United Provinces of British India

The United Provinces of British India, more commonly known as the United Provinces, was a province of British India, which came into existence on 3 January 1921 as a result of the renaming of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. It corresponded approximately to the combined regions of the present-day Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. It ceased to exist on 1 April 1937 when it was renamed as the United Provinces.[1] Lucknow became its capital some time after 1921.

United Provinces of British India
Province of British India

1921–1937
Flag of United Provinces
Flag
Location of United Provinces
Map of the United Provinces from The Imperial Gazetteer of India
Capital Lucknow
History
 •  Established 1921
 •  Disestablished 1937
Today part of Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand

Administrative divisions

The United Provinces of British India included 9 divisions with 48 districts.

Princely states

Dyarchy (1920–37)

The Government of India Act 1919 expanded the United Provinces Legislative Council to 123 seats include more elected Indian members. The reforms also introduced the principle of dyarchy, whereby certain responsibilities such as agriculture, health, education, and local government, were transferred to elected ministers. However, the important portfolios like finance, police and irrigation were reserved with members of the Governor's Executive Council. Some of the prominent members and ministers in the United Provinces were Mohammad Ali Mohammad Khan (Home Member), C. Y. Chintamani (Minister of Education and Industries) and Jagat Narain Mulla (Minister Local Self Government).[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Provinces of British India
  2. ^ Jafri, Saiyid Zaheer Husain. Transformations in Indian History. Anamika Publishers and Distributors. p. 447.
Brij Narayan Chakbast

Brij Narayan Chakbast, also spelled, Brij Narain Chakbast, (Kashmiri: बृज नारायण चकबस्त, Urdu: برج نارائن چکبست‎) was an Urdu poet.

C. Y. Chintamani

Sir Chirravoori Yajneswara Chintamani (10 April 1880 – 1 July 1941) was an Indian editor, journalist, liberal politician and parliamentarian of the early 20th century. He was born on the Telugu New Year's Day (ugadi) at Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh, India. He was called the "Pope of Indian Journalism" by noted Indian statesman Sri V. S. Srinivasa Sastri.

He made history at the age of 18 by becoming the editor of the newspaper Vizag Spectator. He also organized Indian Herald and Standard.He made a great impact as Chief editor of the Allahabad-based, The Leader between 1909 and 1934. His clash with Motilal Nehru, Chairman of the Board of Directors over issue of his freedom as editor, meant that Motilal left within a year, thereafter between 1927 and 1936, Chintamani was not only the Chief Editor of the newspaper, but also the leader of the opposition in the U. P. Legislative Council.'The liberals' are those people who broke away from the Indian National Congress for they were not prepared to participate in the Non-Cooperation Movement. This core value guided him and his comrades who formed the Liberal Party.Chintamani was appointed as the Education Minister of the United Provinces of British India as a part of the Dyarchy scheme of the Government of India Act 1919. He was invited as a delegate to the First Round Table Conference at London in 1930-1931.Mahatma Gandhi and the British administrators and the Indian People were greatly inspired by his editorials. He was knighted in the 1939 Birthday Honours list; his knighthood was formally conferred by George VI on 20 September.

Chittaranjan Mitra

Chittaranjan Mitra, popularly known as CR Mitra and CRM, was an Indian scientist who is best remembered as the second Director of the Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani (BITS). He played a pivotal role in the transformation of the Institute from a local engineering college to a reputed university.

D. P. Agrawal

D. P. Agrawal (Dharma Pal Agrawal) is a historian of Indian science and technology, archaeologist, and author. He has published works on Indian archaeology, metallurgy, the history of science, and palaeoclimate.

List of Chief Commissioners of Oudh

This is a list of Chief Commissioners of Oudh. The establishment of the title of Chief Commissioner of Oudh was created after deposing Nawab of Awadh Wajid Ali Shah and incorporating Oudh into British India by Company in 1856 until it was merged with the title of Lieutenant Governor of the North-Western Provinces and renamed as Lieutenant Governor of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh in 1877.

List of Governors of Agra

This is a list of Governors of the Agra. The provisional establishment of the Governor of Agra happened in 1833 until the Presidency of Agra was renamed as North-Western Provinces in 1836.

List of Governors of the United Provinces

This is a list of Governors of the United Provinces and the precursor offices associated with that title from the provisional establishment of the Governor of Agra in 1833 until the province was renamed as Uttar Pradesh after the Indian independence in 1950.

List of Governors of the United Provinces of British India

This is a list of Governors of the United Provinces of British India. The establishment of the title of Governor of the United Provinces of British India happened in 1921 by renaming of title of Lieutenant Governor of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh until it was renamed as Governor of the United Provinces in 1937.

List of Lieutenant-Governors of the North-Western Provinces

This is a list of Lieutenant-Governors of the North-Western Provinces. The provisional establishment of the Lieutenant-Governors of the North-Western Provinces happened in 1836 until the title was merged with Chief Commissioners of Oudh and was renamed as Lieutenant-Governors of the North-Western Provinces and Chief Commissioners of Oudh in 1877.

List of Lieutenant-Governors of the North-Western Provinces and Chief Commissioners of Oudh

This is a list of Lieutenant-Governors of the North-Western Provinces and Chief Commissioners of Oudh. The provisional establishment of the joint title of Lieutenant-Governors of the North-Western Provinces and Chief Commissioners of Oudh happened in 1877 when title of Chief Commissioners of Oudh were merged until it was renamed as Governors of the United Provinces of British India in 1902.

List of Lieutenant-Governors of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh

This is a list of Lieutenant-Governor of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. The establishment of the title of Lieutenant-Governor of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh happened in 1902 by renaming of title of Lieutenant-Governor of the North-Western Provinces and Chief Commissioner of Oudh until it was renamed as Governors of the United Provinces of British India in 1921.

List of governors of Uttar Pradesh

Following is the list of Governors of Uttar Pradesh. This also includes Governors of United Provinces of Independent India from 15 August 1947 to 25 January 1950. The province was renamed Uttar Pradesh on 26 January 1950, headed by the Governor of Uttar Pradesh.

Lists of Indian governors

These are lists of Indian governors, both before and after Indian independence in 1947.

Mahakali Zone

Mahakali (Nepali: महाकाली अञ्चलListen ) is one of the fourteen zones located in the Far-Western Development Region of Nepal, covering an area of 6,205 km2 in the most western part of the country. It stretches along Nepal's far western border with India, marked by the Kali River or Mahakali River, which originates from Limpiyadhura, a disputed location for whether or not the Tri-country border point of Nepal and India with China.

Mahakali is divided into four districts:

Mahakali's headquarters is Bhimdatta (formerly called Mahendranagar) in Kanchanpur District. The zone covers the Himalayan range including Api Peak in the North, Hill valleys, Inner Terai valleys such as Patan Municipality in Baitadi District in the center and the outer Terai in the South. The name of this zone is derived from the Kali River.

Sultanpur National Park

Sultanpur National Park (Hindi: सुल्तानपुर राष्ट्रीय वन्यजीव अभयारण्य) (formerly Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary) is located at Sultanpur village on Gurugram-Jhajhar highway , 15 km from Gurugram, Haryana and 50 km from Delhi in India.

United Provinces

United Provinces may refer to:

Former names of present-day Uttar Pradesh, India:

United Provinces of Agra and Oudh (1902–1921), a former province of British India

United Provinces of British India (1921–1937), a former province of British India

United Provinces (1937–1950), a former province of British India & Dominion of IndiaUnited Provinces of New Granada, (1810–1816), a Confederacy formed after the independence of Colombia

United Provinces of Central America (1823–1838), a former country in Central America

United Provinces of Central Italy (1859–1860), a short-lived client state of the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia

United Provinces of China (1911–1912), was an early translation of the Republic of China in Xinhai Revolution

United Provinces of Heilongjiang and Nenjiang (1947), a short-lived Communist Chinese province; now Heilongjiang

United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata (1816–1831), official name of Argentina.

United Provinces, another name for the Dutch Republic (1581–1795), now the Netherlands

United Provinces of Agra and Oudh

The United Provinces of Agra and Oudh was a province of India under the British Raj, which existed from 1902 to 1947; the official name was shortened by the Government of India Act 1935 to United Provinces (UP), by which the province had been commonly known, and by which name it was also a province of independent India until 1950. It corresponded approximately to the present-day Indian states of Uttar Pradesh (UP) and Uttarakhand. From 1856 to 1902, the region had existed as two separate provinces, North-Western Provinces and Oudh. Allahabad became its capital in 1902 and continued until 1920. Lucknow was not made the capital until after 1921.

Varanasi division

Varanasi division is an administrative geographical unit of Uttar Pradesh state of India. Varanasi is the administrative headquarters of the division. Currently (2018), the division consists of districts of Varanasi, Chandauli, Ghazipur, and Jaunpur and is loosely equivalent to the Benares State.

Zohra Begum Kazi

Zohra Begum Kazi (15 October 1912 – 7 November 2007) was the first Bengali Muslim female physician. She was awarded Tamgha-e-Pakistan (1964), Begum Rokeya Padak (2002) and Ekushey Padak (2008).

Presidencies
Provinces

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