Via Alpina

The Via Alpina is a network of five long-distance hiking trails across the alpine regions of Slovenia, Austria, Germany, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Italy, France, and Monaco.[1] The longest of trails is the red trail, whose termini are in Trieste and Monaco.

The Via Alpina was created by a group of public and private organisations from the 8 Alpine countries in 2000, receiving EU funding from 2001 until 2008. It was initiated by the Association Grande Traversée des Alpes in Grenoble, which hosted the Via Alpina international secretariat until January 2014, when it was transferred to the International Commission for the Protection of the Alps CIPRA (Liechtenstein). There are national secretariats (hosted by public administrations or hiking associations) in each country. Its aim is to support sustainable development in remote mountain areas and promote the Alpine cultures and cultural exchanges.

Purple trail

  • A1: From Tržaška koča na Doliču to Aljažev dom v Vratih.
  • A2: From Aljažev dom v Vratih to Dovje.
  • A3: From Dovje to Koča na Golici.
  • A4: From Koča na Golici to Prešernova koča na Stolu.
  • A5: From Prešernova koča na Stolu to Roblekov Dom.
  • A6: From Roblekov Dom to Koča na Dobrči.
  • A7: From Koča na Dobrči to Tržič.
  • A8: From Tržič to Dom pod Storžičem.
  • A9: From Dom pod Storžičem to Zgornje Jezersko.
  • A10: From Zgornje Jezersko to Eisenkappler Hut.
  • A11: From Eisenkappler Hut to Riepl.
  • A12: From Riepl to Bleiburg.
  • A13: From Bleiburg to Lavamünd.
  • A14: From Lavamünd to Soboth.
  • A15: From Soboth to Eibiswald.
  • A16: From Eibiswald to Schwanberger-Brendlhütte.
  • A17: From Schwanberger-Brendlhütte to Koralpenhaus.
  • A18: From Koralpenhaus to Pack.
  • A19: From Pack to Salzstiegelhaus.
  • A20: From Salzstiegelhaus to Gaberl.
  • A21: From Gaberl to Knittelfeld.
  • A22: From Knittelfeld to Ingering II.
  • A23: From Ingering II to Trieben.
  • A24: From Trieben to Admont.
  • A25: From Admont to Spital am Pyhrn.
  • A26: From Spital am Pyhrn to Zellerhütte.
  • A27: From Zellerhütte to Hinterstoder.
  • A28: From Hinterstoder to Prielschutzhaus.
  • A29: From Prielschutzhaus to Pühringer Hut.
  • A30: From Pühringer Hütte to Loserhütte.
  • A31: From Loserhütte to Bad Goisern.
  • A32: From Bad Goisern to Gosau.
  • A33: From Gosau to Theodor-Körner Hut.
  • A34: From Theodor-Körner Hut to Lungötz.
  • A35: From Lungötz to Werfen.
  • A36: From Werfen to Arthur Haus.
  • A37: From Arthur Haus to Erichhütte.
  • A38: From Erichhütte to Maria Alm.
  • A39: From Maria Alm to Riemannhaus.
  • A40: From Riemannhaus to Kärlingerhaus.
  • A41: From Kärlingerhaus to Königssee.
  • A42: From Königssee to Engedey.
  • A43: From Engedey to Neue Traunsteiner Hut.
  • A44: From Neue Traunsteiner Hütte to Unken.
  • A45: From Unken to Ruhpolding.
  • A46: From Ruhpolding to Marquartstein.
  • A47: From Marquartstein to Kampenwand Bergstation.
  • A48: From Kampenwand Bergstation to Priener Hut.
  • A49: From Priener Hut to Spitzsteinhaus.
  • A50: From Spitzsteinhaus to Oberaudorf.
  • A51: From Oberaudorf to Brünnsteinhaus.
  • A52: From Brünnsteinhaus to Rotwandhaus.
  • A53: From Rotwandhaus to Sutten.
  • A54: From Sutten to Kreuth.
  • A55: From Kreuth to Lenggries.
  • A56: From Lenggries to Tutzinger Hut.
  • A57: From Tutzinger Hut to Herzogstand.
  • A58: From Herzogstand to Weilheimer Hut.
  • A59: From Weilheimer Hut to Garmisch-Partenkirchen.
  • A60: From Garmisch-Partenkirchen to Linderhof.
  • A61: From Linderhof to Kenzenhütte.
  • A62: From Kenzenhütte to Füssen.
  • A63: From Füssen to Pfronten.
  • A64: From Pfronten to Tannheim.
  • A65: From Tannheim to Prinz-Luitpold-Haus.
  • A66: From Prinz-Luitpold-Haus to Oberstdorf.

Yellow Trail

  • B1: From Muggia (Trieste) to Rifugio Premuda.
  • B2: From Rifugio Premuda to Villa Opicina (Sella di Opicina) / Opčine.
  • B3: From Villa Opicina (Sella di Opicina) / Opčine to Sistiana / Sesljan.
  • B4: From Sistiana / Sesljan to Gorizia.
  • B5: From Gorizia to Castelmonte / Stara Gora.
  • B6: From Castelmonte / Stara Gora to Rif. Casoni Solarie.
  • B7: From Rif. Casoni Solarie to Rif. G. Pelizzo.
  • B8: From Rif. G. Pelizzo to Montemaggiore.
  • B9: From Montemaggiore to Passo di Tanamea.
  • B10: From Passo di Tanamea to Resiutta.
  • B11: From Resiutta to Rifugio Grauzaria.
  • B12: From Rifugio Grauzaria to Tolmezzo.
  • B13: From Tolmezzo to Ovaro.
  • B14: From Ovaro to Sauris di Sotto.
  • B15: From Sauris di Sotto to Forni di Sopra.
  • B16: From Forni di Sopra to Rifugio Pordenone.
  • B17: From Rifugio Pordenone to Rifugio Padova.
  • B18: From Rifugio Padova to Rifugio P. Galassi.
  • B19: From Rifugio P. Galassi to Rif. Città di Fiume.
  • B20: From Rif. Città di Fiume to Pieve di Livinallongo.
  • B21: From Pieve di Livinallongo to Passo Pordoi.
  • B22: From Passo Pordoi to Rifugio Contrin.
  • B23: From Rifugio Contrin to Fontanazzo.
  • B24: From Fontanazzo to Rifugio Antermoia.
  • B25: From Rifugio Antermoia to Schlernhaus / Rifugio Bolzano.
  • B26: From Schlernhaus / Rifugio Bolzano to Bozen / Bolzano.
  • B27: From Bozen / Bolzano to Meraner Hut / Rifugio Merano.
  • B28: From Meraner Hut / Rifugio Merano to Hochganghaus / Rifugio del Valico.
  • B29: From Hochganghaus / Rifugio del Valico to Jausenstation Patleid.
  • B30: From Jausenstation Patleid to Karthaus / Certosa.
  • B31: From Karthaus / Certosa to Similaunhütte / Rifugio Similaun.
  • B32: From Similaunhütte / Rifugio Similaun to Vent, Austria.
  • B33: From Vent to Zwieselstein.
  • B34: From Zwieselstein to Braunschweiger Hut.
  • B35: From Braunschweiger Hut to Wenns.
  • B36: From Wenns to Zams am Inn.
  • B37: From Zams am Inn to Memminger Hut.
  • B38: From Memminger Hut to Holzgau.
  • B39: From Holzgau to Kemptner Hut.
  • B40: From Kemptner Hut to Oberstdorf.

Green Trail

The Via Alpina green trail follows the Swiss National Route no. 1 (previously known as the Swiss Alpine Pass Route) from Sargans to Lenk, which then continues over a further four passes to Montreux.[2][3]

Blue Trail

From D11 to D51, coinciding to a large extent with the Piemontese Grande Traversata delle Alpi (GTA).

  • D1: From Riale to Alpe Vannino.
  • D2: From Alpe Vannino to Alpe Devero.
  • D3: From Alpe Devero to Binn.
  • D4: From Binn to Rosswald.
  • D5: From Rosswald to Simplonpass.
  • D6: From Simplonpass to Zwischbergen.
  • D7: From Zwischbergen to Alpe il Laghetto.
  • D8: From Alpe il Laghetto to Rifugio Andolla.
  • D9: From Rifugio Andolla to Antronapiana.
  • D10: From Antronapiana to Madonna della Gurva (Molini di Calasca).
  • D11: From Madonna della Gurva (Molini di Calasca) to Campello Monti.
  • D12: From Campello Monti to Santa Maria di Fobello.
  • D13: From Santa Maria di Fobello to Carcoforo.
  • D14: From Carcoforo to Rifugio Ferioli.
  • D15: From Rifugio Ferioli to S. Antonio di Valvogna.
  • D16: From S. Antonio di Valvogna to Gressoney-Saint-Jean.
  • D17: From Gressoney-Saint-Jean to Piedicavallo.
  • D18: From Piedicavallo to Issime.
  • D19: From Issime to Challand-Saint-Victor.
  • D20: From Challand-Saint-Victor to Covarey.
  • D21: From Covarey to Rifugio Dondena.
  • D22: From Rifugio Dondena to Alpe Péradza.
  • D23: From Alpe Péradza to Piamprato.
  • D24: From Piamprato to Tallorno.
  • D25: From Tallorno to Ronco Canavese.
  • D26: From Ronco Canavese to Talosio.
  • D27: From Talosio to San Lorenzo.
  • D28: From San Lorenzo to Ceresole Reale.
  • D29: From Ceresole Reale to Pialpetta.
  • D30: From Pialpetta to Balme.
  • D31: From Balme to Usseglio.
  • D32: From Usseglio to Rifugio Riposa.
  • D33: From Rifugio Riposa to Rifugio Stellina.
  • D34: From Rifugio Stellina to Refuge du Petit Mont Cenis.
  • D35: From Refuge du Petit Mont Cenis to Rifugio Vaccarone.
  • D36: From Rifugio Vaccarone to Rifugio Levi-Molinari.
  • D37: From Rifugio Levi-Molinari to Rifugio D. Arlaud.
  • D38: From Rifugio D. Arlaud to Usseaux.
  • D39: From Usseaux to Balsiglia.
  • D40: From Balsiglia to Ghigo di Prali.
  • D41: From Ghigo di Prali to Rifugio Lago Verde.
  • D42: From Rifugio Lago Verde to Le Roux.
  • D43: From Le Roux to Rifugio W. Jervis.
  • D44: From Rifugio W. Jervis to Rifugio Barbara Lowrie.
  • D45: From Rifugio Barbara Lowrie to Pian del Re.
  • D46: From Pian del Re to Refuge du Viso.
  • D47: From Refuge du Viso to Rifugio Savigliano.
  • D48: From Rifugio Savigliano to Chiesa di Bellino.
  • D49: From Chiesa di Bellino to Serre di Val d'Elva.
  • D50: From Serre di Val d'Elva to Ussolo.
  • D51: From Ussolo to Chiappera.
  • D52: From Chiappera to Larche.
  • D53: From Larche to Bousiéyas.
  • D54: From Bousiéyas to St-Etienne-de-Tinée.
  • D55: From St-Etienne-de-Tinée to Roya.
  • D56: From Roya to Refuge de Longon.
  • D57: From Refuge de Longon to St Sauveur-sur-Tinée.
  • D58: From St Sauveur-sur-Tinée to St-Martin-Vésubie.
  • D59: From St-Martin-Vésubie to Belvédère.
  • D60: From Belvédère to Col de Turini.
  • D61: From Col de Turini to Sospel.

Red Trail

The longest trail, crossing all 8 countries.

  • R1: From Muggia (Trieste) to Rifugio Premuda.
  • R2: From Rifugio Premuda to Matavun (Divača).
  • R3: From Matavun (Divača) to Razdrto.
  • R4: From Razdrto to Predjama.
  • R5: From Predjama to Črni vrh.
  • R6: From Črni vrh to Idrija.
  • R7: From Idrija to Planinska koča na Ermanovcu.
  • R8: From Planinska koča na Ermanovcu to Porezen.
  • R9: From Porezen to Črna prst.
  • R10: From Črna prst to Dom na Komni.
  • R11: From Dom na Komni to Koča pri Triglavskih jezerih.
  • R12: From Koča pri Triglavskih jezerih to Tržaška koča na Doliču.
  • R13: From Tržaška koča na Doliču to the Trenta Valley.
  • R14: From Trenta to Dom v Tamarju.
  • R15: From Dom v Tamarju to Thörl-Maglern.
  • R16: From Thörl-Maglern to Feistritzer Alm.
  • R17: From Feistritzer Alm to Egger Alm.
  • R18: From Egger Alm to Naßfeld.
  • R19: From Naßfeld to Zollnersee Hut ehm. Dr. Steinwender Hut.
  • R20: From Zollnersee Hut ehm. Dr. Steinwender Hut to Untere Valentinalm.
  • R21: From Untere Valentinalm to Wolayersee Hut.
  • R22: From Wolayersee Hut to Hochweißsteinhaus.
  • R23: From Hochweißsteinhaus to Neue Porze Hut.
  • R24: From Neue Porze Hut to Obstansersee Hut.
  • R25: From Obstansersee Hut to Sillianer Hut.
  • R26: From Sillianer Hut to Drei-Zinnen Hut / Rifugio Locatelli.
  • R27: From Drei-Zinnen Hut / Rifugio Locatelli to Dürrensteinhütte / Rifugio Vallandro.
  • R28: From Dürrensteinhütte / Rifugio Vallandro to Seekofelhütte / Rifugio Biella.
  • R29: From Seekofelhütte / Rifugio Biella to St. Martin in Gsies / S. Martino in Casies.
  • R30: From St. Martin in Gsies / S. Martino in Casies to Antholz-Mittertal / Anterselva di Mezzo.
  • R31: From Antholz-Mittertal / Anterselva di Mezzo to Rieserfernerhütte / Rifugio Vedrette di Ries.
  • R32: From Rieserfernerhütte / Rifugio Vedrette di Ries to Ahornach / Acereto.
  • R33: From Ahornach / Acereto to Chemnitzer Hut / Rifugio G. Porro.
  • R34: From Chemnitzer Hut / Rifugio G. Porro to Dun (Pfunders / Fundres).
  • R35: From Dun (Pfunders / Fundres) to Pfitscherjoch / Passo Vizze.
  • R36: From Pfitscherjoch / Passo Vizze to Ginzling.
  • R37: From Ginzling to Finkenberg.
  • R38: From Finkenberg to Rastkogelhütte.
  • R39: From Rastkogelhütte to Loassattel.
  • R40: From Loassattel to Schwaz.
  • R41: From Schwaz to Lamsenjochhütte.
  • R42: From Lamsenjochhütte to Falkenhütte.
  • R43: From Falkenhütte to Scharnitz.
  • R44: From Scharnitz to Meilerhütte.
  • R45: From Meilerhütte to Reintalanger Hut.
  • R46: From Reintalanger Hut to Coburger Hut.
  • R47: From Coburger Hut to Wolfratshauser Hütte.
  • R48: From Wolfratshauser Hut to Weißenbach am Lech.
  • R49: From Weißenbach am Lech to Prinz-Luitpold-Haus.
  • R50: From Prinz-Luitpold-Haus to Oberstdorf.
  • R51: From Oberstdorf to Mindelheimerhütte.
  • R52: From Mindelheimerhütte to Schröcken.
  • R53: From Schröcken to Buchboden.
  • R54: From Buchboden to St. Gerold.
  • R55: From St. Gerold to Feldkirch.
  • R56: From Feldkirch to Gafadurahütte.
  • R57: From Gafadurahütte to Sücka.
  • R58: From Sücka to Pfälzerhütte.
  • R59: From Pfälzerhütte to Schesaplana Hütte.
  • R60: From Schesaplana Hut to Carschinahütte.
  • R61: From Carschinahütte to St. Antönien.
  • R62: From St. Antönien to Gargellen.
  • R63: From Gargellen to Tübinger Hut.
  • R64: From Tübinger Hut to Madlener Haus.
  • R65: From Madlener Haus to Jamtalhütte.
  • R66: From Jamtalhütte to Scuol.
  • R67: From Scuol to S-charl.
  • R68: From S-charl to Taufers / Tubre.
  • R69: From Taufers / Tubre to Stilfs / Stelvio.
  • R70: From Stilfs / Stelvio to Stilfser Joch / Passo dello Stelvio.
  • R71: From Stilfser Joch / Passo dello Stelvio to Arnoga.
  • R72: From Arnoga to Eita.
  • R73: From Eita to Malghera.
  • R74: From Malghera to Rifugio Schiazzera.
  • R75: From Rifugio Schiazzera to Tirano.
  • R76: From Tirano to Poschiavo.
  • R77: From Poschiavo to Rifugio Zoia (Campo Moro).
  • R78: From Rifugio Zoia (Campo Moro) to Chiareggio.
  • R79: From Chiareggio to Maloja.
  • R80: From Maloja to Juf.
  • R81: From Juf to Innerferrera.
  • R82: From Innerferrera to Isola.
  • R83: From Isola to Pian San Giacomo.
  • R84: From Pian San Giacomo to Selma.
  • R85: From Selma to Capanna Alpe Cava.
  • R86: From Capanna Alpe Cava to Biasca.
  • R87: From Biasca to Capanna d'Efra.
  • R88: From Capanna d'Efra to Sonogno.
  • R89: From Sonogno to Prato Sornico.
  • R90: From Prato Sornico to Fontana (Val Bovana).
  • R91: From Fontana (Val Bovana) to Robiei.
  • R92: From Robiei to Riale.
  • R93: From Riale to Ulrichen.
  • R94: From Ulrichen to Fieschertal.
  • R95: From Fieschertal to Riederalp.
  • R96: From Riederalp to Mund.
  • R97: From Mund to Gampel / Steg.
  • R98: From Gampel / Steg to Leukerbad.
  • R99: From Leukerbad to Schwarenbach.
  • R100: From Schwarenbach to Adelboden.
  • R101: From Adelboden to Lenk.
  • R102: From Lenk to Lauenen.
  • R103: From Lauenen to Gsteig.
  • R104: From Gsteig to Godey.
  • R105: From Godey to Anzeindaz.
  • R106: From Anzeindaz to Col du Demècre.
  • R107: From Col du Demècre to Vernayaz / Pissevache.
  • R108: From Vernayaz / Pissevache to Cabane de Susanfe.
  • R109: From Cabane de Susanfe to Refuge Tornay-Bostan.
  • R110: From Refuge Tornay-Bostan to Salvagny.
  • R111: From Salvagny to Refuge de Moëde-Anterne.
  • R112: From Refuge de Moëde-Anterne to La Flégère.
  • R113: From La Flégère to Trient.
  • R114: From Trient to Champex.
  • R115: From Champex to Bourg-St-Pierre.
  • R116: From Bourg-St-Pierre to Col du Grand-Saint-Bernard.
  • R117: From Col du Grand-Saint-Bernard to Cérellaz.
  • R118: From Cérellaz to Valgrisenche.
  • R119: From Valgrisenche to Refuge de l'Archeboc.
  • R120: From Refuge de l'Archeboc to Le Monal.
  • R121: From Le Monal to Le Lac de Tignes.
  • R122: From Le Lac de Tignes to Refuge de La Leisse.
  • R123: From Refuge de La Leisse to Termignon-la-Vanoise.
  • R124: From Termignon-la-Vanoise to Modane.
  • R125: From Modane to Granges de la Vallée Etroite.
  • R126: From Granges de la Vallée Etroite to Névache.
  • R127: From Névache to Le Monêtier-les-Bains.
  • R128: From Le Monêtier-les-Bains to Vallouise.
  • R129: From Vallouise to Freissinières.
  • R130: From Freissinières to Mont-Dauphin (Guillestre).
  • R131: From Mont-Dauphin (Guillestre) to Refuge de Furfande.
  • R132: From Refuge de Furfande to Ceillac.
  • R133: From Ceillac to Maljasset.
  • R134: From Maljasset to Chiappera.
  • R135: From Chiappera to Chialvetta.
  • R136: From Chialvetta to Pontebernardo.
  • R137: From Pontebernardo to Rifugio Zanotti.
  • R138: From Rifugio Zanotti to Strepeis.
  • R139: From Strepeis to Sant'Anna di Vinadio.
  • R140: From Sant'Anna di Vinadio to Rifugio Malinvern.
  • R141: From Rifugio Malinvern to Rifugio Questa.
  • R142: From Rifugio Questa to Rifugio Morelli-Buzzi.
  • R143: From Rifugio Morelli-Buzzi to Rifugio Ellena-Soria.
  • R144: From Rifugio Ellena-Soria to Refuge de la Madone de Fenestre.
  • R145: From Refuge de la Madone de Fenestre to Refuge de Nice.
  • R146: From Refuge de Nice to Refuge de Valmasque.
  • R147: From Refuge de Valmasque to Castérino.
  • R148: From Castérino to Limonetto.
  • R149: From Limonetto to Rifugio Garelli.
  • R150: From Rifugio Garelli to Rifugio Mongioie.
  • R151: From Rifugio Mongioie to Ormea.
  • R152: From Ormea to Garessio.
  • R153: From Garessio to Caprauna.
  • R154: From Caprauna to Colle di Nava.
  • R155: From Colle di Nava to Colle San Bernardo di Mendatica.
  • R156: From San Bernardo di Mendatica to Colla Melosa.
  • R157: From Colla Melosa to Saorge.
  • R158: From Saorge to Breil-sur-Roya.
  • R159: From Breil-sur-Roya to Sospel.
  • R160: From Sospel to Peillon.
  • R161: From Peillon to Monaco - Place du Palais.

Coordinates: 46°26′16.28″N 9°42′42.89″E / 46.4378556°N 9.7119139°E

References

  1. ^ "Wandern auf der Via Alpina - Willkommen". Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  2. ^ "Via Alpina". Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  3. ^ Reynolds, Kev (2011). "Trek 10 - Alpine Pass Route". Trekking in the Alps. Cicerone. pp. 124–135. ISBN 978 1 85284 600 8.

External links

Alpine Pass Route

The Alpine Pass Route is a long-distance hiking trail through the Alps in Switzerland, part of the Via Alpina route. It starts in Sargans in eastern Switzerland, and crosses the heart of country westwards to finish in Montreux on the shore of Lake Geneva. The total route covers over 325 kilometres (202 mi) and crosses 16 mountain passes, and takes 15 or more walking days to complete.

Ammergau Alps

The Ammergau Alps (German: Ammergauer Alpen or Ammergebirge) are a mountain range in the Northern Limestone Alps in the states of Bavaria (Germany) and Tyrol (Austria). They cover an area of about 30 x 30 km and begin at the outer edge of the Alps. The highest summit is the Daniel which has a height of 2,340 metres (7,680 ft).

Bavarian Prealps

The Bavarian Prealps (German: Bayerischen Voralpen) are a mountain range within the Northern Limestone Alps in south Germany. They include the Bavarian Prealp region between the river Loisach to the west and the river Inn to the east; the range is about 80 kilometres (50 mi) long and 20–30 kilometres (12–19 mi) wide. The term is not defined politically, but alpine-geographically because small areas of the Bavarian Prealps lie in Tyrol (e.g. the Hinteres Sonnwendjoch south of the Rotwand).

The term is not to be confused with the Bavarian Alps or the Bavarian Alpine Foreland. These terms include the whole of the alpine region (together with parts of the Wetterstein, the Karwendel, etc.) and the whole Alpine Foreland on Bavarian state territory.

Except in the Ester Mountains in the extreme west, the summits of the Bavarian Prealps are all below 2000 metres in height and only a few have prominent limestone cliffs.

Brandon Wilson

Brandon Wilson (born October 2, 1953) is known as an author of non-fiction travel narratives and explorer.

Bregenz Forest Mountains

The Bregenz Forest Mountains, also the Bregenzerwald Mountains (German: Bregenzerwaldgebirge), are a range of the Northern Limestone Alps, named after the town of Bregenz. The Bregenz Forest Mountains are entirely located in the Austrian state of Vorarlberg.

Col de la Traversette

The Col de la Traversette (Italian: Colle delle Traversette) is a bridle pass with an altitude of 2,947 m in the Cottian Alps. Located between Crissolo and Abriès it represents the border between Italy and France and separates the Monviso (3,841 m) from the Monte Granero (3,171 m). The Blue Trail of the Via Alpina and the Giro di Viso cross the pass.

The 75 m long Monte Viso Tunnel (French: Tunnel de la Traversette, Italian: Buco di Viso) is a pedestrian tunnel constructed between 1478 and 1480 to bypass the Col.

Grande Traversée des Alpes

The Grande Traversée des Alpes (GTA) is a long-distance hiking trail in the French Alps, connecting Thonon-les-Bains on Lake Leman with Nice. It constitutes the southernmost part of the Sentier de Grande Randonnée GR5.The GTA was created in the beginning of the 1970s. It was soon imitated in Italy, where another GTA, the Grande Traversata delle Alpi was created. The Via Alpina uses some legs of both the French and the Italian GTA.

The Grande Traversée des Alpes (GTA) is also the name of the association which manages the GTA trail as well as the French part of the Via Alpina and other projects in sustainable, interregional mountain tourism in the French Alps, located in Grenoble.

Hiking

Hiking is the preferred term, in Canada and the United States, for a long, vigorous walk, usually on trails (footpaths), in the countryside, while the word walking is used for shorter, particularly urban walks. On the other hand, in the United Kingdom, and the Republic of Ireland, the word "walking" is acceptable to describe all forms of walking, whether it is a walk in the park or backpacking in the Alps. The word hiking is also often used in the UK, along with rambling (a slightly old-fashioned term), hillwalking, and fell walking (a term mostly used for hillwalking in northern England). The term bushwalking is endemic to Australia, having been adopted by the Sydney Bush Walkers club in 1927. In New Zealand a long, vigorous walk or hike is called tramping. It is a popular activity with numerous hiking organizations worldwide, and studies suggest that all forms of walking have health benefits.

Hohtürli

The Hohtürli (Swiss German, literally means High Little Door) is a high Alpine hiking pass of the Bernese Alps. The pass crosses the col between the peaks of Wildi Frau and Dündenhorn, at an elevation of 2,778 m (9,114 ft).The pass is traversed by a hiking track, which connects the hamlet of Griesalp, at an elevation of 1,408 m (4,619 ft) in the upper Kiental south of Reichenbach im Kandertal, at the entrance of the Kiental, with Kandersteg, at an elevation of 1,174 m (3,852 ft) in the valley of the Kander, the Kandertal. The track forms part of the Alpine Pass Route, a long-distance hiking trail across Switzerland between Sargans and Montreux, and the Hohtürli is the highest pass crossed by that route.

Lac de Salanfe

Lac de Salanfe is a lake in the municipality of Evionnaz, Valais, Switzerland. The reservoir is located at an elevation of 1925 m. Its surface area is 1.62 km2 (0.63 sq mi).

It can be reached by 6.5 km-long footpath from Vernayaz.

The dam Salanfe was completed in 1952.

Different major walking trails cross in Salanfe. The two biggest are 'Le tour des Dents du Midi' and the Via Alpina. Many hikers stay the night at the refuge situated next to the lake.

Lechquellen Mountains

The Lechquellen Mountains (German: Lechquellengebirge) or Lechquellen range is a small mountain group within the Northern Limestone Alps of the Eastern Alps. It lies entirely within the Austrian state of Vorarlberg and includes the upper reaches of the river Lech with its headstreams in a horseshoe shape as well as the Upper Großwalsertal valley.

Long-distance trail

A long-distance trail (or long-distance footpath, track, way, greenway) is a longer recreational trail mainly through rural areas used for hiking, backpacking, cycling, horse riding or cross-country skiing. They exist on all continents except Antartica.

Many trails are marked on maps. Typically, a long-distance route will be at least 50 km (30 mi) long, but many run for several hundred miles, or longer.

Many routes are waymarked and may cross public or private land and/or follow existing rights of way. Generally, the surface is not specially prepared, and there are often rough ground and uneven areas, except in places such as converted rail tracks or popular walking routes where stone-pitching and slabs have been laid to prevent erosion. In some places, official trails will have the surface specially prepared to make the going easier.

Mieming Range

The Mieming(er) Range, Mieminger Chain (German: Mieminger Kette) or Mieminger Mountains (Mieminger Gebirge), is a mountain range of the Northern Limestone Alps in the Eastern Alps. It is located entirely in Austria within the state of Tyrol.

This sub-group is somewhat in the shadows of its more famous neighbour, the Wetterstein to the north. Whilst the region around the Coburger Hut and the lakes of Seebensee and Drachensee in the west (Ehrwalder Sonnenspitze and Vorderer Tajakopf with its new klettersteig over the Tajakante) and the Hohe Munde in the extreme east receive large numbers of visitors, the less developed central area remains very quiet. The Hohe Munde is also a popular and challenging ski touring destination.

Public transport links: The Außerfern Railway stops at Ehrwald on the western side of the range. Busses run from Leutasch on the southern side of the mountains to Mittenwald and Seefeld in Tirol.

Reintal (Wetterstein)

The Reintal ("Rein Valley") is the name given to the upper and lower valleys of the River Partnach between the Zugspitzplatt plateau and the Partnachklamm gorge. A hiking route to Germany's highest mountain, the Zugspitze runs through the valley.

The valley was formed during the Würm Ice Age by the Reintal Glacier and then deepened by the Partnach in the post-ice age period after the retreat of the glacier to the periphery of the Schneefernerkopf mountain. The upper Reintal, which was shaped by the glacier and today forms a U-shaped glacial valley, ends between the Hohe Gaifkopf in the west and the Schachen in the east. The lower Reintal lies in the area of the former glacial lake of the Loisach Glacier, into which the Reintal Glacier flowed from the southwest. It is a V-shaped valley and has been predominantly shaped by the Partnach river.

Together with the Höllental valley to the north, the Reintal divides the Wetterstein Mountains into several ridges. The northern periphery is formed by the arêtes of the Höllentalspitzen (2,743 m) and the Hohe Gaifkopf (1,864 m). The highest points on the southern flank of the valley lie on the Hochwanner (2,744 m), the Hinterreintalschrofen (2,670 m) and the Dreitorspitze (2,682 m). The valley floor lies at elevations between 1400 m above NN at the source of the Partnach river, 1,002 m at the entrance to the gorge of the Hinteren Klamm and 797 m at the start of the Partnachklamm gorge, in the upper Reintal therefore about 1300 to 850 m above the surrounding mountain peaks. [?] In the upper Reintal the rubble from rockslides from the southern faces of the Hochwanner and Hinterreintalschrofen also play a rôle in the shaping of the valley. These have spilled into the old glacial valley, forced back the course of the Partnach to the north and, in places, impounding it.

Around 1800 rockslides created two small lakes, the Vordere Blaue Gumpe and Hintere Blaue Gumpe. On 23 August 2005 the former was completely filled with sediment as a result of heavy rain (200mm in 24h) whereupon high pressure broke the natural dam. The resulting deluge of flood water caused considerable damage further down the valley.A moderately steep climbing path to the Zugspitze runs through the Reintal, the section as far as the Knorr Hut forming part of the Red Trail of the Via Alpina. The mountain huts in the valley, the Bock Hut and Reintalanger Hut, are used by hikers and climbers as bases for numerous tours.

Due to its great distance from any settlements and because no roads runs up the valley the Reintal is very unspoilt and still very natural, despite being easily accessible on foot. Together with the Wimbachtal in the Berchtesgadener Land it may be considered as one of the most impressive, large, near-natural valley landscapes in the Bavarian Alps. The upper Reintal is protected as a nature reserve.

Rifugio Campo Base

The Rifugio Campeggio Campo Base is an alpine refuge located in the Municipality of Acceglio, in the Province of Cuneo, Italy.

Schiederweiher

The Schiederweiher (Schieder-Pond) is an artifical lake in Hinterstoder, Upper Austria, created by impounding the river Krumme Steyr. The pond resides at the altitude of 612 m above sea level at the foot of the Großer Priel in the Totes Gebirge mountain range.

It has roughly a surface of 2 ha with a depth of 1 to 1.5 m. The influx takes place via a ditch from the Krumme Steyr and is additionally fed by wells on the pond's bottom. It's drainage back into the Krumme Steyr is regulated by a wooden weir.

The Schiederweiher was formed from 1897 to 1902 by Johann Schieder, k.u.k. master builder. To address the increasing deposition and algae formation, the municipality of Hinterstoder remediated the lake 2004/2005 with support of landowner Duke of Württemberg.Calcium-rich marl covers the lake bottom where stoneworts and common water-crowfoots grow. The southern bank displays a strip of phragmites, other shores only show sparse patches of common reed and a wet meadow borders in the west. The pond classifies as oligotrophic.During lake remediation the reed strip and shallow waters were kept intact and in 2005 stocked with river trout, arctic char, coregonus, minnow, bullhead and crayfish.

The purple trail of the Via Alpina passes by the Schiederweiher to the Prielschutzhaus mountain hut.

Sefinenfurgge Pass

The Sefinafurgga (Swiss German, Germanized: Sefinenfurgge) is a mountain pass of the Bernese Alps. The pass crosses the col between the peaks of Hundshore and Bütlasse, at an elevation of 2,612 m (8,570 ft).The pass is traversed by a hiking track, which connects the village of Lauterbrunnen, at an elevation of 795 m (2,608 ft), and the Alpine hamlet of Griesalp, at an elevation of 1,408 m (4,619 ft) in the upper Kiental south of Reichenbach im Kandertal at the entrance of the Kiental. The track forms part of the Alpine Pass Route, a long-distance hiking trail across Switzerland between Sargans and Montreux.

Wetterstein

The Wetterstein mountains (German: Wettersteingebirge), colloquially called Wetterstein, is a mountain group in the Northern Limestone Alps within the Eastern Alps. It is a comparatively compact range located between Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Mittenwald, Seefeld in Tirol and Ehrwald along the border between Germany (Bavaria) and Austria (Tyrol). Zugspitze, the highest peak is at the same time the highest mountain in Germany.The Wetterstein mountains are an ideal region for mountaineers and climbers. Mountain walkers sometimes need to allow for significant differences in elevation. The proximity of the range to the south German centres of population, the scenic landscape and its good network of cable cars and lifts mean that the mountains are heavily frequented by tourists for most of the year. There are, however, places in the Wetterstein that are rarely or never visited by people.

Zams

Zams is a municipality in the district of Landeck in the Austrian state of Tyrol.

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