Victory Day

Victory Day (also shortened as V-Day) is a common name of many different public holidays in various countries to commemorate victories in important battles or wars in the countries' history.

Ve Day Celebrations in London, England, UK, 8 May 1945 D24587
People gathered in Whitehall to hear Winston Churchill's victory speech and celebrate Victory in Europe, 8 May 1945

List

Country/Territory Date Details
 Cambodia January 7 This national holiday was established to commemorate the end of the Khmer Rouge regime in 1979.
 Angola March 27 Victory Day in Angola is on March 27.
 Afghanistan April 28 Mujahideen Victory Day – Commemorates the defeat of the Soviet Union in the Soviet–Afghan War and the subsequent victory of Afghan mujahideen rebels over the country's communist government in 1992.
 Vietnam April 30 Day of liberating the South for national reunification – April 30 is an annual holiday in Vietnam to commemorate the defeat of South Vietnam in 1975 at the end of the Vietnam War.
 Vietnam May 7 In Vietnam, May 7, 1954 marks the victory of Vietnam over French forces at the battle of Dien Bien Phu. This victory ended the second French invasion (1946–1954) and began the time of independence for Vietnam.
 Europe May 8 Victory in Europe Day – Victory Day marks the end of World War II in Europe, specifically the capitulation of Nazi forces to the Allies (the Soviet Union, Canada, France, United Kingdom, United States and other principal Allied nations) on May 8, 1945. The British Channel Islands were not liberated from German Occupation until May 9 (Jersey and Guernsey), May 10 (Sark), and May 16 (Alderney).
 Soviet Union
 Yugoslavia
May 9 Victory Day – The Soviet Union and Yugoslavia marked the Day of Victory (Den' Pobedy) over Nazi Germany on May 9. The German Instrument of Surrender entered into force in the West on May 8, 1945 at 23:01 local time (CET), which equated to May 9 in the Moscow time-zone. Some post-Soviet countries, most notably the Russian Federation, have continued the 9 May tradition. Serbians celebrate May 9 as a national holiday, officially called "Victory Day", in commemoration of 1945. In many Serbian cities people gather on the main square with the Serbian army to celebrate the anniversary with war veterans. Called Victory Day over Nazism in World War II in Ukraine.
 Sri Lanka May 18 Victory and Remembrance Day – Victory and Remembrance Day marks the end of LTTE in Sri Lanka, specifically the capitulation of LTTE forces to the SL ARMY on May 18, 2009. This day also honors the many military and civilian dead and wounded on the long civil war that divided the country.
 Estonia June 23 Võidupüha or Victory Day is a public holiday in Estonia, which has been celebrated on 23 June every year since 1934. The date recalls the victory in the 1919 Battle of Võnnu (near Cēsis, Latvia) of the Estonian military forces (and Latvian North brigade) and their allies over German forces (Baltische Landeswehr) who sought to re-assert Baltic-German control over the region. The battle was part of the 1918–1920 Estonian War of Independence, where the main adversary of the newly independent Estonia was Communist Russia. Today, Võidupüha also marks the contributions of all Estonians in their fight to regain and retain their independence. The celebration is ceremonially tied to the Midsummer celebrations on June 24. According to Estonian laws, the state flags are not to be lowered during the night between these two days.
 India July 26 Kargil vijay diwas (Kargil Victory Day) commemorates the 1999 Kargil War between India and Pakistan. Also December 16 is marked as Vijay Diwas (India) for celebrating Indian victory in erstwhile East Pakistan in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 resulting in formation of Bangladesh.
 North Korea July 27 Day of Victory in the Great Fatherland Liberation War – July 27, 1953, North Korea celebrates the Day of Victory in the Great Fatherland Liberation War to commemorate the end of the Korean War.[1]
 Cambodia
 Laos
August 1 Cambodia and Laos claimed their independence from the French colonial empire after withdrawal of the French Army on August 1, 1954.
 Croatia August 5 Victory Day (Croatia)Croatia celebrates the Victory and Homeland Thanksgiving Day and the Day of Croatian defenders on August 5, commemorating the Croatian War of Independence, specifically the capture of Knin on August 5, 1995.
 United States August 14 Victory Day is usually observed in Hawaii and Rhode Island on the second Monday of August. It celebrates the conclusion of World War II, see also Victory over Japan Day. It was a nationally recognized holiday, but it has since been removed because of the nature of the war's ending (i.e. dropping the atomic bomb on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945). Rhode Island retains the holiday in tribute to the disproportionate number of sailors it sent and lost in the Pacific front.
 Vietnam August 19 In Vietnam, they call this day "Cách mạng tháng Tám". This is the end of the First French Invasion (1858–1945).
 Turkey August 30 Victory Day (local name: Zafer Bayramı) on August 30 is a national holiday in Turkey to commemorate the victory in the Battle of Dumlupınar, one of the final and the most decisive battles in the Turkish War of Independence in 1922.[2]
 United Kingdom September 2 Victory over Japan Day (also known as Victory in the Pacific Day, V-J Day, or V-P Day) is a name chosen for the day on which Japan surrendered, effectively ending World War II, and subsequent anniversaries of that event. The term has been applied to both of the days on which the initial announcement of Japan's surrender was made – to the afternoon of August 15, 1945, in Japan, and, because of time zone differences, to August 14, 1945 (when it was announced in the United States and the rest of the Americas and Eastern Pacific Islands) – as well as to September 2, 1945, when the signing of the surrender document occurred, officially ending World War II.
 People's Republic of China
 Republic of China
September 3 Victory over Japan Day (also known as Victory in the Pacific Day, V-J Day, or V-P Day) is a name chosen for the day on which Japan surrendered, effectively ending World War II, and subsequent anniversaries of that event.
 Mozambique September 7 Victory Day on September 7 is a national holiday in Mozambique to commemorate the signing of the agreement to end the Mozambican War of Independence. The agreement was signed between Portugal and Mozambique in 1974, with independence granted in 1975. In Portuguese, the official language of Mozambique, the holiday is known as Dia da Vitória.
 Malta September 8 Victory Day on September 8 is a national holiday in Malta to commemorate the victory of the Knights Hospitaller over the Ottoman Turks in the Great Siege of 1565. It also commemorates the Armistice of Cassibile during World War II, when the Kingdom of Italy surrendered its navy to the Allies in Malta (8 September 1943). September 8 is also the feast day of the birth of Mary, the mother of Jesus, which is popularly celebrated in Xagħra, Naxxar, Senglea, and Mellieħa on the same day. The traditional regatta featuring boat races in the Grand Harbour is also held on this day. The rebellion led by Emmanuele Vitale and Canon Francesco Saverio Caruana against the French troops occupying Malta in September 1800 is also a historical event related to the celebration taking place on this day, despite the anniversary does not fall exactly on 8 September.
 Pakistan September 8 Operation Dwarka – Pakistan celebrates Victory day for Pakistan Navy on September 8 on the occasion of the acclaimed success of Operation Dwarka during Indo-Pakistani war of 1965.
 Egypt October 6 The day of Egypt's victory over Israel in the breaching of the Bar Lev Line in October 1973.
 Italy November 4 Italy celebrates its victory over Austria-Hungary in World War I on November 4, 1918, when the armistice of Villa Giusti, signed 24 hours earlier, took effect.
 Latvia August 11 Latvian Freedom Fighters' Remembrance Day (also known as Commemoration Day of the Latvian Freedom Fighters) is observed on August 11 every year. It was established in 1934 and reestablished in 1995 to commemorate those who died during the Latvian War of Independence in 1918–1920. On August 11, 1920, the Republic of Latvia and Soviet Russia signed the Treaty of Riga, which officially ended the war. The anniversary of this treaty was declared a remembrance day for the people who gave their lives for the independence of Latvia. According to reports, over 3,000 Latvian soldiers were killed during the war.
 Laos December 2 The Pathet Lao's capture of Laos's capital Vientiane which ended the Laotian Civil War on December 2, 1975.
 Bangladesh
 India
December 16 Victory Day on December 16 is a national holiday in Bangladesh to commemorate the surrender of Pakistani forces to allied Indian and Bangladeshi forces in the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. This holiday is known as Bijoy Dibosh (Bengali: বিজয় দিবস) in Bangladesh, and it is also commemorated as Vijay Diwas in India to mark the victory. In India the day is primarily of military significance.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://worldnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/07/25/19672948-kim-jong-un-visits-war-graves-ahead-of-north-koreas-day-of-victory?lite
  2. ^ "ISIL spreads ideology in Istanbul school, prosecutors allege - Turkey News". Hurriyetdailynews.com. 2017-02-10. Retrieved 2019-01-02.

External links

2010 Moscow Victory Day Parade

The Moscow Victory Day Parade of 2010 was held on 9 May 2010 to commemorate the 65th anniversary of the capitulation of Nazi Germany in 1945. The parade marks the Soviet Union's victory in the Great Patriotic War.

It was the largest parade held in Moscow, Russia since the Soviet Union's dissolution in 1991, and saw 11,135 troops, 127 aircraft and helicopters, and the new Topol-M mobile intercontinental ballistic missile taking part. For the first time, the 2010 parade on Red Square also included military units from foreign countries who were allied with the Soviet Union during World War II, with representation from France, Poland, the United Kingdom, the United States and members of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

2015 China Victory Day Parade

The 2015 China Victory Day parade was a military parade held along Changan Avenue, Beijing, on 3 September 2015 to celebrate the 70th anniversary of Victory over Japan Day of World War II. The commemoration was the first high-profile military parade held to celebrate an occasion other than the National Day of the People's Republic of China. 12,000 troops of the People's Liberation Army participated in the parade, in addition to over 1,000 troops from 17 different countries, also about 850,000 "Citizen Guards" were mobilised to guard the city. Xi Jinping inspected the troops. Premier Li Keqiang was the master of ceremonies and Song Puxuan was the chief commander of the parade.

2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade

The 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade was a parade that took place in Red Square in Moscow on 9 May 2015 to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the capitulation of Nazi Germany in 1945. The annual parade marks the Allied victory in the Second World War at the Eastern Front, on the same day as the signing of the German act of capitulation to the Allies in Berlin, at midnight of 9 May 1945 (Russian time). President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin delivered his twelfth holiday address to the nation on this day, right after the parade inspection that was presided by Minister of Defense General of the Army Sergey Shoygu.

Being a landmark jubilee parade honoring the 70th anniversary of the Allied victory in the European continent, the 2015 parade was the largest and most lavish held in Russian history. Col. Gen. Oleg Salyukov, the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Ground Forces, was the 2015 commander. In addition to troops of the Russian Federation, 1,300 troops from 10 foreign countries were also on parade, including contingents from China, India, Serbia, and Mongolia, all four countries making their first appearance at a Russian Victory Day parade.

Following the official parade, over 500,000 Russians and foreign attendees marched through central Moscow in commemoration of those who perished and those who survived World War II. The Moscow leg of this parade, which is an annual Victory Day tradition called the March of the Immortal Regiment and observed in numerous other Russian cities and in several other countries, was led by President Putin whose father served during the war. It is estimated that up to 12 million Russians participated nationwide in the 2015 March of the Immortal Regiment.

Flag of Tunisia

The red and white flag of Tunisia, adopted as national flag in 1959, has its origins in the naval ensign of the Kingdom of Tunis adopted in 1831 by Al-Husayn II ibn Mahmud. The star and crescent recalls the Ottoman flag and is therefore an indication of Tunisia's history as a part of the Ottoman Empire. The current official design dates to 1999.

Mozambique

Mozambique (), officially the Republic of Mozambique (Portuguese: Moçambique or República de Moçambique, pronounced [ʁɛˈpuβlikɐ ðɨ musɐ̃ˈbikɨ]), is a country located in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Eswatini (Swaziland) and South Africa to the southwest. The sovereign state is separated from the Comoros, Mayotte and Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel to the east. The capital of Mozambique is Maputo (formerly known as "Lourenço Marques" from 1876 to 1976) while Matola is the largest city, being a suburb of Maputo.

Between the first and fifth centuries AD, Bantu-speaking peoples migrated to present-day Mozambique from farther north and west. Beginning in the 11th century, Arab, Persian, and Somali merchants began settlements and establishing commercial ports along the coast, contributing to the development of a distinct Swahili culture and language.

The voyage of Vasco da Gama in 1498 marked the arrival of the Portuguese, who began a gradual process of colonisation and settlement in 1505. After over four centuries of Portuguese rule, Mozambique gained independence in 1975, becoming the People's Republic of Mozambique shortly thereafter. After only two years of independence, the country descended into an intense and protracted civil war lasting from 1977 to 1992. In 1994, Mozambique held its first multiparty elections, and has since remained a relatively stable presidential republic, although it still faces a low-intensity insurgency.Mozambique is endowed with rich and extensive natural resources. The country's economy is based largely on agriculture, but industry is growing, mainly food and beverages, chemical manufacturing and aluminium and petroleum production. The tourism sector is also expanding. South Africa is Mozambique's main trading partner and source of foreign direct investment, while Belgium, Brazil, Portugal and Spain are also among the country's most important economic partners. Since 2001, Mozambique's annual average GDP growth has been among the world's highest. However, the country is still one of the poorest and most underdeveloped countries in the world, ranking low in GDP per capita, human development, measures of inequality and average life expectancy.The only official language of Mozambique is Portuguese, which is spoken mostly as a second language by about half the population. Common native languages include Makhuwa, Sena, and Swahili. The country's population of around 29 million is composed overwhelmingly of Bantu people. The largest religion in Mozambique is Christianity, with significant minorities following Islam and African traditional religions. Mozambique is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Non-Aligned Movement and the Southern African Development Community, and is an observer at La Francophonie.

Public holidays in Egypt

Public holidays are celebrated by the entire population of Egypt. Holidays in Egypt have many classifications. Some holidays are religious and others are secular, while some can be fixed holidays on the calendar while others are movable. There are four Islamic holidays and two Christian holidays. The national day of Egypt is celebrated on July, 23 which coincides with the annual celebration of the Egyptian revolution of 1952 when the modern republic of Egypt was declared, ending the period of the Kingdom of Egypt.

Government offices and ministries in Egypt rest on Fridays of each week. In addition, banks and many institutes have non-working days on Saturdays too which is an official resting-day or Sundays which is not official but commonly used as a resting-day by non-governmental institutes and shops with Christian religious observance. Some barbershops and hairdressers close their shops on Mondays instead of Friday, Saturday and Sunday when they keep their shops open.

Public holidays in Russia

The following is the list of official public holidays recognized by the Government of Russia. On these days, government offices, embassies and some shops, are closed. If the date of observance falls on a weekend, the following Monday will be a day off in lieu of the holiday.

Public holidays in Vietnam

Public holidays in Vietnam are days when workers get the day off work. Prior to 2007, Vietnamese workers observed 8 days of public holiday a year, among the lowest in the region. On 28 March 2007 the government added the traditional holiday commemorating the mythical Hùng Kings to its list of public holidays, increasing the number of days to 10. As in most other nations, if a holiday falls during the weekend, it is observed on the following Monday.

Public holidays in the Maldives

This is a list of holidays in Maldives.

January 1: New Year's Day

May 1: Labour Day

July 26: Independence Day

November 3: Victory Day

November 11: Republic Day

Red Square

Red Square (Russian: Кра́сная пло́щадь, tr. Krásnaya plóshchaď, IPA: [ˈkrasnəjə ˈploɕːətʲ]) is a city square in Moscow, Russia. It separates the Kremlin, the former royal citadel and now the official residence of the President of Russia, from a historic merchant quarter known as Kitai-gorod. Red Square is often considered to be the central square of Moscow since the city's major streets, which connect to Russia's major highways, originate in the square.

Remembrance Day (Sri Lanka)

Remembrance Day (Sinhala: ජාතික රණවිරු සැමරුම් උළෙල Jāthika Raṇaviru Sæmarum Uḷela) also known as the Rana Wiru commemoration day in Sri Lanka marks the capitulation of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) and the end to the Sri Lankan Civil War on 18 May 2009. The day is a war heroes commemoration day as well as a remembrance day for civilians who died in the war from both sides. The celebrations are marked by a military parade, speeches and a moment of silence. From its inception in 2010 to 2014 the day was known as Victory Day, under President Mahinda Rajapaksa, but from 2015 onwards the day has been renamed Remembrance Day by President Maithripala Sirisena.

Ribbon of Saint George

The ribbon of Saint George (also known as Saint George's ribbon and the Georgian ribbon; Russian: Георгиевская ленточка, Georgiyevskaya lentochka, not to be confused with the Guards Ribbon) is a widely recognized symbol of remembrance of the Soviet people who fought in the Great Patriotic War, WWII. The ribbon consists of a black and orange bicolour pattern, with three black and two orange stripes. It appears as a component of many high military decorations awarded by the Russian Empire, and the current Russian Federation.

The stripes signify the fire and fog of war. While the symbol is primarily related to WWII, it has recently become more associated with Russian nationalism.

The symbol was promoted by the post-soviet Russian state as a way to unify people and remember and respect those that fought.

It was also promoted in 2005 as a response to the liberal Orange Revolution in Ukraine. That year, Russian state media along with youth organizations launched the campaign ahead of World War II memorial celebrations. The ribbon was associated with units who were awarded the collective Guard battle honours during the conflict, due to the usage of the color scheme in the Great Patriotic War victory medal awarded to all personnel, civilian or military, who aided the war effort.

In Russia, the ribbon of Saint George is also used by civilians as a patriotic symbol and as a symbol of public support to the Russian government, particularly since 2014. In Ukraine and the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania), the symbol has become widely associated with Russian nationalist and separatist sentiment.

T-14 Armata

The T-14 Armata (Russian: Т-14 «Армата»; industrial designation "Ob'yekt 148", Russian: Объект 148) is a next generation Russian main battle tank based on the Armata Universal Combat Platform. The first series-produced next generation tank, the Russian Army initially planned to acquire 2,300 T-14s between 2015 and 2020. Production and fiscal shortfalls has delayed this to 2025. The first batch of 100 T-14 Armata tanks are to be delivered and deployed to the Taman division, with delivery expected to be completed by 2020; tanks will be transferred only after the completion of all state tests.

Victory Day (9 May)

Victory Day is a holiday that commemorates the surrender of Nazis (or the German army) in 1945. It was first inaugurated in the 15 republics of the Soviet Union, following the signing of the German Instrument of Surrender late in the evening on 8 May 1945 (after midnight, thus on 9 May Moscow Time). The Soviet government announced the victory early on 9 May after the signing ceremony in Berlin. Though the official inauguration occurred in 1945 the holiday became a non-labour day only in 1965 and only in certain Soviet republics.

In East Germany, 8 May was observed as "Liberation Day" from 1950 to 1966, and was celebrated again on the 40th anniversary in 1985. In 1975, a Soviet-style "Victory Day" was celebrated on 9 May. Since 2002, the German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern has observed a commemoration day known as the "Day of Liberation from National Socialism, and the End of the Second World War".

Victory Day (United States)

Victory Day is a holiday observed in the United States state of Rhode Island with state offices closed on the second Monday of August. Furthermore, in 2017, WPRI-TV claimed that Arkansas and Rhode Island were the only two states to ever celebrate the holiday, though Arkansas's name for the holiday was "World War II Memorial Day."Originally, the official name was "Victory over Japan Day" and "V-J Day", as proclaimed by then President Harry S. Truman and was officially observed on September 2 nationwide. At some point, the name was changed to "Victory Day" in light of the modern post-war Japan emerging in economic importance. Further name changes were attempted later, but were unsuccessful, at which point, the name "Victory Day" remained the official name.

The holiday celebrates the conclusion of World War II and is related to Victory over Japan Day in the United Kingdom. Rhode Island retains the holiday in tribute to the disproportionate number of sailors it sent and lost in the Pacific front. In 2015, the Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama honored 500 veterans on the 70th anniversary of the end of the war.

Victory day of Bangladesh

Victory day (Bengali: বিজয় দিবস Bijôy Dibôs) is a national holiday in Bangladesh celebrated on December 16 to commemorate the victory of the allied forces over the Pakistani forces in the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. The Commanding officer of the Pakistani Forces General AAK Niazi surrendered with his forces to the joint forces of Bangladesh, which marked the end of the 9 month-long Bangladesh Liberation War and 1971 Bangladesh genocide and official secession of East Pakistan into Bangladesh.

Victory in Europe Day

Victory in Europe Day, generally known as V-E Day, VE Day or simply V Day, was celebrated on 8 May 1945 to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces. The formal surrender of the German forces occupying the Channel Islands did not occur until the following day, 9 May 1945. It thus marked the end of World War II in Europe.

The term VE Day existed as early as September 1944, in anticipation of victory. On 30 April 1945, Adolf Hitler, the Nazi leader, committed suicide during the Battle of Berlin. Germany's surrender, therefore, was authorised by his successor, Reichspräsident Karl Dönitz. The administration headed by Dönitz was known as the Flensburg Government. The preliminary act of military surrender was signed on 7 May in Reims, France, and the final document was signed on 8 May in Berlin, Germany.

The former Soviet Union, Serbia, and Eastern Bloc countries have historically celebrated the end of World War II on 9 May; Israel marks VE Day on 9 May as well as a result of the large number of immigrants from the former Soviet Bloc, although it is not a public holiday. In Ukraine since 2015, 8 May is designated as a day of Remembrance and Reconciliation, but it is not a public holiday.

Victory over Japan Day

Victory over Japan Day (also known as V-J Day, Victory in the Pacific Day, or V-P Day) is the day on which Imperial Japan surrendered in World War II, in effect bringing the war to an end. The term has been applied to both of the days on which the initial announcement of Japan's surrender was made – to the afternoon of August 15, 1945, in Japan, and because of time zone differences, to August 14, 1945 (when it was announced in the United States and the rest of the Americas and Eastern Pacific Islands) – as well as to September 2, 1945, when the signing of the surrender document occurred, officially ending World War II.

August 15 is the official V-J Day for the UK, while the official US commemoration is September 2. The name, V-J Day, had been selected by the Allies after they named V-E Day for the victory in Europe.

On September 2, 1945, a formal surrender ceremony was performed in Tokyo Bay, Japan, aboard the battleship USS Missouri. In Japan, August 15 usually is known as the "memorial day for the end of the war" (終戦記念日, Shūsen-kinenbi); the official name for the day, however, is "the day for mourning of war dead and praying for peace" (戦没者を追悼し平和を祈念する日, Senbotsusha o tsuitōshi heiwa o kinensuru hi). This official name was adopted in 1982 by an ordinance issued by the Japanese government.

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