Vattenfall United Kingdom

Vattenfall United Kingdom is a subsidiary of Vattenfall.[1] It generates renewable energy, primarily through wind farms[2] in the United Kingdom.[3]

Vattenfall United Kingdom
Subsidiary
IndustryRenewable energy
FounderN.V. Nuon Energy
Headquarters,
Area served
Parts of the United Kingdom
ProductsElectrical power
ParentVattenfall
Websitewww.vattenfall.co.uk

History

Vattenfall United Kingdom was established as Nuon Renewables in 2000. It was a United Kingdom based subsidiary of N.V. Nuon Energy. It has since built many wind farms which form a potential annual power generation total of eight hundred megawatts.[4] They generate and distribute gas and electricity to millions of customers across the United Kingdom.[5] After acquisition of N.V. Nuon Energy by Vattenfall it operated as an independent business unit. In January 2012 it was merged with Vattenfall's other assets in the United Kingdom and was renamed Vattenfall United Kingdom.[6]

Projects

The company owns and operates many wind farms, some as small as their ten megawatt Parc Cynog wind farm, to others as large as their current project, a two-hundred and ninety-nine megawatt development in Pen y Cymoedd Wind Energy.[4]

Projects
Source[5] Project Location Windmills State Generating Capacity Total Height Equiv Homes
[7] Airfield Farm Airfield Farm
(in North West Bedfordshire)
3 Under
Development
?
?
?
[8] Harrington Former RAF
Harrington Airfield
7 Under
Development
14 megawatts 126 meters 7,700
[9] Hirddywel Hirddywel 9 Under
Development
27 megawatts 125 meters 15,100
[10] Llanbadarn
Fynydd
North of Llanbadarn Fynydd
in Radnorshire, Powys
17 Active 51 megawatts 126.5 meters 27,566
[11] Mynydd Waun Fawr Southwest of Llanerfyl
in Powys, Wales
15 Proposed 37.5 megawatts 110 meters 20,000

Current project

Nuon Renewables is currently considering building a wind farm of seven turbines at the RAF Harrington airfield.[12]

Turbines In Operation Estimated Average
Generating Capacity
Average
Tower Height
Average
Blade Length
Average
Turbine Height
Estimated Yearly
Electricity Produced
Estimated Equivalent
Homes Powered
Estimated Yearly
Carbon Dioxide Saved
7 14 Megawatts 85 Meters 41 Meters 126 Meters 36,000,000 Kilowatt hours 7,700 13 - 31 Kilotons per Year

References

  1. ^ MMC Centre. "Overview". Baobab Solutions UK Ltd. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
  2. ^ Renewable Energy Association. "Renewable Energy Association". Retrieved 18 August 2010.
  3. ^ Nuon Renewables. "Nuon Renewables Home Page". ProntoCMS. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
  4. ^ a b Nuon Renewables. "About". ProntoCMS. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
  5. ^ a b Nuon Renewables. "Projects". Pronto CMS. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
  6. ^ http://www.powerengineeringint.com/articles/2012/01/nuon-renewables-joins-forces-with-vattenfall--in-the-uk.html
  7. ^ Nuon Renewables. "Airfield Farm Cite". ProntoCMS. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
  8. ^ Nuon Renewables. "Harrington Cite". ProntoCMS. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
  9. ^ Nuon Renewables. "Hirddywel Cite". ProntoCMS. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
  10. ^ Nuon Renewables. "Llanbadarn Fynydd Citation". ProntoCMS. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
  11. ^ Nuon Renewables. "Llanbadarn Fynydd Citation". ProntoCMS. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
  12. ^ Nuon Renewables. "Nuon Renewables Project". ProntoCMS. Retrieved 18 August 2010.

External links

Boxberg Power Station

Boxberg Power Station (in German commonly referred as Kraftwerk Boxberg) is a lignite-fired power station with three units at Boxberg, near Weißwasser, Saxony, Eastern Germany. Since the late 1990s, its capacity amounts to 1,900 MW and was acquired by Vattenfall Europe, a subdivision of Vattenfall, in 2001. The power station was sold by Vattenfall to the Czech energy group EPH and its financial partner PPF Investments on 30 September 2016.

Brokdorf Nuclear Power Plant

Brokdorf Nuclear Power Plant (German: Kernkraftwerk Brokdorf, or KBR) is close to the municipality of Brokdorf in Steinburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It started in October 1986 by a first-of-its-kind joint venture between PreussenElektra AG and Hamburgische Elektrizitäts-Werke AG. During the construction phase in the 1970s and 1980s there were violent protests against nuclear power at the location.Vattenfall Europe Nuclear Energy GmbH owns 20% and PreussenElektra GmbH owns 80% of the plant.

The plant is a pressurized water reactor with uranium dioxide fuel elements, which are used in degrees of enrichment of 1.9%, 2.5% and 3.5%. It also uses MOX fuel. There are 193 fuel assemblies In the reactor, with a total heavy-metal weight of 103 tons. The power station has a thermal output of 3765 MW, as well as an electrical output of 1440 MW. It belongs to the 3rd PWR generation in Germany. With a net generation of just under 12 billion a kWh, it was the worldwide leader in 2005.The decommissioning of the plant is planned for 2021.

Brunsbüttel Nuclear Power Plant

The Brunsbüttel Nuclear Power Plant is a nuclear power plant in Brunsbüttel near Hamburg, Germany. It is owned 67% by Vattenfall and 33% by E.ON. It started operation in 1976 and has a gross power production of 806 MW. During its lifetime, it produced 130,000 GW hours of electricity, about double the electricity production of Austria. The value of this electricity is about 9.1 billion Euros.As part of the nuclear power phase-out, it was taken out of service in 2007.

Fyn Power Station

The Fyn Power Station (Danish: Fynsværket) is a coal, straw and municipal waste-fired power station operated by Vattenfall in Odense, Denmark. It has eight units, three of which were operating as of 2010: unit 3, unit 7, and unit 8. Unit 3 has a power of 235 MW (coal), unit 7 of 362 MW (coal), unit 8 of 35 MW biomass), and Odense CHP plant 24 MW. Unit 7 has a 235 metres (771 ft) tall chimney, which is the second-tallest in Denmark, unit 3 a 141 metres (463 ft) tall chimney.

Gesellschaft für Nuklear-Service

The Gesellschaft für Nuklear-Service mbH (GNS) carries out services in the field of radioactive waste disposal and decommissioning of nuclear facilities and operates through several subsidiaries interim storage depots for spent fuel and radioactive waste as in Gorleben and Ahaus. It was created in 1977 after the Gesellschaft für Nuklear-transporte mbH (GNT) was founded in 1974.

The GNS has multiple national locations and is internationally represented as well, its headquarters are at the Frohnhauser Straße in Essen. The company has approximately 700 (Stand 2014) employees and reported in 2007 a turnover of around 200 million euros.

The shareholders of the Gesellschaft für Nuklear Service are PreussenElektra (48%), RWE (28%), EnBW (18.5%) and Vattenfall (5.5%). The company is for 75% owner of the Deutsche Gesellschaft zum Bau und Betrieb von Endlagern für Abfallstoffe (DBE).The company manufactures two dry cask storage systems, CASTOR and CONSTOR.

Harsprånget hydroelectric power station

Harsprånget is a hydroelectric power station located on the Lule River in northern Sweden, just downstream of Porjus.

With a power of 977 MW, it's the largest hydroelectric power station in Sweden, and also the fourth largest in the Nordic countries. The name means "Hare run" in Swedish. This was also the name of the mighty rapids there, and the name was related to the sharp turns in the rapids, a little similar to the ones a hare does when fleeing. Normal year production is around 2131 GWh. Total fall height is around 107 m.

Hojum Hydroelectric Power Station

Hojum Power Station (alt. Håjum Power Station) is the second hydroelectric power station in Trollhättan, the first one being the older Olidan Power Station. While the first two turbines were taken into service in 1938, a third one was built and started in 1992. The first two are rated at 50 MW, while the third is rated at 70 MW.

The station is mainly located underground in a large mountain hall. This design was chosen because of the political instability in Europe at the time, which later led to the second world war. The relatively small building above ground was drawn by the Swedish architect Erik Hahr.

Kentish Flats Offshore Wind Farm

The Kentish Flats Offshore Wind Farm is a wind farm located off the coast of Kent, England on a large, flat and shallow plateau just outside the main Thames shipping lanes. The wind farm is operated by Vattenfall.

Lillgrund Wind Farm

Lillgrund Wind Farm is located about 10 km off the coast of southern Sweden, just south of the Öresund Bridge, where average wind speeds are 8 to 10 metres per second (26 to 33 ft/s). With 48 wind turbines (Siemens SWT-2.3-93) and a capacity of 110 megawatts (MW), Lillgrund is Sweden's largest offshore wind farm, which will meet the domestic electricity demand of more than 60,000 homes (5000 kWh per home). The farm's turbines have a rotor diameter of 93 metres and a total height of 115 metres.

A 2016 study found no significant effect on marine life.

Lippendorf Power Station

Lippendorf Power Station is a lignite-fired power station in Lippendorf, which is located in the municipality of Neukieritzsch, near Leipzig in Saxony, Germany. The power plant is owned and operated by Vattenfall Europe.

Nuon Energy

N.V. Nuon Energy is a utility company that provides electricity, gas, and heat in the Netherlands, Belgium, and the United Kingdom. It belongs to the group of Vattenfall.

Olidan Hydroelectric Power Station

Olidan Power Station (Swedish: Olidans kraftverk) is a hydroelectric power station located in Trollhättan, Sweden. First opened in 1910, it was the first large scale attempt at generating electricity from water in Sweden. The construction of Olidan led to the founding of the Kungliga Vattenfallsstyrelsen (Royal Waterfall Board), which later became Vattenfall.

While the first four turbines were put into service in 1910, construction continued, and another four were put into operation by 1914. Due to increasing demand, as well as increasing capacity due to the regulation of Göta älv, another five were then built. By 1921, Olidan carried a total of 13 turbines. 10 of these are still functioning, while the other three were cannibalized for parts. However, it is currently rare for more than three to be generating at the one time. Each turbine has a capacity of 10 MW.

When Olidan were completed in 1924, planning began for Hojum Power Station, which came into service in 1938.

Ormonde Wind Farm

The Ormonde Wind Farm is a wind farm west of Barrow-in-Furness in the Irish Sea. The wind farm covers an area of 8.7 square kilometres (3.4 sq mi). It has a total capacity of 150 MW and is expected to produce around 500 GWh of electricity per year.

Pen y Cymoedd

Pen y Cymoedd ("Head of the Valleys") is a wind farm located between Neath and Aberdare in south Wales. It opened in 2017.

Porjus Hydroelectric Power Station

Porjus power station (Swedish: Porjus kraftverk) is one of the oldest and largest power plants in Sweden, situated near Porjus. It was built 1910-1915 and has a power of 480 MW. Besides three-phase AC, the plant originally also generated single phase 15 Hz AC for railway traction and hence, two single-phase 80 kV power lines ran along the Iron Ore Line Malmbanan where it was transformed down to 16 kV in substations. However this system was later abandoned in favor of rotary converter stations. The original machines for single phase AC were subsequently scrapped.

The construction of the Porjus power station out in the wilderness is considered a pioneering achievement. The material for the founding work had to be carried in backpacks over a 44 km (3000 feet) trail in uninhabited land before any infrastructure was built. In the early 1970s, a new power station was built but the old monumental brick building has been kept as a cultural heritage site with most of the machinery intact, with Vattenfall doing daily tours for visitors during the summertime. The station is actually the third largest. In 2016, its 10 MW generator was upgraded with a fast active magnetic bearing for testing.Just downstream of the station is Harsprånget Hydroelectric power station. With 977 MW, it is the largest hydroelectric power station in Sweden.

Suorva

Suorva (Swedish pronunciation: [sʉˈɔrːva]) or Suorvadammen ("the Suorva Dam") is a small settlement situated at the southern parts of Akkajaure, in Stora Sjöfallet National Park, Sweden. The settlement can be reached by car (and bus, from Gällivare). It consists of a few houses and a dam operated by Vattenfall, which regulates the flow to the hydroelectric plant in Vietas located about 5 kilometers downstream. The road over the dam is normally open for hikers (not cars) and makes for a possible route into the northern parts of Sarek National Park which does not require using a boat.

Vattenfall Europe Nuclear Energy GmbH

Vattenfall Europe Nuclear Energy GmbH is a subsidiary of the Swedish power company Vattenfall that has ownership in three nuclear power plants in Germany. It is located in Überseering 12, 22297 Hamburg.[1]

Brunsbüttel Nuclear Power Plant (66,7% Vattenfall Europe Nuclear Energy GmbH, 33,3% E.ON), taken out of service in 2007.

Krümmel Nuclear Power Plant (50% Vattenfall Europe Nuclear Energy GmbH, 50% E.ON), reactor not in service since 4 July 2009.

Brokdorf Nuclear Power Plant (20% Vattenfall Europe Nuclear Energy GmbH, 80% E.ON)

Älvkarleby Hydroelectric Power Station

Älvkarleby Hydroelectric Power Plant (Swedish: Älvkarleby kraftverk) is a hydroelectric power plant with 5 Francis turbines at Älvkarleby, Sweden. It was built in 1911. From 1988-1991 a new power plant with a single Francis turbine was added, increasing its generation power from 70 MW to 126 MW.

Ågesta Nuclear Plant

The nuclear power station Ågesta (ASEA) was the first Swedish commercial nuclear power plant. Construction started in 1957 and ended in 1962, operations began in 1964 and continued until 1974. The station primarily provided district heating (68 MW) for the Stockholm suburb Farsta, as well as a small amount of electricity, 12 MW. It is widely assumed that the underground reactors had military purposes, being able to produce plutonium.The companies Stockholms Elverk and Statens Vattenfallsverk were responsible for the building of the Ågesta plant. Before it was finished, another larger reactor, the R4 nuclear reactor was built at Marviken. The R4 reactor was intended for both electricity and plutonium production but it was cancelled in 1970.

The Ågesta reactor, with 10 MW, was much smaller than the later Swedish reactor types. The reactor was part of a project called "the Swedish line" (Svenska Linjen), an international initiative to use natural uranium (not enriched) for fuel in commercial power plants. The shutdown of the plant was mostly a result of low oil prices and poor economics.

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