Utersum

Utersum (Fering North Frisian: Ödersem, Danish: Yttersum) is a municipality on the island of Föhr, in the district of Nordfriesland, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. The municipality includes the hamlet of Hedehusum.

Utersum
Ödersem / Yttersum
A thatched house in Utersum
A thatched house in Utersum
Location of Utersum
Ödersem / Yttersum within Nordfriesland district
Utersum in NF
Utersum Ödersem / Yttersum is located in Germany
Utersum Ödersem / Yttersum
Utersum
Ödersem / Yttersum
Utersum Ödersem / Yttersum is located in Schleswig-Holstein
Utersum Ödersem / Yttersum
Utersum
Ödersem / Yttersum
Coordinates: 54°43′N 8°24′E / 54.717°N 8.400°ECoordinates: 54°43′N 8°24′E / 54.717°N 8.400°E
CountryGermany
StateSchleswig-Holstein
DistrictNordfriesland
Municipal assoc.Föhr-Amrum
Government
 • MayorGöntje Schwab
Area
 • Total5.26 km2 (2.03 sq mi)
Elevation
3 m (10 ft)
Population
 (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total407
 • Density77/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
25938
Dialling codes04683
Vehicle registrationNF
Websitewww.utersum.de

Geography

Strand von Utersum bei Ebbe
The beach at Utersum during low tide with a view at the northern headland of Amrum

The village is located between pine woods and dunes in the utmost southwest of Föhr, within the sight of the neighbouring islands of Amrum and Sylt. It is the smallest seaside resort on Föhr. In Utersum there is a sanitorium that specialises in diseases of the lung and in oncology and gynecology.

In the lowlands along the river Godel, plants like salicornia and sea aster can be found. They thrive on salt marshes whose salt content is determined by abundant floodings with sea water. Sea birds like the pied avocet use to hatch there.

A bus service links the place to the other villages on Föhr and to the town of Wyk.

History

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1667239—    
1678251+5.0%
1689265+5.6%
1700295+11.3%
1711320+8.5%
1722335+4.7%
1787294−12.2%
1801292−0.7%
1834205−29.8%
1860204−0.5%
1880177−13.2%
1900171−3.4%
1939255+49.1%
1961330+29.4%
1982500+51.5%
2016414−17.2%
Source: [2][3]

Three preserved dolmens testify of settlements from as early as the Bronze Age.

In the 17th and 18th century, whaling was an important trade on Föhr. A census in 1787 showed that Utersum and Hedehusum together had 294 inhabitants, 62 of whom were seafarers.[4] As a part of Western Föhr, Utersum belonged to the Danish Enclaves and was thus directly linked to the Danish Kingdom while Eastern Föhr and Wyk adhered to the Duchy of Schleswig. Only when Denmark lost Schleswig to Prussia after the Second Schleswig War of 1864 did Utersum become part of Schleswig-Holstein due to the annexation of Schleswig-Holstein by Prussia in 1867.[5]

Utersum, Hedehusum and the adjacent municipality of Witsum were the only ones in Zone II of the Schleswig Plebiscites in 1920 to vote for Denmark; as they were not directly situated at the border though, they remained with Germany.

Politics

Since the municipal elections of 2008, the independent FWU holds five seats in the municipality's council, the equally independent UWG holds four.

Notable people

Utersum became the favourite resort of entertainer Hans Rosenthal (1925–1987). He was made an honorary citizen of the village. Utersum was the hometown of Volkert & Boz Lorenzen and Arian Martens all able seaman lost at sea on the brig Mary Celeste in 1872.

References

  1. ^ "Statistikamt Nord – Bevölkerung der Gemeinden in Schleswig-Holstein 4. Quartal 2017 (XLS-file)". Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein (in German).
  2. ^ Roeloffs, Brar C. (1984). Von der Seefahrt zur Landwirtschaft (in German). Neumünster: Karl Wachholtz Verlag. p. 38. ISBN 3-529-06184-0.
  3. ^ "Statistikamt Nord – Bevölkerung der Gemeinden in Schleswig-Holstein 4. Quartal 2016]"
  4. ^ Faltings, Jan I. (2011). Föhrer Grönlandfahrt im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert (in German). Amrum: Verlag Jens Quedens. p. 13. ISBN 978-3-924422-95-0.
  5. ^ Faltings, Jan I., Föhrer Grönlandfahrt .... p. 30.

External links

Föhr

Föhr pronunciation (Fering North Frisian: Feer; Danish: Før) is one of the North Frisian Islands on the German coast of the North Sea. It is part of the Nordfriesland district in the federal state of Schleswig-Holstein. Föhr is the second-largest North Sea island of Germany and a popular destination for tourists. A town and eleven distinct municipalities are located on the island. The climate is oceanic with moderate winters and relatively cool summers.

Being a settlement area already in neolithic times, Föhr had been part of mainland North Frisia until 1362. Then the coastline was destroyed by a heavy storm flood and several islands were formed, Föhr among them. The northern parts of Föhr consist of marshes while the southern parts consist of sandy geest. From the middle-ages until 1864, Föhr belonged to the Danish realm and to the Duchy of Schleswig, but was then transferred to Prussia as a result of the Second Schleswig War. Seafaring has long been the most popular trade, but farming and eventually tourism became the most important economic factors after the end of the Age of Sail. The island can be reached by a car and passenger ferry service or via an airstrip.

Apart from German, a dialect of the North Frisian language, Fering, is frequently spoken on Föhr. Several authors and poets have also written in Fering.

Föhr-Amrum

Föhr-Amrum is an Amt ("collective municipality") in the district of Nordfriesland, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. The Amt covers the islands Föhr and Amrum. Its seat is in Wyk auf Föhr.

Föhr-Land

Föhr-Land was an Amt ("collective municipality") in the district of Nordfriesland, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It covered the island of Föhr (except the independent town Wyk auf Föhr), in the North Sea, approx. 45 km northwest of Husum. Its seat was in Midlum until August 1, 2006, since then it was in the town hall of Wyk auf Föhr. In January 2007, the Amt Föhr-Land has been merged with the previously independent town Wyk auf Föhr and the Amt Amrum, to form the Amt Föhr-Amrum.

Until January 1, 2007, the Amt Föhr-Land consisted of the following municipalities (population in 2005 between brackets):

Alkersum (416)

Borgsum (343)

Dunsum (79)

Midlum (362)

Nieblum (636)

Oevenum (494)

Oldsum (564)

Süderende (185)

Utersum (412)

Witsum (46)

Wrixum (689)

Godel (river)

Godel is a river of the North Frisian island Föhr, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

The Godel springs at Witsum and Utersum from several tidal creeks. It discharges southeast of Witsum into the North Sea.

Hans-Hasso von Veltheim

Hans-Hasso Freiherr von Ludolf Martin Veltheim Ostrau (born Cologne October 15, 1885, died Utersum August 13, 1956) was a German Indologist, Anthroposophist, Far East traveler, occultist and author.

Hans Rosenthal

Hans Rosenthal (2 April 1925 – 10 February 1987) was a radio editor, director, and one of the most popular German radio and television hosts of the 1970s and 1980s.

List of seaside resorts in Germany

The following is a list of state-accredited seaside resorts in Germany. They are first sorted by seas (Baltic and North Sea), then by German states (Länder), then by districts (Landkreise). After every resort's name, the officially designated status is mentioned in German language (e.g. "Ostseeheilbad").

For a complete list of inland and coastal spas, see List of spa towns in Germany.

List of spa towns in Germany

The following is a list of spa towns in Germany.

The word Bad (English: bath) is normally used as a prefix (Bad Vilbel) or a suffix (Marienbad, Wiesbaden) to denote the town in question is a spa town. In any case, Bad as a prefix is an official designation and requires governmental authorization (which may also be suspended if a town fails to maintain the required standards).

The word Kurort is also used, meaning a place for a cure. However not all Kurorte are spa towns; there are also Kurorte which are visited for their pure air (Luftkurorte, for example).

This list is alphabetical, the states of the spa towns are added, as well as their official German category designation (Heilbad, Seebad etc.).

For seaside resorts, see List of seaside resorts in Germany.

Nordfriesland (district)

Nordfriesland (Danish: Nordfrisland, English: North Frisia, North Frisian: Nordfraschlönj) is the northernmost district of Germany, part of the state of Schleswig-Holstein. It includes almost all of traditional North Frisia along with adjacent areas to the east and south and is bound by (from the east and clockwise) the districts of Schleswig-Flensburg and Dithmarschen, the North Sea and the Danish county of South Jutland. The district is called Kreis Nordfriesland in German, Kreis Noordfreesland in Low German, Kris Nordfraschlönj in Mooring North Frisian, Kreis Nuurdfresklun in Fering North Frisian and Nordfrislands amt in Danish.

As of 2008, Nordfriesland was the most visited rural district in Germany.

Oluf Braren

Oluf Braren (25 February 1787 – 22 March 1839) was a painter of naïve art from the north Frisian island of Föhr. Some of his works show a strong affinity to his Frisian homeland.

His paintings include portraits and depictions of public life as well as religious and mythological motifs. Later works are influenced by Wilhelm Tischbein's art. Unknown and little appreciated during his lifetime, Braren's paintings became greatly valued during the 20th century.

Witsum

Witsum (Danish: Vitsum, North Frisian: Wiisem) is a municipality on the island of Föhr, in the district of Nordfriesland, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

Towns and municipalities in Nordfriesland

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