Varennes-en-Argonne

Varennes-en-Argonne or simply Varennes(German: Wöringen) is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Varennes-en-Argonne
Tower Louis XVI and the river Aire
Tower Louis XVI and the river Aire
Location of Varennes-en-Argonne
Varennes-en-Argonne is located in France
Varennes-en-Argonne
Varennes-en-Argonne
Varennes-en-Argonne is located in Grand Est
Varennes-en-Argonne
Varennes-en-Argonne
Coordinates: 49°13′37″N 5°02′06″E / 49.2269°N 5.035°ECoordinates: 49°13′37″N 5°02′06″E / 49.2269°N 5.035°E
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentMeuse
ArrondissementVerdun
CantonClermont-en-Argonne
IntercommunalityMontfaucon - Varennes en Argonne
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Marie Lambert
Area
1
11.81 km2 (4.56 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
669
 • Density57/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
55527 /55270
Elevation144–264 m (472–866 ft)
(avg. 195 m or 640 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Geography

Varennes-en-Argonne lies on the river Aire to the northeast of Sainte-Menehould, near Verdun.

History

It was the scene of the Flight to Varennes. In June 1791 Louis XVI, with his immediate family, made a dash for the nearest friendly border, that of the Austrian Netherlands in modern Belgium (Queen Marie-Antoinette being a sister to the Austrian emperor, Leopold II). But in Varennes Louis and his family were arrested, by Citizen Drouet, the local postmaster, who had been alerted by a message received from nearby Sainte-Menehould. It is said that at Sainte-Menehould, where the escaping party had spent the previous night, a merchant alerted the town authorities of their presence after recognizing the King's face on an Assignat, as Louis tried to buy something from a shop. Once more the royal family returned to the Tuileries in humiliating captivity, and Louis and Marie-Antoinette were subsequently guillotined in 1793.

Located in the Zone rouge, Varennes was completely destroyed during the First World War but was reconstructed afterwards. The Pennsylvania Memorial, a monument for volunteers from 28th Division Pennsylvania in the First World War, was erected in Varennes during the Interwar period.

Arrest of Louis XVI and his Family, Varennes, 1791

Arrest of Louis XVI and his Family in Varennes, 1791.

Town of Varennes, France, view due west across the River Aire., 09-27-1918 - NARA - 530757

Ruins of Varennes in 1918.

Points of interest

See also

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
Aire (Aisne)

The Aire is a river of northern France, crossing the departments of Meuse and Ardennes.

It is a right tributary of the Aisne. Its source is near Saint-Aubin-sur-Aire in Meuse. It flows through the towns of Pierrefitte-sur-Aire, Clermont-en-Argonne, Varennes-en-Argonne and Grandpré, finally flowing into the Aisne in Termes.

Arboretum de Varennes-en-Argonne

The Arboretum de Varennes-en-Argonne (2.5 hectares) is a municipal arboretum located in Varennes-en-Argonne, Meuse, Lorraine, France. It is jointly managed by the town and the Office National des Forêts, contains 40 types of trees, and is open daily without charge.

Boureuilles

Boureuilles is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in northeastern France.

Charpentry

Charpentry is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Cheppy

Cheppy is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in northeastern France.

It was a site of fighting during World War I. An American monument sculpted by Nancy Coonsman was erected there by the State of Missouri after the war to honor the volunteers of the state.

Cierges-sous-Montfaucon

Cierges-sous-Montfaucon is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Consenvoye

Consenvoye is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Cuisy, Meuse

Cuisy is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Forges-sur-Meuse

Forges-sur-Meuse is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Gesnes-en-Argonne

Gesnes-en-Argonne is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Malancourt

Malancourt is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Montfaucon-d'Argonne

Montfaucon-d'Argonne is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France. It is home to the Meuse-Argonne American Memorial.

Pennsylvania Memorial

The Pennsylvania Memorial is a war memorial in Varennes-en-Argonne, France dedicated to volunteers from Pennsylvania who participated in the First World War. The memorial is constructed in a Greek style and the viewing platform gives a view of the Aire valley. The memorial was designed by architects Thomas H. Atherton and Paul Philippe Cret. It was erected by the State of Pennsylvania, via the Pennsylvania Monuments Commission, in 1927.

Regnéville-sur-Meuse

Regnéville-sur-Meuse is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Septsarges

Septsarges is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Thomas H. Atherton

Thomas H. Atherton was an American architect who worked in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania from c.1915 to c.1950.A number of his works are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.Works include:

Carlisle Armory, 504 Cavalry Rd. Carlisle, PA (Atherton,Thomas H.), NRHP-listed

East Stroudsburg Armory, 271 Washington St. East Stroudsburg, PA (Atherton,Thomas H.), NRHP-listed

Kingston Armory, 280 Market St. Kingston, PA (Atherton,Thomas H.), NRHP-listed

Mansfield Armory, Smythe Park Mansfield, PA (Atherton,Thomas H.), NRHP-listed

Milton Armory, 133 Ridge Ave. Milton, PA (Atherton,Thomas H.), NRHP-listed

Wellsboro Armory, 2 Central Ave. Wellsboro, PA (Atherton,Thomas H.), NRHP-listed

Pennsylvania Memorial, Varennes-en-Argonne, France

Possibly additional works in Wellsboro Historic District, roughly bounded by Nichols,Tioga,Charleston,Jackson,East, Bacon,Morris, Sturrock, Meade, Grant,Walnut, Academy, etc. Wellsboro, PA (Atherton, Thomas H.), NRHP-listed

Véry

Véry is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Épinonville

Épinonville is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Communes of the Meuse department

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