Viethomes Magazine - Toronto magazine[12]
  • Culture Magazin - Canadian magazine[13]

In Vancouver, a large population of Vietnamese Canadians are self-employed; they're business owners of a variety of businesses, stores and restaurants throughout the city. Vietnamese Canadians also brought their cuisine and phở has become a popular food throughout the city. Vietnamese Canadians also reside in Central City, Surrey, which is a rapidly growing suburb of Metro Vancouver.

In the Toronto area, there are 19 Vietnamese owned supermarkets.

In Montreal there are about 40,000 Vietnamese Canadian population among highest median income and education of Vietnamese Canadians in major cities. There are more than 100 Vietnamese restaurants, hundreds of small size manufacturers of different products from clothing to technology, about 80 pharmacies and hundreds of doctors, dentists, over a thousand scientists, engineers and technicians, about sixty convenient stores and groceries. Since November 2006, Ngo Van Tan has started a daring project to promote and build the first Vietnam Town in Canada called Vietnamville near metro Jean Talon including St-Denis, Jean Talon, St-Hubert and Belanger streets with over 130 businesses already opened in the area. Investment opportunities in Vietnam Town are open to Vietnamese worldwide.

See also


  1. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. 8 February 2017. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  2. ^ [1] (Statistics Canada, Census 2001 - Selected Demographic and Cultural Characteristics (105), Selected Ethnic Groups (100), Age Groups (6), Sex (3) and Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) for Population, for Canada, Provinces, Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas 1 , 2001 Census - 20% Sample Data)
  3. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Census subdivision".
  4. ^ a b Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Province/Territory".
  5. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Census metropolitan area/Census agglomeration".
  6. ^ "West Islander honoured for commitment to diversity". 7 June 2016.
  7. ^ "Viet Nam Thoi Bao".
  8. ^ Thoi Bao
  9. ^ "Thoi Bao TV".
  10. ^ "Tuan bao Thoi Moi - Thoi Moi Canada - Tuần báo Thời Mới". Tuần báo Thời Mới.
  11. ^ Vietnamville. "Vietnamville :: Trang chủ".
  12. ^ "Home - Viet Homes Magazine". Viet Homes Magazine.
  13. ^ " - Vietnamese Asian English Magazine in Canada – Bridge East and West".

External links

Vietnamese Canadian organizations
About Vietnamese Canadians
  1. ^ "A Moonless Night: Boat people, 40 years later (2016)". CinemaClock.
Anne Minh-Thu Quach

Anne Minh-Thu Quach (born August 14, 1982) is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the House of Commons of Canada in the 2011 election. She currently represents the electoral district of Salaberry—Suroît as a member of the New Democratic Party.

Asian Canadians

Asian Canadians are Canadians who can trace their ancestry back to the continent of Asia or Asian people. Canadians with Asian ancestry comprise the largest and fastest growing visible minority group in Canada, with roughly 17.7% of the Canadian population. Most Asian Canadians are concentrated in the urban areas of Southern Ontario, the Greater Vancouver area, Calgary, and other large Canadian cities.

Asian Canadians considered visible minorities may be classified as East Asian Canadian (e.g. Chinese Canadians, Korean Canadians, Japanese Canadians); South Asian Canadians (e.g. Bangladeshi Canadians, Indian Canadians, Pakistani Canadians, Sri Lankan Canadians); Southeast Asian Canadian (e.g. Filipino Canadians, Vietnamese Canadians); or West Asian Canadians (e.g. Iranian Canadians, Iraqi Canadians, Lebanese Canadians).

Canada–Vietnam relations

Canada–Vietnam relations refer to bilateral relations between Canada and Vietnam.

Ties were established in 1973. Canada has an embassy in Hanoi and a consulate general in Ho Chi Minh City. Vietnam has an embassy in Ottawa and a consulate general in Vancouver. Canada has friendly relations with Vietnam, and Vietnam is confirmed as one of Canada's 25 countries to focus, although Canada is a major critic of Vietnam's authoritarian rule.

Chinese Canadians in the Greater Toronto Area

The Chinese Canadian community in the Greater Toronto Area was first established around 1877, with an initial population of two laundry owners. While the Chinese population was initially small in size, it dramatically grew beginning in the 1960s due to changes in immigration law and political issues in Hong Kong. Additional immigration from Southeast Asia in the aftermath of the Vietnam War and related conflicts and a late 20th century wave of Hong Kong immigration further established the Chinese in Toronto. The Chinese established many large shopping centres in suburban areas catering to their ethnic group.

Flag of South Vietnam

The flag of South Vietnam served as the South Vietnamese national flag during that country's existence from 1948 to 1975. The flag, being of a defunct state, is no longer officially used in Vietnam today, but is still shown and used overseas by many Vietnamese emigrés, particularly those residing in North America and Australia.

The flag was originally inspired by Emperor Thành Thái in 1890, and was revived by Lê Văn Đệ and re-adopted by Emperor Bảo Đại in 1948. It was the flag of the former State of Vietnam (the French-controlled areas in both Northern and Southern Vietnam) from 1949 to 1955, and later of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) up until 1975, after the fall of Saigon. The flag consists of a yellow field and three horizontal red stripes and can be explained as either symbolising the unifying blood running through northern, central, and southern Vietnam, or as representing the symbol for "south" (as in, south from China (Vietnam itself) and also nam meaning south), in Daoist trigrams.

Although the South Vietnamese state ceased to exist in 1975, today the South Vietnamese flag still finds use among private citizens in other countries. Many Vietnamese emigrés (Việt kiều), particularly former South Vietnamese citizens who fled Vietnam in the late 1970s and 1980s as Boat People, consider the current Vietnamese flag offensive as they see it as being representative of the socialist administration they opposed and fled. From June 2002 onward, in the United States, at least 13 U.S. state governments, seven counties and 85 cities in 20 states have adopted resolutions recognizing the yellow flag as the Vietnamese Heritage and Freedom Flag. In contemporary Vietnam, attempts to display this flag had resulted in prosecutions for "propaganda against the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam".

List of Canadians of Asian ancestry

This is a list of Canadians of Asian ancestry. Asian Canadians comprise the largest visible minority in Canada, at 11% of the Canadian population.

List of electoral firsts in Canada

This article lists notable achievements of women, ethnic minorities, people with disabilities, and gay/lesbian/bisexual and transgender people in Canadian politics and elections in Canada.

This list includes:

Members of Parliament—Members of the House of Commons of Canada;

Senators—Members of the Senate of Canada

Governor-General—Canadian Governors General and Lieutenant Governors

Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs);

Members of Provincial Parliament (MPPs in Ontario);

Members of the National Assembly (MNAs) in Quebec; and

Members of the House of Assembly (MHAs) in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Overseas Vietnamese

Overseas Vietnamese (Vietnamese: Người Việt hải ngoại, which literally means "Overseas Vietnamese", or Việt Kiều, a Sino-Vietnamese word (越僑) literally translating to "Vietnamese sojourner") refers to Vietnamese people living outside Vietnam in a diaspora, by far the largest community of which live in the United States. Of the about 4.5 million Overseas Vietnamese, a majority left Vietnam as economic and political refugees after the 1975 capture of Saigon and the North Vietnamese takeover of the pro-U.S. South Vietnam.

The term "Việt Kiều" (literally translating to "Vietnamese sojourner") is used by people in Vietnam to refer to ethnic Vietnamese living outside the country. It is not the Overseas Vietnamese's term of self-identification; most Overseas Vietnamese prefer the term of Người Việt hải ngoại (literally translating to Overseas Vietnamese), or occasionally the politically-charged Người Việt tự do (Free Vietnamese).

Saigon Broadcasting Television Network

Saigon Broadcasting Television Network, abbreviated SBTN, is the first 24-hour Vietnamese language channel geared towards the Vietnamese diaspora. The network is targeted at Vietnamese audiences living outside of Vietnam. The channel provides television programs in the field of Vietnamese history, news, culture, economics, talk shows, children's shows, sitcoms, games shows; Production of radio and television programs primarily. The channel strives to serve as a lifeline for the 1st, 1.5 & 2nd generation with extensive news both US and Vietnamese related, as well as covering educational programming and daily entertainment for the whole family, such as talk shows, dramas, Asian movies and documentaries; it also aims to help preserve Vietnamese culture for Vietnamese populations living abroad.The headquarters are in Garden Grove, California.SBTN has local affiliates in Boston, Massachusetts (Boston Vietnamese Media), Washington, D.C. (SBTN-DC), Dallas, Texas (SBTN DFW), and Honolulu, Hawaii.A Canadian version, SBTN Canada, is available in Canada for Vietnamese Canadians, with programming from the United States service, plus content produced in Canada; this service is owned by the Ethnic Channels Group, under license from SBTN.

Vietnamese Americans

Vietnamese Americans (Vietnamese: Người Mỹ gốc Việt) are Americans of Vietnamese descent. They make up about half of all overseas Vietnamese (Vietnamese: Người Việt hải ngoại) and are the fourth-largest Asian American ethnic group after Chinese Americans, Filipino Americans, and Indian Americans, and have developed distinctive characteristics in the United States.

South Vietnamese immigration to the United States began after the Vietnam War ended in 1975. Early immigrants were refugee boat people, fleeing persecution or seeking economic opportunities. More than half of Vietnamese Americans reside in the states of California and Texas.

Vietnamese Canadians in the Greater Toronto Area

Toronto has a significant population of Vietnamese Canadians.

Canadian people
and society
List of
Canadians of Asian descent by area of origin
Central Asia
East Asia
Southeast Asia
South Asia
West Asia

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