United States Secretary of Agriculture

The United States Secretary of Agriculture is the head of the United States Department of Agriculture. The current Secretary of Agriculture is former Georgia Governor Sonny Perdue. Perdue took office on April 25, 2017 after being confirmed by the U.S Senate 87-11. The position carries similar responsibilities to those of agriculture ministers in other governments.

The department includes several organizations. The 297,000 mi2 (770,000 km2) of national forests and grasslands are managed by the United States Forest Service.[2] The safety of food produced and sold in the United States is ensured by the United States Food Safety and Inspection Service.[3] The Food Stamp Program works with the states to provide food to low-income people.[4] Advice for farmers and gardeners is provided by the United States Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service.[5]

Secretary of Agriculture of the United States
Seal of the United States Department of Agriculture
Seal of the Department of Agriculture
Flag of the United States Secretary of Agriculture
Flag of the Secretary of Agriculture
Sonny Perdue headshot
Incumbent
Sonny Perdue

since April 25, 2017
United States Department of Agriculture
StyleMr. Secretary
Member ofCabinet
Reports toThe President
SeatWashington, D.C., U.S.
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNo fixed term
Constituting instrument7 U.S.C. § 2202
FormationFebruary 15, 1889
First holderNorman Jay Coleman
SuccessionNinth[1]
DeputyDeputy Secretary of Agriculture
SalaryExecutive Schedule, level 1
Websitewww.usda.gov

List of Secretaries of Agriculture

When the Department of Agriculture was established in 1862, its executive was a non-Cabinet position called the Commissioner of Agriculture. The Commissioners of Agriculture were:[6]

No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took Office Left Office President(s)
1 Isaac Newton Pennsylvania July 1, 1862 June 19, 1867 Abraham Lincoln
  Democratic Andrew Johnson
2 Horace Capron Horace Capron December 4, 1867 July 31, 1871
Ulysses S. Grant
3 Frederick Watts Pennsylvania August 1, 1871 1877
4 William Gates LeDuc July 1, 1877 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
5 George B. Loring - Brady-Handy George B. Loring Massachusetts July 1, 1881 1885 James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
6 NJColman Norman Jay Coleman Missouri April 3, 1885 February 14, 1889 Grover Cleveland

The position of Secretary of Agriculture was created when the department was elevated to Cabinet status in 1889. The following is a list of Secretaries of Agriculture, since the creation of the office in 1889.[7]

Parties

  Democratic (14)   Republican (18)

No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took Office Left Office President(s)
1 NJColman Norman J. Coleman Missouri February 15, 1889 March 6, 1889 Grover Cleveland
2 Jeremiah McLain Rusk - Brady-Handy Jeremiah M. Rusk Wisconsin March 6, 1889 March 6, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
3 J. Sterling Morton, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing left J. Sterling Morton Nebraska March 7, 1893 March 5, 1897 Grover Cleveland
4 James Wilson(U.S. politician)-seated James Wilson Iowa March 5, 1897 March 3, 1913 William McKinley
Theodore Roosevelt
William Howard Taft
Woodrow Wilson
5 DFHouston David F. Houston Missouri March 6, 1913 February 2, 1920
6 E.T. Meredith, ggbain.16011u Edwin T. Meredith Iowa February 2, 1920 March 4, 1921
7 Henry Cantwell Wallace Henry C. Wallace Iowa March 5, 1921 October 25, 1924 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
8 Howard Mason Gore Howard M. Gore West Virginia November 22, 1924 March 4, 1925
9 W.M. Jardine William M. Jardine Kansas March 5, 1925 March 4, 1929
10 Arthur M. Hyde Arthur M. Hyde Missouri March 6, 1929 March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
11 Henry-A.-Wallace-Townsend.jpeg Henry A. Wallace Iowa March 4, 1933 September 4, 1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt
12 CRW2 Claude R. Wickard Indiana September 5, 1940 June 29, 1945
Harry S. Truman
13 Clinton P. Anderson, 13th Secretary of Agriculture, June 1945 - May 1948. - Flickr - USDAgov Clinton P. Anderson New Mexico June 30, 1945 May 10, 1948
14 Charles F. Brannan Charles F. Brannan Colorado June 2, 1948 January 20, 1953
15 Ezra Taft Benson - USDA portrait Ezra Taft Benson Utah January 21, 1953 January 20, 1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower
16 Orville L. Freeman, Secretary of Agriculture (1961-1969) Orville Freeman Minnesota January 21, 1961 January 20, 1969 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
17 Clifford Morris Hardin - USDA portrait Clifford M. Hardin Nebraska January 21, 1969 November 17, 1971 Richard Nixon
18 Earl Lauer Butz - USDA portrait Earl Butz Indiana December 2, 1971 October 4, 1976
Gerald Ford
19 John Albert Knebel - USDA portrait John A. Knebel Oklahoma November 4, 1976 January 20, 1977
20 Robert Bergland - USDA portrait Robert Bergland Minnesota January 23, 1977 January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter
21 John Block John R. Block Illinois January 23, 1981 February 14, 1986 Ronald Reagan
22 Richard E. Lyng, 22nd Secretary of Agriculture, March 1986 - January 1989. - Flickr - USDAgov Richard E. Lyng California March 7, 1986 January 21, 1989
23 Clayton Yeutter (cropped) Clayton K. Yeutter Nebraska February 16, 1989 March 1, 1991 George H. W. Bush
24 Edward R. Madigan (cropped) Edward R. Madigan Illinois March 8, 1991 January 20, 1993
25 Mike Espy (cropped) Mike Espy Mississippi January 22, 1993 December 31, 1994 Bill Clinton
Richard Rominger
Acting
California December 31, 1994 March 30, 1995
26 Dan glickman Dan Glickman Kansas March 30, 1995 January 20, 2001
27 Ann Veneman (cropped) Ann Veneman California January 20, 2001 January 20, 2005 George W. Bush
28 Mike Johanns Mike Johanns Nebraska January 21, 2005 September 20, 2007
Charles F. Conner, official USDA photo portrait Charles F. Conner
Acting
Indiana September 20, 2007 January 28, 2008
29 SchaferEd-official (cropped) Ed Schafer North Dakota January 28, 2008 January 20, 2009
30 Tom Vilsack, official USDA portrait (cropped) Tom Vilsack Iowa January 20, 2009 January 13, 2017 Barack Obama
Michael T. Scuse official portrait (cropped) Michael Scuse
Acting
Delaware January 13, 2017 January 20, 2017
Michael Young 20170216-DM-RBN-7992 (32557392300) Mike Young
Acting
January 20, 2017 April 25, 2017 Donald Trump
31 Sonny Perdue headshot Sonny Perdue Georgia April 25, 2017 Incumbent

Living former Secretaries of Agriculture

As of November 2018, there are nine living former Secretaries of Agriculture (with all Secretaries that have served since 1993 still living), the oldest being Robert Bergland (served 1977–1981, born 1928). The most recent Secretary of Agriculture to die was Clayton Yeutter (served 1989–1991, born 1930), on March 4, 2017. The most recently serving Secretary to die was Edward Rell Madigan (1991-1993, born 1936) on December 7, 1994.

Name Term Birth date (and age)
John A. Knebel 1976–1977 October 4, 1936 (age 82)
Robert Bergland 1977–1981 July 22, 1928 (age 90)
John R. Block 1981–1986 February 15, 1935 (age 83)
Mike Espy 1993–1994 November 30, 1953 (age 64)
Dan Glickman 1995–2001 November 24, 1944 (age 73)
Ann Veneman 2001–2005 June 29, 1949 (age 69)
Mike Johanns 2005–2007 June 18, 1950 (age 68)
Ed Schafer 2008–2009 August 8, 1946 (age 72)
Tom Vilsack 2009-2017 December 13, 1950 (age 67)

Line of Succession

The line of succession for the Secretary of Agriculture is as follows:[8]

  1. Deputy Secretary of Agriculture
  2. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Farm and Foreign Agriculture Services
  3. Assistant Secretary of Agriculture for Administration
  4. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services
  5. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Research, Education, and Economics
  6. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Food Safety
  7. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Natural Resources and Environment
  8. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Rural Development
  9. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Marketing and Regulatory Programs
  10. General Counsel of the Department of Agriculture
  11. Chief of Staff, Office of the Secretary
  12. State Executive Directors of the Farm Service Agency (in order of seniority by length of unbroken tenure) for the States of:
    1. California
    2. Iowa
    3. Kansas
  13. Regional Administrators of the Food and Nutrition Service (in order of seniority by length of unbroken tenure) for the:
    1. Mountain Plains Regional Office (Denver, Colorado)
    2. Midwest Regional Office (Chicago, Illinois)
    3. Western Regional Office (San Francisco, California)
  14. Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Agriculture
  15. Assistant Secretary of Agriculture for Civil Rights
  16. Assistant Secretary of Agriculture for Congressional Relations

References

  1. ^ "3 U.S. Code § 19 - Vacancy in offices of both President and Vice President; officers eligible to act". LII / Legal Information Institute.
  2. ^ "USDA Forest Service - Caring for the land and serving people". Fs.fed.us. Retrieved September 24, 2005.
  3. ^ "Home". Fs.fed.us. Retrieved September 24, 2005.
  4. ^ "FNS Food Stamp Program Home Page". Fns.usda.gov. Retrieved September 24, 2005.
  5. ^ "Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES)". Csrees.usda.gov. Retrieved September 24, 2005.
  6. ^ Baker, Gladys L.; Rasmussen, Wayne D.; Wiser, Vivian; Porter, Jane M. (1963). "Century of Service: The First 100 Years of the United States Department of Agriculture". U.S. Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
  7. ^ "Former Secretaries". U.S. Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
  8. ^ "Amendments to Delegations of Authority, United States Department of Agriculture". Federalregister.gov. Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved October 29, 2016.

External links

Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Ryan Zinke
as Secretary of the Interior
Order of Precedence of the United States
as Secretary of the Treasury
Succeeded by
Wilbur Ross
as Secretary of Commerce
Current U.S. presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Secretary of the Interior
Ryan Zinke
9th in line Succeeded by
Secretary of Commerce
Wilbur Ross

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.