Universiade

The Universiade is an international multi-sport event, organized for university athletes by the International University Sports Federation (FISU). The name is a combination of the words "University" and "olympiad". The Universiade is often referred to in English as the World University Games or World Student Games; however, this latter term can also refer to competitions for sub-University grades students. The Universiade is the largest multi-sport event in the world apart from the Olympic Games.[1]. The most recent games were in 2017: the Winter Universiade was in Almaty, Kazakhstan, while the Summer Universiade was held in Taipei, Taiwan. The next games are scheduled 2019 Winter Universiade in Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation, between 2 and 12 March 2019 and the 2019 Summer Universiade in Naples, Italy between 3 and 14 July.

Universiade
FISU flag2
Statusactive
Genresporting event
Frequencybiennial
Location(s)various
Inaugurated1959 (summer)
1960 (winter)
Organised byFISU

Precursors

The idea of a global international sports competition between student-athletes pre-dates the 1949 formation of the International University Sports Federation (FISU), which now hosts the Universiade. English peace campaigner Hodgson Pratt was an early advocate of such an event, proposing (and passing) a motion at the 1891 Universal Peace Congress in Rome to create a series of international student conferences in rotating host capital cities, with activities including art and sport. This did not come to pass, but a similar event was created in Germany in 1909 in the form of the Academic Olympia. Five editions were held from 1909 to 1913, all of which were hosted in Germany following the cancellation of an Italy-based event.[2]

2017臺北世界大學運動會開幕典禮 12
Opening ceremony of the 2017 Summer Universiade

At the start of the 20th century, Jean Petitjean of France began attempting to organise a "University Olympic Games". After discussion with Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic Games, Petitjean was convinced not to use the word "Olympic" in the tournament's name.[2] Petitjean, and later the Confederation Internationale des Etudiants (CIE), was the first to build a series of international events, beginning with the 1923 International Universities Championships. This was followed by the renamed 1924 Summer Student World Championships a year later and two further editions were held in 1927 and 1928. Another name change resulted in the 1930 International University Games. The CIE's International University Games was held four more times in the 1930s before having its final edition in 1947.[3][4]

Fotothek df roe-neg 0006159 005 Blick auf das Spielfeld und die Zuschauertribüne
A student football match held at the 3rd World Festival of Youth and Students

A separate group organised an alternative university games in 1939 in Vienna, in post-Anschluss Germany.[3] The onset of World War II ceased all major international student sport activities and the aftermath also led to division among the movement, as the CIE was disbanded and rival organisations emerged. The Union Internationale des Étudiants (UIE) incorporated a university sports games into the World Festival of Youth and Students from 1947–1962, including one separate, unofficial games in 1954. This event principally catered for Eastern European countries.[5]

After the closure of the CIE and the creation of the first UIE-organised games, FISU came into being in 1949 and held its own first major student sport event the same year in the form of the 1949 Summer International University Sports Week. The Sports Week was held biennially until 1955. Like the CIE's games before it, the FISU events were initially Western-led sports competitions.[3]

Division between the largely Western European FISU and Eastern European UIE eventually began to dissipate among broadened participation at the 1957 World University Games. This event was not directly organised by either group, instead being organised by Jean Petitjean in France (which remained neutral to the split), but all respective nations from the groups took part. The FISU-organised Universiade became the direct successor to this competition, maintaining the biennial format into the inaugural 1959 Universiade. It was not until the 1957 World University Games that the Soviet Union began to compete in FISU events. That same year, what had previously been a European competition became a truly global one, with the inclusion of Brazil, Japan and the United States among the competing nations. The increased participation ultimately led to the establishment of the Universiade as the primary global student sport championship.[2][3]

Precursor events

Precursor events
Year Event Organiser Host city Host country
1923 International Universities Championships CIE Paris  France
1924 Summer Student World Championships CIE Warsaw  Poland
1927 Summer Student World Championships CIE Rome  Italy
1928 Summer Student World Championships CIE Paris  France
1930 International University Games CIE Darmstadt  Germany
1933 International University Games CIE Turin  Italy
1935 International University Games CIE Budapest  Hungary
1937 International University Games CIE Paris  France
1939 International University Games CIE Monte Carlo  Monaco
1939 International University Games Vienna  ITA
1947 International University Games CIE Paris  France
1947 World Festival of Youth and Students UIE Prague  Czechoslovakia
1949 World Festival of Youth and Students UIE Budapest  Hungary
1949 Summer International University Sports Week FISU Merano  Italy
1951 World Festival of Youth and Students UIE East Berlin  East Germany
1951 Summer International University Sports Week FISU Luxembourg  Luxembourg
1953 World Festival of Youth and Students UIE Bucharest  Romania
1953 Summer International University Sports Week FISU Dortmund  West Germany
1955 World Festival of Youth and Students UIE Warsaw  Poland
1955 Summer International University Sports Week FISU San Sebastián  Spain
1957 World Festival of Youth and Students UIE Moscow  Soviet Union
1957 World University Games CIE Paris  France
1959 World Festival of Youth and Students UIE Vienna  Austria
1962 World Festival of Youth and Students UIE Helsinki  Finland

Summer Universiade

Location map

Universiade is located in Earth

Editions

Games Year Host country
(as recognized by FISU)
Host city Opened by Dates Nations Competitors Sports Events Top nation
1 1959  Italy Turin Giovanni Gronchi 26 August – 7 September 45 985 7 60  Italy
2 1961  Bulgaria Sofia Dimitar Ganev 25 August – 3 September 32 1270 9 68  Soviet Union
3 1963  Brazil Porto Alegre Paulo de Tarso Santos 30 August – 8 September 27 917 9 70  Soviet Union
4 1965  Hungary Budapest István Dobi 20–30 August 32 1729 9 74  Hungary
5 1967  Japan Tokyo Hirohito 27 August – 4 September 30 937 10 83  United States
6 1970  Italy Turin Giuseppe Saragat 26 August – 6 September 40 2080 9 82  Soviet Union
7 1973  Soviet Union Moscow Leonid Brezhnev 15–25 August 72 2765 10 111  Soviet Union
8 1975  Italy Rome Giovanni Leone 18–21 August 38 450 1 38  Soviet Union
9 1977  Bulgaria Sofia Todor Zhivkov 17–28 August 78 2939 10 101  Soviet Union
10 1979  Mexico Mexico City José López Portillo 2–13 September 85 2974 10 97  Soviet Union
11 1981  Romania Bucharest Nicolae Ceauşescu 19–30 July 86 2912 10 133  Soviet Union
12 1983  Canada Edmonton Charles, Prince of Wales 1–12 July 73 2400 10 118  Soviet Union
13 1985  Japan Kobe Akihito 24 August – 4 September 106 3949 11 123  Soviet Union
14 1987  Yugoslavia Zagreb Lazar Mojsov 8–19 July 122 6423 12 139  United States
15 1989 Flag of Germany (state).svg West Germany Duisburg Helmut Kohl 22–30 August 79 1785 4 66  Soviet Union
16 1991  United Kingdom Sheffield Anne, Princess Royal 14–25 July 101 3346 11 119  United States
17 1993  United States Buffalo Bill Clinton 8–18 July 118 3582 12 135  United States
18 1995  Japan Fukuoka Akihito 23 August – 3 September 118 3949 12 144  United States
19 1997  Italy Sicily Oscar Luigi Scalfaro 20–31 August 122 3582 10 129  United States
20 1999  Spain Palma de Mallorca Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo 3–13 July 114 4076 12 142  United States
21 2001  China Beijing Jiang Zemin 22 August – 1 September 165 6757 12 170  China
22 2003  South Korea Daegu Roh Moo-hyun 21–31 August 174 7180 13 189  China
23 2005  Turkey Izmir Ahmet Necdet Sezer 11–22 August 133 7816 15 195  Russia
24 2007  Thailand Bangkok Vajiralongkorn 8–18 August 150 12000 15 236  China
25 2009 Flag of Serbia.svg Serbia Belgrade Mirko Cvetković 1–12 July 145 5379 15 203  Russia
26 2011  China Shenzhen Hu Jintao 12–23 August 165 7999 24 306  China
27 2013  Russia Kazan Vladimir Putin 6–17 July 162 10442 27 351  Russia
28 2015  South Korea Gwangju Park Geun-hye 3–14 July 142 12885 21 274  South Korea
29 2017  Chinese Taipei1 Taipei Tsai Ing-wen 19–30 August 145 11397 22 272  Japan
30 2019  Italy Naples 3–14 July 170 12000 18 244
31 2021  China Chengdu 8-19 August 19

1 The Taiwan Republic of China (Taiwan) is recognised as Chinese Taipei by FISU and the majority of international organisations it participates in due to political considerations and Cross-Strait relations with the People's Republic of China.

Top 10 medal table

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States4904213891300
2 China422295246963
3 Russia4133443811138
4 Soviet Union406329252987
5 Japan3213154051041
6 South Korea227182222631
7 Italy180195245620
8 Ukraine173177171521
9 Romania146125141412
10 Germany116151208475
Totals (10 nations)2894253426608088

Winter Universiade

Location map

Universiade is located in Earth

Editions

Games Year Host country Host city Opened by Dates Nations Competitors Sports Events Top nation
Total Men Women
1 1960  France Chamonix Charles de Gaulle 28 February – 6 March 16 145 5 13  France
2 1962 Civil Ensign of Switzerland (Pantone).svg Switzerland Villars Paul Chaudet 6–12 March 22 330 6 12  West Germany
3 1964  Czechoslovakia Špindlerův Mlýn Antonín Novotný 11–17 February 21 410 5 15  West Germany
4 1966  Italy Sestriere Giuseppe Saragat 5–13 February 29 434 6 19  Soviet Union
5 1968  Austria Innsbruck Franz Jonas 21–28 January 26 589 7 23  Soviet Union
6 1970  Finland Rovaniemi Urho Kekkonen 3–9 April 25 591 7 24  Soviet Union
7 1972  United States Lake Placid Richard Nixon 26 February – 5 March 23 410 7 25  Soviet Union
8 1975  Italy Livigno Giovanni Leone 6–13 April 15 191 2 13  Soviet Union
9 1978  Czechoslovakia Špindlerův Mlýn Gustáv Husák 5–12 February 21 347 7 16  Soviet Union
10 1981  Spain Jaca Juan Carlos I 25 February – 4 March 28 347 7 19  Soviet Union
11 1983  Bulgaria Sofia Todor Zhivkov 17–27 February 28 347  Soviet Union
12 1985  Italy Belluno Sandro Pertini 16–24 February 34  Soviet Union
13 1987  Czechoslovakia Štrbské Pleso Gustáv Husák 21–28 February 21 347  Czechoslovakia
14 1989  Bulgaria Sofia Todor Zhivkov 2–12 March 21 347  Soviet Union
15 1991  Japan Sapporo Naruhito 2–10 March 34  Japan
16 1993  Poland Zakopane Lech Wałęsa 6–14 February 41  Japan
17 1995  Spain Jaca Juan Carlos I 18–28 February 41  South Korea
18 1997  South Korea Muju-Jeonju Kim Young-sam 24 January – 2 February 48  Japan
19 1999  Slovakia Poprad-Vysoké Tatry Rudolf Schuster 22–30 January 40  Russia
20 2001  Poland Zakopane Aleksander Kwaśniewski 7–17 February 41  Russia
21 2003  Italy Tarvisio Renzo Tondo 16–26 January 46  Russia
22 2005  Austria Innsbruck-Seefeld Heinz Fischer 12–22 January 50 1,500  Austria
23 2007  Italy Turin George Killian 17–27 January 48  South Korea
24 2009  China Harbin Liu Yandong 18–28 February 44 2,326  China
25 2011  Turkey Erzurum Abdullah Gül 27 January-6 February 52 1,880  Russia
26 2013  Italy Trentino Ugo Rossi 11–21 December 50 1,725  Russia
27 2015  Slovakia Štrbské Pleso-Osrblie Andrej Kiska 24 January – 1 February 43 1,551 11 68  Russia
 Spain Granada Felipe VI 4–14 February
28 2017  Kazakhstan Almaty Nursultan Nazarbayev 29 January – 8 February 57 1,604 12 85  Russia
29 2019  Russia Krasnoyarsk Vladimir Putin (expected) 2–12 March 50 3,000 11 76
30 2021 Civil Ensign of Switzerland (Pantone).svg Switzerland Lucerne 20–31 January
31 2023  United States Lake Placid[6] 19–29 January

Top 10 medal table

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Russia167149142458
2 Soviet Union1119670277
3 South Korea997367239
4 Japan9010192283
5 China736375211
6 Czechoslovakia524925126
7 France504648144
8 Italy495658163
9 Poland485764169
10 Austria464453143
Totals (10 nations)7857346942213

See also

References

  1. ^ "Summer Universiade". www.fisu.net. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Bell, Daniel (2003). Encyclopedia of International Games. McFarland and Company, Inc. Publishers, Jefferson, North Carolina. ISBN 0-7864-1026-4.
  3. ^ a b c d World Student Games (pre-Universiade). GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2010-12-10.
  4. ^ FISU History. FISU. Retrieved on 2014-12-09.
  5. ^ World Student Games (UIE). GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2014-12-09.
  6. ^ "Lake Placid set to host 2023 Winter Universiade after MoU signed with FISU". Inside the Games. 6 March 2018.

External links

1995 Summer Universiade

The 1995 Summer Universiade, also known as the XVIII Summer Universiade, took place in Fukuoka, Japan.

2005 Summer Universiade

The 2005 Summer Universiade, also known as the XXIII Summer Universiade, took place in İzmir, Turkey.

2007 Summer Universiade

The 2007 Summer Universiade, also known as the XXIV Summer Universiade, took place in Bangkok, Thailand.

2009 Summer Universiade

The 2009 Summer Universiade, officially known as the XXV Summer Universiade, was celebrated in Belgrade, Serbia from July 1 to 12, 2009. The event has also been organised by a range of co-host cities mostly in Vojvodina (Serbian Autonomous Province), close to Belgrade. It was the largest sporting event ever to be organised by the city. At this Universiade the biggest star was the Russian rhythmic gymnast Evgeniya Kanaeva, who won 5 gold medals. Russia was the leading nation in the medal table, with the most gold medals (27) and most medals (76).

2011 Summer Universiade

The 2011 Summer Universiade, the XXVI Summer Universiade, was hosted in Shenzhen, Guangdong, China.

2013 Summer Universiade

The 2013 Summer Universiade, officially known as the XXVII Summer Universiade, was held in the city of Kazan (Russia), the most northerly city ever to host a Summer Universiade. Over 10,400 university athletes from 162 countries participated in 13 mandatory and 14 optional sports, making the 2013 Universiade the biggest ever in the history of the event. For the first time in history a Cultural Universiade was also included, with many festivals and shows held simultaneously with the sporting events. The Universiade was organized by the International University Sports Federation (FISU) and by the authorities of the Republic of Tatarstan.

2015 Summer Universiade

The 2015 Summer Universiade, officially known as the XXVIII Summer Universiade, was held in the city of Gwangju, South Korea. It took place from July 3 to July 14, 2015.

2017 Summer Universiade

The 2017 Summer Universiade (Chinese: 2017年夏季世界大學運動會; pinyin: 2017 Nián Xiàjì Shìjiè Dàxué Yùndònghuì), the XXIX Summer Universiade, commonly known as the Taipei 2017 Universiade, took place in Taipei, Taiwan from 19 August to 30 August 2017.

2019 Winter Universiade

The 2019 Winter Universiade (Russian: Зимняя Универсиада 2019) will be an international student and youth competition, which is scheduled to take place from 2–12 March 2019 in the Russian city of Krasnoyarsk.

On November 9, 2013, at the meeting of the Executive Committee of the International University Sports Federation (FISU) in Brussels, Krasnoyarsk was unanimously elected as the host city of the 29th Winter Universiade 2019. Students aged 17 to 25, and graduates who have received an academic degree or diploma in the year preceding the competitions are allowed to participate in the competition.

The 2019 Winter Universiade is the second Universiade to be hosted by Russia. The first Universiade was hosted by Kazan in 2013, whereas Moscow hosted the 1973 Summer Universiade.

Athletics at the 2005 Summer Universiade

The athletics competition in the 2005 Summer Universiade was held on the İzmir Atatürk Stadyumu in İzmir, Turkey, between 15 August and 20 August 2005.

Athletics at the 2011 Summer Universiade

The athletics competition at the 2011 Summer Universiade has been held at the New Shenzhen Stadium in Shenzhen, China from August 16 to August 21, 2011.

Athletics at the Summer Universiade

Athletics is one of the sports at the biennial Universiade competition. It has been one of the event's competed sports since the inaugural edition.

Badminton at the Summer Universiade

Badminton competition has been in the Universiade since 2007, with singles, doubles and mixed events for both men and women.

Basketball at the Summer Universiade

Basketball tournaments have been staged at the Universiade since 1959. The men's tournament was introduced at the 1959 Summer Universiade and the women's tournament was introduced at the 1961 Summer Universiade. The tournament was not held during the 1975 event.

Figure skating at the Winter Universiade

Figure skating is a part of the Winter Universiade. It was first held as part of the Universiade in 1960. Medals may be awarded in men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, ice dancing, and synchronized skating.

Football at the Summer Universiade

Men's Association football was a Summer Universiade sport from the 1979 edition. In the 1979 edition, it was an optional sport. From 1985, football was a recognized mandatory sport. The women's football competition began in the 1993 edition.

International University Sports Federation

The Fédération Internationale du Sport Universitaire (FISU, English: International University Sports Federation) is responsible for the organisation and governance of worldwide sports competitions for student-athletes between the ages of 17 and 28. It was founded in 1949 as the world governing body of national university sports organisations and currently has 174 member associations (National University Sport Federations) from five continents. Between 1949 and 2011, it was based in Brussels (Belgium); since 2011, it is based in Lausanne (Switzerland).

It is the only international federation with more than 50 sports on its competition program. The FISU stages its events every two years. They currently include two Universiades (summer and winter) and 34 World University Championships.

Meanwhile, FISU permanently links the academic world with sports by hosting a number of educational events – conferences, forums and seminars. These events closely assist in promoting sport as one of the main components of the educational system.FISU sanctions other competitions open to university students, such as the biennial World University Bridge Championships in contract bridge, "played under the auspices of the FISU".

List of Universiade records in athletics

This is the list of Universiade records in athletics.

Swimming at the Summer Universiade

Swimming is one of the sports at the biennial Universiade competition. It has been one of the event's competed sports since the inaugural edition. It was not included in 1975 and 1989.

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