Uri, Jammu and Kashmir

Uri[1] is a town and a tehsil in the Baramulla district, in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.[2] Uri is located on the left bank of the Jhelum River, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of the Line of Control with Pakistan.

Uri
Town
Uri is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Uri
Uri
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Uri is located in India
Uri
Uri
Uri (India)
Coordinates: 34°5′10″N 74°2′0″E / 34.08611°N 74.03333°ECoordinates: 34°5′10″N 74°2′0″E / 34.08611°N 74.03333°E
Country India
StateJammu and Kashmir
DistrictBaramulla
Government
 • TypeTehsil
Population
 (2011)
 • Total9,366
 Sex ratio 6,674/2,692 /
Languages
 • OfficialKashmiri
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
193123
Telephone code01956
Vehicle registrationJK 05
Sex ratio1.13
Literacy83%
Websitewww.baramulla.nic.in
Uri Jehlum
River Jehlum in Uri.
Uri Old
Old market of Uri

Location

Uri is located at the entrance to the Kashmir Valley from the west, lying on the Jhelum Valley Road.[3] Prior to the partition of Kashmir, the road linked Uri to Rawalpindi and Srinagar. Another important road linked Uri to Poonch via the Haji Pir pass.[4]

Uri is at a distance of 76 miles from Srinagar, 42 miles from Muzaffarabad and 49 miles from Poonch.[4]

History

Hari Singh Nalwa (r. 1820–1823), the Sikh commander-administrator of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, built the fort of Uri.[5][6]

Following the First Anglo-Sikh War (1845–1846) and the Treaty of Amritsar (1846), Raja Gulab Singh was proclaimed the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir, acquiring all the lands between the Ravi River and the Indus.[7]:51-52 Uri became a tehsil in the Muzaffarabad district of the Kashmir province.[8]

On 22 October 1947, the tribal invasion led to the fall of Muzaffarabad and Uri to the Pashtun tribes from Pakistan. The raiders then halted at Baramulla.[9] Following the accession of the Maharaja to India on 26 October, India air lifted troops to the Kashmir Valley, who retook Baramulla and Uri by mid-November.[10] The Indian government attached utmost importance to the defence of Uri.[11] Muzaffarabad, on the other hand, came under Pakistani control and became the capital of Azad Kashmir. The tehsil of Uri was subsequently merged into the Baramulla district.

2016 Uri Terrorist Attacks

At around 5:30 a.m. on 18 September, four terrorists attacked an Indian Army Brigade headquarters at Uri near the Line of Control. They are said to have lobbed 17 grenades in 3 minutes. A rear administrative base camp with tents caught fire and 13-14 army personnel were killed. A six-hour gun battle ensued, during which all four terrorists were killed. An additional 19-30 soldiers were reported to have been injured in the attack.[12][13][14][15][16]

Demographics

As of 2011, the town of Uri has a population of 9,366 of which 6,674 (71%) are males and 2,692 (29%) are females according to the report published by Census India in 2011.[17] Uri has an average literacy rate of 88.46%, higher than the national average of 76%. Male literacy is 95.27%, and female literacy is 70.02%. Child sex ratio is approximately 851 as compared to state average of 862 and the population of children under 6 years of age is 879 which is 9.39% of the total population.

References

  1. ^ Urdu: اوڑی
  2. ^ "Administrative Setup in District Baramulla". Baramulla District. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  3. ^ Dasgupta, War and Diplomacy in Kashmir 2014, p. 64.
  4. ^ a b K. D. Mani, Uri: The historical town, Daily Excelsior, 6 November 2017.
  5. ^ Bansal, Bobby Singh (2015), Remnants of the Sikh Empire: Historical Sikh Monuments in India & Pakistan, Hay House, Inc, p. 174, ISBN 978-93-84544-93-5
  6. ^ Lone, F. A. (2005), The Exploration Of Uri Sector: Kashmir Valley, Shipra Publications, p. 42, ISBN 978-81-7541-222-4
  7. ^ Singh, Bawa Satinder (1971), "Raja Gulab Singh's Role in the First Anglo-Sikh War", Modern Asian Studies, 5 (1): 35–59, doi:10.1017/s0026749x00002845, JSTOR 311654
  8. ^ Snedden, Kashmir: The Unwritten History 2013.
  9. ^ Raghavan, War and Peace in Modern India 2010, p. 58.
  10. ^ Raghavan, War and Peace in Modern India 2010, p. 114.
  11. ^ Raghavan, War and Peace in Modern India 2010, p. 123.
  12. ^ Uri terror attack: 17 soldiers killed, 19 injured in strike on Army camp, Times of India, 18 September 2016.
  13. ^ "Tents set on fire, troops shot while coming out". The Hindu. 18 September 2016. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  14. ^ Uri attack: An inside story of how it happened, India Today, 18 September 2016.
  15. ^ Sequence of the Uri attack & the plan of the terrorists, The Economic Times, 19 September 2016.
  16. ^ Uri Attack: Most of the 17 Soldiers Died in a Tent Fire, The Quint, 19 September 2016.
  17. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census of India.

Bibliography

Further reading

2016 Indian Line of Control strike

On 29 September 2016, India announced that it conducted "surgical strikes" against militant launch pads across the Line of Control in Pakistani-administered Kashmir, and inflicted "significant casualties". Indian media reported the casualty figures variously from 35 to 70. Partial footage of the strikes was released to the Indian media on 27 June 2018 as proof to the strike.Pakistan rejected this claim, stating that Indian troops did not cross the Line of Control and had only skirmished with Pakistani troops at the border, resulting in the deaths of two Pakistani soldiers and nine wounded. Pakistan rejected India's reports of any other casualties. Pakistani sources reported that at least 8 Indian soldiers were killed in the exchange, and one was captured. India confirmed that one of its soldiers was in Pakistani custody, but denied that it was linked to the incident or that any of its soldiers had been killed. Pakistan said India was hiding its casualties.Media outlets noted that the details regarding the "attack" were still unclear. Earlier that month, four militants had attacked the Indian army at Uri on 18 September in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, and killed 19 soldiers. India's announcement of the claimed raid on 29 September marked the first time that the government had publicly acknowledged its forces crossing the Line of Control, amidst skepticism and disputing accounts. In the succeeding days and months, India and Pakistan continued to exchange fires along the border in Kashmir, resulting in dozens of military and civilian casualties on both the sides.

2016 Uri attack

The 2016 Uri attack was an attack by four heavily armed militants on 18 September 2016, near the town of Uri in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It was reported as "the deadliest attack on security forces in Kashmir in two decades". The militant group Jaish-e-Mohammed was involved in the planning and execution of the attack. At the time of the attack, the Kashmir Valley region was a centre of unrest.

3rd Gorkha Rifles

The 3rd Gorkha Rifles or Third Gorkha Rifles, abbreviated as 3 GR is an Indian Army infantry regiment comprising Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin. It was originally a Gurkha regiment of the British Indian Army formed in 1815. They were present at a number of actions and wars including the Siege of Delhi in 1857 to the First and Second World Wars. After the Partition of India in 1947 the regiment was one of the six Gorkha regiments transferred to the Indian Army as part of the Tripartite Agreement signed between India, Nepal and Britain at the time of Indian independence. Prior to independence, the regiment was known as the 3rd Queen Alexandra's Own Gurkha Rifles. In 1950 the regiment's title was changed to 3rd Gorkha Rifles. Since 1947 the regiment has participated in a number of conflicts including the 1947 and 1971 wars against Pakistan.

Bipin Rawat

General Bipin Rawat, PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, YSM, SM, VSM, ADC is the 27th Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army. He assumed office on 31 December 2016 after retirement of General Dalbir Singh.

Mohammad Shafi (politician)

Mohammad Shafi is a member of the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly. He represents the Uri Assembly Constituency. He belongs to the Jammu & Kashmir National Conference.

He was elected to Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly in 1972 and became the Minister of State for Education in 1977 but in 1987, he became Cabinet Minister for Information, Education and Social Welfare then Cabinet Minister for Agriculture, Rural Development, Cooperative & Panchayat Raj. He introduce Panchayati Raj system in Jammu and Kashmir

He was made Cabinet Minister for Finance and Education. He was send to Rajya Sabha from 2009 to 2015 but resigned in 2014 as he was reelected as member Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly from Uri.

Raja Muhammad Sarwar

Captain Raja Muhammad Sarwar Bhatti (Urdu: راجہ محمد سرور بھٹی; b. 10 November 1910– 27 July 1948) NH, BS, best known as Muhammad Sarwar, was a military officer in the Pakistan Army who was cited with the first Nishan-i-Haider for his gallant and actions of valor during the first war between India and Pakistan in 1947–48.

Uri (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Uri (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is one of the 87 constituencies in the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir a north state of India. Uri is also part of Baramulla Lok Sabha constituency.

Vasanth Venugopal

Colonel Vasanth Venugopal, AC (25 March 1967 – 31 July 2007) was an Indian Army officer. He was the commanding officer of the 9th battalion, Maratha Light Infantry. On 31 July 2007, he was killed in action while preventing heavily armed infiltrators from crossing the India-Pakistan border at Uri, Jammu and Kashmir. As a result he was posthumously awarded the Ashoka Chakra, India's highest military decoration for peacetime gallantry.

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