United States Secretary of Commerce

The United States Secretary of Commerce (SecCom) is the head of the United States Department of Commerce. The Secretary is appointed by the President of the United States with the advice and consent of the United States Senate and serves in the President's Cabinet. The Secretary is concerned with promoting American businesses and industries; the Department states its mission to be "to foster, promote, and develop the foreign and domestic commerce".[2]

Until 1913 there was one Secretary of Commerce and Labor, uniting this department with the Department of Labor, which is now headed by a separate Secretary of Labor.[3]

The current Commerce Secretary is Wilbur Ross, who was nominated by President Donald Trump and approved by the Senate on February 28, 2017.

United States Secretary of Commerce
Seal of the United States Department of Commerce
Seal of the Department
Flag of the United States Secretary of Commerce
Flag of the Secretary
Wilbur Ross headshot
Incumbent
Wilbur L. Ross

since February 28, 2017
United States Department of Commerce
StyleMr. Secretary
Member ofCabinet
Reports toPresident of the United States
SeatHerbert C. Hoover Building, Washington, D.C.
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNo fixed term
Constituting instrument15 U.S.C. § 1501
PrecursorSecretary of Commerce and Labor
FormationMarch 15, 1913
First holderWilliam Cox Redfield
SuccessionTenth[1]
DeputyDeputy Secretary of Commerce
SalaryExecutive Schedule, level I
WebsiteCommerce.gov
Commerce Building Secretary's Office
The Commerce Secretary's office as it looked in the mid-20th century.

List of Secretaries of Commerce

Parties

  No party (1)   Democratic (20)   Republican (18)

Status
No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took Office Left Office President(s)
1 WilliamCoxRedfield William C. Redfield New York March 5, 1913 October 31, 1919 Woodrow Wilson
2 JoshuaWillisAlexander Joshua W. Alexander Missouri December 16, 1919 March 4, 1921
3 President Hoover portrait Herbert Hoover California March 5, 1921 August 21, 1928 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
4 WilliamFairfieldWhiting William F. Whiting Massachusetts August 22, 1928 March 4, 1929
5 RobertPattersonLamont Robert P. Lamont Illinois March 5, 1929 August 7, 1932 Herbert C. Hoover
6 RobertDikemanChapin Roy D. Chapin Michigan August 8, 1932 March 3, 1933
7 Daniel Calhoun Roper pers0178 Daniel C. Roper South Carolina March 4, 1933 December 23, 1938 Franklin D. Roosevelt
8 Harry Lloyd Hopkins Harry Hopkins New York December 24, 1938 September 18, 1940
9 Jesse Holman Jones pers0174 Jesse H. Jones Texas September 19, 1940 March 1, 1945
10 HenryAgardWallace Henry A. Wallace Iowa March 2, 1945 September 20, 1946
Harry S. Truman
Alfred Schindler
Acting
September 20, 1946 October 7, 1946
11 William Averell Harriman W. Averell Harriman New York October 7, 1946 April 22, 1948
12 CharlesSawyer Charles W. Sawyer Ohio May 6, 1948 January 20, 1953
13 CharlesSinclairWeeks Sinclair Weeks Massachusetts January 21, 1953 November 10, 1958 Dwight D. Eisenhower
Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss pers0164 Lewis Strauss
Acting
West Virginia November 13, 1958 June 30, 1959
14 Frederick Henry Mueller pers0162 Frederick H. Mueller Michigan June 30, 1959 August 10, 1959
August 10, 1959 January 19, 1961
15 Luther Hodges Luther H. Hodges North Carolina January 21, 1961 January 15, 1965 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
16 JohnThomasConnor John T. Connor New Jersey January 18, 1965 January 31, 1967
17 AlexanderBuelTrowbridge Alexander Trowbridge New York January 31, 1967 June 14, 1967
June 14, 1967 March 1, 1968
18 Cyrus Rowlett Smith pers0154 C. R. Smith New York March 6, 1968 January 19, 1969
19 Maurice Stans Maurice Stans New York January 21, 1969 February 15, 1972 Richard Nixon
20 PeterGeorgePeterson Peter George Peterson Illinois February 29, 1972 February 1, 1973
21 FrederickBailyDent Frederick B. Dent South Carolina February 2, 1973 March 26, 1975
Gerald Ford
22 RogersClarkBallardMorton Rogers Morton Maryland May 1, 1975 February 2, 1976
23 ElliotLeeRichardson Elliot Richardson Massachusetts February 2, 1976 January 20, 1977
24 Kreps-juanita-morris Juanita M. Kreps North Carolina January 23, 1977 October 31, 1979 Jimmy Carter
Luther H. Hodges, Jr.
Acting
North Carolina October 31, 1979 January 9, 1980
25 PhilipMorrisKlutznick Philip Klutznick Illinois January 9, 1980 January 20, 1981
26 Malcolm Baldridge pers0138 Malcolm Baldrige, Jr. Connecticut January 20, 1981 July 25, 1987 Ronald Reagan
Bud Brown 97th Congress 1981 Bud Brown
Acting
Ohio July 25, 1987 October 19, 1987
27 CalvinWilliamVerity William Verity, Jr. Ohio October 19, 1987 January 30, 1989
28 RobertAdamMosbacher Robert Mosbacher Texas January 31, 1989 January 15, 1992 George H. W. Bush
Rockwell A. Schnabel
Acting
January 15, 1992 February 27, 1992
29 BarbaraHackmanFranklin Barbara Franklin Pennsylvania February 27, 1992 January 20, 1993
30 RonBrownUS Ron Brown New York January 20, 1993 April 3, 1996 Bill Clinton
Mary Lowe Good - ACS2004 crop Mary L. Good
Acting
Texas April 3, 1996 April 12, 1996
31 MichaelKantor Mickey Kantor Tennessee April 12, 1996 January 21, 1997
32 DaleyWilliam William M. Daley Illinois January 30, 1997 July 19, 2000
MallettRobert Robert L. Mallett
Acting
July 19, 2000 July 21, 2000
33 NormanYoshioMineta Norman Mineta California July 21, 2000 January 20, 2001
34 Donald Evans Donald Evans Texas January 20, 2001 February 7, 2005 George W. Bush
35 Carlos Gutierrez official portrait Carlos Gutierrez Florida February 7, 2005 January 20, 2009
WolffOtto-c Otto J. Wolff
Acting
January 20, 2009 March 26, 2009 Barack Obama
36 Gary Locke official portrait Gary Locke Washington March 26, 2009 August 1, 2011
U s blank official photo-191x235 Rebecca Blank
Acting
Minnesota August 1, 2011 October 21, 2011
37 John Bryson official portrait John Bryson New York October 21, 2011 June 11, 2012
U s blank official photo-191x235 Rebecca Blank
Acting
Minnesota June 11, 2012 June 1, 2013
Cameron Kerry official portrait.jpeg Cameron Kerry
Acting
Massachusetts June 1, 2013 June 26, 2013
38 Penny Pritzker official portrait Penny Pritzker Illinois June 26, 2013 January 20, 2017
Vacant January 20, 2017 February 28, 2017 Donald Trump
39 Wilbur Ross headshot Wilbur Ross Florida February 28, 2017 present

Source: Department of Commerce: Secretaries

Living former Secretaries of Commerce

As of April 2019, there are ten living former Secretaries of Commerce (with all Secretaries that have served since 1996 still living), the oldest being Frederick B. Dent (served 1973–1975, born 1922). The most recent Secretary of Commerce to die was Peter Peterson (served 1972–1973, born 1926), on March 20, 2018. The most recently serving Secretary to die was Ron Brown (1993–1996, born 1941), who died in office on April 3, 1996.

Name Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Frederick B. Dent 1973–1975 August 17, 1922 (age 96)
Barbara H. Franklin 1992–1993 March 4, 1940 (age 79)
Mickey Kantor 1996–1997 August 7, 1939 (age 79)
William M. Daley 1997–2000 August 9, 1948 (age 70)
Norman Mineta 2000–2001 November 12, 1931 (age 87)
Donald Evans 2001–2005 July 27, 1946 (age 72)
Carlos Gutierrez 2005–2009 November 4, 1953 (age 65)
Gary F. Locke 2009–2011 January 21, 1950 (age 69)
John Bryson 2011–2012 July 24, 1943 (age 75)
Penny Pritzker 2013–2017 May 2, 1959 (age 59)

Line of succession

The line of succession for the Secretary of Commerce is as follows:[4]

  1. Deputy Secretary of Commerce
  2. General Counsel of the Department of Commerce
  3. Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade
  4. Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs
  5. Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and Technology
  6. Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  7. Under Secretary of Commerce for Export Administration
  8. Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Commerce and Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Administration
  9. Boulder Laboratories Site Manager, National Institute of Standards and Technology

References

  1. ^ https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/3/19
  2. ^ "US Department of Commerce, Directives Management Program". Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  3. ^ "Milestones". U.S. Department of Commerce. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 2, 2011.
  4. ^ "Providing an Order of Succession Within the Department of Commerce". federalregister.gov. Retrieved October 29, 2016.

External links

U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Sonny Perdue
as Secretary of Agriculture
Order of Precedence of the United States
as Secretary of the Treasury
Succeeded by
Alex Acosta
as Secretary of Labor
U.S. presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Secretary of Agriculture
Sonny Perdue
10th in line Succeeded by
Secretary of Labor
Alex Acosta
1928 United States presidential election in Wyoming

The 1928 United States presidential election in Wyoming took place on November 6, 1928, as part of the 1928 United States presidential election. Wyoming voters chose three representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Wyoming was won by United States Secretary of Commerce and mining engineer Herbert Hoover (R–Iowa), running with Senator Charles Curtis, with 63.68 percent of the popular vote, against the 42nd Governor of New York Al Smith (D–New York), running with Arkansas Senator and former Governor Joseph Robinson, with 35.37 percent. Hoover won all but one of the state’s twenty-three counties, but Smith’s victory in Sweetwater County – which had defied the 1924 GOP landslide by voting for Robert La Follette– would with the aid of extensive unionization create a run of Democratic wins in that county extending to 1968.

Charles W. Sawyer

Charles Sawyer (February 10, 1887 – April 7, 1979) was United States Secretary of Commerce from May 6, 1948 to January 20, 1953 in the administration of Harry Truman.

Daniel C. Roper

Daniel Calhoun Roper (April 1, 1867 – April 11, 1943) was a U.S. administrator who served as the 7th United States Secretary of Commerce under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and was the 5th United States Ambassador to Canada from May 19, 1939 until August 20, 1939.

Frederick B. Dent

Frederick Baily Dent (born August 17, 1922) is a former American businessman who served as the United States Secretary of Commerce from February 2, 1973, to March 26, 1975, during the administrations of U.S. Presidents Richard M. Nixon and Gerald R. Ford, Jr. His assistant secretary, Hastings Wyman, a native of Aiken, South Carolina, became a political consultant and in 1978 the publisher of The Southern Political Report.Dent served as the United States Trade Representative from March 26, 1975 until January 20, 1977, during the remainder of President Ford's administration.

Frederick H. Mueller

Frederick Henry Mueller (November 22, 1893 – August 31, 1976) was a U.S. cabinet officer. He served as the United States Secretary of Commerce from 1959 until 1961, during the administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.

John Bryson

John Edgar Bryson (born July 24, 1943) is the former United States Secretary of Commerce, the 37th person to hold the post since its establishment in 1913. Prior to this, he served as the Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President of Edison International, the parent company of Southern California Edison and as director of The Boeing Company.

The Senate confirmed Bryson as Secretary of Commerce by a 74–26 vote on October 20, 2011. He was sworn in on October 21, 2011. Bryson took a leave of absence in June 2012 for medical tests due to seizures that were related to a hit and run. On June 21, 2012 Bryson resigned because, "the work that [Commerce employees] do to help America’s entrepreneurs and businesses build our economy and create jobs is more important now than ever and I have come to the conclusion that I need to step down to prevent distractions from this critical mission."

John T. Connor

John Thomas "Jack" Connor (November 3, 1914 – October 6, 2000) was an American government official and businessman. He served as the United States Secretary of Commerce from January 18, 1965 to January 31, 1967.

Joshua W. Alexander

Joshua Willis Alexander (January 22, 1852 – February 27, 1936) was United States Secretary of Commerce from December 16, 1919 - March 4, 1921 in the administration of President Woodrow Wilson.

Mickey Kantor

Michael Kantor (born August 7, 1939) is an American politician and lawyer. After serving as the Clinton-Gore campaign chair in 1992, Kantor was appointed United States Trade Representative, holding that office from 1993 to 1996. He was, in 1996 and 1997, United States Secretary of Commerce.

Oscar Straus (politician)

Oscar Solomon Straus (December 23, 1850 – May 3, 1926) was United States Secretary of Commerce and Labor under President Theodore Roosevelt from 1906 to 1909. Straus was the first Jewish United States Cabinet Secretary.

Peter George Peterson

Peter George Peterson (June 5, 1926 – March 20, 2018) was an American investment banker who served as United States Secretary of Commerce from February 29, 1972 to February 1, 1973 under the Richard Nixon administration. Before serving as Secretary of Commerce, Peterson was Chairman and CEO of Bell & Howell from 1963 to 1971. From 1973 to 1984 he was Chairman and CEO of Lehman Brothers. In 1985 he co-founded the private equity firm, The Blackstone Group, and served as Chairman. Peterson was Chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations until retiring in 2007, after being named Chairman Emeritus. In 2008, Peterson was ranked 149th on the "Forbes 400 Richest Americans" with a net worth of $2.8 billion. He was also known as founder and principal funder of The Peter G. Peterson Foundation, which is dedicated to promoting fiscal sustainability.

Robert P. Lamont

Robert Patterson Lamont (December 1, 1867 – February 20, 1948) was United States Secretary of Commerce March 5, 1929 to August 7, 1932 during the administration of Herbert Hoover. He was commerce secretary during difficult times for commerce, as a result of the Great Depression.

Ron Brown (U.S. politician)

Ronald Harmon Brown (August 1, 1941 – April 3, 1996) was an American politician. He served as the United States Secretary of Commerce during the first term of President Bill Clinton. Prior to this he was chairman of the Democratic National Committee (DNC). He was the first African American to hold these positions. He was killed, along with 34 others, in a 1996 plane crash in Croatia.

Roy D. Chapin

Roy Dikeman Chapin, Sr. (February 23, 1880 – February 16, 1936) was an American industrialist and cofounder of Hudson Motor Company, the predecessor of American Motors. He also served as the United States Secretary of Commerce from August 8, 1932, to March 3, 1933, in the last months of the administration of President Herbert Hoover.

Sinclair Weeks

Charles Sinclair Weeks (June 15, 1893 – February 7, 1972), better known as Sinclair Weeks, served as United States Senator from Massachusetts (1944) and as United States Secretary of Commerce from 1953 until 1958, during President Eisenhower's administration.

Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property

The Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property, or USC(IP), is a high-ranking official in the United States Department of Commerce and the principal advisor to the United States Secretary of Commerce on the intellectual property matters. The Under Secretary is dual-hatted as the Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office within the Commerce Department.The Under Secretary is appointed by the President of the United States with the consent of the United States Senate to serve at the pleasure of the President. President Trump nominated Andrei Iancu to fill the position on August 25, 2017. He was confirmed on February 5, 2018, on a 94-0 vote.

United States Department of Commerce and Labor

The United States Department of Commerce and Labor was a short-lived Cabinet department of the United States government, which was concerned with controlling the excesses of big business.

It was created on February 14, 1903, during the administration of President Theodore Roosevelt. Investigations were the province of its Bureau of Corporations. The department was renamed the Department of Commerce on March 4, 1913, and its bureaus and agencies specializing in labor were transferred to the new Department of Labor. In 1915, the Bureau of Corporations was spun off as an independent agency, the Federal Trade Commission

The United States Secretary of Commerce and Labor was the head of the department. The secretary was a member of the President's Cabinet. Corresponding with the division of the department in 1913, the Secretary of Commerce and Labor's position was divided into separate positions of United States Secretary of Commerce and United States Secretary of Labor.

In 2011, in response to federal budget-cutting efforts, Senator Richard Burr (R-NC), sponsored S. 1116, a proposal to re-combine two departments as the "Department of Commerce and the Workforce". To date no action on this proposal has been taken beyond referral to committee.

United States Deputy Secretary of Commerce

The Deputy Secretary of Commerce is a high-ranking position within the U.S. Department of Commerce. It was created on December 13, 1979, when President Jimmy Carter sent a letter to the U.S. Senate and nominated Luther H. Hodges, Jr., who then currently held the title of Under Secretary of Commerce. The deputy secretary serves as the department’s chief operating officer, with responsibility for the day-to-day management of its approximately $6.5 billion budget, 13 operating units, and 38,000 employees. In that capacity, the deputy secretary is also a member of the President’s Management Council.

William F. Whiting

William Fairfield Whiting (July 20, 1864 – August 31, 1936) was United States Secretary of Commerce from August 22, 1928 to March 4, 1929, during the last months of the administration of Calvin Coolidge.

United States Secretaries of Commerce
Secretaries of Commerce and Labor
Secretaries of Commerce
Deputy Secretary of Commerce
Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs
Under Secretary of Commerce for Industry and Security
Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property
Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade
Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere
Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and Technology
Current
Past

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