United States Secretary of Energy

The United States Secretary of Energy is the head of the United States Department of Energy, a member of the Cabinet of the United States, and fourteenth in the presidential line of succession. The position was formed on October 1, 1977 with the creation of the Department of Energy when President Jimmy Carter signed the Department of Energy Organization Act.[2] Originally the post focused on energy production and regulation. The emphasis soon shifted to developing technology for better and more efficient energy sources as well as energy education. After the end of the Cold War, the department's attention also turned toward radioactive waste disposal and maintenance of environmental quality.[3] The current Secretary of Energy is Rick Perry[4]

Former Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger was the first Secretary of Energy, who was a Republican nominated to the post by Democratic President Jimmy Carter, the only time a president has appointed someone of another party to the post. Schlesinger is also the only secretary to be dismissed from the post.[5] Hazel O'Leary, Bill Clinton's first Secretary of Energy, was the first female and African-American holder.[6] The first Hispanic to serve as Energy Secretary was Clinton's second, Federico Peña.[7] Spencer Abraham became the first Arab American to hold the position on November 15, 2004, serving under the administration of George W. Bush. Steven Chu became the first Asian American to hold the position on January 20, 2009, serving under the administration of Barack Obama. He is also the longest-serving Secretary of Energy and the first individual to join the Cabinet having received a Nobel Prize.

Secretary of Energy of the
United States
Seal of the United States Department of Energy
Seal of the Department of Energy
Flag of the United States Secretary of Energy
Flag of the Secretary of Energy
Rick Perry official portrait (cropped)
Incumbent
Rick Perry

since March 2, 2017
United States Department of Energy
StyleMr. Secretary
Member ofCabinet National Security Council
Reports toThe President
SeatWashington, D.C.
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNo fixed term
Constituting instrument42 U.S.C. § 7131
FormationAugust 6, 1977
First holderJames R. Schlesinger
SuccessionFifteenth[1]
DeputyDeputy Secretary of Energy
SalaryExecutive Schedule, level 1
Websitewww.energy.gov

List of Secretaries of Energy

Parties

  Democratic (6)   Republican (8)

No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took office Left office Party President(s)
1 James Schlesinger official DoD photo James Schlesinger Virginia August 6, 1977 August 23, 1979 Republican Jimmy Carter
2 Secretary Duncan (cropped) Charles Duncan Texas August 24, 1979 January 20, 1981 Democratic
3 Secretary edwards James Edwards South Carolina January 23, 1981 November 5, 1982 Republican Ronald Reagan
4 Donald hodel Donald Hodel Oregon November 5, 1982 February 7, 1985 Republican
5 John S. Herrington John Herrington California February 7, 1985 January 20, 1989 Republican
6 AdmiralWatkinsSmall James Watkins California March 1, 1989 January 20, 1993 Republican George H. W. Bush
7 Hazel O%27Leary Hazel O'Leary Virginia January 22, 1993 January 20, 1997 Democratic Bill Clinton
8 Federico pena Federico Peña Colorado March 12, 1997 June 30, 1998 Democratic
9 Bill Richardson, official DOE photo Bill Richardson New Mexico August 18, 1998 January 20, 2001 Democratic
10 Spencer Abraham Spencer Abraham Michigan January 20, 2001 February 1, 2005 Republican George W. Bush
11 Samuel Bodman Samuel Bodman Illinois February 1, 2005 January 20, 2009 Republican
12 Steven Chu official portrait headshot Steven Chu California January 20, 2009 April 22, 2013 Democratic Barack Obama
Daniel Poneman official portrait Daniel Poneman Ohio April 22, 2013 May 21, 2013 Democratic
13 Moniz official portrait sitting Ernest Moniz Massachusetts May 21, 2013 January 20, 2017 Democratic
Grace Bochenek Grace Bochenek January 20, 2017 March 2, 2017 Donald Trump
14 Rick Perry official portrait (cropped) Rick Perry Texas March 2, 2017 Incumbent Republican

Living former Secretaries of Energy

As of November 2018, there are nine living former Secretaries of Energy, the oldest being Charles Duncan Jr. (served 1979–1981, born 1926). The most recent Secretary of Energy to die was Samuel Bodman (served 2005-2009, born 1938) on September 7, 2018.

Name Term Date of birth (and age)
Charles Duncan Jr. 1979–1981 September 9, 1926 (age 92)
Donald Hodel 1982–1985 May 23, 1935 (age 83)
John S. Herrington 1985–1989 May 31, 1939 (age 79)
Hazel O'Leary 1993–1997 May 17, 1937 (age 81)
Federico Peña 1997–1998 March 15, 1947 (age 71)
Bill Richardson 1998–2001 November 15, 1947 (age 70)
Spencer Abraham 2001–2005 June 12, 1952 (age 66)
Steven Chu 2009-2013 February 28, 1948 (age 70)
Ernest Moniz 2013-2017 December 22, 1944 (age 73)

See also

References

  1. ^ "3 U.S. Code § 19 - Vacancy in offices of both President and Vice President; officers eligible to act | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute". Law.cornell.edu. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  2. ^ "Origins". U.S. Department of Energy. Archived from the original on July 12, 2007. Retrieved July 29, 2007.
  3. ^ "The Clinton Administration". The Washington Post. February 18, 2000. Retrieved July 29, 2007.
  4. ^ Davenport, Coral (December 12, 2016). "Rick Perry, Ex-Governor of Texas, Is Trump's Pick as Energy Secretary". The New York Times. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  5. ^ "Biography of James Schlesinger Origins". U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved August 13, 2007.
  6. ^ "President Hazel R. O'Leary Honored by Urban League". Fisk University. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved August 13, 2007.
  7. ^ "Federico F. Peña to be Sworn in as the Eighth Secretary of Energy". U.S. Department of Energy. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved August 13, 2007.

External links

Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Elaine Chao
as Secretary of Transportation
Order of Precedence of the United States
as Secretary of Energy
Succeeded by
Betsy DeVos
as Secretary of Education
Current U.S. presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
Ben Carson
15th in line Succeeded by
Secretary of Education
Betsy Devos

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