Uqturpan County

Wushi County (Chinese: 乌什县) as the official romanized name, also transliterated from Uyghur as Uqturpan County (Uyghur: ئۇچتۇرپان ناھىيىسى‎; Chinese: 乌什吐鲁番县) the former longer Chinese name as well, is a county in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region under the administration of Aksu Prefecture, and borders Kyrgyzstan's Issyk-Kul Region. It has an area of 9,012 square kilometres (3,480 sq mi) and as of the 2002 census a population of 180,000.

Wushi County
乌什县ئۇچتۇرپان ناھىيىسى
County
Location of Uqturpan County (red) within Aksu Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang

Location of Uqturpan County (red) within Aksu Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Country People's Republic of China
Province Xinjiang
Prefecture Aksu Prefecture
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Wushi County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 乌什县
Traditional Chinese 烏什縣
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin Wūshí Xiàn
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 乌什吐鲁番县
Traditional Chinese 烏什吐魯番縣
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin Wūshítǔlǔfān Xiàn
Uyghur name
Uyghur
ئۇچتۇرپان ناھىيىسى
Transcriptions
Latin Yëziqi Uchturpan Nahiyisi
Yengi Yeziⱪ Uqturpan Nah̡iyisi
SASM/GNC Uqturpan Nahiyisi
Siril Yëziqi Учтурпан Наһийиси

History

Tang

During the Battle of Aksu (717), the Umayyad Caliphate and their Turgesh and Tibetan Empire allies hope to seize Uqturpan (then known as Dai-dʑiᴇk-dʑiᴇŋ) from Tang-Karluks-Exiled Western Turkic Khaganate allies but were repelled.[1]

Qing

Ush Turfan was the site of a battle between Barhanuddin and Abdulla during the Revolt of the Altishahr Khojas.[2][3] Six years after the Revolt of the Altishahr Khojas, ten years after the Qing's rescue of the Khoja Brothers from Dzungars, an anti-Qing uprising of the local Turkic (later "Uyghur") people took place in Uqturpan. Legend says that a local rebel leader was married to Iparhan, known as the "Fragrant Concubine" a descendant of Apaq Khoja. During the turmoil, many fled, and the thousands who remained were killed by Sino-Manchu forces. Later, the area was repopulated by migrants from what is now Southern Xinjiang.[4]

References

  1. ^ Section 221 (Section 27 of the Chapter Records of Tang) of Zizhi Tongjian
  2. ^ Hamid Wahed Alikuzai (October 2013). A Concise History of Afghanistan in 25 Volumes. Trafford Publishing. pp. 303–. ISBN 978-1-4907-1441-7.
  3. ^ Demetrius Charles Boulger; Muḥammad Ya'ḳûb (amir of Kashgar.) (1878). The Life of Yakoob Beg: Athalik Ghazi, and Bradaulet ̱of Kashgar ; With Map and Appendix. pp. 47–.
  4. ^ Laura J. Newby, "'Us and Them' in Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Xinjiang," in Ildikó Bellér-Hann, et al., eds., Situating the Uyghurs between China and Central Asia (2007), p. 26.

Coordinates: 41°12′50″N 79°13′23″E / 41.21389°N 79.22306°E

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