V for Vendetta

V for Vendetta is a British graphic novel written by Alan Moore and illustrated by David Lloyd (with additional art by Tony Weare). Initially published in black and white as an ongoing serial in the short-lived UK anthology Warrior, it morphed into a ten-issue limited series published by DC Comics. Subsequent collected editions have been typically published under DC's more specialized imprint Vertigo. The story depicts a dystopian and post-apocalyptic near-future history version of the United Kingdom in the 1990s, preceded by a nuclear war in the 1980s which had devastated most of the rest of the world. The Nordic supremacist[1][2] and neo-fascist[3][4][5][6] Norsefire political party has exterminated its opponents in concentration camps and rules the country as a police state.

The comics follow its title character and protagonist, V, an anarchist revolutionary dressed in a Guy Fawkes mask, as he begins an elaborate and theatrical revolutionist campaign to kill his former captors, bring down the fascist state and convince the people to abandon fascism in favour of anarchy, while inspiring a young woman, Evey Hammond, to be his protégé.

DC Comics had sold more than 500,000 copies of the books in the United States as of 2006.[7] Warner Bros. released a film adaptation of the same title in 2005.

V for Vendetta
V for vendettax
V for Vendetta collected edition cover, art by David Lloyd
PublisherUnited Kingdom
Quality Communications
United States
Vertigo (DC Comics)
France
Delcourt
Brazil
Abril Jovem
Panini Comics
Creative team
WriterAlan Moore
Artists
LettererSteve Craddock
ColouristSteve Whitaker
Siobhan Dodds
David Lloyd
Editor
  • Karen Berger
  • Scott Nybakken
Original publication
Issues10
Date of publicationMarch 1982 – May 1989
ISBN0-930289-52-8

Publication history

Structure and publishing history of V for Vendetta
Book Chapter Warrior DC[a]
1: Europe After the Reign 1: The Villain #1
Mar 1982
#1
Sep 1988
2: The Voice #2
Apr 1982
3: Victims #3
Jul 1982
4: Vaudeville #4
Jul 1982
5: Versions #5[b]
Sep 1982
#2
Oct 1988
6: The Vision #6
Oct 1982
7: Virtue Victorious #7
Nov 1982
8: The Valley #8
Dec 1982
9: Violence #9
Jan 1983
#3
Nov 1988
10: Venom #10
Apr 1983
11: The Vortex #11
Jul 1983
2: This Vicious Cabaret Prelude #12
Aug 1983
#4
Dec 1988
1: The Vanishing #13
Sep 1983
2: The Veil #14
Oct 1983
3: Video #15
Nov 1983
4: A Vocational Viewpoint #16
Dec 1983
#5
Dec 1988
5: The Vacation #18[c]
Apr 1984
6: Variety #19
Jun 1984
7: Visitors #21[d]
Aug 1984
8: Vengeance #22
Sep 1984
#6
Dec 1988
9: Vicissitude #23
Oct 1984
10: Vermin #24
Nov 1984
11: Valerie #25
Dec 1984
12: The Verdict #26
Feb 1985
#7[e]
Jan 1989
13: Values #27
(unpublished)
14: Vignettes #28
(unpublished)
3: The Land of Do-As-You-Please Prologue #8
Feb 1989
1: Vox Populi
2: Verwirrung
3: Various Valentines
4: Vestiges #9
Mar 1989
V: The Valediction
6: Vectors
7: Vindication
8: Vultures #10
May 1989
9: The Vigil
10: The Volcano
11: Valhalla
Notes
  1. ^ TPB collection first published by Warner Books in May 1990, ISBN 0-446-39190-5. Includes new foreword from David Lloyd (Jan 1990).
  2. ^ Warrior #5 includes the vignette "Vertigo".
  3. ^ Warrior #17 (Mar 1984) includes "Behind the Painted Smile" by Alan Moore, but no comic.
  4. ^ Warrior #20 (Jul 1984) includes the vignette "Vincent".
  5. ^ Includes the interludes "Vertigo" and "Vincent"
  1. ^ TPB collection first published by Warner Books in May 1990, ISBN 0-446-39190-5. Includes new foreword from David Lloyd (Jan 1990).
  2. ^ Warrior #5 includes the vignette "Vertigo".
  3. ^ Warrior #17 (Mar 1984) includes "Behind the Painted Smile" by Alan Moore, but no comic.
  4. ^ Warrior #20 (Jul 1984) includes the vignette "Vincent".
  5. ^ Includes the interludes "Vertigo" and "Vincent"

The first episodes of V for Vendetta appeared in black-and-white between 1982 and 1985, in Warrior, a British anthology comic published by Quality Communications. The strip was one of the least popular in that title; editor/publisher Dez Skinn remarked, "If I'd have given each character their own title, the failures would have certainly outweighed the successes, with the uncompromising 'V for Vendetta' probably being an early casualty. But with five or six strips an issue, regular [readers] only needed two or three favorites to justify their buying the title."[8]

When the publishers cancelled Warrior in 1985 (with two completed issues unpublished due to the cancellation), several companies attempted to convince Moore and Lloyd to let them publish and complete the story. In 1988, DC Comics published a ten-issue series that reprinted the Warrior stories in colour, then continued the series to completion. The first new material appeared in issue No. 7, which included the unpublished episodes that would have appeared in Warrior No. 27 and No. 28. Tony Weare drew one chapter ("Vincent") and contributed additional art to two others ("Valerie" and "The Vacation"); Steve Whitaker and Siobhan Dodds worked as colourists on the entire series.

Collected editions

The entire series has appeared collected in paperback (ISBN 0-446-39190-5) and hardback (ISBN 1-4012-0792-8) form, including Moore's "Behind the Painted Smile" essay and two "interludes" outside the central continuity. Later collections include reissued paperbacks, published in the US by DC's Vertigo imprint (ISBN 0-930289-52-8) and in the UK by Titan Books (ISBN 1-85286-291-2). A new hardback edition was published in 2005 featuring improved printing and coloring.[9] In August 2009 DC published a slipcased Absolute Edition (ISBN 1-4012-2361-3); this includes newly coloured "silent art" pages (full-page panels containing no dialogue) from the series' original run, which have not previously appeared in any previous collected edition.[9]

  • — — (October 24, 2008). V for Vendetta (New TPB ed.). DC Vertigo. ISBN 9781401208417.
  • — — (December 24, 2008). V for Vendetta (New ed.). DC Vertigo.
  • — — (September 8, 2009). V for Vendetta (Absolute ed.). DC Vertigo. ISBN 9781401223618.
  • — — (October 9, 2012). V for Vendetta (Deluxe Collector Set ed.). DC Vertigo. ISBN 9781401238582.
  • — — (November 20, 2018). V for Vendetta (The 30th Anniversary Deluxe ed.). DC Vertigo. ISBN 9781401285005.

Background

David Lloyd's paintings for V for Vendetta in Warrior first appeared in black and white.[10]

Warrior19
Cover of Warrior #19, highlighting the comic's conflict between anarchist and fascist philosophies.

In writing V for Vendetta, Moore drew upon a comic strip idea submission that the DC Thomson scriptwriting competition rejected in 1975. "The Doll" involved a transsexual terrorist in white face makeup who fought a totalitarian state during the 1980s.[11]

Years later, Skinn reportedly invited Moore to create a dark mystery strip with artist David Lloyd.[12] V for Vendetta was intended to recreate something similar to their popular Marvel UK Night Raven strip in a 1930s noir.[13] They chose against doing historical research and instead set the story in the near future rather than the recent past.[14]

Then V for Vendetta emerged, putting the emphasis on "V" rather than "Vendetta". David Lloyd developed the idea of dressing V as Guy Fawkes[15] after previous designs followed the conventional superhero look. During the preparation of the story, Moore made a list of what he wanted to bring into the plot, which he reproduced in "Behind the Painted Smile":

Orwell. Huxley. Thomas Disch. Judge Dredd. Harlan Ellison's "Repent, Harlequin!" Said the Ticktockman, Catman and The Prowler in the City at the Edge of the World by the same author. Vincent Price's Dr. Phibes and Theatre of Blood. David Bowie. The Shadow. Night Raven. Batman. Fahrenheit 451. The writings of the New Worlds school of science fiction. Max Ernst's painting "Europe After the Rain". Thomas Pynchon. The atmosphere of British Second World War films. The Prisoner. Robin Hood. Dick Turpin...[16]

The influence of such a wide number of references has been thoroughly demonstrated in academic studies,[17] above which dystopian elements stand out, especially the similarity with George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four in several stages of the plot.[18]

The political climate of Britain in the early 1980s also influenced the work,[19] with Moore positing that Margaret Thatcher's Conservative government would "obviously lose the 1983 elections", and that an incoming Michael Foot-led Labour government, committed to complete nuclear disarmament, would allow the United Kingdom to escape relatively unscathed after a limited nuclear war. However, Moore felt that fascists would quickly subvert a post-holocaust Britain.[16] V, an anarchist, initially murders members of the fascist government, but as the story develops, Moore deliberately made V's actions "very, very morally ambiguous" with the aim that "I didn't want to tell people what to think, I just wanted to tell people to think."[13]

Moore's scenario remains untested. Addressing historical developments when DC reissued the work, he noted:

Naïveté can also be detected in my supposition that it would take something as melodramatic as a near-miss nuclear conflict to nudge Britain towards fascism... The simple fact that much of the historical background of the story proceeds from a predicted Conservative defeat in the 1983 General Election should tell you how reliable we were in our roles as Cassandras.[20]

Reception

The February 1999 issue of The Comics Journal ran a poll on "The Top 100 (English-Language) Comics of the Century": V for Vendetta reached 83rd place.[21]

Plot

Book 1: Europe After the Reign

On Guy Fawkes Night in London in 1997, a financially desperate 16-year-old, Evey Hammond, sexually solicits men who are actually members of the state secret police, called "The Finger". Preparing to rape and kill her, the Fingermen are dispatched by V, a cloaked anarchist wearing a mask, who later remotely detonates explosives at the Houses of Parliament before bringing Evey to his contraband-filled underground lair, the "Shadow Gallery". Evey tells V her life story, which reveals her own past as well as England's recent history. Due to a dispute over Poland in the late 1980's, the Soviet Union and the United States, under the presidency of Ted Kennedy, entered a global nuclear war which left continental Europe and Africa uninhabitable. Although Britain itself was not bombed due to the Labour government's decision to remove American nuclear missiles, it faced environmental devastation and famine due to the nuclear winter. After a period of lawlessness in which Evey's mother died, the remaining corporations and fascist groups would take over England and form med a new totalitarian government, Norsefire. Evey's father, a former socialist, would be arrested by the regime.

Meanwhile, Eric Finch, a veteran detective in charge of the regular police force—"the Nose"—begins investigating V's terrorist activities. Finch often communicates with Norsefire's other intelligence departments, including "the Finger," led by Derek Almond, and "the Head," embodied by Adam Susan: the reclusive government Leader, who obsessively oversees the government's Fate computer system. Finch's case thickens when V kidnaps Lewis Prothero, a propaganda-broadcasting radio personality, and drives him into a mental breakdown by forcing him to relive his actions as the commander of a "resettlement" camp near Larkhill with his treasured doll collection as inmates. Evey agrees to help V with his next assassination by disguising herself as a child prostitute to infiltrate the home of Bishop Anthony Lilliman, a paedophile priest, who V forces to commit suicide by eating a poisoned communion wafer. He prepares to murder Dr. Delia Surridge, a medical researcher who once had a romance with Finch. Finch suddenly discovers the connection among V's three targets: they all used to work at Larkhill. That night, V kills both Almond and Surridge, but Surridge has left a diary revealing that V—a former inmate and victim of Surridge's cruel medical experiments—was able to destroy and flee the camp, and is now eliminating the camp's former officers for what they did. Finch reports these findings to Susan, and suspects that this vendetta may actually be a cover for V, who, he worries, may be plotting an even bigger terrorist attack.

Book 2: This Vicious Cabaret

Four months later, V breaks into Jordan Tower, the home of Norsefire's propaganda department, "the Mouth"—led by Roger Dascombe—to broadcast a speech that calls on the people to resist the government. V escapes using an elaborate diversion that results in Dascombe's death. Finch is soon introduced to Peter Creedy, the new head of the Finger, who provokes Finch to strike him and thus get sent on a forced vacation. All this time, Evey has moved on with her life, becoming romantically involved with a much older man named Gordon. Evey and Gordon unknowingly cross paths with Rose Almond, the widow of the recently killed Derek. After Derek's death, Rose reluctantly began a relationship with Dascombe, but now, with both of her lovers murdered, she is forced to perform demoralizing burlesque work, increasing her hatred of the unsupportive government.

When a Scottish gangster named Ally Harper murders Gordon, a vengeful Evey interrupts a meeting between Harper and Creedy, the latter of whom is buying the support of Harper's thugs in preparation for a coup d'état. Evey attempts to shoot Harper, but is suddenly abducted and then imprisoned. Amidst interrogation and torture, Evey finds an old letter hidden in her cell by an inmate named Valerie Page, a film actress who was imprisoned and executed for being a lesbian.

Evey's interrogator finally gives her a choice of collaboration or death; inspired by Valerie, Evey refuses to collaborate, and, expecting to be executed, is instead told that she is free. Stunned, Evey learns that her supposed imprisonment is in fact a hoax constructed by V so that she could experience an ordeal similar to the one that shaped him at Larkhill. He reveals that Valerie was a real Larkhill prisoner who died in the cell next to his and that the letter is not a fake. Evey forgives V, who has hacked into the government's Fate computer system and started emotionally manipulating Adam Susan with mind games. Consequently, Susan, who has formed a bizarre romantic attachment to the computer, is beginning to descend into madness.

Book 3: The Land of Do-As-You-Please

The following 5 November (1998), V blows up the Post Office Tower and Jordan Tower, killing "the Ear" leader Brian Etheridge; in addition to effectively shutting down three government agencies: the Eye, the Ear, and the Mouth. Creedy's men and Harper's associated street gangs violently suppress the subsequent wave of revolutionary fervor from the public. V notes to Evey that he has not yet achieved what he calls the "Land of Do-as-You-Please", meaning a functional anarchistic society, and considers the current chaotic situation an interim period of "Land of Take-What-You-Want". Finch has been mysteriously absent and his young assistant, Dominic Stone, one day realises that V has been influencing the Fate computer all along, which would explain V's consistent foresight. All the while, Finch has been travelling to the abandoned site of Larkhill, where he takes LSD to conjure up memories of his own devastated past and to put his mind in the role of a prisoner of Larkhill, like V, to help give him an intuitive understanding of V's experiences. Returning to London, Finch suddenly deduces that V's lair is inside the abandoned Victoria Station, which he enters.

V takes Finch by surprise, resulting in a scuffle which sees Finch shoot V and V wound Finch with a knife. V claims that he cannot be killed since he is only an idea and that "ideas are bulletproof"; regardless, V is indeed mortally wounded and returns to the Shadow Gallery deeper within, dying in Evey's arms. Evey considers unmasking V, but decides not to, realising that V is not an identity but a symbol. She then assumes V's identity, donning one of his spare costumes. Finch sees the large amount of blood that V has left in his wake and deduces that he has mortally wounded V. Occurring concurrently to this, Creedy has been pressuring Susan to appear in public, hoping to leave him exposed. Sure enough, as Susan stops to shake hands with Rose during a parade, she shoots him in the head in vengeance for the death of her husband and the life she has had to lead since then. Following Rose's arrest, Creedy assumes emergency leadership of the country, and Finch emerges from the subway proclaiming V's death.

Due to his LSD-induced epiphany, Finch leaves his position within "the Nose". The power struggle between the remaining leaders results in all of their deaths: Harper betrays and kills Creedy at the behest of Helen Heyer (wife of "the Eye" leader Conrad Heyer, who had outbid Creedy for Harper's loyalty), and Harper and Conrad Heyer kill each other during a fight precipitated by Heyer's discovery that his wife Helen had had an affair with Harper.

With the fate of the top government officials unknown to the public, Stone acts as leader of the police forces deployed to ensure that the riots are contained should V still be alive and make his promised public announcement. Evey appears to a crowd, dressed as V, announcing the destruction of 10 Downing Street the following day and telling the crowd they must "...choose what comes next. Lives of your own, or a return to chains", whereupon a general insurrection begins. Evey destroys 10 Downing Street[22] by blowing up an Underground train containing V's body, in the style of an explosive Viking funeral. She abducts Stone, apparently to train him as her successor. The book ends with Finch quietly observing the chaos raging in the city and walking down an abandoned motorway whose lights have all gone out.

Norsefire government

Norsefire government officials in V for Vendetta
BRANCH Head Eye Ear Nose Finger Mouth
Function Leadership Video surveillance Audio surveillance Investigative
(New Scotland Yard)
Executive
(Secret police)
Propaganda[a]
Leader Adam James Susan[b] Conrad Heyer[c] Brian 'Bunny' Etheridge[d] Eric Finch[e] Derek Almond[f] Roger Dascombe[g]
Peter Creedy[h][i]
Partner Fate[j] Helen Heyer[k] Mrs. Etheridge Delia Anne Surridge[l] Rosemary Almond [m]
Dies Bk 3 Ch 7[b] Bk 3 Ch 10[c] Bk 3 Prologue[d] (Almond) Bk 1 Ch 10[f] Bk 2 Ch 4[g]
(Creedy) Bk 3 Ch 8[i]
Notes
  1. ^ The Voice of Fate as broadcast by the Mouth was provided by Lewis Prothero, former commander of Larkhill Resettlement Camp, driven incurably insane by V in Book 1, Chapter 5.
  2. ^ a b Shot by Rosemary Almond.
  3. ^ a b Abandoned by Helen Heyer to exsanguinate following struggle with Ally Harper, gangster from Scotland.
  4. ^ a b Dies in explosion of Post Office Tower.
  5. ^ Assisted by Dominic Stone, who fills as leader of The Nose in for Finch during the latter's forced holiday after Finch was goaded into striking Peter Creedy.
  6. ^ a b Stabbed by V when confronted at Dr. Surridge's apartment.
  7. ^ a b Shot by Fingermen as a decoy.
  8. ^ Temporarily elevated to Emergency Commander in the wake of Susan's death.
  9. ^ a b Killed by Ally Harper using a straight razor.
  10. ^ As explained in Bk 1 Ch 5.
  11. ^ Abandoned by Finch to "louts" at the conclusion of Bk 3 Ch 11.
  12. ^ Medical researcher at Larkhill. Poisoned by V in Bk 1 Ch 10.
  13. ^ Dascombe pressures the widowed Rosemary Almond into a relationship.

Themes and motifs

The two conflicting political viewpoints of anarchism and fascism dominate the story.[23]

Moore stated in an interview that V is designed as an enigma, as Moore "didn't want to tell people what to think" but wanted them to consider some extreme events that have recurred throughout history.[13]

Adaptations

Film

In December 2005 Warner Bros. released a feature-film adaptation of V for Vendetta, directed by James McTeigue from a screenplay by the Wachowskis. Natalie Portman stars as Evey Hammond and Hugo Weaving as V.[24]

Alan Moore distanced himself from the film, as he has with other screen adaptation of his works. He ended co-operation with his publisher, DC Comics, after its corporate parent, Warner Bros., failed to retract statements about Moore's supposed endorsement of the movie.[25]

After reading the script, Moore remarked:

[The movie] has been "turned into a Bush-era parable by people too timid to set a political satire in their own country. ... It's a thwarted and frustrated and largely impotent American liberal fantasy of someone with American liberal values standing up against a state run by neoconservatives – which is not what the comic V for Vendetta was about. It was about fascism, it was about anarchy, it was about England.[26]

He later adds that if the Wachowskis had wanted to protest about what was going on in the United States, then they should have used a political narrative that directly addressed the issues of the US, similar to what Moore had done before with Britain. The film arguably changes the original message by having removed any reference to actual anarchism in the revolutionary actions of V. An interview with producer Joel Silver reveals that he identifies the V of the comics as a clear-cut "superhero... a masked avenger who pretty much saves the world," a simplification that goes against Moore's own statements about V's role in the story.[27]

Co-author and illustrator David Lloyd, by contrast, embraced the adaptation.[28] In an interview with Newsarama he states:

It's a terrific film. The most extraordinary thing about it for me was seeing scenes that I'd worked on and crafted for maximum effect in the book translated to film with the same degree of care and effect. The "transformation" scene between Natalie Portman and Hugo Weaving is just great. If you happen to be one of those people who admires the original so much that changes to it will automatically turn you off, then you may dislike the film—but if you enjoyed the original and can accept an adaptation that is different to its source material but equally as powerful, then you'll be as impressed as I was with it.[29]

Steve Moore (no relation to Alan Moore) wrote a novelisation of the film's screenplay, published in 2006.[30]

Television series

In October 2017, it was announced that Channel 4 was developing a television series based on the comic book.[31]

Cultural impact

London QVS April 12 2008 0010 Anons
Protesters wearing Guy Fawkes masks at a protest against Scientology in London in 2008

Since the release of the film adaptation, hundreds of thousands of Guy Fawkes masks from the books and film have been sold every year since the film's release, as of 2011.[32] Time Warner owns the rights to the image and is paid a fee with the sale of each official mask.[33][34]

Anonymous, an Internet-based group, has adopted the Guy Fawkes mask as their symbol (in reference to an Internet meme). Members wore such masks, for example, during Project Chanology's protests against the Church of Scientology in 2008. Alan Moore had this to say about the use of the Guy Fawkes motif adopted from his comic V for Vendetta, in an interview with Entertainment Weekly:

I was also quite heartened the other day when watching the news to see that there were demonstrations outside the Scientology headquarters over here, and that they suddenly flashed to a clip showing all these demonstrators wearing V for Vendetta Guy Fawkes masks. That pleased me. That gave me a warm little glow.[35]

According to Time, the protesters' adoption of the mask has led to it becoming the top-selling mask on Amazon.com, selling hundreds of thousands a year.[36]

The film allegedly inspired some of the Egyptian youth before and during the 2011 Egyptian revolution.[37][38][39][40]

On 23 May 2009, protesters dressed up as V and set off a fake barrel of gunpowder outside Parliament while protesting over the issue of British MPs' expenses.[41]

During the Occupy Wall Street and other ongoing Occupy protests, the mask appeared internationally[42] as a symbol of popular revolution. Artist David Lloyd stated: "The Guy Fawkes mask has now become a common brand and a convenient placard to use in protest against tyranny – and I'm happy with people using it, it seems quite unique, an icon of popular culture being used this way."[43]

On 17 November 2012 police officials in Dubai warned against wearing Guy Fawkes masks painted with the colours of the UAE flag during any celebration associated with the UAE National Day (2 December), declaring such use an illegal act after masks went on sale in online shops for 50 DHS.[44]

References

  1. ^ Combe, Kirk (2013). Masculinity and Monstrosity in Contemporary Hollywood Films. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 160. ISBN 978-1137360809. Here, Creedy not only bullies but delights in reminding Finch of his marginalized status as a mongrel according to long-standing English prejudice against the Irish, as well as Norsefirean standards for racial purity. Chillingly, in this small exchange, we also discover that Norsefire chose to release its deadly virus on Ireland, no doubt yet one more effort by an English ruling class to pacify that uncooperative island.
  2. ^ Shantz, Jeff (2015). Specters of Anarchy: Literature and the Anarchist Imagination. Algora Publishing. p. 223. ISBN 978-1628941418. [Norsefire's] goal is to lead the country that I love out of the Twentieth century. I believe in survival. In the destiny of the Nordic race.
  3. ^ Call, Lewis (1 January 2008). "A IS FOR ANARCHY, V IS FOR VENDETTA". Anarchist Studies. 16 (2): 154–172. Archived from the original on 6 October 2011. V for Vendetta offers a clever, insightful look at the rise of fascism. The fascist 'Norsefire' party takes advantage of the power vacuum which occurs as the liberal British state collapses in the aftermath of the nuclear war.
  4. ^ Muise, Chris (2011). Quicklet On V for Vendetta By Alan Moore. Hyperink, Inc. pp. 1–10. ISBN 161464084X. Britain, however, survives under the cold, watchful eye of the Norsefire government, a fascist regime that took control amidst the chaos and confusion after the war.
  5. ^ Madelyn Boudreaux. "An Annotation of Literary, Historic, and Artistic References in Alan Moore's Graphic Novel, V For Vendetta". An Annotation of Literary, Historic, and Artistic References in Alan Moore's Graphic Novel, V For Vendetta. Archived from the original on 14 May 2008. Retrieved 25 October 2008. ...make Britain great again....This is typically "nationalistic" sentiment.... It was this sentiment, taken to its extremes, that drove Hitler's Nationalist Socialist (Nazi) Workers' Party to try to rid Germany of "non-Germans".
  6. ^ Moore, Alan (1981). V for Vendetta, Book One: Europe After the Reign. Vertigo (DC Comics). pp. 37–39. ISBN 0-930289-52-8. My name is Adam Susan. I am the leader. Leader of the lost, ruler of the ruins. I am a man, like any other man... I am not loved, I know that. Not in soul or body. I have never known the soft whisper of endearment. Never known the peace that lies between the thighs of woman. But I am respected. I am feared. And that will suffice. Because I love. I, who am not loved in return. I have a love that is far deeper than the empty gasps and convulsions of brutish coupling. Shall I speak of her? Shall I speak of my bride? She has no eyes to flirt or promise. But she sees all. Sees and understands with a wisdom that is Godlike in its scale. I stand at the gates of her intellect and I am blinded by the light within. How stupid I must seem to her. How childlike and uncomprehending. Her soul is clean, untainted by the snares and ambiguities of emotion. She does not hate. She does not yearn. She is untouched by joy or sorrow. I worship her though I am not worthy. I cherish the purity of her disdain. She does not respect me. She does not fear me. She does not love me. They think she is hard and cold, those who do not know her. They think she is lifeless and without passion. They do not know her. She has not touched them. She touches me, and I am touched by God, by Destiny. The whole of existence courses through her. I worship her. I am her slave.
  7. ^ "The V for Vendetta Graphic Novel is a National Bestseller". WarnerMedia. March 30, 2006.
  8. ^ Harvey, Allan (June 2009). "Blood and Sapphires: The Rise and Demise of Marvelman". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (34): 71.
  9. ^ a b "'Absolute V For Vendetta' to feature 100 additional pages at no extra cost" (Press release). Comic Book Resources. February 3, 2009. Archived from the original on 25 May 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
  10. ^ Barnett, David (27 December 2016). "V for Vendetta is a manual for rebellion against injustice". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 24 March 2018. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  11. ^ Moore 1995, p. 268.
  12. ^ Brown, Adrian (2004). "Headspace: Inside The Mindscape of Alan Moore". Ninth Art. Archived from the original (http) on 20 October 2007. Retrieved 6 April 2006.
  13. ^ a b c Alan Moore (March 2006). "A for Alan, Part 1". The Beat (Interview). Interviewed by Heather MacDonald. Mile High Comics. Archived from the original on 4 April 2006. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  14. ^ Khoury, George (July 2003). "The Extraordinary Works of Alan Moore". Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows. p. 74. ISBN 1-893905-24-1. Archived from the original on 2 June 2018. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
  15. ^ Moore, Alan (8 March 2012). "Alan Moore on Anonymous' rise". Archived from the original on 25 July 2013. Retrieved 1 May 2018 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  16. ^ a b Moore, Alan (1983). "Behind the Painted Smile". Warrior (17).
  17. ^ Keller, James R. (2008). V for vendetta as cultural pastiche. Jefferson: McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-3467-1.
  18. ^ Galdon Rodriguez, Angel (2011). George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four as an Influence on Popular Culture Works: V for Vendetta and 2024. Albacete: Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha.
  19. ^ Boudreaux, Madelyn (1994). "Introduction". An Annotation of Literary, Historic and Artistic References in Alan Moore's Graphic Novel, "V for Vendetta". Archived from the original on 8 March 2006. Retrieved 6 April 2006.
  20. ^ Moore, Alan, Introduction. V for Vendetta. New York: DC Comics, 1990.
  21. ^ The Comics Journal No. 210, February 1999, page 44
  22. ^ Moore, Alan (w), Lloyd, David (p). "V for Vendetta" V for Vendetta v10,: 28/6 (May 1989), DC Comics
  23. ^ "Authors on Anarchism — an Interview with Alan Moore". Strangers in a Tangled Wilderness. Infoshop.org. Archived from the original on 12 September 2008. Retrieved 2 May 2008.
  24. ^ "V for Vendetta (2006)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2005.
  25. ^ "Moore Slams V for Vendetta Movie, Pulls LoEG from DC Comics". Comic Book Resources. 22 April 2006. Archived from the original on 12 January 2013.
  26. ^ MTV (2006). "Alan Moore: The last angry man". MTV.com. Archived from the original on 1 September 2006. Retrieved 30 August 2006.
  27. ^ Douglas, Edward (2006). "V for Vendetta's Silver Lining". Comingsoon.net. Archived from the original on 12 January 2013. Retrieved 6 April 2006.
  28. ^ "V at Comic Con". Archived from the original on 7 May 2013. Retrieved 6 April 2006.
  29. ^ "David Lloyd: A Conversation". Newsarama. Archived from the original on May 24, 2006. Retrieved July 14, 2006.
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Bibliography

  • Moore, Alan (1995) [1st pub. 1983]. "Behind the Painted Smile". V for Vendetta. New York: Vertigo. pp. 267–276. ISBN 0-930289-52-8.

Further reading

External links

Adam Susan

Adam James Susan is a fictional character and the main antagonist of the comic book series (later graphic novel) V for Vendetta, created by writer Alan Moore and illustrator David Lloyd. He is renamed Adam Sutler in the film adaptation, in which he is portrayed by John Hurt.

Adrian Finighan

Adrian Richard Finighan (born 20 December 1964) is a Welsh journalist, working as a presenter and reporter for the television channel Al Jazeera English (AJE). He was based at AJE’s World headquarters in Doha and now presents programmes from London.

Finighan's interest in broadcast news journalism began in his early teens. After leaving school, he was offered the chance to study 'on the job' for a recognised journalism qualification with the South Wales radio station where he had been working part-time since the age of 16.

After a period at a local radio station in Norwich, Finighan joined the BBC in 1988, working at BBC Local Radio as a reporter and producer. He later moved on to national radio, becoming a newsreader on BBC Radio 1 and BBC Radio 2 and an occasional presenter of the latter station's overnight programmes in the final years when the station's newsreaders were used in this role. Subsequently, he moved into television news by joining the BBC's Business Unit, and also fronted Newsroom South East. He later became a regular presenter on international news channel BBC World News, as well as appearing on UK domestic counterpart, BBC News 24. He joined CNN International from the BBC in early 2006 and worked there until 2010. He also owns a company with his brother.

Finighan made a short appearance as a news anchor in the movie V for Vendetta.

Alan Moore

Alan Moore (born 18 November 1953) is an English writer known primarily for his work in comic books including Watchmen, V for Vendetta, The Ballad of Halo Jones and From Hell. Regarded by some as the best graphic novel writer in history, he is widely recognised among his peers and critics. He has occasionally used such pseudonyms as Curt Vile, Jill de Ray, and Translucia Baboon; also, reprints of some of his work have been credited to The Original Writer when Moore requested that his name be removed.Moore started writing for British underground and alternative fanzines in the late 1970s before achieving success publishing comic strips in such magazines as 2000 AD and Warrior. He was subsequently picked up by the American DC Comics, and as "the first comics writer living in Britain to do prominent work in America", he worked on major characters such as Batman (Batman: The Killing Joke) and Superman (Whatever Happened to the Man of Tomorrow?), substantially developed the character Swamp Thing, and penned original titles such as Watchmen. During that decade, Moore helped to bring about greater social respectability for comics in the United States and United Kingdom. He prefers the term "comic" to "graphic novel". In the late 1980s and early 1990s he left the comic industry mainstream and went independent for a while, working on experimental work such as the epic From Hell and the prose novel Voice of the Fire. He subsequently returned to the mainstream later in the 1990s, working for Image Comics, before developing America's Best Comics, an imprint through which he published works such as The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen and the occult-based Promethea.

Moore is an occultist, ceremonial magician, and anarchist, and has featured such themes in works including Promethea, From Hell, and V for Vendetta, as well as performing avant-garde spoken word occult "workings" with The Moon and Serpent Grand Egyptian Theatre of Marvels, some of which have been released on CD.

Despite his own personal objections, his works have provided the basis for a number of Hollywood films, including From Hell (2001), The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen (2003), V for Vendetta (2005), and Watchmen (2009). Moore has also been referenced in popular culture, and has been recognised as an influence on a variety of literary and television figures including Neil Gaiman, Joss Whedon, and Damon Lindelof. He has lived a significant portion of his life in Northampton, England, and he has said in various interviews that his stories draw heavily from his experiences living there.

David Lloyd (comics)

David Lloyd (born 1950) is a British comics artist best known as the illustrator of the story V for Vendetta, written by Alan Moore.

Lloyd was born in Enfield, London.

Eddie Marsan

Edward Maurice Charles Marsan (born 9 June 1968) is an English actor. He won the London Film Critics Circle Award and National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor for the film Happy-Go-Lucky in 2008.

He has appeared in Gangster No. 1 (2000), Ultimate Force (2002), V for Vendetta (2005), Mission: Impossible III (2006), Sixty Six (2006), Hancock (2008), Sherlock Holmes (2009), War Horse (2011), Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows (2011), The Best of Men (2012), and The World's End (2013). He also appeared in Showtime's TV series Ray Donovan (2013) as Terry, and as Mr Norrell in the BBC drama Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell (2015).

Evey Hammond

Evey Hammond is a fictional character and the protagonist of the comic book series, V for Vendetta, created by Alan Moore and David Lloyd. She becomes involved in V's life when he rescues her from a gang of London's secret police.

Guy Fawkes mask

The Guy Fawkes mask is a stylised depiction of Guy Fawkes, the best-known member of the Gunpowder Plot. The plot was an attempt to blow up the House of Lords in London on 5 November 1605, in order to restore a Catholic head of state. The use of a mask on an effigy has long roots as part of Guy Fawkes Night celebrations.

A stylised portrayal of a face with a smile and red cheeks, a wide moustache upturned at both ends, and a thin vertical pointed beard, designed by illustrator David Lloyd, came to represent broader protest after it was used as a major plot element in V for Vendetta, published in 1982, and its 2005 film adaptation. After appearing in Internet forums, the mask became a well-known symbol for the online hacktivist group Anonymous, used in Project Chanology, the Occupy movement, and other anti-government and anti-establishment protests around the world.

Hugo Weaving

Hugo Wallace Weaving (born 4 April 1960) is an Australian-English film and stage actor. He is best known for playing Agent Smith in The Matrix trilogy (1999–2003), Elrond in The Lord of the Rings (2001–2003) and The Hobbit (2012–2014) film trilogies, V in V for Vendetta (2006), Red Skull in Captain America: The First Avenger and Tom Doss in Hacksaw Ridge.

Weaving's first television role was in the 1984 Australian television series Bodyline, where he portrayed English cricket captain Douglas Jardine. In film, he first rose to prominence for his performance as Martin in the Australian drama Proof (1991). Weaving played Anthony "Tick" Belrose/Mitzi Del Bra in the comedy-drama The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert (1994); and multiple roles in the science fiction film Cloud Atlas (2012). His roles as a voice actor include the roles as Rex The Male Sheepdog in Babe, Noah the Leading Elder Emperor Penguin in Happy Feet and Happy Feet Two and as Megatron in the first three films of Transformers film series.

Weaving's awards for acting include a Satellite Award, MTV Movie Award and six Australian Film Institute Awards.

James McTeigue

James McTeigue is an Australian film director. He has been an assistant director on many films, including Dark City (1998), the Matrix trilogy (1999–2003) and Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones (2002), and made his directorial debut with the 2005 film V for Vendetta to critical acclaim. Since Vendetta he has collaborated with the Wachowskis an additional three times as director on The Invasion (albeit uncredited), Ninja Assassin and Sense8.

List of accolades received by V for Vendetta (film)

V for Vendetta is a 2006 dystopian thriller film directed by first-time filmmaker James McTeigue with a screenplay written by the Wachowski sisters. The film was produced by the latter and Joel Silver. It is based on the comic book series of the same name by Alan Moore and David Lloyd. It starred Natalie Portman, Hugo Weaving, Stephen Rea, and John Hurt. The film had its world premiere at the Berlin International Film Festival on February 12, 2006. It was released March 17, 2006 in the United States, United Kingdom, and six other countries; it topped that week's US box office. Its worldwide gross was $132,511,035.V for Vendetta garnered various awards and nominations following its release, with most nominations recognizing the film overall. In addition, V for Vendetta was included in a number of best film lists for 2006, including a list authored by director Kevin Smith. Fandomania named the character V the 96th greatest fictional character of all time.

List of films based on DC Comics

DC Comics is one of the largest and oldest American comic book publishers. It produces material featuring numerous well-known superhero characters, including Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Green Lantern, The Flash, Aquaman, and Green Arrow. Most of this material takes place in a shared fictional universe, which also features teams such as the Justice League, the Suicide Squad, and the Teen Titans. The company has also published non-DC Universe-related material, including V for Vendetta, and many titles under their alternative imprint Vertigo.

Film adaptations based on DC Comics properties have included serials, live action and animated films, direct-to-video releases, television films, fan-made films, and documentary films.

Norsefire

Norsefire is the fictional Nordic supremacist and neo-fascist political party ruling the United Kingdom in Alan Moore and David Lloyd's V for Vendetta comic book series. The organization gained power promising a stability and a restoration of the United Kingdom after a worldwide nuclear war between the United States and the Soviet Union decimates the Earth. The United Kingdom and Ireland survive due to their geographic isolation and the decommissioning of Britain's nuclear arsenal, but suffers widespread damage leading to societal instability, which is a catalyst for the rise of Norsefire.Due to the chaotic state of the world outside of the United Kingdom, the party gained power by promising order and security among the population. However, while the Norsefire regime did indeed bring order back to the country, this order came at a cost. Political opponents, Jews, blacks, Asians, Arabs, homosexuals, ethnic Irish, Italians and people of non-Christian faith were rounded up and sent to concentration camps. With their potential enemies all removed within a short space of time, Norsefire began consolidating their power over the country.

In public, the party portrays itself as a Christian fascist party supportive of the Anglican communion. In private, the party leaders are apathetic on the subject, and allowed higher-ranking members to not follow Christian morality or Christianity in private as long as it did not threaten the party's power. For instance, propagandist Lewis Prothero takes illicit drugs, Bishop Lilliman has relations with children, and three Fingermen attempt to rape Evey Hammond when they apprehend her. The head of the party, Leader Adam Susan, actually worships Fate, the super-computer surveillance system that surveys the nation, and considers himself and his creation God. While this is not explored in the film, both novel and film imply that Susan/Sutler is not a fervent Christian so much as a person who values security and order, which he maintains by eliminating political opponents and cultural minorities. Similarly, the Islamophobia that Norsefire exhibits in the film is likely not the result of a hatred of Islam so much as a consequence of their perception of Muslims as terrorists, as well as that many Muslims are Arabs and thus violate Norsefire’s standards for racial purity. The Norsefire party is loosely based on Nazi Party and the private religious views of Adolf Hitler.

Rosa 'Violet Carson'

Violet Carson is a salmon-pink rose cultivar, an uncommon hybrid of the red hybrid tea 'Mme Léon Cuny' (Gaujard, 1955) and the orange floribunda 'Spartan' (Boerner, 1955), created by Samuel McGredy IV between 1963 and 1964.

It was named after the English actress Violet Carson (1898–1983), who played Ena Sharples in the British soap opera Coronation Street.The dense semi-double flowers reach an average diameter of 8 centimetres (3.1 in) with up to 35 petals, and appear in loose clusters of 3 to 15 in flushes throughout the season. They have a mild to strong, sweet musk fragrance and an elegant bloom form with outer petals that bend decoratively outwards. Their colour ranges from a blush to strong pink with a cream center and a reverse described as lemony or silvery in young flowers that changes to pink and white in mature petals.The compact, bushy shrub grows 0.75 to 1.5 meters (2.5 to 5 feet) high and about 1 metre (3.3 ft) wide. The young shoots are crimson with reddish purple new foliage that turns to a glossy slightly blue dark green. 'Violet Carson' is (almost) thornless, rain tolerant, and winter hardy down to −23 °C (USDA zone 6).The flower has been notably featured in the graphic novel V for Vendetta, but in the movie version, is renamed to the fictitious "Scarlet Carson" which Ruth grows for her partner (Valerie) and V grows during his imprisonment in the Larkhill Resettlement Camp. They were portrayed in the film by red 'Grand Prix' roses.

The Mindscape of Alan Moore

The Mindscape of Alan Moore is a 2003 documentary film which chronicles the life and work of Alan Moore, author of several acclaimed graphic novels, including From Hell, Watchmen and V for Vendetta.The Mindscape of Alan Moore is Shadowsnake’s first completed feature project, part One of the Shamanautical / 5 Elements series. It is the directorial debut of DeZ Vylenz. It is the only feature film production on which Alan Moore has collaborated, with permission to use his work.

This feature was shot on film, in colour, and is 78 minutes in length.

The Wachowskis

Lana Wachowski (born June 21, 1965) and Lilly Wachowski (born December 29, 1967) are American film and TV directors, writers, and producers. They are sisters, and both are trans women. Collectively known as The Wachowskis (), they have worked as a writing and directing team through most of their professional film careers.They made their directing debut in 1996 with Bound, and achieved fame with their second film The Matrix (1999), a major box office success for which they won the Saturn Award for Best Director. They wrote and directed its two sequels: The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions (both in 2003), and were involved in the writing and production of other works in that franchise.

Following the commercial success of The Matrix series, they wrote and produced the 2005 film V for Vendetta (an adaptation of the graphic novel by Alan Moore), and in 2008 released the film Speed Racer, a live-action adaptation of the Japanese anime series. Their next film, Cloud Atlas, based on the novel by David Mitchell and co-written and co-directed by Tom Tykwer, was released in 2012. Their film Jupiter Ascending and the Netflix series Sense8, which they co-created with J. Michael Straczynski, both debuted in 2015; the second season of Sense8 in 2016 was Lana's first major creative undertaking without Lilly, who took a break for it.

V (character)

V is the title character of the comic book series V for Vendetta, created by Alan Moore and David Lloyd. He is a mysterious anarchist, vigilante, and freedom fighter who is easily recognizable by his Guy Fawkes mask, long hair and dark clothing. He strives to topple a totalitarian government of a dystopian United Kingdom through acts of heroism. According to Moore, he was designed to be morally ambiguous, so that readers could decide for themselves whether he was a hero fighting for a cause or simply insane.V made his live action debut in the 2005 film V for Vendetta, portrayed by Hugo Weaving.

V for Vendetta (film)

V for Vendetta is a 2005 dystopian political thriller film directed by James McTeigue and written by The Wachowskis, based on the 1988 DC/Vertigo Comics limited series of the same name by Alan Moore and David Lloyd. The film is set in an alternative future where a Nordic supremacist and neo-fascist regime has subjugated the United Kingdom. Hugo Weaving portrays V, an anarchist freedom fighter who attempts to ignite a revolution through elaborate terrorist acts, and Natalie Portman plays Evey, a young, working-class woman caught up in V's mission, while Stephen Rea portrays the detective leading a desperate quest to stop V.

The film was originally scheduled for release by Warner Bros. on Friday, November 4, 2005, (a day before the 400th Guy Fawkes Night), but was delayed; it opened on March 17, 2006, to positive reviews. Alan Moore, having been dissatisfied with the film adaptations of his other works From Hell (2001) and The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen (2003), declined to watch the film and asked not to be credited or paid royalties.

V for Vendetta has been seen by many political groups as an allegory of oppression by government; libertarians and anarchists have used it to promote their beliefs. David Lloyd stated: "The Guy Fawkes mask has now become a common brand and a convenient placard to use in protest against tyranny – and I'm happy with people using it, it seems quite unique, an icon of popular culture being used this way."

Warrior (comics)

Warrior was a British comics anthology that ran for 26 issues between March 1982 and January 1985. It was edited by Dez Skinn and published by his company Quality Communications. It featured early work by comics writer Alan Moore, including V for Vendetta and Marvelman.

This series of 26 issues in the 1980s was essentially a Volume #2; Skinn had edited/published #s 1-6 of a b&w fanzine version of Warrior (full title: Warrior: Heroic Tales Of Swords And Sorcery) in 1974-75, with reprint and new strips, art and writing from Steve Parkhouse, Dave Gibbons [designed logo], Michael Moorcock, Frank Bellamy, Don Lawrence, Barry Windsor-Smith, et al.Rivalling 2000 AD, Warrior won 17 Eagle Awards during its short run. Because of thorough distribution and its format, it was one of the comic books in the British market that relied little upon distribution through then format-driven specialist shops and expensive subscriptions for its sales base.

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