Uxbridge, Massachusetts

Uxbridge is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts first settled in 1662 and incorporated in 1727. It was originally part of the town of Mendon, and named for the Earl of Uxbridge. The town (population 14,137, 2017 estimate)[1] is located 36 mi (58 km) southwest of Boston[2] and 15 mi (24 km) south-southeast of Worcester, at the midpoint of the Blackstone Valley National Historic Park. Uxbridge was a prominent Textile center in the American Industrial Revolution. Two local Quakers served as national leaders in the American anti-slavery movement. Uxbridge "weaves a tapestry of early America".[3]

Indigenous Nipmuc people near "Wacentug" (river bend), deeded land to 17th-century settlers. Uxbridge reportedly granted rights to America's first colonial woman voter, Lydia Taft, and approved Massachusetts first women jurors. The first hospital for mental illness in America was reportedly established here.[4][5] Deborah Sampson posed as an Uxbridge soldier, and fought in the American Revolution. A 140-year legacy of manufacturing military uniforms and clothing began with 1820 power looms. Uxbridge became famous for woolen cashmeres. "Uxbridge Blue", was the first US Air Force Dress Uniform.[6] BJ's Wholesale Club distribution warehouse is a major employer today.

Uxbridge
Congregational Church and Civil War Memorial
Congregational Church and Civil War Memorial
Flag of Uxbridge

Flag
Official seal of Uxbridge

Seal
Nickname(s): 
"A Crossroads Village"
Motto(s): 
"Weaving a Tapestry of Early America"
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Coordinates: 42°04′38″N 71°37′48″W / 42.07722°N 71.63000°WCoordinates: 42°04′38″N 71°37′48″W / 42.07722°N 71.63000°W
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyWorcester
Settled1662
Incorporated1727
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
 • Chair, Board of SelectmenBrian Butler
 • Vice Chair-Clerk, Board of SelectmenJeff Shaw
 • SelectmenStephen Mandile, Susan Franz, Brain Plasko
Area
 • Total30.4 sq mi (78.7 km2)
 • Land29.5 sq mi (76.5 km2)
 • Water0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
Elevation
270 ft (82 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total14,137 (estimate)
 • Density442.66/sq mi (170.77/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
01569
Area code(s)508 / 774
FIPS code25-71620
GNIS feature ID0618387
Websitehttp://www.uxbridge-ma.gov/

History

Colonial era, Revolution, Quakers, and abolition

John Eliot started Nipmuc Praying Indian villages.[7][8][9] "Wacentug" natives sold land to settlers in 1662,[10] "for 24 pound Ster".[10][10][11] Mendon began in 1667, and burned in King Phillips War. Western Mendon became Uxbridge in 1727, and Farnum House held the first town meeting.[12] Nathan Webb's church was the colony's first new Congregational church in the Great Awakening.[13] Lydia Taft reportedly voted in the 1756 town meeting, considered as a first for colonial women.[14]

Seth and Joseph Read and Simeon Wheelock joined Committees of Correspondence.[15] Baxter Hall was a Minuteman drummer.[16] Seth Read fought at Bunker Hill. Washington stopped at Reed's tavern, en route to command the Continental Army.[17][18] Samuel Spring was one of the first chaplains of the American Revolution.[19] Deborah Sampson enlisted as "Robert Shurtlieff of Uxbridge".[20] Shays' Rebellion also began here, and Governor John Hancock quelled Uxbridge riots.[21][22] Simeon Wheelock died protecting the Springfield Armory.[23] Seth Reed was instrumental in adding "E pluribus unum" to U.S. coins.[24][25][26] Washington slept here on his Inaugural tour.[27][28]

Jacob Aldrich House, National Historic Site, Uxbridge, MA
Jacob Aldrich House; Quaker style house

Quakers including Richard Mowry migrated here from Smithfield, Rhode Island, and built mills, railroads, houses, tools and Conestoga wagon wheels.[23][29][30] Southwick's store housed the Social and Instructive Library. Friends Meetinghouse, next to Moses Farnum's farm, had prominent abolitionists Abby Kelley Foster and Effingham Capron as members.[31][32][33][34] Capron led the 450 member local anti-slavery society. Brister Pierce, formerly a slave in Uxbridge, was a signer of an 1835 petition to Congress demanding abolition of slavery and the slave trade in the District of Columbia.[35]

Early transportation, education, public health and safety

The Tafts built the Middle Post Road's Blackstone River bridge in 1709.[36] "Teamsters" drove horse "team" freight wagons on the Worcester-Providence stage route. The Blackstone Canal brought horse-drawn barges to Providence through Uxbridge for overnight stops.[10][37][38] The "crossroads village" was a junction on the Underground Railroad.[39] The P&W Railroad ended canal traffic in 1848.

A 1732 vote "set up a school for ye town of Uxbridge".[10] A grammar school was followed by 13 one-room district school houses, built for $2000 in 1797. Uxbridge Academy (1818) became a prestigious New England prep school.

Uxbridge voted against the smallpox vaccine.[14] Samuel Willard treated smallpox victims,[40] was a forerunner of modern psychiatry, and ran the first hospital for mental illness in America.[4][5] Vital records recorded many infant deaths,[17] the smallpox death of Selectman Joseph Richardson, "Quincy", "dysentary", and tuberculosis deaths.[17][23] Leonard White recorded a malaria outbreak here in 1896 that led to[41] firsts in the control of malaria as a mosquito-borne infection.[41] Uxbridge led Massachusetts in robberies for a quarter of the year in 1922, and the town voted to hire its first nighttime police patrolman.[42]

Industrial era: 19th century to late 20th century

Bog iron and three iron forges marked the colonial era, with the inception of large-scale industries beginning around 1775.[43] Examples of this development can be seen in the work of Richard Mowry, who built and marketed equipment to manufacture woolen, linen, or cotton cloth,[3][44] and gristmills, sawmills, distilleries, and large industries.[7] Daniel Day built the first woolen mill in 1809.[10][14] By 1855, 560 local workers made 2,500,000 yards (2,300,000 m) of cloth (14,204 miles (22,859 km)).[43][7] Uxbridge reached a peak of twenty different industrial mills.[7][23]A small silver vein at Scadden, in southwest Uxbridge, led to unsuccessful commercial mining in the 1830s.[45]

2 Capron Street, Uxbridge
Charles Capron House, 2 Capron Street. The Capron family was prominent in the Industrial era at Uxbridge Center where Capron Mill is located.

Innovations included power looms, vertical integration of wool to clothing, cashmere wool-synthetic blends, "wash and wear", yarn spinning techniques, and latch hook kits. Villages included mills, shops, worker housing, and farms. Wm. Arnold's Ironstone cotton mill, later made Kentucky Blue Jeans,[23] and Seth Read's gristmill, later housed Bay State Arms. Hecla and Wheelockville housed American Woolen, Waucantuck Mill, Hilena Lowell's shoe factory, and Draper Corporation. Daniel Day, Jerry Wheelock, and Luke Taft used water-powered mills. Moses Taft's (Central Woolen) operated continuously making Civil War cloth.[23][46]

North Uxbridge housed Clapp's 1810 cotton mill, Chandler Taft's and Richard Sayles' Rivulet Mill, the granite quarry, and Rogerson's village. Crown and Eagle Mill was "a masterpiece of early industrial architecture".[47] Blanchard's granite quarry provided curb stones to New York City and regional public works projects.[7][23][48] Peter Rawson Taft's grandson, William Howard Taft, visited Samuel Taft House.[49]

John Sr., Effingham and John W. Capron's mill pioneered US satinets and woolen power looms.[7][10][43][50] Charles A. Root, Edward Bachman, and Harold Walter expanded Bachman-Uxbridge, and exhibited leadership in women's fashion.[51] The company manufactured US Army uniforms for the Civil War, World War I, World War II, the nurse corps, and the first Air Force dress uniforms, dubbed "Uxbridge Blue".[23][52] Time magazine covered Uxbridge Worsted's proposed a buyout to be the top US woolen company.[53] The largest plant of one of the largest US yarn companies, Bernat Yarn, was located here from the 1960s to the 1980s. A historic company called Information Services operated from Uxbridge, and managed subscription services for The New Republic, among other publications, in the later 20th century.

Late 20th century to present

State and national parks developed around mills and rivers were restored.[54] The Great Gatsby (1974) and Oliver's Story (1978) were filmed locally including at Stanley Woolen Mill. The Blackstone Valley National Historic Park[55] contains the 1,000-acre (4.0 km2)Blackstone Canal Heritage State Park,[56] 9 miles (14 km) of the Blackstone River Greenway,[57] the Southern New England Trunkline Trail, West Hill Dam, a 567-acre wildlife refuge,[58] parcels of the Metacomet Land Trust,[59] and Cormier Woods. 60 Federalist homes[23] were added to 54 national and 375 state-listed historic sites, including Georgian Elmshade (where War Secretary Alphonso Taft had recounted local family history at a famous reunion).[60][61] Capron's wooden mill survived a 2007 fire at the Bernat Mill.[62] Stanley mill is being restored while Waucantuck Mill was mostly razed. In 2013 multiple fires again affected the town, including a historic bank building and a Quaker home from the early 1800s. See National historic sites.

Notable people

Government

County-level state agency heads
Clerk of Courts: Dennis P. McManus (D)
District Attorney: Joe Early Jr. (D)
Register of Deeds: Katie Toomey (D)
Register of Probate: Stephanie Fattman (R)
County Sheriff: Lew Evangelidis (R)
State government
State Representative(s): Kevin J. Kuros (R))
State Senator(s): Ryan Fattman (R)
Governor's Councilor(s): Jen Caissie (R)
Federal government
U.S. Representative(s): James P. McGovern (D-2nd Dist.)
U.S. Senators: Elizabeth Warren (D), Ed Markey (D)

Uxbridge has a Board of Selectmen and town meeting government, with officials listed in the top infobox:[71]

Local government granted the first woman in America the right to vote,[14] nixed a smallpox vaccine in 1775,[14] and defied the Massachusetts Secretary of State by approving women jurors.[72] The 2009 Board of Health made Uxbridge the third community in the US to ban tobacco sales in pharmacies, but later reversed this.[73]

State agencies control county elected offices (see info box). In fact, Uxbridge has a District Courthouse.

Geography

The town is 30.4 square miles (79 km2), of which 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), or 2.73%, is water. It is situated 39.77 miles (64.00 km) southwest of Boston, 16 miles (26 km) southeast of Worcester, and 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Providence. Elevations range from 200 feet (61 m) to 577 feet (176 m) above sea level. It borders Douglas, Mendon, Millville, Northbridge, and Sutton, Massachusetts, plus the Rhode Island towns of Burrillville and North Smithfield.

Adjacent cities and towns

Climate

A USDA hardiness zone 5 continental climate prevails with snowfall extremes from October (rare), to May. The highest recorded temperature was 104 F, in July 1975, and the lowest, -25 F in January 1957.[74]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18502,457—    
18603,133+27.5%
18703,058−2.4%
18803,111+1.7%
18903,408+9.5%
19003,599+5.6%
19104,671+29.8%
19205,384+15.3%
19306,285+16.7%
19406,417+2.1%
19507,007+9.2%
19607,789+11.2%
19708,253+6.0%
19808,374+1.5%
199010,415+24.4%
200011,156+7.1%
201013,457+20.6%
201513,892+3.2%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[75][76][77][78][79][80][81][82][83][84]

The 2010 United States Census[85] population was 13,457, representing a growth rate of 20.6%, with 5,056 households, a density rate of 166.31 units per square mile. 95.7% were White, 1.7% Asian, 0.90% Hispanic, 0.3% African American, and 1.4% other. Population density was 442.66 people/ mile2 (170.77/km²). Per capita income was $24,540, and 4.7% fell below the poverty line. There were 9,959 registered voters in 2010.

Economy

High tech, services, distribution, life sciences, hospitality, local government, education and tourism offer local jobs. A 618,000 square feet (57,400 m2) distribution center serves Fortune 500 BJ's Wholesale Club's, northern division. Unemployment was 3.9%, lower than the state average .[86]

Education

Local schools include the Earl D. Taft Early Learning Center (Pre-K-3), Whitin Intermediate School (4-7), Uxbridge High School (8-12), and Our Lady of the Valley Regional.

Uxbridge is also a member of one of the thirteen towns of the Blackstone Valley Regional Vocational School District. Uxbridge students in eighth grade have the opportunity to apply to Blackstone Valley Regional Vocational Technical High School, serving grades 9-12.

The New York Times called Uxbridge education reforms a "little revolution" to meet family needs.[87]

Healthcare

Tri-River Family Health Center (UMass Medical) offers primary care. Milford Regional, Landmark M/C, hospices and long term care are nearby, or local.

Transportation

Rail

The nearest MBTA Commuter Rail stops are Forge Park/495 on the Franklin Line and Grafton and Worcester on the Framingham/Worcester Line, 15 miles away. The Northeast Corridor Providence Amtrak station has trains with top speeds of 150 MPH. The Providence and Worcester Railroad freight line passes two former local stations.

Highways

MA Route 146.svg Route 146[88] links Worcester, I-290.svg I-290, and I-90.svg I-90 to Providence at I-95.svg I-95 and I-295.svg I-295. MA Route 16.svg Route 16 links to Connecticut via I-395.svg I-395, and Boston, by I-495.svg I-495. MA Route 122.svg Route 122 connects Northbridge and Woonsocket. MA Route 146A.svg Route 146A goes into North Smithfield. MA Route 98.svg Route 98 leads to Burrillville.

Airports

TF Green State Airport Warwick-Providence, RI, Worcester airport, and Boston Logan International Airport have commercial flights. Hopedale Airport, 7.2 miles (11.6 km) away, and Worcester airport have general aviation. A private air strip, Sky Glen Airport on Quaker Highway, is still listed on FAA sites, though the map location shows it within a dense industrial park, and at its peak of operations, it saw very low traffic.[89]

Points of interest

Photos

Taft Brothers Block Uxbridge MA front view

Taft Brothers Block, prominently located in the town center at the corner of Mendon and Main Streets. It is a three-story brick structure with modest Late Victorian stylistic embellishments.

Nipmuck Dancing

Nipmuck Dancing in the Blackstone Valley; The original Town of Mendon, MA was purchased from the Nipmuck in 1662 as Squinshepauk Plantation. Nipmuck are the indigenous people of Worcester County, Northeastern Connecticut, and northwest Rhode Island.

John Farnum House

Coronet John Farnum Jr. House, 1710, houses Uxbridge Historical Society, held first town meeting in 1727

First Evangelical Congregational Church, Uxbridge MA

Nathan Webb's church (1731), first new Congregational Church in Massachusetts, First Great Awakening Period. This building was built after the church's establishment in 1727, but the Congregation's original church was the first new church in that period.

Rev. Samuel Spring, Sr., portrait

Portrait, Rev. Samuel Spring, Old South Church, Newburyport; (1746–1819), early American Revolutionary War chaplain, Congregationalist minister, founder of Andover (now Newton-Andover) Theological Seminary and Massachusetts Missionary Society. Uxbridge native, tutored by Rev Nathan Webb

Reed-SethReed-524

Lt. Colonel Seth Read, born in 1746, fought at Bunker Hill, added "E pluribus unum" to coins, and founded Erie, Pennsylvania, and early settlement at Geneva, New York.

SethReadHouseUxbridge

Seth Read House Uxbridge, Massachusetts, built circa 1767 at corner of present-day Mendon Street, and North Main Street before the railroad was built.

Simeon Wheelock House Uxbridge MA winter

Lt. Simeon Wheelock House (1768), Deborah Wheelock Chapter, D.A.R. Lt. Wheelock, who was born in 1741, died in Shays' Rebellion in 1786, while on duty protecting the Springfield Armory. Shays' Rebellion had opening salvos in Uxbridge.

DeborahSampson

Deborah Sampson, a woman posing as a male soldier, enlisted in the Continental Army at Bellingham as "Robert Shurtlieff of Uxbridge". A minister kept her secret, and she was later honored as a heroine by the Massachusetts legislature.

Aaron Taft House, Uxbridge, MA

Aaron Taft House, Hazel St. was the birthplace of Peter Rawson Taft in 1785, grandfather of President William Howard Taft.

Samuel Taft House, Natonal Historic Site, Uxbridge, MA

Samuel Taft House hosted President George Washington on the President's post-inaugural tour and hosted President William Howard Taft in 1910.

FreindsmeetinghouseUxbridgeMA 040

Friends Meeting House (1770), Quaker Highway at Route 98, Uxbridge, MA. Abolitionist Quakers with ties to Moses Brown first resettled here from Rhode Island. At least two of its members became key leaders in the national anti-slavery movement—Abby Kelley Foster and Effingham Capron.

Abby Kelley Foster with signature

Abby Kelley Foster, a member of the Uxbridge Friend's Meeting, led Susan B. Anthony and Lucy Stone to abolitionism. She became the foremost lecturer and fundraiser for the American anti-slavery society of which fellow Quaker meetinghouse member Effingham Capron became Vice President.

OneRoomSchoolhouseIronstone 036

The town of Uxbridge built 13 district schoolhouses in 1797. The South Uxbridge schoolhouse today houses the south Uxbridge community association at the historic site of Ironstone, Massachusetts.

Jacob Aldrich House, National Historic Site, Uxbridge, MA

Jacob Aldrich house typifies the early Quaker houses at Quaker City, and South Uxbridge.

Solomon's Temple Lodge Uxbridge MA

Uxbridge Academy & Masonic Lodge. Uxbridge Academy was a sought after New England Prep School from 1818

Daniel Day Mill, aka Scott's Mill, Uxbridge, MA, circa 1809

Site of the Daniel Day Mill, 1809. Daniel Day started the first woolen mill in the Blackstone Valley later also known as "Scott's Mill", the current factory recently housed Berrocoo Inc., extending a 200-year family enterprise, now a prominent yarn company..

Rivulet Mill Complex, 1814, North Uxbridge, MA

Rivulet Mill Complex, 1814, North Uxbridge, The original mill was built by Chandler Taft, and later owned by Richard Sayles.

Richard Sayles House, Uxbridge, MA

Richard Sayles House is a historic home built by Richard Sayles who owned the Rivulet Mill. Located at 80 Mendon Street.

JohnandEffinghamCapronMill 195

The Capron Mill, 1820, built by John Capron Sr. and his sons Effingham, and John, circa 1820 manufactured the first satinets, used the first power looms for woolens in America, and made US military uniforms for over 140 years, including the first US Air Force dress uniform, "Uxbridge 1683", aka Uxbridge Blue.

2 Capron Street, Uxbridge

Charles Capron House, 2 Capron Street. The Capron family was prominent in the industrial era.

Crown&EagleMillUxbridge 101

Crown & Eagle Mill, built in 1824 by Robert Rogerson, a son of British immigrants, and a musician, it is considered a masterpiece of early American Industrial architecture, today the heart of Rogerson's Village Historic District.

Larkin Building, Uxbridge, MA

The Company Store at Rogerson's Village, now known as the Larkin Building

Rogersons Village Housing, Uxbridge, MA

Rogersons Village mill worker housing, Rhode Island System of mill villages

JRichardson House, Uxbridge, MA

Joseph Richardson House, on the national historic register, Joseph Richardson was a Selectman, and landowner in South Uxbridge, who died of smallpox in 1825.

Stanley Woolen Mill Uxbridge MA reflected in Blackstone canal

Stanley Woolen Mill, 1852, built by Moses Taft, with view of the Blackstone Canal, was the scene for two movies, The Great Gatsby, 1974, and Oliver's Story, 1978. In 1989, it had been the longest continuously operating family-owned mill in the US. This mill ran 24/7 making Civil War blue woolen cloth for military uniforms.

Canal-uxbridgeMA

Canoes on the Blackstone Canal. The Blackstone Canal was built starting in 1824 and provided early freight transport by horse pulled barges from Uxbridge and Worcester, to the port of Providence and returns. Uxbridge was the overnight stopping point, and had close mercantile ties to Providence.

Stone Arch Bridge on Hartford Ave, Uxbridge MA

The Taft brothers built the first bridge across the Blackstone River in 1709. This stone arch bridge is a familiar scene walking northward at the Blackstone Canal Heritage State Park.

River Bend Farm, Blackstone River and Canal Heritage State Park RBFVC

River Bend Farm Interpretive Center at Blacktone River and Canal Heritage State Park

Ezra Taft Benson (1811)

Ezra Taft Benson (1811–1869) ran a hotel in Uxbridge, married two sisters from Northbridge, LDS Apostle, Missionary to the Hawaiian Islands, and Utah Territorial Legislator

Arthur macarthur sr

Arthur MacArthur Sr., born to Scottish nobility, grew up in Uxbridge, circa 1828, became Wisconsin's 4th Governor for a brief period, and its Lt. Governor, and served as Chief Justice, of the US DC District Court. He was the Grandfather of General Douglas MacArthur

Unitarian Church-Uxbridge

Unitarian Church at Uxbridge where Judge Henry Chapin, three term Worcester Mayor, delivered a famous 1864 published historical address. Judge Chapin was as a prominent Unitarian Church leader in Massachusetts. This church was prominent in the Industrial period of this community.

Honorable Henry Chapin, Three term mayor of Worcester, Massachusetts

Judge Henry Chapin, 2nd Mayor of Worcester, 1849–1851), three term Mayor, Chief Judge, and Practicing Attorney who lived in Uxbridge, and delivered a famous historical address to the Uxbridge Unitarian Church in 1864 recording the account of America's First Woman Voter, Lydia Taft

Effingham Capron Park, Uxbridge, MA

Effingham Capron (1791–1859) was a national, state and local anti-slavery champion. He and his brother John Capron Jr. and their father, ran the Capron Mill at Uxbridge. The historic park commemorates the contributions of Effingham Capron here and to the USA.

Franklin Bartlett

Franklin Bartlett was a US Congressman from New York from 1893–1897. He fought in the Spanish–American War and his brother Willard Bartlett was Chief Justice of the New York Court of Appeals.

Wheelockak

Arthur K. Wheelock Jr., National Gallery Curator Northern Baroque Art, grew up in Uxbridge family which had started and operated multiple mils for 200 years. A descendent of Rev. Ralph Wheelock who pioneered public education in America.

Brian Skerry

Brian Skerry, At Boston University, 2011, born 1962, Underwater Photographer, With National Geographic, Sounding the Alarm for Global Sealife.

UxbridgeHigh, MA

Uxbridge High School, Quaker Highway, S. Uxbridge, MA, built 2012.

Uxbridge Free Public Library

Uxbridge Free Public Library. The Thayer Family donated the local public library which is located in the Uxbridge Common Historic District.

C.R. Thomson House and Barn

C.R. Thomson House and Barn, today a golf course with banquet facilities, located at Chockalog Rd. in SW Uxbridge.

Granite Store - Uxbridge, Massachusetts - DSC02858

Once a department store in the mid 1800s, The Granite Store is located on Hecla Street in Uxbridge.

Uxbiridge, MA looking south on Route 122, October 26, 2012

Fall Scene Downtown Uxbridge, October 2012 looking south on MA route 122 before Hurricane Sandy and when an historic old bank building was still standing in the left background down the street.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://massachusetts.hometownlocator.com/counties/subdivisions/data,n,town%20of%20uxbridge,id,2502771620,cfips,027.cfm
  2. ^ North Uxbridge (Worcester County, Massachusetts [MA]): Around the Neighborhood
  3. ^ a b "Uxbridge Walking Tour, NPS brochure" (PDF). NPS.gov. Retrieved January 1, 2011.
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  5. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved January 4, 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Digital Treasures, Samuel Willard ran a "hospital for the insane", and trained young physicians, east side of Uxbridge Common (no longer standing)
  6. ^ Business: Time Clock, Time Magazine, March 29, 1954
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  15. ^ a b Buford, Mary Hunter (1895). Seth Read, Lieut.-Col.Continental Army; Pioneer at Geneva, New York, 1787, and at Erie, Penn., June, 1795. His Ancestors and Descendants. Boston, Mass. pp. 167 pages on CD in PDF Format.
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  20. ^ "DEBORAH SAMPSON.; How She Served as a Soldier in the Revolution − Her Sex Unknown to the Army.*" (PDF). New York Times. October 8, 1898. Retrieved October 31, 2007.
  21. ^ "Quelling the opening salvos of Shay's rebellion". alexautographs.com. Archived from the original on August 12, 2007. Retrieved November 10, 2007.
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  26. ^ Preble, George Henry (1879). Origin and History of the American Flag and of the Naval and Yacht Club Signals, Seals and Arms, and of the Principal National Songs of the United States; Volume II. Philadelphia: Brown. pp. 695–696.
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  35. ^ http://cummingtonhistoricalcommission.weebly.com/cummington-antislavery-movement-finding-aid.html | Cummington, MA historical commission.
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  88. ^ http://www.gribblenation.net/nepics/ma/146/ma146a-on146s.jpg
  89. ^ Sky Glen Airport
  90. ^ John C. Farnum House, Uxbridge Historical Society Museum, circa 1710
  91. ^ Lt. Simeon Wheelock House, Uxbridge common district, 1768
  92. ^ Friends meetinghouse, circa 1770
  93. ^ Taft House, 1789 inaugural tour visit of George Washington and 1910 visit of Uxbridge grandson, William Howard Taft
  94. ^ Crown and Eagle Cotton Mill, circa 1826
  95. ^ Stanley Woolen Mill, also once known as Central Woolen, Calumet, and Moses Taft Mill
  96. ^ National Park Service, valley sites: Millville & Uxbridge
  97. ^ Blackstone Canal at River Bend Farm
  98. ^ Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation park website
  99. ^ River Bend Farm and Canal, National Park Service brochure
  100. ^ recreation area
  101. ^ Walking tour of Uxbridge, National Park Service brochure

External links

Alice Bridges

Alice W. Bridges (July 19, 1916 – May 5, 2011), also known by her married name Alice Roche, was an American competition swimmer, who at age 20, represented the United States at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany. It first appeared that Bridges, who originally was a back-up contestant, had actually won her event. Several hours later the judges reversed their decision and gave the gold and silver to two women from the Netherlands, leaving the bronze for Bridges.

Bridges grew up in Uxbridge, Massachusetts. She and her twin sister learned to swim in a pond in Uxbridge, and she later trained at the Olympic pool in nearby Whitinsville, Massachusetts. When the sudden chance arose for her to participate, townspeople raised funds to pay for her travel to Berlin, which she otherwise could not have afforded.

Bank Building (Uxbridge, Massachusetts)

The Bank Building was a historic commercial building located at 40-44 South Street, in Uxbridge, Massachusetts. Until its destruction by fire in 2013, it was the best-preserved of Uxbridge's 19th century commercial buildings. It was built in 1895–96, and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.

Bazaleel Taft Jr. House and Law Office

The Bazaleel Taft Jr. House and Law Office are a historic house and law office building at 195 North Main Street in Uxbridge, Massachusetts. On November 7, 1983, they were listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The House and Law office reflect the Georgian Architecture Style.

Benjamin Adams (politician)

Benjamin Adams (December 16, 1764 – March 28, 1837) was an American lawyer and politician. Adams was born in Mendon, Massachusetts in 1764. Benjamin Adams grew up in Mendon, which was then a rural agricultural community. He was well educated by existing public schools in that community.

Blackstone River and Canal Heritage State Park

The Blackstone River and Canal Heritage State Park is a part of the state park system of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, managed by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR). This 1,000-acre (4.0 km2) park "recalls the role of canals in transporting raw materials and manufactured goods between emerging industrial centers." The Blackstone River and Canal Heritage State Park at Uxbridge, Massachusetts, is the midpoint of the Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor of the National Park System. The Blackstone River and Valley is where the industrial revolution was born in America. The southern entrance to this state park is the site of the historic Stanley Woolen Mill, currently being redeveloped for commercial and tourism. The Native American Nipmuc name for the village here was "Wacentug", translated as "bend in the river".

Chockalog River

The Chockalog River is a river in the U.S. states of Massachusetts and Rhode Island. It flows approximately 4 km (2 mi). Its name is said to mean "fox place".

Cormier Woods

Cormier Woods is a 175-acre (71 ha) open space preserve and historic 18th-century farm complex in Uxbridge, Massachusetts, USA, within the Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor. The property is named for James Cormier, the former owner of the property. It was acquired in 2008 by the land conservation non-profit organization The Trustees of Reservations.

The reservation includes 3 miles (4.8 km) of hiking trails, farmland, woodlots, wetlands, a farmhouse, barn and sheds. It is open to hiking, picnicing, cross country skiing and hunting (in season). The reservation trailhead is on Chapin Street in Uxbridge.

Deborah Sampson

Deborah Sampson Gannett (December 17, 1760 – April 29, 1827), better known as Deborah Samson or Deborah Sampson, was a Massachusetts woman who disguised herself as a man in order to serve in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. She is one of a small number of women with a documented record of military combat experience in that war. She served 17 months in the army under the name "Robert Shirtliff" (also spelled in various sources as Shirtliffe and Shurtleff) of Uxbridge, Massachusetts, was wounded in 1782, and was honorably discharged at West Point, New York, in 1783.

Ezra T. Benson

Ezra Taft Benson (February 22, 1811 – September 3, 1869) (commonly referred to as Ezra T. Benson to distinguish him from his great-grandson of the same name) was an apostle and a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).

Friends Meetinghouse (Uxbridge, Massachusetts)

The Friends Meetinghouse is an historic Friends Meeting House of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) located at the junction of Routes 146A (Quaker Highway) and 98 (Aldrich Street) in Uxbridge, Massachusetts. On January 24, 1974, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places.

Ironstone, Massachusetts

Ironstone is an historic village, (today known mainly as South Uxbridge), in the township of Uxbridge, Massachusetts, United States. It derived its name from plentiful bog iron found here which helped Uxbridge to become a center for three iron forges in the town's earliest settlement. South Uxbridge has historic sites, picturesque weddings, hospitality, industrial and distribution centers, and the new Uxbridge High School. This community borders North Smithfield, and Burrillville, Rhode Island, and Millville, Massachusetts. South Uxbridge receives municipal services from Uxbridge, for fire, police, EMS, School district, public works, and other services. There is a South Uxbridge fire station of the Uxbridge fire department. Worcester's Judicial District includes Uxbridge District Court. Ironstone appears on the Blackstone U.S. Geological Survey Map. Worcester County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5) and observes DST.

Linwood, Massachusetts

Linwood is a village with its own post office in the towns of Northbridge and Uxbridge, Massachusetts.

The zip code of the Linwood post office is 01525. As a village of both Uxbridge and Northbridge, Linwood has separate municipal services from Uxbridge or Northbridge, for fire, police, EMS, School district, public works, and other services, depending on the town (township) boundary. Worcester County, Massachusetts Sheriff, Lewis Evangelidis runs corrections, and court services from West Boylston, and Worcester District is the regional judicial jurisdiction. The Uxbridge district court serves surrounding towns. Linwood is closest to the villages of Whitinsville, MA, and North Uxbridge. The village of Linwood was predominantly settled by French Canadians, who historically worked in the local textile industry. The Whitin Cotton Mills at Linwood were the principal industry and are a good example of the industrial architecture of the 19th century.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Uxbridge, Massachusetts

Uxbridge, Massachusetts has 53 sites on the National Register of Historic Places.

The locations of National Register properties and districts (at least for all showing latitude and longitude coordinates below) may be seen in an online map by clicking on "Map of all coordinates".

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted June 14, 2019.

North Uxbridge, Massachusetts

North Uxbridge is a village and a post office in the town (township) of Uxbridge in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The postal zip code is 01538. It is classified as a community or populated place (Class Code U6) located at latitude 42.088 and longitude -71.641 and the elevation is 266 feet (81 m). North Uxbridge appears on the Uxbridge U.S. Geological Survey Map. Worcester County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5) and observes DST. North Uxbridge is located about 36 miles WSW of Boston, and 15 miles SE of Worcester. The town meeting in 1885 set aside North Uxbridge as a "special district", since its population had exceeded 1000 people. North Uxbridge appeared to be a separate Census tract in the 1960 census with a population of 1882. In 2013, an Uxbridge DIY show, The Garage, with Steve Butler, went worldwide from Steve's garage in North Uxbridge.

Phineas Bruce

Hon. Phineas Bruce (June 7, 1762 – October 4, 1809) was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts who was unable to serve in the U.S. Congress due to his declining health.

Uxbridge High School (Massachusetts)

Uxbridge High School (UHS) is the only high school in Uxbridge, Massachusetts. The school is a part of Uxbridge Public Schools. A new high school opened in 2012 at 300 Quaker Highway.

West Hill Dam

West Hill Dam Reserve is a United States Army Corps of Engineers flood control project with a recreational park and wildlife management area located at Uxbridge, Massachusetts. The West Hill Dam Project was completed in 1960. It is located on the West River, one of the branches of the Blackstone River which flows from Worcester, MA to Providence, RI. The West River originates in Grafton, Massachusetts, at Cider Mill Pond and Silver Lake, near Upton, Massachusetts, and the Upton State Forest. The dam is unusual in that it isn't filled unless there is a flood.

West Hill Dam was built after devastating floods during the 1950s; it is intended to protect the Blackstone Valley from future destructive flooding. The cities and towns downriver from Uxbridge, including Millville, Blackstone, Woonsocket, North Smithfield, Cumberland, Lincoln, Central Falls, Pawtucket and Providence, Rhode Island, suffered extensive flooding from the Blackstone during Hurricane Diane in 1955. Hurricane Donna tested this new dam in 1960 as the eyewall passed over.

The West Hill Dam is located in the Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor near the Blackstone River and Canal Heritage State Park. Park rangers provide visitor assistance and offer scheduled interpretative programs. Fishing, hunting, and wildlife viewing opportunities are available year-round. The park has a recreation area, 34 picnic sites, one playground, a swimming area and five miles of hiking trails.

West Hill Dam (where the Army Corps project is based) is also the field office for the Charles River Natural Valley Storage Area. It consists of scattered wetlands in the upper and middle Charles River watershed, between the towns of Bellingham and Needham. The wetlands provide flood storage area, fisheries, wildlife management, and recreation. The Charles River is the well-known watercourse that flows into Boston Harbor.

West River (Massachusetts)

The West River, in the US state of Massachusetts, is a 13.4-mile-long (21.6 km) tributary of the Blackstone River.

Wheelockville, Massachusetts

Wheelockville is a village in the town (township) of Uxbridge, Massachusetts, United States. Part of the village centering on Mendon and Henry streets is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Wheelockville Historic District. Wheelockville appears on the Blackstone U.S. Geological Survey Map. The Village receives municipal services from Uxbridge, for fire, police, EMS, School district, public works, and other services. Worcester's Judicial District includes Uxbridge District Court. The geography of Wheelockville includes several other distinct mill villages, including: Hecla and Elmdale.

Places adjacent to Uxbridge, Massachusetts
Climate data for Uxbridge, Massachusetts
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 37
(3)
40
(4)
49
(9)
59
(15)
70
(21)
79
(26)
84
(29)
82
(28)
75
(24)
64
(18)
53
(12)
42
(6)
61
(16)
Average low °F (°C) 13
(−11)
16
(−9)
27
(−3)
37
(3)
47
(8)
55
(13)
60
(16)
59
(15)
49
(9)
37
(3)
30
(−1)
20
(−7)
38
(3)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.6
(91)
3.3
(84)
4.1
(100)
3.9
(99)
4.3
(110)
3.6
(91)
3.7
(94)
4.1
(100)
4.1
(100)
4.1
(100)
4.5
(110)
4.0
(100)
47.3
(1,200)
Source: Weather.com[74]
Municipalities and communities of Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States
Cities
Towns
CDPs
Other
villages
Ghost town
Indian reservations
Counties
Major cities
Cities and towns
100k-250k
Cities and towns
25k-100k
Cities and towns
10k-25k
Sub-regions

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