United States Army enlisted rank insignia of World War I

The United States Army's enlisted rank insignia that was used during World War I differs from the current system. The color scheme used for the insignia's chevron was olive drab for field use uniforms or one of several colors (depending on the corps) on dress uniforms. The chevron system used by enlisted men during World War I came into being in 1895, and was changed to a different system in 1919. Specification 760, which was dated May 31, 1905 contained 45 different enlisted insignia that varied designs and titles by different corps of the army. General Order Number 169, which was enacted on August 14, 1907, created an even larger variety of enlisted rank insignia. Pay grades were not yet in use by the U.S. Army. The pay system identified the job assignment of the soldier. By the end of World War I, the system contained 128 different insignia designs.[1]

Field service rank insignia

1st grade 2nd grade 3rd grade 4th grade 5th grade 6th grade 7th grade 8th grade 9th grade 10th grade 11th grade
WW1-RegSgtMajor.svg WW1-RegSupplSgt.svg WW1-BattSgtMaj.svg WW1-ColorSgt.svg WW1-1sgt.svg WW1-MessSgt.svg WW1-StableSgt.svg WW1-CompanySupplySgt.svg WW1-Sergeant.svg WW1-Corporal.svg WW1-Private.svg
Regimental sergeant major Regimental supply sergeant Battalion sergeant major Color sergeant First sergeant Mess sergeant Stable sergeant Company supply sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal/Private first class (1920)

Other rank insignia

Other ranks and pay grades that held distinctive insignia not shown here included:

Cavalry

  • Chief trumpeter
  • Principal musician
  • First sergeant

Infantry

  • Chief musician
  • Battalion sergeant major
  • Color sergeant
  • Principal musician
  • First sergeant
  • Drum major

Coast artillery corps

  • Chief trumpeter
  • Principal musician
  • First sergeant
  • Drum major
  • Sergeant
  • Company quartermaster sergeant
  • Corporal
  • Lance corporal
  • Fireman
  • Cook
  • Casemate electrician
  • Observer first class
  • Observer second class
  • Plotter
  • Chief planter - mine company
  • Chief loader - gun or mortar company
  • Gun commander
  • Gun pointer
  • First class gunner - gun or mortar company
  • Second class gunner - gun or mortar company
  • First class gunner - mine company
  • Second class gunner - mine company
  • Mechanic

Field artillery

  • Regimental sergeant major
  • Regimental quartermaster sergeant
  • Regimental commissary sergeant
  • Chief musician
  • Battalion sergeant major
  • Color sergeant
  • Chief trumpeter
  • Principal musician
  • Company quartermaster sergeant
  • Stable sergeant
  • Corporal
  • Lance corporal
  • Cook
  • Chief mechanic
  • Mechanic
  • First class gunner
  • Second class gunner
  • Farrier
  • Saddler

Signal corps

  • Master signal electrician
  • Sergeant first class
  • Sergeant
  • Corporal

Engineer corps

  • Master engineer senior grade
  • Master engineer junior grade
  • Master sergeant

Medical department

  • Sergeant first class
  • Sergeant
  • Corporal
  • Lance corporal
  • Private

Ordnance department

  • Sergeant
  • Corporal
  • Lance corporal
  • First class private

Post non-commission staff

  • Bandleader
  • Assistant bandleader
  • Sergeant drum major
  • Sergeant bugler
  • Bugler corporal
  • Bugler
  • Master hospital sergeant - medical dept.
  • Hospital sergeant - medical dept.
  • Farrier - medical dept.
  • Master engineer senior grade - engineer corps
  • Master engineer junior grade - engineer corps
  • Sergeant 1st class - engineer corps
  • Battalion supply sergeant - engineer corps
  • Master signal electrician
  • Sergeant 1st class - signal corps
  • Sergeant - signal corps
  • Corporal - signal corps
  • Ordnance sergeant
  • Sergeant 1st class - ordnance dept.
  • Quartermaster sergeant senior grade
  • Quartermaster sergeant - quartermaster corps
  • Sergeant 1st class - quartermaster corps
  • Sergeant - quartermaster corps
  • Corporal - quartermaster corps
  • Assistant engineer - coastal artillery corps

See also

References

  1. ^ "U.S. Army Institute of Heraldry-History of Enlisted Ranks". Archived from the original on 2010-06-29. Retrieved 2017-04-30.

External links

First sergeant

First sergeant is typically a senior non-commissioned officer rank, used in many countries. In NATO armed forces the rank is on OR8 level.

List of comparative military ranks

This article is a list of various states' armed forces ranking designations. Comparisons are made between the different systems used by nations to categorize the hierarchy of an armed force compared to another. Several of these lists mention NATO reference codes. These are the NATO rank reference codes, used for easy comparison among NATO countries. Links to comparison charts can be found below.

Master sergeant

A master sergeant is the military rank for a senior non-commissioned officer in the armed forces of some countries.

Sergeant first class

Sergeant First Class (SFC) is a military rank in some militaries and other uniformed organizations around the world, typically that of a senior non-commissioned officer.

Sergeant major

Sergeant major is a senior non-commissioned rank or appointment in many militaries around the world. In Commonwealth countries, the various degrees of sergeant major are appointments held by warrant officers. In the United States, there are also various grades of sergeant major (command sergeant major, Sergeant Major of the Army, Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps), but they are all of the same pay grade of E-9. However, the Sergeant Major of the Army and the Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps, as their respective service's Senior Enlisted Advisor, receive a special rate of basic pay that is higher than all other sergeants major.

Staff sergeant

Staff sergeant is a rank of non-commissioned officer used in the armed forces of several countries. It is also a police rank in some police services.

United States Army enlisted rank insignia of World War II

The U.S. Army enlisted rank insignia that was used during World War II differs from the current system. The color scheme used for the insignia's chevron design was defined as either light Olive Drab (shade OD-3) on dark blue stripes for wear on the Olive Drab "Winter" uniform or medium olive drab (shade OD-2) on dark blue for wear on the khaki "Summer" uniform (as seen in the charts below). This scheme of rank insignia was established by War Department Circular No. 303 on 5 August 1920 and would see two significant changes in 1942. The usage of this style of insignia was ended by Department of the Army Circular No. 202, dated 7 July 1948, which provided for significant changes in both rank and insignia design.

United States Army rank insignia

See:

United States Army enlisted rank insignia

United States Army enlisted rank insignia of World War I

United States Army enlisted rank insignia of World War II

United States Military warrant officer rank insignia

United States Army officer rank insignia

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