United States Attorney General

The United States Attorney General (A.G.) is the chief lawyer of the federal government of the United States and head of the United States Department of Justice per 28 U.S.C. § 503, concerned with all legal affairs.

Under the Appointments Clause of the United States Constitution, the officeholder is nominated by the President of the United States and appointed with the advice and consent of the United States Senate. The U.S. Constitution provides that civil officers of the United States, which would include the U.S. Attorney General, may be impeached by Congress for treason, bribery or high crimes and misdemeanors.[3] The United States Attorney General may be removed at will by the President of the United States under the Supreme Court decision Myers v. United States, which found that executive branch officials may be removed without the consent of any entity.[4] In cases of the federal death penalty, the power to seek the death penalty rests with the U.S. Attorney General.

The current Attorney General is William Barr.[5]

United States Attorney General
Seal of the United States Department of Justice
Seal of the Department of Justice
Flag of the United States Attorney General
Flag of the Attorney General
William Barr (cropped)
Incumbent
William Barr

since February 14, 2019
United States Department of Justice
StyleMr. Attorney General
Member ofCabinet
Reports toPresident of the United States
SeatDepartment of Justice Headquarters, Washington, D.C.
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNo Fixed Term
Constituting instrument28 U.S.C. § 503
Judiciary Act of 1789
FormationSeptember 26, 1789
First holderEdmund Randolph
SuccessionSeventh[1]
DeputyDeputy Attorney General
SalaryExecutive Schedule, level I[2]
Websitewww.justice.gov

History

Congress passed the Judiciary Act of 1789 which, among other things, established the Office of the Attorney General. The original duties of this officer were "to prosecute and conduct all suits in the Supreme Court in which the United States shall be concerned, and to give his advice and opinion upon questions of law when required by the President of the United States, or when requested by the heads of any of the departments."[6]

The Department of Justice was established in 1870 to support the Attorney General in the discharge of their responsibilities.

The Attorney General, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the Secretary of Defense are generally regarded as the four most important Cabinet officials in the United States because of the significance and age of their respective departments.[7]

Presidential transition

It is the practice for the Attorney General, along with many other public officials, to give resignation with effect on the Inauguration Day (January 20) of a new President. The Deputy Attorney General, who is also required to tender their resignation, is commonly requested to stay on and act as Attorney General pending the confirmation by the Senate of the new Attorney General.

For example, on the inauguration of President Donald Trump on January, 20, 2017, the tenure of the then Attorney General Loretta Lynch was brought to an end, and the Deputy Attorney General Sally Yates, who had also tendered her resignation, was asked to stay on and be Acting Attorney General until the confirmation of the new Attorney General Jeff Sessions, who had been nominated for the office in November 2016 by then-President-elect Donald Trump.

List of Attorneys General

Parties

  Federalist (4)   Democratic-Republican (5)   Democratic (33)   Whig (4)   Republican (39)

Status
No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took office Left office President(s)
1 EdRand Edmund Randolph Virginia September 26, 1789 January 26, 1794 George Washington
2 William Bradford, AG William Bradford Pennsylvania January 27, 1794 August 23, 1795
3 Charles Lee, AG Charles Lee Virginia December 10, 1795 February 19, 1801
John Adams
4 Levi Lincoln, Sr Levi Lincoln Sr. Massachusetts March 5, 1801 March 2, 1805 Thomas Jefferson
5 John Breckinridge John Breckinridge Kentucky August 7, 1805 December 14, 1806
6 Rodneycaesara3 Caesar Augustus Rodney Delaware January 20, 1807 December 10, 1811
James Madison
7 Williampinkney (1) William Pinkney Maryland December 11, 1811 February 9, 1814
8 Richard Rush engraving Richard Rush Pennsylvania February 10, 1814 November 12, 1817
9 Attorney General William Wirt William Wirt Virginia November 13, 1817 March 4, 1829 James Monroe
John Quincy Adams
10 John Macpherson Berrien, portrait by John Maier John Macpherson Berrien Georgia March 9, 1829 July 19, 1831 Andrew Jackson
11 Roger Taney Roger B. Taney Maryland July 20, 1831 November 14, 1833
12 Benjamin Franklin Butler (1795–1858) Benjamin Franklin Butler New York November 15, 1833 July 4, 1838
Martin Van Buren
13 Felix Grundy Felix Grundy Tennessee July 5, 1838 January 10, 1840
14 Henry D. Gilpin, Attorney General of the United States (trimmed) Henry D. Gilpin Pennsylvania January 11, 1840 March 4, 1841
15 John Jordan Crittenden - Brady 1855 John J. Crittenden
1st Term
Kentucky March 5, 1841 September 12, 1841 William Henry Harrison
John Tyler
16 Hugh S. Legaré Hugh S. Legaré South Carolina September 13, 1841 June 20, 1843
17 John Nelson, bw photo portrait, Brady-Handy collection, circa 1855-1865 John Nelson Maryland July 1, 1843 March 4, 1845
18 JYMason John Y. Mason Virginia March 5, 1845 October 16, 1846 James K. Polk
19 NClifford Nathan Clifford Maine October 17, 1846 March 17, 1848
20 Isaac Toucey - Brady-Handy Isaac Toucey Connecticut June 21, 1848 March 4, 1849
21 Reverdy Johnson Reverdy Johnson Maryland March 8, 1849 July 21, 1850 Zachary Taylor
22 John Jordan Crittenden - Brady 1855 John J. Crittenden
2nd Term
Kentucky July 22, 1850 March 4, 1853 Millard Fillmore
23 Caleb Cushing Caleb Cushing Massachusetts March 7, 1853 March 4, 1857 Franklin Pierce
24 JSBlack-AG Jeremiah S. Black Pennsylvania March 6, 1857 December 16, 1860 James Buchanan
25 Edwin McMasters Stanton Secretary of War Edwin Stanton Pennsylvania December 20, 1860 March 4, 1861
26 Edward Bates - Brady-Handy Edward Bates Missouri March 5, 1861 November 24, 1864 Abraham Lincoln
27 James Speed James Speed Kentucky December 2, 1864 July 22, 1866
Andrew Johnson
28 Stanberry-AttorGen Henry Stanbery Ohio July 23, 1866 July 16, 1868
29 William M. Evarts - Brady-Handy William M. Evarts New York July 17, 1868 March 4, 1869
30 EbenezerRHoar Ebenezer R. Hoar Massachusetts March 5, 1869 November 22, 1870 Ulysses S. Grant
31 Amos T Akerman - crop and minor retouch Amos T. Akerman Georgia November 23, 1870 December 13, 1871
32 George Henry Williams - Brady-Handy - Restored & Cropped George Henry Williams Oregon December 14, 1871 April 25, 1875
33 Edwards Pierrepont, Brady-Handy bw photo portrait, ca1865-1880 Edwards Pierrepont New York April 26, 1875 May 21, 1876
34 Alphonso Taft seated Alphonso Taft Ohio (born in Vermont) May 22, 1876 March 4, 1877
35 Hon. Charles Devens of Mass. Atty Gen. Hayes Cabinet Charles Devens Massachusetts March 12, 1877 March 4, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
36 Wayne MacVeagh - Brady-Handy Wayne MacVeagh Pennsylvania March 5, 1881 December 15, 1881 James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
37 BenjaminHBrewster Benjamin H. Brewster Pennsylvania December 16, 1881 March 4, 1885
38 Augustus Hill Garland - Brady-Handy Augustus Garland Arkansas March 6, 1885 March 4, 1889 Grover Cleveland
39 WHHMiller William H. H. Miller Indiana March 7, 1889 March 4, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
40 Richard Olney, Bain bw photo portrait, 1913 Richard Olney Massachusetts March 6, 1893 April 7, 1895 Grover Cleveland
41 Jud Harmon Judson Harmon Ohio April 8, 1895 March 4, 1897
42 AssoJstcJMcK Joseph McKenna California March 5, 1897 January 25, 1898 William McKinley
43 Griggs2 John W. Griggs New Jersey January 25, 1898 March 29, 1901
44 Philander Knox, bw photo portrait, 1904 Philander C. Knox Pennsylvania April 5, 1901 June 30, 1904
Theodore Roosevelt
45 WHMoody William Henry Moody Massachusetts July 1, 1904 December 17, 1906
46 CJBonaparte Charles Bonaparte Maryland December 17, 1906 March 4, 1909
47 GWWickersham George W. Wickersham New York March 4, 1909 March 4, 1913 William Howard Taft
48 James C. McReynolds - c1913 James C. McReynolds Tennessee March 5, 1913 August 29, 1914 Woodrow Wilson
49 WP Thomas Watt Gregory Thomas Watt Gregory Texas August 29, 1914 March 4, 1919
50 Alexander Mitchell Palmer A. Mitchell Palmer Pennsylvania March 5, 1919 March 4, 1921
51 Harry Daugherty, bw photo portrait 1920 Harry M. Daugherty Ohio March 4, 1921 April 6, 1924 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
52 Chief Justice Harlan Fiske Stone photograph circa 1927-1932 Harlan F. Stone New York April 7, 1924 March 1, 1925
53 John Sargent, Bain bw photo portrait John G. Sargent Vermont March 7, 1925 March 4, 1929
54 William D. Mitchell cph.3b30394 William D. Mitchell Minnesota March 4, 1929 March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
55 Homer Cummings, Harris & Ewing photo portrait, 1920 Homer Stille Cummings Connecticut March 4, 1933 January 1, 1939 Franklin D. Roosevelt
56 Justice Frank Murphy Frank Murphy Michigan January 2, 1939 January 18, 1940
57 Roberthjackson Robert H. Jackson New York January 18, 1940 August 25, 1941
58 Francis Biddle cph.3b27524 Francis Biddle Pennsylvania August 26, 1941 June 26, 1945
Harry S Truman
59 Tom C. Clark Tom C. Clark Texas June 27, 1945 July 26, 1949
60 J. Howard McGrath J. Howard McGrath Rhode Island July 27, 1949 April 3, 1952
61 James P McGranery cropped James P. McGranery Pennsylvania April 4, 1952 January 20, 1953
62 Herbert Brownell Herbert Brownell Jr. New York January 21, 1953 October 23, 1957 Dwight D. Eisenhower
63 William P. Rogers, U.S. Secretary of State William P. Rogers Maryland October 23, 1957 January 20, 1961
64 Robert F Kennedy crop Robert F. Kennedy Massachusetts January 20, 1961 September 3, 1964 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
65 Nicholas Katzenbach at White House, 6 May 1968 Nicholas Katzenbach Illinois September 4, 1964[a] January 28, 1965
January 28, 1965 November 28, 1966
66 Ramsey Clark at the White House, 28 Feb 1968 Ramsey Clark Texas November 28, 1966[a] March 10, 1967
March 10, 1967 January 20, 1969
67 John Mitchell John N. Mitchell New York January 20, 1969 February 15, 1972 Richard Nixon
68 Attorney General Richard Kleindienst Richard Kleindienst Arizona February 15, 1972 April 30, 1973[8]
69 ElliotLeeRichardson Elliot Richardson Massachusetts April 30, 1973[8] October 20, 1973
Robert Bork Robert Bork[b]
Acting
Pennsylvania October 20, 1973 January 4, 1974
70 WilliamBartSaxbe2 William B. Saxbe Ohio January 4, 1974 January 14, 1975
Gerald Ford
71 Edward Levi Attorney General Edward H. Levi Illinois January 14, 1975 January 20, 1977
Dick Thornburgh Dick Thornburgh[c]
Acting
Pennsylvania January 20, 1977 January 26, 1977 Jimmy Carter
72 Attorney General Griffin Bell Griffin Bell Georgia January 26, 1977 August 16, 1979
73 Benjamin Civiletti (1979) Benjamin Civiletti Maryland August 16, 1979 January 19, 1981
74 Portrait officiel de William French Smith William French Smith California January 23, 1981 February 25, 1985 Ronald Reagan
75 Portraits of Assistants to President Ronald Reagan (cropped12) Edwin Meese California February 25, 1985 August 12, 1988
76 Dick Thornburgh Dick Thornburgh Pennsylvania August 12, 1988 August 15, 1991
George H. W. Bush
77 William Barr, official photo as Attorney General William Barr
1st Term
New York August 16, 1991[a] November 26, 1991
November 26, 1991 January 20, 1993
Stuart M. Gerson[d]
Acting
Washington, D.C. January 20, 1993 March 12, 1993 Bill Clinton
78 Janet Reno-us-Portrait Janet Reno Florida March 12, 1993 January 20, 2001
HolderEric Eric Holder[e]
Acting
Washington, D.C. January 20, 2001 February 2, 2001 George W. Bush
79 John Ashcroft John Ashcroft Missouri February 2, 2001 February 3, 2005
80 Alberto Gonzales - official DoJ photograph Alberto Gonzales Texas February 3, 2005 September 17, 2007
Paul D. Clement Paul Clement[f]
Acting
Washington, D.C. September 17, 2007 September 18, 2007
Peterkeisler Peter Keisler[f]
Acting
Washington, D.C. September 18, 2007 November 9, 2007
81 Michael Mukasey, official AG photo portrait, 2007 Michael Mukasey New York November 9, 2007 January 20, 2009
Mark Filip Mark Filip
Acting
Illinois January 20, 2009 February 3, 2009 Barack Obama
82 Eric Holder official portrait (cropped) Eric Holder Washington, D.C. February 3, 2009 April 27, 2015
83 Loretta Lynch, official portrait (cropped) Loretta Lynch New York April 27, 2015 January 20, 2017
Sally Q. Yates (cropped) Sally Yates[g]
Acting
Georgia January 20, 2017 January 30, 2017 Donald Trump
Dana Boente (cropped) Dana Boente
Acting
Virginia January 30, 2017 February 9, 2017
84 Jeff Sessions, official portrait (cropped) Jeff Sessions Alabama February 9, 2017 November 7, 2018
Matthew G. Whitaker official photo (cropped) Matthew Whitaker
Acting[h]
Iowa November 7, 2018 February 14, 2019
85 William Barr (cropped) William Barr
2nd Term
Virginia February 14, 2019 Incumbent

Living former U.S. Attorneys General

As of March 2019, there are ten, living former US Attorneys General, the oldest being Ramsey Clark (served 1967–1969, born 1927). The most recent Attorney General to die was Janet Reno on November 7, 2016 (served 1993–2001, born 1938)

Name Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Ramsey Clark 1967–1969 December 18, 1927 (age 91)
Benjamin Civiletti 1979–1981 July 17, 1935 (age 83)
Edwin Meese 1985–1988 December 2, 1931 (age 87)
Dick Thornburgh 1988–1991 July 16, 1932 (age 86)
John Ashcroft 2001–2005 May 9, 1942 (age 76)
Alberto Gonzales 2005–2007 August 4, 1955 (age 63)
Michael Mukasey 2007–2009 July 28, 1941 (age 77)
Eric Holder 2009–2015 January 21, 1951 (age 68)
Loretta Lynch 2015–2017 May 21, 1959 (age 59)
Jeff Sessions 2017–2018 December 24, 1946 (age 72)

Line of succession

U.S.C. Title 28, §508 establishes the first two positions in the line of succession, while allowing the Attorney General to designate other high-ranking officers of the Department of Justice as subsequent successors.[22] Furthermore, an Executive Order defines subsequent positions, the most recent from March 31, 2017, signed by President Donald Trump.[23] The current line of succession is:

  1. United States Deputy Attorney General
  2. United States Associate Attorney General
  3. Other Officers potentially designated by the Attorney General (in no particular order):
  4. United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia
  5. United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina
  6. United States Attorney for the Northern District of Texas

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Served as acting attorney general in his capacity as deputy attorney general, until his own appointment and confirmation as attorney general.
  2. ^ On October 20, 1973, Solicitor General Robert Bork became acting attorney general following the "Saturday Night Massacre", in which U.S. Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus both resigned.
  3. ^ Served as acting attorney general in his capacity as deputy attorney general, until the appointment of a new attorney general. Thornburgh later served as attorney general from 1988–1991.
  4. ^ Served as acting attorney general in his capacity as Assistant Attorney General for the DOJ Civil Division.[9][10] Gerson was fourth in the line of succession at the Justice Department, but other senior DOJ officials had already resigned.[11] Janet Reno, President Clinton's nominee for attorney general, was confirmed on March 12,[12] and he resigned the same day.[12]
  5. ^ Served as acting attorney general in his capacity as deputy attorney general, until the appointment of a new attorney general. Holder later served as attorney general from 2009–2015.
  6. ^ a b On August 27, 2007, President Bush named Solicitor General Paul Clement as the future acting attorney general, to take office upon the resignation of Alberto Gonzales, effective September 17, 2007.[13] On September 17, President Bush announced that Assistant Attorney General for the DOJ Civil Division Peter Keisler would become acting attorney general, pending a permanent appointment of a presidential nominee.[14][15] According to administration officials, Clement became acting attorney general at 12:01 am September 17, 2007, and left office 24 hours later.[16] Keisler served as acting attorney general until the confirmation of Michael Mukasey on November 9, 2007.
  7. ^ Served as acting attorney general in her capacity as deputy attorney general, until she was fired after stating that the Department of Justice would not defend an executive order in court.[17]
  8. ^ The legality of Matthew Whitaker's appointment as Acting Attorney General was called into question by several constitutional scholars. Among those included Neal Katyal and George T. Conway III, who asserted it is unconstitutional, because the Attorney General is a principal officer under the Appointments Clause, and thus requires senate consent, even in an acting capacity.[18] Maryland filed an injunction against Whitaker's appointment on this basis.[19] John E. Bies at Lawfare regarded it as an unresolved question.[20] The DOJ Office of Legal Counsel released a legal opinion, asserting that the appointment was legal and consistent with past precedent.[21]

References

  1. ^ "3 U.S. Code § 19 - Vacancy in offices of both President and Vice President; officers eligible to act". Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  2. ^ 5 U.S.C. § 5312.
  3. ^ "Impeachment | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". history.house.gov. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
  4. ^ The common law further suggests that the U.S. President has the power to remove an official engaged in purely executive functions or whose duties immediately affect the ability to fulfill his constitutional responsibilities (Bowsher v. Synar, 1986).
  5. ^ Fandos, Nicholas; Benner, Katie (2019-02-14). "Senate Confirms William Barr as Attorney General". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-02-14.
  6. ^ Judiciary Act of 1789, section 35.
  7. ^ Cabinets and Counselors: The President and the Executive Branch (1997). Congressional Quarterly. p. 87.
  8. ^ a b Stern, Laurence; Johnson, Haynes (May 1, 1973). "3 Top Nixon Aides, Kleindienst Out; President Accepts Full Responsibility; Richardson Will Conduct New Probe". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  9. ^ Cahoon, Ben (2000). "United States Government". World Statesmen. Retrieved December 12, 2008. January 20, 1993 – March 12, 1993 Stuart M. Gerson (acting) (b. 1944)
  10. ^ Staff reporter (February 21, 1993). "Stuart Gerson's Parting Shot". New York Times. Retrieved December 12, 2008. As supporters of the Brady gun-control bill prepare to introduce it in Congress yet again this week, they find a welcome, if unlikely, ally in Stuart Gerson, the Acting Attorney General. Because President Clinton has had so many problems finding a new Attorney General, Mr. Gerson remains in office...
  11. ^ Labaton, Stephen (January 25, 1993). "Notes on Justice; Who's in Charge? Bush Holdover Says He Is, but Two Clinton Men Differ". The New York Times. Retrieved December 12, 2008.
  12. ^ a b Ifill, Gwen (March 12, 1993). "Reno Confirmed in Top Justice Job". New York Times. Retrieved December 12, 2008. She will replace Acting Attorney General Stuart M. Gerson, a holdover appointee from the Bush Administration. Ms. Reno said he resigned today.
  13. ^ Meyers, Steven Lee (August 27, 2007). "Embattled Attorney General Resigns". The New York Times. Retrieved August 27, 2007.
  14. ^ "President Bush Announces Judge Michael Mukasey as Nominee for Attorney General", White House press release, September 17, 2007
  15. ^ "Bush Text on Attorney General Nomination". NewsOK.com. The Oklahoman. The Associated Press. September 17, 2007. Retrieved September 18, 2007.
  16. ^ Eggen, Dan; Elizabeth Williamson (September 19, 2007). "Democrats May Tie Confirmation to Gonzales Papers". Washington Post. pp. A10. Retrieved September 19, 2007.
  17. ^ Perez, Evan; Diamond, Jeremy (January 30, 2017). "Trump fires acting AG after she declines to defend travel ban". CNN. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  18. ^ "Opinion | Trump's Appointment of the Acting Attorney General Is Unconstitutional". Retrieved 2018-11-15.
  19. ^ "Maryland Says Matthew Whitaker Appointment As Acting Attorney General Is Unlawful". NPR.org. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
  20. ^ "Matthew Whitaker's Appointment as Acting Attorney General: Three Lingering Questions". Lawfare. 2018-11-08. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
  21. ^ CNN, Laura Jarrett,. "DOJ says Whitaker's appointment as acting attorney general is constitutional". CNN. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
  22. ^ "U.S.C. Title 28 - JUDICIARY AND JUDICIAL PROCEDURE". www.gpo.gov. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
  23. ^ "Providing an Order of Succession Within the Department of Justice". Federal Register. April 5, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2018.

External links

U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
James Mattis
as Secretary of Defense
Order of Precedence of the United States
as Attorney General
Succeeded by
Ryan Zinke
as Secretary of the Interior
U.S. presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Secretary of Defense
Jim Mattis
7th in line Succeeded by
Secretary of the Interior
Ryan Zinke
1974 United States Senate election in Ohio

The 1974 United States Senate election in Ohio took place on November 3, 1974. It was concurrent with elections to the United States House of Representatives. Incumbent Democratic U.S Senator Howard Metzenbaum was running for re-election his first full term after he was appointed in 1970 by Ohio governor John J. Gilligan to fill out the Senate term of William B. Saxbe, who had resigned to become United States Attorney General. Metzenbaum lost the primary election to John Glenn, who went on to win the general election and win every county in the state.

Allen J. Furlow

Allen John Furlow (November 9, 1890 – January 29, 1954) was a Representative from Minnesota; born in Rochester, Olmsted County, Minnesota, November 9, 1890; attended the public schools; was graduated from Rochester High School in 1910; during the First World War served overseas as a pilot in the aviation branch of the Army; promoted to first lieutenant; was graduated from the law department of George Washington University, Washington, D.C., in 1920; was admitted to the bar in 1920 and commenced practice in Rochester, Minnesota; member of the Minnesota Senate 1923 – 1925; elected as a Republican to the 69th and 70th congresses, (March 4, 1925 – March 3, 1929); unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1928; employed in the legal department of the Curtiss-Wright Corporation, Washington, D.C., in 1929 and 1930; in 1933 was appointed by the United States Attorney General as a special assistant in cases assigned under the petroleum code; was in the legal department of the Veterans Administration, Washington, D.C., 1934 – 1937; returned to Rochester, Minnesota, and practiced law until his death, January 29, 1954; interment in Oakwood Cemetery.

Amalya Lyle Kearse

Amalya Lyle Kearse (born June 11, 1937) is a Senior United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, and a world-class bridge player.

C. Frank Reavis

Charles Frank Reavis (September 5, 1870 – May 26, 1932) was an American Republican Party politician.

He was born in Falls City, Nebraska on and studied law at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois. He was admitted to the bar in 1892 and set up practice in Falls City. He became the prosecuting attorney of Richardson County, Nebraska from 1894 to 1896.

In 1915 he was elected to the Sixty-fourth United States Congress and reelected to the three succeeding congresses serving from March 4, 1915, to June 3, 1922. On April 5, 1917, he voted against declaring war on Germany. He resigned in 1922 and was appointed in June 1922 special assistant to the United States Attorney General in the prosecution of war fraud cases. He served until June 1, 1924. He moved to Lincoln, Nebraska in 1924 and continued the practice of law. He died there on May 26, 1932, and is buried in Steele Cemetery in Falls City.

Glen Arm, Maryland

Glen Arm is an unincorporated community in Baltimore County, Maryland, United States.Glen Arm lies along what is now Glen Arm Road, which was once part of Old Harford Road, one of the early routes used for conveying agricultural products from parts of Harford and Baltimore Counties and southern Pennsylvania to the port of Baltimore. Glen Arm was also served until 1958 by the Maryland and Pennsylvania Railroad. In 1921, at the railroad's crossing of Glen Arm Road, what generally is recognized as the nation's first train-actuated railroad crossing signal was installed by the railroad's Superintendent of Signals, Charles Adler, Jr. Adler later designed early traffic-actuated traffic lights for the City of Baltimore, and also invented the system of flashing warning lights used on aircraft.Glen Arm was once the home to a Grumman aircraft manufacturing plant. Today, the building serves as the American headquarters of and a warehouse for Ulla Popken women's clothing.Ravenshurst, a historic Carpenter Gothic-style home in Glen Arm, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978. It was destroyed by fire in 1985.In the 1990s Glen Arm was the center of the Towson Glen Arm music and art collective.A notable resident of Glen Arm was Charles Joseph Bonaparte (1851-1921), whose country estate Bella Vista was in the area. Bonaparte, a great nephew of the French emperor Napoleon, served as United States Secretary of War and United States Attorney General under President Theodore Roosevelt. As Attorney General, Bonaparte established the Bureau of Investigation, which later became the FBI.

Herbert Brownell Jr.

Herbert Brownell Jr. (February 20, 1904 – May 1, 1996) was an attorney and a Republican Party organizer. From 1953 to 1957, he was the United States Attorney General in the administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.

John G. Sargent

John Garibaldi Sargent (October 13, 1860 – March 5, 1939) was an American lawyer and government official. He served as United States Attorney General during the administration of President Calvin Coolidge.

John W. Griggs

John William Griggs (July 10, 1849 – November 28, 1927) was an American Republican Party politician, who served as the 29th Governor of New Jersey, from 1896 to 1898, stepping down to assume the position as the United States Attorney General from 1898 to 1901.

Judson Harmon

Judson Harmon (February 3, 1846 – February 22, 1927) was a Democratic politician from Ohio. He served as United States Attorney General under President Grover Cleveland and later served as the 45th Governor of Ohio.

Patriot Act, Title I

Title I: Enhancing Domestic Security against Terrorism is the first of ten titles which comprise the USA PATRIOT Act, an anti-terrorism bill passed in the United States after the September 11, 2001 attacks. Title I contains six sections, which, in turn, establish a fund for counterterrorist actions, condemn discrimination against Arab and Muslim Americans, increase funding for the FBI's Technical Support Center, allow for military assistance in some situations involving weapons of mass destruction when requested by the United States Attorney General, expanded the National Electronic Crime Task Force, and expanded the President's authority and abilities in case of terrorism.

Richard Olney

Richard Olney (September 15, 1835 – April 8, 1917) was an American statesman. He served as United States Attorney General and Secretary of State under President Grover Cleveland, and in the latter position, briefly, under Cleveland's successor, William McKinley. As attorney general, Olney used injunctions against striking workers in the Pullman strike, setting a precedent, and advised the use of federal troops, when legal means failed to control the strikers. As secretary of state, he raised the status of America in the world by elevating U.S. diplomatic posts to the status of embassy.

Richard Rush

Richard Rush (August 29, 1780 – July 30, 1859) was the 8th United States Attorney General and the 8th United States Secretary of the Treasury. He also served as John Quincy Adams's running mate on the National Republican ticket in 1828.

Born in Philadelphia to Benjamin Rush, a prominent physician and Founding Father, Richard Rush graduated from the College of New Jersey in 1797 and pursued a legal career. After gaining renown for his oratorical skills, he was appointed as Attorney General of Pennsylvania in 1811. Later that year, President James Madison appointed Rush to the position of Comptroller of the Treasury, and Rush became one of Madison's closest advisers during the War of 1812. Madison elevated Rush to the position of United States Attorney General in 1814. Rush remained in that position after James Monroe took office, and he also briefly served as the acting Secretary of State. In this capacity he concluded the Rush–Bagot Treaty, which limited naval armaments on the Great Lakes.

After John Quincy Adams returned to the United States to assume the position of Secretary of State, Rush was appointed as the ambassador to Britain. In 1825, Rush accepted Adams's offer to serve as Secretary of the Treasury. When Adams sought re-election in 1828, he chose Rush as his running mate, but Adams lost the presidential election to Andrew Jackson. After the election, Rush served as a diplomat for various groups, and he helped establish the Smithsonian Institution. During the presidency of James K. Polk, Rush served as the minister to France. He returned to the United States in 1849 and died in Philadelphia in 1859.

The Pursuit of Justice

The Pursuit of Justice was a book written by Robert F. Kennedy and published in 1964. The book consisted of 12 revamped speeches delivered by Kennedy during his tenure as United States Attorney General. It was reviewed by Judge Roger J. Kiley.

Thomas Watt Gregory

Thomas Watt Gregory (November 6, 1861 – February 26, 1933) was a political progressive and American attorney who served as United States Attorney General from 1914 to 1919, during President Woodrow Wilson's administration.

United States Deputy Attorney General

The United States Deputy Attorney General is the second-highest-ranking official in the United States Department of Justice and oversees the day-to-day operation of the Department. The Deputy Attorney General acts as Attorney General during the absence of the Attorney General.

The Deputy Attorney General is a political appointee of the President of the United States and takes office after confirmation by the United States Senate. The position was created in 1950. Since April 26, 2017, Rod Rosenstein has been Deputy Attorney General.

William Barr

William Pelham Barr (born May 23, 1950) is an American attorney who is the 85th and current United States Attorney General since 2019, having previously served in the position from 1991 to 1993. Before becoming attorney general the first time, Barr held numerous other posts within the Department of Justice, including serving as Deputy Attorney General from 1990 to 1991. He is a member of the Republican Party.

In March 2019, the Department of Justice announced that Barr would not recuse himself from oversight of the Russia investigation, unlike his predecessor, Jeff Sessions.

William French Smith

William French Smith II (August 26, 1917 – October 29, 1990) was an American lawyer. He was the 74th United States Attorney General.

William Wirt (Attorney General)

William Wirt (November 8, 1772 – February 18, 1834) was an American author and statesman who is credited with turning the position of United States Attorney General into one of influence. He was the longest serving Attorney General in U.S. history. He was also the Anti-Masonic nominee for president in the 1832 election.

Wirt grew up in Maryland but pursued a legal career in Virginia, passing the Virginia bar in 1792. After holding various positions, he served as the prosecutor in Aaron Burr's trial for treason. He won election to the Virginia House of Delegates in 1808 and was appointed as a United States Attorney in 1816. The following year, President James Monroe appointed him to the position of United States Attorney General. Wirt remained in that office for the next twelve years, serving under Monroe and John Quincy Adams. He continued his law career after leaving office, representing the Cherokee in Cherokee Nation v. Georgia.

Though Wirt was himself a former Freemason, the Anti-Masonic Party nominated him for president in 1832. Wirt did not actively campaign for office and refused to publicly speak against Masonry. Nonetheless, the ticket of Wirt and Amos Ellmaker carried the state of Vermont, becoming the first third party presidential ticket to win a state. After the election, Wirt continued to practice law until his death in 1834. Wirt County, West Virginia, is named in Wirt's honor.

Wirt Township, Itasca County, Minnesota

Wirt Township is a township in Itasca County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 106 at the 2010 census.Wirt Township was named for William Wirt, 9th United States Attorney General.

United States Attorneys General
18th century
19th century
20th century
21st century
Deputy
Attorney
General
Associate
Attorney
General
Assistant
Attorneys
General
Current
Past
Attorneys General of the Individual States
States
Federal district
Insular areas
Attorneys General of the Americas
Sovereign states

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