Uqturpan County

Wushi County (Chinese: 乌什县) as the official romanized name, also transliterated from Uyghur as Uqturpan County (Uyghur: ئۇچتۇرپان ناھىيىسى‎; Chinese: 乌什吐鲁番县) the former longer Chinese name as well, is a county in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region under the administration of Aksu Prefecture, and borders Kyrgyzstan's Issyk-Kul Region. It has an area of 9,012 square kilometres (3,480 sq mi) and as of the 2002 census a population of 180,000.

Wushi County

乌什县ئۇچتۇرپان ناھىيىسى
Location of Uqturpan County (red) within Aksu Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Location of Uqturpan County (red) within Aksu Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceXinjiang
PrefectureAksu Prefecture
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Wushi County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese乌什县
Traditional Chinese烏什縣
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese乌什吐鲁番县
Traditional Chinese烏什吐魯番縣
Uyghur name
Uyghurئۇچتۇرپان ناھىيىسى

History

Tang

During the Battle of Aksu (717), the Umayyad Caliphate and their Turgesh and Tibetan Empire allies hope to seize Uqturpan (then known as Dai-dʑiᴇk-dʑiᴇŋ) from Tang-Karluks-Exiled Western Turkic Khaganate allies but were repelled.[1]

Qing

Ush Turfan was the site of a battle between Barhanuddin and Abdulla during the Revolt of the Altishahr Khojas.[2][3] Six years after the Revolt of the Altishahr Khojas, ten years after the Qing's rescue of the Khoja Brothers from Dzungars, an anti-Qing uprising of the local Turkic (later "Uyghur") people took place in Uqturpan. Legend says that a local rebel leader was married to Iparhan, known as the "Fragrant Concubine" a descendant of Apaq Khoja. During the turmoil, many fled, and the thousands who remained were killed by Sino-Manchu forces. Later, the area was repopulated by migrants from what is now Southern Xinjiang.[4]

References

  1. ^ Section 221 (Section 27 of the Chapter Records of Tang) of Zizhi Tongjian
  2. ^ Hamid Wahed Alikuzai (October 2013). A Concise History of Afghanistan in 25 Volumes. Trafford Publishing. pp. 303–. ISBN 978-1-4907-1441-7.
  3. ^ Demetrius Charles Boulger; Muḥammad Ya'ḳûb (amir of Kashgar.) (1878). The Life of Yakoob Beg: Athalik Ghazi, and Bradaulet ̱of Kashgar ; With Map and Appendix. pp. 47–.
  4. ^ Laura J. Newby, "'Us and Them' in Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Xinjiang," in Ildikó Bellér-Hann, et al., eds., Situating the Uyghurs between China and Central Asia (2007), p. 26.

Coordinates: 41°12′50″N 79°13′23″E / 41.21389°N 79.22306°E

Dzungar Khanate

The Dzungar Khanate, also written as the Zunghar Khanate, was an Oirat khanate on the Eurasian Steppe. It covered the area called Dzungaria and stretched from the west end of the Great Wall of China to present-day Kazakhstan, and from present-day Kyrgyzstan to southern Siberia. Most of this area today is part of the Xinjiang autonomous region in China, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan. The Dzungar Khanate was the last major nomadic empire left from the Mongol Empire.

In 1678, Galdan received from the Dalai Lama the title of Boshogtu Khan, thus confirming the Dzungars as the leading tribe within the Oirats. However, the Dzungar rulers bore the title of Khong Tayiji which translates into English as "crown prince"), while the state itself was still referred to as the Dzungar Khanate. Following the deaths of Galdan Boshogtu Khan in 1697 and his successor Tsewang Rabtan in 1727, the Khanate fell into a steep decline from which it would never recover, ultimately leading to its annexation and genocide by the Qing dynasty during the period of 1755–58.

General of Ili

The General of Ili (Chinese: 伊犁將軍; pinyin: Yīlí Jiāngjūn Officially 总统伊犁等处将軍), also known in western sources as the Kuldya Military Governor, was a position created during the reign of the Qing Qianlong Emperor (r. 1735-1799) to "pacify" Dzungaria (now part of Xinjiang) and suppress uprisings by the Khoja "Rebels". The General of Ili governed the entire Xinjiang during Qing rule until it was turned into a province.

List of administrative divisions of Xinjiang

Xinjiang, an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China, is made up of the following administrative divisions.

List of postal codes in China

Postal codes in the People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: 邮政编码(邮编); traditional Chinese: 郵政編碼(郵編); pinyin: yóuzhèng biānmǎ (yóubiān)) are postal codes used by China Post for the delivery of letters and goods within mainland China.

China Post uses a six-digit all-numerical system with four tiers: the first tier, composed of the first two digits, show the province, province-equivalent municipality, or autonomous region; the second tier, composed of the third digit, shows the postal zone within the province, municipality or autonomous region; the fourth digit serves as the third tier, which shows the postal office within prefectures or prefecture-level cities; the last two digits are the fourth tier, which indicates the specific mailing area for delivery.

The Republic of China (commonly known as Taiwan), on the other hand, is not under control of the People's Republic of China. Therefore, even though it was assigned official postal codes by China Post, those codes are not in use. ROC's postal bureau, Chunghwa Post, uses a different postal code system. All mails between the PRC and the ROC are treated also as international mails, and mailing to Taiwan from Mainland China actually requires the use of the postal codes set forth by Chunghwa Post. The range 000000–009999 is not in use, because it was originally marked for Taiwan.

Codes starting from 999 are the internal codes used by China Post for handling international (including the SARs and Taiwan) mails, and not used by the general public.

List of township-level divisions of Xinjiang

This is a list of township-level divisions (formal fourth-level administrative divisions including towns, townships, subdistricts, and county districts) of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China.

Revolt of the Altishahr Khojas

The Revolt of the Altishahr Khojas was an uprising against the Qing dynasty of China, which broke out in 1757 during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor. The rebels were led by the Younger Khoja Hojijan (also known as Khwāja-i Jahān), leader of the White Mountain Sufis. Qing era documents refer to the event as the "Pacification of the Muslim regions" (平定回部; Píngdìng Huíbù). Hojijan and his brother, the Elder Khoja Buranidun (also known as Burhān al-Dīn), were members of the Central Asian Muslim Zhuo (卓) Clan.

After the Qing Pacification of Dzungaria at the end of the Dzungar–Qing Wars in 1755, the Khoja Brothers were released from Dzungar captivity whereupon they began to recruit followers in the Western Regions around Altishahr. Not long afterwards, the Khoit-Oirat prince Amursana rose up against the Qing and the Khoja Brothers used the opportunity to seize control of the south west part of Xinjiang.

In 1757, Hojijan killed the Qing Vice General Amindao (阿敏道). Qianlong retaliated the following year by sending troops to locations including Kuqa County, Yarkant (modern day Yarkant County) and Hotan (Hetian) to attack the Zhuo brothers. In 1759, the rebel army fled west through the Pamir Mountains to Badakhshan (now part of north east Afghanistan) where it was captured and destroyed by the ruling Sultan Shah, causing the revolt to subside.

With the revolt pacified, the Qing completed the reintegration of their territory in one of Qianlong's Ten Great Campaigns. The end of the conflict saw the restoration of the territory south of the Tian Shan to Qing control meaning that the Qing now controlled the whole of Xinjiang.

After the appointment of an Altishahr Grand Ministerial Attache the Xinjiang area remained peaceful for the next 60 years.

Wushi

Wushi may refer to:

Wanyan Xiyin AKA Wanyan Wushi (完颜兀室 or 完颜悟室; ?-1140), a Jurchen minister and inventor of the Jurchen large-character script

Wushi language in Cameroon

Wushi oil field in South China Sea

Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinWūshí Xiàn
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinWūshítǔlǔfān Xiàn
Transcriptions
Latin YëziqiUchturpan Nahiyisi
Yengi YeziⱪUqturpan Nah̡iyisi
SASM/GNCUqturpan Nahiyisi
Siril YëziqiУчтурпан Наһийиси
Prefecture-level cities
Sub-provincial
autonomous prefecture
Prefectures
Autonomous
prefectures
County-level cities directly
administered by XPCC

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