United States presidential election summary

The following is a summary of United States presidential elections since 1828.

Year Democratic[a] Republican[b] Other Total Turn
-out
[1][c]
Majority[d]
Popular Votes EC Votes Popular Votes EC Votes Popular Votes EC Votes Popular
Votes
EC
Votes
Popular
Votes[e]
EC
Votes
No. % No. % No. % No. % No. % No. %
2016[2][f] 65,844,610 48.08% 227 42.38% 62,979,636 46.09% 304 56.51% 8,137,812 5.94% 7 1.30% 136,962,058 538 54.90% -2,864,974 74
2012[3] 65,915,795 51.06% 332 61.71% 60,933,504 47.20% 206 38.29% 2,236,111 1.73% 0 0.00% 129,085,410 538 54.87% 4,982,291 126
2008[4] 69,498,516 52.93% 365 67.84% 59,948,323 45.65% 173 32.16% 1,866,981 1.42% 0 0.00% 131,313,820 538 58.23% 9,550,193 192
2004[5] 59,028,444 48.27% 251 46.65% 62,040,610 50.73% 286 53.16% 1,226,291 1.00% 1 0.19% 122,295,345 538 56.70% 3,012,166 35
2000[6][7] 50,999,897 48.38% 266 49.44% 50,456,002 47.87% 271 50.37% 3,949,201 3.75% 1 0.19% 105,405,100 538 51.21% -543,895 5
1996[8][9] 47,402,357 49.24% 379 70.45% 39,198,755 40.71% 159 29.55% 9,676,522 10.05% 0 0.00% 96,277,634 538 49.00% 8,203,602 220
1992[10] 44,909,889 43.01% 370 68.77% 39,104,545 37.45% 168 31.23% 20,412,225 19.55% 0 0.00% 104,426,659 538 55.24% 5,805,344 202
1988[11] 41,809,074 45.65% 111 20.63% 48,886,097 53.37% 426 79.18% 899,638 0.98% 1 0.19% 91,594,809 538 50.15% 7,077,023 315
1984[12] 37,577,185 40.56% 13 2.42% 54,455,075 58.77% 525 97.58% 620,582 0.67% 0 0.00% 92,652,842 538 53.27% 16,877,890 512
1980[13] 35,480,115 41.01% 49 9.11% 43,903,230 50.75% 489 90.89% 7,126,333 8.24% 0 0.00% 86,509,678 538 52.56% 8,423,115 440
1976[14] 40,831,881 50.08% 297 55.20% 39,148,634 48.01% 240 44.61% 1,560,265 1.91% 1 0.19% 81,540,780 538 53.55% 1,683,247 57
1972[15] 29,173,222 37.52% 17 3.16% 47,168,710 60.67% 520 96.65% 1,402,098 1.80% 1 0.19% 77,744,030 538 55.21% 17,995,488 503
1968[16] 31,271,839 42.72% 191 35.50% 31,783,783 43.42% 301 55.95% 10,144,377 13.86% 46 8.55% 73,199,999 538 60.84% 511,944 110
1964[17] 43,129,040 61.05% 486 90.33% 27,175,754 38.47% 52 9.67% 336,745 0.48% 0 0.00% 70,641,539 538 61.92% 15,953,286 434
1960[18] 34,220,984 49.72% 303 56.42% 34,108,157 49.55% 219 40.78% 503,342 0.73% 15 2.79% 68,832,483 537 62.77% 112,827 84
1956[19] 26,028,028 41.97% 73 13.75% 35,579,180 57.37% 457 86.06% 414,771 0.67% 1 0.19% 62,021,979 531 60.60% 9,551,152 384
1952[20] 27,375,090 44.33% 89 16.76% 34,075,529 55.18% 442 83.24% 301,323 0.49% 0 0.00% 61,751,942 531 63.30% 6,700,439 353
1948[21] 24,179,347 49.55% 303 57.06% 21,991,292 45.07% 189 35.59% 2,624,071 5.38% 39 7.34% 48,793,535 531 53.00% 2,188,055 114
1944[22] 25,612,916 53.39% 432 81.36% 22,017,929 45.89% 99 18.64% 346,247 0.72% 0 0.00% 47,977,092 531 55.90% 3,594,987 333
1940[23] 27,314,449 54.72% 449 84.56% 22,348,343 44.77% 82 15.44% 250,060 0.50% 0 0.00% 49,912,852 531 62.50% 4,966,106 367
1936[24] 27,757,431 60.80% 523 98.49% 16,683,574 36.54% 8 1.51% 1,213,383 2.66% 0 0.00% 45,654,388 531 61.00% 11,073,857 515
1932[25] 22,821,513 57.41% 472 88.89% 15,761,532 39.65% 59 11.11% 1,169,409 2.94% 0 0.00% 39,752,454 531 56.90% 7,059,981 413
1928[26] 15,015,863 40.79% 87 16.38% 21,428,584 58.22% 444 83.62% 364,514 0.99% 0 0.00% 36,808,961 531 56.90% 6,412,721 357
1924[27] 8,384,341 28.82% 136 25.61% 15,719,068 54.03% 382 71.94% 4,989,215 17.15% 13 2.45% 29,092,624 531 48.90% 7,334,727 246
1920[28] 9,140,256 34.12% 127 23.92% 16,166,126 60.35% 404 76.08% 1,481,843 5.53% 0 0.00% 26,788,225 531 49.20% 7,025,870 277
1916[29] 9,130,861 49.25% 277 52.17% 8,549,700 46.11% 254 47.83% 860,757 4.64% 0 0.00% 18,541,318 531 61.60% 581,161 23
1912[30] 6,294,284 41.83% 435 81.92% 3,487,937 23.18% 8 1.51% 5,263,325 34.98% 88 16.57% 15,045,546 531 58.80% 2,173,675 347
1908[31] 6,409,007 43.04% 162 33.54% 7,678,174 51.57% 321 66.46% 801,928 5.39% 0 0.00% 14,889,109 483 65.40% 1,269,167 159
1904[32] 5,084,537 37.59% 140 29.41% 7,630,557 56.42% 336 70.59% 810,665 5.99% 0 0.00% 13,525,759 476 65.20% 2,546,020 196
1900[33] 6,358,149 45.51% 155 34.68% 7,218,283 51.66% 292 65.32% 395,414 2.83% 0 0.00% 13,971,846 447 73.20% 860,134 137
1896[34] 6,510,807 46.71% 176 39.37% 7,112,138 51.02% 271 60.63% 315,729 2.27% 0 0.00% 13,938,674 447 79.30% 601,331 95
1892[35] 5,553,898 46.02% 277 62.39% 5,190,799 43.01% 145 32.66% 1,323,330 10.97% 22 4.95% 12,068,027 444 74.70% 363,099 132
1888[36] 5,538,163 48.63% 168 41.90% 5,443,633 47.80% 233 58.10% 407,050 3.57% 0 0.00% 11,388,846 401 79.40% -94,530 65
1884[37] 4,914,482 48.85% 219 54.61% 4,856,903 48.28% 182 45.39% 288,760 2.87% 0 0.00% 10,060,145 401 77.50% 57,579 37
1880[38] 4,444,267 48.22% 155 42.01% 4,453,337 48.31% 214 57.99% 319,806 3.47% 0 0.00% 9,217,410 369 78.00% 9,070 59
1876[39] 4,286,808 50.92% 184 49.86% 4,034,142 47.92% 185 50.14% 97,709 1.16% 0 0.00% 8,418,659 369 81.80% -252,666 1
1872[40][g] 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 3,597,439 55.58% 286 81.25% 2,874,544 44.42% 66 18.75% 6,471,983 352 71.30% 763,729 220
1868[41] 2,708,980 47.34% 80 27.21% 3,013,790 52.66% 214 72.79% 46 0.00% 0 0.00% 5,722,816 294 78.10% 304,810 134
1864[42] 1,806,227 44.95% 21 9.01% 2,211,317 55.03% 212 90.99% 658 0.02% 0 0.00% 4,018,202 233 73.80% 405,090 191
1860[43] 1,381,944 29.52% 12 3.96% 1,855,993 39.65% 180 59.41% 1,443,330 30.83% 111 36.63% 4,681,267 303 81.20% 1,004,149 108
1856[44] 1,835,140 45.29% 174 58.78% 1,340,668 33.09% 114 38.51% 875,797 21.62% 8 2.70% 4,051,605 296 78.90% 494,472 60
1852[45] 1,605,943 50.83% 254 85.81% 1,386,418 43.88% 42 14.19% 167,279 5.29% 0 0.00% 3,159,640 296 69.60% 219,525 212
1848[46] 1,222,353 42.49% 127 43.79% 1,360,235 47.28% 163 56.21% 294,230 10.23% 0 0.00% 2,876,818 290 72.70% 137,882 36
1844[47] 1,339,570 49.54% 170 61.82% 1,300,157 48.09% 105 38.18% 64,137 2.37% 0 0.00% 2,703,864 275 78.90% 39,413 65
1840[48] 1,129,645 46.82% 60 20.41% 1,275,583 52.87% 234 79.59% 7,466 0.31% 0 0.00% 2,412,694 294 80.20% 145,938 174
1836[49][h] 763,291 50.79% 170 57.82% 549,907 36.59% 73 24.83% 189,613 12.62% 51 17.35% 1,502,811 294 57.80% 213,384 97
1832[50] 702,735 54.74% 219 76.57% 474,107 36.93% 49 17.13% 106,878 8.33% 18 6.29% 1,283,720 286 55.40% 228,628 170
1828[51] 642,806 55.93% 178 68.20% 501,967 43.68% 83 31.80% 4,443 0.39% 0 0.00% 1,149,216 261 57.60% 140,839 95

Notes

  1. ^ Northern Democrats 1860.
  2. ^ National Republican Party 1828-32; Whig Party 1836-1852; National Union Party 1864.
  3. ^ Turnout prior to 1960 is rounded to one decimal place.
  4. ^ Majority of winning candidate over second placed candidate in terms of electoral college votes. In 1860 the second placed candidate was not second placed in terms of popular votes.
  5. ^ Negative numbers indicate winning candidate won absolute majority of electoral college votes but lost the popular vote.
  6. ^ 2016 election results are provisional.
  7. ^ At the 1872 election the Democratic Party did not field its own candidate but instead supported Liberal Republican Party candidate Horace Greeley.
  8. ^ At the 1836 election the Whig Party fielded four candidates - only the leading candidate's (William Henry Harrison) votes are included in the "Republican" columns, the other three Whig candidates votes are included under "Other".

References

  1. ^ "Voter Turnout in Presidential Elections: 1828 - 2012". The American Presidency Project, University of California, Santa Barbara.
  2. ^ "2016 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  3. ^ "Federal Elections 2012: Election Results for the U.S. President, the U.S. Senate, and the U.S. House of Representatives" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. July 2013. pp. 5–6.
  4. ^ "Federal Elections 2008: Election Results for the U.S. President, the U.S. Senate, and the U.S. House of Representatives" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. July 2009. pp. 5–6.
  5. ^ "Federal Elections 2004: Election Results for the U.S. President, the U.S. Senate, and the U.S. House of Representatives" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. May 2005. pp. 5–6.
  6. ^ "Federal Elections 2000: Election Results for the U.S. President, the U.S. Senate, and the U.S. House of Representatives - 2000 Presidential Popular Vote Summary". Federal Election Commission. December 2001.
  7. ^ "Federal Elections 2000: Election Results for the U.S. President, the U.S. Senate, and the U.S. House of Representatives - 2000 Presidential Electoral and Popular Vote". Federal Election Commission. December 2001.
  8. ^ "Federal Elections 1996: Election Results for the U.S. President, the U.S. Senate, and the U.S. House of Representatives - 1996 Popular Vote Summary". Federal Election Commission. October 1997.
  9. ^ "Federal Elections 1996: Election Results for the U.S. President, the U.S. Senate, and the U.S. House of Representatives - 1996 Electoral Vote and Popular Vote Summary". Federal Election Commission. October 1997.
  10. ^ "Federal Elections 1992: Election Results for the U.S. President, the U.S. Senate, and the U.S. House of Representatives" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. July 1993. pp. 9–10.
  11. ^ "Federal Elections 1988: Election Results for the U.S. President, the U.S. Senate, and the U.S. House of Representatives" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. June 1989. p. 15.
  12. ^ "Federal Elections 1984: Election Results for the U.S. President, the U.S. Senate, and the U.S. House of Representatives" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. June 1985. p. 15.
  13. ^ "1980 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  14. ^ "1976 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  15. ^ "1968 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  16. ^ "1972 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  17. ^ "1964 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  18. ^ "1960 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  19. ^ "1956 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  20. ^ "1952 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  21. ^ "1948 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  22. ^ "1944 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  23. ^ "1940 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  24. ^ "1936 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  25. ^ "1932 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  26. ^ "1928 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  27. ^ "1924 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  28. ^ "1920 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  29. ^ "1916 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  30. ^ "1912 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  31. ^ "1908 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  32. ^ "1904 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  33. ^ "1900 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  34. ^ "1896 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  35. ^ "1892 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  36. ^ "1888 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  37. ^ "1884 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  38. ^ "1880 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  39. ^ "1876 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  40. ^ "1872 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  41. ^ "1868 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  42. ^ "1864 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  43. ^ "1860 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  44. ^ "1856 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  45. ^ "1852 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  46. ^ "1848 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  47. ^ "1844 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  48. ^ "1840 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  49. ^ "1836 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  50. ^ "1832 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  51. ^ "1828 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
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