The Vancouver Aquarium (officially the Ocean Wise Conservation Association) is a public aquarium located in Stanley Park in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. In addition to being a major tourist attraction for Vancouver, the aquarium is a centre for marine research, conservation and marine animal rehabilitation.
The Vancouver Aquarium was one of the first facilities to incorporate professional naturalists into the galleries to interpret animal behaviours. Prior to this, at the London Zoo Fish House, naturalists James S. Bowerbank, Ray Lankester, David W. Mitchell and Philip H. Gosse (the creator of the word aquarium) had regularly held "open house" events, but the Vancouver Aquarium was the first to employ educational naturalists on a full-time basis. Aquarium research projects extend worldwide, and include marine mammal rescue and rehabilitation.
On August 9, 2010 Prime Minister Stephen Harper and B.C. Premier Gordon Campbell announced capital funding of up to $15 million. The province would donate $10 million in funding over the next three years to help pay for a planned expansion of the 54-year-old facility, Premier Gordon Campbell said. Harper added that Ottawa would hand over up to $5 million to the aquarium for infrastructure upgrades. The aquarium, however, remains a nonprofit organization. The property is owned by the City of Vancouver and rented to the Aquarium for $40,000 a year since 1991 (prior to which it was $1 per year).
In October 2009 the Vancouver Aquarium was designated as a Coastal America Learning Center by the US Environmental Protection Agency. As the first Learning Center in Canada, this designation is intended to strengthen the Canadian/U.S. partnership for protecting and restoring shared ocean resources.
|Date opened||June 15, 1956|
|Location||845 Avison Way|
Vancouver, British Columbia
|Land area||2.1 acres (0.85 ha)|
|Floor space||100,000 square feet (9,300 m2)|
|No. of animals||58,000|
|Total volume of tanks||9,500,000 litres (2,100,000 imp gal; 2,500,000 US gal)|
|Memberships||AZA, CAZA, WAZA, AMMPA|
The Vancouver Public Aquarium Association was formed in 1950 by UBC fisheries and oceanography professors Murray Newman, Carl Lietze and Wilbert Clemens. After receiving the help of timber baron H.R. MacMillan, alderman and businessman George Cunningham and $100,000 from each of the three levels of government. (City of Vancouver, Province of British Columbia, Federal Government of Canada), it opened on June 15, 1956 with the ribbon being cut by federal Minister of Fisheries James Sinclair. Sinclair's daughter 7-year-old Margaret was also present at the ribbon cutting ceremony (she would later marry Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau and give birth to Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau).
Officially Canada's first public Aquarium, the Vancouver Aquarium has become the largest in Canada and one of the five largest in North America. The Vancouver Aquarium was the first aquarium in the world to capture and display an orca. Other whales and dolphins on display included belugas, narwhals and dolphins.
In 1975, the Vancouver Aquarium was the first aquarium accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA). The Aquarium is also accredited by the Canadian Association of Zoos and Aquariums (CAZA) and in 1987 was designated Canada's Pacific National Aquarium by the Canadian Federal Government.
On July 23, 1995, a beluga whale named Qila was born. She was the first beluga to be both conceived and born in a Canadian aquarium. A second calf, Tuvaq, was born on July 30, 2002, but died unexpectedly with no previous sign of illness on July 17, 2005.
In 1996, the Vancouver Park Board instituted a municipal bylaw that prevents the Vancouver Aquarium from capturing cetaceans from the wild for display purposes, and only obtain cetaceans from other facilities if they were born in captivity, captured before 1996 or were rescued and deemed un-releasable after this date.
On June 15, 2006 Canada Post issued a 51 cent domestic rate stamp to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Aquarium.
For many years, the primary attraction for visitors was the orca show. The Aquarium was the first to capture and display a killer whale, Moby Doll, in a pen at Burrard Drydocks, for 3 months in 1964. Since then, it was home to Skana, Hyak II, Finna, Bjossa, and three of Bjossa's calves. When Finna died and Bjossa was left without other orca companions, the Aquarium attempted to acquire one or more female orcas from other marine parks. However, no suitable companions were found, and Bjossa was moved to SeaWorld, San Diego, in April 2001 where she later died due to a chronic respiratory illness. The Aquarium has since moved to emphasize the educational aspects of the displays rather than the public spectacle of the shows. They have also highlighted their research, rescue and rehabilitation efforts.
The aquarium has played a significant role in the research of wild orcas in BC. John Ford, a respected researcher who focuses on orca vocalizations, worked there for many years and they still fund a lot of the study. The Wild Killer Whale Adoption Program, which funds research, is also run out of the aquarium.
After considerable public discussion and some opposition from an animal rights group, the Vancouver Park Board voted in favour of a proposal to expand the Aquarium at a cost of $100 million, funded by the Aquarium, private donors, and infrastructure grants. A public consultation process, led by the aquarium and their own consultants, showed 89% of local residents were in favour of the expansion. The proposal will increase the size of the Aquarium by 1.5 acres (6,100 m2) and extend its lease by 20 years. Construction was expected to begin in the fall of 2007.
Vancouver Aquarium has not kept any orcas in captivity since 2001 and has pledged not to capture wild animals, but to instead rely on captive animals for breeding.
The aquarium covers approximately 9,000 square metres (97,000 sq ft) and has a total 9,500,000 litres (2,100,000 imp gal; 2,500,000 US gal) of water in 166 aquatic displays. There are a number of different galleries, several of which were built at different times throughout the aquarium's history.
This central indoor exhibit consists of a 260,000 litres (57,000 imp gal; 69,000 US gal) tank directly adjacent to the entrance. Fish and invertebrates from the Strait of Georgia are displayed in the exhibit.
Originally this gallery included the Beluga whales along with several non-living displays. In October 2009, a new exhibit opened here displaying several other arctic species, including fishes and invertebrates, along with expanded non-living exhibits as part of the Canada's Arctic Gallery. In 2016, the 2 rescued Harbour Porpoises from the BC Sugar Pool next door, moved to the Canada's Arctic Gallery. Following the deaths of two belugas in 2016, it has been converted into an active Steller Sea Lion research station called Steller's Bay in collaboration with the University of British Columbia. The exhibit reopened as Steller's Bay on July 1st, 2017, while still retaining the Canada's Arctic portion in the underwater gallery. It is home to a four female and 2 male steller sea lions. In June 2018, a new "Research Outpost" Exhibit opened as an addition to Steller's Bay and programs about the Aquarium's research and work regarding Walruses, Northern Fur Seals, and Steller Sea Lions occur.
This is an outdoor gallery that includes several pools, home to a Pacific white-sided dolphin and sea otters that are permanently on display here, along with a "touchpool" where visitors are able to touch British Columbian invertebrates. Several other species (harbour seals, Steller's sea lions, and a California Sea Lion) are rotated in to display in this area. When not housed in this gallery, they live in habitats that are either behind the scenes that are not accessible to visitors, Steller's Bay or the Research Outpost exhibits. There are plans to renovate the habitat into a new Canada's Arctic gallery that will house walruses and other arctic species. It is unclear what will happen to Helen, the Pacific white-sided dolphin, when construction starts in Fall 2018.
This gallery is an exhibit focused on the plight of the world's frog population which endeavors to show how people can help protect frogs and other amphibians. It contains 26 species of amphibians from around the world.
This gallery is home to jellies, fish, and other animals. The 4D Theatre and the children's play area known as "Clownfish Cove" are here, along with multiple classrooms for school groups, including the wet lab education room, which contains both conventional teaching methods such as computers, tables, and chairs, along with live animals and various artifacts.
The Vancouver Aquarium currently houses around 300 species of fish, almost 30,000 invertebrates, and 56 species of amphibians and reptiles. They also have around 60 mammals and birds.
Currently, the Aquarium houses one Pacific white-sided dolphin:
Past Pacific White-Sided Dolphins:
The aquarium used to house a False Killer Whale:
Both belugas lived in the Canada's Arctic enclosure (Now Steller's Bay).
The Vancouver Aquarium used to house two Pacific harbour porpoise rescued by the Aquarium's Marine Mammal Rescue Centre. Daisy was rescued from Gonzolez Beach, B.C. in 2008, and after receiving almost a year of veterinary care and being deemed nonreleasable, was transferred to the Vancouver Aquarium on July 29, 2009. Daisy died on June 16, 2017  Another Pacific harbour porpoise, Jack, was rescued from Horseshoe Bay, B.C. in September 2011 and transferred to the Aquarium on March 15, 2012. Jack died in August 2016.
The Aquarium is home to six sea otters:
The Aquarium is also home to two harbor seals at this time, all of which are male (DaVinci, and Hermes).
The Aquarium also houses 6 northern fur seals (Meechi, Tikva, Tuku, Kyoo, Aya, and Ani), and seven Steller sea lions (Amak, Kenai, Willo, Ashby, Rogue, Bella Bella, and Izzy). Some of the sea lions actually belong to the University of British Columbia, and are part of a research program aimed at studying the causes for the collapse of the Steller sea lion population in Alaska, while Bella Bella is housed at the aquarium after being rescued as a pup on McInnes Island in June 2017 and being deemed non-releasable. Amak and Kenai are half-siblings who were both born at Ocean Park Hong Kong in 2010 and lived at a Japanese facility before being transferred to the Vancouver Aquarium in May 2017.
The Aquarium also currently houses an adult male California Sea Lion (Señor Cinco) who was found with gunshot wounds on Vancouver's Spanish Banks on May 5,2017 and blinded as a result. He is their first California Sea Lion on display and currently lives in the BC Sugar Pool habitat.
At an off-site research facility, an additional 4 Steller sea lions are kept as part of an open-water research program. They are Hazy, Sitka, Boni, and Yasha.
On July 1, 2008, Tag, a 15-year-old male sea lion, died due to oral cancer, despite receiving laser surgery and chemotherapy. Tag was a 15-year-old male sea lion who arrived at the Aquarium as a 2-week-old pup.
The Aquarium has one green sea turtle (Schoona). Schoona is a 16-year-old sea turtle, who has arrived at the aquarium in 2005.
Giselle is a zebra shark who arrived at the Vancouver Aquarium around 2008. Giselle is around 15 years old.
|Species||Status||Population Worldwide||Population at Aquarium|
|Steller Sea Lion||Near threatened||52,000||7|
|California Sea Lion||Least Concern||337,000||1|
|Harbor seal||Least concern||315,000||2|
|Pacific white-sided dolphin||Least concern||900,000||1|
|Northern Fur Seal||Vulnerable||650,000||2|
|Linnaeus's two-toed sloth||Least concern||Unknown||2|
|Turquoise-fronted amazon||Least Concern||Unknown|
|Yacare Caiman||Least Concern||Unknown|
|Green anaconda||No Data||Unknown|
|Emerald Tree Boa||Least Concern||Unknown|
|Linnaeus's two-toed sloth||Least Concern||Unknown|
|Blue Poison Dart Frog||Not Evaluated||Unknown|
|Oregon Spotted Frog||Vulnerable||Unknown|
|Golden Poison Frog||Endangered||Unknown|
|False Tomato Frog||Least Concern||Unknown|
The Vancouver Aquarium has created and operates a number of conservation and research programs aimed at understanding and preserving animal species in the wild.
The Vancouver Aquarium has a program called Ocean Wise Life, which is aimed at promoting sustainable seafood in restaurants, markets, and other food service facilities, as well as ocean conscious plastic use and clothing. Its main thrust is to avoid species whose fishing typically causes large bycatches, species from areas where the habitat will degrade if overfished, and species which themselves are overfished. Ocean Wise works directly with food service companies to select sustainable seafood and actively promote them to the general public. The options are highlighted on participating restaurant menus and display cases with the Ocean Wise symbol, to help consumers make environmentally friendly seafood choices. Today, well over 700 restaurants and food stores in Canada are participants in the Ocean Wise sustainable seafood program. In 2018, with the overarching organization name change to Ocean Wise Conservation Association, the program formerly called Ocean Wise was changed to Ocean Wise Life, and expanded from sustainable seafood to also include Plastic Wise, which teaches and recommends responsible plastic use and addresses the crisis of ocean plastic, as well as studying the effects of plastic fibers and microfibers in clothing, and how to mitigate the problem. 
The Great Canadian Shoreline Cleanup is a program that was initiated by the Vancouver Aquarium by a small group of staff members and volunteers in 1994. These employees had heard about the International Coastal Cleanup and decided to participate in it by picking up garbage at a local beach and submitting the information. The Ocean Conservancy's International Coastal Cleanup is an annual international initiative aimed to engage people to remove trash and debris from the world's beaches and waterways, identify the sources of debris, and change the behaviors that cause marine debris in the first place.
Volunteers and sponsors collect and catalogue debris which is then collected for analysis on sources of garbage that enter the ocean. For example, in 2007, 1,240 beach sites with a collective length of 1,772 km were cleaned by 52,263 volunteers bringing in almost 87.5 metric tons of garbage.
The Vancouver Aquarium operates a Marine Mammal Rescue program which is aimed at rescuing and rehabilitating marine mammals that are found injured, ill, or abandoned, until they can be re-released into their natural habitats. On average, the Rescue Centre admits approximately 100 distressed marine mammals per year. The vast majority of these are harbour seals, but patients can include sea otters, elephant seals, Steller sea lions, harbour porpoises, and common dolphins. The program notably helped rescue Springer, an orphaned killer whale successfully released and reunited with her family pod. Other high-profile rescues include the successful returning of a beached gray whale back to the water in 2005 and the rescue of Schoona, a lost green sea turtle near Prince Rupert, BC. In October 2013, rescued harbour porpoise Levi became the first cetacean to be rehabilitated at the Marine Marine Mammal Rescue Centre and released back into the wild.
The B.C. Cetacean Sightings Network is a collaborative conservation and research program between the Vancouver Aquarium and the Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada aimed at collecting reports and sightings of whales and sea turtles in the wild. The Sightings Network is a network of over 1,800 observers across British Columbia, including whale watching operators, lighthouse keepers, charter boat operators, tugboat captains, BC Ferries personnel, researchers, government employees, recreational boaters and coastal residents. The program aims to solicit reports through the program's website, a toll-free hotline, email, or through the logbook program.
In 2014, the Vancouver Aquarium's practice of keeping whales, dolphins and porpoises in captivity and its beluga whale breeding program sparked controversy.
In March 2014, two Park Board Commissioners, Sarah Blyth and Constance Barnes, publicly spoke out against the practice of keeping whales and dolphins in captivity at the aquarium. Vancouver Mayor Gregor Robertson, in an emailed letter to The Georgia Straight, expressed his personal belief that "the Vancouver Aquarium should begin to phase out the holding of whales and dolphins in captivity". Primatologist and ethologist Jane Goodall called for the Park Board to follow through with the proposed "phase out" of cetaceans and end the Vancouver Aquarium's captive breeding program.
The Vancouver Aquarium responded to criticism with an open letter in which they explained that it was their policy not to capture cetaceans from the wild and that the aquarium played a role as a home for rescued cetaceans that cannot be returned to the wild.
The Park Board proceeded to commission an independent report from US wildlife veterinarian and scientist Dr. Joseph Gaydos in which he examined the aquarium's animal care standards, accreditation and research and compared it to similar facilities in North America. In his report he found that the Vancouver Aquarium "either meets or exceeds North American industry standards". He also concluded that the aquarium had "an active research department that seems to make good use of studying captive cetaceans, not only for being able to provide better care and understanding of captive animals, but to a greater extent [...] to benefit our understanding and conservation of cetaceans in the wild." Dr Gaydos also made two recommendations. He recommended that the Park Board conduct "a large-scale scientific study on the welfare of captive housed cetaceans" as a way of assessing "the complex societal issue of captive cetaceans". He also suggested that the Park Board require the aquarium to release an annual report on the state of its cetaceans.
In the media, the Gaydos report was widely received as a positive review of the aquarium's practices and the Vancouver Aquarium also received support from prominent philanthropists and politicians, as well as four former Vancouver mayors. The Monterey Bay Aquarium and the Aquarium of the Pacific in Long Beach, California also spoke out in favour of the Vancouver Aquarium's cetacean program, citing its importance for scientific research.
After a long public debate that ended with the presentation of the Gaydos report and two days of public hearings, the Vancouver Park Board announced in August 2014 that it intended to enact a by-law to ban breeding of cetaceans at the Vancouver Aquarium, and it tasked its staff with drafting an amendment to the existing by-law regulating cetaceans at the aquarium. Vancouver Aquarium CEO Dr. John Nightingale criticized the decision in a public letter, stating that the decision "was not based on the facts or science presented" and that it did not take into consideration "testimony from dozens of the world’s scientific community, including experts in animal welfare and animal cognition.".
Following a defeat in the elections to Park Board as part of the 2014 civic elections, a majority of the Park Board commissioners, in their last session, voted against enacting an amendment to the by-law.
In 2015, the House of Commons passed Bill S-203, Ending the Captivity of Whales and Dolphins Act, and sent it to the Senate of Canada. The Vancouver Aquarium would be one of two facilities in Canada to be affected by the bill after it is passed by the Senate. Progressive Conservatives in the upper chamber, led by Sen. Don Plett, were accused of using procedural obstruction to keep the bill from moving to a vote. The senators had also made amendments to the bill to exclude both Marineland of Canada and the Vancouver Aquarium from being covered by the bill. After three years, the eventual outcome was not yet known in October 2018.
The Vancouver Aquarium was featured frequently in the 1980s Canadian series, Danger Bay, which followed the day to day exploits of the Roberts family, led by Grant "Doc" Roberts, a marine veterinarian and his two children, Nicole and Jonah.
A YouTube video featuring two sea otters "holding hands" was recorded at the Vancouver Aquarium. The two sea otters are Nyac and Milo. Nyac died on September 23, 2008. She was one of the last surviving sea otters of the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill. The video has been viewed over 19 million times on YouTube. As a result, the Vancouver Aquarium created a live sea otter cam on their website. The YouTube video was originally recorded by Cynthia Holmes. Milo died on January 12, 2012.
The Vancouver Aquarium was also featured in the family film Andre (1994), and romantic comedy Good Luck Chuck (2007), as Cam's workplace. Television movie The Suite Life Movie (2011) used the Aquarium as the research firm where Cody Martin interns.
was the first facility to incorporate professional naturalists/interpretive specialists into galleries to explain animal behaviors.
Media related to Vancouver Aquarium at Wikimedia CommonsBusiness in Vancouver
Business in Vancouver (BIV) is a weekly business news journal co-founded in 1989 by Peter Ladner in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Published on Tuesdays it receives about 62,000 readers per week.Its operations include the biv.com website, a portfolio of nearly two dozen annual business magazines, an extensive roster of special events, a daily radio program on Roundhouse Radio 98.3 FM Vancouver, a weekly podcast, and video production.
Its publisher is the Business in Vancouver Media Group, a division of Glacier Media.Among its special events, BIV manages an annual Forty Under 40 Awards program for the province's outstanding young entrepreneurs. It also manages the Influential Women in Business Awards related to senior executives in the private and public sectors.
Authors include Nelson Bennett, Glen Korstrom, Kirk LaPointe, Tyler Orton, Hayley Woodin and several commentators including Jock Finlayson, Peter Ladner, Gabriel Yiu,
In 2011 and 2013, its publications won the Jack Webster Foundation Business, Industry & Economics Awards.The magazine's sections are:
Environment & Sustainability
Forestry & Fisheries
Hospitality & Tourism
Law & Politics
Media & Marketing
Mining & Energy
Retail & Manufacturing
Sports & Leisure
TransportationIn February 2016, BIV listed Metro Vancouver attraction places ranked by number of visitors:
Capilano Suspension Bridge Park
Richmond Olympic Oval
Science WorldFor the 2017 provincial election, BIV hosted an all-party debate including Green Party leader Andrew Weaver, Liberal Andrew Wilkinson and NDP Carole James.Christopher Porter
Christopher Robert Porter (born September 27, 1970) is a Canadian political activist and was the biggest buyer and seller of dolphins in the world.He was the leader of the small Canadian Action Party between 2010 and 2012 and was a candidate in the federal by-election in Toronto—Danforth. He lost the election to New Democratic Party candidate Craig Scott. Porter received 75 votes.
From 2003 to 2009 he sold 83 dolphins around the world. In late 2009, he stated that he was leaving the dolphin-export business to become an environmental activist. In March 2010, Porter said that he had decided to release his last 17 dolphins back into the wild however the majority were not released, and died in captivity.Corynactis californica
Corynactis californica is a bright red colonial anthozoan similar to sea anemones and scleractinian stony corals. Unlike the Atlantic true sea anemone, Actinia fragacea, that bears the same common name, strawberry anemone, this species is a member of the order Corallimorpharia. Other common names include club-tipped anemone and strawberry corallimorpharian. The anemone is known to carpet the bottom of some areas, like Campbell River in British Columbia, and Monterey Bay in California.
The strawberry anemone grows no larger than 2.5 centimeters. The anemone is always bright red with transparent to white tentacles that are bulbous at the tips. The strawberry anemone resembles sea anemones in that they lack a calcareous skeleton, but are closer related to stony corals in that they lack basilar muscles.
The strawberry anemone is found in water deeper than eleven feet and may not be visible in intertidal pools. When held and raised in captivity, the strawberry anemone may be fed on tiny crustaceans including brine shrimp. Aquarium hobbyists integrating Corynactis californica into live coral settings provide hard substrates for colonial expansion, since this species kills coral and anemones when competing for resources. Like most cnidarians, the strawberry anemone can replicate both asexually (cloning) and sexually through polyp dispersion.
Live examples of Corynactis californica can be viewed in many Pacific aquariums, including the Monterey Bay Aquarium and Vancouver Aquarium, and a few located elsewhere, such as the Diergaarde Blijdorp in the Netherlands.Danger Bay
Danger Bay is a Canadian television series, produced in Vancouver, with first-run episodes broadcast on CBC Television and The Disney Channel starting October 7, 1985. Reruns of the show continued on The Disney Channel until 1996. A total of 123 installments were filmed between 1985 and 1990. The series was perceived as wholesome, exciting fare for older children and adolescents, and continued to be seen through the 1990s in many countries worldwide.
The series followed the exploits of the Roberts family: marine veterinarian Grant "Doc" Roberts and his children, Nicole and Jonah. Nearly every 30-minute episode featured the Vancouver Aquarium. Most episodes focused on environmental issues such as pollution, wildlife endangerment, and forest preservation.
The series was also broadcast in Gibraltar (Danger Bay), Bulgaria (Опасният Залив), Ukraine (Затока Небезпеки), Poland (Niebezpieczna zatoka), Czechoslovakia (Nebezpečný záliv, with Slovak dubbing), Iceland (Háskaslóðir, subtitled on state TV channel Sjónvarpið), Cuba (Bahía Peligro), Trinidad & Tobago, Finland (Vaarojen Lahti, subtitled), Sweden (Äventyr i bukten, subtitled on state TV), Germany (Abenteuer in Vancouver), Netherlands (subtitled), Iran (گارد ساحلی), Iraq (ساحل المخاطر), France (Cap Danger) South Africa (Danger Bay), India (Danger Bay), Spain (Bahía Peligrosa) and in Macedonia (Опасниот Залив).Great Canadian Shoreline Cleanup
The Great Canadian Shoreline Cleanup is a conservation initiative of the Vancouver Aquarium and WWF-Canada. The Shoreline Cleanup
encourages people across Canada to remove shoreline litter to help create healthy waters for everyone, including the wildlife and communities that depend on them.
The Great Canadian Shoreline Cleanup is one of the largest direction action conservation programs in Canada and is a contributor to the International Coastal Cleanup. The Ocean Conservancy's International Coastal Cleanup is the world's largest volunteer effort for ocean health. It engages people to remove trash and debris from the world's beaches and waterways, identify the sources of debris, and change the behaviors that cause marine debris in the first place.
Volunteers and sponsors collect and catalogue litter which is then collected for analysis on sources of garbage that enter the ocean. For example, in 2011, 1,665 shoreline cleanup sites were claimed and a collective length of 3,144 km (1,954 mi) were cleaned, bringing in roughly 144 metric tonnes of garbage.List of aquaria
This is a list of aquaria (public aquariums). For dolphinariums, see List of dolphinariums. For zoos, see List of zoos. For a list of defunct zoos and aquariums, see List of former zoos and aquariums.
Aquariums are facilities where animals are confined within tanks and displayed to the public, and in which they may also be bred. Such facilities include public aquariums, oceanariums, marine mammal parks, and dolphinariums.
According to Vancouver Aquarium there are over 200 aquaria worldwide.Murray Newman (zoologist)
Murray A. Newman (1924 – March 18, 2016) was an American-born Canadian public aquarium director, curator and zoologist. He served as the founding director of the Vancouver Aquarium for 37 years, from 1955 until his retirement in 1993. Newman oversaw the opening of the Vancouver Aquarium in June 1956. During his tenure, Newman championed research and conservation, areas that had not previously been a priority by staff at other aquariums. Newman, who had a firm interest in the Canadian Arctic, created field expeditions and research programs in the country's Far North which continue to the present day.Newman was born and raised in Chicago, Illinois. He received a bachelor's degree in zoology from the University of Chicago and a master's degree, also in zoology, from the University of California, Berkeley, where he completed his thesis on the social behavior of brook trout and rainbow trout. He was hired as a museum zoologist as the University of California, Los Angeles after he completed his master's degree at Berkeley. He met his wife, Katherine, while teaching at UCLA. Katherine had enrolled as the only woman in a fish biology course, despite being warned that the professor disliked teaching women. She met Murray Newman, who was working as an assistant to the biology professor, during the course.Paul Spong
Dr. Paul Spong is a neuroscientist and cetologist from New Zealand. He has spent more than 30 years researching orcas (or Killer whales) in British Columbia, and is credited with increasing public awareness of whaling, through his involvement with Greenpeace.Public aquarium
A public aquarium (plural: public aquaria or public aquariums) is the aquatic counterpart of a zoo, which houses living aquatic animal and plant specimens for public viewing. Most public aquariums feature tanks larger than those kept by home aquarists, as well as smaller tanks. Since the first public aquariums were built in the mid-19th century, they have become popular and their numbers have increased. Most modern accredited aquariums stress conservation issues and educating the public.Shark Reef at Mandalay Bay
The Shark Reef Aquarium at Mandalay Bay is a public aquarium located at and owned by the Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada. Its main tank is 1,300,000 US gallons (4,900,000 l), one of the largest in North America. The facility is 95,000 sq ft (8,800 m2), and displays numerous different species of sharks, rays, fish, reptiles, and marine invertebrates. It also features a shark tunnel. The reef was developed in consultation with the Vancouver Aquarium.Waters
Waters may refer to:
A body of water
Waters (name), a surname
Waters (band), an American band
Waters (magazine), a financial technology magazine
Waters Corporation, an American corporation that produces products for chromatography
Waters, an official magazine of Vancouver Aquarium
Waters v. Churchill, a 1994 U.S. Supreme Court decision on the free-speech rights of public employees at work
USS Waters (DD-115), a destroyer in the U.S. Navy
USNS Waters (T-AGS-45), a U.S. Navy VesselWaters (magazine)
"Waters" is also the title of the official magazine of Vancouver AquariumWaters is a monthly controlled-circulation magazine specializing in the application of information technology in the capital markets, and is one of four brands comprising WatersTechnology, an online financial technology news portal.