United States Secretary of the Interior

The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interior. The Department of the Interior in the United States is responsible for the management and conservation of most federal land and natural resources; it oversees such agencies as the Bureau of Land Management, the United States Geological Survey, and the National Park Service. The Secretary also serves on and appoints the private citizens on the National Park Foundation board. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet. The U.S. Department of the Interior should not be confused with the Ministries of the Interior as used in many other countries. Ministries of the Interior in these other countries correspond primarily to the Department of Homeland Security in the U.S. Cabinet and secondarily to the Department of Justice.

Because the policies and activities of the Department of the Interior and many of its agencies have a substantial impact in the Western United States,[2] the Secretary of the Interior has typically come from a western state; only two of the individuals to hold the office since 1949 have not been from a state lying west of the Mississippi River. The current Interior Secretary is Ryan Zinke, who was nominated by President Donald Trump on December 13, 2016 [3] and approved by the Senate on March 1, 2017.

Secretary of the Interior of the United States
Seal of the United States Department of the Interior
Seal of the U.S. Department of the Interior
Flag of the United States Secretary of the Interior
Flag of the U.S. Secretary of the Interior
Ryan Zinke official portrait (cropped)
Incumbent
Ryan Zinke

since March 1, 2017
United States Department of the Interior
StyleMr. Secretary
Member ofCabinet
Reports toThe President
SeatWashington, D.C.
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNo fixed term
Constituting instrument43 U.S.C. § 1451
FormationMarch 3, 1849
First holderThomas Ewing
SuccessionEighth[1]
DeputyDeputy Secretary of the Interior
SalaryExecutive Schedule, level 1
Websitewww.doi.gov

Line of succession

The line of succession for the Secretary of Interior is as follows:[4]

  1. Deputy Secretary of the Interior
  2. Solicitor of the Interior
  3. Assistant Secretary for Policy, Management and Budget
  4. Assistant Secretary for Land and Minerals Management
  5. Assistant Secretary for Water and Science
  6. Assistant Secretary for Fish, Wildlife and Parks
  7. Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs
  8. Director, Security, Safety, and Law Enforcement, Bureau of Reclamation
  9. Central Region Director, US Geological Survey
  10. Intermountain Regional Director, National Park Service
  11. Region 6 (Mountain-Prairie Region) Director, US Fish and Wildlife Service
  12. Colorado State Director, Bureau of Land Management
  13. Regional Solicitor, Rocky Mountain Region

List of Secretaries of the Interior

Parties

  Whig (3)   Democratic (16)   Republican (33)

Status
  Denotes acting Secretary of the Interior
Number Portrait Name State of Residence Took office Left office President(s)
1 ThomasEwingSr Thomas Ewing Ohio March 8, 1849 July 22, 1850 Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
2 Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan Thomas M. T. McKennan Pennsylvania August 15, 1850 August 26, 1850
3 AxHHStuart Alexander H. H. Stuart Virginia September 14, 1850 March 7, 1853
4 Robert McClelland 1 Robert McClelland Michigan March 8, 1853 March 9, 1857 Franklin Pierce
5 Jacob Thompson (ca. 1857) Jacob Thompson Mississippi March 10, 1857 January 8, 1861 James Buchanan
6 CBSmith Caleb B. Smith Indiana March 5, 1861 December 31, 1862 Abraham Lincoln
7 John Palmer Usher John P. Usher Indiana January 1, 1863 May 15, 1865 Abraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
8 James-Harlan James Harlan Iowa May 16, 1865 August 31, 1866 Andrew Johnson
9 Orville Hickman Browning - Brady-Handy Orville H. Browning Illinois September 1, 1866 March 4, 1869 Andrew Johnson
10 Jacob Dolson Cox - Brady-Handy Jacob D. Cox Ohio March 5, 1869 October 31, 1870 Ulysses S. Grant
11 CDelano Columbus Delano Ohio November 1, 1870 September 30, 1875
12 Zachariah Chandler Zachariah Chandler Michigan October 19, 1875 March 11, 1877
13 Carl-Schurz Carl Schurz Missouri March 12, 1877 March 7, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
14 Samuel Jordan Kirkwood Samuel J. Kirkwood Iowa March 8, 1881 April 17, 1882 James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
15 Henry Moore Teller Henry M. Teller Colorado April 18, 1882 March 3, 1885
16 Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar Lucius Q. C. Lamar II Mississippi March 6, 1885 January 10, 1888 Grover Cleveland
17 Vilas2 William F. Vilas Wisconsin January 16, 1888 March 6, 1889
18 John Willock Noble John W. Noble Missouri March 7, 1889 March 6, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
19 M. Hoke Smith, 1912 Hoke Smith Georgia March 6, 1893 September 1, 1896 Grover Cleveland
20 David Rowland Francis David R. Francis Missouri September 3, 1896 March 5, 1897
21 Cornelius Newton Bliss Cornelius N. Bliss New York March 6, 1897 February 19, 1899 William McKinley
22 EAHitchcock-SecInterior Ethan A. Hitchcock Missouri February 20, 1899 March 4, 1907
Theodore Roosevelt
23 James Rudolph Garfield James R. Garfield Ohio March 5, 1907 March 5, 1909
24 Richard Achilles Ballinger Richard A. Ballinger Washington March 6, 1909 March 12, 1911 William Howard Taft
25 Walter L. Fisher cph.3a00307 Walter L. Fisher Illinois March 13, 1911 March 5, 1913
26 Franklin Knight Lane Franklin K. Lane California March 6, 1913 February 29, 1920 Woodrow Wilson
Alexander T. Vogelsang
Acting
California February 29, 1920 March 13, 1920
27 John Barton Payne (1855–1935) - Official portrait John B. Payne Illinois March 15, 1920 March 4, 1921
28 Albert Fall Albert B. Fall New Mexico March 5, 1921 March 4, 1923 Warren G. Harding
29 Hubert Work cph.3b20185 Hubert Work Colorado March 5, 1923 July 24, 1928
Calvin Coolidge
30 Roy Owen West Roy O. West Illinois July 25, 1928 March 4, 1929
31 RayLymanWilbur Ray Lyman Wilbur California March 5, 1929 March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
32 Ickes Harold L. Ickes Illinois March 4, 1933 February 15, 1946 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
Oscar Littleton Chapman Oscar L. Chapman
Acting
Colorado February 15, 1946 March 18, 1946
33 Julius A Krug Julius A. Krug Wisconsin March 18, 1946 December 1, 1949
34 Oscar Littleton Chapman Oscar L. Chapman Colorado December 1, 1949 January 20, 1953
35 Douglas McKay Douglas McKay Oregon January 21, 1953 April 15, 1956 Dwight D. Eisenhower
Clarence A. Davis
Acting
Nebraska April 15, 1956 June 8, 1956
36 Seaton Fred A. Seaton Nebraska June 8, 1956 January 20, 1961
37 Stewart L Udall - 1960s Stewart L. Udall Arizona January 21, 1961 January 20, 1969 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
38 Hickel Walter J. Hickel Alaska January 24, 1969 November 25, 1970 Richard Nixon
Fred J. Russell
Acting
California November 25, 1970 January 29, 1971
39 RogersClarkBallardMorton Rogers C. B. Morton Maryland January 29, 1971 April 30, 1975
Gerald Ford
D. Kent Frizzell
Acting
Kansas April 30, 1975 June 12, 1975
40 Stanley K Hathaway Stanley K. Hathaway Wyoming June 12, 1975 October 9, 1975
D. Kent Frizzell
Acting
Kansas October 9, 1975 October 17, 1975
41 Thomas S Kleppe Thomas S. Kleppe North Dakota October 17, 1975 January 20, 1977
Alfred G. Albert
Acting
January 20, 1977 January 23, 1977 Jimmy Carter
42 Cecil D Andrus Cecil D. Andrus Idaho January 23, 1977 January 20, 1981
43 James g watt James G. Watt Colorado January 23, 1981 November 8, 1983 Ronald Reagan
J. J. Simmons III
Acting
New Jersey November 8, 1983 November 18, 1983
44 William patrick clark William P. Clark California November 18, 1983 February 7, 1985
45 Donald hodel Donald P. Hodel Virginia February 8, 1985 January 20, 1989
Earl E. Gjelde
Acting
Virginia January 20, 1989 February 3, 1989 George H. W. Bush
46 Lujan manuel Manuel Lujan, Jr. New Mexico February 3, 1989 January 20, 1993
47 Bruce babbitt Bruce E. Babbitt Arizona January 22, 1993 January 2, 2001 Bill Clinton
Thomas N. Slonaker
Acting
Arizona January 2, 2001 January 31, 2001
George W. Bush
48 Gale Norton.jpeg Gale A. Norton Colorado January 31, 2001 March 31, 2006
Lynn Scarlett Lynn Scarlett
Acting
California April 1, 2006 May 26, 2006
49 Dirk Kempthorne, official Interior Dept color photo, 2006 Dirk Kempthorne Idaho May 29, 2006 January 19, 2009
- Lynn Scarlett Lynn Scarlett
Acting
California January 19, 2009 January 20, 2009
Barack Obama
50 Ken Salazar official DOI portrait Ken Salazar Colorado January 20, 2009 April 12, 2013
51 Sally Jewell official portrait Sally Jewell Washington April 12, 2013[5] January 20, 2017
No image Kevin Haugrud
Acting
January 20, 2017 March 1, 2017 Donald Trump
52 Ryan Zinke official portrait (cropped) Ryan Zinke Montana March 1, 2017 Incumbent

Living former Secretaries of the Interior

Flag of the United States Secretary of the Interior (1917-1934)
The former flag of the United States Secretary of the Interior, which was used from 1917 to 1934

As of November 2018, eight former Secretaries of the Interior are alive (with all Secretaries that have served since 1985 still living), the oldest being Manuel Lujan, Jr. (served 1989–1993, born 1928). The most recent to die was Cecil D. Andrus (served 1977–1981, born 1931), on August 23, 2017. The most recently serving Secretary to die was William P. Clark Jr. (served 1983–1985, born 1931), on August 10, 2013.

Name Term of office Date of birth (and age)
James G. Watt 1981–1983 January 31, 1938 (age 80)
Donald P. Hodel 1985–1989 May 23, 1935 (age 83)
Manuel Lujan, Jr. 1989–1993 May 12, 1928 (age 90)
Bruce E. Babbitt 1993–2001 June 27, 1938 (age 80)
Gale A. Norton 2001–2006 March 11, 1954 (age 64)
Dirk Kempthorne 2006–2009 October 29, 1951 (age 67)
Ken Salazar 2009–2013 March 2, 1955 (age 63)
Sally Jewell 2013–2017 February 21, 1956 (age 62)

References

  1. ^ https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/3/19
  2. ^ Salazar, Vilsack: The West's New Land Lords Archived December 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Vogel, Kenneth; Severns, Maggie (December 13, 2016). "Trump selects Zinke as interior secretary". Politico. Washington, DC. Retrieved December 13, 2016.
  4. ^ "Chapter 3: SECRETARIAL SUCCESSION (2) - Laserfiche WebLink". elips.doi.gov. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  5. ^ "About Secretary Jewell". U.S. Department of the Interior. Archived from the original on June 8, 2013. Retrieved May 23, 2013.

External links

Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Matthew Whitaker
as Acting Attorney General
Order of Precedence of the United States
as Secretary of the Interior
Succeeded by
Sonny Perdue
as Secretary of Agriculture
Current U.S. presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Secretary of Defense
James Mattis
8th in line Succeeded by
Secretary of Agriculture
Sonny Perdue

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