University of Tennessee

The University of Tennessee (The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, UT Knoxville, UTK, or UT) is a public research university in Knoxville, Tennessee. Founded in 1794, two years before Tennessee became the 16th state, it is the flagship campus of the University of Tennessee system, with ten undergraduate colleges and eleven graduate colleges. It hosts almost 28,000 students from all 50 states and more than 100 foreign countries. In its 2019 universities ranking, U.S. News & World Report ranked UT 115th among all national universities and 52nd among public institutions of higher learning. Seven alumni have been selected as Rhodes Scholars. James M. Buchanan, M.S. '41, received the 1986 Nobel Prize in Economics. UT's ties to nearby Oak Ridge National Laboratory, established under UT President Andrew Holt and continued under the UT–Battelle partnership, allow for considerable research opportunities for faculty and students.

Also affiliated with the university are the Howard H. Baker Jr. Center for Public Policy, the University of Tennessee Anthropological Research Facility, and the University of Tennessee Arboretum, which occupies 250 acres (100 ha) of nearby Oak Ridge and features hundreds of species of plants indigenous to the region. The university is a direct partner of the University of Tennessee Medical Center, which is one of two Level I trauma centers in East Tennessee.

The University of Tennessee is the only university in the nation to have three presidential papers editing projects. The university holds collections of the papers of all three U.S. presidents from Tennessee—Andrew Jackson, James K. Polk, and Andrew Johnson. UT is one of the oldest public universities in the United States and the oldest secular institution west of the Eastern Continental Divide.

The University of Tennessee
University of Tennessee seal
Former names
Blount College (1794–1807)
East Tennessee College (1807–1840)
East Tennessee University (1840–1879)
MottoVeritatem cognoscetis, et veritas vos liberabit. (Latin)
Motto in English
You will know the truth and the truth shall set you free.
TypeFlagship public university
EstablishedSeptember 10, 1794
Parent institution
University of Tennessee system
Academic affiliations
APLU, ORAU, URA
Endowment$1.100 billion (2016)[1]
ChancellorWayne T. Davis (interim)[2]
ProvostJohn Zomchick (Interim)
Academic staff
1,700+[3]
Administrative staff
9,791[3]
Students28,052 (Fall 2016)[3]
Undergraduates22,139 (Fall 2016)[3]
Postgraduates5,913 (Fall 2016)[3]
Location, ,
United States

35°57′6″N 83°55′48″W / 35.95167°N 83.93000°WCoordinates: 35°57′6″N 83°55′48″W / 35.95167°N 83.93000°W
Campus600 acres (240 ha)[3]
Total: 2,128 acres (861 ha)[4][5][6]
ColorsUT Orange, White[7]
         
Nickname Volunteers & Lady Volunteers
Sporting affiliations
NCAA Division I FBSSEC
MascotSmokey X
Websitewww.utk.edu
UT Knoxville logo 2015

History

The Hill at UT Knoxville in the 1800s
The Hill. The University of Tennessee was established in 1794, making it one of the oldest institutions of higher education in the U.S.

Founding and early days

On September 10, 1794, two years before Tennessee became a state and at a meeting of the legislature of the Southwest Territory at Knoxville, the University of Tennessee was chartered as Blount College.[8] The new, all-male, non-sectarian institution struggled for 13 years with a small student body and faculty, and in 1807, the school was rechartered as East Tennessee College as a condition of receiving the proceeds from the settlement devised in the Compact of 1806. When Samuel Carrick, its first president and only faculty member, died in 1809, the school was temporarily closed until 1820. When it reopened, it began experiencing growing pains. Thomas Jefferson had previously recommended that the college leave its confining single building in the city and relocate to a place it could spread out. Coincidentally, in the Summer of 1826 (the year that Thomas Jefferson died), the trustees explored "Barbara Hill" (today known simply as The Hill) as a potential site and relocated there by 1828.[9] In 1840, the college was elevated to East Tennessee University (ETU). The school's status as a religiously non-affiliated institution of higher learning was unusual for the period of time in which it was chartered, and the school is generally recognized as the oldest such establishment of its kind west of the Appalachian Divide.[10]

Reconstruction

Tennessee was a member of the Confederacy in 1862 when the Morrill Act was passed, providing for endowment funds from the sale of federal land to state agricultural colleges. On February 28, 1867, Congress passed a special Act making the State of Tennessee eligible to participate in the Morrill Act of 1862 program. In January 1869, ETU was designated as Tennessee's recipient of the Land-Grant designation and funds. In accepting the funds, the university would focus upon instructing students in military, agricultural, and mechanical subjects. ETU eventually received $396,000 as its endowment under the program. Trustees soon approved the establishment of a medical program under the auspices of the Nashville School of Medicine and added advanced degree programs. East Tennessee University was renamed the University of Tennessee in 1879 by the state legislature.[11]

World War II

During World War II, UT was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Navy commission.[12]

Civil rights era

African-American attorney Rita Sanders Geier filed suit against the state of Tennessee in 1968 alleging that its higher education system remained segregated despite a federal mandate ordering desegregation. She claimed that the opening of a University of Tennessee campus at Nashville, Tennessee would lead to the creation of another predominantly white institution that would strip resources from Tennessee State University, the only state-funded Historically black university. The suit was not settled until 2001, when the Geier Consent Decree resulted in the appropriation of $77 million in state funding to increase diversity among student and faculty populations among all Tennessee institutions of higher learning.[13]

Organization

Administration

The University of Tennessee at Knoxville is the flagship campus of the statewide University of Tennessee system, which is governed by a 26-member board of trustees appointed by the Governor of Tennessee. The campus is headed by a Chancellor who functions as the chief executive officer of the campus, responsible for its daily administration and management. The chancellor reports to the president of the university system and is elected annually by the UT Board of Trustees at the recommendation of the system president. Joseph A. DiPietro has been system president since January 1, 2011 until December 2018. Randy Boyd, a former candidate for governor, was appointed interim president while a search has been convened. Provost and Senior Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs Susan D. Martin is responsible for the academic administration of the Knoxville campus and reports directly to the Chancellor.[14]

On December 15, 2016, the UT Board of Trustees confirmed Beverly J. Davenport as the next Chancellor of the Knoxville campus, succeeding Jimmy Cheek. She began her role on February 15, 2017, and is the first female Chancellor for UT.[15] On May 2, 2018, UT President Joe DiPietro fired Davenport. DiPietro cited poor communication and interpersonal skills, amongst other reasons. The decision received criticism from the student body and faculty, as these reasons were also listed as strengths of Davenport, and why DiPietro chose to hire her a little over one year earlier.[16]

Campus policing and security is provided by the University of Tennessee Police Department.

Budget

University of Tennessee Knoxville (2015)[17]

  • Educational and General Total: $578,766,711
    • Instruction: $263,257,573
    • Research: $41,848,637
    • Public Service: $11,287,642
    • Academic Support: $67,888,051
    • Student Services: $39,438,427
    • Institutional Support: $45,015,257
    • Operation/Maintenance of Physical Plant: $69,694,749
    • Scholarships and Fellowships: $59,827,375
  • Total budget: $758,407,168

According to the University's 2009 budget, state appropriations increased 26.4 percent from 2000 to 2009, although this amounts to only a 1.1 percent when adjusted for inflation.[18]

University Medical Center

The University of Tennessee Medical Center, administered by University Health Systems and affiliated with the University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine, collaborates with the University of Tennessee Health Science Center to attract and train the majority of its medical staff. Many doctors and nurses at UTMC have integrated careers as teachers and healthcare professionals, and the center promotes itself as the area's only academic, or "teaching hospital."

The University Medical Center is the primary referral center for East Tennessee, Western North Carolina, and Southeastern Kentucky. It is one of three Level I trauma centers in the East Tennessee geographic region. Extensive expansion programs were embarked upon the 1990s and 2000s (decade) and saw the construction of two sprawling additions to the hospital's campus, a new Cancer Institute and a Heart Lung Vascular Institute. The new UT Medical Center Heart Hospital received its first patient on April 27, 2010.[19]

Academics

Profile

Demographics of the Student Body - Fall 2016[20]
Racial/ethnic group
African American 6.4%
Asian American
or Pacific Islander
3.2%
Non-Hispanic White 76.1%
Hispanic American 3.7%
Native American 0.2%
Two or more races 2.7%
International 4.5%
Unknown 3.2%

In Fall 2016, the university enrolled 21,863 undergraduate and 5,982 graduate and professional students; 50% of students are female, 50% are male.[20] UT hosts students from all 50 U.S. states and 92 foreign countries, although the majority of undergraduates hail from the American Southeast states of Tennessee, North Carolina, Georgia, and Virginia, with more than 14,000 from Tennessee alone.

Rankings

University rankings
National
ARWU[21] 99-119
Forbes[22] 266
U.S. News & World Report[23] 115
Washington Monthly[24] 193
Global
ARWU[25] 301-400
QS[26] 461-470
Times[27] 251-300
U.S. News & World Report[28] 182

The University of Tennessee is ranked tied for 52nd among public universities of America and tied for 115th among all United States universities by U.S. News & World Report in its 2019 rankings.[29]

Specialty rankings are:

  • 1 UT MBA program in alumni value (value for the money) three years after graduation, Financial Times Global Business School Rankings.
  • 2 UT College of Architecture and Design out of Southern Universities according to the journal DesignIntelligence in its publication "America's Best Architecture & Design Schools".[30]
  • 2 The supply chain management/logistics programs as published in Supply Chain Management Review.
  • 3 "LGBTQ-Unfriendly" by The Princeton Review.[31]
  • 4 UT School of Art's Graduate Program in Printmaking, U.S. News & World Report (2012).
  • 5 UT MBA program overall among U.S. Public Universities according to Wall Street Journal (2005).
  • 5 UT Nuclear Engineering Graduate Program, U.S. News & World Report (2014).
  • 5 Best Athletic Facilities according to The Princeton Review (2012).[32]
  • 5 "Little Race/Class Interaction" by The Princeton Review.[31]
  • 6 UT's senior executive MBA program, for alumni goal achievement and satisfaction according to the Financial Times.
  • 7 The supply chain management/logistics programs in the UT College of Business Administration, according to U.S. News & World Report.
  • 8 Best Parties according to Playboy.[33]
  • 9 UT MBA Program by Forbes.[34]
  • 9 UT Health Science Center Department of Ophthalmology by Ophthalmology Times.
  • 9 UT's Athletic Program by The Hall of Fame Network's ranking of Top Collegiate Athletic Programs.[35]
  • 11 "Least-Beautiful Campus" by The Princeton Review.[31]
  • 14 UT School of Veterinary Medicine by U.S. News & World Report (2007)[36]
  • 15 UT College of Social Work's Graduate Program, U.S. News & World Report (2012).
  • 17 UT Health Science Center - College of Pharmacy, U.S. News & World Report (2014).
  • 17 UT College of Information Sciences, U.S. News & World Report (2014).
  • 19 "Least Happy Students" by The Princeton Review.[31]
  • 23 UT Physician Executive MBA program of the College of Business Administration, The Princeton Review (2012).[32]
  • 25 Most Attractive Student Body by AOL Time Warner's PopCrunch.[37]
  • 27 UT College of Business Business Administration Undergraduate Program, U.S. News & World Report (2012).
  • 26 UT College of Social Work, U.S. News & World Report (2012).
  • 32 UT College of Engineering Undergraduate Program, U.S. News & World Report (2012).
  • 35 UT College of Education, Health and Human Science.
  • 37 UT College of Social Work, U.S. News & World Report (2014).
  • 45 UT Master of Fine Arts program, U.S. News & World Report.
  • 45 UT School of Art, U.S. News & World Report (2014).
  • UT was listed as one of the "Best Value Colleges for 2014 - Public" by The Princeton Review.[38]
  • UT was ranked as a "Best Southeastern College" by The Princeton Review.[31]
  • UT was recognized as a Green Campus by The Princeton Review.[31]
  • The Master of Science in Business Analytics program is ranked as a "Big Data Analytics Master's Degrees: 20 Top Programs" by InformationWeek (2013).[39]

Admissions

Fall Freshman Statistics[40][41]
2016 2015 2014 2013 2012
Applicants 17,583 17,081 15,422 14,396 14,398
Admits 13,578 13,032 11,555 10,435 9,693
% Admitted 77.2 76.3 74.9 72.5 67.3
Enrolled 4,851 4,719 4,701 4,276 4,207
Average GPA 3.89 3.89 3.79 3.85 3.89
Average SAT * 1142 1159 1159 1165 1172
Average ACT 27.1 27.0 26.8 26.9 26.8
* out of 1600

Admission to UT Knoxville is rated as "more selective" by U.S. News & World Report.[42]

For Fall 2016, UTK received 17,583 freshmen applications; 13,578 were admitted (77.2%) and 4,851 enrolled.[40] The average high school grade point average (GPA) of the enrolled freshmen was 3.89, while average SAT scores (out of 1600) were 1142, with the average ACT Composite score 27.1.[41]

Research

The total research endowment of the UT Knoxville campus was $127,983,213 for FY 2006. UT Knoxville boasts several faculty who are among the leading contributors to their fields, including Harry McSween, generally recognized as one of the world's leading experts in the study of meteorites and a member of the science team for Mars Pathfinder and later a co-investigator for the Mars Odyssey and Mars Exploration Rovers projects.[43] The university also hosts Barry T. Rouse, an international award-winning Distinguished Professor of Microbiology who has conducted multiple NIH-funded studies on the herpes simplex virus (HSV) and who is a leading researcher in his field.[44] UT's agricultural research programs are considered to be among the most accomplished in the nation, and the School of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources is home to the East Tennessee Clean Fuels Initiative, recognized by the United States Department of Energy as the "best local clean fuels program in America.".[45]

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

The major hub of research at the University of Tennessee is Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), one of the largest government laboratories in the United States. ORNL is a major center of civilian and governmental research[46] and features two of the world's most powerful supercomputers.

UT-mall
Looking west along the Pedestrian Walkway

SECU: the SEC Academic Initiative

The University of Tennessee is a member of the SEC Academic Consortium. Now renamed the SECU, the initiative was a collaborative endeavor designed to promote research, scholarship and achievement amongst the member universities in the Southeastern Conference. Along with the University of Georgia, University of Florida, Vanderbilt University, and other SEC institutions, SECU formed its mission to serve as a means to bolster collaborative academic endeavors of Southeastern Conference universities. Its goals include highlighting the endeavors and achievements of SEC faculty, students and its universities and advancing the academic reputation of SEC universities.[47][48]

In 2013, the University of Tennessee participated in the SEC Symposium in Atlanta which was organized and led by the University of Georgia and the UGA Bioenergy Systems Research Institute. The topic of the Symposium was titled, the "Impact of the Southeast in the World's Renewable Energy Future."[49]

Agricultural Campus

The University of Tennessee Anthropological Research Facility, nicknamed the "Body Farm", is located near the University of Tennessee Medical Center on Alcoa Highway (US 129). Founded by Dr. William M. Bass in 1972, the Body Farm endeavors to increase anthropological and forensic knowledge specifically related to the decomposition of the human body and is one of the leading centers for such research in the United States.[50]

Cherokee Research Campus

On March 16, 2009, the university broke ground on a 188-acre (76 ha) campus in downtown Knoxville that will be devoted to nanotechnology, neutron science, and materials science, energy and climate studies, environmental science, and biomedical science.[51]

Campus master plan

The university has implemented a 25-year (2001–2026) campus master plan that will facilitate a sweeping overhaul of campus design.[52] The plan is designed to make the campus more pedestrian-friendly by establishing large areas of open green space and relegating parking facilities to the periphery of the campus, and to increase the aesthetic appeal of the school by establishing uniform building design codes and by physically remodeling, restoring, and expanding existing academic, athletic, and housing facilities. Centrally located, iconic Ayres Hall underwent a massive upgrade as part of Phase I of the project, with work completed in 2011. The new Student Union has seen Phase 1 completion and is currently undergoing Phase 2, along with substantial new facilities for science, the performing arts, and athletics. An expected 3,000 new parking spaces will be developed along with improved mass transit and walking spaces. The plan calls for the removal of many of the roads that bisect the campus, along with the development of two new quads, one each on the main and agricultural campuses. Restoration and renovations of existing campus buildings are expected to be conducted in concert with historical preservationists when appropriate, according to the 2001 Master Plan document.[52]

UT-McClungPlaza
View of Europa and the Bull at McClung Plaza

Student life

Activities

International House 
The International House is a popular gathering place for visiting international students and delegations and University of Tennessee students who have previously or are currently interested in studying abroad through the Programs Abroad Office. A full kitchen, meeting rooms, and a library provide support for frequent cultural events ranging from salsa dance lessons and nation-themed culture nights to Peace Corps interest meetings.[53]
Black Cultural Center 
The Black Cultural Center, or BCC, houses the Office of Minority Student Affairs and offers a student computer lab, free Spanish tutoring, and a textbook loan service for economically disadvantaged students. There is a small but well-stocked library featuring numerous works examining religious and minority issues, and the facility offers free use of its meeting rooms to campus organizations and their affiliates.[54]
Campus Events Board 
The Campus Events Board (CEB) is a student organization with nearly two hundred members that runs the majority of campus events, activities, and programs for the student body. CEB hosts around a hundred events per year and is consistently ranked as one of the best collegiate programming organizations in the nation. Examples include homecoming, lectures, concerts, raves, movies, art exhibitions, and dance performances. CEB runs both traditional events like the comedic skit competition "Carnicus" which is over a hundred years old and single-time events like musical performances or Culture Week.

Organizations

The University of Tennessee has over 450 registered student organizations. These groups cater to a variety of interests and provide options for those interested in service, sports, arts, social activities, government, politics, cultural issues, and Greek societies.[55]

The university operates two radio stations: student-run The Rock (formerly the Torch)[56] (WUTK-FM 90.3 MHz) and National Public Radio affiliate WUOT-FM 91.9 MHz. The university's first radio station was on the AM frequency 850 kHz, a donation from Knoxville radio station WIVK-AM/FM. The Phoenix, a literary art magazine, is published in the fall and spring semesters and showcases student artistic creativity.

The Volunteer Channel

The Volunteer Channel (TVC) is the university's student run television station. TVC reaches nearly 7,000 UT students in residence halls and 100,000 residents in surrounding counties on Comcast Digital Channel 194.[57]

The Daily Beacon

The Daily Beacon is the editorially independent student newspaper of UT's campus. It prints 6,000 daily copies twice weekly and produces daily online content, about the campus and the surrounding downtown areas. It began in 1906 as The Orange & White, and has been a staple on the campus landscape ever since. It is also one of the few daily collegiate newspapers in the United States.[58]

Greek institutions

The University of Tennessee hosts 22 sororities and 30 fraternities.

Fraternities
Sororities

Athletics

Tennessee Volunteers logo
UT athletics logo

Tennessee competes in the Southeastern Conference's (SEC) Eastern Division, along with Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Missouri, South Carolina, and Vanderbilt, and has longstanding football rivalries with all except for Missouri, which did not join the SEC until 2012. The only UT team that does not compete in the SEC is the women's rowing program, which competes as a single-sport member of the Big 12 Conference.

The Tennessee Lady Volunteers basketball team has won eight NCAA Division I titles (1987, 1989, 1991, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2007, 2008); only Connecticut, with nine titles, has more championships. They are currently led by Holly Warlick. She succeeded Pat Summitt, the all-time winningest basketball coach in NCAA history. Summitt's 1,000th victory occurred on February 5, 2009, and she boasts a 100 percent graduation rate for all players who finish their career at UT. Women's basketball rivals for Tennessee within the conference include Georgia, Vanderbilt, and LSU.

UT's best-known athletic facility by far is Neyland Stadium, home to the football team, which seats 102,455 people and is one of the country's largest facilities of its type.

In August 2014, University of Tennessee students were given the opportunity to vote for a name for the Neyland Stadium student section. The name "Rocky Top Rowdies" was selected over "General's Quarters", "Smokey's Howl", "Vol Army", and "Big Orange Crew." [59]

On November 10, 2014, as part of a university-wide branding overhaul, the UT athletic department announced that starting with the 2015–16 school year, all UT women's teams except for basketball would drop "Lady" from their nickname and become simply "Volunteers". The rebranding will coincide with UT's switch from Adidas to Nike as its uniform supplier.[60]

Club sports

The university also offers a number of recreational sports, many offering intercollegiate play. Sports include rugby, soccer, wrestling, hockey, running, crew, golf and paintball.[61] Teams often join intercollegiate conferences, such as the South Eastern Collegiate Hockey Conference, or play Southeastern Conference and in other rivals on a regular basis.

Colors

Charles Moore, president of the university's athletic association, chose orange and white for the school colors on April 12, 1889. His inspiration is said to have come from orange and white daisies which grew on the Hill. To this day there are still orange and white flowers grown outside the University Center. Although students confirmed the colors at a special meeting in 1892, dissatisfaction caused the colors to be dropped. No other acceptable colors could be agreed on, however, and the original colors were reinstated a day later. The University of Tennessee's official colors are UT Orange (Pantone 151), White, and Smokey Gray (Pantone 426).[62]

Pride of the Southland Band

5 min video of the open of a football game

The Pride of the Southland Band (or simply The Pride) is UT's marching band. As one of the oldest institutions at the university, the band partakes in many of the gameday traditions. At every home game, the Pride performs the "March to the Stadium" which includes a parade sequence and climaxes when the band stops at the bottom of The Hill and performs the "Salute to the Hill", an homage to the history and legacy of the university. The band is known for its pregame show at the beginning of every home game, which ends with the football team running onto the field through the "Opening of the T".

Nickname

Tennessee is known as the "Volunteer State" for the large number of Tennesseans who volunteered for duty in the War of 1812, the Mexican–American War, and the American Civil War. A UT athletic team was dubbed the Volunteers for the first time in 1902 by the Atlanta Constitution following a football game against the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets, although the Knoxville Journal and Tribune did not use the name until 1905. By the fall of 1905 both the Journal and the then-Sentinel were using the nickname.[63]

The Rock

Unearthed in the 1960s, the Rock probably soon thereafter became a "canvas" for student messages. For years the university sandblasted away the messages but eventually deferred to students' artistic endeavors. The Daily Beacon has editorialized: "Originally a smaller rock, The Rock has grown in prestige and size while thousands of coats of paint have been thrown on its jagged face. Really, its function is as an open forum for students."[64]

See also

  • Portal-puzzle.svg University of Tennessee, Knoxville portal

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  56. ^ "90.3 The Rock". WUTKradio.com. Archived from the original on December 14, 2005. Retrieved November 23, 2005.
  57. ^ TVC - The Volunteer Channel | School of Journalism & Electronic Media Archived November 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  58. ^ Beacon, The Daily. "utdailybeacon.com - The editorially independent student newspaper at the University of Tennessee, since 1906". The Daily Beacon.
  59. ^ "Student section named 'Rocky Top Rowdies'". WBIR.com. Archived from the original on September 18, 2014. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  60. ^ "One Tennessee: Branding Restructure" (Press release). University of Tennessee Athletics. November 10, 2014. Retrieved November 11, 2014.
  61. ^ "UT Knoxville | RecSports". Recsports.utk.edu. Archived from the original on June 20, 2012. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
  62. ^ "Our Primary Color". UTK.edu. UTK Office of Communications & Marketing. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  63. ^ "University of Tennessee Traditions: Volunteer Nickname". UTK.edu. Archived from the original on September 6, 2006. Retrieved August 2, 2007.
  64. ^ "University of Tennessee Traditions: The Rock". UTK.edu. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved June 13, 2011.

External links

Ahmed Johnson

Anthony Norris (born June 6, 1963) is an American retired professional wrestler and football player. He is best known for his appearances with the professional wrestling promotion World Wrestling Federation from 1995 to 1998 under the ring name Ahmed Johnson, where he held the WWF Intercontinental Championship, making him the first African American to win a singles championship in the WWF.

Appalachia

Appalachia () is a cultural region in the Eastern United States that stretches from the Southern Tier of New York to northern Alabama and Georgia. While the Appalachian Mountains stretch from Belle Isle in Canada to Cheaha Mountain in Alabama, the cultural region of Appalachia typically refers only to the central and southern portions of the range, from the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia, southwesterly to the Great Smoky Mountains. As of the 2010 United States Census, the region was home to approximately 25 million people.Since its recognition as a distinctive region in the late 19th century, Appalachia has been a source of enduring myths and distortions regarding the isolation, temperament, and behavior of its inhabitants. Early 20th century writers often engaged in yellow journalism focused on sensationalistic aspects of the region's culture, such as moonshining and clan feuding, and often portrayed the region's inhabitants as uneducated and prone to impulsive acts of violence. Sociological studies in the 1960s and 1970s helped to re-examine and dispel these stereotypes.While endowed with abundant natural resources, Appalachia has long struggled and been associated with poverty. In the early 20th century, large-scale logging and coal mining firms brought wage-paying jobs and modern amenities to Appalachia, but by the 1960s the region had failed to capitalize on any long-term benefits from these two industries. Beginning in the 1930s, the federal government sought to alleviate poverty in the Appalachian region with a series of New Deal initiatives, such as the construction of dams to provide cheap electricity and the implementation of better farming practices. On March 9, 1965, the Appalachian Regional Commission was created to further alleviate poverty in the region, mainly by diversifying the region's economy and helping to provide better health care and educational opportunities to the region's inhabitants. By 1990, Appalachia had largely joined the economic mainstream, but still lagged behind the rest of the nation in most economic indicators.

Howard Baker

Howard Henry Baker Jr. (November 15, 1925 – June 26, 2014) was an American politician and diplomat who served as a Republican US Senator from Tennessee, Senate Minority Leader, and then Senate Majority Leader.

Known in Washington, D.C., as the "Great Conciliator," Baker was often regarded as one of the most successful senators in terms of brokering compromises, enacting legislation, and maintaining civility. For example, he had a lead role in the fashioning and passing of the Clean Air Act of 1970 with Democratic senator Edmund Muskie. A moderate conservative, he was also respected by his Democratic colleagues.Baker sought the Republican presidential nomination in 1980 but dropped out after the first set of primaries. From 1987 to 1988, he served as White House Chief of Staff for President Ronald Reagan. From 2001 to 2005, he was the United States Ambassador to Japan.

J. Daniel Howard

J. Daniel Howard (born August 24, 1943) was Special Assistant to President of the United States Ronald Reagan from July 1986 to February 1988, United States Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs from February 1988 to May 1989 and Under Secretary of the Navy from 1989 to 1993.

Jimmy Haslam

James "Jimmy" Arthur Haslam III (born March 9, 1954) is the CEO of the Pilot Flying J truck stop chain and along with wife, Dee, as a co-owner, is owner of the Cleveland Browns of the National Football League and the co-owner of the Columbus Crew SC of Major League Soccer. His father, fellow businessman Jim Haslam, founded the Pilot Corporation in 1958 as the Pilot Oil Corporation.

LIFESTAR

LIFESTAR is an aeromedical transport service of the University of Tennessee Medical Center that provides regional rapid transportation of injured patients. LIFESTAR transports approximately 200 patients per month.

Lamar Alexander

Andrew Lamar Alexander Jr. (born July 3, 1940) is an American politician who is currently serving as the senior United States Senator from Tennessee, a seat he has held since 2003. A member of the Republican Party, he also was the 45th governor of Tennessee from 1979 to 1987 and the 5th United States Secretary of Education from 1991 to 1993.

Born in Maryville, Tennessee, Alexander graduated from Vanderbilt University and the New York University School of Law. After establishing a legal career in Nashville, Tennessee, Alexander ran for Governor of Tennessee in 1974, but was defeated by Democrat Ray Blanton. Alexander ran for governor again in 1978, and this time defeated his Democratic opponent. He won re-election in 1982 and served as chairman of the National Governors Association from 1985 to 1986.

Alexander served as the president of the University of Tennessee from 1988 until 1991, when he accepted appointment as Secretary of Education under President George H. W. Bush. Alexander sought the presidential nomination in the 1996 Republican primaries, but withdrew before the Super Tuesday primaries. He sought the nomination again in the 2000 Republican primaries, but dropped out after a poor showing in the Iowa Straw Poll.

In 2002, Alexander won election to succeed retiring Senator Fred Thompson. Alexander defeated Congressman Ed Bryant in the Republican primary and Congressman Bob Clement in the general election. He served as Chairman of the Senate Republican Conference from 2007 to 2012. Alexander has served as chairman of the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee since 2015. He introduced the Every Student Succeeds Act, which supplanted the No Child Left Behind Act in 2015. On December 17, 2018, Alexander announced that he would not run for a fourth term in the Senate in 2020.

Lindsey Nelson

Lindsey Nelson (May 25, 1919 – June 10, 1995) was an American sportscaster best known for his long career calling play-by-play of college football and New York Mets baseball.

Nelson spent 17 years with the Mets and three years with the San Francisco Giants. For 33 years Nelson covered college football, including 26 Cotton Bowls, five Sugar Bowls, four Rose Bowls, and 14 years announcing syndicated Notre Dame games. He is in 13 separate Halls of Fame. Fans remember a talented broadcaster, an expert storyteller, and a true sports enthusiast. From his colorful jackets to his equally colorful broadcasts and enthusiastic manner of speaking, Nelson established himself as one of the industry's leading sportscasters.

McKenzie Arena

McKenzie Arena (also called "The Roundhouse") is the primary basketball arena for the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga (UTC) in Chattanooga in the U.S. state of Tennessee. It replaced Maclellan Gymnasium, a 4,177-seat gymnasium now used for women's volleyball and wrestling. Originally called UTC Arena, it was renamed McKenzie Arena on February 21, 2000 in honor of athletic supporters Toby and Brenda McKenzie of Cleveland, Tennessee. The arena opened on October 8, 1982. It was designed by Campbell & Associates Architects with David J. Moore as the on-site architect/construction administrator.

The first season included a visit by then defending NCAA national champion North Carolina Tar Heels, a team which included Michael Jordan, Brad Daugherty, and Sam Perkins. The arena hosted the 2005, 2009, and 2011 men's Southern Conference basketball tournament and the 2005, 2009, and 2011 women's tournament championship game. In addition to basketball, the arena has hosted many ice shows, rodeos, circuses, truck rallies, and wrestling events. The arena is also home to UTC's department of intercollegiate athletics. The arena also hosted the 2006 TSSAA State Wrestling tournament.

The arena can also accommodate concerts, with a 64-by-48-foot stage and capacities of 7,463 for side-stage shows, 9,107 end-stage and 11,557 center-stage shows; ice shows, circuses and even monster truck rallies (arena floor dimensions are 151'6" by 181'9").

The arena hosted WCW Halloween Havoc in 1991 and the thirteenth WWF In Your House pay-per-view In Your House 13: Final Four in 1997. It also hosted Clash of Champions IV, the first Clash of Champions event produced by WCW. World Wrestling Entertainment continues to hold matches at the arena.

In 2011, Winter Guard International made its first trip to McKenzie for the first annual WGI MidSouth Percussion Championship.

Terrell Owens also hosted his own induction ceremony into the Pro Football Hall of Fame here on August 4th 2018.

Neyland Stadium

Neyland Stadium (pronounced NEE-land) is a sports stadium in Knoxville, Tennessee, United States. It serves primarily as the home of the Tennessee Volunteers football team, but is also used to host large conventions and has been a site for several National Football League (NFL) exhibition games. The stadium's official capacity is 102,455. Constructed in 1921, and originally called Shields–Watkins Field which is now the name of the playing surface, the stadium has undergone 16 expansion projects, at one point reaching a capacity of 104,079 before being slightly reduced by alterations in the following decade. Neyland Stadium is the fifth largest stadium in the United States, the sixth largest stadium in the world, and the second largest stadium in the Southeastern Conference. The stadium is named for Robert Neyland, who served three stints as head football coach at the University of Tennessee between 1926 and 1952.

Reggie White

Reginald Howard White (December 19, 1961 – December 26, 2004) was a professional American football player who played defensive end in the National Football League (NFL) for 15 seasons during the 1980s and 1990s. He played college football for the University of Tennessee, and was recognized as an All-American. After playing two professional seasons for the Memphis Showboats of the United States Football League (USFL), he was selected in the first round of the 1984 Supplemental Draft, and then played for the NFL's Philadelphia Eagles, Green Bay Packers, and Carolina Panthers, becoming one of the most awarded players in NFL history.

The two-time NFL Defensive Player of the Year, 13-time Pro Bowl, and 13-time All-Pro selection holds second place all-time among career sack leaders with 198 (behind Bruce Smith's 200 career sacks) and was selected to the NFL 75th Anniversary All-Time Team, NFL 1990s All-Decade Team, and the NFL 1980s All-Decade Team. During his professional career, he was also known for his Christian ministry as an ordained Evangelical minister, leading to his nickname, "the Minister of Defense". White is a member of the College Football Hall of Fame and the Pro Football Hall of Fame.

Sam Graddy

Samuel Louis Graddy III (born February 10, 1964) is a former American athlete and American football player, winner of gold medal in 4 × 100 m relay at the 1984 Summer Olympics.

Smokey (mascot)

Smokey is the mascot of the University of Tennessee sports teams. These teams, named "The Volunteers" and nicknamed "the Vols", use both a live and a costumed version of Smokey.

There is an actual Bluetick Coonhound mascot, Smokey X, who leads the Vols on the field for football games. The Alpha Gamma Rho fraternity cares for the hound on the University of Tennessee campus. There is also a costumed mascot that appears at every Vols game and has won several mascot championships.

Thompson–Boling Arena

Thompson–Boling Arena is a multi-purpose arena on the campus of the University of Tennessee in Knoxville, Tennessee. The arena opened in 1987. It is home to the Tennessee Volunteers (men) and Lady Vols (women) basketball teams. Since 2008, it has been home to the Lady Vols volleyball team. It is named after B. Ray Thompson and former university president Dr. Edward J. Boling. The basketball court is named "The Summitt" after the late Lady Vols basketball coach Pat Summitt. It replaced the Stokely Athletic Center. The mammoth octagonal building lies just northwest of the Tennessee River, and just southwest of Neyland Stadium. As an echo of its neighbor and a tribute to the brick-and-mortar pattern atop Ayres Hall, the baselines of the court are painted in the familiar orange-and-white checkerboard pattern.

University of Tennessee College of Law

The University of Tennessee College of Law is the law school of the University of Tennessee located in Knoxville, Tennessee. Founded in 1890, the College of Law is fully accredited by the American Bar Association and is a charter member of the Association of American Law Schools.

University of Tennessee Health Science Center

The University of Tennessee Health Science Center (UTHSC) in Memphis, Tennessee, United States includes the Colleges of Health Professions, Dentistry, Graduate Health Sciences, Medicine, Nursing and Pharmacy. Since 1911, the University of Tennessee Health Science Center has educated nearly 57,000 health care professionals. As of 2010, US News and World Report ranked the College of Pharmacy 17th among American pharmacy schools.The mission of the university is "to bring the benefits of the health sciences to the achievement and maintenance of human health, with a focus on the citizens of Tennessee and the region, by pursuing an integrated program of education, research, clinical care, and public service."Graduate medical education programs are located in Knoxville, Chattanooga, and Nashville; family medicine centers in Knoxville, Jackson, and Memphis; dentistry clinics in Union City, Jackson, and Bristol; and public and continuing education programs across the state. The Health Science Center is part of the statewide, multi-campus University of Tennessee system.

The University of Tennessee Health Science Center also runs the Plough Center for Sterile Drug Delivery Systems, which celebrated its 53-year anniversary in 2016. The center educates on sterile product preparation, develops basis for parenteral medications, and provides services to the pharmaceutical industry and individuals. Hands-on training in aseptic processing is also offered four times a year at the facility.

Areas of emphasis are the university's research efforts, which receive nearly $100 million in yearly grants from the National Institutes of Health and private foundations. The Translational Science Research Building and the Cancer Research Building house collaborative research teams for the UTHSC campus.

University of Tennessee Press

The University of Tennessee Press is a university press associated with the University of Tennessee.

UT Press was established in 1940 by the University of Tennessee Board of Trustees.

The University of Tennessee Press issues about 35 books each year. Its specialties include scholarly lists in African American studies, southern history, Appalachian studies, material culture, and literary studies, as well as books on regional topics written for general readers.

Notable books about Tennessee or Appalachia that were issued by the Press include:

Horace Kephart's Our Southern Highlanders (1976)

Cades Cove: A Southern Appalachian Community, by Durwood Dunn (1988)

Tennesseans and Their History by Paul Bergeron, Stephen Ash, and Jeannette Keith (1999)

The Dictionary of Smoky Mountain English by Michael Montgomery and Joseph S. Hall (2004)

Bobby Lovett's The Civil Rights Movement in Tennessee: A Narrative History, winner of the 2005 Tennessee History Book Award.

Encyclopedia of Appalachia, published in 2006 in association with the Center for Appalachian Studies and Services of East Tennessee State University. This 2,000-page resource, edited by Rudy Abramson and Jean Haskell, contains contributions from nearly 700 scholars.Six UT Press books related to Appalachia, including the Encyclopedia of Appalachia, have won the Appalachian Studies Association's annual Weatherford Award.

Four UT Press books in the field of material culture have won the Abbott Lowell Cummings Award:

Charles Martin, Hollybush: Folk Building and Social Change in an Appalachian Community (1985)

Bernard L. Herman, Architecture and Rural Life in Central Delaware, 1700–1900 (1987)

Kingston Heath, The Patina of Place: Cultural Weathering of a New England Industrial Landscape (2001)

J. Ritchie Garrison, Two Carpenters: Architecture and Building in Early New England, 1799–1859 (2007)Some other noteworthy books that UT Press has published are:

Charles Hudson's The Southeastern Indians (1976)

Jo Ann Gibson Robinson's The Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Women Who Started It (1978)

Richard Beale Davis's Intellectual Life in the Colonial South, for which Davis received the 1978 National Book Award in history

Warren Grabau's Ninety-eight Days: A Geographer's View of the Vicksburg Campaign (2000), which was named an "Outstanding Academic Title" by the magazine Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries

Laura Jarmon's Wishbone: Reference and Interpretation in Black Folk Narrative (2003), another of Choice magazine's Outstanding Academic Title.A major online publication project of the UT Press is the Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture, created in cooperation with the Tennessee Historical Society. When it first appeared in 2002, this was the second online state encyclopedia ever produced. The UT Press continues to update and expand it. According to UT Press, its long-term plans include the creation of digital editions of the Encyclopedia of Appalachia and The Dictionary of Smoky Mountain English.

University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, (commonly referred to as UT-Chattanooga, UTC, or Chattanooga) is a public university located in Chattanooga, Tennessee, United States. The university is one of three universities and two other affiliated institutions in the University of Tennessee System (UT System).

University of Tennessee at Martin

The University of Tennessee at Martin (UT Martin or UTM) is a public university in Martin, Tennessee. It is one of the five campuses of the University of Tennessee system. Prior to the acquisition of Lambuth University in Jackson by University of Memphis in 2011, UTM was the only public university in West Tennessee outside of Memphis.

UTM operates a large experimental farm and several satellite centers in West Tennessee.

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