United States Secretary of the Navy

The Secretary of the Navy (or SECNAV) is a statutory officer (10 U.S.C. § 5013) and the head (chief executive officer) of the Department of the Navy, a military department (component organization) within the Department of Defense of the United States of America.

The Secretary of the Navy must be a civilian by law, at least 5 years removed from active military service. The Secretary is appointed by the President and requires confirmation by a majority vote of the Senate.

The Secretary of the Navy was, from its creation in 1798, a member of the President's Cabinet until 1949, when the Secretary of the Navy (and the Secretaries of the Army and Air Force) was by amendments to the National Security Act of 1947 made subordinate to the Secretary of Defense.[1]

Secretary of the Navy
Seal of the United States Department of the Navy
Seal of the Department of the Navy
Flag of the United States Secretary of the Navy
Flag of the Secretary of the Navy
Richard V. Spencer (cropped)
Incumbent
Richard V. Spencer

since 3 August 2017
Department of the Navy
StyleMister Secretary
The Honorable
(formal address in writing)
Reports toSecretary of Defense
Deputy Secretary of Defense
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Inaugural holderBenjamin Stoddert
Formation18 June 1798
Succession3rd in SecDef succession
DeputyThe Under Secretary
(Principal Civilian Deputy)
Chief of Naval Operations
(Navy Advisor and Deputy)
The Commandant
(Marine Corps Advisor and Deputy)
SalaryExecutive Schedule, level II
WebsiteOfficial Website

Responsibilities

The Department of the Navy (DoN) consists of two Uniformed Services: the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps.[2] The Secretary of the Navy is responsible for, and has statutory authority (10 U.S.C. § 5013) to "conduct all the affairs of the Department of the Navy", i.e. as its chief executive officer, subject to the limits of the law, and the directions of the President and the Secretary of Defense. In effect, all authority within the Navy and Marine Corps, unless specifically exempted by law, is derivative of the authority vested in the Secretary of the Navy.

Specifically enumerated responsibilities of the SECNAV in the before-mentioned section are: recruiting, organizing, supplying, equipping, training, mobilizing, and demobilizing. The Secretary also oversees the construction, outfitting, and repair of naval ships, equipment, and facilities. SECNAV is responsible for the formulation and implementation of policies and programs that are consistent with the national security policies and objectives established by the President or the Secretary of Defense.[3][4]

The Secretary of the Navy is a member of the Defense Acquisition Board (DAB), chaired by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics. Furthermore, the Secretary has several statutory responsibilities under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) with respect to the administration of the military justice system for the Navy & the Marine Corps, including the authority to convene general courts-martial and to commute sentences.

The principal military advisers to the SECNAV are the two service chiefs of the naval services: for matters regarding the Navy the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO), and for matters regarding the Marine Corps the Commandant of the Marine Corps (CMC). The CNO and the Commandant act as the principal executive agents of the SECNAV within their respective services to implement the orders of the Secretary.

Navy Regulations

The United States Navy Regulations is the principal regulatory document of the Department of the Navy, and any changes to it can only be approved by the Secretary of the Navy.

U.S. Coast Guard

Whenever the United States Coast Guard operates as a service within the Department of the Navy, the Secretary of the Navy has the same powers and duties with respect to the Coast Guard as the Secretary of Homeland Security when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Department of the Navy.[5]

The Navy Secretariat

The Office of the Secretary of the Navy, also known within DoD as the Navy Secretariat or simply just as the Secretariat in a DoN setting, is the immediate headquarters staff that supports the Secretary in discharging his duties. The principal officials of the Secretariat include the Under Secretary of the Navy (the Secretary's principal civilian deputy), the Assistant Secretaries of the Navy (ASN), the General Counsel of the Department of the Navy, the Judge Advocate General of the Navy (JAG), the Naval Inspector General (NIG), the Chief of Legislative Affairs, and the Chief of Naval Research. The Office of the Secretary of the Navy has sole responsibility within the Department of the Navy for acquisition, auditing, financial and information management, legislative affairs, public affairs, research, and development.[6]

The Chief of Naval Operations and the Commandant of the Marine Corps have their own separate staffs, the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (also known by its acronym OPNAV) and Headquarters Marine Corps.

Secretaries of the Navy

[7][8]

Continental Congress

Position Picture Name Term of Office
Chairman of the Marine Committee US Navy 031029-N-6236G-001 A painting of President John Adams (1735-1826), 2nd president of the United States, by Asher B. Durand (1767-1845)-crop John Adams 13 October 1775 – 1779
Member of the Marine Committee John langdon John Langdon 13 October 1775–?
Member of the Marine Committee Silas Deane - Du Simitier and B.L. Prevost Silas Deane 13 October 1775–?
Member of the Marine Committee Joseph Hewes Joseph Hewes 1775[9]
Continental Navy Board
(under Marine Committee)
6 November 1776 – 28 October 1779
Chairman of the Continental Board of Admiralty Francis Lewis Francis Lewis December 1779 – 1780
Secretary of Marine AlexanderMcdougall Alexander McDougall 7 February 1781 – 29 August 1781
Agent of Marine
(devolved onto Superintendent of Finance)
Robert Morris Robert Morris 29 August 1781 – 1784[10]

(Post of Secretary of Marine created but remained vacant)

Executive Department 1798–1949

No. Picture Name State Term of Office Served under
1 Benjamin Stoddert SecNavy Benjamin Stoddert Maryland 18 June 1798 – 31 March 1801 John Adams/Thomas Jefferson
2 Robert Smith SecNavy Robert Smith Maryland 27 July 1801 – 4 March 1809 Thomas Jefferson
3 Paul Hamilton SecNavy.jpeg Paul Hamilton South Carolina 15 May 1809 – 31 December 1812 James Madison
4 William-Jones William Jones Pennsylvania 19 January 1813 – 1 December 1814
5 BWCrowninshield Benjamin W. Crowninshield Massachusetts 16 January 1815 – 30 September 1818
James Monroe
6 SmithThompson Smith Thompson New York 1 January 1819 – 31 August 1823
7 Samuel L. Southard SecNavy Samuel L. Southard New Jersey 16 September 1823 – 4 March 1829
John Quincy Adams
8 JohnBranch2 John Branch North Carolina 9 March 1829 – 12 May 1831 Andrew Jackson
9 Levi Woodbury Levi Woodbury New Hampshire 23 May 1831 – 30 June 1834
10 Mahlon Dickerson Mahlon Dickerson New Jersey 1 July 1834 – 30 June 1838
Martin Van Buren
11 JKPaulding James K. Paulding New York 1 July 1838 – 4 March 1841
12 GEBadger-portrait George E. Badger North Carolina 6 March 1841 – 11 September 1841 William Henry Harrison
John Tyler
13 Abel P. Upshur SecNavy Abel P. Upshur Virginia 11 October 1841 – 23 July 1843
14 David Henshaw SecNavy David Henshaw Massachusetts 24 July 1843 – 18 February 1844
15 Thomas Gilmer newer.jpeg Thomas W. Gilmer Virginia 19 February 1844 – 28 February 1844
16 JYMason John Y. Mason Virginia 26 March 1844 – 4 March 1845
17 George Bancroft United States Secretary of Navy c. 1860 George Bancroft Massachusetts 11 March 1845 – 9 September 1846 James Knox Polk
18 JYMason John Y. Mason Virginia 10 September 1846 – 4 March 1849
19 WmBdPreston William B. Preston Virginia 8 March 1849 – 22 July 1850 Zachary Taylor
20 William Alexander Graham - Brady-Handy William A. Graham North Carolina 2 August 1850 – 25 July 1852 Millard Fillmore
21 JohnKennedy John P. Kennedy Maryland 26 July 1852 – 4 March 1853
22 JCDobbin James C. Dobbin North Carolina 8 March 1853 – 4 March 1857 Franklin Pierce
23 Isaac Toucey - Brady-Handy Isaac Toucey Connecticut 7 March 1857 – 4 March 1861 James Buchanan
24 Gideon Welles - Ambrotype Gideon Welles Connecticut 7 March 1861 – 4 March 1869 Abraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
25 Adolph Borie, Brady-Handy bw photo portrait, ca1860-1875 Adolph E. Borie Pennsylvania 9 March 1869 – 25 June 1869 Ulysses S. Grant
26 George Robeson 1865 1880 George M. Robeson New Jersey 26 June 1869 – 4 March 1877
(acting) William Faxon cropped William Faxon 4 March 1877 – 13 March 1877 Rutherford B. Hayes
27 RWThompson Richard W. Thompson Indiana 13 March 1877 – 20 December 1880
28 Nathan Goff, Jr. - Brady-Handy Nathan Goff, Jr. West Virginia 7 January 1881 – 4 March 1881
29 William-Henry-Hunt William H. Hunt Louisiana 7 March 1881 – 16 April 1882 James Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
30 Wm Eaton Chandler William E. Chandler New Hampshire 16 April 1882 – 4 March 1885
31 William Collins Whitney by Charles Milton Bell c1892 William C. Whitney New York 7 March 1885 – 4 March 1889 Grover Cleveland
32 BFTracy Benjamin F. Tracy New York 6 March 1889 – 4 March 1893 Benjamin Harrison
33 Hilary A. Herbert Hilary A. Herbert Alabama 7 March 1893 – 4 March 1897 Grover Cleveland
34 JDLong John D. Long Massachusetts 6 March 1897 – 30 April 1902 William McKinley
Theodore Roosevelt
35 WHMoody William H. Moody Massachusetts 1 May 1902 – 30 June 1904
36 Paul Morton Paul Morton Illinois 1 July 1904 – 30 June 1905
37 CJBonaparte Charles J. Bonaparte Maryland 1 July 1905 – 16 December 1906
38 VHMetcalf.jpeg Victor H. Metcalf California 17 December 1906 – 30 November 1908
39 Truman Handy Newberry Truman H. Newberry Michigan 1 December 1908 – 4 March 1909
40 GvLMeyer George von Lengerke Meyer Massachusetts 6 March 1909 – 4 March 1913 William Howard Taft
41 Josephus Daniels 1 Josephus Daniels North Carolina 5 March 1913 – 4 March 1921 Woodrow Wilson
42 ECDenby Edwin C. Denby Michigan 6 March 1921 – 10 March 1924 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
(acting) Theodore Roosevelt Jr. 1921 Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. 10 March 1924 – 19 March 1924
43 Curtis Dwight Wilbur Curtis D. Wilbur California 19 March 1924 – 4 March 1929
44 CharlesAdamsIII Charles F. Adams III Massachusetts 5 March 1929 – 4 March 1933 Herbert Hoover
45 Claude Augustus Swanson Claude A. Swanson Virginia 4 March 1933 – 7 July 1939 Franklin D. Roosevelt
46 Charles Edison Charles Edison New Jersey 7 July 1939 – 2 January 1940
2 January 1940 – 24 June 1940
(acting) Lewis Compton (Assistant Secretary of the Navy) Lewis Compton 24 June 1940 – 11 July 1940
47 Fknox Frank Knox Illinois 11 July 1940 – 28 April 1944
(acting) Ralph Bard 1922 Ralph A. Bard 28 April 1944 – 19 May 1944
48 James Forrestal - SecOfDef James V. Forrestal New York 19 May 1944 – 17 September 1947
Harry S. Truman
49 John L Sullivan SecofNavy John L. Sullivan 18 September 1947 24 May 1949
50 Francis P. Matthews Francis P. Matthews 25 May 1949 10 August 1949

Military Department (Department of Defense) 1949–present

No. Image Name Term of Office Served under:
Began Ended Days of Service Secretary President
50 Francis P. Matthews Francis P. Matthews 10 August 1949 31 July 1951 797 Louis A. Johnson
George C. Marshall
Harry S. Truman
51 DanAKimball Dan A. Kimball 31 July 1951 20 January 1953 539 George C. Marshall
Robert A. Lovett
52 Robert B Anderson.jpeg Robert B. Anderson 4 February 1953 3 March 1954 392 Charles E. Wilson Dwight D. Eisenhower
53 CharlesSThomas Charles S. Thomas 3 May 1954 1 April 1957 1064
54 Thomas Gates official DoD photo Thomas S. Gates, Jr. 1 April 1957 8 June 1959 798 Charles E. Wilson
Neil H. McElroy
55 WilliamBFranke William B. Franke 8 June 1959 19 January 1961 591 Neil H. McElroy
Thomas S. Gates, Jr.
56 John Connally John B. Connally 25 January 1961 20 December 1961 329 Robert S. McNamara John F. Kennedy
57 FredKorth Fred Korth 4 January 1962 1 November 1963 666
(acting) PaulBFay Paul B. Fay 2 November 1963 28 November 1963 26 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
58 Paul Nitze.jpeg Paul H. Nitze 29 November 1963 30 June 1967 1309 Lyndon B. Johnson
(acting) Charles F. Baird 1 July 1967 31 August 1967 61
59 Ignatius, Paul Robert Paul R. Ignatius 1 September 1967 24 January 1969 511 Robert S. McNamara
Clark Clifford
Melvin R. Laird
Lyndon B. Johnson
Richard M. Nixon
60 John Chafee John H. Chafee 31 January 1969 4 May 1972 1189 Melvin R. Laird Richard M. Nixon
61 John W Warner Sec of Navy John W. Warner 4 May 1972 8 April 1974 704 Melvin R. Laird
Elliot Richardson
James R. Schlesinger
62 JohnWilliamMiddendorf J. William Middendorf 8 April 1974 20 January 1977 1018 James R. Schlesinger
Donald H. Rumsfeld
Richard M. Nixon
Gerald Ford
63 W. Graham Claytor 1984 W. Graham Claytor, Jr. 14 February 1977 24 August 1979 921 Harold Brown Jimmy Carter
64 Edward Hidalgo, head and shoulders, facing front Edward Hidalgo 24 October 1979 20 January 1981 454
65 John Lehman, official photo as Secretary of the Navy, 1982.JPEG John Lehman 5 February 1981 10 April 1987 2255 Caspar W. Weinberger Ronald Reagan
66 James Webb, Assistant Secretary of Defense, official photo.JPEG Jim Webb 1 May 1987 23 February 1988 298 Caspar W. Weinberger
Frank C. Carlucci
67 William L Ball William L. Ball 28 March 1988 15 May 1989 413 Frank C. Carlucci
Richard B. Cheney
Ronald Reagan
George H. W. Bush
68 Henry Lawrence Garrett III, official Navy photo, 1987 Henry L. Garrett III 15 May 1989 26 June 1992 1138 Richard B. Cheney George H. W. Bush
(acting) Daniel Howard 26 June 1992 7 July 1992 11
69 Sean O'Keefe, official Navy photo, 1992 Sean O'Keefe 7 July 1992 2 October 1992 87
2 October 1992 20 January 1993 110
(acting) Admiral Frank Kelso, official military photo.JPEG Admiral Frank B. Kelso II 20 January 1993 21 July 1993 182 Les Aspin Bill Clinton
70 DaltonJohn John H. Dalton 22 July 1993 16 November 1998 1943 Les Aspin
William J. Perry
William S. Cohen
71 Richard Danzig, official Navy photo Richard Danzig 16 November 1998 20 January 2001 796 William S. Cohen
(acting) Robert Pirie, official photo portrait, circa 2001 Robert B. Pirie, Jr. 20 January 2001 24 May 2001 124 Donald H. Rumsfeld George W. Bush
72 Gordon England portrait Gordon R. England 24 May 2001 30 January 2003 616
(acting) US Navy 030202-N-0000X-001 Under Secretary of the Navy Susan Livingstone 30 January 2003 7 February 2003 8
(acting) US Navy 030402-N-0000X-001 Secretary of the Navy Hansford T. Johnson (Acting) Hansford T. Johnson 7 February 2003 30 September 2003 235
73 Gordon England portrait Gordon R. England 1 October 2003 29 December 2005[11] 820
(acting) AvilesDionel Dionel M. Aviles 29 December 2005[11] 3 January 2006[11] 5
74 Donald Winter, official photo as Secretary of the Navy, 2006 Donald C. Winter 3 January 2006[11] 13 March 2009[12] 1165 Donald H. Rumsfeld
Robert M. Gates
George W. Bush
Barack Obama
(acting) PennBJ B. J. Penn 13 March 2009[12] 19 May 2009[13] 67 Robert M. Gates Barack Obama
75 SECNAV-Mabus-OfficialPhoto2-2014 Ray Mabus 19 May 2009[12] 20 January 2017 2803 Robert M. Gates
Leon Panetta
Chuck Hagel
Ash Carter
(acting) Sean J. Stackley Sean Stackley 20 January 2017 3 August 2017 195 Jim Mattis

Patrick M. Shanahan

Donald Trump
76 Richard V. Spencer Richard V. Spencer 3 August 2017 Incumbent 625

See also

References

  1. ^ "Guide to Federal Records – General Records of the Department of the Navy, 1798–1947". Retrieved 23 September 2007.
  2. ^ "The US Navy". Retrieved 23 September 2007.
  3. ^ "US CODE: Title 10,5013. Secretary of the Navy". Retrieved 23 September 2007.
  4. ^ "U.S. Navy Biographies – The Honorable Donald C. Winter". Retrieved 23 September 2007.
  5. ^ "US CODE: Title 10,5013a. Secretary of the Navy: powers with respect to Coast Guard". Retrieved 23 September 2007.
  6. ^ "US CODE: Title 10,5014. Office of the Secretary of the Navy". Retrieved 23 September 2007.
  7. ^ "Department of the Navy, Office of the General Counsel (DON-OGC) – OGC History". Archived from the original on 24 July 2007. Retrieved 23 September 2007.
  8. ^ Cahoon, Ben (2000). "United States Government". World Statesmen. Retrieved 14 April 2009.
  9. ^ Joseph Hewes. Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval Historical and Heritage Command.
  10. ^ Benson J. Lossing. Household History for All Readers. 1877. Republished in Our Country vol. 2
  11. ^ a b c d Staff reporter (29 December 2005). "Acting Deputy Defense Secretary Relinquishes Top Navy Post". American Forces Press Service. Retrieved 18 May 2009. Navy Undersecretary Dionel M. Aviles will serve as acting Navy secretary effective today. Donald Winter, who was confirmed by the Senate last month, will be sworn in as the 74th secretary of the Navy on Jan. 3.
  12. ^ a b c "Navy Secretary Departs Office" (Press release). United States Department of Defense. 13 March 2009. Retrieved 18 May 2009. The 74th Secretary of the Navy, Donald C. Winter, resigned his office today as planned. Winter had agreed to remain in office until March 13, 2009, to ease the transition of the Department of Defense. [...] BJ Penn will be the acting Secretary of the Navy until the Senate confirms a nominee chosen by President Barack Obama.
  13. ^ Staff reporter (19 May 2005). "Mabus Sworn in as New Navy Secretary". NNS. Retrieved 20 May 2009. Ray Mabus, former Mississippi governor and U.S. ambassador to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, was sworn in May 19 as the 75th secretary of the Navy. (Archived by WebCite at WebCite)

External links

Benjamin Stoddert

Benjamin Stoddert (1744 – December 18, 1813) was the first United States Secretary of the Navy from May 1, 1798, to March 31, 1801.

Benjamin Williams Crowninshield

Benjamin Williams Crowninshield (December 27, 1772 – February 3, 1851) served as the United States Secretary of the Navy between 1815 and 1818, during the administrations of Presidents James Madison and James Monroe.

Charles Edison

Charles Edison, (August 3, 1890 – July 31, 1969) was a son of Thomas Edison and Mina Miller Edison. Commonly known as "Lord Edison", he was a businessman, inventor and animal behaviorist who became Assistant and then United States Secretary of the Navy, and served as the 42nd Governor of New Jersey.

Charles Francis Adams III

Charles Francis "Deacon" Adams III (August 2, 1866 – June 10, 1954) was an American politician. He was a member of the prominent American Adams family, was the United States Secretary of the Navy under President Herbert Hoover and a well-known yachtsman.

David Henshaw (American politician)

David Henshaw (April 2, 1791 – November 11, 1852) was the 14th United States Secretary of the Navy.

Henshaw was born in Leicester, Massachusetts in 1791 and educated at Leicester Academy. Trained as a druggist, he achieved notable success in that field, then expanded his energies into banking, transportation and politics. He was elected to the Massachusetts Senate in 1826 and served as Collector of the Port of Boston from the late 1820s until 1838. Though he suffered business reverses during the later 1830s, Henshaw regained his political position as a leader of the Massachusetts Democratic Party within a few years.

In July 1843, President John Tyler selected Henshaw as Secretary of the Navy. During his brief term in office, he addressed shipbuilding problems, selected senior officers for important seagoing commands, revised supply arrangements in the Navy Yards and attempted to establish a school for Midshipmen. His recess appointment as Secretary failed to receive Congressional confirmation, requiring that he leave office when his successor was confirmed. Henshaw then returned to Massachusetts politics. He died in 1852.

USS Henshaw (DD-278) was named in his honor.

Donald C. Winter

Donald Charles Winter (born June 15, 1948) is an American politician and businessman who served as United States Secretary of the Navy. A former top executive of TRW, Aerospace & Defense, he was nominated in 2005 by President George W. Bush, confirmed by the United States Senate, and took the oath of office on January 3, 2006. In January 2009 Defense Secretary Gates requested that Winter remain in office until President Obama picked his successor on March 13, 2009. He resigned on March 13.

Edward Hidalgo

Edward Hidalgo (born Eduardo Hidalgo; October 12, 1912 – January 21, 1995) served as the United States Secretary of the Navy in the Carter administration from October 24, 1979 to January 20, 1981. He had previously served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Manpower and Reserve Affairs) from April 1977 to October 1979.

George von Lengerke Meyer

George von Lengerke Meyer (June 24, 1858 – March 9, 1918) was a Massachusetts businessman and politician who served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives, as United States ambassador to Italy and Russia, as United States Postmaster General from 1907 to 1909 during the administration of President Theodore Roosevelt and United States Secretary of the Navy from 1909 to 1913 during the administration of President William Howard Taft.

Gilmer, Texas

Gilmer is a city in and the county seat of Upshur County, Texas, United States. It is best known for being the home of the East Texas Yamboree, as well as the birthplace of popular music singers Don Henley of the Eagles band and Johnny Mathis, as well as blues musician Freddie King. The population was 4,905 at the 2010 census. The city's namesake is a former United States Secretary of the Navy, Thomas Walker Gilmer.

James C. Dobbin

James Cochran Dobbin (January 17, 1814 – August 4, 1857) was a nineteenth-century politician and lawyer who served as United States Secretary of the Navy from 1853 to 1857.

Born in Fayetteville, North Carolina in 1814, the grandson of congressman James Cochran, Dobbin attended Fayetteville Academy and the William Bingham School and later went on to graduate from the University of North Carolina in 1832. While at Carolina, Dobbin distinguished himself as a member of Philanthropic Assembly. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1835, commencing practice in Fayetteville.

Dobbin later got involved in politics and was elected a Democrat to the twenty-ninth congress, serving from 1845 to 1847. He later served in the North Carolina House of Commons in 1848, 1850 and 1852, also serving as speaker of the house in 1850.

In 1852, he was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention where he helped secure the nomination of dark horse candidate Franklin Pierce for the presidency. Pierce appointed Dobbin United States Secretary of the Navy as a reward for his work in the presidential campaign. A firm believer in a strong Navy as an insurance for peace, Dobbin instituted reforms throughout the Navy. Eighteen of the finest ships of their class in the world were built during his tenure as Navy secretary. Under his auspices, the Perry expedition to Japan was carried to a successful termination and the treaty with that country signed. He ordered U.S. Navy Lieutenant Isaac Strain to command a U.S. Darién Exploring Expedition to map and survey the Darién Gap for a Panama Canal to link the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

After his term as Navy secretary expired in 1857, Dobbin returned to Fayetteville where later that year he would die; he was interred at Cross Creek Cemetery in Fayetteville. He was memorialized when a ship, present at the attack of Pearl Harbor, was named in his honor the USS Dobbin (AD-3).

Nathan Goff Jr.

Nathan Goff Jr. (February 9, 1843 – April 24, 1920) was a United States Representative from West Virginia, the 28th United States Secretary of the Navy during President Rutherford B. Hayes administration, a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit and of the United States Circuit Courts for the Fourth Circuit and a United States Senator from West Virginia.

Paul B. Fay

Paul Burgess Fay Jr. (8 July 1918, San Francisco, California – 23 September 2009 Woodside, California), was the Acting United States Secretary of the Navy in November 1963, and a close confidant of President John F. Kennedy.

Richard V. Spencer

Richard Vaughn Spencer (born January 18, 1954) is an American politician and businessman who currently serves as the 76th United States Secretary of the Navy. Spencer served in the U.S. Marine Corps from 1976 to 1981 as a Marine Aviator and also served as Vice Chairman and Chief Financial Officer of Intercontinental Exchange from November 2001 to January 2008.

Robert Smith (Cabinet member)

Robert Smith (November 3, 1757 – November 26, 1842) was the second United States Secretary of the Navy from 1801 to 1809 and the sixth United States Secretary of State from 1809 to 1811. He was the brother of Senator Samuel Smith.

Smith was born in Lancaster in the Province of Pennsylvania. During the American Revolutionary War, he served in the Continental Army and participated in the Battle of Brandywine. He graduated from Princeton in 1781 and began to practice law in Maryland. Smith became a Presidential Elector in the Electoral College for Maryland in 1789, then a member of the state's senate from 1793 to 1795, and finally a member of Maryland's house of delegates from 1796 to 1800. President Thomas Jefferson appointed him as Secretary of the Navy in July 1801 after William Jones declined the position. On March 2, 1805, the Senate confirmed the appointments of Smith as United States Attorney General and Jacob Crowninshield as Secretary of the Navy. However, Crowninshield declined his appointment, so Smith briefly served as both Attorney General and Secretary of the Navy.

Eventually, President Jefferson appointed John Breckinridge to replace Smith as Attorney General and Smith resumed his role as a full-time Secretary of the Navy. Smith finally left the office of Secretary of the Navy with the end of President Jefferson's administration on March 4, 1809.

Jefferson's successor, President James Madison, immediately appointed Smith as Secretary of State, an office which he held from March 6, 1809, until his forced resignation on April 1, 1811.

Smith was closely allied with his brother, Maryland Senator Samuel Smith. He bitterly opposed Treasury Secretary Albert Gallatin. Madison thought he could be his own Secretary of State, but Smith so often pursued opposite policies that Madison finally demanded his resignation. In Madison's April 1811 "Memorandum on Robert Smith" the president offered a laundry list of Smith's shortcomings: he questioned Smith's loyalty; he found Smith's diplomatic correspondence wanting; he had been indiscreet in conversations with the British; and he had opposed the Administration's efforts to secure concessions from Britain and France by limiting trade. Apparently Smith was bewildered by these and other charges leveled by Madison and published an exoneration of himself, "Robert Smith's Address to the People of the United States," an attack on Madison's foreign policy. Madison offered Smith the post of ambassador to Russia, currently then held by John Quincy Adams. Smith considered the offer, but in the end, he refused the post.Smith became the president of the not-yet-fully-organized American Bible Society in 1813. In 1818, he became the founding president of the Maryland Agriculture Society and afterwards retired to a more private life where he enjoyed his wealth. Robert Smith died in Baltimore, Maryland, on November 26, 1842. The USS Robert Smith was named for him.

Smith Thompson

Smith Thompson (January 17, 1768 – December 18, 1843) was a United States Secretary of the Navy from 1819 to 1823, and a United States Supreme Court Associate Justice from 1823 until his death in 1843.

USS Paul Hamilton (DDG-60)

USS Paul Hamilton (DDG-60) is an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer in the United States Navy currently in service. The ship is named after Paul Hamilton, the third United States Secretary of the Navy,

Constructed at Bath Iron Works (BIW) in Bath, Maine, Paul Hamilton was commissioned in Charleston, South Carolina. The destroyer was transferred to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii after her commissioning. She is currently homeported in San Diego, California.

In July 2015, she along with the Royal Navy's HMS Duncan, participated in airstrikes against ISIL.

USS Paul Ignatius

USS Paul Ignatius (DDG-117) is an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer of the United States Navy. She is named for Paul Ignatius who served as United States Secretary of the Navy under President Lyndon Johnson from 1967 to 1969. Ignatius had previously served as a commissioned lieutenant in the Navy during World War II. Paul Ignatius is the 2nd of 8 planned Flight IIA "technology insertion" ships, which contains elements of the Flight III ships.

She was launched on November 12, 2016, and was christened on 8 April 2017.

William B. Franke

William Birrell Franke (April 15, 1894 – June 30, 1979) was United States Secretary of the Navy from 1959 to 1961 under Dwight D. Eisenhower. Franke was born in Troy, New York and attended Pace College.

Franke was instrumental in developing and implementing new, modern technology for the United States Navy, including the use of nuclear-powered warships. He served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Financial Management and Comptroller) from 1954 to 1957.

He was awarded the Department of Defense's Distinguished Service Award and the Medal of Freedom for his work. He died in Vermont after complications from gall bladder surgery.

William H. Hunt

William Henry Hunt (June 12, 1823 – February 27, 1884) was the United States Secretary of the Navy under President James Garfield and briefly under President Chester A. Arthur.

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