Victor Smith

Admiral Sir Victor Alfred Trumper Smith, AC, KBE, CB, DSC (9 May 1913 – 10 July 1998) was a senior officer in the Royal Australian Navy. Smith's career culminated with his appointment as Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee—forerunner of the role of Australia's Chief of the Defence Force—from 1970 to 1975, following an earlier term as Chief of Naval Staff from 1968 to 1970.

Sir Victor Alfred Trumper Smith
Admiral Victor Smith
Born3 May 1913
Chatswood, New South Wales
Died10 July 1998 (aged 85)
Canberra, Australian Capital Territory
AllegianceAustralia
Service/branchRoyal Australian Navy
Years of service1927–1975
RankAdmiral
Commands heldChairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee (1970–75)
Chief of Naval Staff (1968–70)
Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (1967–68)
HM Australian Fleet (1966–67)
HMAS Melbourne (1961–62)
HMAS Albatross (1957–58)
HMAS Queenborough (1956–57)
HMAS Quadrant (1955–56)
Battles/warsSecond World War Korean War
Vietnam War
AwardsCompanion of the Order of Australia
Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Cross
Mentioned in Despatches
RelationsVictor Trumper (uncle)

Early life

Smith was born in Chatswood, New South Wales on 3 May 1913, to George and Una Smith, and was named after his uncle, Victor Trumper, a distinguished Australian cricketer. He was educated at Chatswood Public School, where he participated in such sports as swimming, tennis and rugby and was also a member of the Chatswood Wolf Cub Pack.[1]

Early career

After deciding to embark on a naval career, Smith entered the Royal Australian Naval College as a cadet midshipman in January 1927.[2] He attended the college for three-and-a-half years before receiving a further six months of training at Flinders Naval Depot. In January 1931, Smith was then posted to HMAS Canberra, and in May was promoted to midshipman. In July the following year, he was posted to HMS London for service with the Mediterranean Fleet. Promoted to acting sub-lieutenant, Smith was sent to England where he assumed a number of courses until October 1934, when he returned to HMAS Canberra. He served with the ship until March 1936, when he was promoted to lieutenant and posted to HMAS Australia.[1]

After deciding to specialise in naval aviation, Smith proceeded to England to attend a Naval Observers Course in March 1937. Upon graduation, he was posted to No. 825 Squadron aboard HMS Glorious in the Mediterranean. He remained on the ship until August 1939, when he left for England to attend a Meteorological Course. However, due to the outbreak of war, the course was abandoned and Smith was appointed to the new carrier HMS Ark Royal.[1]

Second World War

In 1940, Smith took part in operations off Norway with Ark Royal, before receiving a posting to No. 821 Squadron based at RNAS Hatston. On 21 June, he led six Swordfish biplanes in carrying out the first-ever torpedo attack by aircraft on a capital ship at sea. The raid was conducted against the German battleship Scharnhorst off the Norwegian coast while subject to heavy anti-aircraft fire. The Scharnhorst suffered no hits by the torpedoes, and all six aircraft managed to return safely to land.[1] For his actions during the attack, Smith received a Mention in Despatches.[3][4]

In August, Smith was sent to join No. 807 Fighter Squadron aboard HMS Pegasus. The ship was used to protect convoys in the Western Approaches against the German Condor aircraft. In February 1941, the squadron joined HMS Furious, and was tasked with the protection of shipping off the African coast. In April, the squadron joined Ark Royal, where Smith served until the ship was sunk off Gibraltar on 30 November by U-81. During this time, Smith had been shot down twice, each time managing to be picked up by a destroyer.[1] In the New Years Honours of 1942, Smith was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for "out-standing zeal, patience and cheerfulness and for setting an example of wholeheartedness devotion to duty".[5][6]

After the sinking of the Ark Royal, Smith returned to Australia where he was appointed as liaison officer to the United States Navy heavy cruiser USS Chicago. He served in this position until May, when he was appointed to HMAS Canberra as the observer for aircraft.[1] Smith served aboard the cruiser until it was sunk in the Battle of Savo Island during the Guadalcanal landings on 9 August 1942.[6] Returning to Australia once more, he was appointed to the Amphibious Training School, HMAS Assault, for a short period prior to being appointed to stand by HMAS Shropshire. Promoted to acting lieutenant commander in March 1943, in July Smith was appointed Air Staff Officer to HMS Tracker,[1] an American built escort carrier which was operating in the Battle of the Atlantic and escorting Russian convoys.[6] During this time, the aircraft aboard Tracker managed to assist in the sinking of two German U-boats and shoot down six German long-range planes.[1]

Promoted to lieutenant commander in 1944, Smith was posted as the Air Planning Officer on the staff of the Flag Officer, British Assault Area for the Normandy invasion.[6] He was next appointed Air Planning Officer on the staff of the Vice Admiral (Q), British Pacific Fleet, retaining this position until 1 October 1945.[1]

Post-war career

The Naval Board now decided to send Smith to the Admiralty in London, to obtain information that would assist in the planning and formation of a Fleet Air Arm (FAA) in the Royal Australian Navy. He returned to Australia in January 1947, as a member of the Australian Naval Aviation Planning Staff. Government approval for the formation of the FAA was given in July, and Smith was promoted to commander in December.[1] The FAA was officially established on 28 August 1948, and Smith has become widely known as the "Father of the Fleet Air Arm."[7]

Smith was appointed Executive Officer of HMAS Sydney in January 1950, and served on the ship during its six-month tour of duty in the Korean War between August 1951, and February 1952.[8] During this time, the Fleet Air Arm was conducting operations over Korea from Sydney; the first time it was in action.[1] In April 1952, Smith was appointed to command the Advance Party at the former Royal Australian Air Force Air Station at Schofields. When Schofields was commissioned as HMAS Nirimba in April 1953, Smith was appointed Chief Staff Officer to the Captain (Air) Australia. He left this position in July to become Director of Air Warfare Organisation and Training at Navy Office, Melbourne and was promoted to captain in the New Year.[1]

In June 1955, he was appointed Captain of the 1st Frigate Squadron in command of HMAS Quadrant, prior to assuming command of HMAS Queenborough the following year. In January 1957, Smith was appointed to command HMAS Albatross, the naval air station at Nowra, New South Wales. He served in this position until November 1959, when he was selected to attend the Imperial Defence College, London.[1]

After a year in London, Smith returned to Australia to take command of the carrier HMAS Melbourne in January 1961. After eighteen months in command of the flagship, he was promoted to acting rear admiral in 1962. The rank was made permanent in 1963, and Smith served as Second Naval Member at the Navy Office. In the Queen's Birthday Honours of the same year, he was awarded a Commander of the Order of the British Empire.[9]

Smith's next appointment was as Fourth Naval Member, which lasted twelve months. In February 1966, he was appointed as Flag Officer Commanding HM Australian Fleet prior to assuming the office of Deputy Chief of Naval Staff. Promoted to vice admiral in April 1968, Smith was appointed Chief of Naval Staff,[1] and in June was awarded a Companion of the Order of the Bath.[10] The following year, Smith was knighted as a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.[11]

In November 1970,[1] Smith was appointed Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee and promoted to the rank of admiral, becoming the first Australian to achieve that rank.[6] In mid 1975 he was awarded the newly established Companion of the Order of Australia,[12] before retiring in November; just short of forty-nine years naval service.

Later life

Smith was active in his retirement, serving in various posts such as President of the ACT/Queanbeyan Division of Birthright, an Australia-wide organisation which assists single parents with dependent children,[1] and as patron of the ACT Rugby League. Smith died on 10 July 1998, at the age of 85.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Albert Birch (March 1979). "Admiral Sir Victor Smith, AC, KBE, CB, DSC". Naval Historical Review. Naval Historical Society of Australia. Retrieved 9 September 2008.
  2. ^ "SMITH, VICTOR ALFRED". World War II Nominal Roll. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 9 September 2008.
  3. ^ "No. 34979". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 October 1940. p. 6228.
  4. ^ "Recommendation for Victor Alfred Smith to be awarded a Mention in Despatches" (PDF). Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 28 August 2008.
  5. ^ "Recommendation for Victor Alfred Smith to be awarded a Distinguished Service Cross" (PDF). Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 28 August 2008.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "DEATH OF ADMIRAL SIR VICTOR SMITH, AC, KBE, CB, DSC". Legislative Assembly for the ACT. Retrieved 10 September 2008.
  7. ^ "Fleet Air Arm Museum Display – Beginnings (1917–1947)". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 11 September 2008.
  8. ^ "SMITH, VICTOR ALFRED". Korean War Nominal Roll. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 28 August 2008.
  9. ^ "No. 43011". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 June 1963. p. 4827.
  10. ^ "No. 44601". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 June 1968. p. 6333.
  11. ^ "No. 44864". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 June 1969. p. 5996.
  12. ^ "Companion of the Order of Australia: SMITH, Victor (Alfred Trumper)". It's an Honour. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 28 August 2008.

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
General Sir John Wilton
Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee
1970–1975
Succeeded by
General Sir Frank Hassett
Preceded by
Vice Admiral Sir Alan McNicoll
Chief of Naval Staff
1968–1970
Succeeded by
Vice Admiral Sir Richard Peek
Preceded by
Rear Admiral Richard Peek
Deputy Chief of Naval Staff
1967–1968
Succeeded by
Rear Admiral David Stevenson
Preceded by
Rear Admiral Thomas Morrison
Flag Officer Commanding HM Australian Fleet
1966–1967
Succeeded by
Rear Admiral Richard Peek
Albert Smith Medal

The Albert Smith Memorial Medal is the award given to the Man of the Match in the final of the Camanachd Cup,[1] the blue riband trophy of the sport of shinty. It has been presented every year since 1972 by the Smith family of Fort William in honour of Albert Smith Sr. (Born in 1888, Lochuanagan, Fort Augustus.) The widow of his only son, Albert Smith Jr. currently presents the medal. Albert Sr.'s grandson, Victor Smith is a former player for Fort William Shinty Club but never won the medal despite featuring as a key player in several Fort William wins.

Alfred Victor Smith

Alfred Victor Smith VC (22 July 1891 – 23 December 1915) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Smith was 24 years old, and a second lieutenant in the 1/5th Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment, British Army on 23 December 1915 at Helles, Gallipoli, Turkey during the First World War, and who died in action for which he was awarded the VC. His citation reads:For most conspicuous bravery. He was in the act of throwing a grenade when it slipped from his hand and fell to the bottom of the trench close to several officers and men. He immediately shouted a warning and jumped clear to safety. He then saw that the officers and men were unable to find cover and knowing that the grenade was due to explode at any moment, he returned and flung himself upon it. He was instantly killed by the explosion. His magnificent act of self-sacrifice undoubtedly saved many lives.

He is buried in Twelve Tree Copse Cemetery although the precise location of his grave within the cemetery is not known. He was also awarded a French Croix de Guerre.

Alfred Victor Smith’s father was a Police officer and although Alfred was born in Guildford, the family moved several times in his youth, and Alfred sang as a boy chorister in St Albans Cathedral Choir. At 14 his father was appointed chief constable of Burnley, and they moved to the town, with Alfred completing his education at Burnley Grammar School. After leaving school he joined Blackpool Borough Police force. He is named on commemorative plaques within the former Burnley Grammar School, St Catherine's Church, Burnley, St Albans Cathedral and the current Blackpool Police headquarters.

In November 2015 a commemorative stone was unveiled in Guildford.His VC, along with other items, is on display at the Towneley Hall museum in Burnley.

Arthur Smith (public servant)

Arthur Sydney Victor Smith (22 January 1893 – 9 February 1971) was a senior Australian public servant. He was Secretary of the Department of Supply and Development from 1941 to 1942.

David Stevenson (admiral)

Vice Admiral Sir Hugh David Stevenson (24 August 1918 – 26 October 1998) was a senior officer of the Royal Australian Navy, serving as Chief of Naval Staff from 1973 to 1976.

Donald Smith (cricketer, born 1923)

Donald Victor Smith (born 14 June 1923) is an English former cricketer, who played in three Tests for England in 1957. He was born in Broadwater, Sussex, England. The cricket writer, Colin Bateman, commented that "Sri Lanka's historic first victory over England early in 1993 will have given at least one English Test player a certain amount of satisfaction. Don Smith, a steady left-handed opener capable of some useful seam bowling, became Sri Lanka's national coach in the late 1980s".

East Lancashire Regiment

The East Lancashire Regiment was, from 1881 to 1958, a line infantry regiment of the British Army. The regiment was formed in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot and 59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot with the militia and rifle volunteer units of eastern Lancashire. In 1958 the regiment was amalgamated with the South Lancashire Regiment to form the Lancashire Regiment which was, in 1970, merged with the Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) to form the Queen's Lancashire Regiment. In 2006, the Queen's Lancashire was further amalgamated with the King's Own Royal Border Regiment and the King's Regiment (Liverpool and Manchester) to form the present Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (King's, Lancashire and Border).

Electoral results for the district of Cabramatta

This is a list of electoral results for the Electoral district of Cabramatta in New South Wales state elections from the district's first election in 1981 until the present.

Eugene Smith

Eugene Smith may refer to:

Eugene Allen Smith (1841–1927), American geologist

Eugene P. Smith (1871–1918), American sailor and Medal of Honor recipient

Victor Smith (English footballer) (Eugene Victor Charles Smith, 1878–1951), English footballer

W. Eugene Smith (1918–1978), American photojournalist

Eugene Smith (aviator) (1918–2012), American Tuskegee Airman and attorney

Eugene Smith (singer) (1921–2009), American gospel singer and composer

Geno Smith (born 1990), American football quarterback

Foxtrot

The foxtrot is a smooth, progressive dance characterized by long, continuous flowing movements across the dance floor. It is danced to big band (usually vocal) music. The dance is similar in its look to waltz, although the rhythm is in a 44 time signature instead of 34. Developed in the 1910s, the foxtrot reached its height of popularity in the 1930s and remains practiced today.

Greatest Hits (Paula Abdul album)

Greatest Hits is the first compilation album by American singer Paula Abdul. Released on September 26, 2000, it contains Paula's six number-one singles and other singles, with the exception of the top 20 single "Will You Marry Me". It does, however, include "Crazy Love" which was previously only available on the Japanese version of Head over Heels and not available in the US. This compilation also contains a previously unreleased Megamix Medley. It did not chart in the US, but reached the top 400 albums in Australia.

As of January 2006, the album has sold 138,000 copies in the United States.

Jason Smith (basketball, born 1986)

Jason Victor Smith (born March 2, 1986) is an American professional basketball player who last played for the New Orleans Pelicans of the National Basketball Association (NBA). He played college basketball for Colorado State University before being selected with the 20th overall pick in the 2007 NBA draft by the Miami Heat.

List of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1978

This is a list of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1978.

Richard Peek (admiral)

Vice Admiral Sir Richard Innes Peek (30 July 1914 – 28 August 2010) was a senior officer in the Royal Australian Navy, who served as First Naval Member of the Australian Commonwealth Naval Board from 1970 to 1973.

Spellbound (Paula Abdul album)

Spellbound is the second studio album released by Paula Abdul in May 1991. The album was an international success and spawned major radio hits with the singles "Rush Rush", "The Promise of a New Day", "Blowing Kisses in the Wind", "Vibeology" and "Will You Marry Me?". The album went triple platinum in the United States and peaked at No. 1 on the Billboard 200. Its worldwide sales stand at 7 million. "U" was planned to be released as the album's sixth single but was scrapped. This is why the performance of "U" on the "Under My Spell" tour VHS release had a strong music video feel.

Spellbound won a Grammy Award for Best Recording Package.

Some tracks are mixed using QSound.

USS Barbour County

USS Barbour County (LST-1195) was the seventeenth ship of the Newport-class tank landing ships of the United States Navy.

Named after Barbour County, Alabama, she was laid down on 7 November 1970 at San Diego, California, by the National Steel and Shipbuilding Corporation and launched on 15 May 1971, sponsored by Mrs. J. Victor Smith. Commissioned at the Long Beach Naval Shipyard on 3 February 1972, Comdr. John G. Schimming in command.

Vic Coppersmith-Heaven

Vic Coppersmith-Heaven (born Victor Smith, August 1945, England) is an English sound engineer and record producer, best known for his production work with The Jam.

Victor Smith (disambiguation)

Victor Smith (1913–1998) was a senior officer within the Royal Australian Navy.

Victor Smith may also refer to:

Victor Smith (English footballer) (1878–1951), footballer with Southampton

Alfred Victor Smith (1891–1915), English recipient of the Victoria Cross

Victor Lewis-Smith, British satirist

Vic Coppersmith-Heaven (born Victor Smith), English sound engineer and record producer

Vic Smith, New Zealand international football (soccer) player

Vic Smith (Australian footballer) (1893–1972), Australian rules footballer

Victor Smith (footballer, born 1878)

Eugene Victor Charles Smith (1878 – 29 December 1951) was an English amateur footballer who played as a half-back for Southampton St. Mary's in the late 1890s/early 1900s.

Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee
Chief of Defence Force Staff
Chief of the Defence Force
Director,
Commonwealth Naval Forces
First Naval Members,
Australian Commonwealth Naval Board
Chiefs of the Naval Staff
Chiefs of Navy
Rear Admiral Commanding HM Australian Fleet
Rear Admiral Commanding HM Australian Squadron
Flag Officer Commanding HM Australian Fleet
Maritime Commander Australia
Commander Australian Fleet

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