United States Reports

The United States Reports are the official record (law reports) of the rulings, orders, case tables (list of every case decided), in alphabetical order both by the name of the petitioner (the losing party in lower courts) and by the name of the respondent (the prevailing party below), and other proceedings of the Supreme Court of the United States. United States Reports, once printed and bound, are the final version of court opinions and cannot be changed. Opinions of the court in each case are prepended with a headnote prepared by the Reporter of Decisions, and any concurring or dissenting opinions are published sequentially. The Court's Publication Office oversees the binding and publication of the volumes of United States Reports, although the actual printing, binding, and publication are performed by private firms under contract with the United States Government Publishing Office.

Unitedstatesreports
Volumes of the United States Reports on the shelf at a law library

Citation

For lawyers, citations to United States Reports are the standard reference for Supreme Court decisions. Following The Bluebook, a commonly accepted citation protocol, the case Brown, et al., v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, for example, would be cited as:

Brown v. Bd. of Educ., 347 U.S. 483 (1954).

This citation indicates that the decision of the Court in the case entitled Brown v. Board of Education, as abbreviated in Bluebook style, was decided in 1954 and can be found in volume 347 of the United States Reports starting on page 483.

History

The early volumes of the United States Reports were originally published privately by the individual Supreme Court Reporters. As was the practice in England, the reports were designated by the names of the reporters who compiled them: Dallas's Reports, Cranch's Reports, etc.

The decisions appearing in the entire first volume and most of the second volume of United States Reports are not decisions of the United States Supreme Court. Instead, they are decisions from various Pennsylvania courts, dating from the colonial period and the first decade after Independence. Alexander Dallas, a lawyer and journalist, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, had been in the business of reporting these cases for newspapers and periodicals. He subsequently began compiling his case reports in a bound volume, which he called Reports of cases ruled and adjudged in the courts of Pennsylvania, before and since the Revolution.[1] This would come to be known as the first volume of Dallas Reports.

When the United States Supreme Court, along with the rest of the new Federal Government moved, in 1791, from New York City to the nation's temporary capital in Philadelphia, Dallas was appointed the Supreme Court's first unofficial, and unpaid, Supreme Court Reporter. (Court reporters in that age received no salary, but were expected to profit from the publication and sale of their compiled decisions.) Dallas continued to collect and publish Pennsylvania decisions in a second volume of his Reports. When the Supreme Court began hearing cases, he added those cases to his reports, starting towards the end of the second volume, 2 Dallas Reports, with West v. Barnes (1791). Dallas went on to publish a total of four volumes of decisions during his tenure as Reporter.

When the Supreme Court moved to Washington, D.C. in 1800, Dallas remained in Philadelphia, and William Cranch took over as unofficial reporter of decisions. In 1817, Congress made the Reporter of Decisions an official, salaried position,[2] although the publication of the Reports remained a private enterprise for the reporter's personal gain. The reports themselves were the subject of an early copyright case, Wheaton v. Peters, in which former reporter Henry Wheaton sued then current reporter Richard Peters for reprinting cases from Wheaton's Reports in abridged form.

In 1874, the U.S. government began to fund the reports' publication (18 Stat. 204), creating the United States Reports. The earlier, private reports were retroactively numbered volumes 1–90 of the United States Reports, starting from the first volume of Dallas Reports.[3] Therefore, decisions appearing in these early reports have dual citation forms: one for the volume number of the United States Reports; and one for the set of nominate reports. For example, the complete citation to McCulloch v. Maryland is 17 U.S. (4 Wheat.) 316 (1819).

See also

References

  1. ^ Cohen, Morris and O'Connor, Sharon H. A Guide to the Early Reports of the Supreme Court of the United States, (Fred B. Rothman & Co, Littleton Colorado, 1995)
  2. ^ Act of Mar. 3, 1817, ch. 63, 3 Stat. 376.
  3. ^ Hall, Kermit, ed. Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (Oxford 1992), p 215, 727

External links

Lawyers' Edition

The United States Supreme Court Reports, Lawyers' Edition, or Lawyers' Edition (L. Ed. and L. Ed. 2d in case citations) is an unofficial reporter of Supreme Court of the United States opinions. The Lawyers' Edition was established by the Lawyers Cooperative Publishing Company of Rochester, New York in 1882, and features coverage of Supreme Court decisions going back to 1790. The first Lawyers' Edition series corresponds to the official United States Reports from volume 1 to volume 351, whereas the second series contains cases starting from the official reporter volume 352.The Lawyers' Edition differs from the official reporter in that the editors write headnotes and case summaries, as well as provide annotations to some cases, and decisions are published far in advance of the official reporter. As such, it is similar to West's unofficial Supreme Court Reporter (S. Ct.). Lawyers' Edition case reports differ from Supreme Court Reporter case reports in three respects. First, coverage in Supreme Court Reporter does not begin until Johnson v. Waters, 108 U.S. 4 (1882), while Lawyers' Edition covers opinions back to the first volume of United States Reports. Second, while both reporters contain headnotes written by the reporters' editors, the Lawyers' Edition headnotes are not keyed to the West American Digest System's topic and key number system. Third, Lawyers' Edition historically included analytical articles, referred to as "annotations", similar to those contained in American Law Reports.

LexisNexis, by way of Reed Elsevier, acquired the rights to the Lawyers' Edition, along with a number of other law publications and related assets, from The Thomson Corporation in January 1997. Thomson, in acquiring West Publishing, was required to divest itself of a large number of titles through a consent decree by the United States Department of Justice.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 3

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court and other cases from volume 3 of the United States Reports. Note that Dallas's reports (United States Reports volumes 1-4) covered both federal and state courts of all levels in Philadelphia.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 4

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court and other cases from volume 4 of the United States Reports. Note that Dallas's reports (United States Reports volumes 1-4) covered both federal and state courts of all levels in Philadelphia.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 548

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 548 of the United States Reports:

Dixon v. United States, 548 U.S. 1 (2006)

Fernandez-Vargas v. Gonzales, 548 U.S. 30 (2006)

Burlington N. & S. F. R. Co. v. White, 548 U.S. 53 (2006)

Woodford v. Ngo, 548 U.S. 81 (2006)

Laboratory Corp. of America Holdings v. Metabolite Laboratories, Inc., 548 U.S. 124 (2006) (per curiam)

United States v. Gonzalez-Lopez, 548 U.S. 140 (2006)

Kansas v. Marsh, 548 U.S. 163 (2006)

Washington v. Recuenco, 548 U.S. 212 (2006)

Randall v. Sorrell, 548 U.S. 230 (2006)

Arlington Central School Dist. Bd. of Ed. v. Murphy, 548 U.S. 291 (2006)

Sanchez-Llamas v. Oregon, 548 U.S. 331 (2006)

League of United Latin American Citizens v. Perry, 548 U.S. 399 (2006)

Beard v. Banks, 548 U.S. 521 (2006)

Hamdan v. Rumsfeld, 548 U.S. 557 (2006)

Clark v. Arizona, 548 U.S. 735 (2006)

Mt.Soledad Nat. War Memorial v. Paulson, 548 U.S. 1301 (2006)

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 569

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 569 of the United States Reports:

Note: As of February 2019, final bound volumes for the U.S. Supreme Court's United States Reports have been published through volume 569. Newer cases from subsequent future volumes do not yet have official page numbers and typically use three underscores in place of the page number; e.g., Salman v. United States, 580 U.S. ___ (2016). In those cases, the docket number—usually two digits, a dash, and the 1-to-4 digit case number—is used instead; e.g. Salman v. United States, 15-628. If a case citation in a volume after 569 is shown with a page number, the page number is based on unofficial reporting and is subject to change when the decision is bound and printed.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 570

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 570 of the United States Reports:

Note: As of February 2019, final bound volumes for the U.S. Supreme Court's United States Reports have been published through volume 569. Newer cases from subsequent future volumes do not yet have official page numbers and typically use three underscores in place of the page number; e.g., Salman v. United States, 580 U.S. ___ (2016). In those cases, the docket number—usually two digits, a dash, and the 1-to-4 digit case number—is used instead; e.g. Salman v. United States, 15-628. If a case citation in a volume after 569 is shown with a page number, the page number is based on unofficial reporting and is subject to change when the decision is bound and printed.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 572

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 572 of the United States Reports:

Note: As of February 2019, final bound volumes for the U.S. Supreme Court's United States Reports have been published through volume 569. Newer cases from subsequent future volumes do not yet have official page numbers and typically use three underscores in place of the page number; e.g., Salman v. United States, 580 U.S. ___ (2016). In those cases, the docket number—usually two digits, a dash, and the 1-to-4 digit case number—is used instead; e.g. Salman v. United States, 15-628. If a case citation in a volume after 569 is shown with a page number, the page number is based on unofficial reporting and is subject to change when the decision is bound and printed.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 573

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 573 of the United States Reports:

Note: As of February 2019, final bound volumes for the U.S. Supreme Court's United States Reports have been published through volume 569. Newer cases from subsequent future volumes do not yet have official page numbers and typically use three underscores in place of the page number; e.g., Salman v. United States, 580 U.S. ___ (2016). In those cases, the docket number—usually two digits, a dash, and the 1-to-4 digit case number—is used instead; e.g. Salman v. United States, 15-628. If a case citation in a volume after 569 is shown with a page number, the page number is based on unofficial reporting and is subject to change when the decision is bound and printed.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 575

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 575 of the United States Reports:

Note: As of February 2019, final bound volumes for the U.S. Supreme Court's United States Reports have been published through volume 569. Newer cases from subsequent future volumes do not yet have official page numbers and typically use three underscores in place of the page number; e.g., Salman v. United States, 580 U.S. ___ (2016). In those cases, the docket number—usually two digits, a dash, and the 1-to-4 digit case number—is used instead; e.g. Salman v. United States, 15-628. If a case citation in a volume after 569 is shown with a page number, the page number is based on unofficial reporting and is subject to change when the decision is bound and printed.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 577

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 577 of the United States Reports:

Note: As of February 2019, final bound volumes for the U.S. Supreme Court's United States Reports have been published through volume 569. Newer cases from subsequent future volumes do not yet have official page numbers and typically use three underscores in place of the page number; e.g., Salman v. United States, 580 U.S. ___ (2016). In those cases, the docket number—usually two digits, a dash, and the 1-to-4 digit case number—is used instead; e.g. Salman v. United States, 15-628. If a case citation in a volume after 569 is shown with a page number, the page number is based on unofficial reporting and is subject to change when the decision is bound and printed.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 580

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 580 of the United States Reports:

Note: As of February 2019, final bound volumes for the U.S. Supreme Court's United States Reports have been published through volume 569. Newer cases from subsequent future volumes do not yet have official page numbers and typically use three underscores in place of the page number; e.g., Salman v. United States, 580 U.S. ___ (2016). In those cases, the docket number—usually two digits, a dash, and the 1-to-4 digit case number—is used instead; e.g. Salman v. United States, 15-628. If a case citation in a volume after 569 is shown with a page number, the page number is based on unofficial reporting and is subject to change when the decision is bound and printed.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 581

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 581 of the United States Reports:

Note: As of February 2019, final bound volumes for the U.S. Supreme Court's United States Reports have been published through volume 569. Newer cases from subsequent future volumes do not yet have official page numbers and typically use three underscores in place of the page number; e.g., Salman v. United States, 580 U.S. ___ (2016). In those cases, the docket number—usually two digits, a dash, and the 1-to-4 digit case number—is used instead; e.g. Salman v. United States, 15-628. If a case citation in a volume after 569 is shown with a page number, the page number is based on unofficial reporting and is subject to change when the decision is bound and printed.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 584

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 584 of the United States Reports:

Note: As of February 2019, final bound volumes for the U.S. Supreme Court's United States Reports have been published through volume 569. Newer cases from subsequent future volumes do not yet have official page numbers and typically use three underscores in place of the page number; e.g., Salman v. United States, 580 U.S. ___ (2016). In those cases, the docket number—usually two digits, a dash, and the 1-to-4 digit case number—is used instead; e.g. Salman v. United States, 15-628. If a case citation in a volume after 569 is shown with a page number, the page number is based on unofficial reporting and is subject to change when the decision is bound and printed.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 585

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 585 of the United States Reports:

Note: As of February 2019, final bound volumes for the U.S. Supreme Court's United States Reports have been published through volume 569. Newer cases from subsequent future volumes do not yet have official page numbers and typically use three underscores in place of the page number; e.g., Salman v. United States, 580 U.S. ___ (2016). In those cases, the docket number—usually two digits, a dash, and the 1-to-4 digit case number—is used instead; e.g. Salman v. United States, 15-628. If a case citation in a volume after 569 is shown with a page number, the page number is based on unofficial reporting and is subject to change when the decision is bound and printed.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 586

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 586 of the United States Reports:

Note: As of February 2019, final bound volumes for the U.S. Supreme Court's United States Reports have been published through volume 569. Newer cases from subsequent future volumes do not yet have official page numbers and typically use three underscores in place of the page number; e.g., Salman v. United States, 580 U.S. ___ (2016). In those cases, the docket number—usually two digits, a dash, and the 1-to-4 digit case number—is used instead; e.g. Salman v. United States, 15-628. If a case citation in a volume after 569 is shown with a page number, the page number is based on unofficial reporting and is subject to change when the decision is bound and printed.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 91

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 91 of the United States Reports. This was the first official volume of the United States Reports that was funded by Congress, replacing the earlier nominative reporters.

Reporter of Decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States

The Reporter of Decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States is the official charged with editing and publishing the opinions of the Supreme Court of the United States, both when announced and when they are published in permanent bound volumes of the United States Reports. The Reporter of Decisions is responsible for only the contents of the United States Reports issued by the Government Printing Office, first in preliminary prints and later in the final bound volumes. The Reporter is not responsible for the editorial content of unofficial reports of the Court's decisions, such as the privately published Supreme Court Reporter or Lawyers' Edition.

The first two reporters acted in an unofficial capacity. Only in 1816, after the Supreme Court had existed for a quarter-century, did Congress create an official post of reporter. It then added a $1,000 a year salary in the Judiciary Act of 1817. The reporter also profited from selling the printed volumes of the reports of decisions. In 1874, Congress for the first time appropriated funds to publish the volumes of the court's opinions; from that time the report was known as the United States Reports and numbering began as if the first volume by the first reporter, Alexander J. Dallas, was number one. The Government Printing Office took over publication of the United States Reports in 1922.

The official title of this officer was changed from "Reporter" to "Reporter of Decisions" in 1953, to clarify the duties of the office at the request of Reporter Walter Wyatt with the authorization of Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson.

United States Reports, volume 1

This is a list of all the cases from volume 1 of the United States Reports. None of the decisions appearing in the first volume and only a few in the second volume of United States Reports are actually decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States. Instead, they are decisions from various Pennsylvania courts dating from the colonial period and the first decade after independence. Alexander J. Dallas, a Philadelphia lawyer and journalist, had been in the business of reporting these cases for newspapers and periodicals. He subsequently began compiling his case reports in a bound volume, which he called Reports of cases ruled and adjudged in the courts of Pennsylvania, before and since the Revolution. This would come to be known as the first volume of Dallas Reports.

When the Supreme Court along with the rest of the new federal government moved in 1791 to the nation's temporary capital in Philadelphia, Dallas was appointed the Supreme Court's first unofficial and unpaid Supreme Court Reporter. (Court reporters in that age received no salary, but were expected to profit from the publication and sale of their compiled decisions.) Dallas continued to collect and publish Pennsylvania decisions in a second volume of his Reports, and when the Supreme Court began hearing cases, he added those cases to his reports, starting towards the end of the second volume, 2 Dallas Reports. Dallas would go on to publish a total of four volumes of decisions during his tenure as Reporter.

In 1874, the U.S. government created the United States Reports, and numbered the volumes previously published privately as part of that series, starting from the first volume of Dallas Reports. The four volumes Dallas published were retitled volumes 1-4 of United States Reports. As a result, decisions appearing in these early reports have dual citation forms; one for the volume number of the United States Reports, and one for the set of reports named for the reporter (called nominative reports). For example, the complete citation to Lessee of Hyam v. Edwards is 1 U.S. 1 (1 Dall. 1) (1760).

The Court
Current members
Retired Justices
History
Lists of justices
and nominees
Statutes affecting
Court size
Court functionaries
Lists of law clerks
Former locations
Related

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.