United States Senate Committee on the Budget

The United States Senate Committee on the Budget was established by the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974. It is responsible for drafting Congress's annual budget plan and monitoring action on the budget for the Federal Government. The committee has jurisdiction over the Congressional Budget Office. The committee briefly operated as a special committee from 1919 to 1920 during the 66th Congress, before being made a standing committee in 1974.[1]

Senate Budget Committee
Standing committee
Active
Seal of the United States Senate

United States Senate
116th Congress
Senate Budget Committee
History
Formed1974
Leadership
ChairMike Enzi (R)
Since January 3, 2015
Ranking memberBernie Sanders (D)
Since January 3, 2015
Structure
Seats21
Political partiesMajority (11)
Minority (10)
Jurisdiction
Policy areasGovernment spending
House counterpartHouse Budget Committee
Website
budget.senate.gov

Contrasted with other committees

The Budget Committee is often confused with the Finance Committee and the Appropriations Committee, both of which have different jurisdictions: The Finance Committee is analogous to the Ways and Means Committee in the House of Representatives; it has legislative jurisdiction in the areas of taxes, Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid and some other entitlements. The Appropriations Committee has legislative jurisdiction over appropriations bills, which provide funding for government programs.

While the budget resolution prepared by the Budget Committee sets out a broad blueprint for the Congress with respect to the total levels of revenues and spending for the government as a whole, these other Committees prepare bills for specific tax and spending policies.

Members, 116th Congress

Majority Minority

Members, 115th Congress

Majority Minority

Chairmen, 1974–present

Chairman Party State Years
Edmund S. Muskie Democratic Maine 1974–1980
Ernest F. Hollings Democratic South Carolina 1980–1981
Pete V. Domenici Republican New Mexico 1981–1987
Lawton M. Chiles Democratic Florida 1987–1989
James R. Sasser Democratic Tennessee 1989–1995
Pete V. Domenici Republican New Mexico 1995 – January 3, 2001
Kent Conrad Democratic North Dakota January 3, 2001 – January 20, 2001
Pete V. Domenici Republican New Mexico January 20, 2001 – June 6, 2001
Kent Conrad Democratic North Dakota June 6, 2001 – 2003
Donald L. Nickles Republican Oklahoma 2003–2005
Judd A. Gregg Republican New Hampshire 2005–2007
Kent Conrad Democratic North Dakota 2007–2013
Patty Murray Democratic Washington 2013–2015
Mike Enzi Republican Wyoming 2015–present

Notes

  1. ^ Walter Stubbs (1985), Congressional Committees, 1789–1982: A Checklist, Greenwood Press, pp. 16–17
  2. ^ a b c Sens. Sanders and King are independents but caucus with the Democrats.

External links

2014 United States federal budget

The 2014 United States federal budget is the budget to fund government operations for the fiscal year (FY) 2014, which began on October 1, 2013 and ended on September 30, 2014.

President Obama submitted the FY2014 budget proposal on April 10, 2013, two months past the February 4 legal deadline due to negotiations over the United States fiscal cliff and implementation of the sequester cuts mandated by the Budget Control Act of 2011. The House of Representatives passed its proposal, H.Con.Res 25, prior to the submission of the President's budget proposal, as did the Senate (S.Con.Res 8). The House and Senate budget resolutions were not reconciled as a final budget.At the time the fiscal year 2014 budget was debated, budgeting issues were controversial. Government spending had recently been limited by an automatic sequestration process that resulted when Congress and President Obama failed to meet spending reduction targets set by the Budget Control Act of 2011. The House and Senate were at the time controlled by different parties with different fiscal agendas.

Failure to pass an initial continuing resolution caused the federal government shutdown of 2013. The government was then funded through a series of two continuing resolutions. Final funding for the government was enacted as an omnibus spending bill, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014, enacted on January 17, 2014.

2015 United States federal budget

The 2015 United States federal budget is the federal budget for fiscal year 2015, which runs from October 1, 2014 to September 30, 2015. The budget takes the form of a budget resolution which must be agreed to by both the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate in order to become final, but never receives the signature or veto of the President of the United States and does not become law. Until both the House and the Senate pass the same concurrent resolution, no final budget exists. Actual U.S. federal government spending will occur through later appropriations legislation that is signed into law.

The government was initially funded through a series of three temporary continuing resolutions. Final funding for the government with the exception of the Department of Homeland Security was enacted as an omnibus spending bill, the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, enacted on December 16, 2014. Homeland Security was funded through an additional two continuing resolutions, and its final funding was enacted on March 4, 2015 as the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2015.

Budget Committee

Budget Committee may refer to:

Budget Committee (Iceland), a standing committee of the Icelandic parliament

Committee of the Verkhovna Rada on issues of budget, a standing committee of Ukraine's unicameral parliament

European Parliament Committee on Budgets, a committee of the European Parliament

United States House Committee on the Budget, a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives

United States Senate Committee on the Budget, a standing committee of the United States Senate

Budget resolution

In the United States Congress, a budget resolution is part of the United States budget process. It is in the form of a concurrent resolution passed by both the House of Representatives and the Senate but is not presented to the President and does not have the force of law. It sets out the congressional budget.

The United States House Committee on the Budget and the United States Senate Committee on the Budget draft a budget resolution. Following the traditional calendar, both committees finalize their draft resolution by early April and submit it to their respective floors for consideration and adoption.

Once both houses pass the resolution, selected Representatives and Senators negotiate a conference report to reconcile differences between the House and the Senate versions. The conference report, in order to become binding, must be approved by both the House and Senate.

The budget resolution establishes various budget totals, allocations, entitlements, and may include reconciliation instructions to designated House or Senate committees.

The budget resolution serves as a blueprint for the actual appropriation process, and provides Congress with some control over the appropriations process. No new spending authority, however, is provided until appropriation bills are enacted. A budget resolution binds Congress, but is not a law. It does allow for certain points of order to be made if the President does not follow the resolution. There may not be a resolution every year; if none is established, the previous year's resolution stays in force.

Committee on the Budget

Committee on the Budget can refer to:

United States House Committee on the Budget

United States Senate Committee on the Budget

Committee on Budgetary Control (European Parliament)

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