Ussuriysk

Ussuriysk (Russian: Уссури́йск) is a city in Primorsky Krai, Russia, located in the fertile valley of the Razdolnaya River, 98 kilometers (61 mi) north of Vladivostok, the administrative center of the krai, and about 60 kilometers (37 mi) from both the China–Russia border and the Pacific Ocean. Population: 158,004 (2010 Census);[2] 157,759 (2002 Census);[7] 158,016 (1989 Census).[8]

It was previously known as Nikolskoye (until 1898), Nikolsk-Ussuriysky (until 1935), Voroshilov (until 1957).

Ussuriysk

Уссурийск
Nekrasova Street in Ussuriysk
Nekrasova Street in Ussuriysk
Coat of arms of Ussuriysk

Coat of arms
Location of Ussuriysk
Ussuriysk is located in Russia
Ussuriysk
Ussuriysk
Location of Ussuriysk
Ussuriysk is located in Primorsky Krai
Ussuriysk
Ussuriysk
Ussuriysk (Primorsky Krai)
Coordinates: 43°48′N 131°58′E / 43.800°N 131.967°ECoordinates: 43°48′N 131°58′E / 43.800°N 131.967°E
CountryRussia
Federal subjectPrimorsky Krai[1]
Founded1866
City status since1898
Government
 • HeadKorzh Yevgeniy Yevgen'yevich
Area
 • Total173 km2 (67 sq mi)
Elevation
33 m (108 ft)
Population
 • Total158,004
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
172,017 (+8.9%)
 • Rank111th in 2010
 • Density910/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
 • Subordinated toUssuriysk City Under Krai Jurisdiction[1]
 • Capital ofUssuriysk City Under Krai Jurisdiction[1]
 • Urban okrugUssuriysky Urban Okrug[4]
 • Capital ofUssuriysky Urban Okrug[4]
Postal code(s)[6]
692500–692503, 692506, 692508–692512, 692515, 692519, 692522–692530, 692548–692554, 692558, 692559
Dialing code(s)+7 4234
OKTMO ID05723000001
Websiteadm-ussuriisk.ru

History

Medieval history

Ussuriysk-Stone-Tortoise-S-3542
A 12th-century stone tortoise from a Jīn Dynasty grave now can be seen in Ussuriysk's central park

The area of what now is Ussuriysk was settled by Yulou Mohe tribes. From the mid-9th century, it became Solbin-bu of the Balhae Kingdom. It is then populated by the Dōnghǎi Jurchens, under control of Liao dynasty. The city then become capital of Jīn Dynasty's Sùpín circuit (速頻路). Then it went under control of Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties respectively.

Modern era

In 1866, the settlement of Nikolskoye (Нико́льское) was founded on the area of today's Ussuriysk, named after Saint Nicholas. Due to its advantageous geographic location at the crossing of the transportation lines, the village experienced rapid growth during the 1870s, turning into a trade center. Its role increased after the railroad connecting Khabarovsk and Vladivostok (now a part of the Trans-Siberian Railway) was built, and in 1898 it was granted town status and renamed Nikolsk-Ussuriysky (Нико́льск-Уссури́йский).

By the beginning of the 20th century the town's population totaled 15,000 people, and the annual turnover of its trade enterprises was equal to three million rubles. After the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905, Nikolsk-Ussuriysky became one of the most important commercial and economic centers of the Russian Far East. In 1913, the city ranked fourth after Vladivostok, Blagoveshchensk, and Khabarovsk in terms of population. Enterprises were established processing agricultural products such as mills, dairies, soap-boiling plants, and tanneries, as well as macaroni and sausage factories and breweries. Brick factories, quarries, and saw-mills were also built.

The central part of the city began to be built up with two- and three-story masonry buildings. In 1914, there were fourteen educational institutions, a theater, a circus, and three movie-theaters in Nikolsk-Ussuriysky.

After the October Revolution of 1917, the city's economy experienced rapid growth. The city specialized in processing agricultural products. The name of the city was changed to Voroshilov in 1935 after Kliment Voroshilov. With Nikita Khrushchev's ascent to power after Stalin's death the city's name was changed to Ussuriysk after the nearby Ussuri River in 1957.

Until the 1980s, the city ranked second in the krai in population, having only recently yielded to Nakhodka. Ussuriysk is still second only to Vladivostok as a theatrical and higher-educational center (it is home to the Pedagogical and Agricultural Institutes, and the Higher Military School).

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with thirty-seven rural localities, incorporated as Ussuriysk City Under Krai Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Ussuriysk City Under Krai Jurisdiction is incorporated as Ussuriysky Urban Okrug.[4]

Economy

The city's industry is represented by twenty-eight enterprises, including twelve of the food industry, two of light industry, six of metal industry, and four of construction industry. Ussuriysk has always specialized in the production of consumer goods. That is why at present it is in a more favorable situation as compared with other large cities of Primorye where enterprises of war industry prevailed. The largest enterprises of light industry are Primorsky Sakhar (which provides the Russian Far East with sugar, producing 160,000 tonnes per year), Dalsoya (which produces vegetable oil, margarine, and soap), Ussuriysky Balsam (24 kinds of liqueur and vodka products, and balsams made of a blend of dozens of herbs). Five articles of Ussuriysky Balsam were given diplomas of the first and the second degrees at all-Russian competition of alcohol products.

One more economic feature of Ussuriysk is its wholesale trade. There are approximately thirty specialized and multipurpose trade bases, many of which had developed contacts with foreign partners before the external economic policy was liberalized in Russia.

Among the city's other enterprises that are worth mentioning are the Grado firm which annually produces up to 600,000 pairs of footwear, and the Locomotive Repairing Plant. The annual industrial output of Ussuriysk equals 8% of Primorsky Krai's production. Besides, the city is the crossing point of all major highways and railroads of the krai.

Theaters

The Ussuriysk Drama Theater of the Eastern Military District is located at #31 Sovyetskaya Street. The theater was founded in 1937 and is one of the two theaters of the Russian Army (the other is the Central Theater of the Russian Army in Moscow). The theater maintains the military–patriotic tendency and realistic style.

The Ussuriysk Drama Theater is located at #33 Volodarskogo Street. It was opened in 1937. The theater is of classical tendencies. Plays are staged both for adults and children. The hall can accommodate 428 people.

Architecture and monuments

The central part of the city, including Lenina, Chicherina, Krasnoznamyonnaya, and Ageyeva Streets, is of historic value. The city's oldest hotel (#28 Lenina St.) was constructed in 1880. #53 Lenina St., which houses the city's oldest movie-theater Grand-Illyuzion, was built in 1908.

On the central square there is a monument to the Red Guards and partisans, who died in the battles at Ussuriysk in June 1918. A monument to Vladimir Lenin is on the Railway Station Square.

Steam locomotive YeL 629 is set on plinth as a memorial to three Bolshevik revolutionaries (Lazo, Lutsky, and Sibirtsev) who were allegedly burned alive by the White Guards in its firebox in 1920.

Parovoz-Ea-629
Steam Locomotive YeL 629 in Ussuriysk

The Intercession Church at #80A Chicherina St. was built in 1914. It is the only religious building in the krai that has been kept without any reconstruction since 1917 and is used for its original purpose.

RussianChurch Ussurisk
The city's main Intercession Church. Built in 1914, it is one of the few churches in the region to have survived the revolution and Communist periods

Landscape

Ussuriysk is very green because of many trees (such as poplars, elms, and jasmine, have been transplanted here from the taiga) and ranked third after Arsenyev and Vladivostok.

Twin towns and sister cities

Ussuriysk is twinned with:

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #161-KZ
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Law #131-KZ
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.

Sources

  • Законодательное Собрание Приморского края. Закон №161-КЗ от 14 ноября 2001 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Приморского края», в ред. Закона №673-КЗ от 6 октября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Приморского края "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Приморского края"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красное знамя Приморья", №69 (119), 29 ноября 2001 г. (Legislative Assembly of Primorsky Krai. Law #161-KZ of November 14, 2001 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Primorsky Krai, as amended by the Law #673-KZ of October 6, 2015 On Amending the Law of Primorsky Krai "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Primorsky Krai". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Приморского края. Закон №131-КЗ от 6 августа 2004 г. «Об Уссурийском городском округе», в ред. Закона №123-КЗ от 13 ноября 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Приморского края в связи с изменением наименований некоторых сельских населённых пунктов Приморского края». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости Законодательного Собрания Приморского края", №65, 9 августа 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Primorsky Krai. Law #131-KZ of August 6, 2004 On Ussuriysky Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #123-KZ of November 13, 2012 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Primorsky Krai Due to the Changes of Names of Some Rural Inhabited Localities of Primorsky Krai. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links

17th Guards Rifle Division

The 17th Guards Rifle Division was created on March 17, 1942, from the first formation of the 119th Rifle Division, in recognition of that division's stalwart defense against German Army Group Center in the Battle of Moscow, and in the subsequent strategic offensive that threw the German forces back from the capital. The 17th Guards continued a record of distinguished service through the rest of the Great Patriotic War. It became the 123rd Guards Motor Rifle Division in 1957 and converted into the 129th Guards Machine-Gun Artillery Division in 1989. In 2001, it was converted to the 17th Guards Motor Rifle Division and became the 70th Guards Motor Rifle Brigade in 2009. The brigade is currently based in Ussuriysk.

1st Siberian Rifle Division (Russian Empire)

The 1st Siberian Rifle Division (Russian: 1-я Сибирская стрелковая дивизия, 1-ya Sibirskaya strelkovaya diviziya) was an infantry formation of the Russian Imperial Army that existed in various formations from the early 19th century until the end of World War I and the Russian Revolution. The division was based in Ussuriysk in the years leading up to 1914. It fought in World War I and was demobilized in 1918.

5th Combined Arms Army

The 5th Combined Arms Red Banner Army (5-я общевойсковая армия) is a Russian Ground Forces formation in the Eastern Military District.

It was formed in 1939, served during the Soviet invasion of Poland that year, and was deployed in the southern sector of the Soviet defences when Adolf Hitler's Operation Barbarossa began in June 1941 during World War II. In the disastrous first months of Barbarossa, the 5th Army was encircled and destroyed around Kiev.

Reformed under Lelyushenko and Govorov, it played a part in the last-ditch defence of Moscow, and then in the string of offensive and defensive campaigns that eventually saw the Soviet armies liberate all of Soviet territory and push west into Poland and beyond into Germany itself. The 5th Army itself only advanced as far as East Prussia before it was moved east to take part in the Soviet attack on Japan. Since 1945 under the Soviet and now Russian flag it has formed part of the Far East Military District keeping watch on the border with the People's Republic of China. As the Russian armed force shrunk it found itself part of the larger Eastern Military District in the twenty-first century.

83rd Guards Air Assault Brigade

The 83rd Guards Air Assault Brigade is an airborne brigade of the Russian Airborne Troops, first formed in 1986. It is currently based in Ussuriysk.

AH30

Asian Highway 30 or AH30 is a route located in Russia, running 2,785 kilometres (1,731 mi) from Ussuriysk, Primorsky Krai to Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai. Khabarovsk to Chita section of this asian highway is named after Amur river as Amur Highway .

Administrative divisions of Primorsky Krai

Cities and towns under the federal government management:

Fokino (Фокино)

Urban-type settlements under the town's jurisdiction and federal government management:

Dunay (Дунай)

Putyatin (Путятин)

Cities and towns under the krai's jurisdiction:

Vladivostok (Владивосток) (administrative center)

city districts:

Frunzensky (Фрунзенский)

Leninsky (Ленинский)

Pervomaysky (Первомайский)

Pervorechensky (Первореченский)

Sovetsky (Советский)

Arsenyev (Арсеньев)

Artyom (Артём)

Bolshoy Kamen (Большой Камень)

Dalnegorsk (Дальнегорск)

Dalnerechensk (Дальнереченск)

Lesozavodsk (Лесозаводск)

Nakhodka (Находка)

Partizansk (Партизанск)

Spassk-Dalny (Спасск-Дальний)

Ussuriysk (Уссурийск)

Districts:

Anuchinsky (Анучинский)

Chernigovsky (Черниговский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Sibirtsevo (Сибирцево)

Chuguyevsky (Чугуевский)

Dalnerechensky (Дальнереченский)

Kavalerovsky (Кавалеровский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Gornorechensky (Горнореченский)

Kavalerovo (Кавалерово)

Khrustalny (Хрустальный)

Khankaysky (Ханкайский)

Khasansky (Хасанский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Khasan (Хасан)

Kraskino (Краскино)

Posyet (Посьет)

Primorsky (Приморский)

Slavyanka (Славянка)

Zarubino (Зарубино)

Khorolsky (Хорольский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Yaroslavsky (Ярославский)

Kirovsky (Кировский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Gornye Klyuchi resort settlement (Горные Ключи)

Kirovsky (Кировский)

Krasnoarmeysky (Красноармейский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Vostok (Восток)

Lazovsky (Лазовский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Preobrazheniye (Преображение)

Mikhaylovsky (Михайловский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Novoshakhtinsky (Новошахтинский)

Nadezhdinsky (Надеждинский)

Oktyabrsky (Октябрьский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Lipovtsy (Липовцы)

Olginsky (Ольгинский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Olga (Ольга)

Partizansky (Партизанский)

Pogranichny (Пограничный)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Pogranichny (Пограничный)

Pozharsky (Пожарский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Luchegorsk (Лучегорск)

Shkotovsky (Шкотовский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Shkotovo (Шкотово)

Smolyaninovo (Смоляниново)

Spassky (Спасский)

Terneysky (Тернейский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Plastun (Пластун)

Svetlaya (Светлая)

Terney (Терней)

Yakovlevsky (Яковлевский)

Aleksandr Kotlyarov

Aleksandr Sergeyevich Kotlyarov (Russian: Александр Серге́евич Котляров; born 30 December 1983) is a Russian professional footballer. He plays for FC Luch Vladivostok.

Boris Khmelnitsky

Boris Alexandrovich Khmelnitsky (Russian: Борис Александрович Хмельницкий; born on 27 June 1940 in Ussuriysk, died on 16 February 2008 in Moscow) was a Russian theatre and movie actor.

Chung Il-kwon

Chung Il-kwon (Korean: 정일권; Hanja: 丁一權, November 21, 1917 – January 17, 1994) was a South Korean politician, diplomat, and soldier. A general in the Republic of Korea Army, he served as Foreign Minister 1963 to 1964, and Prime Minister from 1964 to 1970. He was an ally of President Park Chung-hee.

His pen name was Chungsa (Korean: 청사)

FC Mostovik-Primorye Ussuriysk

FC Mostovik-Primorye Ussuriysk (Russian: «Мостовик‑Приморье» (Уссурийск)) is an association football team from Ussuriysk, Russia. It played professionally for a single season in 1993, taking 11th place in Zone 7 of the Russian Second Division. In 2010, the club returned to the Russian Second Division. It was liquidated after the 2011-12 season due to lack of financing.

Far Eastern Military District

The Far Eastern Military District (Dalʹnevostochnyĭ voennyĭ okrug, Russian: Дальневосточный военный округ) was a military district of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. In 2010 it was merged with the Pacific Fleet and part of the Siberian Military District to form the new Eastern Military District.

Galenki RT-70 radio telescope

The Galenki RT-70 radio telescope is an RT-70 telescope at the East Center for Deep Space Communications, Galenki (Ussuriysk), Russia.

With its 70m antenna diameter, it is among the largest single dish radio telescopes in the world. It forms part of the Soviet Deep Space Network.

Two other RT-70 telescopes are:

Yevpatoria RT-70 radio telescope – at the Center for Deep Space Communications, Yevpatoria

Suffa RT-70 radio telescope – at the Suffa Radio Observatory

Natalia Barbashina

Natalia Leontievna Barbashina (Russian: Наталья Леонидовна Барбашина; born 26 August 1973) is a Russian football coach and former player. Her last team was Zvezda Perm, with whom she reached the 2008-09 UEFA Women's Cup Final. Throughout her career she won nine Russian women's football championships and nine national Cups with Energiya Voronezh, Ryazan VDV, Lada Togliatti, Rossiyanka and Zvezda.

Nikos Kavvadias

Nikos Kavvadias (Greek: Νίκος Καββαδίας; January 11, 1910 in Nikolsk-Ussuriysky – February 10, 1975 in Athens) was a Greek poet, writer and a sailor by profession. He used his travels around the world, the life at sea and its adventures, as powerful metaphors for the escape of ordinary people, outside the boundaries of reality. His poems are widely regarded as belonging to symbolism, and he has been characterized by some as a poète maudit.

Suffa RT-70 radio telescope

The Suffa RT-70 radio telescope is an RT-70 radio telescope under construction at the Suffa Radio Observatory on the Suffa plateau, Uzbekistan. Construction began in the late 80's, but was put on hold when the Soviet Union fell. As of 2008, construction had resumed, with an updated emphasis on millimeter-wave band observations at 100–300 GHz. As of 2014, construction was reported to be 50% complete.With its 70m antenna diameter, this third unit of the RT-70 telescope design will be among the largest single dish radio telescopes in the world.

Two completed RT-70 telescopes are:

Yevpatoria RT-70 radio telescope – at the Center for Deep Space Communications, Yevpatoria, Crimea

Galenki RT-70 radio telescope – at the Ussuriysk Astrophysical Observatory, Russia

Svyatoslav Loginov

Svyatoslav Vladimirovich Vitman, primarily known under the pen name Svyatoslav Loginov (Russian: Святослав Логинов, Святослав Владимирович Витман) (born October 9, 1951 in Ussuriysk, Russia (then Voroshilov, USSR)) is a Russian writer. He writes mostly science fiction.His first publication was in 1975, in Uralsky Sledopyt (Ural Pathfinder) magazine.

Loginov defines himself as a convinced atheist. These motifs run through many of his works.

Ussuriysk Astrophysical Observatory

Ussuriysk Astrophysical Observatory is an observatory near Ussuriysk, Russia. It is operated by the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Regular observations have been carried out in the observatory since 1954.

Ussuriysk railway station

Ussuriysk railway station is railway station and railway junction of Trans-Siberian Railway and Chinese Eastern Railway in Ussuriysk, Primorsky Krai, Russia. It belongs to the Vladivostok branch of the Far Eastern Railway.

Yelena Serova

Yelena Olegovna Serova (Russian: Елена Олеговна Серова, born 22 April 1976) is a Russian politician and former cosmonaut. She serves as a Deputy in the State Duma of Russian Federation.

She was selected as a cosmonaut in 2006 and was assigned in 2011 to Expedition 41, which launched in September 2014 and returned to Earth in March 2015. Serova became the first Russian woman to visit the International Space Station (ISS) on 26 September 2014.

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