Universities Research Association

The Universities Research Association (URA) is a consortium of over 90 leading research-oriented universities primarily in the United States, with members also in Canada, Japan, Italy, and the United Kingdom. The not-for-profit URA corporation was founded in 1965 for management and operation of research facilities in the national interest.

Universities Research Association
HeadquartersWashington, D.C., United States
Council of Presidents, Chair
Michael K. Young President, Texas A&M University
Council of Presidents, Vice Chair
Wendy Wintersteen President, Iowa State University
Executive Director
Marta Cehelsky

Purpose and Mission

The URA was founded in 1965, under the guidance of the U.S. Presidential Advisory Committee and the National Academy of Sciences. The mission of URA is to establish and operate in the national interest unique laboratories and facilities for research, development, and education in the physical and biological sciences to expand the frontiers of knowledge, foster innovation, and promote the education of future generations of scientists.[1]

Between 1965 and 2007, URA was the prime contractor to the U.S. Department of Energy (and its predecessor organizations) for the creation and operation of Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory near Batavia, Illinois. As of January 1, 2007, Fermilab is operated by the Fermi Research Alliance, LLC, a limited liability corporation with two members, Universities Research Association (URA) and the University of Chicago. Fermilab was home to the Tevatron, which, until the recent initiation of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), was for many years the world's most important highest-energy accelerator for elementary particle physics research.[1]

Fermilab’s strategic vision going forward is establishing itself as the world center for neutrino research with the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE), hosted at Fermilab in Batavia, IL. The facility required for this experiment, Long Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF), is located at Fermilab and at the Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF) in Lead, South Dakota, serving as the first major US-hosted international facility of its kind, under the eagis of an international collaboration.

Fermilab also remains the premier facility for accelerator research and development, as well as a major center for research in particle astrophysics and related astronomical sciences, having played lead roles in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, the Pierre Auger Cosmic Ray Observatory Project, the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search at the Soudan Underground Laboratory in Minnesota, and the more recent Dark Energy Survey in Chile.

Organization and Management

The corporation acts under the authority of its governing body, the Council of Presidents of its member universities. The management of corporate affairs is delegated to the Board of Trustees and the Officers of the corporation. The Washington, DC headquarters office coordinates the activities of the Council and is responsible for oversight and governance of URA’s enterprises and for corporate relations with the federal government, industry, and academe.

The URA Visiting Scholars Program

The URA Visiting Scholars Program (VSP) was established in 2007 to support the work of faculty and students from the Universities Research Association, Inc. institutions to work at Fermilab for periods of up to one year. This program, last extended by the URA Council of Presidents for the five year period 2017-2021, is supported by contributions from the URA-member universities.


Below are the 91 members of the URA.[1]

Domestic (86)





















New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina





Rhode Island

South Carolina






International (5)


  1. ^ a b c http://www.ura-hq.org/about/index.html Archived 2013-10-12 at the Wayback Machine Universities Research Association, Inc

External links

Bernard Waldman

Bernard Waldman (October 12, 1913 – November 1, 1986) was an American physicist who flew on the Hiroshima atomic bombing mission as a cameraman during World War II.

A graduate of New York University, joined the faculty of the University of Notre Dame in 1938. During World War II, he served in the United States Navy as an engineering officer. He headed a group that conducted blast measurements for the Trinity nuclear test, and served on Tinian with Project Alberta.

After the war he returned to Notre Dame. He was director of the Midwestern Universities Research Association Laboratory from 1960 to 1964, dean of its Notre Dame College of Science at Notre Dame from 1967 to 1979, and associate director of the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory from 1979 to 1983.

Donald William Kerst

Donald William Kerst (November 1, 1911 – August 19, 1993) was an American physicist who worked on advanced particle accelerator concepts (accelerator physics) and plasma physics. He is most notable for his development of the betatron, a novel type of particle accelerator used to accelerate electrons.

A graduate of the University of Wisconsin, Kerst developed the first betatron at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, where it became operational on July 15, 1940. During World War II, Kerst took a leave of absence in 1940 and 1941 to work on it with the engineering staff at General Electric, and he designed a portable betatron for inspecting dud bombs. In 1943 he joined the Manhattan Project's Los Alamos Laboratory, where he was responsible for designing and building the Water Boiler, a nuclear reactor intended to serve as a laboratory instrument.

From 1953 to 1957 Kerst was technical director of the Midwestern Universities Research Association, where he worked on advanced particle accelerator concepts, most notably the FFAG accelerator. He was then employed at General Atomics's John Jay Hopkins Laboratory from 1957 to 1962, where he worked on the problem of plasma physics. With Tihiro Ohkawa he invented toroidal devices for containing the plasma with magnetic fields. Their devices were the first to contain plasma without the instabilities that had plagued previous designs, and the first to contain plasma for lifetimes exceeding the Bohm diffusion limit.


Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), located just outside Batavia, Illinois, near Chicago, is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory specializing in high-energy particle physics. Since 2007, Fermilab has been operated by the Fermi Research Alliance, a joint venture of the University of Chicago, and the Universities Research Association (URA). Fermilab is a part of the Illinois Technology and Research Corridor.

Fermilab's Tevatron was a landmark particle accelerator; until the startup in 2008 of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) near Geneva, Switzerland, it was the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, accelerating antiprotons to energies of 500 GeV, and producing proton-proton collisions with energies of up to 1.6 TeV, the first accelerator to reach one "tera-electron-volt" energy. At 3.9 miles (6.3 km), it was the world's fourth-largest particle accelerator in circumference. One of its most important achievements was the 1995 discovery of the top quark, announced by research teams using the Tevatron's CDF and DØ detectors. It was shut down in 2011.

In addition to high-energy collider physics, Fermilab hosts fixed-target and neutrino experiments, such as MicroBooNE (Micro Booster Neutrino Experiment), NOνA (NuMI Off-Axis νe Appearance) and SeaQuest. Completed neutrino experiments include MINOS (Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search), MINOS+, MiniBooNE and SciBooNE (SciBar Booster Neutrino Experiment). The MiniBooNE detector was a 40-foot (12 m) diameter sphere containing 800 tons of mineral oil lined with 1,520 phototube detectors. An estimated 1 million neutrino events were recorded each year. SciBooNE sat in the same neutrino beam as MiniBooNE but had fine-grained tracking capabilities. The NOνA experiment uses, and the MINOS experiment used, Fermilab's NuMI (Neutrinos at the Main Injector) beam, which is an intense beam of neutrinos that travels 455 miles (732 km) through the Earth to the Soudan Mine in Minnesota and the Ash River, Minnesota, site of the NOνA far detector.

In the public realm, Fermilab is home to a native prairie ecosystem restoration project and hosts many cultural events: public science lectures and symposia, classical and contemporary music concerts, folk dancing and arts galleries. The site is open from dawn to dusk to visitors who present valid photo identification.

Asteroid 11998 Fermilab is named in honor of the laboratory.

H. Richard Crane

Horace Richard Crane (November 4, 1907 – April 19, 2007) was an American physicist, the inventor of the Race Track Synchrotron, a recipient of President Ronald Reagan's National Medal of Science "for the first measurement of the magnetic moment and spin of free electrons and positrons".

He was also noted for proving the existence of neutrinos. The National Academy of Sciences called Crane "an extraordinary physicist". The University of Michigan called him "one of the most distinguished experimental physicists of the 20th century". Crane was a chairman of the department of physics

and a professor of physics at the University of Michigan, a member of the National Academy of Sciences.During World War 2, he worked on radar at MIT and proximity fuses at the Carnegie Institution of Washington and the University of Michigan. He consulted for the National Defense Research Commission and the Office of Scientific Research and Development.From 1957 to 1960, Crane was President of the Midwestern Universities Research Association. In addition, he was President of the American Association of Physics Teachers in 1965, and on the Board of Governors of the American Institute of Physics from 1964 to 1975.Dr. Crane was a supporter of higher education all his life. He and his wife donated money and time to Washtenaw Community College, in Ann Arbor Township, Michigan, with a building being named after them. Their effort was to encourage making higher education accessible to all the residents in the county, and their efforts are documented on the campus itself.

Iowa Field House

The Iowa Field House is a multi-purpose arena in Iowa City, Iowa. Opened in 1927, it held up to 13,365 people at its height. It was home to the Iowa Hawkeyes men's basketball, Iowa Hawkeyes women's basketball and Iowa Hawkeyes wrestling teams before they moved to Carver–Hawkeye Arena in 1983. The Field House was a regional site for the NCAA Basketball Tournament four times, in 1954, 1956, 1964 and 1966. The Iowa Wrestling team hosted the 1959 NCAA Division I Wrestling Championships at the Field House.

The pool inside the facility was the home of the Iowa Hawkeyes men's and women's swimming team from its construction through the 2009-2010 season. This pool is believed to be the largest indoor pool in the world at the time of its construction. The building has been host to the University of Iowa Table Tennis Team since 2015.

Since the basketball team's departure, parts of the arena have been converted into classroom and office space for the university's Health and Human Physiology Department and Recreational Services. The swimming team continued to host events there until the construction of the Campus Recreation and Wellness Center in 2010. The gymnastics team also continue to host events at the Field House. On March 25, 2010, President Barack Obama delivered a speech in the facility on the landmark health care reform bill he signed two days earlier.

Iowa Fight Song

The "Iowa Fight Song" is one of three fight songs currently used by the University of Iowa Hawkeye Marching Band along with On Iowa and Roll Along Iowa. The music and lyrics were written by Iowa native Meredith Willson, author of The Music Man, in 1951. The song is mostly a contrafact to his hit, "It's Beginning to Look a Lot Like Christmas," much in the same way that "76 Trombones" and "Goodnight, My Someone" from The Music Man are based on the same harmonic structure.

The song was used in a 2007 commercial for the Iowa Lottery, where a Hawkeye fan sings different words to it for an instant ticket game. Meredith Willson's widow, Rosemary, protested the song's use in a lottery commercial, while university faculty members urged the athletic department to distance itself from the state lottery, fearing it would promote gambling. The ad was pulled soon after.

John Harry Williams

John Harry Williams (July 7, 1908 – April 18, 1966) was a Canadian-American physicist.

Born in the asbetos mining town of Asbestos, Quebec, he had three brothers: Elewyn, Lloyd, and Arthur. John was an active child and participated in sports, developing a lifelong interest in the outdoors. His father, a mining engineer, died during the First World War, leaving his wife Josephine Stockwell to raise the family alone. She moved the family to Kelowna, British Columbia, where John attended public high school. He matriculated to the University of British Columbia on a full scholarship, where he graduated with a B.S. degree in 1928. During his last year at the University, he was married to Vera Martin; the couple would have three children. Williams performed his graduate studies at the University of California, Berkeley, where he was awarded an M.A. degree in 1930 and a Ph.D. the following year. In his first year of graduate school he published his first paper about a double crystal x-ray spectrometer.He joined the University of Chicago with a postdoctoral fellowship from the National Research Council during 1931–1933, then became an instructor of physics at the University of Minnesota. In 1934 he was named Assistant Professor, then Associate Professor in 1937 and full professor in 1946. Dr. Williams would remain a member of the University of Minnesota physics faculty for the remainder of his career. Initially, his work at Minnesota was in the field of ionization and dissociation of gases, but he developed an interest in nuclear physics. Together with William H. Wells, he worked on a Van de Graaff generator with the goal of generating 1 MeV of energy for nuclear physics research. This was found insufficiently energetic, so in 1937 funds were obtained from the Rockefeller Foundation for construction of a 3 MeV generator.During the Second World War, he obtained his U.S. citizenship and became a contract researcher for the U.S. Office of Scientific Research and Development in 1942, then during 1943–46 he served as head of the Electrostatic Generator Group for the Manhattan Project, being placed in charge of Van de Graaff work. He began a study of neutron cross-section measurements for the atomic bomb program. In 1945, he was deputy director of the first atomic bomb explosion, known as Trinity. He assisted with the Bikini atomic experiments in 1946 before returning to his position at the University of Minnesota. In 1951 at the age of 43, it was discovered that he had cancer. He would undergo medical treatment in an effort to combat the condition, which was finally brought under limited control in 1960. However, he suffered flare ups that would last for the remainder of his life.Dr. Williams was instrumental in obtaining funding from the Atomic Energy Commission for the construction of a 50-MeV linear proton accelerator at the University, which became operational during the 1950s. During 1955–58 he served on the board of the Midwest Universities Research Association, and was the president in 1956–57. He was appointed Director of the Research Division for the Atomic Energy Commission in 1958. The following year he was appointed Atomic Energy Commissioner by U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower. From 1960–66, he was a member of the General Advisory Committee for the United States Atomic Energy Commission. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1961 and was president of the American Physical Society in 1963. In 1965, he was named as president of the Argonne Universities Association.Dr. Williams died of pneumonia in Minneapolis, Minnesota on April 18, 1966. During his career, he was awarded honorary doctorate of science by the University of British Columbia and an honorary doctorate of engineering from the Pennsylvania Military College.


KSUI (91.7 FM) is a radio station broadcasting a Classical music format. Located near Iowa City, Iowa, United States, the station serves the Cedar Rapids and Iowa City areas. The station is currently owned by the University of Iowa. It is the flagship station of Iowa Public Radio's classical music network.

KSUI broadcasts in HD.

Keith Symon

Keith Randolph Symon was an American physicist working in the fields of accelerator physics and plasma physics. Born March 25, 1920, he died December 16, 2013. Symon graduated summa cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa, from Harvard in 1942 with a BA in Philosophy and Mathematics. In 1948 he was awarded a PhD in Physics. He taught physics at Wayne State University in Detroit until 1955. Symon was professor of physics at the University of Wisconsin until his retirement in 1992 when he became emeritus professor. From 1956 to 1967 he was on the staff of the Midwestern Universities Research Association (MURA), a collaboration of Big Ten universities, the University of Chicago and Notre Dame. In 1982 and 1983 he was acting director of the Madison Academic Computing Center and from 1983 to 1985, acting director of the UW-Madison Synchrotron Radiation Center. His textbook, "Mechanics", has been a staple in physics classes since publication of the first edition in 1953. It has been published in multiple languages and is still in use around the world.

Symon was awarded the Particle Accelerator and Technology Award of the IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Science Society in 2003. With four colleagues from around the country, he published "Innovation Was Not Enough -- A History of the Midwestern Universities Research Association", in 2010. He was an internationally recognized figure in plasma physics and particle accelerator design. He contributed to the work at Fermi Lab, Argonne National Laboratory (he chaired the Argonne Accelerator Users Group in the 60s), Brookhaven National Lab, labs in Los Alamos and La Jolla, and did early research for the Hadron collider at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland, where he and his family lived for a year in 1962-1963. His work took him to Europe, Japan, China, India, Russia, and Australia. He taught himself useful French, German, Dutch, Russian, and some Chinese.

He is known for the development of the FFAG accelerator concept in parallel to Tihiro Ohkawa and Andrei Kolomensky. He worked for the Midwestern Universities Research Association with Donald Kerst and received the APS Robert R. Wilson Prize in 2005.

Lawrence W. Jones

Lawrence W. Jones (born 1925) is a professor emeritus in the Physics Department at the University of Michigan. His field of interest is high energy particle physics.

Mid Atlantic Terascale Partnership

The Mid Atlantic Terascale Partnership (MATP) is a consortium cofounded by the University of Virginia and Virginia Tech to facilitate access to the National LambdaRail in Virginia, Maryland, and Washington DC. MATP members have NLR member network access rights through a license granted by the Virginia Tech Foundation. MATP also provides a forum for collaboration for terascale computing and high performance networking among members. Membership is open to any university, government agency, or commercial research institution in the mid-atlantic region.

MATP operates an NLR network access facility in McLean Virginia. This facility provides access to NLR's Layer2 and Layer3 networks as well as Internet2's Abilene Network and commodity Internet services for member participants.

Past members (as of December 2005) included:

College of William and Mary

George Mason University

J. Craig Venter Institute


Oak Ridge Associated Universities (associate member)

Old Dominion University

Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA) on behalf of Jefferson Lab (DOE) and other SURA programs

University of Virginia

Virginia Commonwealth University

Virginia Tech

Midwestern Universities Research Association

The Midwestern Universities Research Association (MURA) was a collaboration between 15 universities with the goal of designing and building a particle accelerator for the Midwestern United States. It existed between 1953–1967, but could not achieve its goal in this time and lost funding. It was thought that President John F. Kennedy would have supported the MURA machine, while one of President Lyndon B. Johnson's first actions was the shutdown of the MURA machine and laboratory.

In its formative years, Donald Kerst was the director of MURA. At this institution, Keith Symon invented the FFAG accelerator, independently to Tihiro Ohkawa, which combines several concepts of cyclotrons and synchrotrons. FFAG concepts were extensively developed in MURA. The proposed MURA accelerators were scaling FFAG synchrotrons, meaning that orbits of any momentum are photographic enlargements of those of any other momentum.

The concept of FFAG acceleration was revived in the early 1980s, and gained interest up to the present day, see e.g. EMMA (accelerator).

Roll Along Iowa

"Roll Along Iowa" is one of three fight songs currently used by the University of Iowa Hawkeye Marching Band along with On Iowa and the Iowa Fight Song. The lyrics were written by John Woodman in 1954.

Rutgers University

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (), commonly referred to as Rutgers University, Rutgers, or RU, is a public research university in New Jersey. It is the largest institution of higher education in New Jersey.

Rutgers was originally chartered as Queen's College on November 10, 1766. It is the eighth-oldest college in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution. The college was renamed Rutgers College in 1825 in honor of Colonel Henry Rutgers. For most of its existence, Rutgers was a private liberal arts college but it evolved into a coeducational public research university after being designated "The State University of New Jersey" by the New Jersey Legislature in laws enacted in 1945 and 1956.Rutgers has three campuses located throughout New Jersey: New Brunswick campus in New Brunswick and adjacent Piscataway, the Newark campus, and the Camden campus. The university has additional facilities elsewhere in the state. Instruction is offered by 9,000 faculty members in 175 academic departments to over 45,000 undergraduate students and more than 20,000 graduate and professional students. The university is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools and is a member of the Big Ten Academic Alliance, the Association of American Universities and the Universities Research Association. The New Brunswick campus was categorized by Howard and Matthew Green in their book titled The Public Ivies: America's Flagship Public Universities (2001) as a Public Ivy.

Southeastern Universities Research Association

The Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA) is a consortium of 63 universities in the United States and 1 in Canada. Together with Pacific Architects and Engineers (PAE), the Association operates the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility in Newport News, Virginia. In addition to Jefferson Lab, SURA supports information technology initiatives and coastal and environmental research.

Member Institutions:

The University of Alabama

The University of Alabama at Birmingham

The University of Alabama in Huntsville

University of Arkansas

Auburn University

Baylor University

The Catholic University of America

University of Central Florida

Christopher Newport University

Clark Atlanta University

Clemson University

University of Delaware

Duke University

University of Florida

Florida Atlantic University

Florida Institute of Technology

Florida International University

Florida State University

The George Washington University

Georgetown University

The University of Georgia

Georgia Institute of Technology

Georgia State University

Hampton University

James Madison University

University of Kentucky

University of Louisiana at Lafayette

Louisiana State University

Louisiana Tech University

University of Maryland, College Park

University of Maryland, Baltimore County

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

University of Miami

The University of Mississippi

Norfolk State University

North Carolina A&T State University

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

North Carolina State University

The University of Oklahoma

Old Dominion University

University of Regina

Rice University

University of Richmond

University of South Carolina

University of South Florida

The University of Southern Mississippi

The University of Tennessee

The University of Texas at Austin

Texas A&M University

Tulane University

Vanderbilt University

University of Virginia

Virginia Commonwealth University

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Virginia State University

West Virginia University

College of William and MaryAffiliate Members:

Idaho State University

University of North Florida

Ohio University

Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), commonly called Jefferson Lab or JLab, is a US National Laboratory located in Newport News, Virginia. Its stated mission is "to provide forefront scientific facilities, opportunities and leadership essential for discovering the fundamental structure of nuclear matter; to partner in industry to apply its advanced technology; and to serve the nation and its communities through education and public outreach."

Since June 1, 2006, it has been operated by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC, a limited liability company created by Southeastern Universities Research Association and PAE Applied Technologies. Until 1996 it was known as the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF); commonly, this name is still used for the main accelerator. Founded in 1984, Jefferson Lab employs more than 675 people, and more than 2,000 scientists from around the world have conducted research using the facility.


URA is an acronym which may refer to:

The IATA code for Oral Ak Zhol Airport in Kazakhstan

Uganda Revenue Authority

Uganda Revenue Authority SC, a Kampala football club

Unió de Radioaficionats Andorrans, an amateur radio organization in Andorra

United Red Army, a revolutionary group in Japan

Universities Research Association

Urban Redevelopment Authority of Singapore

Urban Redevelopment Authority of Pittsburgh

Urban Renewal Authority of Hong Kong

Uniformly Redundant Array, a type of Coded aperture

United Reform Action, a political party in Montenegro

University of Iowa

The University of Iowa (UI, U of I, UIowa, or simply Iowa) is a public research university in Iowa City, Iowa. Founded in 1847, it is the oldest and the second largest university in the state. The University of Iowa is organized into 11 colleges offering more than 200 areas of study and seven professional degrees.Located on an urban 1,880 acre campus on the banks of the Iowa River, the University of Iowa is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity." The university is best known for its programs in health care, law, and the fine arts, with programs ranking among the top 25 nationally in those areas. The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics and the Stead Family Children's Hospital are ranked nationally by U.S. News and World Report in eleven specialties. The university was the original developer of the Master of Fine Arts degree and it operates the Iowa Writer's Workshop, which has produced 17 of the university's 46 Pulitzer Prize winners. Iowa is a member of the Association of American Universities, the Universities Research Association, and the Big Ten Academic Alliance.

Among American universities, the University of Iowa was the first public university to open as coeducational, opened the first coeducational medical school, and opened the first Department of Religious Studies at a public university. The University of Iowa's 33,000 students take part in nearly 500 student organizations. Iowa's 22 varsity athletic teams, the Iowa Hawkeyes, compete in Division I of the NCAA and are members of the Big Ten Conference. The University of Iowa alumni network exceeds 250,000 graduates located around the globe.

University of Pisa

The University of Pisa (Italian: Università di Pisa, UniPi) is an Italian public research university located in Pisa, Italy. It was founded in 1343 by an edict of Pope Clement VI. It is the 19th oldest extant university in the world and the 10th oldest in Italy. The university is ranked within the top 10 nationally and the top 400 in the world according to the ARWU and the QS. It houses the Orto botanico di Pisa, Europe's oldest academic botanical garden, which was founded in 1544.

The University of Pisa is part of the Pisa University System, which includes the Scuola Normale Superiore and the Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies. The university has about 50,000 students (of which 46,000 are undergraduate and postgraduate studies, and 3,500 are doctoral and specialization studies).

In the fields of philology and cultural studies, the University of Pisa is a leading member of ICoN, an inter-university consortium of 21 Italian universities supported by the Ministry of Education, Universities and Research, as well as a member of the European University Association, the Partnership of a European Group of Aeronautics and Space Universities network and the Cineca consortium. It's the only university in Italy which has become a member of the Universities Research Association.Among its notable graduates there are several national and foreign political leaders including two Italian presidents, five Popes, five Italian prime ministers and three Nobel Laureates as students, faculty or staff affiliates.

Pisa has an intense athletic rivalry with the University of Pavia, which traditionally culminates in the Pisa-Pavia Regatta (Regata Pisa-Pavia), the oldest competition of this kind in Italy, and second in Europe only to the Oxford Cambridge boat race.In 2013, the University of Pisa finished with La Sapienza University of Rome in first place among the Italian universities, according to the Academic Ranking of World Universities.

Universities Research Association

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