United States District Court for the District of Hawaii

The United States District Court for the District of Hawaii (in case citations, D. Haw.) is the principal trial court of the United States Federal Court System in the state of Hawaii. The court's territorial jurisdiction encompasses the state of Hawaii and the territories of Midway Atoll, Wake Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Palmyra Atoll, Baker Island, Howland Island, and Jarvis Island.[1][2] It is located at the Prince Kuhio Federal Building in downtown Honolulu, fronting the Aloha Tower and Honolulu Harbor. The court hears both civil and criminal cases as a court of law and equity. A branch of the district court is the United States Bankruptcy Court which also has chambers in the federal building. The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit has appellate jurisdiction over cases coming out of the District of Hawaii (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit). The United States Attorney for the District of Hawaii represents the United States in all civil and criminal cases within her district. The current United States Attorney is Kenji M. Price since January 5, 2018.

Coordinates: 21°18′15″N 157°51′44″W / 21.304175°N 157.862334°W

United States District Court for the District of Hawaii
(D. Haw.)
Hawaii Locator Map
LocationPrince Kuhio Federal Building
Appeals toNinth Circuit
EstablishedAugust 21, 1959
Judges4
Chief JudgeJohn Michael Seabright
Officers of the court
U.S. AttorneyKenji M. Price
U.S. MarshalCharles L. Goodwin
www.hid.uscourts.gov

History

When the Territory of Hawaii was formed in 1900, jurisdiction was placed in the Ninth Circuit. On March 18, 1959, when the District of Hawaii was formed, the district had two judgeships for the court. On July 10, 1984, a third judgeship was added, and a fourth was added on December 1, 1990.[3]

Current judges

As of August 3, 2018:

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
11 Chief Judge John Michael Seabright Honolulu 1959 2005–present 2015–present G.W. Bush
12 District Judge Leslie E. Kobayashi Honolulu 1957 2010–present Obama
13 District Judge Derrick Watson Honolulu 1966 2013–present Obama
14 District Judge Jill Otake Honolulu 1973 2018–present Trump
7 Senior Judge Alan Cooke Kay Honolulu 1932 1986–2000 1991–1999 2000–present Reagan
8 Senior Judge David Alan Ezra San Antonio, Texas[Note 1] 1947 1988–2012 1999–2005 2012–present Reagan
9 Senior Judge Helen W. Gillmor Honolulu 1942 1994–2009 2005–2009 2009–present Clinton
10 Senior Judge Susan Oki Mollway Honolulu 1950 1998–2015 2009–2015 2015–present Clinton
  1. ^ Judge Ezra has sat with the Western District of Texas since taking senior status.

Former judges

# Judge State Born–died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
termination
1 Cyrus Nils Tavares HI 1902–1976 1960–1972[Note 1] 1960–1961 1972–1976 Eisenhower death
2 Martin Pence HI 1904–2000 1961–1974 1961–1974 1974–2000 Kennedy retirement
3 Samuel Pailthorpe King HI 1916–2010 1972–1984 1974–1984 1984–2010 Nixon death
4 Dick Yin Wong HI 1920–1978 1975–1978 Ford death
5 Walter Meheula Heen HI 1928–present 1981[Note 2] Carter nomination withdrawn
6 Harold Michael Fong HI 1938–1995 1982–1995 1984–1991 Reagan death
  1. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 10, 1961, confirmed by the United States Senate on September 21, 1961, and received commission on September 22, 1961.
  2. ^ Recess appointment made by President Carter; President Reagan later withdrew the nomination before the Senate could act.

Chief judges

Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.

When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.

Succession of seats

Seat 1
Seat established on August 21, 1959 by 73 Stat. 4
Tavares 1961–1972
King 1972–1984
Ezra 1988–2012
Watson 2013–present
Seat 2
Seat established on August 21, 1959 by 73 Stat. 4
Pence 1961–1974
Wong 1975–1978
Heen 1981–1981
Fong 1982–1995
Mollway 1998–2015
Otake 2018–present
Seat 3
Seat established on July 10, 1984 by 98 Stat. 333
Kay 1986–2000
Seabright 2005–present
Seat 4
Seat established on December 1, 1990 by 104 Stat. 5089 (temporary)
Gillmor 1994–2009
Kobayashi 2010–present

Judges of the former United States District Court for the District of Hawaii

Prior to 1959, the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii was an Article IV tribunal in the Territory of Hawaii. The following is a partial list of Judges for that court.

# Judge State Born–died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
termination
1 Morris M. Estee HI 1833–1903 1900–1903[4] McKinley death
2 Sanford B. Dole HI 1844–1926 1903–1915[5] T. Roosevelt retirement
3 Clarence W. Ashford HI 1857–1921 1914–1921[6] Wilson death
4 Horace Worth Vaughan HI 1867–1922 1916–1922[7] Wilson death
5 Joseph Boyd Poindexter HI 1869–1951 1917–1924 Wilson retirement
6 William Barker Lyman HI 1882–1939 1926–1934[8] Coolidge retirement
7 Seba Cormany Huber HI 1871–1944 1934–1940[9] F. Roosevelt retirement

"Recorder of Deeds" for the Territory of Palmyra Island

Since 1962, the court's clerk has filed or recorded the deeds and other land title documents for land located in the federal Territory of Palmyra Island, under 48 U.S.C. § 644a, Executive Order No. 10967[10] and Order No. 2862 of the Secretary of the Interior.[11]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ 28 U.S.C. § 91.
  2. ^ 48 U.S.C. § 644a.
  3. ^ "History of the Federal Judiciary: U.S. District Court for the District of Hawaii". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
  4. ^ Oscar Tully Shuck (1901). History of the bench and bar of California: being biographies of many remarkable men, a store of humorous and pathetic recollections, accounts of important legislation and extraordinary cases, comprehending the judicial history of the state. The Commercial printing house. pp. 827–828.
  5. ^ "Dole, Sanford Ballard office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Archived from the original on March 6, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
  6. ^ "Clarence W. Ashford obit July 1921". Honolulu Advertiser at Newspapers.com. July 3, 1921. Retrieved October 12, 2018.Free to read
  7. ^ Ben R. Guttery (March 2, 2008). Representing Texas. p. 153. ISBN 978-1-4196-7884-4.
  8. ^ "Judge William Barker Lymer, Honolulu Star Bulletin, Friday, April 14, 1939, Page 1, Col 8. Honolulu Advertiser Friday, April 14, 1939, Page 1".
  9. ^ "Judge William Barker Lymer, Honolulu Advertiser Friday, April 14, 1939, Page 1". "Delbert E. Metzger, Hawai'i's Liberal Judge by H. Brett Melendy, page 53" (PDF). "HUBER, SEBA CORMANY, Index to the Honolulu Advertiser & Star Bulletin 1929–1969, 1871–1944 Honorary LLD conferred on judge by Lebanon Valley College, Pa S 6/8/36 p1, Dies at home S 8/16/44 p1".|
  10. ^ Executive Order No. 10967, Palmyra Island Administration, October 10, 1961, 26 F.R. 9667.
  11. ^ Secretary of the Interior Order No. 2862, Palmyra Island Land Recordation, March 19, 1962, F. R. Doc. 62-2736.

External links

Alan Cooke Kay

Alan Cooke Kay (born July 5, 1932) is a Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii.

Clare E. Connors

Clare Elizabeth Connors (born May 1974) is an American attorney who is the 16th and current Attorney General of Hawaii. She was also a former nominee for United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii.

Cyrus Nils Tavares

Cyrus Nils Tavares (April 12, 1902 – August 3, 1976) was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii.

David Alan Ezra

David Alan Ezra (born 1947) is a Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii. Since January, 2013, Ezra has been designated by the Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court to the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas, San Antonio Division, to help ease the heavy workload for the federal judges in Texas.

Derrick Watson

Derrick Kahala Watson (born September 9, 1966) is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii.

A native of Hawaii, he graduated from Harvard College and Harvard Law School before entering private practice in San Francisco. He served as a federal prosecutor for some years in California and then Hawaii, rising to become chief of the Civil Division of the U.S. Attorney's Office for the District of Hawaii. Appointed to the federal bench in 2012 and 2013 by President Barack Obama, he was unanimously confirmed by the United States Senate in 2013. Watson is the fourth Native Hawaiian federal judge in U.S. history, and the only one currently serving.

Dick Yin Wong

Dick Yin Wong (September 13, 1920 – December 26, 1978) was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii.

George Washington Woodruff

George Washington Woodruff (February 22, 1864 – March 24, 1934) was an American football player, rower, coach, teacher, lawyer and politician. He served as the head football coach at the University of Pennsylvania (1892–1901), the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign (1903), and Carlisle Indian Industrial School (1905), compiling a career college football record of 142–25–2. Woodruff's Penn teams of 1894, 1895, and 1897 have been recognized as national champions. Woodruff was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 1963.

Harold Michael Fong

Harold Michael Fong (April 28, 1938 – April 20, 1995) was an American lawyer and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii.

Helen W. Gillmor

Helen W. Gillmor (born 1942) is a Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii.

Horace Worth Vaughan

Horace Worth Vaughan (December 2, 1867 – November 10, 1922) was an American lawyer, jurist, and politician. He represented Texas in the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate. In 1915, he received an appointment as assistant Attorney General in the Territory of Hawaii, where he lived the rest of his life.

Jill Otake

Jill Aiko Otake (born October 3, 1973) is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii.

John Michael Seabright

John Michael Seabright (born January 1, 1959) is the Chief United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii.

Judiciary of American Samoa

The Judiciary of American Samoa is defined under the Constitution of American Samoa and the American Samoa Code. It consists of the High Court of American Samoa and a local district court under the administration and supervision of the Chief Justice. Both courts are located in the capital of Pago Pago. The Chief Justice and the Associate Justice of the High Court are appointed by the United States Secretary of the Interior, and the six associate judges of the High Court and one local district court judge are appointed by the Governor of American Samoa.

Because American Samoa does not have a federal court like the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, or the United States Virgin Islands, matters of federal law arising in American Samoa have generally been adjudicated in the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii or the District Court for the District of Columbia.

Leslie E. Kobayashi

Leslie Emi Kobayashi (born October 9, 1957) is a United States District Judge for the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii.

Martin Pence

Martin Pence (November 18, 1904 – May 29, 2000) was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii.

Samuel Pailthorpe King

Samuel Pailthorpe King (April 13, 1916 – December 7, 2010) was an American lawyer and judge. He served as a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii.

Sanford B. Dole

Sanford Ballard Dole (April 23, 1844 – June 9, 1926) was a lawyer and jurist in the Hawaiian Islands as a kingdom, protectorate, republic, and territory. A descendant of the American missionary community to Hawaii, Dole advocated the westernization of Hawaiian government and culture. After the overthrow of the monarchy, he served as the President of the Republic of Hawaii until his government secured Hawaii's annexation by the United States.

Susan Oki Mollway

Susan Oki Mollway (born 1950) is a Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii and the first Asian woman ever appointed to the federal bench.

Walter Meheula Heen

Walter Meheula Heen (born April 17, 1928) is an American lawyer, politician and judge. He briefly served as a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii and trustee of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs.

Active district judges of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals
Alaska
Arizona
C. California
E. California
N. California
S. California
Hawaii
Idaho
Montana
Nevada
Oregon
E. Washington
W. Washington
Guam
N. Mariana Islands
Senior district judges of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals
Alaska
Arizona
C. California
E. California
N. California
S. California
Hawaii
Idaho
Montana
Nevada
Oregon
E. Washington
W. Washington
Guam
N. Mariana Islands
United States district and territorial courts
District Courts
Territorial courts
Extinct courts
Note

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.