United States presidential elections in Ohio

Following is a table of United States presidential elections in Ohio, ordered by year. Since its admission to statehood in 1803, Ohio has participated in every U.S. presidential election.

Winners of the state are in bold.

Party abbreviations:

Presidential elections in Ohio
Map of the United States with Ohio highlighted
No. of elections54
Voted Democratic17
Voted Republican28
Voted Whig3
Voted Democratic-Republican6
Voted other0
Voted for winning candidate45
Voted for losing candidate9

Elections from 1864 to present

Year Winner (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Other national
candidates[a]
Votes Percent Electoral
Votes
Notes
2016 * Donald Trump (R) 2,841,006 51.31 Hillary Clinton (D) 2,394,169 43.24 - 18 * Clinton (D) won national popular vote 48.0% to 45.9%
2012 Barack Obama (D) 2,827,710 50.67 Mitt Romney (R) 2,661,433 47.69 - 18
2008 Barack Obama (D) 2,940,044 51.50 John McCain (R) 2,677,820 46.91 - 20
2004 George W. Bush (R) 2,859,768 50.81 John Kerry (D) 2,741,167 48.71 - 20
2000 * George W. Bush (R) 2,351,209 49.97 Al Gore (D) 2,186,190 46.46 - 21 * Gore (D) won national popular vote, 48.4% to 47.9%
1996 Bill Clinton (D) 2,148,222 47.38 Bob Dole (R) 1,859,883 41.02 Ross Perot (Reform) 483,207 10.66 21
1992 Bill Clinton (D) 1,984,942 40.18 George H. W. Bush (R) 1,894,310 38.35 Ross Perot 1,036,426 20.98 21
1988 George H. W. Bush (R) 2,416,549 55.00 Michael Dukakis (D) 1,939,629 44.15 - 23
1984 Ronald Reagan (R) 2,678,560 58.90 Walter Mondale (D) 1,825,440 40.14 - 23
1980 Ronald Reagan (R) 2,206,545 51.51 Jimmy Carter (D) 1,752,414 40.91 John B. Anderson 254,472 5.94 25
1976 Jimmy Carter (D) 2,011,621 48.92 Gerald Ford (R) 2,000,505 48.65 - 25
1972 Richard Nixon (R) 2,441,827 59.63 George McGovern (D) 1,558,889 38.07 - 25
1968 Richard Nixon (R) 1,791,014 45.23 Hubert Humphrey (D) 1,700,586 42.95 George Wallace (Am. Ind.) 467,495 11.81 26
1964 Lyndon B. Johnson (D) 2,498,331 62.94 Barry Goldwater (R) 1,470,865 37.06 - 26
1960 John F. Kennedy (D) 1,944,248 46.72 Richard Nixon (R) 2,217,611 53.28 - 25
1956 Dwight D. Eisenhower (R) 2,262,610 61.11 Adlai Stevenson II (D) 1,439,655 38.89 T. Coleman Andrews/
Unpledged Electors[b]
- 25
1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower (R) 2,100,391 56.76 Adlai Stevenson II (D) 1,600,367 43.24 - 25
1948 Harry S. Truman (D) 1,452,791 49.48 Thomas E. Dewey (R) 1,445,684 49.24 Strom Thurmond (States' Rights D) - 25 Henry Wallace (Prog.) won 1.3% of Ohio's votes
1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) 1,570,763 49.82 Thomas E. Dewey (R) 1,582,293 50.18 - 25
1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) 1,733,139 52.2 Wendell Willkie (R) 1,586,773 47.8 - 26
1936 Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) 1,747,140 57.99 Alf Landon (R) 1,127,855 37.44 - 26
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) 1,301,695 49.88 Herbert Hoover (R) 1,227,319 47.03 - 26
1928 Herbert Hoover (R) 1,627,546 64.89 Al Smith (D) 864,210 34.45 - 24
1924 Calvin Coolidge (R) 1,176,130 58.33 John W. Davis (D) 477,888 23.7 Robert M. La Follette Sr. (Prog.) 357,948 17.75 24
1920 Warren G. Harding (R) 1,182,022 58.47 James M. Cox (D) 780,037 38.58 - 24
1916 Woodrow Wilson (D) 604,161 51.86 Charles E. Hughes (R) 514,753 44.18 - 24
1912 Woodrow Wilson (D) 424,834 40.96 Theodore Roosevelt (Prog.) 229,807 22.16 William H. Taft (R) 278,168 26.82 24 National vote: D 41.8%, Prog 27.4% & R 23.2%
1908 William H. Taft (R) 572,312 51.03 William Jennings Bryan (D) 502,721 44.82 - 23
1904 Theodore Roosevelt (R) 600,095 59.75 Alton B. Parker (D) 344,674 34.32 - 23
1900 William McKinley (R) 543,918 52.30 William Jennings Bryan (D) 474,882 45.66 - 23
1896 William McKinley (R) 525,991 51.86 William Jennings Bryan (D & People's) 477,497 47.08 - 23
1892 Grover Cleveland (D) 404,115 47.53 Benjamin Harrison (R) 405,187 47.66 James B. Weaver (People's) 14,850 1.75 23 Electoral vote split 22 (Harrison) to 1 (Cleveland)
1888 * Benjamin Harrison (R) 416,054 49.51 Grover Cleveland (D) 396,455 47.18 - 23 * Cleveland (D) won national popular vote, 48.6% to 47.8%
1884 Grover Cleveland (R) 368,280 46.94 James G. Blaine (R) 400,082 50.99 - 23
1880 James A. Garfield (R) 375,048 51.73 Winfield S. Hancock (D) 340,821 47.01 James B. Weaver (Greenback Labor) 6,456 0.89 22
1876*[1] Rutherford B. Hayes (R) 330,698 50.21 Samuel J. Tilden (D) 323,182 49.07 - 22 * Tilden (D) won a national popular majority, 50.9% to 47.9%
1872 Ulysses S. Grant (R) 281,852 53.24 Horace Greeley (D & Lib. R) 244,321 46.15 - 22
1868 Ulysses S. Grant (R) 280,159 54.0 Horatio Seymour (D) 238,506 46.0 - 21
1864 Abraham Lincoln (R) 265,674 56.4 George B. McClellan (D) 205,609 43.6 - 21

Election of 1860

The election of 1860 was a complex realigning election in which the breakdown of the previous two-party alignment culminated in four parties each competing for influence in different parts of the country. The result of the election, with the victory of an ardent opponent of slavery, spurred the secession of eleven states and brought about the American Civil War.

Year Winner (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Electoral
Votes
1860 Abraham Lincoln
(R)
231,709 52.3 Stephen A. Douglas
(N. Dem.)
187,421 42.3 John C. Breckinridge
(S. Dem.)
11,406 2.6 John Bell
(Const'l Union)
12,194 2.8 23

Elections from 1828 to 1856

Year Winner (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Other national
candidates[a]
Votes Percent Electoral
Votes
Notes
1856 James Buchanan (D) 170,874 44.21 John C. Frémont (R) 187,497 48.51 Millard Fillmore (American & Whig) 28,126 7.28 23
1852 Franklin Pierce (D) 168,933 47.83 Winfield Scott (Whig) 152,523 43.18 John P. Hale (Free Soil) 31,732 8.98 23
1848 Zachary Taylor (Whig) 138,359 42.12 Lewis Cass (D) 154,773 47.12 Martin Van Buren (Free Soil) 35,347 10.76 23
1844 James K. Polk (D) 149,061 47.74 Henry Clay (Whig) 155,113 49.68 - 23
1840 William Henry Harrison (Whig) 148,157 54.1 Martin Van Buren (D) 124,782 45.57 - 21
1836 Martin Van Buren (D) 96,238 47.56 William Henry Harrison (Whig) 104,958 51.87 various[c] 21
1832 Andrew Jackson (D) 81,246 51.33 Henry Clay (Nat'l R) 76,539 48.35 William Wirt (Anti-Masonic) 509 0.32 21
1828 Andrew Jackson (D) 67,596 51.6 John Quincy Adams (Nat'l R) 63,453 48.4 - 16

Election of 1824

The election of 1824 was a complex realigning election following the collapse of the prevailing Democratic-Republican Party, resulting in four different candidates each claiming to carry the banner of the party, and competing for influence in different parts of the country. The election was the only one in history to be decided by the House of Representatives under the provisions of the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution after no candidate secured a majority of the electoral vote. It was also the only presidential election in which the candidate who received a plurality of electoral votes (Andrew Jackson) did not become President, a source of great bitterness for Jackson and his supporters, who proclaimed the election of Adams a corrupt bargain.

Year Winner (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Electoral
Votes
1824* Andrew Jackson
(D-R)
12,280 24.55 John Quincy Adams
(D-R)
18,489 36.96 Henry Clay
(D-R)
19,255 38.49 William H. Crawford
(D-R)
no ballots 16

'*'The national popular vote (outside South Carolina, whose Electors were chosen by her state legislature) was Jackson 41.4%, Adams 30.9%, Clay 12% and Crawford 11.2%

Elections of 1816 and 1820

In the election of 1820, incumbent President James Monroe ran effectively unopposed, winning all eight of Ohio’s electoral votes, and all electoral votes nationwide except one vote in New Hampshire. To the extent that a popular vote was held, it was primarily directed to filling the office of Vice President.

Year Winner (nationally) Loser(s) (nationally) Electoral
Votes
Notes
1820 James Monroe (D-R) - 8 Monroe effectively ran unopposed.
1816 James Monroe (D-R) Rufus King (Fed.) 8
1812 James Madison (D-R) DeWitt Clinton (Fed./D-R Fusion) 7
1808 James Madison (D-R) Charles C. Pinckney (Fed.) 3
1804 Thomas Jefferson (D-R) Charles C. Pinckney (Fed.) 3

References

  1. ^ David Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections; Ohio, 1876

Notes

  1. ^ a b For purposes of these lists, other national candidates are defined as those who won at least one electoral vote, or won at least ten percent of the vote in multiple states.
  2. ^ Was allied with a slate of unpledged electors in Louisiana, Mississippi and South Carolina
  3. ^ Three other candidates ran and received electoral votes nationally as part of the unsuccessful Whig strategy to defeat Martin Van Buren by running four candidates with local appeal in different regions of the country. The others were Hugh Lawson White, Daniel Webster, and Willie Person Mangum. None of these candidates appeared on the ballot in Ohio.
1820 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 1820 United States presidential election in Ohio took place between November 1 and December 6, 1820, as part of the 1820 United States presidential election. Voters chose 8 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Ohio re-elected James Monroe by a large margin. Although Monroe ran unopposed, John Quincy Adams received a minority of the vote as an opposition candidate.

1824 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 1824 United States presidential election in Ohio took place between October 26 and December 2, 1824, as part of the 1824 United States presidential election. Voters chose 16 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

During this election, the Democratic-Republican Party was the only major national party, and four different candidates from this party sought the Presidency. Ohio voted for Henry Clay over Andrew Jackson, John Quincy Adams, and William H. Crawford. Clay won Ohio by a margin of 1.53%.

1828 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 1828 United States presidential election in Ohio took place between October 31 and December 2, 1828, as part of the 1828 United States presidential election. Voters chose 16 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Ohio voted for the Democratic candidate, Andrew Jackson, over the National Republican candidate, John Quincy Adams. Jackson won Ohio by a margin of 3.2%.

1832 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 1832 United States presidential election in Ohio took place between November 2 and December 5, 1832, as part of the 1832 United States presidential election. Voters chose 21 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Ohio voted for the Democratic Party candidate, Andrew Jackson, over the National Republican candidate, Henry Clay, and the Anti-Masonic Party candidate, William Wirt. Jackson won Ohio by a margin of 2.98%.

1836 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 1836 United States presidential election in Ohio took place between November 3 and December 7, 1836, as part of the 1836 United States presidential election. Voters chose twenty-one representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Ohio voted for Whig candidate William Henry Harrison over Democratic candidate Martin Van Buren. Harrison won Ohio by a margin of 4.31%.

1840 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 1840 United States presidential election in Ohio took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose twenty-one representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Ohio voted for the Whig candidate, William Henry Harrison, over Democratic candidate Martin Van Buren. Harrison won Ohio by a margin of 8.53%.

1844 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 1844 United States presidential election in Ohio took place between November 1 and December 4, 1844, as part of the 1844 United States presidential election. Voters chose twenty-three representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Ohio voted for the Whig candidate, Henry Clay, over Democratic candidate James K. Polk. Clay won Ohio by a margin of 1.94%.

1848 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 1848 United States presidential election in Ohio was held on November 7, 1848. Ohio voters chose twenty-three electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

The Democratic Party candidate, Lewis Cass, won the state of Ohio with 47.12% of the popular vote. The Whig Party candidate, Zachary Taylor, garnered 42.12% of the popular vote.

1852 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 1852 United States presidential election in Ohio was held on November 2, 1852. Ohio voters chose twenty-three electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

The Democratic Party candidate, Franklin Pierce, won the state of Ohio with 47.83% of the popular vote. The Whig Party candidate, Winfield Scott, garnered 43.18% of the popular vote.

1856 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 1856 United States presidential election in Ohio took place on November 4, 1856, as part of the 1856 United States presidential election. Voters chose 23 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Ohio was won by California Senator John C. Frémont (R–Georgia), running with Director of New Jersey Senator William L. Dayton, with 48.51% of the popular vote, against Senator James Buchanan (D–Pennsylvania), running with Representative and future presidential candidate in the 1860 presidential election John C. Breckinridge, with 44.21% of the popular vote and the 13th president of the United States Millard Fillmore (A–New York), running with the 2nd United States Ambassador to Germany Andrew Jackson Donelson, with 7.28% of the popular vote.

1860 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 1860 United States presidential election in Ohio took place on November 6, 1860, as part of the 1860 United States presidential election. Ohio voters chose twenty three representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Ohio was won by Illinois Representative Abraham Lincoln (R–Kentucky), running with Senator Hannibal Hamlin, with 51.24% of the popular vote, against Senator Stephen A. Douglas (D–Vermont), running with 41st Governor of Georgia Herschel V. Johnson, with 43.30% of the popular vote.

Liberty Party (under the name Union Party) candidate Gerrit Smith received 136 of his 171 popular votes in Ohio alone. The other 35 votes came from Illinois.

1864 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 1864 United States presidential election in Ohio was held on November 8, 1864. Ohio voters chose twenty-one electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

The National Union Party candidate, President Abraham Lincoln, won the state of Ohio with 56.37% of the popular vote. The Democratic Party candidate, George B. McClellan, garnered 43.63% of the popular vote.

1868 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 1868 United States presidential election in Ohio was held on November 3, 1868. Ohio voters chose twenty-one electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

The Republican Party candidate, General Ulysses S. Grant, won the state of Ohio with 54.00% of the popular vote. The Democratic Party candidate, Horatio Seymour, garnered 46.00% of the popular vote.

1872 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 1872 United States presidential election in Ohio was held on November 5, 1872. Ohio voters chose twenty-two electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

The Republican Party candidate, President Ulysses S. Grant, won the state of Ohio with 53.24% of the popular vote. The Liberal Republican Party candidate, Horace Greeley, garnered 46.15% of the popular vote.

1876 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 1876 United States presidential election in Ohio was held on November 7, 1876. Ohio voters chose twenty-two electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

The Republican Party candidate, Rutherford B. Hayes, narrowly won the state of Ohio with 50.21% of the popular vote. The Democratic Party candidate, Samuel J. Tilden, garnered 49.07% of the popular vote.

1880 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 1880 United States presidential election in Ohio was held on November 2, 1880. Ohio voters chose twenty-two electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

The Republican Party candidate, James A. Garfield, won the state of Ohio with 51.73% of the popular vote. The Democratic Party candidate, Winfield Scott Hancock, garnered 47.01% of the popular vote.

1884 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 1884 United States presidential election in Ohio was held on November 4, 1884. Ohio voters chose twenty-three electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

The Republican Party candidate, James G. Blaine, won the state of Ohio with 50.99% of the popular vote. The Democratic Party candidate, Grover Cleveland, garnered 46.94% of the popular vote.

2000 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 2000 United States presidential election in Ohio took place on November 7, 2000, and was part of the 2000 United States presidential election. Voters chose 21 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Ohio was won by Governor George W. Bush by a 3.51% margin of victory. Prior to the election, most news organizations considered Ohio a swing state.

2020 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 2020 United States presidential election in Ohio is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Ohio voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Ohio has 18 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of February 2019, Donald Trump is the declared Republican candidate. John Kasich, the former governor of Ohio and Republican primary candidate in 2016 is considered a potential primary opponent for Trump.A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Tulsi Gabbard, Elizabeth Warren, Kamala Harris, Bernie Sanders, and Amy Klobuchar are among the major declared candidates. Additionally, Kirsten Gillibrand has formed an exploratory committee.

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