United News of India

United News of India (UNI) is a multilingual news agency in India. It was founded in December 1961 as an English news agency. Its commercial operations were started from 21 March 1961. With its Univarta, a Hindi news service, UNI became one of the multilingual news service in the world. In 1992, it started its Urdu news service and hence became the first news agency to provide Urdu news. Currently, it is one of the important news agencies in India, supplying news in English, Hindi, and Urdu languages. Its news bureaus are present in all state capitals and major cities of India.

United News of India
IndustryNews media
Founded19 December 1959
FounderDr. Bidhan Chandra Roy
Headquarters9, Rafi Marg, New Delhi-110001,


Press Council of India (PCI) in its first Press Commission report (1952–1954) emphasized on the importance of second news agency so that they can act as corrective to each other.[1] But even after the support of PCI, United Press of India collapsed in 1958, due to financial problems. So some leading newspapers felt the need of a second news agency along with Press Trust of India. This led to the formation of United News of India under Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy,[2] sponsored by eight leading newspapers The Hindu, The Times of India, The Statesman, Amrita Bazar Patrika, Hindustan Times, Hindustan Standard, Deccan Herald and Aryavarta.[3]

Initial period (1961 – 1975)

In its starting days, the company had to use old United Press of India teleprinters, that were rusted due to disuse since 1958.[3] The company increased its capacity from 13 teleprinters in 1961 to 408 by the end of 1975. In 1971, the company's revenue was Rs. 54.31 lakh, which increased to Rs. 67.73 lakhs in 1974 and Rs. 87.14 lakh in 1975. UNI had 5 staff members when it started its operation, but the number expanded to 697, with 139 journalists, 392 non-journalists, and 166 stringers, by the end of 1975.[3]

UNI introduced many innovative methods which led to an increase its popularity. In 1968, it introduced a weekly backgrounder service for current topics which was well-documented, with in-depth background knowledge. In 1970, it gave a new dimension to the field of agricultural journalism by introducing UNI agriculture news and feature service. Many other schemes were successfully launched like Financial and Commercial service, for reporting Indian and foreign markets, UNI Airmail News service (1971), and was the first to give a full-time science correspondent in the field of science reportage.[3]

For world news, UNI collaborated with Associated Press (USA), Deutsche Press-Agentur (West Germany), Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata (Italy), Agerpress (Rumania) and many others.[3]

Emergency period (1975 – 1978)

During the period of emergency, on 26 July 1975, Indira Gandhi government took the decision to form a single entity by merging the four teleprinter news agencies of India.[2] The employees' unions of the four agencies passed resolutions accepting the idea of forming a single news entity.[4] Hence in February 1976, UNI was merged along with PTI, Hindustan Samachar, and Samachar Bharati to form a new identity Samachar.[5][6][7][8][9] After the defeat of Indira Gandhi's government in 1977 election, Kuldip Nayar Committee was formed by the new government to examine the functioning of Samachar, taking into consideration the freedom of the press and independence of the news agency.[5] On 14 November 1977, the committee recommended the creation of two news agencies Varta and Sandesh by restructuring Samachar.[10] Contrary to the committee's recommendations, Samachar was made to split and the merger of all four agencies was undone.[11] Thus on 14 April 1978, UNI was revived again along with the other three news agencies.[12]

Post Emergency period (1978 – Present)

UNI in the post-emergency period, saw a growth in its subscribers. In January 1979, UNI's Financial Services (UNIFIN) was launched to provide global coverage of the financial and commodity markets from Wall Street and NASDAQ to European and Asian markets. UNIFIN also includes important political stories that affect the financial world.[13]

In May 1982, UNI launched its Hindi service, UNIVarta. This was followed by the launch of Urdu news service on 5 June 1992. It became the first and only news agency in the world to supply news in Urdu on the teleprinter.[13] [14] Post 2005, its communication network is more than 90,000 km in India and the Gulf states. It has correspondents in all major world cities. It has collaboration agreements with several foreign news agencies including Reuters.[15]

Many other initiatives have been taken by UNI. It was the first news agency to start UNI Photo service, UNI Graphics.[14] [16] Currently it offers many services like UniDarshan for news clips and features for Doordarshan (launched in July 1986), UNICON (UNI Economic service, launched in 1979), UNEN (UNI Energy News service, launched in September 1980), UNI Agriculture service (launched in 1967), UNI Backgrounder service (launched in 1968), UNI Features, UNISCAN, UNIFIN (launched in January 1979) etc.[16] [17]


UNI is registered as a non-profit company under section 25 of the Indian Companies Act. It is owned by the group of newspapers that have bought shares to run them. Newspapers elect the board of directors which are headed by a chairman. The chairman is the main authority in policy making of the news agency. The Board, headed by the chairman, consists of representatives of prominent newspapers as well as public figures.

See also


  1. ^ Shrivastava 2007, p. 48.
  2. ^ a b Kumar 2000.
  3. ^ a b c d e Shrivastava 2007, p. 49.
  4. ^ Shrivastava 2007, p. 56.
  5. ^ a b Mehta 1979, p. 84.
  6. ^ Shrivastava 2007, p. 51.
  7. ^ Aggarwal 1989, p. 190.
  8. ^ Kanung 2001, p. 114.
  9. ^ Jones 2015.
  10. ^ Mehta 1979, p. 85.
  11. ^ Mehta 1979, p. 87.
  12. ^ Shrivastava 2007, p. 57.
  13. ^ a b Shrivastava 2007, p. 61.
  14. ^ a b Mehta 1979, p. 94.
  15. ^ Shrivastava 2007, p. 60.
  16. ^ a b Shrivastava 2007, p. 62.
  17. ^ Mehta 1979, p. 95.


  1. Shrivastava, K. M. (2007). News Agencies from Pigeon to Internet. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. ISBN 9781932705676.
  2. Mehta, D. S. (1979). Mass Communication and Journalism in India. Allied Publishers. ISBN 9788170233534.
  3. Kumar, Keval J. (2000). Mass Communication in India. Jaico Publishing House. ISBN 9788172243739.
  4. Aggarwal, S. K. (1989). Media Credibility. Mittal Publications. ISBN 9788170991571.
  5. Kanung, Chitra (2001). Freedom Under Assault. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. p. 114. ISBN 9788176482264.
  6. Jones, Derek (Editor) (2015). Censorship: A World Encyclopedia. Routledge. ISBN 9781136798634.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  7. Sharma, Diwakar (2004). Mass Communication: Theory and Practice in the 21st Century. Deep and Deep Publications. ISBN 9788176295079.

External links


ALTBalaji is a subscription based Video on demand platform which is a wholly owned subsidiary of Balaji Telefilms Ltd. Launched on 16 April 2017, ALTBalaji is the Group's foray into the digital entertainment to create original, premium, and tailor-made content especially for Indians across the globe.


Al-Susah (Arabic: السوسة‎) is a Syrian town located in Abu Kamal District, Deir ez-Zor. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Al-Susah had a population of 8,797 in the 2004 census.


Angika (अंगिका) or Chhika-Chhiki is a language spoken primarily in the Bihar and Jharkhand states of India and the Terai region of Nepal.It belongs to the Eastern Indo-Aryan language family. It is closely related to languages such as Bengali, Assamese, Oriya, Maithili and Magahi.

Angika is not listed in the 8th schedule of the constitution of India. Nevertheless, Angika language movements have advocated its inclusion, and a submitted request is currently pending with the Government. Angika is written in the Devanagari script; although the Anga Lipi and Kaithi scripts were used historically.

Angika shows a regular contrast for animates.

Anup Chandra Pandey

Anup Chandra Pandey (born 15 February 1959) is a 1984 batch Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer belonging to the Uttar Pradesh cadre. Pandey is currently serving as the Chief Secretary of the Government of Uttar Pradesh, in addition to serving as the Infrastructure and Industrial Development Commissioner of Uttar Pradesh.

Asian News International

Asian News International (ANI) is an Indian news agency based in New Delhi that provides multimedia news to 50 bureaus in India and most of South Asia. Coverage includes general news, entertainment, lifestyles, business, politics, science, sports and features. As of 2015 the chairman of the company was Prem Prakash. Sanjiv Prakash was the Editor and CEO of Asian News International.Asian News International was the first news agency in India to syndicate video news. It provides video footage to a large number of Indian news channels and a few international news channels like BBC, CNN and NHK.

Biplab Kumar Deb

Biplab Kumar Deb (born 25 November 1971) is an Indian politician from Tripura and the current Chief Minister of Tripura. He has been the state president of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in Tripura since 7 January 2016. He led the BJP to victory in the 2018 Legislative Assembly Election, defeating 25 years rule of the Left Front government led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist). He took his oath as the 10th Chief Minister of Tripura on 9 March 2018.

Ekta Kapoor

Ekta Kapoor (born 7 June 1975) is an Indian television producer, film producer and director.

Government of Uttar Pradesh

The Government of Uttar Pradesh is a democratically elected state government in the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh with the governor as its appointed constitutional head of the state by the President of India. The Governor of Uttar Pradesh is appointed for a period of five years and appoints the chief minister and his or her council of ministers, who are vested with the executive powers of the state. The governor remains a ceremonial head of the state, while the chief minister and his or her council are responsible for day-to-day government functions. The state of Uttar Pradesh's influence on Indian politics is paramount as it sends the largest number of members of parliament to both the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.

Hindustan Samachar

Hindusthan Samachar is a multilingual news agency in India subscribed by more than 200 newspapers and almost all the news channels including Door Darshan (DD). It was set up in 1948 by S. S. Apte, offering its services in 10 languages: Bengali, Oriya, Assamese, Telugu, Malayalam, Urdu, Punjabi, Gujarati, Hindi and Marathi. In 1951 the Government of Bihar subscribed to the Hindustan Samachar, followed by many states in India. All India Radio and Radio Nepal were once subscribers. A year after a state of emergency was declared in India in 1975, Hindustan Samachar was merged with Press Trust of India, United News of India and Samachar Bharati to form the media monopoly Samachar.

List of Kannada-language magazines

This is a list of Kannada-language magazines.

List of Tamil-language magazines

The following is a list of Tamil-language magazines published across the world.

Mysore Airport

Mysore Airport (IATA: MYQ, ICAO: VOMY), also known as the Mandakalli airport, is an airport serving Mysore, a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is located near the village of Mandakalli, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south of the city, and is owned and operated by the Airports Authority of India (AAI). As of 2019, the airport had occasional flights to Chennai.

The airport's history dates to the 1940s, when it was constructed by the Kingdom of Mysore. Passenger service, training flights of the Indian Air Force, and other operations took place at Mysore Airport during its first several decades. A gap in scheduled flights lasted from 1990 to 2010; Kingfisher Airlines touched down at the airport following extensive renovations by the AAI. Airlines have encountered difficulties maintaining service at Mysore. Nevertheless, regional carrier TruJet inaugurated flights from Chennai in September 2017.

Press Trust of India

The Press Trust of India Ltd., commonly known as PTI, is the largest news agency in India. It is headquartered in New Delhi and is a nonprofit cooperative among more than 500 Indian newspapers and has more than 1,000 full-time employees, as of 22 January 2016. It employs over 400 journalists and 500 part-time correspondents located in most of the district headquarters in the country. A few correspondents are based in major capitals and important business centres around the world. It took over the operations of the Associated Press of India from Reuters after India's independence in 1947. It provides news coverage and information of the region in both English and Hindi. Its corporate office is located at Sansad Marg, New Delhi and registered office in D N Road, Mumbai.

Provincial Civil Service (Uttar Pradesh)

Provincial Civil Service (IAST: Prāṃtīya Sivila Sevā), often abbreviated to as PCS, is the administrative civil service under Group A state service of the executive branch of the Government of Uttar Pradesh. It is also the feeder service for Indian Administrative Service in the state.PCS officers hold various posts at sub-divisional, district, divisional and state level from conducting revenue administration and maintenance of law and order. The Department of Appointment and Personnel of the Government of Uttar Pradesh is the cadre-controlling authority of the service. Along with the Provincial Police Service (PPS) and the Provincial Forest Service (PFS), the PCS is one of the three feeder services to its respective All India Services.

Ravindra Kumar (editor)

Ravindra Kumar (born 1960) is editor and managing director of The Statesman, one of India's best-known and oldest newspapers. He writes on Indian politics and on South-Asian and South-east Asian affairs. Born in New Delhi, India on 24 July 1960, he was a director of United News of India, a leading Indian news agency, from 1992 to 2008, and twice its chairman. He was the chairman of Media Research Users' Council for 2012-13 and president of the Indian Newspaper Society in its platinum jubilee year, 2013-14. During this period he wrote a book, "Threescore and Fifteen - The story of the Indian Newspaper Society". The first copy of the book was presented to the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, at a function to mark the platinum jubilee. A founding member of the executive board of Asia News Network, a grouping of 22 Asian newspapers, he was twice its chairman.


Samachar was founded in February 1976, after the merger of United News of India, Press Trust of India, Samachar Bharati and Hindustan Samachar. The news agency was directly under the control of the government of India.

Star Air (India)

Star Air is an Indian commuter airline based at Kempegowda International Airport in Bangalore, Karnataka. It started operations in January 2019, offering flights within Karnataka state as well as to neighboring Andhra Pradesh as part of the Central Government's UDAN scheme. The airline makes use of two Embraer 145LRs for its services.

Train 18

Vande Bharat Express, also known as Train 18, is an Indian semi-high speed intercity electric multiple unit. It was designed and built by Integral Coach Factory (ICF) Chennai under the Indian government's Make in India initiative over a span of 18 months. The unit cost of the first rake was given as ₹100 crore (US$14 million), though the unit cost is expected to go down with subsequent production. At the original price, it is estimated to be 40% less costly than a similar train imported from Europe. The train was launched on 15 February 2019, by which date a second unit will have been produced and readied for service. The service was named 'Vande Bharat Express' on 27 January 2019.

Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh (; IAST: Uttar Pradeś [ˈʊtːəɾ pɾəˈdeːʃ] (listen)) is a state in the northern India. With over 200 million inhabitants, it is the most populous state in India as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world. It is located in the north-central region of the Indian subcontinent. It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh during British rule, and was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950. The state is divided into 18 divisions and 75 districts with the capital being Lucknow. The main ethnic group is the Hindavi people, forming the demographic plurality. On 9 November 2000, a new state, Uttarakhand, was carved out from the state's Himalayan hill region. The two major rivers of the state, the Ganga and Yamuna, join at Allahabad (Prayagraj) and then flow as the Ganga further east. Hindi is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state.

The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the west, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi to the northwest, Uttarakhand and Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east, Madhya Pradesh to the south, and touches the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast. It covers 243,290 square kilometres (93,933 sq mi), equal to 7.33% of the total area of India, and is the fourth-largest Indian state by area. The economy of Uttar Pradesh is the fourth-largest state economy in India with ₹15.79 lakh crore (US$220 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹57,480 (US$800). Agriculture and service industries are the largest parts of the state's economy. The service sector comprises travel and tourism, hotel industry, real estate, insurance and financial consultancies. President's rule has been imposed in Uttar Pradesh ten times since 1968, for different reasons and for a total of 1,700 days.The natives of the state are generally called Uttar Bhartiya, or more specifically either Awadhi, Bageli, Bhojpuri, Braji, Bundeli, Kannauji, or Rohilkhandi depending upon their region of origin. Hinduism is practised by more than three-fourths of the population, with Islam being the next largest religious group. Uttar Pradesh was home to powerful empires of ancient and medieval India. The state has several historical, natural, and religious tourist destinations, such as Agra, Ayodhya, Vrindavan (Mathura), Varanasi and Allahabad.

News agencies

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.