United States Army Command and General Staff College

The United States Army Command and General Staff College (CGSC or, obsolete, USACGSC) at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, is a graduate school for United States Army and sister service officers, interagency representatives, and international military officers. The college was established in 1881 by William Tecumseh Sherman as the School of Application for Infantry and Cavalry, (later simply the Infantry and Cavalry School), a training school for infantry and cavalry officers.[2] In 1907 it changed its title to the School of the Line. The curriculum expanded throughout World War I, World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War and continues to adapt to include lessons learned from current conflicts.

In addition to the main campus at Fort Leavenworth, the college has satellite campuses at Fort Belvoir, Virginia; Fort Lee, Virginia; Fort Gordon, Georgia; and Redstone Arsenal, Alabama. The satellite campuses provide non-residential distance learning opportunities.

The Command and General Staff College
Fort Leavenworth Crest
Fort Leavenworth, U.S. Army Combined Arms Center, and U.S. Army Command and General Staff College Device
Active1881–present
Country United States
Branch United States Army
Garrison/HQFort Leavenworth, Kansas
Motto(s)Ad Bellum Pace Parati
Commanders
Current
commander
John S. Kern[1]

Mission statement

The United States Army Command and General Staff College (CGSC) educates and develops leaders for full spectrum joint, interagency and multinational operations; acts as lead agent for the Army's leader development program; and advances the art and science of the profession of arms in support of Army operational requirements.[3]

Schools

Eisenhower Hall - October 2012
Fort Leavenworth's Eisenhower Hall houses the CGSC Library.

The college consists of four schools:[3]

  • Command and General Staff School (CGSS) provides Intermediate Level Education (ILE) for United States Army and sister service officers, interagency representatives, and international military officers.[3] ILE is a ten-month graduate-level program; the curriculum includes instruction on leadership philosophy, military history, and the military planning and decision-making processes.[4] There is one ILE class per year; starting in August and ending in June. About 1,200 US military and international officers make up the class. In addition to the ILE curriculum, a graduate masters program exists for students who may qualify to complete a thesis-level research paper and receive a Master of Military Arts and Sciences (MMAS) degree at the School of Advanced Military Studies. The Masters program is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission, the accrediting body for collegiate institutions in the midwestern United States.[5] ILE students are normally mid-career field-grade officers preparing for battalion command or staff positions at the division, brigade, or battalion level. In addition to CGSS at Fort Leavenworth, the school operates satellite campuses at Fort Belvoir, Virginia; Fort Lee, Virginia; Fort Gordon, Georgia; and Redstone Arsenal, Alabama.[6] Students at the satellite campuses complete the ILE Common Core, a condensed ninety-day program without the MMAS option, in lieu of the traditional ten-month program.[6]
  • School of Advanced Military Studies (SAMS) provides post-ILE instruction on complex military issues at the strategic and operational levels.[7] Students who complete the curriculum receive a Master of Military Arts and Sciences (MMAS) and are then assigned as high-level military planners. The Masters program is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission, the accrediting body for collegiate institutions in the midwestern United States.[5]
  • School for Command Preparation (SCP) provides instruction for colonels, lieutenant colonels, and command sergeants major who have been selected for brigade or battalion command.[4][8] Courses are normally three to four weeks and focus on special topics unique to assumption of command at the levels indicated.
  • School of Advanced Leadership and Tactics (SALT) provides officer continuing education towards developing the Scholar-Warrior-Leader from first lieutenant to selection for major. The result is mastery of branch-specific technical and tactical skills, staff processes in battalions and brigades, direct leadership and command competencies, and initial broadening opportunities.[9]
  • During World War I, the CGSC at Ft. Leavenworth was closed, from 1916 until 1920. Most of the school staff was sent to Langres, France, to open and conduct the Army General Staff College, which operated from November 1917 to December 1918. This compressed-curriculum school was needed to provide command and staff officers for the exponentially growing number of Army units; divisions, regiments, brigades, and battalions.[10]

Notable people

Notable alumni

Notable foreign alumni

The college reports that 7,000 international students representing 155 countries have attended CGSC since 1894 and that more than 50 percent of CGSC International Military Student (IMS) graduates attain the rank of general.[11]

Notable faculty and deputy commandants

Commandants

Since 1976, the commandant of the college has been a lieutenant general. David Petraeus was the commandant between 2005 and 2007, immediately before going to command the Multi-National Force – Iraq.

Photo gallery

International students, class of 1998-99 (United States Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavensworth, Kansas)

International Students of Class 1998–99

International students, class of 1998-99 (United States Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavensworth, Kansas) on a class trip to Burns & McDonnell Engineering

International Students of Class 1998–99 on a Kansas company visit

International students, class of 1998-99 (United States Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavensworth, Kansas) on a class trip to Gettysburg

International Students of Class 1998–99 Gettysburg visit

See also

References

  1. ^ "CGSC Leadership". U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. Archived from the original on 1 January 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  2. ^ Otis, E. S. (1882). "8.—Report of Col. E. S. Otis". In United States War Department. Report of the Secretary of War; being part of the message and documents communicated to the two Houses of Congress at the beginning of the second session of the Forty-seventh Congress. In four volumes. I. Washington: GPO. pp. 173–177. Archived from the original on 27 October 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2013. (p.173): "As directed by the General of the Army, in communication of September 27, I have the honor to submit the annual report of proceedings and results at the United States infantry and cavalry school here located, or for the period from December 1, last, the date of its organization, to the present time.
    The school was organized under the provisions of General Orders No. 42, War Department, of May 7, 1881, which provided that the commanding general of the Department of the Missouri should, as soon as the requisite number of companies could be assembled at Fort Leavenworth, take measures to establish a school for infantry and cavalry similar to that in operation at Fort Monroe for the artillery arm of the service."
  3. ^ a b c "About the Command and General Staff College". U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. Archived from the original on 12 September 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  4. ^ a b "About the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College". CGSC Foundation. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  5. ^ a b "CGSC Registrar". U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. Archived from the original on 6 March 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  6. ^ a b "Satellite Campus Program". U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. Archived from the original on 20 August 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  7. ^ "School of Advanced Military Studies – Converting intellectual power into combat power". U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. Archived from the original on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  8. ^ "School for Command Preparation". U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  9. ^ "School of Advanced Leadership and Tactics". U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. Archived from the original on 21 August 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  10. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 February 2017. Retrieved 9 May 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "International Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony". U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. 1 October 2009. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  12. ^ "US embassy cables: Bahrainis trained by Hezbollah, claims King Hamad". The Guardian. London. 15 February 2011. Archived from the original on 15 September 2014. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  13. ^ Halloran, Richard; Molotsky, Irvin (14 December 1988). "Washington Talk: Briefing; A Hero Retires". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 24 May 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.

External links

Coordinates: 39°20′39″N 94°54′57″W / 39.34417°N 94.91583°W

Bayan Lewis

Bayan Lewis (born February 25, 1942) was interim Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department in 1997.

Carl E. Vuono

Carl Edward Vuono (born October 18, 1934) is a retired United States Army general who served as the Chief of Staff of the United States Army from 1987 to 1991.

Commandant of the United States Army Command and General Staff College

The Commandant of the United States Army Command and General Staff College is the highest-ranking official at the United States Army's Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, installation. The position is similar to the West Point Superintendent and is roughly equivalent to the chancellor or president of an American civilian university. Since 1976, the commandant has been a Lieutenant General (three stars) and is also in charge of the United States Army Combined Arms Center which includes other training organizations at Fort Leavenworth.

The General Staff College, which is a graduate school, trains a high number of United States Army field officers, many of whom go on to become general officers, including all of the five-star generals since World War II. The college is part of the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command.

David G. Perkins

David Gerard Perkins (born November 12, 1957) is a United States Army four-star general. who commanded the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command. He retired during a ceremony in Washington, D.C. on March 9, 2018.

Frank Padavan

Frank Padavan (October 31, 1934 – October 8, 2018) was an American engineer and politician. He served as a New York state senator representing District 11, located in Queens County. His district included the communities of Queens Village, Flushing, Bayside, Whitestone, Douglaston, Little Neck, College Point, Bellerose, Hollis, Jamaica Estates, Floral Park, and Glen Oaks. A Republican, Padavan lost his 2010 bid for re-election to Democrat Tony Avella.

Harold Keith Johnson

Harold Keith "Johnny" Johnson (February 22, 1912 – September 24, 1983) was a United States Army general who served as Chief of Staff of the United States Army from 1964 to 1968. Regarded as a premier tactician, Johnson became skeptical that the level of resources given to the Vietnam War, much of which went into 'find, fix, and destroy the big main force units' operations, could deliver victory. Johnson came to believe that the Communist forces held a trump card, because they controlled whether there were engagements with US forces, giving an option to simply avoid battle with US forces if the situation warranted it.

Howard W. Penney

Lieutenant General Howard W. Penney (December 5, 1918 – June 25, 2004) of United States army, was first director of Defense Mapping Agency from July 1972 to August 1974. Under Penney’s leadership, the new agency focused its assets into a decentralized structure with a lean staff to respond to the rising demands for geographic information by a variety of military users.

K. Jack Bauer

Karl Jack Bauer (born 30 July 1926 in Springfield, Ohio – died 17 September 1987 in Troy, New York), was one of the founders of the North American Society for Oceanic History and a well-known naval historian. NASOH’s K. Jack Bauer Award is named in his memory.

Kenny Ray Cox

Kenny Ray Cox (born October 2, 1957) is a retired United States Army lieutenant colonel from Mansfield, Louisiana, who is a Democratic member of the Louisiana House of Representatives for Natchitoches, Red River, and DeSoto parishes in the northwestern portion of his state.

Les Brownlee

Romer Leslie "Les" Brownlee served as the Undersecretary of the Army from November 2001 to May 2003 and as Acting United States Secretary of the Army from 10 May 2003 until his resignation effective 2 December 2004, staying at the Undersecretary's office. Bill Gertz wrote that Donald Rumsfeld did not wish to name a non-CEO to the job of Secretary.

Marvin Abney

Marvin L. Abney (born November 10, 1949 in Texarkana, Texas) is an American politician and a Democratic member of the Rhode Island House of Representatives representing District 73 since January 1, 2013. During the legislative session beginning in 2015, Abney was one of three African-Americans in the Rhode Island Legislature. Representative Abney is the current Chairman of the House Finance Committee.

Paul M. Nakasone

Paul Miki Nakasone (born November 19, 1963) is a four-star general in the United States Army who currently serves as the commander of United States Cyber Command. He concurrently serves as the director of the National Security Agency and as chief of the Central Security Service. Previously, he was the commander of the United States Army Cyber Command. Nakasone took command of the United States Second Army and Cyber Command in October 2016, until the Second Army's inactivation in March 2017. In May 2018, he became head of the National Security Agency, the Central Security Service and the U.S. Cyber Command.

Rida Cabanilla

Rida T.R. Cabanilla Arakawa (born December 24, 1952 in Ilocos Sur, Philippines) is an American politician and a Democratic member of the Hawaii House of Representatives since January 16, 2013 representing District 41. Cabanilla consecutively served from January 2005 until 2013 in the District 42 seat.

Robert W. RisCassi

Robert William RisCassi (born January 18, 1936) is a retired United States Army four-star general who served as Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army (VCSA) from 1989 to 1990; Commander in Chief, United Nations Command/Commander in Chief, ROK/U.S. Combined Forces Command/Commander, U.S. Forces Korea/Commanding General, Eighth United States Army (CINCUNC/CINCCFC/COMUSFK/CG EUSA) from 1990 to 1992; and Commander in Chief, United Nations Command/Commander in Chief, ROK/U.S. Combined Forces Command/Commander, United States Forces Korea (CINCUNC/CINCCFC/COMUSFK) from 1992 to 1993.

Ronald H. Griffith

Ronald Houston Griffith (March 16, 1936 – July 18, 2018) was an American general in the United States Army who served as Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army (VCSA) from 1995 to 1997. He was born in Lafayette, Georgia.

School of Advanced Military Studies

The School of Advanced Military Studies (SAMS) is one of four United States Army schools that make up the United States Army Command and General Staff College (CGSC) at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. This "enormously rigorous" graduate school comprises two programs: the larger Advanced Military Studies Program (AMSP), and the Advanced Operational Art Studies Fellowship (AOASF), which more senior officers attend. The student body is small but diverse and comprises members of each of the US armed forces, various US government agencies, and allied military forces. Graduates are colloquially known as "Jedi Knights".The school educates the future leaders of the US Armed Forces, its allies, and the Interagency at the graduate level to be agile and adaptive leaders who think critically at the strategic and operational levels to solve complex ambiguous problems.The school issues a masters degree in Military Art and Science, and provides its graduates with the skills to deal with the disparate challenges encountered in contemporary military and government operations. The modern course produces "leaders with the flexibility of mind to solve complex operational and strategic problems in peace, conflict, and war". Various senior military leaders have recognized the contributions of SAMS graduates in supporting global contingency operations.

The first class began at the school in mid-1983 and 13 students graduated the following year. Due to increasing requirements for SAMS graduates in the US military, the army expanded the school in the 1990s, and in 2010 over 120 students graduated. Since the school's inception, SAMS planners have supported every major US military campaign, providing the army "with many of its top campaign planners for the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries".

Sean McCann (Irish Army general)

Lieutenant General Sean McCann was the Chief of Staff of the Defence Forces from 9 June 2010 until his retirement on 12 August 2013. He assumed command in 2010 upon the retirement of Lieutenant General Dermot Earley, DSM.McCann joined in the Army as a cadet in 1970. Commissioned as a Cavalry officer he was previously an instructor at the United Nations Training School Ireland and the Military College, Director of Cavalry, Director of Operations, and most recently Deputy Chief of Staff (Ops). He has been deployed overseas six times to Lebanon, Israel, the Iraqi/Kuwaiti border and the former Yugoslavia.McCann is a graduate of University College Galway (from which he obtained a Bachelor of Commerce degree in 1974) and the United States Army Command and General Staff College. In October 2011, McCann was honoured as an inductee into the International Hall of Fame of the Army Command and General Staff College, which honours previous international graduates who have reached the highest positions in their respective armed forces or similar positions in multinational military organizations. McCann was President (2013–15) of Newbridge RFC.

Thomas H. Ruger

Thomas Howard Ruger (April 2, 1833 – June 3, 1907) was an American soldier and lawyer who served as a Union general in the American Civil War. After the war, he was a superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York.

William W. Crouch

General William Wright Crouch (born July 12, 1941) is a retired United States Army four-star general, and former Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army.

Sub-commands
Installations
Schools
Service academies
Colleges
Staff colleges
Preparatory
Public institutions
Private institutions
Community colleges
Technical colleges
Federal/military colleges

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.