Videography refers to the process of capturing moving images on electronic media (e.g., videotape, direct to disk recording, or solid state storage) and even streaming media. The term includes methods of video production and post-production. It could be considered the video equivalent of cinematography (moving images recorded on film stock). The advent of digital video recording in the late 20th century blurred the distinction between videography and cinematography, as in both methods the intermittent mechanism became the same. Nowadays, any video work outside commercial motion picture production could be called videography.
The arrival of computers and the Internet in the 1980s created a global environment where videography covered many more fields than just shooting video with a camera, including digital animation (such as Flash), gaming, web streaming, video blogging, still slideshows, remote sensing, spatial imaging, medical imaging, security camera imaging, and in general the production of most bitmap and vector based assets. As the field progresses, videographers may produce their assets entirely on a computer without ever involving an imaging device, using software-driven solutions. Moreover, the very concept of sociability and privacy are being reformed by the proliferation of cell-phone, surveillance video, or Action-cameras, which are spreading at an exceptional rate globally.
In social sciences, videography also refers to a specific research method of video analysis, that combines ethnography with the recording of sequences of interaction that are analysed in details with methods developed on the basis of conversation analysis. One of the best known application is in workplace studies.
American singer-actress Cher has released numerous music video titles since 1989 on VHS, Laserdisc, VCD and DVD. These listings include the official international videography, some titles and formats were only released in certain countries such as North America or the UK. Cher has also appeared on DVD releases for VH1 Divas live concerts Divas Live '99, Divas 2002.
This list includes a comprehensive listing of official music video releases by Cher. Cher was ranked #17 on VH1's "50 Greatest Women of The Video Era" list.Elton John videography
The videography of Elton John consists of 119 music videos and 17 video albums. Since 1970, John has continually released promotional music videos, beginning with "Your Song" and only sporadically releasing videos thereafter. It was not until Visions in 1981, a release that included music videos of every song from his album The Fox, as well as the rise of MTV, that he began to release videos more frequently. He had usually appeared in his music videos, but after 2001, John began appearing less and less in his own videos, sometimes opting to have other actors, such famous names as Justin Timberlake and Robert Downey, Jr., lip-synch the lyrics.Jay-Z videography
This is the videography for American hip hop musician Jay-Z. They often involve him performing.Jonas Åkerlund
Hans Uno Jonas Åkerlund (Swedish: [ˈhɑːns ˈʉːnʊ ²juːnas ²oːkɛˌɭɵnd]; born 10 November 1965) is a Swedish film director, screenwriter, music video director, and drummer. His video for Madonna's song "Ray of Light" won a Grammy Award for Best Music Video, Short Form, and a record seven awards at 1998 MTV Video Music Awards, including the Video of the Year.
In 2008 he won another Grammy Award, this time around for "Best Long Form Music Video" for another work with Madonna - directing "The Confessions Tour" DVD. In 2014 he won this Grammy Award again (that meanwhile changed the name to "Best Music Film"), this time for "Live Kisses" Paul McCartney concert film. Jonas Åkerlund, David Mallet and Bob Smeaton are the only directors to have won this award twice sharing the record for most wins in this category (check here all winners and nominees of Grammy Award for Best Music Film).Jonathan Dayton and Valerie Faris
Jonathan Dayton (born July 7, 1957) and Valerie Faris (born October 20, 1958) are a team of American film and music video directors that received critical acclaim for their feature film directorial debut, Little Miss Sunshine (2006). Later the married couple went on to direct the romantic comedy-drama Ruby Sparks (2012), and the biographical sports drama Battle of the Sexes (2017). They are currently slated to direct a new Netflix comedy series, Living With Yourself, starring Paul Rudd.Kiss videography
The following is the filmography of the American rock band Kiss.Lasse Hallström
Lars Sven "Lasse" Hallström (Swedish: [²lasːɛ ²halːstrœm]; born 2 June 1946) is a Swedish film director. He first became known for directing almost all music videos by pop group ABBA, and subsequently became a feature film director. He was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Director for My Life as a Dog (Mitt liv som hund) (1985) and later for The Cider House Rules (1999). His other celebrated directorial works include What's Eating Gilbert Grape (1993) and Chocolat (2000).Live action
Live action is a form of cinematography or videography that uses photography instead of animation. Some works combine live action with animation. Live-action is used to define film, video games or similar visual media. Photorealistic animation, particularly modern computer animation, is sometimes erroneously described as “live-action” as in the case of some media reports about Disney's 2019 remake of The Lion King. According to the Cambridge English Dictionary, live action "[involves] real people or animals, not models, or images that are drawn, or produced by computer".Lucky Ali
Lucky Ali (born 19 September 1958), born Maqsood Ali (Nastaʿlīq: مقصود علی), is an Indian singer-songwriter, composer and actor.Marc Webb
Marc Preston Webb (born August 31, 1974) is an American music video, short film, and film director. He made his feature film directorial debut with the 2009 romantic comedy-drama 500 Days of Summer, and went on to direct the 2012 Spider-Man reboot The Amazing Spider-Man, its 2014 sequel, The Amazing Spider-Man 2, and the 2017 drama films Gifted and The Only Living Boy in New York.Pink Floyd videography
This article includes a complete videography for the British progressive rock band Pink Floyd.
Over the course of their career, Pink Floyd has released six official home videos/DVDs and made 28 music videos.Point-of-view shot
A point of view shot (also known as POV shot, first-person shot or a subjective camera) is a short film scene that shows what a character (the subject) is looking at (represented through the camera). It is usually established by being positioned between a shot of a character looking at something, and a shot showing the character's reaction (see shot reverse shot). The technique of POV is one of the foundations of film editing.Queen videography
This is the videography of the British rock band Queen.Shawn Mendes
Shawn Peter Raul Mendes (; born August 8, 1998) is a Canadian singer, songwriter, and model. He gained a following in 2013, posting song covers on the video-sharing application Vine. The following year, he caught the attention of artist manager Andrew Gertler and Island Records A&R Ziggy Chareton, which led to him signing a deal with the record label. He has since released three studio albums, headlined three world tours, and received several awards.
Mendes released his self-titled debut EP (2014) and his debut studio album Handwritten (2015), whose single "Stitches" reached number one in the United Kingdom and the top 10 in the United States and Canada. He then released his second studio album Illuminate (2016), whose singles "Treat You Better" and "There's Nothing Holdin' Me Back" reached the top 10 in several countries. His self-titled third studio album (2018) was supported by the lead single "In My Blood". All three albums debuted atop the US Billboard 200, with the first one making Mendes one of five artists ever to debut at number one before the age of 18, and the third one making him the third-youngest artist to achieve three number one albums. In 2017, Mendes became the first artist to land three number one singles on the Billboard Adult Contemporary chart. In 2018, he became the first artist to achieve four number one singles on the Adult Pop Songs chart before the age of 20.
Mendes has headlined four concert tours: #ShawnsFirstHeadlines, Shawn Mendes World Tour, Illuminate World Tour, and Shawn Mendes: The Tour. Among his accolades, Mendes has won 13 SOCAN awards, 10 MTV Europe Music Awards, eight Juno Awards, eight iHeartRadio MMVAs, two American Music Awards, and received two Grammy Award nominations. In 2018, Time named Mendes as one of the 100 most influential people in the world on their annual list.Sophie Muller
Sophie Luise Elisabeth Muller (born 31 January 1962) is an English music video director, noted for her long-time collaborations with artists including Cheryl, Beyoncé, Dido, Coldplay, No Doubt, Gwen Stefani, Sade, Shakira, Kylie Minogue, Sugababes, Shakespears Sister, Weezer, Garbage, The Killers, Radiohead, Sophie Ellis-Bextor, Annie Lennox, Björk, Leona Lewis, Eurythmics, Pink, Sarah McLachlan, Birdy and Blur.Super Junior videography
This is a list of official music or promotional videos by South Korean boy band Super Junior and its sub-groups, released by SM Entertainment.
Note: For sub-groups’ and individual members’ Videography, see their articles.Underwater videography
Underwater videography is the branch of electronic underwater photography concerned with capturing underwater moving images as a recreational diving, scientific, commercial, documentary, or filmmaking activity.Zebra patterning
Zebra patterning (or zebra stripes) is a feature found on some prosumer and most professional video cameras to aid in correct exposure. When enabled, areas of the image over a certain threshold are filled with a striped or cross-hatch pattern to dramatically highlight areas where too much light is falling on the image sensor.
Often, a threshold level can be set, e.g. 70%, 80%, 90%, or 100% (with 100% meaning pure white, or over-exposed, AKA 100 IRE). A lower threshold like 70 to 80% can help correctly expose many skin tones, while higher numbers help ensure correct overall scene exposure.