Vice admiral (United States)

Vice admiral (abbreviated as VADM) is a three-star commissioned naval officer rank in the United States Navy, the United States Coast Guard, the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps, with the pay grade of O-9. Vice admiral ranks above rear admiral and below admiral. Vice admiral is equivalent to the rank of lieutenant general in the other uniformed services.

Vice admiral
Flag of a United States Navy vice admiral
Flag of the vice admiral of the Unrestricted Line, United States Navy.
US Navy O9 insignia
The stars, shoulder boards, and sleeve stripes of a U.S. Navy vice admiral of the "line".
Country United States of America
Service branch
AbbreviationVADM
RankThree-star
NATO rankOF-08
Non-NATO rankO-9
Formation1864
Next higher rankAdmiral
Next lower rankRear admiral
Equivalent ranksLieutenant general (uniformed services of the United States)

Statutory limits

U.S. Code of law explicitly limits the total number of vice admirals that may be on active duty at any given time. The total number of active-duty flag officers is capped at 162 for the navy.[1] For the navy, no more than 16.7% of the service's active-duty flag officers may have more than two stars.[2][3][4] Some of these slots can be reserved by statute. Officers serving in certain Defense Agency Director positions such as the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), when filled by a naval officer, are vice admirals. The Superintendent of the United States Naval Academy is usually a vice admiral, either upon nomination or shortly thereafter. The President may also add vice admirals to the Navy if they are offset by removing an equivalent number of three-star officers from other services.[2] Finally, all statutory limits may be waived at the President's discretion during time of war or national emergency.[5]

Appointment and tour length

The three-star grade goes hand-in-hand with the position of office it is linked to, so the rank is temporary. Officers may only achieve three-star grade if they are appointed to positions that require the officer to hold such a rank.[6] Their rank expires with the expiration of their term of office, which is usually set by statute.[6] Vice admirals are nominated for appointment by the President from any eligible officers holding the rank of rear admiral (lower half) or above, who also meet the requirements for the position, under the advice and/or suggestion of the Secretary of Defense, the applicable service secretary, or the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.[6] The nominee must be confirmed via majority vote by the Senate before the appointee can take office and thus assume the rank.[6] The standard tour length for most vice admiral positions is three years but some are set four or more years by statute.

Extensions of the standard tour length can be approved, within statutory limits, by their respective service secretaries, the Secretary of Defense, the President, and/or Congress but these are rare, as they block other officers from being promoted. Some statutory limits under the U.S. Code can be waived in times of national emergency or war. Three-star ranks may also be given by act of Congress but this is extremely rare.

Retirement

Other than voluntary retirement, statute sets a number of mandates for retirement. Three-star officers must retire after 38 years of service unless appointed for promotion or reappointed to grade to serve longer.[7] Otherwise all flag officers must retire the month after their 64th birthday.[8] The Secretary of Defense, however, can defer a three-star officer's retirement until the officer's 66th birthday and the president can defer it until the officer's 68th birthday.

Flag officers typically retire well in advance of the statutory age and service limits, so as not to impede the upward career mobility of their juniors. Since there is a finite number of three-star slots available to each service, typically one officer must leave office before another can be promoted.[9] Maintaining a three-star rank is a game of musical chairs; once an officer vacates a position bearing that rank, he or she has no more than 60 days to be appointed or reappointed to a job of equal or higher importance before he or she must involuntarily retire.[6] Historically, officers leaving three-star positions were allowed to revert to their permanent two-star ranks to mark time in lesser jobs until statutory retirement, but now such officers are expected to retire immediately to avoid obstructing the promotion flow.

Gallery

USN-USMC O9 insignia

U.S. Navy, U.S. Coast Guard, USPHSCC, NOAACOC insignia

Flag of a United States Coast Guard vice admiral

A U.S. Coast Guard vice admiral's flag (unrestricted line officer)

USCG O-9 insignia

The stars, shoulder boards, and sleeve stripes of a U.S. Coast Guard vice admiral

US PHS O9 insignia

The stars, shoulder boards, and sleeve stripes of a U.S. Public Health Service vice admiral

US NOAA O9 insignia

The stars, shoulder boards, and sleeve stripes of a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration vice admiral

See also

References

  1. ^ 10 USC 526. Authorized strength: general and flag officers on active duty
  2. ^ a b [1] 10 USC 525. Distribution of commissioned officers on active duty in general officer and flag officer grades.
  3. ^ [2] Pub.L. 110-181: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008
  4. ^ [3] Pub.L. 110-181: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 full text
  5. ^ [4] 10 USC 527. Authority to suspend sections 523, 525, and 526.
  6. ^ a b c d e [5] 10 USC 601. Positions of importance and responsibility: generals and lieutenant generals; admirals and vice admirals.
  7. ^ [6] 10 USC 636. Retirement for years of service: regular officers in grades above brigadier general and rear admiral (lower half).
  8. ^ 10 USC 1253. Age 64: regular commissioned officers in general and flag officer grades; exception.
  9. ^ [7] DoD News Briefing on Thursday, June 6, 1996. Retirement of Admiral Leighton W. Smith Jr.
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Frank E. Beatty

Frank Edmund Beatty (26 November 1853 – 16 March 1926) was a rear admiral in the United States Navy.

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John D. Bulkeley

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Le Moyne College's 160-acre (0.65 km2) campus is located in the Town of DeWitt, in a suburban residential neighborhood. It borders the Salt Springs neighborhood of Syracuse, facilitating partnerships with the city of Syracuse and regional businesses and organizations. The college enrolls over 3,500 undergraduate and graduate students.

Lieutenant general (United States)

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NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps

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Patrick N. L. Bellinger

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Samuel P. Carter

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Thomas Connolly is the name of:

Thomas F. Connolly (1909–1996), Vice Admiral, United States Navy, gymnast and Olympic medalist in rope climbing

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He was a 1926 graduate of the Naval Academy. He is interred in the Arlington National Cemetery along with his father, Brigadier General William Renwick Smedberg, Jr., USA, and his son Rear Admiral William Renwick Smedberg IV, USN.

William Raborn

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Raborn resigned on June 30, 1966, having served for only fourteen months as DCI. He was replaced by his deputy, Richard Helms.

He was involved, during his time at the CIA, in its early activities against Ramparts magazine and its editors.Raborn is buried in the United States Naval Academy Cemetery in Annapolis, Maryland.

Raborn was also:

Vice Admiral (United States Navy)

Director, U.S. Navy Special Projects Office

Deputy Chief of Naval Operations [1]

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United States uniformed services commissioned officer and officer candidate ranks
Pay grade / branch of service Officer
candidate
O-1 O-2 O-3 O-4 O-5 O-6 O-7 O-8 O-9 O-10 O-11 Special
grade
alt=alt=Officer Candidate[1] alt=alt=Second lieutenant / Ensign alt=alt=First lieutenant / Lieutenant (junior grade) alt=alt=alt=Captain / Lieutenant[6] alt=alt=Major / Lieutenant commander alt=alt=Lieutenant colonel / Commander alt=alt=Colonel / Captain alt=alt=Brigadier general / Rear admiral (lower half) alt=alt=Major General / Rear admiral[6] alt=alt=Lieutenant general / Vice admiral[6] US-O10 insignia[6] alt=alt=General of the Air Force / General of the Army / Fleet Admiral alt=alt=General of the Armies / Admiral of the Navy[2]
CDT / OC 2LT 1LT CPT MAJ LTC COL BG MG LTG GEN GA[3] GAS[3]
Midn / Cand 2ndLt 1stLt Capt Maj LtCol Col BGen MajGen LtGen Gen [5] [5]
MIDN / OC ENS LTJG LT LCDR CDR CAPT RDML RADM VADM ADM FADM[3] AN[3]
Cadet / OT / OC 2nd Lt 1st Lt Capt Maj Lt Col Col Brig Gen Maj Gen Lt Gen Gen GAF[3] [5]
CDT / OC ENS LTJG LT LCDR CDR CAPT RDML RADM VADM ADM [5] [5]
[OC] ENS LTJG LT LCDR CDR CAPT RADM RADM VADM ADM [5] [5]
OC ENS LTJG LT LCDR CDR CAPT RDML RADM VADM [4] [5] [5]
W-1 W-2 W-3 W-4 W-5
US-Army-WO1.svg
WO1
US-Army-CW2.svg
CW2
US-Army-CW3.svg
CW3
US-Army-CW4.svg
CW4
US-Army-CW5compare.svg
CW5
USMC WO1.svg
WO1
USMC CWO2.svg
CWO2
USMC CWO3.svg
CWO3
USMC CWO4.svg
CWO4
USMC CWO5.svg
CWO5
US Navy WO1 insignia.svg
WO1
US Navy CW2 insignia.svg
CWO2
US Navy CW3 insignia.svg
CWO3
US Navy CW4 insignia.svg
CWO4
US Navy CW5 insignia.svg
CWO5
USAF-WO1.svg
WO1[1]
USAF-CW2.svg
CWO2[1]
USAF-CW3.svg
CWO3[1]
USAF-CW4.svg
CWO4[1]
USAF CW5.png
CWO5[1]
USCG WO1 insignia.svg
WO1[1]
USCG CW2 insignia.svg
CWO2
USCG CW3 insignia.svg
CWO3
USCG CW4 insignia.svg
CWO4
[2]
[2] [2] [2] [2]

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