Vibo Valentia

Vibo Valentia (Italian: [ˈviːbo vaˈlɛntsja] (listen); Monteleone before 1861; Monteleone di Calabria from 1861 to 1928; Calabrian: Vibbu Valenzia or Muntalaùni) is a city and comune (municipality) in the Calabria region of southern Italy, near the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is the capital of the province of Vibo Valentia, and is an agricultural, commercial and tourist center (the most famous places nearby are Tropea, Ricadi and Pizzo). There are also several large manufacturing industries, including the tuna district of Maierato. Very important for the local economy is Vibo Marina's harbour.

Vibo Valentia

Muntalaùni  (Sicilian)
Comune di Vibo Valentia
Panorama of Vibo Valentia
Panorama of Vibo Valentia
Coat of arms of Vibo Valentia

Coat of arms
Location of Vibo Valentia
Vibo Valentia is located in Italy
Vibo Valentia
Vibo Valentia
Location of Vibo Valentia in Calabria
Vibo Valentia is located in Calabria
Vibo Valentia
Vibo Valentia
Vibo Valentia (Calabria)
Coordinates: 38°40′30″N 16°05′50″E / 38.67500°N 16.09722°E
CountryItaly
RegionCalabria
ProvinceVibo Valentia (VV)
FrazioniBivona, Longobardi, Piscopio, Porto Salvo, San Pietro, Vena Inferiore, Vena Media, Vena Superiore, Triparni, Vibo Marina
Government
 • MayorMaria Limardo
Area
 • Total46.57 km2 (17.98 sq mi)
Elevation
476 m (1,562 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total33,642
 • Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Vibonesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
89900, 89811
Dialing code0963
Patron saintSt. Leoluca
Saint day1 March
WebsiteOfficial website
Vibo castello
The castle.
Duomo Santa Maria Maggiore - Vibo Valentia - Calabria - Italy - July 21st 2013 - 02
The dome Santa Maria Maggiore

History

Vibo Valentia was originally the Greek colony of Hipponion (Greek: Ιππόνιον). It was founded, probably around the late 7th century BC, by inhabitants of Locri, a principal city of the Italian Magna Graecia, south of Vibo Valentia on the Ionian Sea. Diodorus Siculus reports that the city was taken in 388 BC by Dionysius the Elder tyrant of Syracuse, who deported all the population. The population came back in 378 BC, with the help of the Carthaginians. In the following years Hipponion came under the dominion of the Bruttii, who controlled most of Calabria. After the town fell to Rome, the name was Latinized to Hipponium. The town became a Roman colony in 194 BC with the name of Vibo Valentia. After a phase of prosperity during the late Republic and early Empire, the town was almost completely abandoned after the fall of the Western Roman Empire.

In 1070 the Normans built a castle at the site of the old Acropolis and in 1235 a new city was established by Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor and king of Sicily, with the name of Monteleone. The city got back the old Roman name of Vibo Valentia only in 1928.

Bishopric

A Diocese of Vibo Valentia was established in 451AD and suppressed in 1083AD when it was incorporated into the Diocese of Mileto.[3][4] In 1968AD it was restored as a titular see and it remains a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church.[5] The only known bishops are:[6]

  • Aldo Cavalli current
  • Luciano Angeloni (1970–1996)
  • Andreas Rohracher (1969–1970)

Main sights

  • Norman-Hohenstaufen Castle, located most likely on the site of Hipponion acropolis, and built around 1000. For its construction materials from the Greek temples nearby were used. It was damaged by an earthquake in 1783. Today the castle is home to a state museum.
  • Walls of Hipponion, including about 350 metres (1,150 ft) of remains and foundations of eight towers, each with an estimated height of 10 metres (33 ft).
  • Church of Santa Maria Maggiore e San Leoluca (Cathedral), built in the 9th century over the remains of a Byzantine basilica. It has an 18th-century marble high altar with a 16th-century sculpture of "Madonna della Neve", and a Renaissance triptych.
  • Church of Santa Ruba (c. 1000), built by Pope Callixtus II. It has a large cupola in Oriental style.
  • Church of the Rosario (c. 1337), located over a Roman temple. Originally in Gothic style, it was remade after the 1783 earthquake.

Twin towns

References

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ G. A. Loud, The Latin Church in Norman Italy (Cambridge University Press, 20 Dec. 2007)p191.
  4. ^ Joseph Bingham, Origines ecclesiasticæ Volume 2(Printed for William Straker, 1834) p371.
  5. ^ Vibo at catholic-hierarchy.org.
  6. ^ Vibo Valentia at GCatholic.org.
  • The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Columbia University Press. 2001. [1]
  • The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites; Stillwell, Richard. MacDonald, William L. McAlister, Marian Holland. Princeton, N.J. Princeton University Press. 1976. ISBN 0-691-03542-3 [2]

External links

Cessaniti

Cessaniti (Byzantine Greek: Κεσσανιτόν, romanized: Kessanitón; Greek: Kessanites) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Vibo Valentia in the Italian region Calabria, located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) southwest of Catanzaro and about 4 kilometres (2 mi) west of Vibo Valentia. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 3,595 and an area of 17.9 square kilometres (6.9 sq mi).The municipality of Cessaniti contains the frazioni (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Favelloni, Mantineo, Pannaconi, Piana Pugliese, San Cono, and San Marco.

Cessaniti borders the following municipalities: Briatico, Filandari, Vibo Valentia, Zungri.

Filadelfia, Calabria

Filadelfia (Greek: Philadelphia) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Vibo Valentia in the Italian region Calabria, located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) southwest of Catanzaro and about 20 kilometres (12 mi) northeast of Vibo Valentia. The city was built in 1783 by the people of Castelmonardo, on land that was 6 kilometres (4 mi) from their city that was destroyed by an earthquake. As of 31 December 2013, it had a population of 5,500 and an area of 30 square kilometres (12 sq mi).The municipality of Filadelfia contains the frazioni (subdivisions) of Montesoro, Pontenisi, Zagheria, Shiocca, Scarro, Nucarelle, Lucente and many other tiny villages.

Filadelfia borders the following municipalities: Curinga, Francavilla Angitola, Jacurso, Polia.

Filandari

Filandari (Calabrian: Xalandàri; Greek: Φιλαντάρις) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Vibo Valentia in the Italian region Calabria, located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) southwest of Catanzaro and about 7 kilometres (4 mi) southwest of Vibo Valentia. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 1,913 and an area of 18.5 square kilometres (7.1 sq mi).Filandari borders the following municipalities: Cessaniti, Jonadi, Mileto, Rombiolo, San Calogero, Vibo Valentia, Zungri.

Fileja

Fileja (pronounced [fɪˈlɛːja]) are a type pasta typically from the province of Vibo Valentia, Calabria. Made of durum wheat semolina and water, they are prepared by wrapping a sheet of pasta around a thin cane (dinaciulu), creating a hollow tube approximately 20 cm in length.

Francica

Francica is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Vibo Valentia in the Italian region Calabria, located about 50 kilometres (31 mi) southwest of Catanzaro and about 6 kilometres (4 mi) south of Vibo Valentia. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 1,666 and an area of 22.7 square kilometres (8.8 sq mi).Francica borders the following municipalities: Gerocarne, Mileto, San Costantino Calabro, San Gregorio d'Ippona, Stefanaconi, Vibo Valentia.

Giovanni Parisi

Giovanni Parisi (December 2, 1967 – March 25, 2009) was an Italian boxer, who won the gold medal in the Men's Featherweight (57 kg) category at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul.

Jonadi

Jonadi (Greek: Ιωνάδες) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Vibo Valentia in the Italian region Calabria, located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) southwest of Catanzaro and about 5 kilometres (3 mi) southwest of Vibo Valentia. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 3,027 and an area of 8.7 square kilometres (3.4 sq mi).The municipality of Jonadi contains the frazioni (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Nao, Vena, Baracconi, and Case Sparse.

Jonadi borders the following municipalities: Filandari, Mileto, San Costantino Calabro, San Gregorio d'Ippona, Vibo Valentia.

List of communes of Calabria

The following is a list of communes in Calabria, Italy. There are 404 communes in Calabria (as of January 2019):

80 in the Province of Catanzaro

150 in the Province of Cosenza

27 in the Province of Crotone

97 in the Province of Reggio Calabria

50 in the Province of Vibo Valentia

List of mayors of Vibo Valentia

The Mayor of Vibo Valentia is an elected politician who, along with the Vibo Valentia's City Council, is accountable for the strategic government of Vibo Valentia in Calabria, Italy. The current Mayor is Maria Limardo, a centre-right independent, who took office on 3 June 2019.

List of railway stations in Calabria

This is the list of the railway stations in Calabria owned by Rete Ferroviaria Italiana, a branch of the Italian state company Ferrovie dello Stato.

Nardodipace

Nardodipace (Calabrian: Narduepaci) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Vibo Valentia in the Italian region Calabria, located about 50 kilometres (31 mi) southwest of Catanzaro and about 30 kilometres (19 mi) southeast of Vibo Valentia.

Nardodipace borders the following municipalities: Caulonia, Fabrizia (to which it was united until 1901), Martone, Mongiana, Pazzano, Roccella Ionica, Stilo.

Nicola Signorello

Nicola Signorello (born 18 June 1926) is an Italian former politician.

Pizzo, Calabria

Pizzo (Calabrian: U Pìzzu), also called Pizzo Calabro, is a seaport and comune in the province of Vibo Valentia (Calabria, southern Italy), situated on a steep cliff overlooking the Gulf of Saint Euphemia.

Fishing is one of the main activities, including that of tuna and coral.

Pizzoni

Pizzoni (Calabrian: Pìzzuni) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Vibo Valentia in the Italian region Calabria, located about 45 kilometres (28 mi) southwest of Catanzaro and about 15 kilometres (9 mi) southeast of Vibo Valentia.

Pizzoni borders the following municipalities: Simbario, Sorianello, Soriano Calabro, Stefanaconi, Vazzano.

Province of Vibo Valentia

The province of Vibo Valentia (Italian: provincia di Vibo Valentia; Vibonese: pruvincia i Vibbu Valenzia) is a province in the Calabria region of southern Italy, set up by a national law of 6 March 1992 which came into effect on 1 January 1996, and formerly part of the Province of Catanzaro. Its capital is the city of Vibo Valentia and its vehicle licence plate code is VV. The province has an area of 1,139 square kilometres (440 sq mi) (7.6% of the total surface of Calabria), and a total population of 168,894 (ISTAT 2005); the city Vibo Valentia has a population of 35,405. There are 50 comuni (singular: comune) in the province, see list of communes of the Province of Vibo Valentia.

It was first settled by Italic tribe the Sicels and Vibo Valentia was established as a city in the 6th or 7th century, known as Hipponion by the Greeks of Messina and Reggio. Following this, the city was later recolonised by people from town Locri in the region of Calabria. Dionysius I of Syracuse had the city of Hipponion destroyed, and authority of the city subsequently passed to Ancient Carthage, tribe Bruttii, Greek Agathocles of Syracuse, and then the Locrians, before being conquered by Ancient Rome in around 230 BCE. In around 400 CE it was attacked repeatedly before being destroyed by the Muslims. Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor had the town rebuilt in the 13th century, and in 1284 it passed to the Ruffo family. Ferdinand I of Naples had a fort constructed in Pizzo Calabro in 1486.In June 2010 a dormant volcano was discovered off the coast of the province on the fault line that led to the 1905 Calabria earthquake. It is a mountainous province and is situated on the Tyrrhenian Sea.

San Gregorio d'Ippona

San Gregorio d'Ippona (Greek: Agios Gregorios Ipponias) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Vibo Valentia in the Italian region Calabria, located about 50 kilometres (31 mi) southwest of Catanzaro and about 2 kilometres (1 mi) southeast of Vibo Valentia. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 2,278 and an area of 12.4 square kilometres (4.8 sq mi).San Gregorio d'Ippona borders the following municipalities: Francica, Jonadi, San Costantino Calabro, and Vibo Valentia.

Sant'Onofrio, Calabria

Sant'Onofrio (Calabrian: Santu 'nòfhriu) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Vibo Valentia in the Italian region Calabria, located about 45 kilometres (28 mi) southwest of Catanzaro and about 4 kilometres (2 mi) northeast of Vibo Valentia. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 3,202 and an area of 18.4 square kilometres (7.1 sq mi). It is named after Saint Onuphrius.

Sant'Onofrio borders the following municipalities: Filogaso, Maierato, Pizzo, Stefanaconi, Vazzano, Vibo Valentia.

U.S. Vibonese Calcio

Unione Sportiva Vibonese Calcio is an Italian association football club located in Vibo Valentia, Calabria. It currently plays in Serie C.

Volley Callipo

Volley Callipo is a professional volleyball team based in Vibo Valentia, Italy. The club plays in SuperLega (previous Serie A1), highest level of the Italian Volleyball League. In season 2017/18 the club is named Tonno Callipo Calabria Vibo Valentia.

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