Vanessa Redgrave

Vanessa Redgrave CBE (born 30 January 1937) is an English actress of stage, screen and television, and a political activist. She is a 2003 American Theatre Hall of Fame inductee,[1] and received the 2010 BAFTA Fellowship.[2]

Redgrave rose to prominence in 1961 playing Rosalind in As You Like It with the Royal Shakespeare Company and has since starred in more than 35 productions in London's West End and on Broadway, winning the 1984 Olivier Award for Best Actress in a Revival for The Aspern Papers, and the 2003 Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for the revival of Long Day's Journey into Night. She also received Tony nominations for The Year of Magical Thinking and Driving Miss Daisy.

On screen, she has starred in scores of films and is a six-time Oscar nominee, winning the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for the title role in the film Julia (1977). Her other nominations were for Morgan: A Suitable Case for Treatment (1966), Isadora (1968), Mary, Queen of Scots (1971), The Bostonians (1984) and Howards End (1992). Among her other films are A Man for All Seasons (1966), Blowup (1966), Camelot (1967), The Devils (1971), Murder on the Orient Express (1974), Prick Up Your Ears (1987), Mission: Impossible (1996), Atonement (2007), Coriolanus (2011) and The Butler (2013). Redgrave was proclaimed by Arthur Miller and Tennessee Williams as "the greatest living actress of our times", and has won the Oscar, Emmy, Tony, BAFTA, Olivier, Cannes, Golden Globe, and the Screen Actors Guild awards.

A member of the Redgrave family of actors, she is the daughter of Sir Michael Redgrave and Lady Redgrave (the actress Rachel Kempson), the sister of Lynn Redgrave and Corin Redgrave, the mother of actresses Joely Richardson and Natasha Richardson, the aunt of British actress Jemma Redgrave, and the mother-in-law of actor Liam Neeson.

Vanessa Redgrave

Vanessa Redgrave Cannes 2016
Redgrave in 2016
Born30 January 1937 (age 82)
Blackheath, London, England
OccupationActress
Years active1958–present
Spouse(s)
Partner(s)Timothy Dalton (1971–1986)
Children
Parent(s)
Relatives
FamilyRedgrave

Early life

Redgrave was born on 30 January 1937 in Blackheath, London,[3] the daughter of actors Sir Michael Redgrave and Rachel Kempson.[4] Laurence Olivier announced her birth to the audience at a performance of Hamlet at the Old Vic, when he said that Laertes (played by Sir Michael) had a daughter.

In her autobiography, Redgrave recalls the East End and Coventry Blitzes among her earliest memories.[5] Following the East End Blitz, Redgrave relocated with her family to Herefordshire before returning to London in 1943.[6] She was educated at the Alice Ottley School, Worcester, and Queen's Gate School, London, before "coming out" as a debutante. Her siblings, Lynn Redgrave and Corin Redgrave, were also acclaimed actors.

Career

Early stage and film career

Vanessa Redgrave entered the Central School of Speech and Drama in 1954. She first appeared in the West End, playing opposite her brother, in 1958.

In 1959, she appeared at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre under the direction of Peter Hall as Helena in A Midsummer Night's Dream opposite Charles Laughton as Bottom and Coriolanus opposite Laurence Olivier (in the title role), Albert Finney and Edith Evans.[7]

In 1960, Redgrave had her first starring role in Robert Bolt's The Tiger and the Horse, in which she co-starred with her father. In 1961, she played Rosalind in As You Like It for the Royal Shakespeare Company. In 1962, she played Imogen in William Gaskill's production of Cymbeline for the RSC. In 1966, Redgrave created the role of Jean Brodie in the Donald Albery production of The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie, adapted for the stage by Jay Presson Allen from the novel by Muriel Spark.

Redgrave had her first credited film role, in which she co-starred with her father, in Brian Desmond Hurst's Behind the Mask (1958). Redgrave's first starring film role was in Morgan – A Suitable Case for Treatment (1966), co-starring David Warner and directed by Karel Reisz, for which she received an Oscar nomination, a Cannes award, a Golden Globe nomination and a BAFTA Film Award nomination. Following this, she portrayed a cool London swinger in Blowup (1966). Co-starring David Hemmings, it was the first English-language film of the Italian director Michelangelo Antonioni. Reunited with Karel Reisz for the biographical film of dancer Isadora Duncan in Isadora (1968), her portrayal of Duncan led her gaining a National Society of Film Critics' Award for Best Actress, a second Prize for the Best Female Performance at the Cannes Film Festival, along with a Golden Globe and an Oscar nomination. In the same period came other portrayals of historical (or semi-mythical) figures – ranging from Andromache in The Trojan Women (1971) to the lead in Mary, Queen of Scots (1971), the latter earning her a third Oscar nomination. She also played the role of Guinevere in the film Camelot (1967) with Richard Harris and Franco Nero, and briefly as Sylvia Pankhurst in Oh! What a Lovely War (1969). She portrayed the character of Mother Superior Jeanne des Anges (Joan of the Angels) in The Devils (1971), the once controversial film directed by Ken Russell.

The 1970s and political controversy

Redgrave funded and narrated a documentary film, The Palestinian (1977), about the situation of the Palestinians and the activities of the Palestinian Liberation Organisation. In the film Julia (also 1977), she starred in the title role as a woman murdered by the Nazi German regime in the years prior to World War II for her anti-Fascist activism. Her co-star in the film was Jane Fonda (playing writer Lillian Hellman), who, in her 2005 autobiography, noted that:

there is a quality about Vanessa that makes me feel as if she resides in a netherworld of mystery that eludes the rest of us mortals. Her voice seems to come from some deep place that knows all suffering and all secrets. Watching her work is like seeing through layers of glass, each layer painted in mythic watercolor images, layer after layer, until it becomes dark, but even then you know you haven't come to the bottom of it ... The only other time I had experienced this with an actor was with Marlon Brando ... Like Vanessa, he always seemed to be in another reality, working off some secret, magnetic, inner rhythm.[8]

When Redgrave was nominated for an Oscar in 1977 for her role in Julia, members of the Jewish Defense League (JDL), led by Rabbi Meir Kahane, burned effigies of Redgrave and picketed the Academy Awards ceremony to protest against her involvement in The Palestinian.[9][10]

Redgrave's performance in Julia received an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. Accepting the award, Redgrave thanked Hollywood for having "refused to be intimidated by the threats of a small bunch of Zionist hoodlums – whose behavior is an insult to the stature of Jews all over the world and to their great and heroic record of struggle against fascism and oppression."[11]

Her remarks brought an outraged on-stage response from screenwriter and Academy Award presenter Paddy Chayefsky, and sparked controversy. One Redgrave biography noted that "The scandal of her awards speech and the negative press it occasioned had a destructive effect on her acting opportunities that would last for years to come."[12]

Later career

Film and television

Vanessa by Mayar Akash 1994
Redgrave in 1994.

Later film roles include those of suffragist Olive Chancellor in The Bostonians (1984, a fourth Best Actress Academy Award nomination), transsexual tennis player Renée Richards in Second Serve (1986), Blanche Hudson in the television remake of What Ever Happened to Baby Jane (1991), Mrs. Wilcox in Howards End (1992, her sixth Academy Award nomination, this time in a supporting role); crime boss Max in Mission: Impossible (1996, when discussing the role of Max, Brian DePalma and Tom Cruise thought it would be fun to cast an actor like Redgrave; they then decided to go with the real thing); Oscar Wilde’s mother in Wilde (1997); Clarissa Dalloway in Mrs. Dalloway (1997); and Dr. Sonia Wick in Girl, Interrupted (1999). Many of these roles and others garnered her widespread accolades.

Her performance as a lesbian mourning the loss of her longtime partner in the HBO series If These Walls Could Talk 2 (2000) earned her a Golden Globe for Best TV Series Supporting Actress, as well as earning an Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a TV Film or Miniseries. This same performance also led to an Excellence in Media Award from the Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD). In 2004, Redgrave joined the second-season cast of the FX series Nip/Tuck, portraying Dr. Erica Noughton, the mother of Julia McNamara, who is played by her real-life daughter Joely Richardson. She also made appearances in the third and sixth seasons. In 2006, Redgrave starred opposite Peter O'Toole in the film Venus. A year later, Redgrave starred in Evening and Atonement, in which she received a Broadcast Film Critics Association award nomination for a performance that took up only seven minutes of screen time.

In 2008, Redgrave appeared as a narrator in an Arts Alliance production, id – Identity of the Soul. In 2009, Redgrave starred in the BBC remake of The Day of the Triffids, with her daughter Joely. In the midst of losing her daughter, Natasha Richardson, Redgrave signed on to play Eleanor of Aquitaine in Ridley Scott's version of Robin Hood (2010), which began filming shortly after Natasha's death. Redgrave later withdrew from the film for personal reasons. The part was given to her Evening co-star Eileen Atkins.[13] She was next seen in Letters to Juliet opposite her husband Franco Nero.

She had small roles in Eva (2009), a Romanian drama film that premiered at the 2010 Cannes Film Festival, as well as in Julian Schnabel's Palestinian drama Miral (2010), which was screened at the 67th Venice International Film Festival. She voiced the character of Winnie the Giant Tortoise in the environmental animated film Animals United (also 2010), and played a supporting role in the Bosnia-set political drama, The Whistleblower (2010), which premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival. Redgrave also narrated Patrick Keiller's semi-fictional documentary, Robinson in Ruins (2010). Since 2012, Redgrave has narrated the BBC series Call The Midwife.[14]

She also played leading roles in two historical films: Shakespeare's Coriolanus (which marked actor Ralph Fiennes' directorial debut), in which she plays Volumnia; and Roland Emmerich's Anonymous (both 2011), as Queen Elizabeth I.

Subsequently, she starred with Terence Stamp and Gemma Arterton in the British comedy-drama Song for Marion (US: Unfinished Song, 2012) and with Forest Whitaker in The Butler (2013), directed by Lee Daniels. She also appeared with Steve Carell and Channing Tatum in the drama Foxcatcher (2014).

In 2017, at the age of 80, Redgrave made her directorial debut with the feature documentary Sea Sorrow, which covers the plight of child migrants in the Calais refugee camps and the broader European migrant crisis. It premiered at the 2017 Cannes Film Festival.[15] Critics praised the documentary's message but criticized the structure for a "scattershot lack of focus" and the "ungainliness of its production values."[16][17]

Theatre Redgrave won four Evening Standard Awards for Best Actress in four decades. She was awarded the Laurence Olivier Award for Actress of the Year in a Revival in 1984 for The Aspern Papers.

In 2000, her theatre work included Prospero in The Tempest at Shakespeare's Globe in London. In 2003 she won a Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for her performance in the Broadway revival of Eugene O'Neill's Long Day's Journey Into Night. In January 2006, Redgrave was presented the Ibsen Centennial Award for her "outstanding work in interpreting many of Henrik Ibsen's works over the last decades".[18] Previous recipients of the award include Liv Ullmann, Glenda Jackson and Claire Bloom.

In 2007, Redgrave played Joan Didion in her Broadway stage adaptation of her 2005 book, The Year of Magical Thinking, which played 144 regular performances in a 24-week limited engagement at the Booth Theatre. For this, she won the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding One-Person Show and was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play. She reprised the role at the Lyttelton Theatre at the Royal National Theatre in London to mixed reviews. She also spent a week performing the work at the Theatre Royal in Bath in September 2008. She once again performed the role of Joan Didion for a special benefit at New York's Cathedral of Saint John the Divine on 26 October 2009. The performance was originally slated to debut on 27 April, but was pushed due to the death of Redgrave's daughter Natasha. The proceeds for the benefit were donated to the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA). Both charities work to provide help for the children of Gaza.

In October 2010, she starred in the Broadway premiere of Driving Miss Daisy starring in the title role opposite James Earl Jones. The show premiered on 25 October 2010 at the John Golden Theatre in New York City to rave reviews.[19] The production was originally scheduled to run to 29 January 2011 but due to a successful response and high box office sales, was extended to 9 April 2011.[20] In May 2011, she was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play for the role of Daisy in Driving Miss Daisy.[21] The play transferred to the Wyndham's Theatre in London from 26 September to 17 December 2011.[22]

In 2013, Redgrave starred alongside Jesse Eisenberg in Eisenberg's The Revisionist. The New York production ran from 15 February to 27 April. Redgrave played a Polish holocaust survivor in the play.[23][24] In September 2013, Redgrave once again starred opposite James Earl Jones in a production of Much Ado About Nothing at The Old Vic, London, directed by Mark Rylance.[25]

In 2016 Redgrave played Queen Margaret in Richard III with Ralph Fiennes in the title role, at the Almeida Theatre, London.[26]

In a poll of "industry experts" and readers conducted by The Stage in 2010, Redgrave was ranked as the ninth greatest stage actor/actress of all time.[27]

Personal life

Redgrave was married to film and theatre director Tony Richardson from 1962 to 1967; the couple had two daughters, actresses Natasha Richardson (1963–2009) and Joely Richardson (b. 1965). In 1967, the year Redgrave divorced Richardson, who left her for the French actress Jeanne Moreau, she became romantically involved with Italian actor Franco Nero when they met on the set of Camelot. In 1969 they had a son, Carlo Gabriel Redgrave Sparanero (known professionally as Carlo Gabriel Nero), a screenwriter and director. From 1971 to 1986, she had a long-term relationship with actor Timothy Dalton, with whom she had appeared in the film Mary, Queen of Scots (1971).[28] Redgrave later reunited with Franco Nero, and they married on 31 December 2006. Carlo Nero directed Redgrave in The Fever (2004), a film adaptation of the Wallace Shawn play.[29]

Within 14 months in 2009 and 2010, Redgrave lost both a daughter and her two younger siblings. Her daughter Natasha Richardson died on 18 March 2009 from a traumatic brain injury caused by a skiing accident.[30] On 6 April 2010, her brother, Corin Redgrave, died, and on 2 May 2010, her sister, Lynn Redgrave, died.

Redgrave had a near-fatal heart attack in April 2015.[31] In September 2015 she revealed that her lungs are only working at 30 per cent capacity due to emphysema caused by years of smoking.[32]

Redgrave was made a Commander (CBE) of the Order of the British Empire in 1967. Reportedly, she declined a damehood in 1999.[33][34]

Redgrave describes herself as a person of faith and attends a Catholic church.[35]

Political activism

In 1961, Vanessa Redgrave was an active member of the Committee of 100 and its working group. Redgrave and her brother Corin joined the Workers Revolutionary Party in the 1970s.[36] She ran for parliament several times as a party member but never received more than a few hundred votes.[37]

Redgrave made her American TV debut as concentration camp survivor Fania Fénelon in the Arthur Miller-scripted TV movie Playing for Time (1980), a part for which she won an Emmy as Outstanding Lead Actress in 1981. The decision to cast Redgrave as Fénelon was, however, a source of controversy. In light of Redgrave's support for the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO),[38] Fénelon objected to her casting. Redgrave defended her stance in her 1991 autobiography, saying that "the struggle against antisemitism and for the self-determination of the Palestinians form a single whole."[39]

In 1984, Redgrave sued the Boston Symphony Orchestra, claiming that the orchestra had fired her from a performance because of her support of the PLO.[40] Lillian Hellman testified in court on Redgrave's behalf.[41] Redgrave won on a count of breach of contract, but did not win on the claim that the Boston orchestra had violated her civil rights by firing her.[41]

In 1995, Redgrave was elected to serve as a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador.

In December 2002, Redgrave paid £50,000 bail for Chechen separatist Deputy Premier and special envoy Akhmed Zakayev, who had sought political asylum in the United Kingdom and was accused by the Russian government of aiding and abetting hostage-takings in the Moscow Hostage Crisis of 2002 and guerrilla warfare against Russia.

At a press conference, Redgrave said she feared for Zakayev's safety if he were extradited to Russia on terrorism charges. He would "die of a heart attack" or some other mysterious explanation offered by Russia, she said.[42] On 13 November 2003, a London court rejected the Russian government's request for Zakayev's extradition. Instead, the court accepted a plea by lawyers for Zakayev that he would not get a fair trial, and could even face torture, in Russia. "It would be unjust and oppressive to return Mr Zakayev to Russia," Judge Timothy Workman ruled.[43]

In 2004, Vanessa Redgrave and her brother Corin Redgrave launched the Peace and Progress Party, which campaigned against the Iraq War and for human rights. However, in June 2005 Redgrave left the party.

Redgrave has been an outspoken critic of the "war on terrorism".[44][45] During a June 2005 interview on Larry King Live, Redgrave was challenged on this criticism and on her political views. In response she questioned whether there can be true democracy if the political leadership of the United States and Britain does not "uphold the values for which my father's generation fought the Nazis, [and] millions of people gave their lives against the Soviet Union's regime. [Such sacrifice was made] because of democracy and what democracy meant: no torture, no camps, no detention forever or without trial.... [Such] techniques are not just alleged [against the governments of the U.S. and Britain], they have actually been written about by the FBI. I don't think it's being 'far left'...to uphold the rule of law."[46]

In March 2006, Redgrave remarked in an interview with US broadcast journalist Amy Goodman: "I don't know of a single government that actually abides by international human rights law, not one, including my own. In fact, [they] violate these laws in the most despicable and obscene way, I would say." Goodman's interview with Redgrave took place in the actress's West London home on the evening of 7 March, and covered a range of subjects, particularly the cancellation by the New York Theatre Workshop of the Alan Rickman production My Name is Rachel Corrie. Such a development, said Redgrave, was an "act of catastrophic cowardice" as "the essence of life and the essence of theatre is to communicate about lives, either lives that have ended or lives that are still alive, [and about] beliefs, and what is in those beliefs."[47]

In June 2006, she was awarded a lifetime achievement award from the Transilvania International Film Festival, one of whose sponsors is a mining company named Gabriel Resources. She dedicated the award to a community organisation from Roşia Montană, Romania, which is campaigning against a gold mine that Gabriel Resources is seeking to build near the village. Gabriel Resources placed an "open letter" in The Guardian on 23 June 2006, attacking Redgrave, arguing the case for the mine, and exhibiting support for it among the inhabitants: the open letter is signed by 77 villagers.[48]

In December 2007, Redgrave was named as one of the possible suretors who paid the £50,000 bail for Jamil al-Banna, one of three British residents arrested after landing back in the UK following four years' captivity at Guantanamo Bay. Redgrave has declined to be specific about her financial involvement but said she was "very happy" to be of "some small assistance for Jamil and his wife", adding, "It is a profound honour and I am glad to be alive to be able to do this. Guantanamo Bay is a concentration camp."[49]

In March 2014, Redgrave took part in a protest outside Pentonville Prison in North London after new prison regulations were introduced which forbade sending books to prisoners.[50] She and fellow actor Samuel West, playwright David Hare and Poet Laureate Carol Ann Duffy took turns reading poetry and making speeches. Redgrave stated that the ban was "vicious and deplorable...Literature is something that stirs us beyond our immediate problems, it can help us to learn better our own problems, our own faults or to have a goal to live for, an aspiration."[51] The ban was overturned by the Ministry of Justice the following December.[52]

In 2017 Redgrave made her directorial debut with the movie Sea Sorrow, a documentary about the European migrant crisis and the plight of migrants encamped outside Calais, France trying to reach Britain.[53] She has heavily criticized the exclusionary policy of the British government towards refugees, stating that the British Government "...has violated these principles (of the Declaration of Human Rights) and it continues to do so, which I find deeply shameful. The UN signed the Declaration of Human Rights and now we have to employ lawyers to take the government to court to force them to obey the law. Just thinking about that makes my mind go berserk.”[54]

References

  1. ^ "Theater honours put women in the spotlight". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
  2. ^ "Vanessa Redgrave to receive Academy Fellowship". BAFTA. 21 February 2010. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
  3. ^ Redgrave 1991, p. 5.
  4. ^ General Register Office. "England and Wales Birth Registration Index, 1837-2008". FamilySearch. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved 24 September 2015. Vanessa Redgrave, 1937, Greenwich, London, England; Mother's maiden name Kempson
  5. ^ Redgrave 1991, pp. 6–7.
  6. ^ Redgrave 1991, pp. 7, 12.
  7. ^ Micheline Steinberg (1985). Flashback, A Pictorial History 1879–1979: 100 Years of Stratford-upon-Avon and the Royal Shakespeare Company. RSC Publications. p. 73.
  8. ^ Fonda, Jane (2005). My Life So Far. New York: Random House. p. 364.
  9. ^ "Welcome to Emanuel Levy » Oscar Politics: Vanessa Redgrave". Emanuellevy.com. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
  10. ^ Higginbotham, Adam (17 April 2012). "Vanessa Redgrave: 'Why do I work? I'm mortgaged up to the hilt'". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
  11. ^ Sharon Waxman (21 March 1999). "The Oscar Acceptance Speech: By and Large, It's a Lost Art". The Washington Post. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  12. ^ Callahan, Dan (2014). Vanessa: The Life of Vanessa Redgrave. Pegasus Books. p. 121. ISBN 9781605985930. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  13. ^ WENN. "Redgrave Withdraws From Robin Hood". Contactmusic.com.
  14. ^ "Call the Midwife Cast List - TV Guide UK TV Listings". tvguide.co.uk.
  15. ^ Xan Brooks (2017-05-21). "Vanessa Redgrave: 'Democracy is at stake. That's why I'm voting Labour'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  16. ^ Peter Bradshaw (2017-05-17). "Sea Sorrow review - Vanessa Redgrave's ungainly, heartfelt essay on the refugee crisis". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  17. ^ "'Sea Sorrow': Film Review Cannes 2017". The Hollywood Reporter. 19 May 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  18. ^ "Vanessa Redgrave honoured at UK Ibsen Year opening", Norway – the official site in the UK. accessed 17 December 2006
  19. ^ Rave reviews for Vanessa Redgrave, ‘sassy’ at 73 after year of family heartbreak Archived 29 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine London Evening Standard. 26 October 2010
  20. ^ Driving Miss Daisy Extends Through April 2011 with All Three Stars Archived 17 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine Playbill. 15 December 2010
  21. ^ "2011 Tony Nominations Announced! THE BOOK OF MORMON Leads With 14!". broadway world.com. 3 May 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  22. ^ "Redgrave & Jones Drive Miss Daisy to West End - Driving Miss Daisy at Wyndham's Theatre". Whatsonstage.com. Archived from the original on 28 December 2011. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  23. ^ The Revisionist, Starring Jesse Eisenberg and Vanessa Redgrave, Premieres Off-Broadway Feb. 15 Archived 7 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine Playbill. 15 February 2013
  24. ^ "The Revisionist, Starring Jesse Eisenberg and Vanessa Redgrave, Extends Off-Broadway Run". Playbill. Archived from the original on 5 May 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  25. ^ Trueman, Matt (4 December 2012). "Vanessa Redgrave and James Earl Jones to reunite for Old Vic's Much Ado". The Guardian.
  26. ^ Billington, Michael (16 June 2016). "Richard III - Ralph Fiennes gets to grips with Shakespeare's ruthless ruler". The Guardian.
  27. ^ Alistair Smith (15 December 2010). "Judi Dench tops Greatest Stage Actor poll". The Stage. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
  28. ^ "Excerpts from Vanessa Redgrave's Autobiography:". Oocities.org. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
  29. ^ Amy Goodman (13 June 2007). "Vanessa Redgrave Combines Lifelong Devotion to Acting and Political Involvement in New HBO Film The Fever" (.MP3). Democracy Now!. Retrieved 14 May 2007.
  30. ^ "Natasha Richardson dies aged 45". BBC News. 19 March 2009. Retrieved 27 May 2010.
  31. ^ Sarah Buchanan, "Vanessa Redgrave survives severe heart attack thanks to answer phone message", Daily Express, 26 September 2015.
  32. ^ Alison Roberts, "Vanessa Redgrave: 'Before I didn’t care at all - now I find myself thinking what a miracle everything is'", London Evening Standard, 24 September 2015.
  33. ^ "Some who turned the offer down". The Guardian. London. 22 December 2003. Retrieved 27 May 2010.
  34. ^ Leppard, David; Winnett, Robert (21 December 2003). "Revealed secret list of 300 who scorned honours". The Times. London. (subscription required)
  35. ^ Hattenstone, Simon (13 June 2016). "Vanessa Redgrave on why she was ready to die: 'Trying to live was getting too tiring'". The Guardian. London.
  36. ^ Rourke, Mary (7 April 2010). "Corin Redgrave dies at 70; actor and activist was part of the famed British family of performers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  37. ^ "Vanessa Redgrave". The New York Times. 19 March 2009. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  38. ^ Daniel Schorn (1 June 2007). "The New Direction of Vanessa Redgrave". CBS News. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  39. ^ Autobiography (1991) p. 306.
  40. ^ "Google Scholar". google.com.
  41. ^ a b Martinson, Deborah (2005). Lillian Hellman. Counterpoint Press. p. 357. ISBN 1-58243-315-1.
  42. ^ "UK actress defends Chechen rebel". BBC News. 6 December 2002. Retrieved 17 December 2006.
  43. ^ "Court rejects Chechen extradition". BBC News. 13 November 2003. Retrieved 17 December 2006.
  44. ^ Redgrave, Vanessa (30 September 2001), "We Need Justice. Bombs Will Only Create More Martyrs." Archived 21 March 2006 at the Wayback Machine CommonDreams.org. accessed 17 December 2006
  45. ^ "Oscar-Winning Actress, Activist Vanessa Redgrave Calls For Justice, Legal and Human Rights For Guantanamo Prisoners" Archived 12 March 2006 at the Wayback Machine audio, (9 March 2004), Democracy Now!. accessed 17 December 2006
  46. ^ CNN Larry King Live interview with Vanessa Redgrave transcript, (Aired 18 June 2005), CNN.com. accessed 17 December 2006
  47. ^ "Legendary Actor Vanessa Redgrave Calls Cancellation of Rachel Corrie Play an 'Act of Catastrophic Cowardice'" Archived 15 March 2006 at the Wayback Machine audio, (8 March 2004), Democracy Now!. accessed 17 December 2006
  48. ^ Vasagar, Jeevan (23 June 2006). "Redgrave centre stage in campaign to halt Romanian gold mine that has split village". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 December 2006.
  49. ^ Moore, Matthew (20 December 2007). "Vanessa Redgrave bails Guantanamo suspect". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
  50. ^ "Vanessa Redgrave joins protest against prison book ban". express.co.uk. 2014-03-30. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  51. ^ Helen William (2014-03-28). "Poetry reading held outside Pentonville in protest against prison books ban". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  52. ^ Mark Haddon (2014-12-08). "The ban on books for prisoners is over. But how did it happen in the first place?". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  53. ^ Xan Brooks (2017-05-21). "Vanessa Redgrave: 'Democracy is at stake. That's why I'm voting Labour'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  54. ^ Xan Brooks (2017-05-21). "Vanessa Redgrave: 'Democracy is at stake. That's why I'm voting Labour'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-05-10.

Sources

  • Redgrave, Vanessa (1991). Vanessa Redgrave: An Autobiography. New York: Random House. ISBN 978-0-679-40216-9.

External links

Crime and Punishment (2002 Russian film)

Crime and Punishment is a 2002 American-Russian-Polish drama film written and directed by Menahem Golan and starring Crispin Glover and Vanessa Redgrave. It is an adaptation of Fyodor Dostoyevsky's novel of the same name.

Dropout (1970 film)

Dropout is a 1970 Italian romantic drama directed by Tinto Brass. It stars real-life couple, Franco Nero and Vanessa Redgrave. They also worked with Brass a year later on the drama, La vacanza. Dropout was released in France on December 18, 1970, followed by a theatrical release in Italy on February 22, 1971.

Georgetown (film)

Georgetown is an upcoming crime film directed by Christoph Waltz in his feature directorial debut. Waltz will star alongside Vanessa Redgrave, Annette Bening and Corey Hawkins.

Isadora

Isadora (also known as The Loves of Isadora) is a 1968 biographical film which tells the story of celebrated American dancer Isadora Duncan. It stars Vanessa Redgrave, James Fox, and Jason Robards.

The film was adapted by Melvyn Bragg, Margaret Drabble, and Clive Exton from the books My Life by Isadora and Isadora, an Intimate Portrait by Sewell Stokes. It was directed by Karel Reisz.

It was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress (Vanessa Redgrave). The film was also nominated for the Palme d'Or (Golden Palm) at the 1969 Cannes Film Festival, where Redgrave won Best Actress.

Julia (1977 film)

Julia is a 1977 American holocaust drama film directed by Fred Zinnemann, from a screenplay by Alvin Sargent. It is based on a chapter from Lillian Hellman's book Pentimento about the author's relationship with a lifelong friend, "Julia," who fought against the Nazis in the years prior to World War II. Hellman said the story was true, but critics have challenged its accuracy. The film stars Jane Fonda, Vanessa Redgrave, Jason Robards, Hal Holbrook, Rosemary Murphy, Maximilian Schell and Meryl Streep (in her film debut).

Julia was released theatrically on October 2, 1977 by 20th Century Fox. Upon release the film received generally positive reviews and grossed $20.7 million against its $7 million budget. It received a leading 11 nominations at the 50th Academy Awards, including Best Picture and won 3 awards, Best Supporting Actor (for Robards), Best Supporting Actress (for Redgrave) and Best Adapted Screenplay.

The film also received a leading 10 nominations at the 32nd British Academy Film Awards and won the highest 4 including Best Film.

Letters to Juliet

Letters to Juliet is a 2010 American romantic comedy-drama film starring Amanda Seyfried, Christopher Egan, Gael García Bernal, Vanessa Redgrave and Franco Nero. This was the final film of director Gary Winick. The film was released theatrically in North America and other countries on May 14, 2010. The idea for the film was inspired by the 2006 non-fiction book Letters to Juliet, by Lise Friedman and Ceil Friedman, which chronicles the phenomenon of letter-writing to Shakespeare's most famous romantic heroine.

Morgan – A Suitable Case for Treatment

Morgan – A Suitable Case for Treatment (also called Morgan!) is a 1966 comedy film made by British Lion. It was directed by Karel Reisz and produced by Leon Clore from a screenplay by David Mercer, based on his BBC television play A Suitable Case for Treatment (1962), the leading role at that time being played by Ian Hendry.The film stars David Warner, Vanessa Redgrave, and Robert Stephens, with Irene Handl and Bernard Bresslaw.

National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actress

The National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actress is an annual award given by the National Society of Film Critics to honour the best leading actress of the year.

Prick Up Your Ears

Prick Up Your Ears is a 1987 British film, directed by Stephen Frears, about the playwright Joe Orton and his lover Kenneth Halliwell. The screenplay was written by Alan Bennett, based on the biography by John Lahr. The film stars Gary Oldman as Orton, Alfred Molina as Halliwell, Wallace Shawn as Lahr, and Vanessa Redgrave as Peggy Ramsay.

Redgrave family

The Redgrave family is an English acting dynasty, spanning five generations. Members of the family worked in theatre beginning in the nineteenth century, and later in film and television. Some family members have also written plays and books. Vanessa Redgrave is the most prominent, having won Oscar, Tony, Golden Globe and Emmy Awards.

Sing Sing (film)

Sing Sing is a 1983 Italian comedy film directed by Sergio Corbucci. It stars

Adriano Celentano, Enrico Montesano and the British actress, Vanessa Redgrave. It was released in Italy on 15 October 1983.

The Ballad of the Sad Café (film)

The Ballad of the Sad Café is a 1991 Merchant Ivory film, produced by Ismail Merchant and directed by Simon Callow, starring Vanessa Redgrave and Keith Carradine. Michael Hirst adapted the Edward Albee play, which in turn was based on a novella in a collection of short stories of the same title by Carson McCullers. The film was entered into the 41st Berlin International Film Festival.

The Bostonians (film)

The Bostonians is a 1984 British romantic drama film based on Henry James's novel The Bostonians. It was adapted by Ruth Prawer Jhabvala. The film stars Vanessa Redgrave, Christopher Reeve, Madeleine Potter and Jessica Tandy. The movie received respectable reviews and showings at arthouse theaters in New York, London and other cities. Vanessa Redgrave received 1984 Golden Globe and Academy Award nominations for Best Actress, and the movie earned other award nominations for its costume design.

The Gathering Storm (2002 film)

The Gathering Storm is a BBC–HBO co-produced television biographical film about Winston Churchill in the years just prior to World War II. The title of the film is that of the first volume of Churchill's largely autobiographical six-volume history of the war, which covered the period from 1919 to 3 September 1939, the day he became First Lord of the Admiralty.

The film, directed by Richard Loncraine and written by Larry Ramin and Hugh Whitemore, stars Albert Finney as Churchill and Vanessa Redgrave as his wife Clementine Churchill ("Clemmie"). The film also features a supporting cast of British actors such as Derek Jacobi, Ronnie Barker, Jim Broadbent, Tom Wilkinson, Celia Imrie, Linus Roache and Hugh Bonneville, and is notable for an early appearance by a young Tom Hiddleston. Lena Headey, Simon Williams, and Edward Hardwicke all make brief appearances amongst the supporting cast. Among the film's executive producers were Ridley Scott and Tony Scott.

Finney gained many accolades for his performance, winning both a BAFTA Award for Best Actor and an Emmy for Outstanding Lead Actor. Ramin and Whitemore won the Emmy for Outstanding Writing. It won a Peabody Award in 2002 for being "a portrait of a 20th Century hero’s return from political obscurity to direct the destiny of a nation." In 2016, Mark Lawson of The Guardian ranked it as the most memorable television portrayal of Churchill. A sequel, Into the Storm, was released in 2009, with Churchill portrayed by Brendan Gleeson, which focuses on the prime minister's days in office during World War II.

The Sailor from Gibraltar

The Sailor from Gibraltar is a 1967 British drama film directed by Tony Richardson and starring Jeanne Moreau, Vanessa Redgrave, Ian Bannen, Orson Welles and Hugh Griffith. The screenplay concerns a mysterious woman who wanders the globe, searching for a sailor she knew many years earlier, unwittingly attracting others to her and her strange quest.

The Trojan Women (film)

The Trojan Women (Greek: Τρωάδες) is a 1971 American-British-Greek drama film directed by Michael Cacoyannis and starring Katharine Hepburn and Vanessa Redgrave. The film was made with the minimum of changes to Edith Hamilton's translation of Euripides' original play, save for the omission of deities, as Cacoyannis said they were "hard to film and make realistic".

Vanessa Redgrave filmography

The following is the filmography of actress Vanessa Redgrave. She has appeared in numerous films and television series and has received six Academy Award nominations, for Morgan: A Suitable Case for Treatment (1966), Isadora (1968), Mary, Queen of Scots (1971), Julia (1977), The Bostonians (1984) and Howards End (1992). She has been active in film for more than 50 years.

Yanks

Yanks is a 1979 drama film directed by John Schlesinger and starring Richard Gere, Vanessa Redgrave, William Devane, Lisa Eichhorn and Tony Melody. The film is set during the Second World War in Northern England and features no combat scenes.

The film depicts the relationships between American soldiers stationed in semi-rural England and the local population during the build-up to Operation Overlord in 1944. In particular, three romances between US service personnel and local women are shown, in order to explore the effects of the cultural differences between the brash GIs or "Yanks" and the more reserved British population.

Young Catherine

Young Catherine is a 1991 British TV miniseries based on the early life of Catherine II of Russia. It stars Julia Ormond as Catherine and Vanessa Redgrave as Empress Elizabeth.

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