United States Military Government of the Ryukyu Islands

The United States Military Government of the Ryukyu Islands (琉球列島米国軍政府 Ryūkyū-rettō Beikoku Gunseifu), or "USMGR", was the government in Okinawa, Japan from 1945 to 1950, whereupon it was replaced by the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands (USCAR).[1]

United States Military Administration of the Ryukyu Islands

琉球列島米国軍政府
(Ryūkyū-rettō Beikoku Gunseifu)
Coat of arms of Ryukyu Islands
Coat of arms
Location of the Ryukyu Islands (shaded red) in the East China Sea.
Location of the Ryukyu Islands (shaded red)
in the East China Sea.
StatusMilitary occupation
CapitalNaha
Common languagesJapanese
Ryukyuan
English
GovernmentMilitary occupation
U.S. President 
• 1945
Franklin D. Roosevelt (first)
• 1945–1950
Harry S. Truman (last)
Governor 
• 1945
LTG Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr. (first)
• 1950
MG Robert S. Beightler (last)
Historical eraCold War
April 1 – June 21 1945
• Founding of USCAoR
December 15 1950
CurrencyA Yen (to July 1948)
B yen (July 1948–Sep 1958)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Empire of Japan
United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands

Government system

The government was headed by the military governor (軍政長官 Gunsei Chōkan) and his second-in-command, the Chief Military Government Officer (軍政府長官 Gunsei-fu Chōkan). They were assisted by the Deputy Commander of the Military Government (軍政府副長官 Gunsei-fu Fuku-chōkan).[2]

Governors

See also

References

  1. ^ "Records of U.S. Occupation Headquarters, World War II". National Archives. U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. 1995. Retrieved September 9, 2016. 260.12 Records of the U.S. Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands (USCAR) 1945-72
  2. ^ ja:琉球列島米国軍政府
Chinaha Castle

Chinaha Castle (伊敷索城, Chinaha jō), also known as Ishikinawa Castle, is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Kumejima, Okinawa, on Kume Island. It was built on a cliff to control the Shirase River.

Chinen Castle

Chinen Castle (知念城, Chinen jō) is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Nanjō, Okinawa. It is the second oldest castle in the Ryukyu Islands.

Gushikawa Castle (Itoman)

Gushikawa Castle (具志川城, Gushikawa jō, Okinawan: Gushichan Gushiku) is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Itoman, Okinawa.

Gushikawa Castle (Kume)

Gushikawa Castle (具志川城, Gushikawa jō, Okinawan: Gushichan Gushiku) is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Kumejima, Okinawa, on Kume Island. It was built in the 15th century. The Miifugaa rock formation can be seen from the castle.

Itokazu Castle

Itokazu Castle (糸数城, Itokazu jō) is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Nanjō, Okinawa. It was built with Ryūkyūan limestone in the mid-14th century. It is now in ruins.

Kakinohana Castle

Kakinohana Castle (垣花城, Kakinohana jō) is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Nanjō, Okinawa.

Kyan Castle

Kyan Castle (喜屋武城, Kyan jō) is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Uruma, Okinawa. It was controlled by the Ōgawa Aji of Agena Castle until it was destroyed by the Ryukyu Kingdom.

List of U.S. governors of the Ryukyu Islands

This article lists the U.S. governors of the Ryukyu Islands, which represented the United States in the Ryukyu Islands (Japanese: 琉球諸島, Hepburn: Ryūkyū-shotō, Okinawan: 琉球/ルーチュー Ruuchuu), an archipelago of Japanese islands within Kagoshima and Okinawa prefectures, centered on the Okinawa Islands and its main island, Okinawa (the smallest and least populated of the five Japanese home islands). The list encompasses the period of U.S. occupation, from the start of the Battle of Okinawa in 1945 until the return of the islands to Japanese sovereignty in 1972, in accordance with the 1971 Okinawa Reversion Agreement.

Nanzan Castle

Nanzan Castle (南山城, Nanzan jō, Okinawan: Nanzan Gushiku), officially Shimajiri-Ōzato Castle (島尻大里城, Shimajiri-Ōzato jō, Okinawan: Shimajiri-Ufuzatu Gushiku), is a Ryūkyūan gusuku and was the largest in, and capital of, Nanzan until 1429. It is in ruins, and is located in Itoman.

Sashiki Castle

Sashiki Castle (佐敷城, Sashiki jō, Okinawan: Sashichi Gushiku) is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Nanjō, Okinawa. It was built by Shō Shishō and served as the home of the Aji of Sashiki Magiri. During the Taishō era, a Shinto shrine was built over the remains of the main hall. Unlike most gusuku, which are known for high stone walls, the remains of such walls have not been found at Sashiki Castle by archaeologists.

Suhara Castle

Suhara Castle (塩原城, Suhara jō) is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Kumejima, Okinawa, on Kume Island. It was built on a hill overlooking Eef beach.

Tamagusuku Castle

Tamagusuku Castle (玉城城, Tamagusuku jō) is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Nanjō, Okinawa. It is the oldest castle on Okinawa; Chūzan Seikan says it was built by Amamikyu, the creation goddess of the Ryukyuan religion. It was the home of the Aji of Tamagusuku Magiri.

Tunnaha Castle

Tunnaha Castle (登武那覇城, Tunnaha jō) is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Kumejima, Okinawa, on Kume Island. It is located in Tunnaha Forest Park.

Uegusuku Castle (Kume)

Uegusuku Castle (宇江城城, Uegusuku jō) is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Kumejima, Okinawa, on Kume Island. It was the home to the Aji of Kume Magiri before the 16th century. It is now a ruined castle.

Uegusuku Castle (Tomigusuku)

Uegusuku Castle (宇江城, Uegusuku jō) is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Tomigusuku, Okinawa. The castle is in ruins.

United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands

The United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands (琉球列島米国民政府, Ryūkyū-rettō Beikoku Minseifu), or "USCAR", was the government in Okinawa, Japan, after World War II from 1950 until 1972.

Yamada Castle

Yamada Castle (山田城, Yamada jō) was a Ryukyuan gusuku during the Gusuku Period of Ryukyuan history. It is famous for being the birthplace of the Ryukyuan general Gosamaru. Gosamaru led the army of the castle's magiri against Nakijin Castle in 1416, helping the King of Chūzan to conquer Hokuzan. In return for his loyalty, Gosamaru was given land in Yomitanzan and allowed to build a new gusuku. He used materials from Yamada Castle to build Zakimi Castle in 1420. The ruins of Yamada Castle are in present-day Onna, Okinawa, in the Yamada district.

Zakimi Castle

Zakimi Castle (座喜味城, Zakimi jō) is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Yomitan, Okinawa. It is in ruins, but the walls and foundations have been restored.

Ōzato Castle

Ōzato Castle (大里城, Ōzato jō, Okinawan: Ufuzatu Gushiku), officially Shimasoe-Ōzato Castle (島添大里城, Shimasoe-Ōzato jō, Okinawan: Shimashii-Ufuzatu Gushiku), is a Ryukyuan gusuku built in Nanzan and used until 1429. It, and the village of Ōzato, are named after the Ōzato Dynasty of Nanzan. It is in ruins, and is an officially designated historical site in Nanjō City, Okinawa.

Languages

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