The United States Senate Committee on the Budget was established by the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974. It is responsible for drafting Congress's annual budget plan and monitoring action on the budget for the Federal Government. The committee has jurisdiction over the Congressional Budget Office. The committee briefly operated as a special committee from 1919 to 1920 during the 66th Congress, before being made a standing committee in 1974.
|Senate Budget Committee|
United States Senate
|Chair||Mike Enzi (R) |
Since January 3, 2015
|Ranking member||Bernie Sanders (D) |
Since January 3, 2015
|Political parties||Majority (11)
|Policy areas||Government spending|
|House counterpart||House Budget Committee|
The Budget Committee is often confused with the Finance Committee and the Appropriations Committee, both of which have different jurisdictions: The Finance Committee is analogous to the Ways and Means Committee in the House of Representatives; it has legislative jurisdiction in the areas of taxes, Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid and some other entitlements. The Appropriations Committee has legislative jurisdiction over appropriations bills, which provide funding for government programs.
While the budget resolution prepared by the Budget Committee sets out a broad blueprint for the Congress with respect to the total levels of revenues and spending for the government as a whole, these other Committees prepare bills for specific tax and spending policies.
|Edmund S. Muskie||Democratic||Maine||1974–1980|
|Ernest F. Hollings||Democratic||South Carolina||1980–1981|
|Pete V. Domenici||Republican||New Mexico||1981–1987|
|Lawton M. Chiles||Democratic||Florida||1987–1989|
|James R. Sasser||Democratic||Tennessee||1989–1995|
|Pete V. Domenici||Republican||New Mexico||1995 – January 3, 2001|
|Kent Conrad||Democratic||North Dakota||January 3, 2001 – January 20, 2001|
|Pete V. Domenici||Republican||New Mexico||January 20, 2001 – June 6, 2001|
|Kent Conrad||Democratic||North Dakota||June 6, 2001 – 2003|
|Donald L. Nickles||Republican||Oklahoma||2003–2005|
|Judd A. Gregg||Republican||New Hampshire||2005–2007|
|Kent Conrad||Democratic||North Dakota||2007–2013|
The 2014 United States federal budget is the budget to fund government operations for the fiscal year (FY) 2014, which began on October 1, 2013 and ended on September 30, 2014.
President Obama submitted the FY2014 budget proposal on April 10, 2013, two months past the February 4 legal deadline due to negotiations over the United States fiscal cliff and implementation of the sequester cuts mandated by the Budget Control Act of 2011. The House of Representatives passed its proposal, H.Con.Res 25, prior to the submission of the President's budget proposal, as did the Senate (S.Con.Res 8). The House and Senate budget resolutions were not reconciled as a final budget.At the time the fiscal year 2014 budget was debated, budgeting issues were controversial. Government spending had recently been limited by an automatic sequestration process that resulted when Congress and President Obama failed to meet spending reduction targets set by the Budget Control Act of 2011. The House and Senate were at the time controlled by different parties with different fiscal agendas.
Failure to pass an initial continuing resolution caused the federal government shutdown of 2013. The government was then funded through a series of two continuing resolutions. Final funding for the government was enacted as an omnibus spending bill, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014, enacted on January 17, 2014.2015 United States federal budget
The 2015 United States federal budget is the federal budget for fiscal year 2015, which runs from October 1, 2014 to September 30, 2015. The budget takes the form of a budget resolution which must be agreed to by both the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate in order to become final, but never receives the signature or veto of the President of the United States and does not become law. Until both the House and the Senate pass the same concurrent resolution, no final budget exists. Actual U.S. federal government spending will occur through later appropriations legislation that is signed into law.
The government was initially funded through a series of three temporary continuing resolutions. Final funding for the government with the exception of the Department of Homeland Security was enacted as an omnibus spending bill, the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, enacted on December 16, 2014. Homeland Security was funded through an additional two continuing resolutions, and its final funding was enacted on March 4, 2015 as the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2015.Budget Committee
Budget Committee may refer to:
Budget Committee (Iceland), a standing committee of the Icelandic parliament
Committee of the Verkhovna Rada on issues of budget, a standing committee of Ukraine's unicameral parliament
European Parliament Committee on Budgets, a committee of the European Parliament
United States House Committee on the Budget, a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives
United States Senate Committee on the Budget, a standing committee of the United States SenateBudget resolution
In the United States Congress, a budget resolution is part of the United States budget process. It is in the form of a concurrent resolution passed by both the House of Representatives and the Senate but is not presented to the President and does not have the force of law. It sets out the congressional budget.
The United States House Committee on the Budget and the United States Senate Committee on the Budget draft a budget resolution. Following the traditional calendar, both committees finalize their draft resolution by early April and submit it to their respective floors for consideration and adoption.
Once both houses pass the resolution, selected Representatives and Senators negotiate a conference report to reconcile differences between the House and the Senate versions. The conference report, in order to become binding, must be approved by both the House and Senate.
The budget resolution establishes various budget totals, allocations, entitlements, and may include reconciliation instructions to designated House or Senate committees.
The budget resolution serves as a blueprint for the actual appropriation process, and provides Congress with some control over the appropriations process. No new spending authority, however, is provided until appropriation bills are enacted. A budget resolution binds Congress, but is not a law. It does allow for certain points of order to be made if the President does not follow the resolution. There may not be a resolution every year; if none is established, the previous year's resolution stays in force.Committee on the Budget
Committee on the Budget can refer to:
United States House Committee on the Budget
United States Senate Committee on the Budget
Committee on Budgetary Control (European Parliament)Diane Tebelius
Diane Tebelius is an American attorney and former federal prosecutor, Tebelius was the chair of the Washington State Republican Party from 2006 to 2007. In 2004, she ran in the Republican primary for election to Washington's 8th congressional district. In a field of four, she finished second behind popular King County Sheriff Dave Reichert who went on to win the general election.Dirksen Senate Office Building
The Dirksen Senate Office Building is the second office building constructed for members of the United States Senate in Washington, D.C., and was named for the late Minority Leader Everett Dirksen from Illinois in 1972.Eric Ueland
Eric M. Ueland is an American political advisor and government official. He was President Donald Trump's first nominee to become Under Secretary of State for Management in June 2017. His unsuccessful nomination was withdrawn in June 2018 in favor of Brian Bulatao.Ueland has served in senior positions in the United States Senate since 1996, including as chief of staff for Republican Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist and Assistant Majority Leader Don Nickles. Roll Call described Ueland as a "longtime budget and Senate rules expert" who is "regarded as one of the smarter procedural strategists for the Republicans."From 2007 to 2013, Ueland was vice president of the Duberstein Group. Most recently, he has served as the Republican Staff Director of the United States Senate Committee on the Budget since being hired by Jeff Sessions in 2013. Ueland was a member of Donald Trump's transition team.First 100 days of Barack Obama's presidency
The first 100 days of Barack Obama's presidency began on January 20, 2009, the day Barack Obama was inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States. The first 100 days of a presidential term took on symbolic significance during Franklin D. Roosevelt's first term in office, and the period is considered a benchmark to measure the early success of a president. The 100th day of his presidency was April 29, 2009. Obama stated that he should not be judged by his first hundred days: "The first hundred days is going to be important, but it’s probably going to be the first thousand days that makes the difference."Obama began to formally create his presidential footprint during his first 100 days. Obama quickly began attempting to foster support for his economic stimulus package, American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. The bill passed in the House on January 28, 2009, by a 244–188 vote, and it passed in the Senate on February 10 by a 61–37 margin.Obama's accomplishments during the first 100 days included signing the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009 relaxing the statute of limitations for equal-pay lawsuits; signing into law the expanded State Children's Health Insurance Program (S-CHIP); winning approval of a congressional budget resolution that put Congress on record as dedicated to dealing with major health care reform legislation in 2009; implementing new ethics guidelines designed to significantly curtail the influence of lobbyists on the executive branch; breaking from the Bush administration on a number of policy fronts, except for Iraq, in which he followed through on Bush's Iraq withdrawal of U.S. troops; supporting the UN declaration on sexual orientation and gender identity; and lifting the 7½-year ban on federal funding for embryonic stem cell research. He also ordered the closure of the Guantanamo Bay detention camp, in Cuba, though it remains open, as well as lifted some travel and money restrictions to the island.At the end of the first 100 days 65% of Americans approved of how Obama was doing and 29% disapproved. According to Gallup's First quarter survey in April, President Obama received a 63% approval rating. Gallup began tracking presidential approval ratings of the first quarters since Eisenhower in 1953. President Kennedy received the highest in April 1961 with a 74% rating. Obama's 63% is the fourth highest and the highest since President Carter with a 69%. President Reagan's first quarter had 60% approval in 1981, President George H.W. Bush with 57% in 1989, President Clinton with 55% in 1993, and President George W. Bush with 58% in 2001.Gail D. Fosler
Gail D. Fosler (born 1947) is president of The GailFosler Group, a strategic advisory service for global business leaders and public policymakers, and a prominent economic forecaster. In addition, Fosler is a noted speaker appearing at such events as the National Governors Association, Winter Meeting 2016 and her opinions and analysis are frequently quoted within both domestic and international publications. Fosler’s forecasting acumen has garnered her considerable attention. Fosler was twice named America’s most accurate economic forecaster by The Wall Street Journal. A wide range of policymakers, businesspeople, and fellow economists are known to read her analysis.Guy Rolnik
Guy Rolnik (Hebrew: גיא רולניק; born September 2, 1968) is an Israeli journalist, executive, entrepreneur, and a clinical professor at the University of Chicago. He founded Israeli media organization TheMarker and is a deputy Publisher of the Haaretz daily newspaper.
Rolnik is arguably the most influential business and economics journalist in Israel, promoting open, competitive markets with strong social safety net and is considered a leader in the fight against corruption.In 2013 Rolnik was awarded the “Sokolov Life Time Achievement” award for founding TheMarker, changing public discourse and influencing the government and legislators to undertake significant changes in the structure of the Israeli economy.
Rolnik and TheMarker led an informative campaign to introduce competition in the mobile telephony market, that was dominated by 3 companies. As a result, prices dropped by 50% to 90% when competition was enforced without any material loss of employment in the labor market.Rolnik is a Clinical Associate Professor at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business. He teaches courses on economic policy, media and regulation in Chicago, Tel Aviv University and the Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya.Jamie M. Morin
Jamie Michael Morin (born 23 May 1975) is a former senior official in the United States Department of Defense. He was a private sector economist and research consultant before earning a Doctorate degree in political science from Yale University. He then served as a professional staff member on the United States Senate Committee on the Budget. Morin was Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation at the Department of Defense. Previously, he was Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Financial Management & Comptroller), and served concurrently as Acting Under Secretary of the Air Force from 3 July 2012 to 28 April 2013. He joined The Aerospace Corporation in 2017 as executive director of the Center for Space Policy and Strategy and vice president of Defense Systems Operations.Janet Napolitano
Janet Ann Napolitano (; born November 29, 1957) is an American politician, lawyer, and university administrator who served as the 21st Governor of Arizona from 2003 to 2009 and as the United States Secretary of Homeland Security from 2009 to 2013, under President Barack Obama. She has been president of the University of California system since September 2013, shortly after she resigned as Secretary of Homeland Security.
Prior to her election as governor, she served as Attorney General of Arizona from 1999 to 2003. She was the first woman and the 23rd person to serve in that office. Napolitano is the 1977 Truman Scholar from New Mexico.
She has been the first woman to serve in several offices, including Attorney General of Arizona, Secretary of Homeland Security, and president of the University of California.
Forbes ranked her as the world's ninth most powerful woman in 2012. In 2008, she was cited by The New York Times to be among the women most likely to become the first female President of the United States. Some political commentators had suggested a possible candidacy in the 2016 election. She was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 2018.Karen Hastie Williams
Karen Hastie Williams (born September 30, 1944) is an American lawyer and company director.List of Pi Kappa Phi alumni
The Pi Kappa Phi fraternity has initiated over 100,000 members since it was founded in 1904. Among these initiates, are a number of notable alumni that have been involved in politics, business, athletics, science, and entertainment.Luther Strange
Luther Johnson Strange III (born March 1, 1953) is an American lawyer and politician who served as a United States Senator from Alabama from 2017 to 2018. He was appointed to fill that position after it was vacated by Sen. Jeff Sessions upon Sessions's confirmation as U.S. Attorney General.
He previously served as the 47th Attorney General of the U.S. state of Alabama from 2011 until 2017. Strange was a candidate for public office in 2006, 2010 and 2014. In 2006, Strange ran for Lieutenant Governor of Alabama and defeated George Wallace Jr. in the Republican primary. Strange then lost the general election to Democrat Jim Folsom Jr. In 2010, Strange defeated incumbent Attorney General Troy King in the Republican primary, before going on to win the general election against Democrat James Anderson.After President Donald Trump appointed U.S. Senator Jeff Sessions from Alabama to the office of United States Attorney General in February 2017, Governor Robert J. Bentley appointed Strange to fill the vacancy. He ran to finish the term in the subsequent special election and advanced to the Republican primary runoff, in which he lost to former state judge Roy Moore. On December 12, Democratic nominee and former U.S. attorney Doug Jones was elected as his successor, defeating Moore in the special election.Marcus Peacock
Marcus C. Peacock (born March 21, 1960) was the minority staff director at the U.S. Senate Committee on the Budget. He is a former Deputy Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). He served at the EPA from August 8, 2005 to January 20, 2009. Donald Trump waived his five-year lobbying ban on administration officials allowing Peacock to join the Business Roundtable.Mick Mulvaney
John Michael "Mick" Mulvaney (; born July 21, 1967) is an American politician who is serving in President Donald Trump's cabinet as Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), as well as acting White House Chief of Staff. A Republican, Mulvaney also served as the acting Director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) from November 2017 to December 2018.
Mulvaney served in the South Carolina General Assembly from 2007 to 2011, first in the State House of Representatives and then the State Senate. He served as a U.S. House Representative from 2011 to 2017. He was nominated as OMB Director by President-elect Donald Trump in December 2016 and confirmed by Senate vote (51–49) on February 16, 2017.Mulvaney was known for his support for fiscal conservatism as a congressman. However, as OMB Director, he oversaw an expansion in the deficit. The deficit increases were a result of both spending increases and tax cuts, and were unusually high for a period of economic expansion. In 2019, with regard to its potential mention in an upcoming State of the Union speech, Mulvaney said that "nobody cares" about the deficit. A staunch opponent of the CFPB while in Congress, Mulvaney's tenure as acting Director of the bureau led to a large reduction of the bureau's enforcement and regulatory powers.XpressWest
XpressWest (formerly known as DesertXpress) is a private venture proposal previously backed by Las Vegas, Nevada, hotel developer Marnell to build a privately funded high-speed rail passenger train in the Western United States to connect Palmdale, Los Angeles, and Victorville, California to Las Vegas and later to Phoenix, Arizona, Salt Lake City, Utah, and Denver, Colorado. Marnell's interest in the project was sold to Florida-based passenger rail operator Virgin Trains USA (at the time Brightline), which plans to begin construction on the railroad starting in 2019.