United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting

United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting (UKIB) is an affiliation of three British independent television production companies and broadcasters. The primary function of its predecessor (ITCA, the Independent Television Companies Association) was to represent independent British television interests as a member of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). The members of UKIB are the ITV Network Centre, the 17 ITV Companies, Channel 4, and S4C.

United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting (UKIB)
Formation1981
TypeAffiliation of broadcasters
Membership
ITV, Channel 4, S4C
Official language
English, Welsh

History

United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting (UKIB) was formed in 1981, when the Association of Independent Radio Contractors (AIRC)[1] was admitted as an active member of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). It replaced Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA, formerly Independent Television Authority or ITA) as the second British EBU member. Once ITCA was admitted as a fully active EBU member, the AIRC joined with ITA to form the Commercial Radio Companies Association (CRCA) in 1996. CRCA cancelled its EBU membership by the end of 2002.

The IBA continued to exist until it was disbanded by the Broadcasting Act 1990, which replaced it with the Independent Television Commission (ITC) and the Radio Authority.

Members

Service name Broadcast area Licence holder[2] Broadcast Since[Note 1] Parent company EBU abbreviation
ITV Network
ITV
STV
UTV
United Kingdom, Channel Islands, and Isle of Man ITV Network Limited 1955 ITV plc
STV Group plc
UKIB/ITV
ITV (Channel 3) Companies
ITV Anglia East of England ITV Broadcasting Limited 1959 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/ANG
ITV Border England–Scotland border ITV Broadcasting Limited 1961 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/BTV
ITV Central Midlands[Note 2] ITV Broadcasting Limited 1956 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/CEN
ITV Channel Television Channel Islands ITV Broadcasting Limited 1962 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/CHA
ITV Granada North West England[Note 3] and Isle of Man[Note 4] ITV Broadcasting Limited 1956 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/GRA
ITV London (Carlton) London Weekday ITV Broadcasting Limited 1955 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/LDN
ITV London (LWT) London Weekend ITV Broadcasting Limited 1955 ITV plc
ITV Meridian South and South East England ITV Broadcasting Limited 1958 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/MER
ITV Tyne Tees North East England ITV Broadcasting Limited 1959 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/TTT
ITV Wales Wales ITV Broadcasting Limited 1958 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/WALES
ITV West West of England ITV Broadcasting Limited 1958 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/WEST
ITV West Country South West England ITV Broadcasting Limited 1961 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/WES
ITV Yorkshire Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, and North Norfolk ITV Broadcasting Limited 1956 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/YTV
STV Central Central Scotland STV Central Limited 1957 STV Group plc UKIB/STV
STV North Northern Scotland STV North Limited 1961 STV Group plc UKIB/STVN
UTV Northern Ireland UTV Limited 1959 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/UTV
Channel 4
Channel 4 England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland[Note 5] Channel 4 1982 Channel Four Television Corporation UKIB/C4
S4C
S4C Wales Sianel 4 Cymru/Channel 4 Wales 1982 S4C Authority UKIB/S4C

Digital channels

Besides the main ITV, Channel 4, and S4C channels, there are several digital-only channels (ITV2, ITV3, ITV4, and CITV) owned by ITV plc and E4, More4 and Film4, operated by Channel 4.

Eurovision Song Contest

The United Kingdom's entries in the Eurovision Song Contest have been entered by the BBC each time. However, the United Kingdom's Junior Eurovision Song Contest entries were broadcast and entered by ITV in 2003, 2004, and 2005. S4C announced on 9 May 2018 that Wales will debut at the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2018 to be held in Minsk, Belarus.[3]

Notes and references

Footnotes

  1. ^ First broadcast in that region and not since the first franchises were held
  2. ^ Up to 1968, the service for the Midlands region was provided by ATV for Monday to Friday and by ABC Television for weekends.
  3. ^ Up to 1968, the service for a single Northern area consisting of both the current North West region and most of the current Yorkshire region was provided by Granada Television for Monday to Friday and by ABC Television for weekends.
  4. ^ Coverage was transferred from ITV Border and Tyne Tees to ITV Granada following DSO in the Isle of Man in July 2009.
  5. ^ Now available in Wales but is designated for the rest of the United Kingdom

References

  1. ^ Barnard, Stephen (2000). Studying Radio. London: Arnold. p. 76. ISBN 9780340719664.
  2. ^ "Channel 3 (ITV)". Ofcom. Retrieved 27 September 2007.
  3. ^ "Chwilio am Seren". junioreurovision.cymru. S4C. 9 May 2018. Retrieved 9 May 2018.

External links

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CPV-TV

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ITV 50

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ITV Day

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The "ITV Day" brand disappeared from screens on 13 January 2006, as ITV1 presentation was relaunched, along with the entire ITV family of channels.

ITV Encore

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ITV Telethon

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Independent Broadcasting Authority

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So Television

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U.tv

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UTV2

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The channel launched on 28 June 1999 as TV You, but was rebranded as UTV2 in 2000. The programming consisted primarily of simulcasts with ITV2, as broadcast in England, Wales and the Scottish Borders, although they did also use archive programmes from UTV.

Unusually, for a commercial station, UTV2 did not carry any advertising. This was presumably due to their failure to attract advertisers to UTV2, which was only receivable by a few thousand viewers.

UTV2 closed on 22 January 2002 following a deal with ITV Digital and was replaced by ITV2.

United Kingdom in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest

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Yorkshire-Tyne Tees Television

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