Vicky Pryce

Vasiliki "Vicky" Pryce (née Kourmouzi (Greek: Βασιλική Κουρμούζη); born July 1952)[1][2] is a Greek-born British economist, and former Joint Head of the United Kingdom's Government Economic Service.[3] On 7 March 2013, Pryce and her former husband, Chris Huhne, were convicted of perverting the course of justice and sentenced to eight months in prison. After Huhne pleaded guilty, they both served nine weeks in prison.[4]

Vicky Pryce
Vicky Pryce at Policy Exchange's Future of the City conference
Pryce at a Policy Exchange conference, September 2014
Vasiliki Kourmouzi

July 1952 (age 67)
Athens, Greece
Political partyLiberal Democrats
David Pryce
(m. 1972; div. 1981)

Chris Huhne
(m. 1984; div. 2011)
Criminal chargePerverting the course of justice

Early life

Pryce was born in Athens, but moved to London at the age of 17.[5] She studied at the LSE, gaining a BSc in Economics and an MSc in Monetary Economics.[6][7]


After university she had, according to Ned Temko, a "glittering career"[8] as an economist and then chief economist at Williams & Glyn's Bank (now part of the Royal Bank of Scotland) from 1973 to 1983; as corporate economist for Exxon Europe from 1983 to 1986;[9] and as chief economist at Peat Marwick McLintock and KPMG from 1986 to 2001. When having a child, she took six weeks off for each one. She left KPMG at Blackfriars in late 2001, and worked for the London Economics consultancy. As of April 2015, she is on the advisory board of OMFIF where she is regularly involved in meetings regarding the financial and monetary system.[10]

Department of Trade and Industry

Pryce joined the Department for Trade and Industry in August 2002 as Chief Economic Adviser, the first woman to be appointed to the post, for which the salary was about £110,000.[9] She was also Chairwoman of the GoodCorporation, an organisation promoting ethical business practices.

Pryce was Deputy Head of the UK Government Economic Service from 2004 to 2007, and Joint Head from 2007 to 2010. She was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in the 2009 Birthday Honours but this was cancelled and annulled on 30 July 2013 following her release from prison.[11][12][13]

In April 2010, it was announced that she would be leaving the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills where she was Director General, Economics, and Joint Head of the Government Economic Service, to become senior managing director at the finance consultancy firm FTI Consulting.[3][9][14]


She has been a visiting professor at City University's Cass Business School from 2002 to 2006 and from 2008 to 2011, and at Imperial College Business School since 2010; a visiting Fellow at Nuffield College, Oxford, since 2008; a Fellow of the Society of Business Economists since 2005, and has sat on the Council of the University of Kent since 2005 and the council of the Royal Society for the Arts from 2008 to 2009.[3] She was a Member of the Council of the Royal Economic Society (REconS) from 2002 to 2007.

In 2010 she became the first female Master of the Worshipful Company of Management Consultants.[15]


In October 2012, Biteback Publishing brought out her book Greekonomics, a discussion of the crises in the eurozone, with the focus on the country of her birth. Intended for a broad, not merely an academic, readership, the book discusses what Greek exit from the eurozone might mean.[16]

In early July 2013 Vicky Pryce appeared as an expert witness before the House of Lords cross-party subcommittee on economic and financial affairs, saying she saw no quick end to the eurozone crisis since structural reform would take a long time. Pryce favoured fiscal policy that included a stimulus package and wanted the European Central Bank to buy bonds.[17]


Pryce was interviewed twice by Essex Police in 2011 over allegations that, in 2003, she had accepted driving licence penalty points actually incurred by her husband, Chris Huhne (then an MEP). In 2012 it was announced that both would be charged with perverting the course of justice.[18] Pryce entered a plea of not guilty, advancing a defence of marital coercion at trial. In March 2013, she was convicted of perverting the course of justice and was sentenced to eight months in prison, the same as Huhne.[19][20]

Pryce and Huhne left prison on 13 May 2013, subject to electronic tagging. Pryce published a book based on her experience at HM Prison East Sutton Park in October 2013. The book, Prisonomics: Behind Bars in Britain's Failing Prisons, analyzes the economic and human costs of imprisoning women.[17][21][22] Royalties will be donated to Working Chance, a charity helping former women prisoners find work.[23][24]

Personal life

In 1972 she married David Pryce, an LSE post-graduate student, whom she divorced in 1981, having had two daughters with him.[8] In 1984, she married Chris Huhne, who later became an MEP and then the Liberal Democrat MP for Eastleigh and Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change. They had three children together.[25] They divorced in January 2011.[26][27] From mid-2012 to date, Vicky Pryce has been personally involved with Denis MacShane, a one-time Labour Party MP (who was himself imprisoned, in December 2013, for fraudulent claiming of Parliamentary expenses).[28][29][30][31][32]

Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Nicholas Stern
Head of the Government Economic Service
with Dave Ramsden
Succeeded by
Dave Ramsden


  1. ^ "Vicky PRYCE". Companies House. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  2. ^ Rayner, Gordon; Prince, Rosa (16 May 2011). "Vicky Pryce: the woman behind Chris Huhne's downfall". The Daily Telegraph.
  3. ^ a b c "About BIS, Management Board". Vicky Pryce biography. Department for Business Innovation and Skills. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
  4. ^ Mason, Rowena (14 October 2013). "Vicky Pryce says she has no regrets about being jailed over speeding points". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
  5. ^ Durrant, Sabine (1 October 2011). "Vicky Pryce: 'I thought we were a unit'". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
  6. ^ "LSE congratulates alumni named in this year's Queen's Birthday Honours". London School of Economics. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
  7. ^ "Vicky Pryce Policy Fellow". Retrieved 31 July 2013.
  8. ^ a b Temko, Ned (12 February 2006). "The woman who backs Chris Huhne". The Observer. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
  9. ^ a b c d "Vicky Pryce CB". Press Release. Department for Business Innovation and Skills. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
  10. ^ "About Vicky Pryce". OMFIF. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
  11. ^ "No. 59090". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 June 2009. p. 2.
  12. ^ "No. 60583". The London Gazette. 30 July 2013. p. 14994.
  13. ^ "Vicky Pryce stripped of Queen's honour". Sky News. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  14. ^ "Press release: Vicky Pryce to Join FTI Consulting as Senior Managing Director". London: FTI Consulting. Archived from the original on 23 January 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  15. ^ "The Worshipful Company of Management Consultants". Archived from the original on 2012-02-28. Retrieved 2012-02-04.
  16. ^ "Vicky Pryce website". Vicky Pryce. Archived from the original on 23 January 2015.
  17. ^ a b Syal, Rajeev (2 July 2013). "Vicky Pryce returns to public eye with House of Lords committee appearance". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  18. ^ "Chris Huhne and Vicky Pryce in second police interviews". BBC News. 22 July 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  19. ^ "Vicky Pryce guilty over Chris Huhne speeding points". BBC News. 7 March 2013. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
  20. ^ "Chris Huhne and Vicky Pryce jailed for eight months". BBC News. 11 March 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
  21. ^ Grice, Andrew (13 May 2013). "Nine weeks is a long time in politics: Vicky Pryce and Chris Huhne released from prison but what does the future hold for them?". The Independent.
  22. ^ Aitken, Jonathan (28 October 2013). "Prisonomics by Vicky Pryce – review". The Observer. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  23. ^ Pryce, Vicky (14 October 2013). Prisonomics: Behind bars in Britain's failing prisons. Biteback Publishing. ISBN 978-1849546225.
  24. ^ Charity Commission. Working Chance Ltd, registered charity no. 1131802.
  25. ^ "Profile: Chris Huhne". BBC News. 2 March 2006. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
  26. ^ "Eastleigh MP Chris Huhne splits from wife Vicky Pryce". Southern Daily Echo. Southampton. 19 June 2010. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  27. ^ "Sunday Times drops Chris Huhne emails legal challenge". BBC News. 20 January 2012.
  28. ^ Carlin, Brendan (29 December 2013). "Vicky Pryce vows to stand by disgraced ex-MP boyfriend Denis MacShane after he is jailed for making £13,000 in false expenses claims". Daily Mail. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  29. ^ McMahon, Will (4 November 2014). "Mr Innocent and Mary Poppins go to prison". The Project. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  30. ^ Lyons, James; Layton, Josh (7 February 2014). "Shameless freed former MP Denis MacShane compares himself to cleared Corrie star Bill Roache as he leaves prison". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  31. ^ Frith, Maxine (7 November 2012). "That ol' MacShane magic". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  32. ^ Poole, Oliver (11 May 2014). "Vicky Pryce 12 months on: 'I don't hold grudges'". The Independent. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
Andrew Edis

Sir Andrew Jeremy Coulter Edis (born 9 June 1957), styled The Hon. Mr Justice Edis, is a judge of the High Court of England and Wales.Edis studied at Liverpool College and University College, Oxford. He was called to the Bar in 1980. He became an Assistant Recorder in 1994, a Deputy High Court Judge in 2001, Bencher of Middle Temple in 2004 and Senior Treasury Counsel in 2008.

Edis has been ranked by Chambers and Partners and The Legal 500 as a top advocate in crime.

His work has included high-profile cases that have been featured in national newspapers such as The Independent and by the BBC. For example, he defended in the 2005 Lady in the Lake trial. He has also undertaken book reviewing for the Times Higher Education Supplement.Edis was counsel for the ultimately successful prosecution in R v Huhne and Pryce, the trial of former British Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change Chris Huhne MP and his former wife, Vicky Pryce for perverting the course of justice in relation to a 2003 speeding case. In May 2013, Edis was lead prosecutor in the trial of Jiervon Bartlett and Nayed Hoque, who were accused of the murder of Paula Castle after allegedly mugging her in (Greenford), West London. They later pleaded guilty to Manslaughter. In late 2013, Edis was the lead prosecutor in the News of the World newspaper phone-hacking scandal trial, R v Brooks, Coulson and six others.Edis was appointed a Justice of the High Court and knighted in 2014.In his spare time, Edis is an enthusiastic cricketer and was one of the founding members of the Liverpool Bar Cricket Club, once taking career best figures of 7–12 in their annual fixture against the Inn at Whitewell. He is married with three children.

Biteback Publishing

Biteback Publishing is a British publisher concentrating mainly on political titles. It was incorporated, as a private limited company with share capital, in 2009. It is jointly owned by its managing director Iain Dale and by Michael Ashcroft's Political Holdings Ltd, and has published several of Ashcroft's books including Call Me Dave, his controversial 2015 biography of David Cameron.Other titles include Out in the Army. My Life as a Gay Soldier (2013) by James Wharton,The Left's Jewish Problem (2016) and Post-Truth: How Bullshit Conquered the World (2017) by investigative journalist James Ball.Biteback's author roster includes Andrew Adonis, Yasmin Alibhai-Brown, Roger Bannister, John Bercow, Conrad Black, Gyles Brandreth, Elkie Brooks, Liam Byrne, Alastair Campbell, Chapman Pincher, Ann Clwyd, Michael Crick, Barry Cryer, Edwina Currie, David Davis, Angela Eagle, Nigel Farage, Norman Fowler, Paul Gambaccini, Charlotte Green, Peter Hain, Vince Hilaire, Ken Hom, Barbara Hosking, Lee Howey, John Hutton, Antony Jay, Stanley Johnson, Nigel Lawson, Oliver Letwin, Maureen Lipman, Caroline Lucas, Jonathan Lynn, Denis MacShane, Brian Mawhinney, Damian McBride, Michael Meacher, Austin Mitchell, Ron Moody, Bel Mooney, Jim Murphy, Airey Neave, Michael Nicholson, Jessye Norman, Isabel Oakeshott, David Owen, Matthew Parris, Priti Patel, Harvey Proctor, Vicky Pryce, Mike Read, Malcolm Rifkind, Geoffrey Robertson, Nick Ross, Andrew Sachs, Bernie Sanders, Gillian Shephard, Jacqui Smith, Michael Spicer, Sean Spicer, Elizabeth Truss, David Waddington, Nigel West and Michael Winner.

Around 20% of its sales are ebooks.

Brentwood School, Essex

Brentwood School is a selective, independent day and boarding school in Brentwood, Essex, UK. The school comprises a preparatory school, senior school and sixth form, as well as boarding provision for both boys and girls. The school is coeducational, and employs the "Diamond Model". The school is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference, the IAPS, the AGBIS, and the AMDIS.

Founded in 1557 and opened in 1558, the school has a Tudor schoolroom, a Victorian chapel and several Grade II listed buildings. Situated on Ingrave Road, astride Middleton Hall Lane and Shenfield Road, the school is set in over 72 acres (29 ha) of land in the centre of Brentwood. The current headmaster is Ian Davies.

Chris Huhne

Christopher Murray Paul-Huhne (born 2 July 1954), known as Chris Huhne, is an energy and climate change consultant and formerly a British journalist and politician who was the Liberal Democrat Member of Parliament for Eastleigh from 2005 to 2013 and the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change from 2010 to 2012. From September 2013 to August 2014 he wrote a weekly column for The Guardian.On 3 February 2012, Huhne resigned from the Cabinet when he was charged with perverting the course of justice over a 2003 speeding case. His wife at the time, Vicky Pryce, had claimed that she was driving the car, and accepted the licence penalty points on his behalf so that he could avoid being banned from driving. Huhne denied the charge until the trial began on 4 February 2013 when he changed his plea to guilty, resigned as a member of parliament, and left the Privy Council. He and Pryce were sentenced at Southwark Crown Court on 11 March to eight months in prison for perverting the course of justice. He served 9 weeks of this sentence at HMP Leyhill before he was released.Huhne had twice stood unsuccessfully for election as Leader of the Liberal Democrats; in 2006 he came second to Sir Menzies Campbell and in 2007 he narrowly lost to Nick Clegg.

Constance Briscoe

Constance Briscoe (born 18 May 1957) is a former barrister, and was one of the first black female recorders in England and Wales. In May 2014, she was jailed for three counts of doing an act tending to pervert the course of justice in R v Huhne and Pryce. She was disbarred and removed from the judiciary.

Dave Ramsden

Sir David Edward John Ramsden CBE (born 9 February 1964) is a senior British civil servant, and the former Chief Economic Adviser to HM Treasury. He is the Head of the Government Economic Service, having previously served as Joint Head of the Service with Vicky Pryce, formerly Chief Economic Adviser and Director-General at the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills.Ramsden joined the Civil Service in 1986 before joining the Treasury in 1988. He has worked on a wide range of economic policy issues, including monetary policy, fiscal and tax policy, the public finances, the business sector and labour markets.

Between 1999 and 2003, Ramsden led the Treasury’s work on whether the UK should join the Euro for which he was appointed CBE. He worked on tax administration and policy issues from 2003 until 2006.

In June 2007, Ramsden joined the Treasury Board and in 2008 he was appointed Chief Economic Adviser. He became Joint Head of the Government Economic Service, the largest single recruiter of economists in the UK, from 2007; sole Head in 2010. In January 2013 he became Chair of the Treasury’s Diversity Board.

Ramsden is a trustee of Pro-Bono Economics, a charity whose aim is to broker economists into the charitable sector to help on short and medium-term assignments, typically addressing questions around measurement, results and impact. He is also President of the Society of Business Economists. He was educated at Brasenose College, Oxford and graduated from the London School of Economics with an MSc Economics in 1990.

He was knighted in the 2015 New Year Honours for services to economic policy making. In 2015 he also became a Visiting Professor at King's College London.

Frost Over the World

Frost Over the World was a television interview and news talk show, with Sir David Frost as host. The show was broadcast on Al Jazeera English. Frost, a famed English television presenter, interviewed well-known politicians, diplomats, writers, thinkers, academics, entertainers, business leaders, scientists, humanitarians, and other newsmakers. The editor of the programme was the journalist Charlie Courtauld and producers include Richard Brock, Kate Newman, Alex Nunes and Portia Walker.

The show launched in November 2006 and Britain's then Prime Minister, Tony Blair, was the first guest to appear.

The show was replaced by The Frost Interview on Al Jazeera English. Unlike Frost Over the World, which was set in a studio, The Frost Interview involved David Frost travelling around the world. Frost hosted that show until his death in 2013.

Government Economic Service

The Government Economic Service (GES) is a professional grouping of public sector economists who work across some 40 departments and agencies of Her Majesty's Government (HMG). The Bank of England is also a corporate member of the GES. The GES Board is chaired by the Head of the GES and consists of government chief economists and directors of analysis. GES was founded in 1964 by Sir Alec Cairncross. The GES recruits economists on behalf of the departments and is the largest recruiter of economists in the UK. It facilitates the movement of GES economists between posts in different departments and also maintains professional standards for recruitment and for existing members. It leads on the development of intellectual capital for cross-departmental issues.

From June 2007 to July 2010, the post of Head of the Government Economic Service (GES) was held jointly by the Managing Director of Macroeconomic and Fiscal Policy in HM Treasury and Chief Economic Adviser to the Treasury, Dave Ramsden, CBE, and Dr Vicky Pryce, Director General of Economics in the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. Dave Ramsden is now the sole Head of the GES. Tera Allas replaced Vicky Pryce at BIS in December 2010 and was Deputy Head of the Government Economic Service until June 2013. The previous Head of the GES was Sir Nicholas Stern, now Lord Stern of Brentford, who succeeded Sir Gus O'Donnell. Sir Gus went on to become the Head of the Home Civil Service and Cabinet Secretary, and is now Lord O'Donell. Professional support for the GES, and since 2010 also for the Government Social Research profession, is provided by the Government Economic and Social Research Team, located at HM Treasury.

The GES web site details the different departments within which GES members work and the variety of issues on which they provide economic advice. Most GES jobs are in London, but some posts are located in other parts of the country.

The GES also recruits, on behalf of departments, summer and year-long internships for UK students currently on an economics based course.

HM Prison East Sutton Park

HM Prison East Sutton Park is a women's open prison and young offender's institute located in the Parish of East Sutton (near Maidstone), in Kent, England. The prison is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service.

Isabel Oakeshott

Isabel Euphemia Oakeshott (born 12 June 1974) is a British political journalist and broadcaster.

She was the political editor of The Sunday Times and is the co-author, with Michael Ashcroft, of an unauthorised biography of former British prime minister David Cameron, Call Me Dave, and of various other non-fiction titles, including White Flag?, an examination of the UK's defence capability, also written with Lord Ashcroft; Farmageddon, co-authored with Philip Lymbery.

Marital coercion

Marital coercion was a defence to most crimes under English criminal law and under the criminal law of Northern Ireland. It is similar to duress. It was abolished in England and Wales by section 177 of the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014, which came into force on 13 May 2014. The abolition does not apply in relation to offences committed before that date.

Nigel Sweeney

Sir Nigel Hamilton Sweeney (born 18 March 1954), styled The Hon. Mr Justice Sweeney, is a High Court judge.

Sweeney studied law at the University of Nottingham under Sir John Cyril Smith. He was called to the bar in 1976 at the Middle Temple, where he was made a bencher in 1997, and was appointed Queen's Counsel in 2000. He was appointed to the High Court (Queen's Bench) in September 2008.Prior to being appointed a High Court judge, Sweeney was a barrister in the United Kingdom, practising from 6 King's Bench Walk. He prosecuted a number of notable criminal trials, including the perpetrators of the 1984 IRA Brighton bombing and the attempted bombings of 21 July 2005, Neo-Nazi terrorist David Copeland and murderers Michael Stone and Kamel Bourgass.He presided over the trial in February and March 2013 of former Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change Chris Huhne MP and his former wife, Vicky Pryce, for perverting the course of justice contrary to common law. He sentenced another MP Dennis MacShane for fraud in the aftermath of the 2009 parliamentary expenses scandal.More recently he presided over and was sentencing judge in high-profile cases involving terrorists and extremists, such as the two men responsible for the murder of Lee Rigby in 2013 and White supremacist bomber Pavlo Lapshyn. He was the presiding judge in the trial of Rolf Harris for various counts of indecent assault dating back to the 1960s.

Permanent Secretary to the Treasury

The UK Permanent Secretary to the Treasury is the most senior civil servant at HM Treasury. The post originated as that of Assistant Secretary to the Treasury in 1805; that office was given new duties and renamed in 1867 as a Permanent Secretaryship.

The position is generally regarded as the second most influential in Her Majesty's Civil Service; Andrew Turnbull (Permanent Secretary from 1998 to 2002) and Gus O'Donnell (2002–2005) were Permanent Secretaries to the Treasury who then became Cabinet Secretary, the most influential post.

Previous incumbents have not always maintained the political neutrality expected of civil servants; in 1909 Sir George Murray was involved in lobbying various Crossbench peers in the House of Lords to reject the Chancellor of the Exchequer's proposed budget.

Perverting the course of justice

Perverting the course of justice is an offence committed when a person prevents justice from being served on him/herself or on another party. In England and Wales it is a common law offence, carrying a maximum sentence of life imprisonment. Statutory versions of the offence exist in Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, Ireland, and New Zealand. The Scottish equivalent is defeating the ends of justice, while the South African counterpart is defeating or obstructing the course of justice.

Political Takeout

Political Takeout is a weekly, 30-minute UK politics and comedy podcast hosted by Rupert Myers and Bobby Friedman in association with The Independent. The show features a recurring comic feature presented by Lembit Öpik. Previous guests of the show have included Alan Johnson, Matthew Parris, Stella Creasy, and Hugo Rifkind among others. Younger political commentators like Tim Stanley and Rowenna Davis are regularly invited on.

The show regularly hosts segments with a comic element, featuring broadcasters such as Sam Delaney and Rich Peppiatt. Interviews with Jonathan Aitken and Vicky Pryce have been reported elsewhere.


Pryce may refer to:


David Pryce-Jones (born 1936), British author and commenter

Deborah Pryce (born 1951), United States, Ohio congresswoman

Guto Pryce (born 1972), Welsh bass guitarist for Super Furry Animals

Sir John Pryce, 1st Baronet (c. 1596 - c. 1657), Welsh parliamentarian

Jonathan Pryce (born 1947), Welsh actor

Karl Pryce (born 1986), English rugby player

Leon Pryce English rugby player (older brother to Karl)

Malcolm Pryce (born 1960), British novelist

Tom Pryce (1949–1977), British Formula One racing driver

Thomas Tannatt Pryce, British captain, World War I

Vicky Pryce, Greek-born British economist

William Thornton Pryce (1932–2006), United States diplomatIn fiction:

Pryce (Pokémon), Pokémon character

Wesley Wyndam-Pryce, fictional character for the American television programs, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel

Arihnda Pryce, an Imperial governor in the animated television series Star Wars Rebels and the novel Star Wars: Thrawn

R v Huhne

Regina v Christopher Huhne and Vasiliki Pryce is the prosecution of the former British Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change, Chris Huhne MP, and his former wife, Vicky Pryce, the former Head of the Government Economic Service, for perverting the course of justice, contrary to common law. Huhne became the first Cabinet minister in British history to resign as a consequence of criminal proceedings. On 4 February 2013, Huhne was convicted on the basis of his own plea after re-arraignment. The trial of Pryce began on the following day, lasting until 20 February 2013 when the jury were discharged by the judge. A re-trial began on 25 February 2013 and led to the conviction of Pryce on 7 March 2013.

Simon Danczuk

Simon Christopher Danczuk (; born 24 October 1966) is a British former Member of Parliament (MP) for Rochdale (2010 to 2017). Danczuk co-wrote a book about former Rochdale MP Cyril Smith's abuse of children, and campaigned about historical allegations of child sex abuse.

In December 2015, he was suspended from the Labour Party following allegations of sending sexually explicit text messages to a 17-year-old girl. A critic of the Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn, he resigned from the party in May 2017 after being blocked from standing as a Labour candidate. After losing his seat at the 2017 general election, he ruled out a return to politics.

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