Viborg, Denmark

Viborg (Danish pronunciation: [ˈvipɒːˀ]), a city in central Jutland, Denmark, is the capital of both Viborg municipality and Region Midtjylland. Viborg is also the seat of the Western High Court, the High Court for the Jutland peninsula. Viborg Municipality is the second-largest Danish municipality, covering 3.3% of that country's total land area.[2]

Viborg
View of Viborg and its monumental cathedral (Viborg Domkirke), as seen from the Søndersø lake.
View of Viborg and its monumental cathedral (Viborg Domkirke), as seen from the Søndersø lake.
Official seal of Viborg

Seal
Coat of arms of Viborg

Coat of arms
Viborg is located in Denmark
Viborg
Viborg
Location in Denmark
Coordinates: 56°27′12″N 09°24′07″E / 56.45333°N 9.40194°E
CountryDenmark
RegionMid Jutland (Midtjylland)
MunicipalityViborg
Earliest evidence8th century
Government
 • MayorTorsten Nielsen (Det Konservative Folkeparti)
Area
 • City1,474.05 km2 (569.13 sq mi)
Elevation
51 m (167 ft)
Population
 (1 January 2017)[1]
 • Urban
40.371
 • Municipal
96.477
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
8800
Area code(s)(+45) 8
Websitewww.viborg.dk

History

Viborg is one of the oldest cities in Denmark, with Viking settlements dating back to the late 8th century.[3] Its central location gave the city great strategic importance, in political and religious matters, during the Middle Ages. A motte-and-bailey-type castle was once located in the city. Viborg takes its name from a combination of two Old Norse words: , meaning a holy place, and borg, meaning a fort.

Sights

Viborg domkirke 2007-11-10 edited
Viborg Cathedral

Viborg is famous for Viborg Cathedral. The construction of the cathedral started in 1130 and took about 50 years. The building has burned to the ground and been re-built several times. Only the crypt of the original cathedral is still preserved. The cathedral was and is the locus of cult of Saint Kjeld of Viborg who was dean of the cathedral chapter there and had a great shrine there in the Middle Ages. The newest parts of the church are from a restoration between 1864 and 1876.[4] The cathedral is famous for its many paintings by Danish painter Joakim Skovgaard, which depict stories from the Bible. Next to the cathedral is the Skovgaard museum, founded in 1937.[5]

Before the Protestant Reformation Viborg was the home of five monasteries,[6] about 12 parish churches, several chapels and of course the cathedral. The Black Friars' church dates from the 13th century.[4] Today only the cathedral and a few remains of the Franciscan and the Dominican monasteries are left.

Sports

Viborg has over the last decade won a reputation as one of Denmark's leading cities for sports. It started with the city's women's handball team (a popular sport in Denmark), which continues to be one of Europe's top-5 clubs. Subsequently, both the men's handball team and most notably the professional football team have established themselves at the top of the Danish leagues. From 1998 to 2008, Viborg FF was a constant member of the Danish Superliga, reaching an all-time high when winning the Danish cup in 2000.

Viborg also hosts the annual Haervejsmarchen international two-day walking festival, which regularly attracts 8,000 participants, including many from outside Denmark. It includes marked routes of distances of up to 45 kilometres a day.[7] The walk is affiliated to the IML Walking Association.[8]

Education

Viborg Katedralskole Symmetrical
Viborg Katedralskole

Viborg is home to a number of educational institutions, including Viborg Katedralskole (cathedral school). Denmark's oldest educational institution celebrated its 900th birthday in 2000. The school is believed to have been founded about 1060 - at the same time as the city became the seat of a bishop. The church needed to educate boys and young men to enter into the church's service, and to that purpose it created a school. Its current monumental home was built in 1926 to accommodate a larger number of students and later the school added a dormitory to house the many students from outer regions or islands not close to a gymnasium. Although this role is now basically obsolete, the dorm continues to be a popular solution for many students wanting to get away from home or for a small number of students from Greenland. Viborg Katedralskole is today one of four gymnasiums in Viborg.

Viborg is also home to The Animation Workshop, an art school based in a former army barracks on the outskirts of town. The school, which achieved official recognition from the Danish government in 2003, offers students a Bachelor of Arts in character animation.

For international parents Viborg also has an international school where all teaching is in English based on the Cambridge International examinations.

Transportation

Banegården Viborg
Front façade of Viborg station.

Rail

Viborg is served by Viborg railway station. It is located on the Langå-Struer railway line and offers direct InterCity services to Copenhagen and Struer and regional train services to Aarhus and Struer.

Notable people

Vitus Bering 1
Vitus Bering
Gudrun Houlberg
Gudrun Houlberg, 1916
Morten-lund DSC05034
Morten Lund, 2017

Public service and thinking

Arts

Science

Sport

Finn Døssing
Finn Døssing, 2011

In popular culture

In the science fiction book The Corridors of Time by Poul Anderson, a Danish-American writer who did considerable research on Danish history, a large part of the plot takes place in 16th-century Viborg. The protagonist - an American time traveller from the 20th century - arrives in the city in 1535 and gets involved with the adherents of the overthrown King Christian II and of the peasant rebel leader Skipper Clement, who face savage persecution in the city.

Viborg is also the setting of "Number 13", a ghost story by the English writer M.R. James.

International relations

Twin towns — sister cities

Viborg is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Viborg Kommune". Archived from the original on April 5, 2011.
  2. ^ Viborg Kommune statistics Archived April 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Viborg History
  4. ^ a b "Viborg" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). 1911. p. 17.
  5. ^ Museum website
  6. ^ one for Augustinian canons and one for Augustinian nuns, a Franciscan friary, a Dominican priory and a preceptory of the Knights Hospitallers
  7. ^ "Haervejsmarchen website".
  8. ^ "IML Walking Association website".
  9. ^ Gunner (biskop i Viborg), Danish wiki retrieved 26 March 2018
  10. ^ Knud Mikkelsen, Danish wiki retrieved 26 March 2018
  11. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-11-27. Retrieved 2013-12-26.

External links

  • Media related to Viborg at Wikimedia Commons
  • Viborg travel guide from Wikivoyage

Coordinates: 56°26′N 9°24′E / 56.433°N 9.400°E

1974 World Orienteering Championships

The 1974 World Orienteering Championships, the 5th World Orienteering Championships, were held in Viborg, Denmark, 20–22 September 1974.The championships had four events; individual contests for men and women, and relays for men and women.

2006 Danmark Rundt

The 2006 Danmark Rundt was a men's road bicycle race held from 2 to 6 August 2006. Swiss rider Fabian Cancellara of Team CSC captured the overall title. It was the 16th edition of the men's stage race, which was established in 1985.

2013–14 Viborg FF season

2013-14 Viborg FF will compete in the following competitions Danish Superliga and Danish Cup.

2014–15 Viborg FF season

Viborg FF are a Danish football club which are based in Viborg, Denmark. During the 2014/15 campaign they will be competing in the Danish 1st Division and DBU Pokalen.They are currently under the management of Aurelijus Skarbalius.

Carl Deichman

Carl Deichman (1705 – 21 April 1780) was a Norwegian businessman, mine operator, book collector and philanthropist.

Deichman was born in Viborg, Denmark. He grew up in Christiania (now Oslo) where his father, Bartholomæus Deichman, was Bishop of Christiania. He received his early education at home. He was first employed at the court of King Frederick IV of Denmark. In 1733, he was appointed Chancellor and assessor in the court trial in Christiania. He later settled at Porsgrunn in Telemark, Norway. where he lived the rest of his life.

Deichman had learned a practical knowledge of mining operations at the Kongsberg Silver Mines. In 1734, together with his elder brother, Vilhelm Deichman (1709-1769) and brother-in-law Herman Leopoldus Løvenskiold (1701–1759), he purchased Fossum Ironworks. He was later the owner of several ironworks, including Eidsfos Verk. At the time of his death, his personal collection of over 6,000 books and an additional endowment formed the initial basis for the Oslo Public Library.

Christen Aagaard

Christen Lauritsen Aagaard (27 or 28 January 1616, Viborg, Denmark — 5 February 1664, Ribe), was a Danish poet. He studied from 1635 to 1639 in Copenhagen. Since 1647 he was professor of poetry at the University of Copenhagen. In 1651 he became rector and in 1658 lecturer in theology at Ribe, in Jutland and also preacher at Vester-Vedsted. Among other Latin poems, he wrote Threni Hyperborei, [Lamentations of the North] published, in folio, in 1648, on the death of Christian IV, King of Denmark. Several of his pieces are inserted in the first volume of Rostgaard's Deliciae Poëtarum Danorum (Copenhagen 1693).

Freddy Milton

Freddy Milton Larsen born April 18, 1948 in Viborg, Denmark, is a Danish comics artist and writer, mostly known under his pen name Freddy Milton. He has worked with the European editions of Donald Duck and Woody Woodpecker. Familien Gnuff and Villiam are two of his own comics creations.

Since the start of his career in the 1970s, he has worked for Danish, Swedish and Dutch comics publishers. During the 2010s he has also acted as a novelist.

Hald Manor

Hald Manor (Danish: Hald Hovedgård) is located 7 km south-west of Viborg, Denmark. Now owned by the Danish state, it is used as a venue for meetings and conferences.

Hald Manor is a single storey building with a 3-storey central section, originally built as a gatehouse in 1798. The two pavilions in the park were probably built in 1795.

Odin Brewery

Odin Brewery was a brewery in Viborg, Denmark which existed from 1832 to 1988; at that time it was the oldest brewery in Denmark.In February 2019 a small amount of Odin beers from 1906 were discovered under the old brewery.

Olaf Wieghorst

Olaf Wieghorst (April 30, 1899 in Viborg, Denmark – April 27, 1988 in California, United States) was a painter of the American West in the vein of Frederic Remington and Charles Russell and is known for his Indian, cowboy and horse paintings.

Rasmus Festersen

Rasmus Festersen (born 26 August 1986 in Viborg, Denmark) is a retired Danish footballer who played as an attacking midfielder/striker.

Skovgaard Museum

The Skovgaard Museum in Viborg, Denmark, situated in the former town hall from 1728 next to Viborg Cathedral, holds a collection of works by four generations of the Skovgaard family of artists.

The Animation Workshop

The Animation Workshop is an animation school housed in the former military barracks in Viborg, Denmark. It is a part of VIA University College's School of Business, Technology and Creative Industries. Since the late 1980s, The Animation Workshop has educated and trained animators for the Danish as well as the international animation, computer game and visual effects industry. The Animation Workshop has a strong international network of artists, professionals, companies, funding institutions and partner schools. Teachers and students come from Denmark and the rest of the world, and all classes are conducted in English.

TAW has played a role in many international projects, which seek to improve and create an understanding of the role functional animation and applied comics can play in public discourse, learning and modern communication processes.

In 2016, the institution was featured among The Top 20 Schools to Hire From as selected by Animation Magazine and won 5th place worldwide in the CG Student Awards in 2015. TAW ranked among the Top 100 Schools for Animation, Gaming and Design and 14th among International Animation Schools by the Animation Career Review in 2014.

Vibocold Arena Viborg

Vibocold Arena Viborg is an indoor sports arena in Viborg, Denmark primarily used for handball. The arena can hold a maximum of 3000 spectators with 1.883 seats, and is home to Danish Handball League side Viborg HK. Viborg HK's women's team also play their TOMS Ligaen matches in the arena.

The biggest attendance was in 2007, when Viborg HK played against Slagelse DT in the second match for the Danish Championship. 3000 Spectators attended the final.

The second biggest attendance was in December 2003, when the men's team from Viborg HK played against Thy Mors. 2800 spectators attended the match, which was a match, fighting for 1st. place in the second best men's handball league. (The winner would advance to the best league) It is currently the second biggest attendance for a 1. division handball match in Denmark. The record is held by HC Midtjylland who had an attendance of 3742 spectators during a match against Lemvig

Viborg Cathedral

Viborg Cathedral, Our Lady Cathedral (Danish: Viborg Domkirke eller Vor Frue Domkirke) is the site of one of Denmark's most important historic churches located in the town of Viborg in northern Jutland. The modern building is a 19th-century construction based on Lund Cathedral in southern Sweden which bears no resemblance to the medieval cathedral that stood on the site since 1130.

Viborg FF

Viborg Fodsports Forening ("Viborg Footsport Association"), or Viborg F.F. and VFF for short, is a Danish professional football club based in Viborg. The club was founded in 1896, but would have to wait more than a century before winning its only national trophy, the 2000 Danish Cup.

Viborg HK

Viborg HK (Viborg Håndbold Klub) is the name of a Danish handball club from Viborg. The club has many teams for both women and men, but especially the professional women's team is one of the most successful in Danish and European handball since the beginning of the 1990s. This team currently competes in the women's Danish Women's Handball League.

The women's team have won a total of 14 Danish Championships (all-time record), ten Danish Cup Championships (ranking second in all-time Cup trophies behind FIF), three Women's EHF Cup Championships (all-time record), and three EHF Women's Champions League Championships (ranking fifth in all-time Champions League trophies). They are also two-time winners of the now cancelled tournament EHF Champions Trophy and one-time winner of the EHF Women's Cup Winners' Cup.

They won the EHF Women's Champions League in the 2009/2010 season and won the second time in a row. They also held the title in the 2005–2006 season.

Viborg Katedralskole

Viborg Katedralskole is a public gymnasium (secondary education school) and IB World School in Viborg, Denmark. The school is located at Gammel Skivevej 2 in Viborg and supports about 1000 students.

Viborg Stadium

Energi Viborg Arena (originally Viborg Stadion) is a football stadium located in Viborg, Denmark. It is the home ground of Viborg FF and has a capacity of 9,566. The stadium is part of Viborg Stadion Center and is owned by Viborg Municipality. Since October 2011, it has been known as Energi Viborg Arena due to a sponsorship arrangement, giving naming rights to Energi Viborg, a regional energy group. It was one of four venues for the 2011 UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship, hosting three matches in Group B and a semi-final. The old stadium from 1931 was torn down in 2001 to make room for a new stadium with 9,566 seats. The new stadium came with covered seating and heating in the field. The extensions around the new stadium was finished in 2007, and there was added ekstra standing places for both home and away team fans. In 2008 two big screens were added to the new stadium. Other uses have included hosting concerts with a capacity of 22,000 concertgoers.

Capital Region
Central Denmark Region
North Denmark Region
Region Zealand
South Denmark Region

Languages

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